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Genealogical and Historical 


Embracing a Revised and Enlarged Edition of 









Library of Conf»rese| 

Two Copies Received 
NOV 24 1900 

Coi'V'itrtif ontry 


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St. IVLark's Parish 







Rsv Philip Slaughtei^, D. p 
Rector of Emmanuel (,'linrcli, Culpeper Co., Va. 




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When the pubheation of this book was commenced, the undersigned lit 
dreamed of the magnitude of the task he had undertaken. Our intention 
first was to reprint Dr. Philip Slaughter's History of St. Mark's Parish, 
gether with as much revised and supplemental matter as we could gatlier 
gether. Consequently, we had expected to have a book of one hundred a 
fifty pages, instead of three hundred. 

We have endeavored to advertise, as ex^ snsively as possible, the propoi 
publication of the work, in order that all m, t have the opportunity of m 
ing additions and revisions to the genealogical ^ trt of the publication. Qv 
a number availed themselves of the invitation, and to them we are much 

In a work of this kind, mistakes, in the way of omission, and some ii 
statements, are bound to occur. A work on genealogy, without sneh, is 
huioossibility. \ 

We have, for a numbe- of yeai's, comtemplated the re-publication of " 
Slaughter's book, but have waited, hoping to become better equipped for 
un(iertaking. However, thinking that a wait for such improvement, wo 
he in vain, we decided not to delay the publication, but to present to the pi 
lie the oest that we were able to do with our present mechanical equipme 
the printing of the book being done in the Exponent office at Culpepei 
Richmond firm doing the binding. 

For much valuable assistance we received in our work ackaowledgemi 
is made, and thanks therefor returned to Mr. Warren E. Coons, Clerk of i 
Culpeper courts. Judge Daniel A. Grirasley, of Culpeper, Mr. Thomas ToW 
Slaughter, of Culpeper, Mr. George Dabney Grray, of Culpeper, Mr. Jf 
Str()de Barbour, of Culpeper, Major H. C. Burrows, of Culpeper, Rev. E. 
Winfrey, Pastor of the Culpeper Baptist Church, Mr. Greorge M. Williams. 
Culpeper, Rev. F. Gr. Ribble, Rector of St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, 
Culpeper, Dr. A. Gr. Gfrinnan, of Madison, Mrs. Mary Dunnica Micou, of 
Theological Seminary, Virginia, Mr. Joseph Wilmer, of Culpeper, Mrs. J<' 
B. Sparrow, of Martinsville, Virginia, Mr. John S. Carpenter, of Louisvi 
Kentucky, Judge John W. Jones, of Culpeper, formerly of Kentucky, 
Willis M. Kemper, of Cincinnati, Ohio, Dr. John A. Fitzhugh, of Auiesbn 
Massach , setts. Maj. B. S. Thompson, of Huntington, West Virginia, 
2 James M. R'ce, of Peoria, Illinois, and Mr. William F. Boogher, of Wasli 
ton. District of Cohimbia. 

Raleigh Travkrs Grken, 
November, li'O.X Culpeper, A' 



Stretching from the foot hills of the Blue Ridge mountains eastward, some 
thirty miles, and taking in the valleys of the Rapidan, Robertson and Rappa- 
hannock rivers, lies an extensive plain. It is broken here and there by several 
^«mall mountains— miniature models of the great range to the west. This con- 
stitutea th^ colonial parish of St. Mark's, which was established in 1731, with 
Robert and Fra"^is Slaughter as its first church wardens. 

The Slaughters own'ed large landed estates in this parish and west of 
Slaughter's mountain, at thV? old homf^te. i of "Springfield," was born in 1808. 
Philip Slaughter, destined. mai'?y years later, to be the chroh/^ler of thig 
parish and many others, as well as historiographer of the Diocese of V^jrginia. 

His grandfather and father were both soldiers, the former commandin).' a 
regiment at the battle of Great Bridge, the latter serving gallantly throughout 
the war of independence as captain in the 8th continental regiment, and 
going through the terrible campaign of Valley Forge with John Marshall, 
afterwards chief justice of the United States, as his lieutenant and mess mate. 

Thus was blended in the young Philip Slaughter the qualities of his great- 
grandfather and uncle — the first church wardens — and those of his grandfather 
and father — the soldiers— and no one who ever saw him rise to speak, could 
doubt that the soldier of the Cross would have been as valiant a soldier of the 
State, if such service had been his. His tall, spare figure, with a manner 
which combined great personal dignity with the utmost courtesy and kindli- 
ness, made him noticeable in any a8semblage,and when he spoke, a voice, whosf 
wonderful modulations even advancing years could not aflfect, never failed 
to fix the attention of his hearers. 

Trained by the best tutors of the day, and at one of the first classical 
schools, young Slaughter learned, not only to avail himself of the thoughts of 
others, but to think for himself. He entered the University of Virginia the 
first year of its existence, and formed one of a class of notable men, many of 
them afterwards distinguished in the service of the State. 

He was admitted to the bar, but in a few years entered the Theological 

Seminary of Virginia, and was ordained deacon in "18^4, and priest in 1835 

>r some fourteen years he did most eflTective work in some of tl .uportant 

" es in Virginia and elsewhere. Failing health caused him to go abroad 


Tcr a time in the years 1848 and 1849. On his return he devoted his energies 
to the cause of African colonization; with wise foresight anticipating and try- 
ing thus to avert the dreadful catastrophe he lived to witness. 

Five years were given to this task, and to general evangelistic work. He 
then returned to Slaughter's mountain, where he built a chapel on his own 
land, and ministered to his neighbors and their dependents, giving his services 
as a free will offering. Here he lived up to the outbreak of the war between 
the States, occupying a unique position. A staunch churchman in the midst 
o*" members of other Christian bodies, he provoked no antagonism from those 
who differed with him, and by his wise and affectionate counsel and sympathy, 
Di-obably did more than any man in the State to win the respect, and often 
Mie allegiance of men of every class to the church of his forefathers. 

He was a man of rare gifts. Of a poetic temperament, he was fond of 
literature, and master of the best writers in the English language. As a pul- 
pit orator he was unsurpassed in his day, a,nd his. personal magnetism wt^i^ 
such that he swayed bis audience ''>ersoever he listed." 

The "mission" of the present day with its wt\ek of contip;u';,u8i services and 
'preaching was not unkp.own fifty y?ars ago. Dr. Sla^Vghter had great power 
as a missioner, and hosts of the careless and inr^Vfferent were brought by. him 
into the "wa^ of righteousness." . , 

In hi.s own community and beyond^ he was the trusted friend and adviser, 
•IS, '.ell as the pastor, the adjuster of variances, and the ultimate court of arbi- 

An ex;ile from, ho^ue, during the four years of war, he ministered whenever 
opportwiity offered to those., among whom his lot was cast. In hospital and 
camp his kindly presence carried help and solace to many a stricken body, and 
many a weary soul. : , 

And when the war was ov^r, he came back to his devastated home— the 
.scene of one of its bloodiest battles— and took up his work with the strength 
that was left, meeting the privations and trials of his lot with the courage of 
a soldier and the loyalty of a i>atriot, in uncomplaining toil, as an humble 
parish minister, setting a noble example af the old Roman tradition "Fortuna 
lion mutat genus." And so the end nobly crowned his work after a life 
_8peiit in the service of his master in the land, and among the people he loved 
.so well, in the home of his childhood and of his ripened years, he was, in the 
month of June, 1890, "gathered unto his Father's, having the testimony of a 
good conscience, in the confidence of a certain faith, and in favor with God 
and man." W. 


AsHBY Family, ------ 

Ball Family, ------ 

Baptists ok Chlpkpkr, Thk, - 
Barbour Family, . - - - - 

Brandy Kiflks, Thk, - - - - 

Brandy Station, Battle of, 
-Brick Making in Virginia, 

Broaddus Family, 

Bromfikld Parish, - - - - 

Brown Family, - 

Browning Family, . . - - 
Bryan-Lillard Family, 
Calvary Church Rebuilt, 
Carter Family, - - - - - 

CaTALPA, ------ 

Caa^^; Family, - - -. - 
Cedar Run, Battle of, 
Churcp Organization of in Virginia, 
CHi-.cPaS of St. Mark's Parish. 

























.AYTox Family, 

,AYTOx, Ma.j. Philip, . . . - 
ILK, Rka'. John, ------ 

•LK, Rkv. John, Sticcessors of, 

liKMAN Family, 

LMPANY B, Oth. Va. Cavalry, 
•MPANY B, 13th. Va. Infantry, 
•mpany O, 7th. Va. Infantry, 
•Mi'ANY E. Tth. Va. Infantry, 

• NWAY FaMII,Y. ------ 

•OKic Family, 


LPEPKR, County of - - - 

fLPEPER County, History, 
fLPKPER County, Engagements in 
'LPKPKH, Freeholders of, Mef/i'INCt of. 

LPKl'KR MiNUTK MEN, - - - - • 

iLPEPER OF To-day. . - - . 

'i/PKPER, Present Limits of, 

ILPEPER, T0W:,S IN, - - - - 

I'KPKR, Tr.wN OF, Laid Out, 
viRFAX Lodge, A. F. k A. M. - - ■ 

IMI'.A" (tENKALOOIES, - . . . 

ELD Family, 

oN'iAiNK, Jno., Diary of, 

uY Family, ....-- 

aknk'it Family. 

Part Part 
First. Second. 


56. ^ 















11, H.O. 





75, 132. 

Part Part 
First. Second. 


trliRMANNA SkTTLEMENT, 4, 42. 2, 159. 

Glassell Family, - - - 60. 

G EEN, Coi.. John, 68. 

- — Ghekj.' Family, - - - 61. 

Gmnnan Family, 79. 

H xry-Wixstox Family, ------ 75. 

H LL Family, ---------- 85. 

HiuL, Gkn. a. p. - - 111. 94. 

--■ 11] ;torical Excursions, 3G. 

JoN'ES Family, _ . . - 89. 

- KjktHts of the Goldex Horse Shoe, - - - 30. 

"" La Fayktte In (Jtlpkpkr, ------ ini;. 

. Lamon, Rkv. a. H., - - - - - - - - 25, 118. 


JjILl.^rd-Bryan Family - - - - 

LiTTLEI'AaE, liEWIS. ------ 48_ 

Madison Family, --------- 71. 

-Marriaok Record, .->----.- r^(^. 

ftlARRIACik RK<"0RJ). IxDKX if), ------ Kii. 

jMason Family. ----,----- 7<). 

MliDTCAi- MKN in (;ill,PE>'ER BEFORE REVOLUTION, - 111. 

Family, - - - - 75_ 

^oiiLLANEOUs Enlistments, 23. 

r .NDLKTON, Edmund, ------- 105. 

.kxdleton family, - - - - 95,119. 

Rkvolution, Pensioners of, 128. 

!i E Family. ---------- 132. 

^ UOHTER, Capt. Philip, Dairy of - - - - 46. 

• ughter Family, - - 85. 

mERS IN French and Indian War, - - - 14. 

niERS in War of 1812, 130. 

Part Par 
First. Sec> 


fi^i^OTSwooii Family. «2. 

SroTswooi), 8111 Ai,KXAXi)KU, ----- 1- 

S'l'KVKNS, (tKX. EnWARll, 

Stkvknsdx, Rkv. Jamks, 20, ?;'.. 

St. Mauk'.s, AnnKNnA, 114. 

St. Mark's Parish, First Mimster of, - - - 7- i 

St. Mark's Parish History CoxTiNiiEn, - - - 114. (. 

St. >[ ark's Parish, Notks on, - - - - - 1"^- 

St. Mark's Parish, Orgaxizatiox of, - - - - :{. 
St, Mark's Parish, Vkstrymkx of, - - - - ii:', 117. 

Strothku Family, - - ^'■^- , 

St. Thomas' Paihsh, ^2. ■ 

Taylor Family, . . - 74, 

Thom Fa5:ily, - - - '^'^• 

s Family, - !•''•'• 

psoN Family, '^^- ^"• 

T .Mi'sox, Rkv. John, ^" . 

Thompson, Richard W., ------- S7. 

TvtBAcco Plant, Thic, -------- 50, 

War of 1«13, Ctlpkpkr Company, - . - - 


Winston-Hknry Family, 75. 

AVoonviLLK, Rkv. John, - - - - - - /- 21, 70. 

\an(;ky Family, ./- 


Washington, (tkorge, Surveyor, , 5 

WiLi- Records of Culpkper, 

Williams Family, 





The name "Spotswood" is pi-operly spelt with only one "t." 

Pa^e 6, second paragraph, 12th. line, read KirtleJ^ instead of "Kirtly." On 
next line read Stanton for "Staunton." 

Page 17, 4th. line, read ownetl instead of "tenanted." In 7th. line read 
Spotswood for "Spootswood.'' On same page, in 5th. line from bottom read 
Rol)ert for "Robort." 

Page 24, last paragraph, 7th, line, read wielded for ''yielded." 

Page 2G, second paragraph, 11th. line, read Downman for "Dowman." 

Page4l, next to last line of second paragraph, read pistole for "pistol." 

Page 50, in 5th. souvenii', read Count for "Court." 

Page 58, first line of last paragraph, read Micou for "Micon." 

Page 04, nth. line read Ritchie for "Richie." In Kith, line of same page, 
read Parish for "Furnish." 

Page 68, 32nd. line, read Cruger for "Kruger." In 26th. line, read Angus 
for "Angus." 

T>age 86, 2nd. line, read Frances for "Francis." In 5th. line, read Fran- 
Ramsdell for "Francis, Ramsdell." In 39th. line, read Orie C, for "Ann ■ 
In 40th line, read Wingfield for "Winfield." 

Page 90, 30th. line, read Nimean for "Ninean." 

Page 114, 2nd. line of 2nd. paragraph, read Calvary for "Cavalry." 


Page 3, second paragraph, 7th. line, read Stevens for "Stephens." 

Page 4, 31st. line, read Conway for "Conroy." 

Page 6, 2nd line, read Jameson for "Jamesom." 

Page 15, 12th. line, read flesh for "flash." 

Piige 35, 5th. line from bottom, read W. N. Smith for "W. M. Smith.'' h 
3rd. line from l)ottom, read James L. Justice for " James F. Justis." 

Page 36, 7th. line, leave out words "killed in action." In 9th. line, read K 
mond L. Amiss for "Edmond T. Amiss." 

Page 37, 38th. line, read J. P. Slaughter for "P. P. Slaughter-" In 29tV 
l.neiead E. M. Slaughter, for "M. L. Slaughter." 

Page 44, 20th. line read Willis tor "Williis." 

Page 59, Ist. line, 2nd column, read Mary Browning for "Mary id." 

Page 72, loth, line, read Milly Bryan for " Billy Bryan." 

Page 83, 5th. line from bottom, read Hooff for "Hoff." 

1 age 97, 13th. line from Ijottom, read 1882 for "1872." In 9th. line from 
, otiom, read Bettie A. for "Bettie N." 

Page 131, the expression : "the sixteen justices of the peace for Culpeper 

oiinty," is used, giving the impression that at that time those sixteen were all 

of the justices of Culpeper county. From later research it has become quite 

evident that they were not all, but that there were others who did not join in 

the protest against the stamp act. 

Page 160, 15th. line, read Ferndorf for "Ferdorf." 












The author believes that he was the first person who conceived the idea of 
writing a history of the old parishes in Virginia upon the basis of tlie old ves- 
try-books and registers. Thirty years ago he published the History of Bristol 
Parish (Petersburg), of which he was then rector. In 1849 he published the 
History of St. George's Parish, in Spotsylvania. His labors were then sus- 
pended by ili-health, and he went abroad, never expecting to resume tlieui. 
This personal evil resulted in the general good. Bishop Meade, the most com- 
petent of all men for this special task, was induced to take up the subject, and 
the result was the valuable woi'k, "The Old Churches and Families of Virgin- 
ia," in which the author's histories of St. Greorge and Bristol Parishes, and 
some other materials which he had gathered, were incorporated. Tlie author, 
in his old age, returns to his first love, and submits to the public a history of 
his native parish of St. Mark's. The reader will please bear in mind that this 
is not a general liistory of the civil and social institutions within the bounds 
of this parish, and yet he will find in it many incidental illustrations of these 
subjects. He must also be reminded that it does not purport to be a history 
of Christianity in its varied forms and polities within in the lines of St Mark's. 
That would open a large field, which the author has not time or strength now 
to traverse. He means, therefore, no disrespect to other Christian polities and 
peoples (among whom are numljered many valueil friends and relatives) in 
omitting all reference to them. In this respect he has followed the exanii)!e of 
the parish records, which are the l)asis of this history, and in which there is 
not one word about Cliristians of other names, from the first organization of 
St. Mark's Parish, in 17:-51, to the present moment. The vestry abstained in 
like manner from political allusion; for while keeping up its organization and 
records during the whole of the American Revolution, the only alhision to an 
event Avhich so absorbed men's minds is the following entrj' : — ''Capt. Richard 
Yancey is appointed a vestryman in place of Major John Cireen, in Continental 


Church history in Virginia may be distributed into several eras, the obser- 
vation of which will make it more intelligible. The first is the Era of the 
Church of England in the Colony and Doniinion i.f Virginia. This covers the 
whole ]>eriod;from the first phuitation of Jamestown to the American Revolu- 


tion. During this period the Church was in bondage to the State, which nev- 
er allowed it to organize. For political reasons it was not permitted to have a 
bisliop; and there were no ordinations or confirmations during the whole colo- 
nial term. Candidates for orders had to make the then costly, protracted and 
perilous voyage across the sea. Some of them could not pay the expense, and 
others were lost at sea, while some died of tlie small-pox in London, whicli 
was very fatal before the use of vaccination. The Church was not only de- 
nied an executive head, but it h ad no legislature. It had no authority to i)a88 
a law, enact a canon, or inflict a penalty, not even for the discipline of its own 
ministers and members; and it never performed one of these functions. 

The second Era may be called the Transition Age, during which the ties 
that bound it to the State were one by one sevex-ed; and this lasted from 1776 
to the first organization of the Protestant Episcopal Church of Virginia, in 
1785, when it became free, altliough its organization was not perfected until 
the election of its first bishop (Madison). 

The next era may be called the Era of Decline, when the Episcopal Church 
was staggering under the odium of having been an established church, which 
lasted until William Meade, William Wilmer, William Hawley, Oliver Norris. 
and such like, came upon the stage, and elected Richard Channing Moore, of 
New York, to be their leader. Then began the Era of Revival; after a torpid 
winter, an awakening spring followed by a fruitful summer. To this season 
we may apj)Iy the words of Shakspeare, but in a higher sense :— 
"Now is the winter of our discontent 
Made glorious summer by this son of YORK ; 
And all the clouds that lowered upon our house. 
In the deep bosom of the ocean buried'' — 
While we recognize and rejoice in the good that has been done by other 
Christian ministers outside of our fold, we too may be permitted to rejoice 
that our Virginia Episcopal Roll is "without a blemish" ; and that their hands 
have been upheld by a goodly and growing company of preachers, who have 
rekindled the fires upon many an old altar where the sparrow had found her 
an house, and the swallow a nest for heri^elf, even thine altars, O Lord (xod of 
Hosts ! my King and my Ciod. 

In such an almost countless number of names and dates as occur in this 
book, it must needs be that errors of the pen or of the press will creep in. If 
those who detect them will kindly communicate them to the author, he will 
gladly correct them in a new edition; the proposed first edition having been 
ordered in anticipation of publication. If the reader will bear in mind the 
following facts it will facilitate his understanding of this history. In 1730 
Spotsylvania County was taken from Essex, King and Queen and King Wil- 
liam, whose jurisdiction hitherto extended to the great mountains. St. 
George's Parish, coterminous with Spotsylvania, was formed by the same act. 
In 1731 St. Mark's was taken fr.»in St. (reorge. In 17:'.4 Orange was formed from 


Spotsylvania. In 1740 St. Thomas was taken from St. Mark's. In 17t8 Cul- 
peper was formed from Oranj^e. In 1752 Bromfield Parish was taken from 
St. Mark's. In 1792 Madison County was taken from Cuipeper. In 1831 
Rappahannock County was formed from Cuipeper, and in 1838 the County of 
Grreene was taken from the County of Orange. 

Besides the acknowledgments made in the body of this work, the author 
is under obligations to Isaac Winston, Jr., for volunteering to transcribe his 
entire manuscript into a fair hand — a task almost as difficult as the interpre- 
tation of hieroglyphical characters by Oriental scholars. I am indebted for a 
like favor to Rev. Dr. Randolph, of Emmanuel Church, Baltimore, for volun- 
teering to read the proof-sheets as they passed through the press; and to the 
Rev. Dr. Dalrymple, the Hon. Hugh Blair Grigsby, Mr. R. A. Brock, of the Vir- 
ginia Historical Society, Dr. Andrew Grinnan, of Madison, Mr. George Mason 
Williams, of Cuipeper, Col. Edward McDonald, of Louisville, to the gentlemen 
of the press, and to many correspondents too numerous to be named, for aid 
and sympathy in his work. 




Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia. 


A history of St. Mark's Parish in which Gov. Spotswood did not have a prom- 
inent place, would be lilie a portrait with the most prominent feature left out. 
Not only was he a sagacious statesman, a gallunt cavalier,a brave and dashing 
soldier; but he was also a devout Church of England man. ready to enter the 
lists as her champion against all comers, not excepting the vestries, who were 
the advocates of the people's rights, and the miniature Parliaments in which 
tlie leading statesmen of the American Revolution were trained. He was the 
largest landed proprietor within the bounds of the parish ; he founded the 
first town (Germanna), he developed the first mines, and erected the first iron 
furnace in America. He erected, chiefly at his own expense, the first iJarish 
church, and organized and equipped, at Germanna, " The Knights of the Gol- 
den Horseshoe," who first passed the Blue Ridge, and blazed the way to the 
Valley of Virginia, and whose whole course was witiiin the limits of the origi- 
nal parish of St. Mark's. 

Governor Si)ots\vood was the great-grandson of John Spotswood, Archbis- 
hop of St. Andrew's and author of the History of the Church of Scotland. His 
grandfather was Robert Spotswood, Lord President of the College of Justice, 
and author of the " Praeticks of the Laws of Scotland," who was one of the 
eight eminent lawyers executed by the Parliament of Scotland, which (accord- 
ing to Sir Walter Scott) consisted wholly of Covenanters. While he was at 
private prayer on the scaffold (says Sir Walter) he was interrupted by the 
Presbyterian minister in attendance, who asked if he did not desire his pray- 
ers and those of the people. Sir Robert replied that he earnestly desired the 
pi'ayers of the people but not those of the preacher ; for that, in his opinion, 
God had expressed his displeasure against Scotland by sending a lying spirit 
into the mouths of the prophets. The father of Governor Spotswood was Dr. 
Robert Spotswood, physician to the Governor of Tangiers in Africa, and his 
mother had been Mrs. Catherine Elliott. Dr. Spotswood died in Tangiers in 
1688, leaving one son, the subject of this notice, who was born in 1676. Gov- 
ernor Spotswood, " who had been bred in the army," was aide to the Duke of 
Marlborough, and was badly wounded in the breast at the battle of Blenheim. 

His arrival in Virginia, says Campbell, was greeted with joy, because he 
brought with him the right of Habeas Corpus — a right guaranteed to every 
Englishman by Magna Charta, but hitherto denied to Virginians. Spotswood 

/I- / , 

entered upon liis duties as Governor in 1710, and the two Houses of the Gener- 
al Asseniby.severall}', returned thanks for their relief from long: imprisonment, 
and approjjriated more than two thousand pounds for oompletins the Govern- 
or's palace. Altlu)ii^'h he was, in accordance Avith the dominant doctrines of 
his day, a strenuous advocate of the Royal preroj?ative in Cliurch and State, 
yet he was one of the most energetic, ])atiuotic and farseeing: statesmen that 
ever ruled Virfcinia. He first suggested a chain of forts from the Lakes to the 
Mississippi (beyond the Allef?hanies) to check the encroachments of the 
French; but many years elapsed before his sup:g:estion and policy were adojjt- 
ed. It was he who conceived the idea of making: tobacco notes a circulating- 
medium. His military jrenius and experience enabled him to wield the mili- 
tia with great effect against the hostile Indians; but he was no less zealous in 
the conception and execution of measures for their civilization and eonver- 
tion to Christianity, as the Indian school at Christanna on the Meherin river, 
and the fund of £1000 for instructing their children at William and Mary 
College, attest. In 1789 he was made Deputy Postmaster-General for the Col- 
onies; and it was he (saj's Campbell) who promoted Benjamin Franklin to l)e 
p)08tmaster for the province of Pennsylvania. 

Governor Spotswood died at Annapolis, on his way to command the army 
against Carthagena, and was buried at Temple* Farm, one of his old country 
seats near Yorktown, so named from a house in the garden erected by Gov- 
ernor Spotswood as a cemetery. Dr. Shield, who bought the farm in 1S84, 
says, " the walls of tie temple were then only several feet high: within them 
I found heaps of Vjroken tombstones, and on putting the fragments together, 
1 found the name of Governor Spotswood." 

It was in the Temple Farm mansion that Lord Cornwallis met Washing- 
ton and signed the articles of capitulation which secured American indepen- 

There is some verbal discrepancy between the authorities about the name 
of th? lady whom Governor Spotswood married. Bishop Meade, upon the au- 
thority of a daughter of General Alexander Spotswood, says that her name 
was Jane Butler, sister of the Duke of Ormond. Charles Campbell, our pains 
taking historian, says her name was Butler Bryan (pronounced Brain), daugh- 
ter of Richard Bryan, of Westminster, and her Christian name was after Jas. 
Butler, Duke of Ormond, her godfather. On the other hand, several of her 
lineal descendants have informed the present writer that Mrs. Spotswood was 
the "daughter of Richard Brayne, " whose letters to his daughter show him to 
have been a man of culture." The name of Butler Brayne has been perpetu- 
ated in this branch of the family to this day, which raises a strong presump- 
tion that it is the true orthography. 

Since the al)Ove was written I have procured, through the medium of 
Judge Barton and Capt. George Minor, of Fredericksburg, documentary proof 
which settles the vexed question, in the form of a letter written by Judge Ed- 
mond I'endleton for his client John Benger, the son of Dorothea (Col. Byrd's 
Miss Thecky) Brayne, sister of Lady Spotswood. The letter is dated Virgijiia, 
Sept. 8th, 17(J-\ and is addressed to (^apt.Wm. Fox, and is signed l)y John Ben- 
ger and Kdmond I'endleton, and in it is the following paragraph:—" Kichard 
Brayne and his wife are dead, and Mrs. Brayne's issue was four daughters. 
Anne. Diana, Dorothy,and Butler. Dorothy intermarried with Elii(it lienger. 
gentleman, and, with lier husband, is since dead, and 1 am her son 
and heir. Butler intermarried with Major- General Alexander Spotswood, and 
jtftcrwiirds married .Tojin Tlwuiipson ((Merk). She is dead, and Alexander 


Spotswood, infant, is her jjrandson and heir, and is now in England. Anne 
and Diana remained in England and never married." 

Governor Spotswood had four children, John, Robert, Anne. Catherine, 
and Dorothea. John married in 1745, Mary, daughter of Capt. Dandridge, of 
the British array and had two sons, Greneral Alexander and Capt .John, both 
officers of the Revolution; arid two daughters, Mary and Ann. John, son of 
John, and grandson of tiie (Tovernor, married Mary Rousee of Essex, and 
had many children. General Alexander Spotswood, grandson of the r-fovernor 
married Elizal>eth, daughter of Augustine and niece of Greneral Washington. 
Robert, second son of the Governor, was an officer under Washington in 1755, 
and was killed by the Indians. Anne Catherine (Kate) married Bernard 
Moore, of Chelsea in King William; and their daughter married Charles Carter 
of Shirley, and was the gi-andmother of our Chevalier Bayard (sans peur et 
sans reproche), (xeneral Robert Edward Lee, named after two of his uncles, 
Robert and Edward Carter. 

Kate Spotswood, Mrs. B. Moore, was a great beiifxty. The late Mrs. Dun- 
bar of Falmouth; had seen her, and was so impressed by the vision, that, with 
true "womanly instinct, she reinemljered, after the lapse of m^iny years, the de- 
tails of her dress, which we reproduce for the benefit of our lady readers. It 
was a fawn-colored satin, square in the neck, over a l>lue satin petticoat, with 
satin shoes and liuckles to match, on very small and beautifully shajK'd feet. 
A granddaughter of Kate, now living in a green old age, says that Avhen she 
was a little girl she saw Kate sitting up in her l)ed at Chelsea, combing her 
white and silken hair, with a servant holding up a looking-glass before her. 

There is a portrait of Governor Spotswood at Chelsea, and there was an- 
other at Sedley Lodge in 'Orange (now in the State Library at Richmond), 
which the author of this historical tract had dagiierreotyped. It represents 
him in full dress, scarlet velvet — graceful and commanding in face and figure 
— antique model of the cavalier, — the old English and the old Virginia gentle- 
man, who are as much alike as father and son. What a genealogical tree! — 
with General Sir Alexander S[)otswood its root in Virginia, and Robert F,d- 
ward Lee its bright, consummate flower. 


The Register of St. Mark's Parish, which lies before me, is the oldest manu- 
script record in the county of Culpeper. The i)arish is older than the county 
by eighteen years, the former having been established by Act of Assemby in 
1730, and the latter in 1748. It is curious to note the progress of population, 
and parishes and counties, from their original seats on tidewater towards the 
mountains. The people went before, the parishes followed after, and the 
counties completed the organization, according to the uniform policy of the 
British Government to keep the Church and State in union. 

In 1();}4 the colony of Virginia was divided by the House of Burgesses into 
eight counties, or shires, as they were then called. In 1092 the old county of 
Rappahannock was extinguished, and its territory distributed into the coun- 
ties of Richmond on the north, and Essex on the south, side of the Rappahan- 
nock River. The movement of the growing population was along the banks 
of tlie rivers, on account of th'^ greater productiveness of the soil, and the fa- 
cilities of transportation, in the absence of roads in the intervening wilder- 
ness. Thus early in the eighteenth century the settlement had passed the 
F.ills of the Rappahannock and reached the Rapid Ann River, where a colony 
of (Tcrinaus had seated the:nselves. and Lieutenant-Governor Spotswood 


liad ostablishorl a furnaoo and built a " eastlo," in which he occasionally 


Over the new settlement a new county and a new ptrishware erected in 
1720. The i»reui!il)le to the Act of Assembly declares that "the frontiers to- 
wards the hi^'h mountains, be injj: exposed to danj^ersfrom the Indians and the 
French settlements towards the west, a new county is established, bordcrin-j- 
iiljon Snow Creek up to the Mill thence by a southwest course to the North 
Anna, thence up the said river as far as convenient, and thence by a line 
over the hi}j:h mountains to the river Shenandoah, so as to include the North 
Pass throufjh said mountains; thence down said river till it comes af?ainst the 
head of R ippahanuoak lliyer, and down that river to the mouth of Snow 
Creek ; which tract of land shall be come a county by the name of S[)otsyl- 
vania, and the whole county shall be one parish, by the name of St. George." 

The Act also appropriated five liundred pounds for a cliurcli, courthouse, 
]Mllory and stocks, where the 'orovernor shall ai)p()int. Another clause appro- 
priates one thousand pounds for arms and aniTuuuition, to such " Christian 
tithal)les " as shall go to seat this county. The county of Brunswick was es- 
tablished by the same law. Tlie inhabitants were made free of levies for ten 
years. The same privilege is extended to Germans and other foreign Protes- 
t mts, " who may not understand English readily," if tlwy will entertaiu a 
)uinister of their own. 

It will be observed tluit the movement of counties, parishes and people, 
by way of Spotsylvania and Brunswick, was towards the northern and south - through the " high mountains " to transcend which and see what 
lay beyond was the great problem of the day. 

The Rev. Hugh Jones, one of the Colonial clergy, in liis " Present State of 
Virgitua," published about 1721, says:—*' Beyond Governor Spotswood's fur- 
nicc, witliin view of the vast mountains, he has founded a town called 
(icrmanna, from some Germans sent over by Queen Ann, who are now rumored 
■lip farther. Here he has servants and workmen of most handicraft trades, and 
he is building a church, courthouse, and dwelling-house for himself, and with 
his servtxnts and negroes he has cleared plantations about it, propo.-<ing great 
encouragement for people to come and settle in that uninhabited part of tlie 
world, lately divided into a county." 

Colonel Byrd, of Westover, on James River, an accomi)lished gentleman, 
an adventurous traveller, and inimitable humorists, visited Colonel Spots- 
wood in 17:J2, and indites the following ])leasant gossip on the occasion. 

" The famous town of (jerm xnaa (umsists of Colonel Spotswoo:!'.^ enchan- 
ted castle on one side, and a l)aker"s dozen of ruinous tenements on the other 
where so many German families had dwelt some years ago, but are now re- 
moved ten miles higher, in the Fork of the Rappahannock, tO land of their 
own. There had also been a chapel about a bow shot from the Colonel's 
house, at the end of an avenue of cherry trees,but some pious peo[)Ie had late- 
ly burnt it down, with intent to get another built nearer their own homes. 
Here I arrived abour three o'clock, and found only Mrs. Spotswood at home, 
who received her old acquaintance with many a gracious smile. I was carried 
into a room elegantly set oil" with ])ier glasses, the largest of which came soon 
after to an odd misfortune. Among other favorite animals which cheered 
this lady's solitude, a brace of tame deer ran familiarly about the house, and 
one of them came to stare at me as a stranger, but unlucdvily spying his own 
figure in the glass, he made a spring over the tea-table that stood under it, 
and shattered the glass to pieces, and falling back upon the tea table made, 
;. tcivil.l,. fr.-icas among the (diina: This exploit was so suilden, and accoiuiia- 

nied by such noise, that it surprised me and perfectly fri^litened Mrs. Spots- 
wood. But it was worth all the damage to show the moderation and {^rood 
humor with which she bore the disaster. In the evening? the noble Colonel 
came from his mines, who saluted me very civilly; and Mrs. Spotswood's sis- 
ter Miss Thecky, who had been to meet him, en cavalier, was so kind, too, as 
to bid me welcome. We talked over a legend of old stories, supjifd about nine, 
and then prattled with the ladies till it was time for a traveller to retire. In 
the meantime I ol>served my old friend to be very uxorious and exceedingly 
fond of his children. This was so opposite to the maxims he useil to preacli 
up before he was married, that I could not forbear rubbing up the memory of 
them. But he gave a very good-natured turn to his change of sentiments, by 
alleging that whoever brings a poor gentlewoman into so solitary a place, from 
all her friends and acquaintances, would be ungrateful not to use her and all 
that belongs to her wdth all possible tenderness.Weall kei)t snug in our several 
apartments till nine, except Miss Thecky, who was the housewife of the fam- 
ily. At that hour we met over a pot of coffee, which was not strong enough 
to give us the palsy. After breakfast, the Colonel and I left the ladies to their 
domestic affairs,and took a turn in the garden, which has nothing beautiful in 
it but three terrace walks, that fall in slopes one below another.I let him under- 
stand that, besides the pleasure of paying him a visit, I came to be instructed 
by so great a master in the mystery of making iron, wherein he led the way, 
and was the Tubal Cain of Virginia. He corrected me a little there, saying 
that he was not only the first in his country, but the first in North America 
who had erected a regular furnace ; that they ran altogether on bloomeries 
in New England and Pennsylvania till his exam])le had made them attemjjt 
greater woi'ks. He said that the four furnaces now at work in Virginia circu- 
lated a great sum of money for provisions, &c., in the adjacent counties. He 
told me that he had iron in several parts of his tract of forty-five thousand 
acres of land, but that the mine he was at work upon was tliirteen miles be- 
low Germanna. He raised the ore a mile from the furnace, and carted the 
iron, when made, fifteen miles to his plantation on Massaponax. He said that 
during his absence in England he had lost eighty slaves, his furnace was still 
the greater part of the time, and all his plantations ran to ruin. But he was 
rightly served for trusting his affairs to a mathematician (Mr. (Traeuie). whose 
thoughts were always ' among the stars.' The afternoon was devoted to the 
ladies who conducted me through a shady lane to the river, and by the way 
made me drink some very fine water that issued from a marble fountain. Just 
behind it was a covered bench, where Miss Thecky often sat and bewailed her 
virginity. The river is about fifty yards wide,and so rapid that the ferry-boat 
is towed over by a chain, and therefore called the Rapidan." The Miss Thec- 
ky above mentioned was evidently the sister of Mrs. Spotswood, who married 
Mr. Benger, a cousin of the Grovernor, and from whoiusome of the Minors and 
Frenchs of Spotsylvania are descended. 

Governor Spotswood, after whom Spotsylvania was called, fixed the seat 
of justice at Germanna, which was named after the German settlement. The 
history of these Germans deserves further investigation. In 1717 they <-onsist- 
ed of one hundred and thirty persons, in twenty nine families, and anticipa- 
ted a large accession to their number. In a petition to the Bishoj) of London 
and the English society for the propagation of the Gospel in foreign lands, 
they described themselves as very desirous of having the ministers of religion 
in their own tongue, " not understanding English well." They invoke the 
aid of the Bishops in England to procure for them and ordain a young Ger- 
man minister, to assist and to succeed their old i.a^itor (Haeger). now .'Seventy- 


five years of ape, and to send witli him the Liturgy of the Church of England 
translated into High Dutch, which they are desirous to use in public worship. 
Tliey were exempted by the General Assembly from the payment of parish 
levies. Dr. Hawks says that the parish of St. George was created for them. 
This is clearly a mistake. Colonel Byrd, in the passage quoted above, says he 
saw in \7-i2 "the ruinous tenements" which they had occupied at Gerraanna, 
and adds that they had moved higher up to the Fork of the Rappahannock, 
to land of their own, which must mean the juncture of the Rapid Ann (often 
called the Rappahannock in those times) and the Robinson, which is now in 
the county of Madison. I believe I was the first to suggest that there was the 
nucleus of the German population in Madison county (see my history of St. 
George's Parish, 1747). Bishop Meade adopts this suggestion, and refers to an 
old gentleman in Ciilpeper who had told him that in his boyhood he had of- 
ten seen the Lutherans from Madison, when they had no minister of their own, 
come to Buck Run Church, in Culpeper, to receive the Holy Communion. 
That old gentleman was the venerable vestryman and watchful warden, the 
late Samuel Slaughter, of Western View, in St. Mark's Parish. I have initiat- 
ed inqun-ies which I hope will throw some light on this obscurity. 

In May, 17;J0, the General Assembly, in view of the inconveniences arising 
to the parishioners of St. George's Parish by reason of the gi-eat length there- 
of, divided it by a line running "from the mouth Of the Rapid Ann to the 
mouth of the Wilderness Run; thence up the said run to the bridge, and thence 
southward to the Pamunky River. All of the territory above that line to be 
called and known as St. Mark's Parish." The same Act directs the freehol- 
ders and liousekejiers of the new parish to meet at the new church in German- 
na, on the first day of the following January, and elect twelve of the most able 
and discreet persons of the parish to be vestrymen of said parish. In pursuance 
of this Act, the freeholders and housekeepers did meet at Germanna on the 
1st day of January, 17;U, and elected Goodrich Lightfoot, Henry Field, Francis 
Kirtlv (not Huntley as in Bishop Meade's "Old Churches, &c."), William Pey- 
ton, James Barbour, Robert Slaughter, Thomas Staunton, Benjamin Cave, 
Robert Green, Jno. Finlason and Samuel Ball. Robert Slaughter and Fran- 
cis Slaughter were the first church wardens, and William Peyton first clerk. 

These antique vestrymen were the fruitful germs of genealogical trees which 
have scatterd their prolific seeds from New York to Florida, and from Virginia 
to California. This is not a rhetorical flourish, but is literally true, and could 
be easily demonstated, were "tie play worth the candle." The of 
this narrative will furnish some suggestive illustrations of this truth. 

1731. St. Mark's Parish now begins its independent career at Germanna,with- 
out a shepherd to i^eek after the flock scattered in the wilderness bounded by 
the Blue Mountains, whi(;h look so enchanting in the distance, when their 
summits are lighted by the setting sun. There were three churches in the 
new parish— one of them at Germanna, one in the Little Fork, and one in the 
R. W. Mountain, in the neighborhood of Messrs. James Barbour and Benjamin 
Cave, vestrymen. For the several years in which they had no pa.stor the 
vestry employed occasionally the Rev. Mr. De Butts and the Rev. Mr. Puvit, 
two adventurers who were seeking parishes, and paid them three hundred 
jiouikIh of toljacco per sermon. 

In the absence of regular ministers, the churches and chapels were served 
by I^y readers, or clerks, as they were then called, whom the vestries soem to 
have preferred to inefficient clergymen. The vestry went vigorously to work, 
l)y ordering the churches to be repaired and vestry-houses built ; buying f.vo 
hundred acres of land for a glebe, of Win. Asliley; contracting for a giel-ke- 

house, with all the appurtenances of barns, stables, meat houses, dairies &e. 
William Peyton was made Laj' Reader at the Little Fork; John McMurth had 
the double oflHee of clerk and sexton at Germanna ; and William Phillips and 
Dave Cave, alternating clerks at the Southwest Mountain Chapel. The 
churchwardens settled with the old vestry of St. George's and bought parish 
books. The parish lines were surveyed. Zachery Lewis was chosen as tVieir 
attorney. Robert Turner was made collector of tithes. A. Chambers was en- 
gaged to keep the church clean at Germanna; John Carder to do the same of- 
fice at the Fork, and William Stevenson at the Mountain Chapel. Col. Waller 
was employed to bring up a copy of the oaths of allegiance to the 
British Crown, and of conformity to the Church of England, and the test 
oath against Popery— all of which the vestry had to take. Some idea may be 
formed of the state of the country, from the fact that Augustine Smith, Jr., 
was paid 200 pounds of tobacco for piloting the minister to the Mountain 
Chapel, which was not far from Cave's Ford in Orange. 

The vestry seem too, to have been animated by a laudable spirit of church 
extension. AVithin two j^ears (1732-1733) two churches and two chapels were 
projected. The first church was seated on what is now the road from Ger- 
manna to Stevensburg, " convenient to the springs above Major Finlason's 
path." This church, or one on the same site, was standing within the mem- 
ory of men now living, and was used by the venerable Mr. Woodville. It is 
called, in the vestrybook, the Lower or Great Fork Church. Mr. Spotswood, 
of Orange Grove, now in his 77th year, says he remembers when the Spots- 
woods, Gordons, Grymes, and Tiioi r.tons, near Germanna, used to attend this 
cliurch. The other chui-ches were built " convenient to the Southwest Moun- 
, tain road, on the first run below the chapel;" and John Lightfoot and 
John Rucker were ordered " to pitch on the place near to some good 
spring." This was the old church near Ruckersville, in the county of 
Greene. Its age is left uncertain in Rev. Mr. Ernest's interesting article on 
St. Thomas's Parish in Bishop Meade"s " Old Churches, &c." The old minis- 
ter who first preached in this church, and whom Mr.Ernest could not identity, 
was either De Butts or Becket; both of whom were discharged by the vestry 
of St. Mark's. The first place of worship on the Southwest Mountain 
was a chapel, which James Barbour and Benjamin Cave undertook '• to 
have kept clean." At the chapel, De Butts preached untij 1783, at whieh 
date I lind this entry in the vestry book-^"Ordered, that the Rev. Mr. De 
Butts be paid 9000 pounds of tobacco for thirty sermons." In December, 
1733, a new chapel was ordered, only twenty feet square, at Batley's, or Brad- 
ley's Quarter, "convenient to the best spring that Benjamin Cave can find," 
Rev. Mr. De Butts, who had been employed by thk skrmox, was now dis- 
charged, and St. Mark's had its first elected minister in the Rev. John Becket. 
May 11, 1733, "ordered, the Rev. J. Becket, being recommended by the Gov- 
ernoi- and Commissary, be entertained as Minister of the Parish; and tha^t Ite 
7receive the glebe and what is on it, and the house when finished, and be paid 
■ as the law directs; and that he preach at the Southwest Chap«?)l every other 
Sunday until further orders." At the next vestry (1733) it was ordered that the 
churchwai-dens offer the Hon. Col Alexander Spotswood the choice of a seat 
for himself and family in the church outhe G rmanna road. In 1730, Major G. 
Lightfoot was ordered to wait on Major John Taliaferro, to bring up the sur- 
plice for Germanna Church. It was also ordered that the church be painted 
•and tarred,and that S. Wright put four barrel Is of tar on the roof of the glebe- 
house. 1735 it was ordered that "a chapel of ease" be erected and buJlt be- 


tween Shaw's Mountain and the Devil's Run and the river; and that Francis 
Slaughter, Robert Green, and Henry Field, gentlemen, "pitch on the place 
most convenient to the best spring that they can find, on one of the brandies 
of the run or river." Our fathers kept as close to the rivers as if they had been 
amphibiou8,and kept as sharp a look-out for a good cool spring as Arabs do in 
the desert. They had ladles chained to the church-springs, and were careful 
to have good framed horse-blocks and bridle-hooks for those who went to 

church EN CAVALIER. 

Up to 1734-5, St. Mark's Parish was in Spotsylvania. At that date Spotsyl- 
vania was divided by the line between St. George's and St. Mark's Parishes. 
Spotsylvania was limited to St. George's Parish. All above that line, . bound- 
ed southei-ly by old Hanover county, and to the north by the Lord Fairfax 
grant (the Rappahannock river), and westerly by the utmost limits of Virgin- 
ia, was made the county of Orange In 1738 John Catlett was added to the 
vestry in the place of Goodrich Lightfoot deceased. The Rev. J. Becket now 
came to grief for some scandalous conduct, and was discharged. In 1739 the 
churchwardens were instructed to agree with Mr. McDaniel to serve the pa- 
rish, or with some other minister, except mr. beckett. In 1738, Augusta and 
Frederick counties and parishes were separated from Orange and St. Mark's, 
by a line from the head-spring of Hedgeman's river to the head-spring of the 
Potomac, to take effect when there were people enough in the Valley for 
erecting courts of justice; and in the meantime, the people there were exempt- 
ed from levies by Orange and St. Mark's. In 1740, St. Mark's was divided by a 
line from the Wilderness bridge up the mountain road, to the head of Russel 
Ruu; thence down the said run to the river Rapidan; thence up the Rapidan 
to the Robinson river; thence along the ridge, between the Robinson and Rapi- 
dan, to the top of the Blue R dge. All north of said line to retain the name 
of St. Mark's, and all south of said bounds to be the new Parish of St. Thomas.^^ 
This division threw the Southwest Mountain Church and Chapel into St. 
Thomas; and with them Messrs. James Barbour and Benjamin Cave vestry- 
men. William Triplett and William Russell were elected to fill the vacancies. 
We now rea(^h the incumbence of the_first respectable minister in St. Mark's 

June 10th, 1740. Under this date is the following entry in the Register: — 
"At a vestry in the vestry hous6 at the Fork : it is ordered, that the Rev. 
John Thompson, being recommended by the Governor and Commissary, 
we do entertain him as Minister of oiu' parish; and that he be paid as the law 
directs.'' Mr. Thompson was a Master of Arts of the University of Edinburgh- 
He had been ordained Deacon by the Bishop of St. David's in the yeai-of 1734, 
at Westminster; and Priest in November of the same year, in the Chapel Roy- 
al of St. James. It must have been very pleasant to the gentlemen of the 
vestry and of the parish, to have exchanged the former disreputable incumbent 
for the accomplished gentleman. It seems also to have been agreeable to one 
the ladies of the parish(if one may venture to say so, after all parties hav^ ' 
been so long dead) ; for the new minister was not only a scholar and a litei-ary 
gentleman, but he was a very handsome man. The vestry testified their 
pleasure by ordering a study to be added to the glebe-house and the widow of 
Governor Spotswood presented a velvet cloth and cushioii to the church iu 
1741; and on the 9th of Noveml)er, 1742, she vowed to obey and to serve him 
in the holy estate of matrimony. Governor Spotswood's cj^stle at Germanna, 
with its fair commander, did not surrender to the consummate address of the 
clerical beseiger without a severe struggle, as the following letter will testify. 

I procured the oriji-inal of this letter from Mrs. Murray Forlx's of Falnioutli. a 
liueal (lesceudant of Mr. and Mrs. Thompson, and i)ul)lishod it for the first 
time in my history of St. Georfre's P;irish. from whence it wa.-? copied by Bish- 
op Meade in his "Old Churches and Families." Mrs. Spotswood's chihh'cn 
and connections were so o])])osed to the match that slie befrged to be released' 
from her en^^-aiiemcnt. and was answ ered thus: 


Hv diliyentJv ix'rusiny: your letter. 1 see that there is a material .".rtrument. 
which 1 ous?ht to have answered, upon which vour stron^rest objpctif)n to eoui- 
])!etiny' my haPDiness seems to depi'iid, viz.: That you would incur ye cen- 
sures of y«> world for marryintr a person of my station: bv which I understand 
that you think it a diminution of vour honour and ve dijTTiity of your family 
to mf rry a person in the statif)n of a clert>yman. Now, if I can make it a])- 
]iear that the ministerial oflHce is an employment in its nature ye most honor- 
able, and in its effects ve most beneficial to mankind, I hope yovir objections 
will immediately vanish. }~f you will keep me no lonjrer in Rus])ense and miserv, 
but '">i)sum'uate my hap]iiness. 1 make no doubt. Madam, but yt ' ou will 
le.adilv ijrant yt no man can be emploved in any work mo7"e honorable than what 
immediately relates to the Kinu' of kinc's aiul Lord of lords, and to ve salva- 
tion of souls immortal in their nature and redr-emed by ye blood of the Son of 
God. The i)owers committed to their care cainiot be exercised by ye urreat'^st 
princes of earth, and it is ye same work in kind and ye same in ye desiern of it 
with yf of the blessed ana-els. who ai-e ministeri'pr spirits for those who shall 
be heirs of .salvation. It is ye same business yt ye Son of God dischared wiieu 
lie condescended to dwell amont; men, Avhich ens:a2:es men in ye greatest acts 
of dointr srood in turning sinners from tlie errors of their wav. and T)y all wise 
and prudent means in jrainintr souls unto God. And the faithful and dib's'ent 
discharyp of this lioly function g-ives a title to ye highest dejjfree of priory in the 
next world; for they y' be wise shall shine as ye briij-htness of ye firmament, 
and thev y^ turn many to rifjhteousness as the stars forever. 

All nations, whether learned or ignorant, whether civil or barbarous, have 
ayreed to this, as a dictate of natural reason, to express their reverence for t^>" 
Deity and their affectiop tVu- relis-ion, by l)estowintr extraordinary privilesres of 
honour upon such as administer in holy tliiufis, and bv ]5rovidiny: liberally for 
tlieir maintenance. And that ye honour du(> to the holy function flows from 
\e law of nature appears from hence, yt in the earliest times the civil and 
saci-ed -•inthoi-ity were united in ye same ])erson. Thus Melchisedech was 
Kin'r and Priest '>f Salem, and amone: ve Egyptians ye priesthood was joined 
with ve crown I. The (-rreeks accounted the priesthood witli equal di2;nitv with 
kintrship. wliich is taken notice of l)y Aristotle in several places of his Politicks. 
Amotiii- the I,atins we have a testimony from Virtril yt at ye same time iKneas 
Avas I)otli Priest and King-. Nay, IMoses, who was Prince of Israel V)efore Aaron 
was consecrated, officiated as Priest in ye solemn sacrifice by which ye cove- 
nant with Israel was confirmed. And ye i)rimitive Christians always exjjressed 
a mighty value and esteem for their clerjj:y, as ])lainly appears, from ecclesi- 
astical history. And even in our days, as Ijad as ye world is, those of ye clergy 
wlio lived up to ye dignity of their profession are generally reverenced and 
esteemed bv all religious and well-disposed men. From all which it evidently 
'appears y/; in all ages and nations of ye world, whether Jew^s, Heathens or 
Christians, great honour and dignity have always been conferred upon the 
dergv. And therefore, dear Madam, from hence you may infer how absurd 
and ridiculous those gentlemen^ notions are who would fain persuade you yf 
marrving with ye clergy ye would derogate from ye honour and dignity of 
your family, whereas, iii strict reasoning, the cont -ary thereof would appear, 
ivud v' it would verv much tend to support the honour and dignity of it. Of 
tliis I hope you will be better convinced when you consider the titles of hon- 
our and respect that are given to those who are invested with ye ministerial 
functions, as are amply displayed in ye Scriptures. Those invested with that 
character are called the ministers of "Christ, ye stewards of the mysteries of 
(rod. to whom thev have committed the word of reconciliation— ye glory of 
Christ, ambassadors of Christ in (^hrisfs stead, co-workers with him. Angels of 
the churches. And then it is moreover declared that whosoever desjiiseth 
them dospiseth not man, but.God. All which titles shew that upon manv 
accounts they stand called, appropriated to God himself . And therefore if a 


{fentleinan of this sacretl and honorable character should he married to a lady 
thouj?h of ye tjreatest e.\tractif)n and most excellent personal quality (which I 
am sensible you are endowed with), it can be no disjjrace to her nor her fami- 
ly, nor draw ye censures of ye world upon them, for such an action. And, 
t^ierefore, dear Madam, your ar^rument beinj; refuted, you can no longer con- 
sistently refuse to consummate my happiness. 


May, 1742. 

A reconciliation was eflfected between Mr. Thompson and Mi-s. Spotts- 
wood"s fau)ily some years afterwards, by the kind offices of that remarkable 
man. Kev. K., who was one of Governor Sjwttswood's executoi"s, and had 
iiuicli to do with his estate, and with his widow and children after Governor 
Spotswood's death, wliich hapj)ened in 1740, at Annapolis, on his way to com- 
mand the army against Carthagena. Mr. Rose, in his journal speaks of hav- 
ing visited Mr. Thompson in Culpeper, as he seems to have done every other 
man of note in the colony. Mr. Rose's journal, a great desidei-atum to anti- 
quaries, and which was snppo.sed to have been lost, was seen by Bishop Meade 
in the possession of Mr. Henry Carter of Caroline, and is now in possession of 
Mr. Brock, of Richmond.* 

[*Since writing the aliove I have been permitted by the kindness of Mr. 
Brock to make the following extract from Mr. Rose's journal:] 

"1740, Feb. 18, I set out for (iermanna, called at Capt. Taliaferro's, lodged 
at New Post. 

"l!)th, went in the rain towards Germanna; met Mrs. Spottswood Dand- 
ridge and Isaac Campbell, who waited for us at the Bridge quarter; got to Ger- 
manna at night. 20th, spent in settling sundry accounts. 21st, went at night 
to Major Finlason's. 22d, went to church, heard Mr. Thompson preac^h on the 
words, "Your life is hid with Christ in God." went to the Glebe. 28d, settled 
I hoi)e all differences in the family, and laid a ))lan for preventing any. 24th, 
came early to Germanna, where found Col. B. Moore and his lady: settled Mr. 
Thompson's account with some others. 20th, went from New Post to see Mr. 
Henger's plantation." 

The next few yeai-s are rather barren of known incidents. The following 
small items from the parish register serve to fill the gap. (1741) (xoodrieh 
Lightfuot came into the vestry, took the oath of allegiance, signed the test, 
and subscribed to be conformed to the doctrine and discipline of the Chvirch 
of Engla»i(l, in the place of Thomas Stanton, deceased. (1742) Ordered, that 
notice be given in church and chapt I that a vestry will meet first Monday in 
March, to ^»lace a church convenient to the inhabitants of the upper part of 
the parish, and that workmen come and agree for building the same. At a 
vestry held in Tenant's old field, a contract was made with J. Kincaid to build 
a church fifty-eight by twenty-four feet. Benjamin Roberts is chosen vestry- 
man in place of Captain William Triplett, removed. Robert Slaughter pla(re.s 
a dial at the church door. (174:5) Vestry contracted with J. Eve for an addi- 
tion to Little Fork Church. (1744) "Ordered, that the Rev. .J. Thompson erect, 
fabricate, and build {.nc) divers additions to the Glebe house." William Peyton 
is directed to view the church three times. (1745) Captain Abraham Field 
chosen vestryman, in place of F. Kirtley, removed, and Philip Clayton in" place 
of John ('atlett, deceased. (1746) B. Roberts and Coleman Brown are lay readers 
at the two churches, James Pendleton at the chapel, and Thomas Dillard at 
the Little Fork (1747) Robert Slaughter vestryman, in i)lace of Major Finla- 
•son, deceased. f)r. James (xibbs is paid "for doing his best to cure the widow 
George." (1748) At this date Oratjge was divided, and the county of Culpep- 
er (comprising what is now Madison, Rai)pahannock and (Udpeper) wa^ formed. 
It was named after one ol the i)roprietors of the Northern Neck, Lord Culpej)- 
er, from whom it descended to Jiord Fairfax, who married his daughter. The 
original countyof (Udpeper covered all the "debatable land" between the 


Crown of England and Lord Fairfax east of the Blue Ridge, and was for a long 
time the .s«bjeet of a very curious Controversy, a synopsis of which will be 
found in tiie next chapter. 


1748. Culpeper county begins its career on historical ground. Its terri- 
tory originally embracing what is now Culpeper, Madison and Rappahannock, 
was the subject of a protracted controversy, involving the title to several mil- 
lion acres of land. The entire tract of land "within the heads of the rivers 
Tappahannock, alias Rappahannock, and Quirough, or Potomac, the courses 
of those rivers, and the Bay of Chesapayoak, &c.,"' was granted at different 
times, by Kings Charles I. and II.. to Lord Hopton, the Earl of St. Albans, 
and others, and subsequently l)y King James to Lord Culpeper, who had pur- 
chased the rights of the other parties. Lord Fairfax, who married the daugli- 

, ter of Lord Culpeper, became the proprietor of this princely domain, common- 
ly known as the Northern Neck. In 1705 Grovernor Nott, of Virginia, in the 
name of the King,granted 1920 acres of land to Henry Beverly, in the forks of the 
North and South branches of the Rappahannock River. Robert Cartel', com- 
monly known as King Carter, who was Fairfax's agent, objected to the grant, 
as being within the limits of Lord Fairfax's grant. The question then arose 
whether"the South (the Rapidan) or the North branch of the Rappahannock 
was the chief stream. The Rapidan, named after the English Queen, contest- 
ed the supremacy of the Indian Rappahannock. The Governor and Council 
of Virginia appointed commissioners to meet those of Fairfax, and survey the 
said rivers. The joint commission reported in 1700 that the streams seemed to 
be of ecpial magnitude. In 173:^ Lord Fairfax complained to the King that 
l)atents had been gi-anted, in the name of the Crown, in the disputed territi 
ry. Mr. Carter himself, the agent of Fairfax, had taken grants from the 
( 'rown, to two tracts within the forks of the Rappahannock River. The King 
in council, ordered the (Tovernor of Virginia to appoint another commission. 
( )n the part of tlie Crown he appointed William Byrd, of AVestover, John Rol)- 
inson, of Piscataway, Essex county, and John (irymes, of Brandon, Middlesex 
county, Virginia. The commissioners of Fairfax were Charles Carter, William 
B«M-kley and William Fairfax. Omitting the survey of the Potomac, as out - 
siile of our subject, we confine ourselves to the survey of the Rapidan. Mr. 
(iraeme, with Mr. Hume as assistant, was commissioned on the part of the 
(^rown, and Mr. Thomas on the part of Lord Fairfax, "to survey and measure 
the South Branch of the Rappahannock (the Rapidan,) from the fork to the 

■ head spring, and return an exact map of the same, and describe all the runs 
and creeks that run into it." Colonel Byrd says:— "While we stayed at Fred- 
ericksburg we lodgcl at Colonel Henry Willis's, but kept a magnificent table 
at the ordinary, and entertained all gentlemen who came to visit us, which 
Avere man>-. We then went to the fork of the river, and found the North 
branch to be wider by three poles and nine links, though it was objected by 
my Lord's Commissioners that the South was made narrower by an island 
that runs along the south shore. We carried a surloin of beef from Colonel 
(barter's, and picked it as clean as a pack of wolves would those of a wounded 
deer. The same gentleman furnished us with strong beer, but forgot to bring 
a vessel to drink it from. However, Ave supplied that want with the shell of a 
poor terrapin, which we destroyed, as Henry VIII. did Cardinal Wolsey, for 
the sake of his house. AVe then proceeded to Grermantown, where (governor 
t^notswood received us very courteously, and lest we should have lorgotten 
the ba».tles of Marl lorough, he fought them all over again, for the nine-and- 


fortieth time. There we took the dispositions of Taliaferro, Tliornton, and 
Russell, as follows: — John Taliaferro, freiitlemaii. agred forty-nine years, beiny: 
Biiiumoned, saith: — "About the year 1707 he eatne to live where he now lives, 
above Snow Creek, nine^ miles below the falls, and there were then but throe 
settlements above his house, on the south side of the river. He had been ac- 
quainted with the fork of the river above twenty-four years, and that one of 
the forks was ealled South River until (rovernor S])ottswood, about twenty 
years a^t), named the soutli ])raneh Rapidan, and it has eversinee been so fvil - 
ed." Francis Thornton, of Caroline,^ed fifty-three years and up- 
wards, beinj^ sworn, declared: — "About thirty years atjo he came to dwell wl)ere 
he now lives, oti the lower side of Snow Creek, and there were but two settle- 
ments above his house, the upi)ermost of which was about four miles below 
the Falls. He had been acquainted with the forks of the river about twenty- 
seven years, and that one was called the South and the other the North 
Hranch." "William Russel, aped fifty-six years, I;eiiip sworn saith:- "He has 
known the Great Fork of the Rapj^ahannock River t!iirty-tive years as a hun- 
ter, and one of the branches was always called South River until he heard 
Governor Si)ots\vood name South River Rapidan, and the other river has 
been called Rai)paliannock; that the upjiermost settlement thirty years af?o 
was Montjoy's tobacco house, now Colonel Carter's quarter, on the nortli side 
of the river; that he saw some posts of the house on Mott's land, three or tour 
miles above the Falls, which was said to have been burned by the Indians near 
thirty years aj^o." 

On the 8d of August. 1780, the Kingc's Commissioners met at Williamsburg. 
Major Mayo attended with an eleisrant map, delineating: clearly the branches 
of the Rappahannock up to their sources, and with coi^ies of their field- aotes. 
Th.! comun'.ssiouers of the King: mile their rei)ort. Lord Fairfax took the 
report of his connuissioners to Knuland with him, and pot the matter referred 
to the Lords of Trade, to report all the facts and their opinion to the Lords of 
the Committee of Council. ^All the reports and papers were laid before the lat- 
ter. The (juestion was ar^Mied by able counsel: and without j^oiuf? int«) fur- 
ther details, let it suffice to say, that it was finally decided in favor of lv)rd 
Fairfax: making that branch of the Rapidan, called the Conway, the head- 
stream of the Rapjjahannock River, and the southern boundary of the North- 
ern Neck; and thus adding the orifjinal county of Culpeper to the princely jilan- 
tiition of Lord Fairfax. The Raj.idan, named after an English Queen, prevail- 
ed over the Indian Rappahannock. Queen Ann's name and reiixu are })erpetu- 
ated in Rajjidan. North and Soutli Anna, Fluvanna, Rivanna. (Tcrmanna. &<•. 
Authorities differ as to the orthojjraf)hy of the name of the river in question. 
Many si)ell it Rai^id Ann: and yet in the proceediufrs of the commissioners for 
settlin}; the boundaries of the Northern Neck, and throughout Hennin,i>"s Stat- 
utes a^ 'ar^e, it always has the form Rapiddan or Rapidan. The decision re- 
ferred ti.' was ratified by the formal assent of the (leneral Assembly, and by 
the authority of the hijjhest Judicial tribunals. 

174!). William (ireen is chosen vestryman in the i)lace of Capt. Robert 
CJn'eii. (U'ceased. The county of (.'ulpeper was now honored by the presence 
and services of (leorpe Washiuf^ton in the humble oHice of County Surveyor. 
The marri:i«e of his l)rother Lawrence vvith Miss Fairfax made him known to 
the i»roprietor of the Northern Neck, who ■■rave him the ai)pointment of Sur- 
veyt»r. In 1748 he was c'luployed in the valley of the Shenandoah. His com- 
pensation w;is a <loui)Io(ni ($7. 'JO) a day. In the foUowinj? year he was maJe a 
• iiblic surveyor l)y the I'resident of William and Mary Collefie; and in th,, 
lunvy ('oiirt ol ( iilpepcr wc liud the following recorvl: 


July 20th. 1T41). "(ioor^c Wasliiiijitoii, ^t'lith'iiiaii, i^rodiu-cJ ;i i-oumiis- 
sion from the President of William and Mary Collcjce, appointing him Survey- 
or of this county, which Avas received; and thereupon took the usual oaths to 
his Majesty's person and government: and took and sul">scril>ed the abjuration 
oath and test, and then took the oath of surveyor, according to law." 

Washington was now in his seventeenth year, and continued in otiice three 
years. As no one had the sagacity to see the undeveloped germs of greatness 
winch lay Jiid in this unfledged youth, his daily life passed without special ob- 
servation. Had it been otherwise, we should in all probability h.ive found, in 
<uir old parish register, the record that he was the surveyor wlio laid off our 
glebes and sites of clnirches, and ran some of our parish lines. 

IToO. A "chapel of ease" was ordered at the Little Fork, and the vestry 
agreed to meet at or near the old nnister-field at the forks of the road, to 
choose the site, and contract with Thomas Brown to undertake it. 

IT.')!. Thomas Slaughter is chosen vestryman in i)lace of Robert Slaugh- 
tei', Jr., removed from the parish; and James Pendleton in place of (-ajit. Hall, 
deceased, (rabriel Jones is jiaid 200 pounds tobacco for attorney's fees. Dr. 
Thomas Howison lOOO jiounds tobacco for medical attendance on the poor, and 
Wm. Peyton 200 pounds tobacco for processioning lands. 

1T.")2. St. Mark's Parish is again divided by tlie Meander or Crooked Run, 
falling into the Robinson River, up to Col. John Spotts wood's corner on that 
run, thence by his line, north 38 .degrees e;i:st to Bloodsworth's road, then by a 
straight line to Crooked Run, a branch of the north fork of the (lourdvine 
River, where the main road called Duncan's, crosses the said run, thenc;e by 
said run up to the head thereof; thence~to the head of White Oak Run, thence 
l)y that run down to the North River. All below that line except so' 
much as lies in the county of Orange, to be one distinct parish, and retain the 
name of St. Mark's; and all above said bounds, together with so much of St. 
Thomas as lies in Cnlpeper, which is hereby added to and made part of the 
same, by another distinct parish, and called Bromlield (see 0th Henning 2o(». i 
As this division threw Teniumt's Church into the Parish of Bromfield, the 
church wardens were ordered to provide benches or seats in the court-house 
for the accommodation of so much of that congregation as remained in St. 
Mark's. This gives the date of the first cluu-ch services held at (.'ulpeper 
Courthouse. The churchwadens were also ordered to api)ly to the surveyor 
to run the lines between the parishes, and Henry Field and Philip (Mayton 
were directed to attend the surveyor wlieii running these lines. ^Ir. Brown 
was also ordered to remove the materials for the intended chapel in the Little 
Fork, and to erect a church, instead of a chapel, witli them, on a ridge be 
tween Freeman's [This Freeman was the grandfather of Mrs. Waller Yager. 
His father and Major Easthani came from Gloucester county, and were among 
The early settlers in what is now Culpeper. Mrs. Yager's father was one of the 
lirst members of liittle Fork (Church. His father owned a large body of land 
there. He died in the !)()th year of his age, leaving live sons and four daught- 
ers.] Mill Run and the river, in the edge of Freeman's old field— the church to 
be ceiled with plank instead of clapl)oads. and to have wainscot instead of 
plani pews, in the l)est manner. A new church was also ordered upon Col. 
Spotsw.ood's land, near the cool spring above John Lea veil's, on or near Buck 
Run. The present writer well remembers to have seen, in his boyhood, the 
relics of the burying-gnnmd of this old church, which stood in a grove upon 
the hill, above and across Bm-k Run froju the dwelling where old Capt. Moore 
then resided, and (.'apt. John Stro^ther now lives. 

17.");} to 17")7. Some of the leaves of the vestry book have been torn out, 
leaving a gap in the record from 17."i:; to 17.")7. which Bishop Meade has passed 


ovei-. I propose to fill that icup from the folio, which is entire, unci with inev- 
itable inferences from other known facts. One of these inferences is, that 
thei-e was a (^hurch at Mount Pony. The ground of this inference is the fact 
that an appropriation had been made for a church at that place in l"y2\~ and 
one of Mr. Thompson's manuscript sermons (.still extant) is endorsed as having- 
been preached at Mount Poney Church some years after. 

The names of the foUowinj? ])ersons appear in a record before me as havint? 
served in a; campaif?n ajjainst the French and Indians about this date, viz.. 
Col. Robert Slaufjfhter, J>ieut.-Col. AVm. Russell, Capt. Wm. Brown, ('ai>t. Jno. 
^trother, Lieut. John Field, Lieut. Wm. Slauffhtef, Mai'tin Nalle, Wm. Nalle, 
Charles Yancey, Wm. Lightfoot, Reuben Long:, Thomas Slaugrhter, William 
Robertson, Wm. Yager, Henry (raines, Henry Stringfellow, and Wm. Roberts. 
All these names have their representatives still in Culpeper, and they are re- 
[)rodu<*ed as items of interest to their descendants. Robert Slaughter, Robert 
Coleman, Daniel Brown, Philip Roote-i, R^ul)en V>i^!i% Jtiid Wm. Williams, are 
spoken of as l>eiug neighbors. Dr. MicMiael Wallace jjresented an actnjunt to 
the vestry for 8(X> i>ounds of toba(M*o, for curing Eliza Maddox. Daniel Brown, 
James Spillmiin, and Henry Field, are credited with services rendered; and C. 
Hutchens is allowed 100 pounds tobacco for grubbing the churchyard at Little 

1757. The vestrj^ met at the vestry -house, and the folloAving gentlemen 
were present: — Rev. Mr. Thompson, minister; Wm. Lightfoot, Robert C-rreen. 
(ioodrich Lightfoot, Wm. Green, Jas. Pendleton, Francis Slaughter, Robert 
Slaughter, Philii) Clayton, Benj. RoV)erts and Henry Field. Jomes Pendleton 
was continued as Clerk (ijay Reader) of Little Fork ("hurch; Nat. Pendleton, 
Clerk of the Lower ('hurch, Richard Young, Clerk of Buck Run Church, and 
Wm. Peyton, Clerk of the Vestry. The churchwardens were directed to pro- 
A'ide two new surplices and two pi'ayer-books for the use of the parish. Col. 
Wm. (ireen and Col. Wm. Rus.sell were made church wardens for the en- 
suing year, and Robert Eastham vestryman, in place of Thomas Stubblefield, 
deceased. Divei-s poor and infirm persons were exempted from paying parish 
levy, and a)>propriations were made for the support of all poor and disabled 
]>eoj)le. Last Monday in November. 1757, vestry met at the new church on 
Buck Run. H. Field reported that he had paid the (pxit-rents for the gleixt 
and church for 1755-5^. Thomas Covington was i)Hid for tarring the church, 
grubbing the yard, and making the lK)rse-block at Buck Run. 

1758. Dec. 1st. Robert Eastham and Rol)ert Gn^en churchwardens for 
the ensuing year. Thos. Slaughter and Anthony (iarnett made vestrymen, in 
place of Wm. Stubblefield, deceased, and Wm. jjightfoot, removed out of th." 
])arish. James IVndleton, Sheriff gave bond and security as collector of par- 
ish levy. 

1751). In February, Act of the (Teneral Assembly establislied the town 
of Fairfax, on a "high and pleasant situation in the county of Culpeper, where 
the courthouse now stands;" and set apart thirty acres of Robert Coleman's 
land, to be laid off into lots and streets by the trustees. Thomas Slaughter. 
Wm. (Treen, Philip Clayton, Nat Pendleton, and Wm. Williams. This land 
was held by Benjamin Davis, lessee of Coleman, who was permitted to hold 
his houses, and have one fifth of his rent deducted. Hen<u^ the name of Davis 
and Coleman Streets. Nov. 2t5th, 175i), payments were made to William Rus- 
sell, R. D. Parks, J. M. Tackett, Charles Morgan, and J. Carnager, R. Wright 
and Joseph Newman, for providing for certain poor persons. Thomas Slaugh 
ter and Anthony Garnett made churchwardens lor ensuing year. 

I7r.l. Sept. 1st. an addition to Little Fork Church, :!'2 feet long and '.'i 


feet wiile.was orclered. Tlios. Covington, with Lewis Davis Yancey as his securi- 
ty.firave his bond to build it for 100 pounds. Nov. 1761, the usual annual appro- 
])riations for the poor were made. 1500 pounds tobacco were ordered to be sold 
out of the depositum for cash, to pay 100 pounds to Covinjiton for additions to 
Little Fork Church. Goodrich Lightf'oot and Wni. Williams were chosen 
churchwardens tor the enstiin^ year, and John Cxreen collector. 

lT(t2. Sept. 1st. Wm. l^ollard was elected clerk of the Lower C'hui-ch. 
An order of Hroullield Parish Ijeiny- exhibited by Ambrose PoAvell and Martin 
Xalle, jj^entlcmcn of tiie vestry of said parish, to join them in the division of 
the two parishes, it is ordeVed that the san)e lie for the further consideration 
of the vestry. From this entry it would seem that although the two parishes 
had been separated for ten years, the parish lines had not been run. Dec. 
18th, 176:;', at a vestry at Little Fork Church the usual routine business was gone 
through, and Henry Field and Benjamin Roberts made churchwardens for the 
ensuine: year. 

1768 April Sth, Wm. Ball was chosen vestryman in the room of .James 

Pendleton, deceased, and Henry Field, Jr., in the i^lace of Henry F'ield, Sr., 
j-esignod, Philip Clayton was chosen to succeed Henry Field as clinrchward 

Doc. U)th, "Wm. Ball, and Henry Field, Jr., having in the court of Culjje;;- 
er taken the oath to his Majesty, and subscribed the test, and in the vestry 
subscribed to be conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the Church 
of England as by law established, took their placesas vestrymen accordingly.'' 
The above entry is more circumstantial than usual, but it only descril)es in de- 
tail what always took place when a new vestrvman Avas qualified. Wm. Ball 
and Henry Field made churchwardens for the ensuing year. 550'> lbs. of to- 
bacco were set apart for rei)airing the Lower Church, and 8000 ll)s. for paying 
allowances to the poor. 

1764. Nov. 19th, approju-iated to Thos. Covington, in full satisfaction 
for repairing the church, vestry-house, dial-post, stand and six benches, 700 
lbs. of tobacco, he having already received H.oOO lbs. 

The Rev. Mr. Thomjjson having represented to the A^estry that the glelx'- 
land of this parish^is insufficient to furnish timlaer, tire-Avood and fences, the 
vestry do order tliat a jietition be i)resented to the General Assembly for an 
act enabling the vestry to sell the glebe and purchase another in lieu 
thereof. Mr. T!K>m])son having asked for leave to build a gallery in LoAver 
Church for the use of his family, the A^estry consent, provided the lf)wer part 
of the gallery V)e al)OA'e the AvindoAvs and not inconA'enient to any part of the 
ciiurch, exciept the back pew, in which the stairs are to be carried up. John 
<jreen and Robert Green are a])pointed churchAvardens. 

17(ir). NoA'. 2(!th, the usnal routine business being dispatched, the vestry 
adjourned to meet at Fi-ederick Zimmerman's on the 17th December. 

Dec. 17th, ordered, that the churchwardens agree with Avorkmen to build 
a house at Buck Run C^hnrch, and another at the Fork Church, each V2 feet 
wide and 16 feet long. Avell framed and covered with shingles free from sap, 
Aveather-boarded with feather-edged plank, underjunned with brick or stone 18 
inches from the surface of the earth, a brick or stone chimneA' to each, sash 
wfndoAvs to each Avith eight lights of glass 8 by 10 inches, with a plank floor 
above and below. We giA'e the style of these houses iii detail because they are 
spei^imens of the vestry-houses of that day, and illustrate some other points. 
James Slaughter and Jam?s Pendleton Avere elected vestrymen in the room of 
Francis Slaughter, gentleman, deceased, and Thos. Slaughter, who had re- 
mo 'ed from the parish, (loodrich Lightfoot and William Williams chnrch- 


w anions lor nt'.vt yt'Jir. 

irtii). Nov. 17, Saiiniel ('layton chosen vestryman in room of Major Plii- 
li|) Clayton. Benjamin Roberts and James l\'n(lleton made chnrchwardens for 
next year, and appropriations for eurrent expenses. 

17(57. Nov. 24tli, James 81aufi:hter and Samuel Clayton eluircliwardens. 
Samuel Cla-ton. Jr., in liehalf of the con<?ret;atJon of Hnck Kun Church, mov- 
ed that K. Youn^ be removed from beinjr reader at said church, and said 
Yount^is ordered to answer the complaint on tlie 18tli of December. Mr. 
Y'ount,' soon after came into the vestry and resigned. The cause of complaint 
is not stated. 

17(».s. February •j:>d, an addition to Buck Run Clnuvh, twenty-eiji'ht feet 
wide and three feet long, sill.s, sleei)ers, posts and braces all of oak, and under- 
]>inned witii brick or stone, is ordered: and (Japtain William l^rown beinjr the 
lowest bidder at 11,. lOO lbs. of tobacco, it is let to him ui)on his entering into 
bond with security that it be done in a workman-like mannei-, and linished by 
()<*tober of the ensuing year. 

November 23d, James Pendleton and G. Lightfoot churchwardens for the 
ensuing year, and Cadwallader Slaughter apijointed vestryman in place of 
Robert Slaughter, deceased. 

1770. Jieave is given to Samuel Henning to build a gallery in Buck Run 
Church at his own expense. The wardens are instructed to advertise the 
glebe for sale in the Virginia Gazette, and to buy a more convenient site for a 
glebe. The glebe was sold to Samuel Henning for one hundred and ninety- 
nine pounds current money. Goodrich Lightfoot and others report that they 
had viewed several tracts of land, and that Fi'ancis Slaughter's or (xeorge (Jat- 
letfs was the most convenient for a glebe. The vestry adjourned to meet at 
J^awrence CatletCs and decide upon the site. John Green vestrynmn in the 
room of William Green, deceased. 

November, the vestry this day bought three hundred acres of the tract on 
which Francis Slaughter lives (Fr.mcis Slaughter owned a large tract of land, 
including,' the old glebe tract, near what is now called Brandy Station, I and 
a<lj()iniiig the land of Reuben Slaughter and Cadwallader Slaughter, gentle- 
men, for l'.)!j |K)unds in money and 10, UOO pounds of tobacco. An overseer's 
house," a quarter, a barn and a corn-house are ordered to be bnilt on the glebe 
imnipd lately. 

1771. \t a vestry at l^iu-k Run ('hurch, French Strother, gentleman, 
and John (iray, gentleman, are made vestrymen, in place of Goodrit^h Light- 
foot and Heiny Field, gentlemen, removed from the parish. Philii) Pendleton 
is made clerk of the vestry in place of William Peyton, deceased. Mr. Peyton 
had served the vestry as clerk for forty years continuously. An addition is or 
dered to the south side of Little Fork Church, to correspond to the other ad- 
<lition. These enlargements of the church, new galleries and extra benches, 
would seem to show that Mr. Thomi)son"s ministry was attended by large and 
growing congregations. Mr. Wfuigh chosen a vestryman in 1772. Colonel 
James Slaughter, nentlejuan, agreed to have t!ie glebe-house built for :5o,flOl> 
pounds of tobacco. The |)lans and si)ecilications a'e minutely detailed in the 
vestry book. Thi^+ was the glebe-house so long occupied by the reverend and 
venerable John Woodyille, and afterwards by Messrs. Glassed and Wager-. 
The original glel)e-liouse was burned: perhaps some of tlie oiitbuildings n)iiy 
l)c sraiidiug. 

The glebe house, the i)lan of which is described in the last chai)ter, was 
Imilt lor the Rev. John 'i'h(uupsnii: bur man proj)oses and (Tod dis])oses. He- 
for.? thi-* .Mrthly t ili.Miiicle w.i^ iinislied, .Mr. 'i'iio;ui)s:)M wa-icilled to "a house 

not luade with liaiids, eternal in tiie lieavens.'' After a labori<^)us and fi iiitfiil 
ministry of more than thirty yearn, the brave BoJdier of the cross laid aside his 
armor and put on his crown. ' He was buried at the brick house near Stevens- 
burg so long tenanted by the Hansbroughs, and now owned and occupied by 
Dr. Grayson. By his first wife (Lady Spotswood) he had two children, viz: 
Anne, wlio in her fifteenth year married Francis Thornton, of Pall Hill, near 
Fredericksburg. Mr. Thompson also had a son by Mrs. Spootswood, named 
William, who ma.rried Miss Sallie Carter, of Cleve. Among their descendants 
w^ere Coiuuiodore Thompson of the U. S. Navy, and many of the Thompsons 
of Kentucky. 

After the death of his first wife, the Rev. John Thonii.son married Miss 
Rootes. One of their children was the Hon. Piiilli[> Rootes Thouijj- 

son, who once represented the district of Fauquier and Culpeper 
in Congress, and then moved to the county of Kanhawa, where his fan\ily 
was the nucleus around whicli was gathered the Episcopal Church and Parish 
at the mouth of Coal, one of the tributaries of the Kanhawa River. 

The second wife of the Hon. P. R. Thompson was a daughter of the old 
patriarchal vestryman, Robert Slaughter, of Culpeper. Bishop Meade said of 
her, "She was esteemed and loved by all who knew her, as one of the humblest 
and most devoted members of the church in Virginia. I have always (he adds) 
felt my own sense of the Divine ])ower and excellency of religion strengthened 
by every visit to her abode. She exchanged it some years since for a better 
one above.'' 

After tlie death of Mr. Thompson, the Rev. Charles Woodniason was em- 
})loyed to do some service in the parish. This is all that seems to have been 
known by our historians of this person; but I have found in "Perry's Collec- 
tion," a memorial to the Bishop of London signed by him, in wiiich he says, — 
"Through much sickness, brought on by fatigue in traversing the back part 
of Carolina, I had accepted for my health the Parish of Bromlield in Culpeper 
county. Being delayed so long in waiting for a successor. Bromfield was grant- 
ed away, fearing its lapse to the Governor, while I was on my way. I might 
have gotten some other parish, had not the Virginians entered into resolves 


This explains the whole matter, and shows the patriotic spirit of the vestry 
of St. Mark's, among whom were some persons who soon became conspicuous 
in the war of the Revolution. November, 1772, the vestry proceeded to con- 
sider of a proper person to recommend to the Governor as minister of the par- 
ish, when the Rev. Edward Jones, of Caroline, was unanimously nominated. 
James Slaughter and John Gray were chosen churchwardens. January 6th, 
1778, the Rev. Edward Jones ])roduced his induction from the Governor, ap- 
])ointing him minister of this parish, agreeable to a presentation of a former 
vestry, and took his seat in vestry accordingly. April 21st, 1778, the vestry 
met to fi.v on a site for the mansion on the glebe, and finding no place where 
water Avas convenient, agreed with Mr. Francis Slaughter for 100 acres of land 
adjoining the former purchase, for the sum of loO lbs. current money. Octo- 
ber 26th, 1778, the church in the Little Fork having been burned, the vestry 
met on the ground, and concluded to erect one of wood, sixty feet long and 
forty feet wide, on Robort Freeman's or Peter Bowman's land. It was also or- 
dered that William Williams, John Green, James Slaughter and (^adwallader 
Slaughter have James Pendleton's tobacco-house repaired for Divine worship 
until the church be finished. December, 1778, the vestry reconsidered tlieir 
former order and resolved TO build a church of bri(^k. eighty feet long and 


thirty feet wide in the dear, with twenty feet pitch, to he finished coinplctely 
in best manner by first day of November, ITTiJ. Thirty thousand ikkuuIs of 
tobacco to be paid next sniuiuer, and the balance to l)e paid in three equal an- 
nual i)ayments. 

This is the old brick church in the Little Fork which has stood for one 
hundred years, the mute memorial of other times and other men. The walls 
of this centennial church once resouiuled with the voices of sii-es, some of 
whose sons now p:iss by on the other side, or look coldly at the shrine where 
their fathers Avorshii)ped, and si>oak lightly of the anthems they sung in days 
of anld laufi: syne. 

.A.nd rudely sighs the wandering wind. 

Where oft, in years gone by, 
Prayer rose from many hearts to Him, 

The Highest of the High 
The tramp of many a busy foot 
That sought thy aisles is o'er, 
And many a weary heart around 
Is stilled forever moie. 

Oil! could we call the many back 

Who've gathered here in vahi. 
Who careless roved where we do now. 

Who'll never meet again. 
How would our souls l>e stirred 

To meet the earnest gaze 
Of the lovely and the beautiful.— 

The light of other days. 

The churchwardens are ordered to let the following buildings on the 
glebe-land, viz. : — A kitchen thirty-two by sixteen feet, with an inside Ijrick 
chiuniey with two (ire-places, covered with good shingles, and boarde.l 
with feather-edged plank. A quarter, twenty by sixteen feet covered 
with long shingles, and boarded with good oak-boards,, and 
an inside wooden chimney. Also, a dairy and meat-liouse twelve 
feet square, each to be done in the best manner ; a stable twenty 
feet square, of sawed logs, covered with long shingles: also, seven hun- 
dred feet of sawed paling, five feet long, with sawed rails three square. The 
wardens are also ordered to let the building of a gallery in the Lower Church. 
John Green and James Pendleton are ordered to agree with Peter Bowman for 
two other acres of his land, for the use of the church. 

1774. Benjamin Roberts and John Ureen are appointed chun-hwanKMJS 
for the ensuing year. 

1773. The vestry met to lay the parish levy, but the inspecting law ceas- 
ing, they are in doubt what method will be pursued through this colony for 
levying and collectiuiT the same, and conclude to await the opinion of the 
(lenenil ('onventiou. 

17711. 'IMie vestry met and proceedeil to lay the levy. Robert (iaines vvas 
made clerk of the Lower Church, in place of John Hunle. It is ordered that l*eter 
Bowman be paid two i)Ounds for one and a half acres of land for the use of the 
brick church, and that Edmund Vass be paid five pounds for two i)lans for tin- 
brick church. The collector is ordered to pay Samu ■! (Jlayton thret> pounds 
s?ven shillings and sixpence for laying ofi" the brick church lot. and Mr. Ball 
aiul James Pendleton are made churchwardens for the ensuing year. Riehard 
Yancey is choseji vestryman in the place of John (ireen, tx Ccixttxkxivvl sku- 

TICK. (This is the only aUusion to the Revolutionarj' War in the veitry-book. 
The vestry seem to have limited themselves rigidly to tJieir duties, and never 
to have invaded the political sphere, althou°:h several of them were officers of 
the army, and all sympathized with the American cause. Culpeper count>- 
was conspicuous for the services of her sons in the old Revolution, havinj; cou- 
tril)uted eifrht comi)anies of ei<i,'hty four men each to the army. Those com- 
panies wei'e raised by the followino; captains, viz.: Johri CTreen, John Thorn 
ton, George Slaughter, Gabriel Long, Gabriel Jone-*, John Gilbson, r'aptain 
McClanahan (a Baptist i)reacher), and Abraham Huford. In the notes and il- 
lustrations at the end of this volume will be found some interesting details uj)- 
on this point. We return to the acts of the vestry.) 

1777. Ordered, that the churchwardens advertise the vacancj' of this 
parish and the renting of the glebe. As Mr. Jones had not resigned, this looks 
like a broad hint that his resignation would be accepted. 

1778. The General AssemVily having suspended the salaries of clergy- 
men, the vestry met to fix on some method of paying the salaries of the officers 
of the church, and recommended subscriptions for that purpose. The recom- 
mendation is signed l>y French Strother, James Slaughter, William Gray, 
Robert (ireen, Robert Tancey, Benjamin Roberts, Cad. Slaughter and James 
Pendleton. Burkett Dh venport is made vestryman in place of Wm. AVilliams. 

1780. February 'ilst, the Rev. Edward Jones this day (*ame into the ves- 
try and resigned the charge of this parish. In Marcli the vestry met at Caj^. 
Bradley's, and ordered that the Sheriff collect of each tithe in the parish five 
l)ounds tobacco, or in money at the rate of twenty-five pc hundre'd. Robert 
Pollard and Lawrence Slaughter are ap]>ointed vestrymen to fill the vacancies. 
In the ensuing April the vestry met at the glebe, and agreed to receive the 
Rev. James Stevenson as minister of their parish, according to law, and Thom- 
as Stanton was made lay-reader at the Little Fork Church, in the room of 
Philip Pendleton, resigned. The vestry met again in December of this year, 
and ordered certain payments to be mf^.de to John Jameson, clerk of the coun- 
ty, Henry Field, Reuben Long, Robert Latham William Terrill, and Michael 
Sloane, for the nenefit of thH poor of the p irish. Lawranca Slaughter and Rob- 
*^rt Pollard churchwardens for the ensuing year. 

1771. Robert Coleman made collector, and ordered to collect of 19.Ji7- 
tithes seven pounds of tobacco each, for the clothing, feeding, and providing 
medical attention for the poor distributed among the farmers. 

178"2. Ordered, that the churchwardens inform the poor claimants of 
this parish three months before meeting that they attend the vestry (if able) 
and let their situation be known. 

178>{. Bowles Armstead appointed vestryman in the room of Benjamin 
Roberts, deceased. 

1784. Resolved, That the churchwardens provide the goods for the poor 
on the best terms they can and report the result. James Jett is appointed 
clerk of the vestry, and Samuel (Clayton and Robert Yancy churchwardens. 

This is the last meeting of the vestry recorded in the old register, wlii<'h 
Jjegan in 17;ji). This gap in the record of the parish can only be filled with a 
general outline of its history, which must be gathered from many scattered 
sources. Rev. James Stevenson probably continued to be the minister of St. 
Mark's Parish until he exchanged places with Mr. Woodville, the former going 
to Fredericksburg and the latter coming to Culpeper. 


jr.'^r., riu' Episco]ial (Church in N'irginia had its first legislative council. 

For 175 years it had been in bonda-ire to the Crown anrl Parliament of Great 
Britain. For pulitieai reasons it was not allowed to have a Hishop, nor to 
make a law for its own government, or for the discipline of its ministers and 
members. One of its first acts after l)ecoming free, was to meet in convention 
and frame a constitution and code of discipline. Mr. Stevenson, with James 
Pendleton, lay deputy, represented St. Mark's in the Convention of 1735. One 
of the first acts of the Church, when free, was to divide the State into districts, 
the mini.>^ters in each district forming a "Presbytery." To supply, in some 
measure, the place of a Bishop, a clergyman was ap|)ointed to visit each dis- 
trict and to preside in its presbytery. Mr. Stevenson was made visitor of tlie 
district composed of the parishes of St. Mark's, St. (ifeorge's, Bromfield, and 
Berkley. In 178(5 St. Mark's was represented only by Itoberfc Slaughter, iay^ 
delegate. Mr. Stevenson was the minister of Berkley Parish, Spotsylvania, 
in the interval between 1708, wlien he was licensed for Virginia, and 1780, when 
h ' took charge of St. Mark's Parish. Col. Taylor, of Orange, in his diary of 
1787, says: — •' I went to James Tajior's to the marriage of Thomas Barbour 
and Jane Taylor by the Rev. Jamks Stkvknson,"" and in 1788 he says:— 
"Thomas Barboxir's son was baptized and named James Taylor." 

In Jaiuuiry, 1794, he was elected by the unanimous vote of the peojjle as- 
semljled at the marktt-house in Fredericksburg. It was during his charge of 
St. George's that those two institutions which have done so much good, the 
male and female charity schools, were instituted. 

In 1799 Mr. Stevenson preached the annual sermon in behalf of these 
schools, whose pupils were required to go to church and be catechised by the 
minister, for •which the teachers were bound to prepare them. In 1802 he 
preached an approi)riate discourse on the anniver.sary of St. John the Evan- 
gelist, before the Masons of Fredericksburg. Soon after he was confined by a 
protracted illness in Culpeper, from which he never sufficiently recovered to 
resume his ministry. Tlie following correspondence will explain the occasion 
of his resignation: 

Fredericksburg, July 25rH, 18;)5. 


In conformity to a resolution of the trustees of your church, at a meeting 
on the 24th inst., we beg leave to express the just sense ent Ttained of your past 
services, and tiie sincere regret that your iadis|K>siti<>n has so long depri\-e,l us 
of their continuance. It has been intimated tliat you had expressed yourself 
<loubtful of your health's enabling you to perform those clerical duties, so 
justly appreciated; though from motives of p;?rsoaal consideration, the trus- 
tees feel a rei)ugnance in the discharge of this duty, yet the welfare of this 
church re()uiring every attention that can promote it, and well knowing your 
uiii-emitting zeal for its interest, we flatter ourselves that you will excuse the 
requ(>st we now make, of being informed of your intention of continuing in 
the offic ' of ycjur jjresent appointment. 

With sentiments of affectionate X'egard, Ave are, verv reiiectfuUv. dear sir, 
voiw obedient servants. WILLIAM TAYLOR, 


Cmcroi Wahukns. 

Cl LI'Kr'KK. Jri,V 29l'TI, ISO.-). 

Your letter of the 25tircuri'ent came to hand yesterday; and 1 am request- 
ed by my husband to make his acknowledgements for tlie sentiments thenMU 
contained, both in icgard to his jiast services and health. As to the latter, he 
has but little hojie of its being established s<j far as to ei;able him to perform 
the duties of a parish; but he begs you will beli<'ve, that tlie zeal he ha« liith- 
erto manifested towards your church is still alive, and to hear of its welfare 
will ever be grateful to him. He therefore recommends it to the tiust^es to 
l)rovide a minister as soon as they can, and that he may be one every way 
suitalile is liis sincere wish. . 

With much respect and esteem, I am, geutlemen, yours. &<•.. 


Mr. Stevenson married Miss Littlepage, a lady of fine intelligence and cul 
ture. The Hon. Andrew Stevenson, who was Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives and Minister of En.e:land, and the late Carter Stevenson, were his 
sons. The Hon. J. White Stevenson, late Governor, and present Senator in 
Congress from Kentucky, is his grandson. Mr. Stevenson survived his resig- 
nation of St. (ireorge's several years, and departed this life June, 1809. The 
following brief item from the Virginia Argus furnished the onlv intelligence 
we have of the event: "])ied on Friday in Culpei)er after a tedious illness, the 
Rev. James Stevenson, a gentleman much and deservedly esteemed by an ex- 
tensive acquaintance."" 

Since the foregoing pages were written we have received from Dr. l*ayne, 
of Tennessee, some valual)le illustrations of the lives of his grandfather Wood- 
ville and his great-grandfather Stevenson. Of the latter he says he was an in- 
valid in his last days, having been stricken by paralysis, and was the guest of 
Mr. Wrodville at St. ]Mark"s glebe. Your father, he adds. Capt. 1'. Slaughter, 
was one of his vestrymen, and gave me many interesting incidents of his ju'i- 
vate life. His last family residence was Hopewell, near Fredericksburg, where 
the Hopewell nursery now is. His Iil>rary was bought for a mere trifle by a 
gentleman of Fauquier, who designed returning it to th^ family, but died be- 
fore fulfilling his purpose. The following is a coi)y of his letters of ordination 
(now before us,) engrossed on pai'chment: 

Be it known unto all men V)y the presents, that wt>, Richard, by Divine 
i:)erniission, Bishoj) of London, holding by the assistance of Almiglity Cxod a 
special ordination on Thursday, ~!>th of Septem1)er, in the year of our Lord IT- 
68, being the feast of St. Michael tlie Archansle, in the chapel of our Palace in 
Fidhaui in Middlesex, did admit our beloved in Christ, James Stevenson, (of 
Avhose virtuous and pious life and conversation, and competent knowledge and 
learning in the Holy Scriptures, we were well assured) into the Holy Order of 
Priests, according to the manner and form prescriV)ed and used bj- the chu?-ch 
of England; and him, the said James Stevenson, did then and there rightly and 
caiionically onlain a Priest. He having first in our presence and in the form 
of law taken the oaths ;ipi>ointed by law to be taken for ;ind instead of the 
oath of supremacy, and he likewise having freely and voluntarily subscribed 
to the 89 articles of religion, and to the thre.'articles,contained in the W canon. 

In testimony whereof, we have cau'sed our Fipiscoi)al seal to be hereunto 
affixed. Dated the day and the year above written, and in the fifth year of 
our translation. 

LONDON. Dicr. Rkg. 

On the mitred seal appended is inscrilxMl the seal of RicliMrd Terrick. Hisli- 
op of London, 1704. 

Among the documents sent by J)r. Payne is an original Thanksgiving ser- 
mon i)reached by Mr. Stev^enson at Mattapony Church, Berkley Parish, Spots- 
ylvania, on Thursday, lyth of November, 1777, on the occasion of the surren- 
der of Burgoyne's army. In outward form the sermon is a curious relic of by- 
gone days. It is about four inches long and six inches wide. It consists of 
nineteen pages, witli only nine lines on each page. In i)oint of sentiment and 
literary execution it is excellent, and gives us a pleasing illustratif>n of the 
})iety and ]>.itriotism of one of our old col.mial miiiisters. 

REV. JOH.N \V()()i)\lLLH. 

In the progress of our narrative we have re.u-hed in Mr. Woo.lville a link 
between the two centuries, overlapi)ing several generations. There are those 
now living who remember !iis anti(]ue fa"." and foi-uj. Patriarchs who were 

uiii-e lii8 i)iiijilti still liny:er on tlic horizon. JManj- survive upon whose f»n)ws lie 
poured the water of holy ba])tisiii; some whom he visited in siekness, and to 
wliom lie administered the holy eoniniunion; and there are liundi'eds for whose 
fatheix and motliei-s, g'randfathers and ^-andinothers, he performed all these 
offieea,. eonsifjniny them at last to the ton)h in the burninfi; words of our ^rand 
old hn rial-service. His <j(fi('ial advisers, those venerable vestrymen, Robert 
Slau^'hter, of '"The (Tranj^e'"; Peter Hansbroufjrh, of "Cosil HilP": Champ Car- 
ter, of "Farley"; .John Jameson, ('lerk of the County; William Broadus; Sam- 
uel Slaughter, of "Western View"; John Thom. of "Berry Hill"; Isaac and 
Walter Winston, of Auburn, -with whom he took counsel and walked to the 
house of (rod in company, are all ffone. The parish rej^ister, in which were 
recorded his official acts, and Avhich, like the old rej^ister we have been follow- 
inpr, would have been such a fruitful source cf information for the illustration 
i>f the history of the parish and county, cannot be found. We are therefor;-^ 
limited to the few facts scattered through the extant journals, and the memo- 
ries of livina: men. for materials to construct a meajire skeleton of his admin- 

Mr. Woodville havinf^- l)een a teacher, with a boardinf? school under his 
cliarf? ', could not always attend the conventions, which were held in Rich- 
mond, the horse lieinj; almost the only mode of locomotion in those days. Mr. 
Woodville. who married a dautrhter of the Rev. James Stevenson, succeeded 
him as miidster of St. ^Mark's. Mr. Woodville, like Mr Stevenson, was elected 
minister of St. (reorofe-s Parish by a vote of the people assembled in the mar- in Fredericksburg:. The vote was ninety-six for Mr. Woodville and 
thirty-four for Rev. Thomas Davis, wheretipon Mr. Woodville was proclaimed 
by the senior Avarden, Mr. Day, to be duly electeil. In the Virginia Herald of 
that date we find two brief notices of him. In June, 1792, he preached a well- 
adoi)ted discourse before the Masons. In a poem of the day, written by a min- 
ister apolofvizin^- for levity of conversation, with which he had l)een roproach- 
ed, occur these lines: 

"Deny him not those aitls within his reach; 

But let me laugh, and modest Woodville preach." 

Mr. Woodville was Professor of the Hunutnities in the Fredericksburg 
Academy when (jilbert Harrow was Professor of Mathematics. These gt^ntle- 
men were required to be examined by Bishop Madison in the classics and in 
the sciences. It is probable that Mr. Woodville spent some years in teachinj-- 
before he was diosen as minister of St. Greorf^e's Parish, as I find in the diary 
of Colonel Frank Taylor, of ()ran.<,'e, under the date of 178!l. the following- en- 
try: "Mr. Woodville preached to a larj^e conyrrej^ation on Sunday at Oran^ic 
<.'. H., and he i)reached to a much lar<j:er one on the Sunday before at Piuv' 
Stake Church, near Raccoon Ford." 

In 1791 St. Maiks was represented in ('onvention by David Jameson as 
lay deleK:ate. in 17!M) by Mr. Woodville and Robert Slaughter; in 1707 by J. 
Woodville and John Jameson; in IHuo by William Broadus; in 1813 bv J. Wood- 
ville and Robert Slaughter; in 1814 by William Broadus. The (^onveutioti ap- 
pointed Robert Slaughter, Peter Hansbrough and Garland Thompson to (col- 
lect funds in Culi)eper for resuscitation of the church. In 1815 J. Woodville 
represented St. Mark's Parish, and the Rev. \Villiam Hawley and Samuel 
Slaughter represented St. Stephen's Church, which is the first" appeJinince of 
the latter upon the record. 

And now a new era begins-to dawn on the church in Virginia. The black 
cloud of despair is spanned 1)y the bow of hope. The (iood providence of God 


sent Bishop Moore to lead the "forlorn hope,' and never was there a man bet- 
ter fitted for the special crisis. Bai)tized with the Holy Grhost and with tiro, 
his heart was a ^iiishing: spring: of emotion, which overflowed his eyes, and 
streaming!: from his eloquent tons'ne and trembling hands, melted his hearers 
to tears. He wei)t over the ruins of the old churches and the scattered sheep 
without a shepherd, like the lamentation of Jeremiah over the desolation of 

In St. Mark's I'arish the first fruit of this new movement was St. Stephen's 
(Jhurch at Culpei)er C. H., and its first heralds Avere Rev. Wm. Hawley and 
Mr. Samuel Slaughter, all making their first appearance on the record in 1815. 
There is no record that I can find of the buildine: or consecration of St. Steph- 
en's Church. It connects itself with history at this point, l)ut when and how 
it came into being has eluded all my researches in ])rint and in the memories 
of living men. 

Bishop Moore reported having visited Culjieper during the past year, and 
confirmed sixty persons: This was the first and the largest confii'iuation ever 
held in the parish. In August of this year Bishop Moore i)reached in four 
places in Culpeper, and confirmed eighteen. He also rejjorts having ordained 
Mr. Hawley to the priesthood. Mr. Hawley was elected a delegate to the 
General Convention. He extended his labors to Orange C. H., and after a 
ministry of two yeai's he was called to St. John's Church, Washington, wdiere 
he si)ent the remainder of his days, loeloved l)y all men. Of his ministry in 
Culpeper and (Grange, Bishop Meade said he " preached and labored with 
much effect.'- And Rev. Mr. Karncst, in his sketch of St. Thomas, Orange, 
says: — When Mr. Hawley began his labors in Orange the Episcopal Church 
had wellnigh died out. But three or four communicants remained. Under 
his ministry there began to dawn a brighter day for the Chui'ch. Some of 
the communicants added by him still remain. During Mr. Hawley's adminis- 
tration Bishop Moore made his first Episcopal visit to Oi*ange, and preached 
with great effect, and administered the rite of confirmation to a goodly num- 
l)er. It was the first confirmation ever held in St.'s Parish. Among 
the goodly number was the aged mother of President Madison, who had never 
l)efore had pa\ opportunity of ratifying her baptismal vows. The ministry of 
Rev. Mr. Hawley was evidently blessed in this parish ; but having been called 
to a larger field, he took charge of St. John's Church, Washington,' which 
soon became a centre of much influence. In the course of Mr. HaAvley's min- 
istry there he numbered among his parishioners many Presidents of the Uni- 
ted States, and other persons of the highest social and political position, be- 
fore whom he went in and out for more than a quarter of a century, " an Is- 
raelite indeed in whom is no guile." He was among the originators and most 
earnest supporters of our Education Society, and of the measures which led to 
the establisiiinent of our Theoiogicai Seminary. Of the tributes to his memo- 
ry by J^r. Tyng and others, one of the most loving was by the Rev. Dr. Lawrie, 
of the Presbyterian Church between whom and Mr. Hawley there prevailed 
an intimacy like that between Bisliop Johns and Dr. Hodge, of Princeton, and 
between the Episcopal Buchannon and the Presbyterian Blair, of Richmond. 
When the prayers for the sick were read at the bedside of Mr. Buchannon, he 
said, with childlike simplicity, "Pray for Blair, too" TJiere is an anecdote of 
Mr. Hawley among the traditions cun-ent in Culpeper which, whether true or 
not, is too good to be lost. The story is that Mr. Hawley wore ruffles on his 
shirt-bosom, as was common among gentlemen of that day. and that some la- 
dies asked him to have them removed, as they were thought not becoming a 
chM-gyman. To this he gracefully assented. But he wore w^hiskers also, and 


Avas told that these were an offenee to tlie weak brethren. To this he is said 
to have replied, with a {?leain of mischievous {»ood-hunior playing on his face, 
"Oh no! ladies. I must keep my whiskers to save my ears." 

In 1817 St. Mark's Parish was represented by the Rev. Mr. Woodville and 
Wm Broadus, and St. Stephen's Church by Samuel Slaughter and Isaac 
Winston. In 1818, the same lay delegates, St. Stephen's is reported without a 
minister, notwithstanding most strenuous efforts to get one. In IHl!) St. 
Mark's was represented by Col. John Thorn, wlio reported twenty-live bap- 
tisms, four marriage.s, nine funerals, and forty-five comniunicants, five of 
whom were additions since the last convention. In 1820 the Rev. Herbert 
Marshall came to Culpeper and took charge of the school at Capt. Philip 
Slaughter's, of which John Robertson, the father of Judge Robertson of Char- 
lottesville, and the Rev. Samuel Hoge, father of Dr. Moses Hoge of Richmond, 
had been masters. Mi". Marsliall was ordained Priest by Bishop Moore at Wal 
ker's Church in Albemarle, and officiated very acceptably for several years as 
pastor of St. Stephen's Church. His name only occurs in 1822 in the Journals 
of the convention, with Wm. M. Thompson, father of present Secretary of the 
Navy, as lay delegate. His wife was the sister of the present venerable presid- 
ing Bishop. His brief and promising ministry was cut short by ill-healtli and 
a premature death. He, like Mr. Hawley, officiated at Orange C H. 

Mr. Woodville continued his modest ministry as rector of St. Mark's, offici- 
ating cliiefly at the Lower Church and at the Little Fork, and occasionally at 
Stevensburg and the Courthouse; but St. Stephen's Church seems to have 
been in a state of sus])ended animation, until it was revived by the coming of 
the Rev. G. A. Smith in 1826. Mr. Smith having been in charge of Christ 
Church, Norfolk, and linding it a too heavy burden for his delicate health, 
came to rusticate and to renew his strength in this Piedmont parish. His 
name ajipearrs in the convention journal av representing, with Samuel Slaught- 
er, St. Stephen's Church, and with Peter Hanshrough as delegate from St. 
Mark's Parish in 1827. From that time till 18;^0Mr. Smith officiating alternate- 
ly at St. Stephen's Church and at Orange C. H., with occasional ministrations 
at Stevensburg and elsewhere. He established a Bible class, and societies in 
aid of mission and other Church charities. He gave an onward impetus to the 
church, reporting an accession of nine members by confirmations in 1828; and 
Bishop Meade reports eleven confirmations, in 1880, when Mr. Smith, from 
physical infirmities, resigned his charge, an event deeply deplored in the re- 
port of the lay delegate, i)r. Winston, to the next convention. 

Mr. Smith is one of those mysterious instances, so trying to our faith, of a. 
man thoroughly furnished for the work of the ministry, and with an eye so 
single to the glory of Ood, and yet, for the want of organs through which to 
reveal the light that is in him, has passed much of his life in the shade, com- 
paratively unknown and unsung.while men of far feebler powers and scantier 
turniture. but with stronger physique and more self-assertion, have worn the 
mitre and yielded the sceptre of influence. But he has not lived in vain. As 
editor of the Episcopal Recorder and ol the Southern Churchman, and master 
of the sch(j(tl at Clarens. he has make his mark and Avill leave his imi)ression 
upon many iiiinds. He still lives, the patiiarch of our alumni, and the fitting 
president of their society. May Providence prolong his years; that though 
his voice be hushed, the graces of his daily life, like angels trumpet-tongued, 
may plead the cause he loved so .well. In this brief tribute I liave dc parted 
from a rule laid down by Bishop Meade, and which I have prescribed to my- 
self, not to sound the praises of living men, leaving that to these who mav 
<-<mie after them and see then- end. But as the case is unique, this sinHe ex- 

eeption must prove the rule; which by the way, Bishop Meade did not always 
follow himself. 

In 18:31-82, Isaac Winston and P. Slaughter, Jr., represented St. Stephen's 
Church. Mr. Woodvilie, though not present, reported St. Mark's Parish as 
gradually improving, the congregations as visibly inc-reasing, and there being 
in many persons a greater anxiety to encourage "pure and undeliled religion."' 
In June, 18;]'2, the Rev. A. H. Lamon took charge of St. Stephen's Church in 
connection with Madison C. H.; and in 183o he reported an accession of eight 
communicants to St. Stephen's, and twenty four at Madison, to the six whom 
he found there. In reference to the revival at Madison, Bishop Meade said: — 
"We had services four times a day for three days. It was a joyful season for 
the church at Madison. Fifteen months before, I scarcely knew a place which 
]jromised less to to the labors of a minister of our church. At this visit I con- 
lirmed tweuty-three wanu-hearted disciples of Christ, and saw a new brick ed- 
ifice rising for t'leir place of wornhip. (iod had signally blessed the preach- 
ing of Ills word by ministers of different denominations. He had sent to our 
communion an hunble and faithful man, who, going from house to house, in 
season and out of season, was the instrument of gatheiing an interesting lit- 
tle band, with whom 1 spent some of the hapi)iest days of my ministry. 1 al- 
so admitted their minister Mr. Lamon to Priest's orders.'' 

In'183J: Ml". Lamon reports the addition of eight persons to the communion 
of St. Stephen's, the estaVjlishment of the scholarship in the seminary, and 
measures tor the purchase of a i)arsonage, and the permanent establishment 
of a minister among them. Bishop Meade, in his report of 1834, said: — "On the 
4th September, 1834. I preached to a large congregation, and confirmed eight 
])ersons at tlie Little Fork in Culpeper. The congregiition^was then, and Jiad 
been for a long time.under the care of the liev. Mr. Woodvilie At this place fie 
most conscientiously and patiently met with his jjeople for many years; here 
had I often met him in my travels during the last twenty-two years, and here 
it was that I saw- him ou the occasion just mentioned for the last time. Prov- 
idence has removed him from a scene of sincere obedience on earth to one of 
glorious enjoyment in heaven. He has left an affectionate family to mourn 
the loss of a kind husl)and and tender father, and many friends to cherish, 
with sincere respect, the memory of a conscientious Christian." Such was the 
tribute of the evangelical Wm. Meade to the childlike John Woodvilie, and it 
does as much honor to the author tis it does to the subject of his praise. It is 
too common in these days of cant to disparage these old-time Cliristians, lie- 
(•ause their religion was not in our style. Such censures are as irrational as 
it would be to find fault with an antique statue because it is not arrayed in 
modern fashionable costume, or to disparage St. James because he did not 
give the same prominence to the doctrine of justification ))y faith as did St. 
Paul, but presented chiefly the moral i)hase of the gospel— there being in 
truth, no more incongruity between the doctrines and the morals of Christi- 
anity than there is between the root of a tree and its fruit. 

N. Mr. Woodvilie left a son. the liev. J. Walker Woodvilie, who for some 
years followed in tlie footsteps of his father. He was a good and guileless 
man. His other son, James, was a lawyer in Botetourt, and Woodvilie Par- 
ish perpetuates the name. Of his wife and daughters, Fanny and Sarah, 
iiishop Meade said, " i do not expect to meet ])urer spirits on this side of 
heaven." The sainted women. I learn from their relative. Senator Stevenson, 
of Kentucky, both died in Columbus, Mississippi. ])r. J. W^3*ayne, a promi- 
nent citizen of Tennessee, a grandson of Rev. Joiin Woodvilie, and a great- 
gr.i'.tJsoa of the Rjv. Mr. Stevenson, is probal>ly the owner of the family rel- 

i(!8 and traditionary mementoes of his ancestors of St. Mark's. Mr. Woodville 
was buried at Fredericksburg, with. the service of the church and of his broth- 
er Mihons, on the 10th of May, 1834. He desired, says Dr. Hugh Hamilton, to 
be laid near the body of Mr. Littlepage, 

Dr. Pay ne has also furnished me with some very pleasant reminiscences 
of his grandfather Woodville, and enables me to supply what was wanting in 
the foregoing sketch of Mr. Woodville. Dr. Payne was born at St. Mark's 
glebe, and educated and fitted for college by his grandfather. In his boy- 
hood he used to attend him in his visitations, " carrj'ing the communion ser- 
vice in his saddle-bags," after the death of Mr. Woodville's body-servant, 
"Uncle Jim." He speaks plaintively of the old churches in the Little Fork & Big 
Fork( Lower Church. )0f the latter he says it was a plain structure of wood. The 
gallery (called Lady Spotswood's gallery) was in ruins. The only thing of 
taste about the church was a marble baptismal font, t\e gift, he thinks, of 
Mrs. Spotswood, and the monument of Mr. Dowman. He had seen the com- 
munion administered by Mr. Woodville to old Robert Slaughter and old "Un 
ele Jim," and perhaps sometimes to one other servant l>elonging to some 
Episcopal family. On such occasions he sometimes omitted the sermon, but 
never a word of the service. Of the old brick church in the Little Fork, he 
says the long, square, high-backed pews, the sounding-board, the pulpit, 
reading desk and clerk's stand, its transverse aisles, its chancel in the 'east, 
the Lord's Prayer and Ten Commandments elegantly painted upon the com- 
munion table, carried yon back to a past generation. The congregations here 
were generally large; and there were many Episcopal families in the neighbor- 
hood—Gen. M. Green, the Porters, Picketts. Farishes, Wiggintons, Freemans, 
Spilmans, Withers, Paynes, &c. But you had to see it filled, when the 
Bishops came, to conceive what it was in days of old. " I hope," he adds, "it 
was spared during the war, for 1 saw at that time in the newspapers that a 
sermon was found beneath the pulpir, preached near fifty years ago by Mr. 
Woodville, ' whose classic elegance,' &c., surprised its captors." 

From the same authority we learn that Mr. Woodville was born at White 
Haven, Cumberland County, England, in 1763, came to America in 1787, Iive<^ 
as tutor in the family of Rev. J. Stevenson, who sent him with commendatory 
credentials, and a letter from the Rev. Mr. Scott, Principal of St Beno School, 
and testimonials countersigned by the Bishop of Chester, to the Bishop White 
who ordained him Deacon on the l:5th, and Priest on the 2r)th of May, 1788, in 
Christ Clhurch, Philadelphia. He took charge of the Academy in Fredericks- 
burg in 1791, and of the church in 1792, became Rector of St. Mark's in 1794, 
and spent the remainder of his life at the glebe. He was a great sufferer ii» 
his last years from dropsy of the chest, but never murmured. He spoke of 
his death with perfect composure, saying that his only reliance for salvation 
was upon the merits and righteousness of Christ; often saying in his last ill- 
ness, i die happy. His last words were " God bles.s you all." (See obituary 
in Episcopal Recorder, January 25, 1884.) 

On the fly-leaf of his wife's devotional manual are the following lines: 

His mind was of no common order, and under the immediate and habit- 
ual influence of the strongest religious princii)le8; such wasmv dear and ever 
lamented husband. SARAH WOODVILLE. 

Gi.KBK, March Hth, 1834. 

The following is the inscription on his tombstone:—" Underneath, the 
l>ody of John Woodville, a true believer in the Holy Scriptures, an earnest 
minister of the Protestant Kpiscopal Church, a diligent nnd faithful teaclier 


of youth, a meek, contented sojourner on earth, a pious probationer and hum- 
ble candidate for heaven, In Anglia natus die Martii undecimo MDCCLXIII; 
obiit Virginia undecimo die Januarii MDCCCXXXIV." 

His wife, Mrs. S. S. Woodville, died at Buchanan, Va., April 6th, 184S, 
calm in mind and pure in heart, meekly resif?ned to the will of heaven, at 
peace with God, and in charity with the world. 

Thus lived and died the last Rector of St. Mark's Parish. Other churches 
with other pastors, had sprung up and flourished within his care. He bade 
them all " God speed" but we note that in his private diary he called them 
all chapels. 

Among the many early pupils of Mr. Woodville were the Hon. Andrew 
Stevenson and the Rev. George Hatley Norton, Sr. Of the latter, Mrs. Wood- 
ville was often heard to say, " He was the best boy ever in the school." He 
was a Virginian, but lived most of his life, and died in Geneva, New York. 
He was the father of Dr. Noi'ton, the great chuirh-worker of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, and of Dr. George H. Norton, the able and eJHcient Rector of St. PauTs 
Chureli Alexandria. 


Mr. Cole was born in Wilmington, Delaware. He conceived the idea of 
studying for the ministry in 1832, and after concluding his course in the Theo- 
logical Seminary of Virginia, was ordained by Bishop Moore, in Petersburg, 
on the 18th of May, 1H28. He preached his first sermon at the Lower Church, 
in Surry county, Virginia, on the 23rd of May of the same year. He spent 
the first two years of his mniistry in missionary work in Surry and Prince 
George, endeavoring to revive the fires upon the altai's of the old churches, 
wliich had nearly gone out. Froi.i a diary of his ministry I infer tliat he was 
diligent in preaching the Gospel in the pulpit and from iiouse to house, in es- 
tablishing Sunday schools, and such like good works. He preached his last 
sermon in this count j% January Iti, 18;S0, at Cabin Point. Soon afterwards he 
took charge of Abingdon and Ware Parishes, in the county of Gloucestev, 
where he ministered usefully until 1886, when, witii a view of seeking a more 
bracing climate he resigned his charge. 

The author of this history, V>eing then rector of Christ Ciiurch, George- 
town, D. C, was visited by Mr. Cole, and advised him of the vacancy of St. 
Stephen's Church, (Julpeper. I being about to go to Culi)eper to solemnize 
several marriages, introduced Mr. Cole to the x^^<^pl^ ^^ ^t. Stephen's, by 
Avhom he was invited to iill the vacancy. He accepted the invitation, and 
took charge of St. Stephen's in conjunction with ^wo churches in Madisou 
county. In 1888 he made his first report on his uewNjeld of labor, reporting at 
St. Stephen's thirty female and five male communicants, at Madison Court- 
house twelve communicants, and at Trinity twelve. Of tiie last he says 
quaintly :— " This church is significantly called a free church, which, in coun- 
try parlance,means free to everybody and everything, for winter and summer, 
snow and storm, heat and cold." His services, he adds, in these parisiies, in- 
cluding Standardsville, are twelve sermons a montii, besides a Bible class, a 
lecture, and prayer meeetings weekly. Rev. J. Walker Woodville, in the same 
year, reported seventeen communicants of St. Mark's Parish. 

In 1840 Mr. Cole resigned the clmrches in Madison to Rev. Mr. Brown, and 
took charge of the new congregation of St. James, Culpeper. In 1841 the St. 
James congregation applied for admission into the Convention. The Conven- 
tion reported against the application, as not being in conformity with the re- 
quisitions of the canon. Tlie report was recommitted to an enlargeil com- 


mittee, and Dr. Winston and Dr. Hamilton came before them and testified 
tliat " St. Murk's for several years liad not been in an organized state, but 
had Rone into decay, and that the canon could not be complied with." Upon 
this testimony St. James was admitted as a separate congrej^ation. Mr. Cole 
reported thirty communicants at St. Stephen's and eleven at St. James, with 
a neat and comfortable church ready for consecration. In 1S42 St. James was 
reported as having been consecrated by Hishop Meade, who had also contirm- 
ed twelve persons. The communion at St. Stephen's, after rising to fifty-three 
in 1845, fell to thirty-one in 1847; while at St. James it arose from fifteen in 
1«48 to twenty-seven in 1848. In 1849 Rev. Walker Woodville reports St. 
Mark's with regular services at Little Fork, Flat JJun, and the Germanna 
woolen factory, which prol)ably were the only Kpiscopal services at German- 
ua for one hundred years. In 1850 Mr. Cole reports the completion of the 
" Lime Church " (St. Paul's), at a cost of only about #1000. 

In 1859 Mr. Cole resigned St. James Church, that it might be united with 
a new church in Fauquier. In 1850 the communicants at St. Stephen's had 
risen to fifty-three, and those at St. Paul's to twenty-seven. In 18(i9 R. H. 
Cunningham, lay delegate, represented St. James, and reported a parsonage 
as being in progress there. In July of the same year Mr Mortimer a student 
at the seminary, began lay reading at St. James. S. S. Bradfcn-d represented 
St. Stephen's and P. P. Nalle St. Paul's, which latter applied for admission 
into the Convention as a separate congregation for the third time, as they al- 
lege. Mr. D. Conrad, for the committee questioned the constitutionality of 
establishing separate congregations in one parish, with the power to elect lay 
delegates, as destroying the equilibrium between the clergy and laity in Con- 
vention; but having been assured by Mr. C. and the petitioners that the con- 
gregation be admitted as a parish, and intended so to make application, the 
committee recommend that the said separate and petitioning congregation be 
admitted as a parish, to be called St. Paul's Parish, in the county of Culpep- 
er, according to the boundaries SL^t forth in said petition. This rei)ort does 
not seem to have been voted uijon, and is not found in the record ; yet in 1861 
Mr. Cole reports St. Paul's Church in St. Paul's Parish. In 18G2-3 there 
were no Conventions. In 1804 none of the Culpeper churches were represent- 
ed. In 1805 Mr. Cole reports St. Stephen's and St. Paul's churches in St. 
Mark's Parish. ;In 1800 St. Paul's is reported as having been destroyed ; but 
in 1808, the last year of Mr. Cole's life, he again reports St. Paul's Church in 
St. Pat'l's Parish, as having been rebuilt by the generosity of a Virginian 
by birth (Mr. John T. Parish ),but residing in New York. The new St.Paul's was 
consecrated by Bishop Whittle Nov. 8th, 18 J3. It is impossible now to unrav- 
el this tangled skein of facts. In 1H09 there is no rei)ort, and in 1870 St. Paul'ti 
Church reappears in St. Mark's Parish, and we iiear no more of St. Paii/s 

But we have anticipated the chronological order of our narrative, and 
must return to 18;il, when Mr. Mortimer reports St. James Church, St. Mark's 
Parish, with twenty-eight communicants and the contribution of $8:J0;) for a 
parsonage. Mr. Cole reports in the same year the enlargement of St. Stephen's 
church edificie, with a steeple of line proportions, and a fine-toned bell, at a 
cost of $"2500, nearly the whole of which was raised within the congregation. 

.Vnd now the " Mar clouds rolling dun '" over-shadowed the land. The 
peaceful parish became an intrenched canqj. and a highway for the marching 
and counter-niarching of grand armies. Tlie churches, so lately resonant 
witii anthems of praise, are torn down or converted into l)arracks and hosj)!- 
tals and stables, and the roar f)f artillery and tiu> bliist of the bugle sisperc -de 


the sonpTS of the sanctuary. Mr. Cole in his report of 1865-66, tells the tale 
with bleedino: heart and l)ated breath. He says: " Since my last report of 1861 
cruel war has raged. Pen cannot write or words utter the trials of rnind and 
heart, and the privations endured. All the Episcopal churches in this county, 
and every other place of worship within the lines of the Federal armj^ (except 
the Baptist and Episcopal churches at the Court-house), were utterly destroy- 
ed by it durin<2: the winter of 1868-64. The whole country is a wide spread 
desolation. The people, i)eeled and poor, are strugj^liiiK for a livinj?. Durinj? 
the occupation by the Federal army we were not jjermitted to use our church. 
We worshipped God, like the primitive Christians, in private houses, and nev- 
er did the services of the Church seem sweeter or more comforting. I visited 
the sick and wounded, and buried the dead of both armies alike— the number 
of funerals being 4!)0. it is a record for the great day, and not for the Conven- 
tion. There were twenty churches of denominations destroyed within a com- 
paratively small area. Among these in this parish were St. Paul's and St. 
James, and Calvarv Church, under the care of Rev. P. Slaughter, at the foot 
of Slaughter's (Cedar) Mountain. The last named church was built by Mr. 
Slaughter on his own place wiien by ill-health he was constrained to retire to 
the country. This church was consecrated by Bishop Johns in June, 1860, 
and Mr. S. officiated for the benefit of his neighbors and servants, without fee 
or reward, other than that arising from the consciousness of trying to do some 
good, under the burden of many infirmities. That only relic of th is church is 
a beautiful stained window, which was spared at the intercession of a young 
lady, who kept it under her bed till the war was over. The window now lights a 
c'lancel in Mr. Slaughter's dwelling, which also contains a desk, the only relic 
of anotheT of his old churches which was burned. The chancel, Avith its relics 
has in it the seeds of an unwritten poem, whose melody is only heard in the 

Mr. Slaughter in his report to the Convention in 1865, says — " Since the 
destruction of my church and the desecration of my home by Federal soldiers, 
I have spent my time in the army and in the hospitals, and in editing the 
' Army and Navy Messenger,' a religious journal for our soldiers and sailors." 
The despoiled church at Culpeper has been restored by the aid of friends ; St. 
Paul's has bean rebuilt by the kindness of Mr. Parish ; St. James has risen 
from the ashes at the bidding of Miss Wheatley and others ; but a few stones 
and a little grove of evergreens of second growth are all that mark the spot 
Avhere once stood a consecrated fane at the foot of Slaughter's Mountain. The 
wailing winds play requiems upon the evergreen harps of pine, and the birds 
singing sweetly among the branches, with responsive echoes, are now the on- 
ly choir which chants anthems, where once young men and maidens, old men, 
and children, praised the name of the Lord. It is i)roper t«) say that Mr. 
Slaughter has declined contributions for reljuilding this church, in favor of 
other churches where the field promise<l a better harvest. 

Whether this church shall rise again God only knows. His will be done I 
if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without his notice, much less can a 
church perish by violence. If it rise not, then let the wailing winds still play 
its reriuiem, and the plaintive dove chant its funeral dirge: 

After officiating on Christmas day, 1868, Mr. Cole was stricken by jiaraly- 
sih, and ui a few days finished his career of forty years' service in the ministry, 
thirty-two of which were spent in St. Mark's Parish. Dr. Dalrymple, in his 
address at the Semi-Centenary of the Seminary, calls special attention to our 
o'jligations to Mr. Cole for his successful labors in adding to our emolument 
fund, and for his agency ill procuring the cliarter for our Theological Semi- 


nary. He also records the following: interesting incident, which we had heard 
from Mr. Cole's own lips:— At a convention many years a^o, when the clergy 
and laity were assembled around the cliancel at the close of the services on 
Sunday night, Bishop Moore called on Mr. Cole to raise a hymn. He obeyed 
by commencing;: 

The voice of free grace 

Cries, escape to the mountain. 

It was cauglit up by Bishop, priest and people, singing jubilant at that sol- 
emn hour of night. Such was the origin of this time-honored custom of the 
Convention of Virginia. 

Rev Mr. Cole married first, April 10th, 185/5, Fanny E., daughter of 
John Thompson, of Culpeper,— children Fanny Meade, John Thompson, 
Thomas Willoughby and Carter Stanard : and married, second, Mrs. Conway, 
daughter of Wm. Foushee. His second wife soan followed her husband to 
the tomb, dying without issue. 

After what has been already said, Mr. Cole may be characterized in a few 
words. In all the relations of life he was a true man transparent as Dryden's 
ideal man, whose thoughts were as visible as the figured hf)urs through the 
crystal of a clock. He was not what is called a popular preacher (a question- 
able compliment, since it too often imi)lies the arts of the demagogue), and he 
had a true English hatred of all shams. He was a faithful and brave soldier 
of the Cross, not ashamed of the faith of Christ Crucified, but manfully fought 
under his banner unto his life's end. A fitting inscription upon his tomb 
would be these words: " He feared ftod — he had no other fear." 


Having now taken leave of the dead past, we stand in the presence of the 
living. We must be wary of our words, not only because (as Dr. Hawks said 
of Bishop Moore in his lifetime) we would not "shock the delicacy of living 
worth;" but because it will be the office of those who come after them and see 
after them and see their end, to mark their place in history. The only excep- 
tion to this rule we have already noted, we have no more active field-work to 

The Rev. George W. Peterkin, who had been assisting his father at Rich- 
mond, took charge of St. Stephen's Church in June, 1869. In 1870 he reported 
an addition of 26 to the communion of 1868, Avhieh he found there at his com- 
ing. Sunday School more than doubled; sermons and addresses during the 
year 140, and 40 public catechisings. The Rev. Chas. Yancey Steptoe, who had 
been recently ordained, and had recently taken charge of Christ and St. Paul's 
churches, reported an accession of 18 to the connnunion, with 110 Sunday 
School teachers and scholars. Bishop Johns, in 1869, had consecrated Christ's 
Church, "whi(!h (he said) from its position supplied the place of two churches 
destroyed during the war. For this beautiful building we are indebted to the 
Christian sympathy of Miss E. A. Wheatley.formerly of Culpeper,now of Brook- 
lyn, New York. She provided the funds and furnished the plan. It stands in 
full view of the railroad, a pleasing memorial of the pious devotion of a lady 
who loved her people and built them a christian synagogue." 

In 1871 Mr. Peterkin reported a handsome brick building at a cost of .>J;1,- 
669.40, raised on the credit of the vestry, and the organization of a church 
school for girls, under the charge of Mr. K. S. Nelson. l\Ir. Steptoe reports an 
addition of vJl to the communion of Christ and St. Paul's churches, and a con- 
tribution of .trjir>.2:{. In 1872 Mr. Peterkin reports an addition of 44 to the 
••onmtunion of St. Stephen's, a Sunday School of 'JOO, and :{ teachers and 27 


scholars in chureli school. "Darin* the past year (he says) the school has sus- 
tained itself, and beeoaia a recojirniz.Mi power in the parish. Au important 
part of my work (he adds) dnrinj; two years past, has been the restoration of 
an old colonial church, about twelve miles from Culpeper, in the Little Fork. 
$250 have been spent in necessary repairs, of which |100 was from the Bruce 
Fund. Congregcations lar^e, and 8 communicants at the old church." Mr. 
Steptoe reports tlie building of a rectory near Brandy Stalion for the use of 
Christ and 8t. Paul's Churches, at a cost of $2150, of which Christ's Church 
contributes iJilOOo; St. Paul's, $450: Piedmont Convocation, $180; Miss Wheatley, 
$415, and Mr. Suter, of New York, $100. A steeple, bell, and other improve- 
have been added to Christ (^hui-ch by our kind friend Miss Wheatley. In 1873 
Mr. Peterkin reports 137 communicants, a Sunday school of 280, of whom 35 
are colored children, 3 teachers and 39 scholars in the ehui-ch school, which, 
he says, is so established and f?overned as to enabled the church to extend the 
blessing of Christian education amonj? her people. Mr. Steptoe reports a 
church at Rapidan Station as nearly finished by our own efforts and the aid of 
friendly communicants at Christ and St. Paul's churches. 

1H74. Rev. James (x. Miuneyerode havinj>: succeeded Mr. Peterkin (who 
had taken charge of Memorial Church, Baltimore,) reports 145 communicants 
and a Sunday school of 282. Mr. Steptoe. for (Christ, St. I'aul's, and Emman 
viel churches, reports 9(j communicants and Sunday schools of 86, contribu- 
tions $1545.11, the consecration of Emmanuel Church by I3ishop Johns on the 
10th of December, 1873. " I officiated (he says) at Emmanuel's two Sundays 
in the month, in the afternoon, until we were so fortunate as to secure the 
services of the Rev. Dr. Slaughter, as long as his health shall hold out. By 
the aid of Mr. J. AVihuer, Jr., as Lay Reader, he has been able to officiate on 
Sunday mornings.'' Dr. Slaughter himself says he has been much aided by 
the sympathy and co-operation of Mr. Steptoe and of the Bishop of Louisia- 
na, who spends some of the summer months here, and is always ready to help 
us with good words and works. 

187(). Presext Status ok The Churches ix St. Mark's Parish. 

St. Stephen's Church, Rev. J. G. Minnegerode, Rector: — Communicants 
170, Sunday school teachers and scholars 200, of whom 50 are colored. 

Christ and St. Paul's Churches, Rev. C. Y. Steptoe, Rector:— Communi- 
cants; after substracting those transferred, 80. 

The present writer officiates at Emmanuel Church. Of his work there it 
does not become him to speak, except to say, that he deems it a privilege at 
this eleventh hour of his miaistrj- to be p^srinitte J to do even a day's work in 
the vineyard. Communicants 36, the number having just trebled since the 
institution of regular services. 

At the last Convention St. Mark's was again divided, and Ridley Parish 
taken out of its eastern side, by a line beginning at Jameson's Mill, on Mud- 
dy Run, with hat Ran to Hizel (E inth iiu's) River, thenc3 with that river to 
the Rappahannock river, with Rappahannock to the mouth of tlie Rapidan, 
up the Rapidan to the mouth of the Robin^^on, up the Robinson to Crooked 
Run, up that run to Wayland's Mill, thence to the top of Mount Poney. thence 
to the beginning. The new parish includes Christ's, St. Paul's, and Em- 
manuel churches, and leaves to the now mutilated St. Mark's only St. Ste- 
phen's Church at Culpeper, and the old Centennial Brick Church in the Little 
Fork, the only representative in this parish of the Church of England in the 
*' Colony and Dominion " of Virginia. 

We have said in tlie text that we had not been al>le to fix the precise date 


of the buildinj? of St Stephen's Church, <7u!p.?p.n' C. H. (raneral Edward 
Stevens (the Revolutionary hero), who lived in the house now occupied by 
Mrs. Lightfoot in his will, recorded in August, 1820, "confirms his promise to 
give one acre of land in Fairfax" for an Episcopal church, one acre adjoining 
the village for a Presbyterian church, and one acre to Free Masons' Lodge 
of Fairfax adjoinging his family burying-ground for a cemetery. St. Stephen's 
was built between 18'>>0 and 1823. 


This parish was cut off from St. Mark's in 1740, carrying James Barbour 
and Benjamin Cave, vestrymen, along with it. Before the separation St. 
Mark's had built a church, since known as the old Orange church, 
near Ruckersville, and a chapel where Robert Brooken now 
lives. There was also a chapel ordered at Bradley's or Batley's 
quarter, whose site was to have been fixed by Benjamin Cave. After the sep- 
aration, St. Thomas' vestry built the Pine Stake Church, near Raccoon Ford, 
on land originally patented by Francis Taliaferro; and a middle church below 
Orange C. H.. on land now owned by Erasmus Taylor. All trace of the Pine 
Stake Church is gone. The writer remembei's in his boyhood to have been at 
a barbecue at the church spring. The middle church was of brick, and was 
well presei-N-ed as late as 1806. Some years later it shared the fate of many 
other old churches, which were assumed to be common property, and were 
torn down and carried off piece by piece. The gilt altar-piece, with other or- 
naments of the chancel, were attached to household furniture. The old com- 
munion service, engraved with the name of the parish, given by the grand- 
mother of President Madison and other good women, has been recovered and 
is now in use. 

Unhappily the old records of St. Thomas Parish have Iieen lost, so that it 
is no longer possible to reproduce the chief early actors in it. The Rev. Mu!i- 
go Marshall was minister in 1753. Tliere was once a tombstone over his 
grave, but that too was appropriated, and was used in a tannery to dress hides 
upon. In 17G0 he was succeeded by the Rev. Wm. Griberne. In 1761 the Rev. 
James Marye followed, and his first official act was the funeral sermon of the 
paternal grandmother of President Madison. In the family record it is said, 
"her funeral sermon was preached by Rev. J. Marye, jr., from Rev. 14 ch. 1:3 
verse." In 17G7-8 the Rev. Thomas Martin succeeded. He wasatutr)r of Pres- 
ident Madison, and lived for a time in the family at Monti^elier. He was a broth- 
er of (jov. Martin of North Carolina. A letter froui:\Ir. Madison to him exi)ress- 
ing a great respect and affection for his preceptor, may be seen in "Reves' Life 
and 'I imes of Madison." Rev.John Burnett succeeded Martin about 1770,and was 
followed by Rev. John Wingate, the last of the cf>lonial clergy, who being 
suspected <jf want of loyalty to Virginia, soon took his leave. The disloyal 
odor this man left behind him may have been the reason why the vestry, who 
were very patriotic ^James Madison, the vestryman, was chairinan of the Or- 
ange committee,) did not have another minister for twenty-three years, con- 
tenting themselves Avith occasional services by the Rev. Matthew Maury of Al- 
bemarle. The old churchwarden. Major Moore burieii the dead with the 
church service, and the Rev. Mr. Belmaine, while paying his court to Miss Lu- 
cy Taylor, and on his visits after his marriage, officiated. The^Rev. Henry 
Fry (Methodist) was sometimes called upon to preach, always preceding his 
sermons with the old church service (says Col. Frank Taylor in his diary.) In 
1780 the vestry engaged the blind Presbyterian minister Mr. Waddell (whose 
eloqi,f.nce has Ix-en .so glorified and transfigured bv the geniiis of Mr. Wirt) t<» 

officiate for them once a month in the Brick (Middle) Church, and f>ave him 00 
pounds. Mr. O'Xeil was the minister from 1790 to about 1800. In 1809-11 tlie 
Rev. Hugh C. Boggs officiated at Orange C. H. and the Pine Stake Cliurch, 
which was standing as late as 1813 

This brings us to the time when the minister fromCulpeper began services 
in Orange, of which an account will be found in the body of this work. The 
church at Orange C. H. is modern, having been built in 1833-34. The history 
of the services of the Messrs. Jones, Earnest, Davis, Carson, and Hansbrough, 
are within the knowledge of those now living, and need not be reproduced 
here; it not being within the scope of this book to give more tlian a bi'ief 
sketch of Bromfield and St. Thomas, as having been originally within the 
bounds of St. Mark's Parish. 

Col. Frank Taylor's diary enables one to foi'iii a life-like conception on the 
animated social circle of Avhich Orange C. H. was the centre from 1786 to 1799. 
The circle embraced Montpelier, Coleman's Springs, Clark's Mountain, and 
parts of Culpeper and Madison counties. The persons wlio figured in it were 
Col. Frank Taylor, James Taylor (Clerk of the County,) Dr. Ch. Taylor, the 
family physician, and Ei-asmus, Robert, John, and other Taylors, whose name 
is legion. Col. Thomas Barbour and his brother James, James Barbour, Jr.. 
Dr. Thomp.a Barbour, Richard Barbour — Ambrose, Gabriel, Philip, son of 
Thomas; Philip, son of .Ambrose; and another Philij) Barl)Our. Major Moore, 
Robert, John, and William Moore, and many more. ('o\. James Madison, Sr., 
Col. Jas., Jr., (President), Ambrose, William, C!atlett, and other Madisons. 
Crumii, Charles, Ben and Abner Porter. William and R. B. Morton, Andrew 
Shepherd, Sr. & Js. John and Alexander Shepherd. A whole chime of Bells — 
John, William, Thomas, and Charles. Col. Lawrence, Hay, Frank, andWilliiim 
Taliaferro. Capt. Catlett, Frank, John Catlett, Jr., and Henry Conway. Col. 
James Pendleton, Nat., Henry, John, Bowie, Philip, and countless 
other Pendletons. chiefly from Culpeper. Capt. William and Francis 
Dade. Andrew and John (irlassell, Reuben Smith, James and John 
Walker, Zachary, Robert, and John Burnley, and Isaac and John AVil- 
liams, and Samuel Slaughter. Divers Alcockes, Lees, and Gribsons, 
&c., &c. Among the young Ladies were Lucy, Sally, and Fanny Barbour; 
Nancy, Sally, Betsy, Patsy, Lucy, and Polly Taylor; Franky Alexander, Milly 
and Polly Glassell, Hanna Watkins, Lucy Gaines; Mary, Betsy, Sally, and 
Suky Conway; Fanny, Eli7,al)eth, Joannar'aTid two Katies Pendleton; Sally, 
Betsy, and Judy Burnley; Sally, Nelly, Elizabeth, and Frances Madison; Fan- 
ny and Polly Moore, the Misses Gill)ert, Sally Throgmorton, the Misses Chew, 
&'c., &c. And then there was an almost continuous influx of visitors, chiefly 
from Spotsylvania, Caroline, and Culi)eper, and a stream of travellers to and 
from Kentucky by way of Culpeper, Winchester, and Red Stone in Mononga- 

These people seem to have had a gay time— dining parties of twenty-live 
to thirty from house to house; quilting parties, winding up with a dance ; balls 
at Sanford's, Bell's, and Alcocke's hotels in the winter, varied with hare, fox, 
and wolf-hunting, esiiecially when Major Willis and Hay Taliaferro came up 
with twenty hounds. In the sunnner they had fish-fries and barbecues at 
Dade's Mill, Waugh's Ford, Wood's Spring. Leathers' Spring, and Herndon's 
Sjjriiig. Col. Taylor seems never to have missed an election ; he always re- 
cords the namgs of the candidates for office and the number of votes for each. 
He brings before us Mr. Madison as candidate for Congress, Assembly and 
Convention, addressing the peo|)le in defence of the Constitution, to which 
the ignorant were ojjposed. He is said to have spoken from tlie steps of the 


old Lutheran Church, now in Madison, with the people standing in the snow, 
and the cold so intense that the orator's ears were frost-bitten. He records 
the votes for General Stt^v t^ns of Culpeper as Presidential Elector, for French 
Strother for Senator, and for Tom Barbour and C. Porter for Asseniby. He 
tells us about vestry meetings which elected Tom Bai'bour and William Moore 
deputies to the Convention ; of Col. Oliver Towles, Wm. Wirt, Robert Tay- 
lor, &c., i)leading at the bar. We see the ladies shopping at Lee's, and Shep- 
herd's, and Taylor's, and Wilson's stores, and the men playing at the five bat- 
teries. Weddings too seem to have been more common than now. Under the 
date of January 1786 he says: Wm. Madison and the ladies have just returned 
from the marriage of Mordecai Barbour and Miss Strode. 27th March, 1787, 
large company at J. Taylor's, at the marriage of Tom Barbovir and Mary Tay- 
lor, by Rev. Mr. Stevenson. July 1st, at the marriage of John Bell and Judy 
Burnley, and then he varies the scene by saj'ing: "Went to church 2d Dec, and 
Mr. Waddell told the peojjle that he had heard that it would be agreeable to 
them for him not to attend here again till March, and he would not." 1788, 
24th March, election for Convention:— James Madison 202 votes, James Gordon 
187, C. Porter 34. Madison's election gave great satisfaction. May 14th, 1788, 
James Madison, Jr , at Goodlet's school examining the boys. The next marri- 
age, Nov. 10th, 1789, Archy Tutt to Caty Pendleton, of Culpeper; Dec. 8th, 
John Stevens married to Polly Williams of Culpeper; 1700, then comes 
the marriage of Thos. Macon and Sally Madison, andontheoth of Sept., 
R. Williamson and Caty Pendleton, Oct. 10th, John Harrison and Sally Bar- 
bour; Dec. 11th, Henry Bell and Betsy Alcocke. 1791, Ch. Porter died. April 
27th, James Blair and Nelly Shepherd. 29th, July, John Bell, of Culpeper, 
died. B. Wood married Miss Porter. May 3d, Henry Fitzhngh and Betsy Con- 
Avay. Nov., Wm. Dade and Mrs. Sarah Dade. Nov. 29th. Joshua Fry married 
Kitty Walker. 1794, James Madison married Mrs. Todd. July 19th, Erasmus 
Taylor died, eighty-three years old. 29th, Col. Thomas Barbour's wife died. 
1795, May 18th, Mrs. Sarah Thomas died, eighty-four years of age. James Bar- 
bour, Jr., niiyillit^d Ducy JohliS2ii. Dec, James Bell married Hannah Gwatkin. 
22d, James Taylor, Jr., married Fanny C. Moore. Thos. Bell (Courthouse) 
married Sally Burnley. John Walker (son of James) married Lucy AVood, of 
-Madison. 1790, Feb. 5th, Fortunatus Winslow married. Polly Alcocke. D. 
Turner married Miss E. Pendleton, of Caroline. March 2d, Jaiyes Coleman 
(Springs) and Thos. Bell died. 5th, Henry Pendleton married Elizabeth Pen- 
dleton, of Culpeper. 22d, Col. Richard Barbour married Polly Moore. 23d, 
Thos. Scott, of Madison, died. 26th, Col. T. Moore died. Mrs. Alcocke, form- 
erly Mrs. Dr. Walker, died. Nov. 16th, Adam Darby married Betsy Shepherd- 
Dec 8d, Reuben Smith married Milly Glassell. 19th, Anthony Buck married 
Mary Shepherd. 1797, March 14th. Baldwin Taliaferro married Ann Spots- 
wood, of New Post. 16th, Hay Taliaferro married Suckey Conway, and my 
son and daughter went to the wedding— the horses ran away and they did not 
get l)ack. Nov. 19th, Am))rose Macon married Miss Thomas. Dec 7tn, Champ 
Porter married a daughter of John Alcocke. Wm. Mallory married Mary Gib- 
son. 179S, March 12th, Rev. Mr. O'Neil and Phil. Barbour (son of Thomas) 
came here this morning. Mr. O'Neil had been to Tom Barbour's to marry T. 
Newman and Lucy Barbour, 1799, Jan. 8th, large company at James Taylor's, 
at the marriage of Thomas Crutchfield, and Col. James Barbour came home 
with me. G. Terrill had petition to Assembly for bridge at Barnett's Ford. 

The churches in St. Thomas Parish are St. Thomas, Orange Courthouse, 
Hhv. John S. Hansbrough, Rector, who reported in H76 eighty six coinmuni- 

Christ Church, Gordonsville, Rev. F. G. Scott, Rector, communicants (1876) 


Bromfield was cut off from St. Mark's by Act of Assembly in 1752. The 
dividing line has been marked in the body of this work. Its western bounda- 
ry starts from John Spotswood's corner on Crooked Run (near Wayland'sMill) 
and runs north by east to the junction of White Oak Run with the Rappahan- 
nock River; thus including what is now Madison and Rappahannock Counties, 
and a small section of Culpeper. Bromfield, after this date, had its ministers, 
vestries, and records, of which there is now scarcely a trace. In the absence 
of such registers, I can only reconstruct the history of this parish with the few 
materials gleaned from different and distinct sources. The very name has 
been recently and unconsciously changed into Rloomfield, in which form it ap- 
pears on the Journals of Convention ever since 1833, except in 1839 when it was 
represented by Jno. F. Conway, who restored the right name. After this one 
effort to recover its historical name, it relapsed into Bloomfield, and has been 
so called ever since. Even Bishop Meade calls it " Old Bloomfield Parish." 
The word is Saxon, and means Broomfield. Perhaps this is the origin of what 
we call in Virginia a broom-straw or broom sedge field. However applicable 
the term may have been to the lower part of the parish (the Piney Woods), 
Bloomfield is more descriptive of the Piedmont portion, which had not then 
been developed. Let us hope that the lost name may be restored for history's 

We know the names of at least two of the old vestrymen of Bromfield, 
Martin Nalle and Ambrose Powell, who in 1754 negotiated with 'the vestry of 
St. Mark's about running the dividing line between the old and the 'new par- 
ish. Henry Field and Philip Clayton had been ordered in 1752 to attend the 
surveyor in running these lines. The courses threw " Tennant's Church ■' 
and the church in the Fork of Devil's Run and to Hazel River into Bromfield 
Parish. Later in the century there was a church at F. T., so called from the 
initials of Frank Thornton being cut on an oak tree near the spring, that be- 
ing a corner in his survey. There was also a church not far from the present 
site of Washington, near where Frank Slaughter now lives. 

The first minister of Bromfield probably was the Rev. Adam Menzies, who 
had been a respectable schoolmaster, for I find in the "Fulham MSS." that he 
was licensed for Virginia, and his name is set down in 1754-5 as minister of 
Bromfield. There was also a James Herdman (1775), some of whose books are 
now in my possession (Sherlock's, Seeker's, and Atterbury's sermons), which 
were bought in Rappahannock as the remnant of an old English parson's li- 
brary. The late Samuel Slaughter, who died about 1857, in his 90th year, said 
that he, in his boyhood, went to school to a Rev. Mr. Harrison, minister of 
Bromfield. Thomas, great-grandson of Burr Harrison, of Chippawamsic (who 
was baptized at Westminster in December, 1637, and was the first of the family 
in Virginia), was the father of the late Philip Harrison of Richmond, and of 
Mrs. Freeman, mother of Mrs. McCoy, of Culpeper. In 1790 there was a min- 
ister named Iredell who officiated at the South Church, four miles below Mad- 
ison C. H. He was followed by O'^Neil, an athletic Irishman, who believed in 
what Hudibras calls "Apostolic blows and knocks" more than in the Apostolic 
succession. He was a disciple of Soloman and never "spoiled the child by 
sparing the rod." He suspended them upon a stout negro's back when head- 
ministered the flagellations. He taught school near the Pine Stake 
("hurch, in the family of Colonel Taliaferro, and also in Madison 


The late Jnd{?e Barbour and the Hon. Jere and Dr. Geo. Morton were amonj? 
his pupils, and retained a lively recollection of his discipline. The memory of 
that motber in Israel. Mrs. Sarah Lewis, already referred to went back to 
O'NeiTs time. The Rev. J. Woodville made occasional excursions to these 
churches, when vacant, and the Lutheran minister, Mr. Carpenter, baptized 
and buried the Episcopalians when without a i)astor. 

The leadinf^ Episcopal families who adhered to the church of their fathers 
throug-h evil as well as f?ood report, were, the Lewises, Burtons, Vawters, 
(vaves, Gibbs, Strothers, Thorntons, Barbours, Conways, Gibsons, Pannills, 
^.Gaines and Beales. The last name reminds me that Reuben Beale was a Lay 
^Delepite to the first Convention in 1789 and 1793. After the revival of the 
church in the Rev. Mr. Lamon's time (1834-5), when there were larfje accces- 
sions to its communion, the ministers have been the Rev. A. H. Lamon, deceas- 
ed, Wm. T. Leavell, John Cole, deceased, R. T. Brown of Maryland, Joseph 
Earnest deceased, Rev. Dr. Shield, of Louisville, Ky., Wm. H. Pendleton, de- 
ceased, J. G. Minnegrerode, of Culpeper, Rev. Mr. Wroth of Baltimore, with 
occasional services by other clergymen. There is a church at Madison C. H., 
which in 1834, had forty communicants, whose names are now l)efore me,a church 
at Woodville, and one at Washinj^ton. 'Ihese churches have been so depleted 
by emif?ration to the south and west and by infrequent and intermittent ser- 
vices, that they ar-;^ hardly iil)le to stand alone, and are now (Dec. ISTG) like 
sheep scattered on the mountains, without a shepherd. 




Governor Spotswood's expedition over the i?reat mountains, as iie called it, 
is one of the most romantic^^es in the history of Virginia. Imleed, it has 
l)een happily t-hosen as the theme of a romance by Dr. Caruthers. entitled "The 
Knights of the Horseshoe." a traditionary tale of the cocked hat gentry in the 
Old Dominion. The author seems to have used due diligence in fiatheiin«- tlie 
fugitive traditions of this adventure which linorered dimly in the minds of his 
f?eneration. The popular idea of this expedition seems to have been derived 
from the ''traditionary tale," as the author fitly calls it. One is reluctant to 
unmask a popular idol by substituting facts lV)r fancies and showin-; the his- 
torical basis upon which it stands. Until The ]mbiication of John Fontaines 
Journal, the fa(^ts known about this exijcdition were but few. Robert Beverly, 
one of the jiarty, in his J^eface to the History of Vircrinia, 1723, merely said, ''1 
was with the present Governor at the head-sprin- of both of these rivers (York 
and Rappahannock), and their fountains are in the hi<,'hest ridfje of moun- 
tains." The Rev. Hush Jones, Chaplain to the House of Burgesses, in his 
I'resent State of Virfjinia (1724). s«ys:-"(iovernor Spotswood when he under- 
took the Ki-eat discovery of a passage over : the. mountains, attended with a 
sulKcient ^'uard of pioneers and gentlemen, with a supplv of provisions. i)asse(l 
ihese Uiotintains and cut his Alajesty's name upon a rock ui)on the hiKhest of 

them, naming it Mt. Geovf^e, ami in coiuplaisance to him tlie fjentlefiten called 
the mountain next to it Mt. Alexander. For this expedition they were obii^ed 
to provide a great quantity of horseshoes, things seldom used in the east^i^ii 
part of Virginia, M'here there are no stones. Upon which account the (xov- 
ornor, n[)on his return, presented each of his companions with a golden horse- 
shoe, some of which 1 have seen covered with valuable stones I'esembling 
heads of nails, with the inscription on one side, 'Sic Juvat transcenderc Mon- 
tes.' This he intended to encourage gentlemen to venture backward and make 
discoveries and settlements; any gentleman being entitled to wear tliis golden 
shoe who could prove that he had drunk his Majesty's health on Mt. 

It has always been assuTued tliat Gov. Si)otswood communicated an ac- 
count of liis expedition to the home government, and it tends to confirm this 
assertion that Chalmers in his ••xVnnals"' says the British Government penuri- 
ously refused to pay the cost of golden horseshoes. But nothing has yet been 
produced from t^ju ts \vc od on this subject. The present writer has recently 
gone through the Spotswood minuscri[)ts recovered from England, whither 
they ha.l been carried by Feathershaugh, and which are now the property of 
the Historical Society of V'irginia. We only discovered one allusion to the sub- 
ject in these papers. In a letter to the Board of Trade, 1718, Spotswood says: 
— "The chief aim of my expedition over the great mountains in 1716 was to 
satisfy my.self whether it was practicable to come at the lakes. Having found 
an easy passage over that great ridge of mountains hitherto deemed unpassa- 
ble, I discovered fmm the relations of Indians Avhich frequent these parts, that 
from the pass where I was it was but three days' march to a great nation of 
Indians, living on a river which discharges itself into Lake Erie; and that from 
the west side ojf the small mountain that 1 saw, that lake is very vis- 
ible. The mountains on the other side of the great ridge being smaller than 
those I passed, shows how easy a matter it is to gain possession of these lakes." 
To account for these crude notions of the geography of the country it must be 
remembered that all west of Germanna was at that time a vast unexplored 
wilderness, covered by a dense forest, never trodden by the foot of the white 
man, exce[)t the flying rangers who liovered u[>on the frontiers of {jopulation 
to w.atch the Indians. 

.loiin Fontaine, son of Rev. James Fontaine (Huguenot), and brother of the 
Rev. Peter Fontaine and of the Rev. James Fontaine, clergymen of the Church 
<)i England in Virginia, was an ensign in the British army. He came to Vir- 
ginia in 171:', for the ]>urpose of exploring the country and choosing lands for 
the settlement of the family when they should come over. He made the ar- 
<iuaiiitance of (-Jov. Spotswood at Williamsburg, and under his auspices visited 
the new settlement at Geriuanna, and accompanied Spotswood to his Indian 
school at Christanna, on tlie Meherriu River, and also on his expedition over 
the great mountains. He kept a journal of his daily doings, which furnishes 
the only authentic account we have of this stirring adventure. His plain, un- 
varnished tale dispels the mist which the popular fancy had peopled with hos- 
tile Indians haunting the march, assassins stealing into camp at dead of niglit, 
and coannirting murder, perpetrating massacres, and doing battle in the 
mountain passes. The ivcent publication of this jouvnal rescues the facts from 
traditionary perversions and restores tliem to their true historical |)roportioiis. 
From him (an eye-witness) we learn that Gov. Spotswood came from Williams- 
burg l)y way of Chelsea ( King William) and Robert Beverly's ( ■, 
where the Governor left his chaise, and bringing Beverly along came on horse- 
back to Germanna. where, on the '2f5th .\u'j:ust. 1711., thev were mel by other 



gentlemen, foin- Meliorrin Indians, and two small companies of rangers. The 
names of the gentlemen of the party, deduced In part from the camps -svhieh 
were called after them, were: Gov Spotswood, John Fontaine, Robert Beverly, 
the historian; Col. Rf)bertson, Dr. Robertson, Tayloi- Todd, i\Iason, (Jai)tains, 
Clomler, and Smith , and Brooke, the ancestor of the late Judge Brooke. 
(Jampbeli says;— "The whole company was about fifty persons. They had a 
large number of riding and pack-horses, an abundant supply of provisions, 
and an extraordinarj^ variety of liquors.'' 

There have been divers opinions about the route Avhich this gay company 
of young bloods pursued, and the gap at which they passed the mountains. 
The starting point (Germanna.) is fixed, and the terminus, we think, by the 
light of Fontaine's Journal, is just as certain. We haye seen that Beverly (of 
the party) says "he was with Governor Spotswood at the head-springs of the 
York and Rappahannock Rivers." We shall presently see that Fontaine says 
"we passed from the head- waters of the Rappahannock to the head- waters of 
the James in a few hours." Now as Swift Run Gap is the o'dy "pass"' which 
the head-waters of York, James, and Rappahannock rivers approximate, and 
as Swift Run, a branch of the James, flows down the eastern gorge of the gap 
from a spring whose present site, description, and relations to another spring 
flowing down the western declivity correspond with Fontaine's account of them 
we are shut up to the conclusion that Swift Run Gap is the liistorical pass. 
As to the intermediate course between these fixed points nothing is certainly 
known, except the first stages, viz. Expedition (Big Russell) Run, Mine Run, 
Mountain Rini (the last two still retaining the names given them by tliese cav- 
aliers), and Rapidan River at or near Somerville's Ford. So far the 
route seems plain. Our theory is that, encountering Clarke's Mountain at 
this point, they crossed the river, which demonstrably then ran nearer the 
mountain than now, and proceeding up the flats until they had flanked the 
moiuitain, recrossed to the liighlands, and passing through Jones', Holladay's, 
Bresee's, &e., eneamped beyond Barnett's Ford, at a point where they had a 
fine view of the Appalachian Mountains, as they called them. Persons luay 
Avell differ as to the precise line of travel, and maintain tlieir tlu>:)ries by jilau- 
sible arguments. All the points cannot now be settled witii absolute certain- 
ty, and are not material: the main innnt being the general course of travel be- 
tween (Termauna and Swift Run (iai). The theory of the map is that they 
continued their journey on the south side of the Rapidan through the beauti- 
ful l)ortoms of the forks of Poplar, Blue and Marsh Runs, striking and (n-oss- 
ing the river again where it is very small. That they returned this way is con- 
firmed by the fact that when they reached a certain point on the Rajjidan, 
Mr. Beverly was so pleased with the land that he said he would take out a 
l)atent for it. Mr. B. Johnson Barbour's title to iiis beautiful river-farm goes 
back to Beverly's patent. A map was kindly and gratuitous- 
ly constructed for us by (.!ai)t. Josepli J. Halsey, a lawyer, verseil in the 
lore of old land patents and surveys, and a competent topographer, after a pa- 
tient study of all th«' nuiterials we could gather. The sketches t)l the country 
about Germanna were made by Rev. J. (\ Willis, of Indiantown, from his own 
surveys, and an outline map of Mr. J:irooking of the upper part of the route, 
and upon <;ai)t. Halsey's own surveys, s\ippleuiented by his knowledge of the 
country, and aided by the suggestions of l\lr St"V'^»>^ -"f Stannardsville, and 
other persons of the vicinage. Messrs. Halsey, Willis and Brooking are all 
practical surveyors, and represent the beginning, middle and end of the i oute. 

But we must not detain the reader longer from Fontaines Journal, from 
which he can deduce his own conclusions. 'I'hosc who have never read it will 

find it a lively picture of the first company of firentlemeii whose trumpet lirst 
waked the echoes of our hill, and lifted the blue veil which hid from the eyes 
of the white man the fair face of nature in the Valley of Virfjinia. 


August 27th. — Got our tents in order and our horses shod. 

29th.— In the morning got all things in readiness, and about one we left 
the German-town, to set out on our intended journey. At five in the after- 
noon the Governor gave orders to encamp near a small river three miles from 
Germanna, which we call Expedition Run, and here we lay all night. The 
first encampment was called Beverly Camp, in honor of one of the gentlemen 
of our party. We made great fires, and supped, and drank good punch. By 
ten of the clock I had taken all of my ounce of Jesuits bark, but my head 
w'as much out of order. 

;}Oth.— In the morning about seven of the clock the trumpet sounded to 
awake all the company, and we got up. One Austin Smith, one of the gentle- 
men with us, having a fever, returned home. We had lain upon the ground 
under cover of our tents, <and Ave found by the pains in our bones that we had 
not had good beds to lie upon. At nine in the morning we sent our servants 
and baggage forward, and we remained because two of the (Tovernor s horses 
had strayed.- At half-past two we got the horses, at three we mounted, and 
at half an hour after four we came up wath our baggage at a small river three 
miles on the way, which we call Mine River, because there was an appearance 
of a silver mine by it. We made about three miles more, and came to another 
small river, which is at the foot of a small mountain, so we encamped here 
and called it Mountain Run, and our camp we called Todd's Camp. We had 
good pasturage for our horses, and venison in abundance for ourselves, which 
we roasted before the fire on wooden forks, and so we went to bed in our tents. 
We made six miles this day. 

31st.— -At eight in the morning we set out from Mountain Run, and after 
going five miles we came upon the upper part of Rappahannock River. One 
of the gentlemen and I, we kept out on one side of the company about a mile, 
to have the better hunting. 1 saw a deer and shot him from my iiorse, but 
the horse threw me a terrible fall and ran away, we ran after him, and with a 
great deal of difficulty got him again ; but we could not find the deer 1 had 
shot, and we lost ourselves, and it was two hours before we could come upon 
the track of our company. About five miles farther we crossed the same river 
again, and two mjles farther we met with a large bear, which one of our com- 
pany shot and 1 got the skin. We killed several deer, and about two miles 
from the place where we killed the bear we encamped, upon the Rappahan- 
nock River. From our encami)ment we (-ould see the Appalachian Hills very 
l)lain. We made large fires, pitched our tents, and cut boughs to lie upon, 
had good liquor, and at ten we went to sleep. We always kept a sentry at the 
Governor's door. We railed this Smiths ('amp. Made this day fourteen 

1st. — September. — At eight we mounted our horses and made the first five 
miles of'our way through a very pleasant plain, which lies wdiere Rappahan 
nock River forks. I saw there the largest timber, the finest and deepest 
mould, and the best grass that I ever did see. We had some of our bag- 
gage put «nit of order and our comi)any dismounted by hornets stinging the 
horses. This was some hindrance and did a little damage, but afforded 
H great deal of diversion. We killed three bears this day, which exercised the 
horses as well as the mou. We saw two foAes. but did not ])ursue them : we 


killed sevt'i-al deer. About five of tlie cloek we came to a run of water at the 
foot of a hill where we pitched our tents. AVe called the encampment J)r. 
Robinson's (Jamp, and the river Blind Run. We had }?ood pasturajj^e for our 
horses and every one was cook for himself. We made our beds with bushes as 
before. This day we made thirteen miles. 

2d. — At nine we were all on horseback, and after riding about five miles 
■we crossed the Rappahannock River almost at the head, where it is very small. 
We had a ruj^ged way ; we passed over a great many small runs of water, 
some of which were very deep and others very miry. Several of our company 
were dismounted some were down with their horses, and some thrown off. 
We saw a bear running down a tree, but it being Sunday we did not endeavor 
to kill anything. We encamped at five by a small river we called White Oak 
River; and called our camp Taylor's Camp. 

;5d. — About eight we were on horseback, and about ten we came to a thick- 
et so tightly laced together that we had a great deal of trouble to get through. 
Our baggage was injured, our clothes torn all to rags, and the saddles and hol- 
sters also torn. About five of the clock we encamped almost at the head of 
James River, just below the great mountain. We called this camp Col. Rob- 
ertson's camp. We made all this day but eight miles. 

4th. — We had two of our men sick with the measles and one of our horses 
poisoned with a rattle-snake. We took the heaviest of our baggage, our tired 
horses, and the sick men, and made as convenient a lodge fortliem«as we could, 
and left people to guard them and hunt for them. We had finisheci this work 
by twelve, and so we set out. The sides of the mountains were so full of vines 
and briers that Ave were forced to clear most of the way before us. We cro.-^sed 
one of the small mountains on this side the Appalachian, and from tlie top of 
it we had a fine view of the ^^lains below. We Avere obliged to walk up the 
most of the way, there beuig abundance of loose stones on the side of the hill. 
I killed a large rattlesnake here, and the other i)eople killed three more. We 
made about four miles, and so came to the side of James River where a man 
may jump over it, and there we pitched our tents. As the people were light- 
ing the fire there came out of a large log of wood a i)rodigi()iis snake, Avhich 
they killed, so this camp Avas called Rattlesnake Cjiinp, but orlierwise it \v;is 
called Brooke's Camp. 

r»th.— A fair day. At five we were mounted. WeAvere obliged tohaA'e axe- 
men to clear the Avay in some places. We followed the windings of James 
River, observing that it came from the A'ery top of the mountains. We killed 
two rattlesnakes during our ascent. In some places it was A'ery steep, in oth- 
ers it was so that we could ride u]). About one o( the clock we got tcTthe t<»p 
of the mountains; about four miles and a half and we came t.. the very head- 
sjjring of James River, where it runs no bigger than a man's arm from under 
a big stone. We drank King (ieorge's health and all the royal family's at the 
very top of the Appalachian mountains. About a, musket-shot from the sjjring 
there is another, which rises and rinis down to the other side. It goes west- 
Avard, and we thought we could go down that way, but we met with such pro- 
digious precMpices that Ave were obliged to return to the top again. We found 
some trees which had been formerly marked, I suppose Ijy the Northern In- 
dians, and following these trees we found a good, safe descent. Several of the 
company were for returning,but tiie (ioA'ernor persuaded them to continue on. 
About five we Avere down on the other side, and continued our wmv until seven 
miles further, when we came to a large river, by the side of which we encamp- 
ed. We made this day fourteen miles. I, being somewhat more curious than 
the rest, went on a high rock on the top of the mountain to see tine prospects, 

and I lost my gun. We saw wlien we were over the mountain the footing of 
elk and buffaloes and their beds. AVe saw a vine which T)ore a sort of wild cu- 
cumber, and a shrub with a fruit like unto a currant. We ate very good wild 
grapes. We called this place Sjiotswood's Camp, after our Governor. 

6th. — We crossed the river, which we called Euphrates. It is very deep; 
the main course of the water is north; it is fourscore yards wide in the narrow- 
est part. We drank some healths on the other side and returned, after which 
I went swimming in it. We could not find any fordable place except the one 
by which we crossed, and it was deep in several places. I got some grasshop- 
pers and fished, and another and I we catched a dish of fish, some perch and a 
kind of fish they called chub. The others went a-hunting, and killed deer and 
turkeys. The Governor had graving irons, but could not grave anything, the 
stone was so hard. I graved my name on a tree l)y the river side, and the Gov- 
ernor l)uried a bottle with a paper enclosed, on which he writ that he took 
possession of this place in the name and for King George First of England. 
We had a good dinner,and after it we got the men together and loaded all their 
arms, and we drank the King's health in champagne and fired a volley, the 
Pripcess's health in Burgundy and fired a volley, and all the rest ofithe royal 
family in claret and a volley. We drank the Governor's health and fired an- 
other volley. We had several sorts of liquors, viz., Virginia red wine and white 
wine, "Irish usquebaugh, brandy, shrub, two sorts of rum, champagne, canary, 
cherry punch, water, cider, &:c. I sent two of the rangers to look for my gun 
which I droi)ped in the mountain; they found it and brought it to me at night, 
and I gave them a pistol for their trouble. We called the highest mountain 
Mount Gc^orge, and the one we crossed over Mount Spotswood. 

Tth. — At seven in the morning we mounted our horses and parted with the 
rangeis, who were to go farther on, and we returned homewards. We repass- 
ed the mountains, and at five in the afternoon we came to Hospital Camp, 
where we left our sick men and heavy baggage, and we found all things well 
and safe. We encamped here and called it Captain Clonder's Camp. 

Sth. — At nine we were all on horseback. We saw several bears and deer, 
and killed some wild turkey. We encamjjed at the side of a run and called 
the place Mason's Camp We had good forage for our horses, and \ve lay as 
usual. Made twenty miles this day. 

Kth.— We set out at nine of the clock, , and before twelve we saAv several 
bears, and killed three. One of them attacked one of our men that was riding 
after him and narrowly missed him ; he tore his things that he had l)ehind 
him from off his horse, and would have destroyed him had he not had innne- 
diate help from the otlier men and our dogs. Some of the dogs suffered severe- 
ly in this engagement. At tw(> we crossed one of the branches of the Rappa- 
iiannock River; and at five we encamped on the side of the Rapid Ann, on a 
tract of land that Mr. Beverly hath design to take up. We made this day 
twenty-three miles, and called this Captain Smith's (^'amp. We ate part of 
one of the bears, which tasted very well, and would be good and might pass 
for veal if one did not know what it was. We were very merry, and diverted 
ourselves with our adventures. 

10th. — At eight we were on horseback, and about ten, as we were going up 
a small hill, Mr. Beverly and his horse fell down, and they both rolled to the 
})ottom; l)UT there were no bones broken on either side. x\t twelve as we were 
crossing a run of water, Mr. Clonder fell in, so we called this place Clonder's 
Run. At one we arrived at a large spring, where we dined and drank a bowl 
of punch. We called this Fontaine's Spring. Aljotit two we got on horse- 
back, and ivt four we reached Germanna. 


Spotewood instituted what he called the Tramontane Order, in commem- 
oration of the expedition, eat^h f^entleman being entitled to wear the fi:olden 
horseshoe who could prove that he had drunk his Majesty's health on Mt. 
CTeorf,'e. The }?ol<]en horse-shoes' deeended as heirlooms in several families. 
Judj?e Brooke, in his autobiography, speaks of on<^ in the possession of Ed- 
mund Brooke, whose ancestor was of the party. This gentleman died in 
Georgetown, D. C, and we had hoped to find the relic in his daughter's pos- 
session, but it had been lost. Campbell speaks of the late Mrs. Bott, of Peters- 
burg, a descendant of Spotswood, having seen the miniature horseshoe be- 
longing to Spotswood, and that it was small enough to be worn on a watch- 
chain. Spotswood probably had more than one of them, as we find it said in 
the Byrd manuscripts that when Spotswood made a treaty with the five na- 
tions of Indians at Albany, in 1722, in which they bound themselves not to 
pass the Potomac or the Blue Ridge, the Governor told the Indians that they 
must take particular notice of their speaker, and gave him a golden horse- 
shoe which he wore at his breast, and bade the interpreter tell him that there 
was an inscription on it which signified that it would help him to pass the 
mountains, and that when any of their people should come to Virginia they 
must bring that with them. These things are like dreams to us now. With 
a population which has not only transcended the Blue Ridge, but the Alle- 
ghany and Rocky Mountains, and reached the Golden Gate of California, it is 
hard to realize that only 1(50 years ago Germanna was a frontier post, and the 
great AVest an unknown world, except to the wild Indian, whose tribes have 
melted away before the jjale faces like snow before the sun, and whose barque, 
like that of the crew of the fabled phantom ship, " rides on and on, and an- 
chored ne'er shall be.'' 


Salve PosteritasI 
Posteritas Germano-politana. 

The German people is a potent element in American civilization. The 
number of Germantowns in the United States is curious and suggestive. The 
oldest of these is the one in Pennsylvania, which was the scene of the battle 
of Germantown in the old Revolution, in which so many of the men of St. 
Mark's figured. It was established in 10S3, under the auspices of Pastorius, to 
provide, as he said, a " pellace " or refuge from the judgements impending 
over the old world, and to Christianize the naked-going savages. He compos- 
ed a noble Latin ode on the occasion, beginning — 

Salve Posteritas I 
Posteritas Germano-politana, 

which Whittier has put beautifully into B>nglish verse thus : 

Hail to Posterity ! 
Hail, future men of (TermanopolisI 
lift tlie young gtMieration, yet to be, 


Look kindly npou this; 
Think how our fatliers left their native hind- 
Dear (ierinan land I () saored hearts and lionies I — 

And where the wild beast roams, 

In ])atience planned 
New forest homes, l)eyond the mighty sea, 

There undisturbed and free, 

To live as brothers of one family, 

What pains and cares befel, 

AVhat trials and wliat fears. 
Remember, and whenever we have done well. 

Follow our footsteps, men of eominj^ years. 

Where we have failed to do 

Au^ht, or wiselv live 
Be warned by us, the better way pursue. 
And knowintj; we were human, even as you, 

Pity us aniiforfjcive. 

Farewell, Posterity ! 

Farewell, dear (Termanyl 

Foreverinore farewell I 
See Memorial Thomas Potts, Jr., V)y Mrs. James.) 

Our Germanna was settled under the auspices of Governor Spotswood 
in 1714, on a peninsula of 400 acres of land on the banks of the Rapidan. These 
Germans came directly from Oldensburg, or were a remnant of a settlement 
planted under the auspices of the Baron de Graflfenried in North Carolina, 
many of whom were massacred by the Tuscarora Indians, as related by Gov- 
ernor Spotswood in a letter of October 1711, which is published in Perry's 
Collections from the archives of Fulham and Lambeth. Spotswood, says he 
had demanded the release of De GralTenried, the Chief of the Palatines and 
Swiss, M'ho had been taken prisoner, and was, he feared, reserved for tortuie 
l)y fire. That these Germans mif?ht have been the survivors of the massacre 
in North Carolina is a mere conjectui-e, suggested by the fact that De Grafl'en- 
ried was the leader of both parties. I have just found in the Spotswood MSS. 
the following paragraph in a letter of Governor Spotswood to the Commis- 
sioners of Trade in England, dated May 1714:—" I continue to settle our trib- 
\itary Indians, and in order to supply that part which w;is to have been cover- 
ed by the Tuscarora Indi;ins, I have placed there a number of Protestant Ger- 
mans, built them a fort, furnished it witli two pieces of cannon and some aui- 
niunition. which will awe the straggling parties of Nortliern Indians and be 
a got>d barrier to all that part of the country. These Germans were invited 
over some years ago by the Baron De Graflfenreid, who had her Majesty's let- 
ter to the Governor t6 furnish them with land after their arrival. They are 
generally such as have been employed in their own country in mines, and say 
they are satisfied; there are divers kinds of minerals where they are settled, 
and even a good appearance of silver ; l)ut it is impossible to know whether 
those mines will turn to account without digging some depth— a liberty 1 shall 
not give them until I hear from your Lordships.'' 

The Germans landed at Tappahannock, and a dispute arose between them 
and the captain of the ship in which they sailed, about the money for their 
passage. The captain refused to delivtr their effects until his demand was 
satisfied. Governor Spotswood being present, proposed that if the Germans 
would .settle on liis land and remain long enough to instruct some of his young 
men in mechanical trades, he w^ould pay the bill. They consented, and hence 
the settlement at Germaiiim. In 1714, John Fontaine and .lohnClayton of Wil- 
liamsburg visited Germanna, and described it as follows:— " We went to the 
German minister's hmise (they say), and finding nothing to eat lived upon our 


own provisions aiul luy up<>n straw. t)ur beds not beinj;- easy, we got up at 
break of day, and in a hard rain walked about the town, which is palisaded 
with stakes stuck in the ^I'ound close to each other, and of substance to resist 
niusker-shot. There are but nine fanulies, and nine houses in all in a line; 
and before every house, twenty feet distant, they have sheds for tlieir hof?s 
and their hens ; so that hog-stys on one side and dwellings on the other 
make a street. The place paled in is a pentagon, regularly laid out ; and in 
tlie centre is a block-liouse with five sides, answering to the five sides of the 
great enclosure. There are loop-holes in it, from which you may see all the 
inside of the enclosure. This is intended for a retreat in case of their not be- 
ing able to defend the palisades from the Indians. They use the block-house 
for Divine service. They go to prayers once a day and have two services Sun- 
day. We went to hear them perform their services, which is done in their 
own language, wiiicli we did not understand, but they seem very devout and 
sing the psalms very well. This settlement is (1714) thirty miles from any in- 
habitant. They live very miserably. For want of provisions we were obliged 
to go. We got from the minister a bit of smoked beef and cabbage, and gave 
liim thirty shillings and took our leave. In less than three hours on our way 
Ave saw nineteen deer; and we lodged at Mr. Smith's, at the Falls of the Rap- 

We must now let the Uermans Hj)eak for themselves. In the archives of 
tiie English society for propagating the (iospel in foreign parts is the follow- 
ing memorial:— " The case of thirty-two Protestant (lerman families settled 
in Virginia humbly sheweth, that twelve Protestant German families, consist- 
ing of about fifty persons, arrived .Vpril 1TI4, in Virginia, and were there set- 
tled near Rappahannock River. Tl:^t in 1717, twenty Protestant German 
familes, consist of about four-score persons, came and settled down near their 
countryjnen. And many more Germans jmd Swiss are likely to come. For the 
ministries of religion there will be a necessity for a small church and for a 
minister, who shall catechise and perfoi-m Divine offices among them in the 
(lerman tongue, which is the only language they do yet understand. That 
there came indeed over with the lirst twelve (.ierman families a minister, nam- 
ed Henry Haeger — a very sober, honest man, about seventy- five years old; but 
he being likely soon to be past service, we have empowered Mr. J. C. Zollicoff- 
er, of St. (iall, Switzerland, to go to Euroi)e and obtani suVjscriptions from 
pious Christians towards building a church, and bringing over with him a 
youiiff German minister to assist Mr. Haeger, and to succeed him when lie 
shall die ; to get him ordained in England by the Right Rev. Bishoj) of Lon- 
don, and to brinp: over with him tlu^ Liturgy of the Church of England, trans- 
lated into High Dutch, which they are des-irous to use in public worshii). 
But this settlement consisting of only mean (poor) persons, utterly unable to 
build a church and snpi)()rt an assistant minister, they humbly implore the 
countenance, &c.. of the Bishop of Jjondon and other Bishops, and the venei'- 
al)le society for propagating the (rospel in foreign parts, that they would take 
the case under their i)ious consideration a'.id grant their usual all«)wance for 
the support of a minister, and if it may be so subscribe something towards 
the building of their church, and they shall ever pray that the Lord may re- 
ward their benefic^ence here and hereafter." The above petition was sent in 

In the year \7'2U S|)orsylvaiiia w;--^ cut oil from Hssex, and the }*arisli of St. 
(Jeorge, coterminous with tiie c'j!inry,was erected in 1721. (Tovernor Spotswood 
lixed the seat of justice at (xermanna, and the lirst court, coiniiosed of John 
Taliaferro and otiiers, was liolden 1st August. 17'J'2. An ;i{)proprialion was 

made by the Greneral Assembly of £r)00 foi- a chvireii, a prison, a pillory and 
stocks. The Act of Assembly contains this clause, doubtless for the benefit 
of the Germans: " Because foreign Protestants may not understand English 
readily, if any such shall entertain a minister of their own, they and their 
tithables shall be free from taxes for ten years." 

By the help of Governor Spotswood a church was built, and Spotsylvania 
(bounty, named after Spotswood, and St. George's Parisli began their career 
at Germanna, named from the Germans and Queen Anne. Governor Spots- 
wood, soon after made his liome at Germanna. The Rev. Hugh Jones, in his 
'' Present State of Virginia," published about 1724, thus describes Germanna : 
" Beyond Governor Spotswood's furnace, within view of the yast mountains, 
he has founded a town called Germanna, from the Germans sent over by 
Queen Anne, who are now removed up further. Here Spotswood has servants 
and workmen of most handicraft trades ; and he is building a church, court 
house, and dwelling-house for himself, and has cleared plantations about it, 
encouraging people to come and settle in that uninhabited part of the Coun- 
try, lately erected into a county. Beyond this (continues Jones) is seated tlie 
colony of the Germans Palatine." 

These Germans Palatine were probably the founders of Germantown in 
Fauquier. However this may be it is certain that the records of Fauquier de- 
velop the fact that in 1718 Jacob Spilman, John Hoffman, John and Herman 
Fishback, Peter Hitt, Jacob " Hdll'zclaw,' and William Weaver, not finding 
room at Germanna, moved to Germantown. Only three of these (Hoffman, 
Fishback and Weaver) having been naturalized,they were sent to enter lands at 
Germantown. The title was in these three, and they were to make leases for 
ninety-nine years. The patent was issued in 1724. Copies of the leases are on 
record. Tillman Weaver, in his last will (1754, Dec. 14th), devises property ro 
TiUaian W., to Ann, wife of Jno Kemper, arid Mary, wife of Herman Hitt, 
Eva, wife of Samuel Porter, Jacob, Elizabeth, Catharine, &c. Peter Hitt in 
liis will, 1771, devises to John, Jos.. Herman, Peter, and to Mary, wife of Ja- 
cob Rector. Peter Hitt married Sarah James, and Jos. Hitt marrieel Mary 
Coons. Several of these persons have their representatives in Fauquier, Cul- 
peper and Madison counties. 

Colonel Byrd, already quoted, said that in 1732, while on a visit to Colo- 
nel Spotswood, he saw the ruinous tenements which they, the Germans, liad 
occupied at (yermanna, and adds that they had moved higher up to the forks 
of the Rappannock (the Rapidan) to lands of their own, which must mean 
what is now the County of Madison, whicli lies within that fork. From the 
testimony of these witnesses the Germans must have migvated to Madison 
before 1724. The tradition is that they were disgusted with the poverty of the 
soil and the harsh treatment of their overseers in the mines; and resolved to 
seek their fortunes on the banks of the Robinson River; and from them has 
descended the very thrifty German element in the population of Madison 
County. What was the fate of their petition to London for a minister is not 
known. Had it succeeded we might have had a flourishing German Episco- 
]>al church in Virginia. The Church of England being subject to the State, 
and the British Ministry being generally governed in their policy to the 
Church by considerations of political expediency, may not have acted in the 
premises. However that may have been, the tradition is that our German 
friends procured subscriptions in Europe for building a Lutheran church, 
which was erected about 1740, near the junction of White Oak Run and 
and the Robinson River, and still stands in good condition. It is in the form 
of a Maltese cross. Money was also raised in Euro|)e t() buy a pipe-organ of 


{rood 8i/.e,whieh 1 believe is still in use. Subscriptions were taken in SwedAi too, 
perhaps for a coinmunion service and other purposes, and the Kini; of Swed- 
en Avas said to liave been one of the subscribers, (reneral Banks of Madison, 
we are told, liad seen one of these subscription papers. The church was' en- 
dowed, held a Kl«^l*t\ and has money at interest. By the kindness of Governor 
Kemper I have a copy of the deed from William (carpenter to Michael Cook 
and Michael Smith, wardens and trustees of the Ger nan church, and people 
inhabiting; the fork of Rappahannock I'iver, in St. Mark's Parish and Coun- 
ty of Spotsylvania, and their successors, for a f?lebe for the use of the minister 
of the said German people and his successors, a tract of land jn the first fork 
of the Rapidan River, containing^ one hundred and ninety-three acres, more or 
less, &c. The deed is dated 1738, and si|?ned, sealed and delivered by William 
Carpenter in the presence of Jno. Waller, Robert Turner, Ed. Broughton, Jas. 
King- and William Henderson. This Michael Cook was no doubt the same 
who, with George Woots, was appointed by the vestry in ITSD^to count all the 
tobacco plants from the mouth of the Robinson River up to the Great Moun- 
tains, including Mark Jones's plantation. The services in this church were 
originally in German, then once a month in English, and subsequently entire- 
ly in the English tongue. 

Our interest in the history of this church is enhanced by the interchange 
of courtesies between the Lutherans and Episcopalians. The late Samuel 
Slaughter of this county remembered to have seen these Lutherans, Avhen 
they had no minister of tlieir own, came to Buck Run Episcopal church in 
Culpeper to receive the holy communion; and the late venerable Mrs. Sarah 
Lewis, the great-grandmother of Mrs. Dr Robert Lewis, of Culpeper, remem- 
bered when the Lutheran minister, Mr. Carpenter, used to baptize and per- 
form other ministerial offices for the Episcopalians of Madison when they had 
iio minister. ]\rany of the first grist-mills on the Robinson River and its tribu- 
taries were built by German mechanics. The first German settlers are said to 
have suffered occasionally from the incursions of the Indians. There is a' tra- 
dition that the last person killed by the Indians in this region was murdered 
near what is now New Hope Church. There are some large Old German Bi- 
bles extant Avhicli have descended as heirlooms frojn the primitive German.s. 
We are indebted to the venerable John Spotswood of (Grange GroVe, and to 
Dr. Andrew Grinnan of Madison, for some of the traditions referred to in the 
above chapter. 



December 4th, 1849.— 1 am this day 91 years old. I was born in 1758 at my 
grandfathers, Major Philip Clayton's, who lived at Catalpa, where the Hon. 
J. S. Barl)our now lives. My father. Col. James Slaughter, tlien lived on the 
Rappahannock Rivei- where Jones Green now lives. I went to school to 
John AVigginton, a fir^t-rate English teacher in the Little Fork. My father 
sold this farm to Gavin Lawson, and bought another of his brotlier. Col. Fran- 
cis Slaughter, near Culpeper C. H., where Samuel Rixey now lives. When we 
moyed to the latter place, I went to write in the clerk's offi^e with my grand- 
father, Major Clayton, who did the duties of that office for Roger Dixon, the 


f.lei'k, whose home was iu the lower country. After Dixon's death, Jolin 
Jameson, who had served a regular apprenticeship in the clerk's office, was 
made clerk of the county. After several years' service in the office with Clay- 
ton and Jameson, my father withdrew me and sent me to a "Grammar School" 
of which Adam (ioodlet (a Scotchman) was master, and which was the first 
public school in which Latin and Greek were tauprht in Culpeper County. 
[Adam Goodlet afterwards tau2:ht school in the Taylor Settlement in Or- 
ange. Col. F. Taylor often speaks of him in his diary, and mentions James 
Madison, Jr., (the future President) examining Goodlet's scholars.] 

'^ i> fter ffoins to school to Goodlet 18 months, the American Revolution be- 
finn, and I, not yet 17 years old, entered in Capt. John Jameson's company of 
minute-men. Culpeper, Fauquier, and Oranp^e havinf? agrreed to raise a regi- 
ment, with Lawre nce Taliaferr o of Oranfje as Colonel. Fdward Stevens of Cul- 
peper as Lieutenant-Colonel, and Thomas Marshall of Fauquier as Major, the 
reo:iment met in Major Clayton's old field, near Culpeper C. H., to drill, in 
strouiT brown linen hunting-shirts, dyed with leaves, and the words "Liberty 
or Death" w'orked in large white letters on the breast, bucktails in each hat, 
and a' leather belt about the shoulders with tomahawk and scalping-knife. In 
a few days an express came from Patrick Henry, commander of the First Vir- 
ginia Continental Regiment, saying that Dunmore had attempted to carry the 
military stores from the magazine at Williamsburg to the ships, &c. We 
marched immediately, and in a few days Avere in WilliamsburgJ The people 
hearing that we came from the backwoods, and seeing our savage-looking 
equii»ments, seemed as much afraid of us as if we -had been Indians. We took 
l)ride in demeaning ourselves as i)atriots and gentlemen, and the people soon 
treated us with respect and great kindness. Most of us had only fowiing-piec- 
es and squirrel-guns. (_Dunmore having gone on board of a British man of-\yai-, 
half of the minute-men were discharged. 

My father, Col. James Slaughter, with Col. Marshall and others, had the 
honor of being in the first battle (the Great Bridge) fought in Virginia. I was 
sent home to school. In the spring of 177GI again left school and entered iu 
Col. John Jameson's troop of cavalry for three years. But before we marched 
I was api)ointed by the Committee of Safety of Culpeper a Lieutenant in Capt. 
Gabriel Long's company of riflemen, and we marched to join the army under 
Washington in New York. In 1777 we were attached to the 11th Continental 
Kegiment, commanded by Daniel Morgan. 

Lt. Slaughter was i)romoted to a captaincy in 1778, and served during the 
war. being in the battles of Brandy wine, Germantown, &cj He was one of the 
sufferers at Valley Forge. His messmates were the tw^o Porterflelds, Johnson, 
and Lt. John (Chief Justice) Marshall. They were reduced sometimes to a 
single shirt, having to wrap themselves in a blanket Avhen that was washed; 
not one soldier in five had a blanket. The snow- was knee deep all the winter, 
and stained with the blood from the naked feet of the soldiers. From the 
body of their shirts the officers had collars and wrist-bands made to appear on 

Capt. Slaughter kept a diary of his campaigns, which was lost in the 
Avreck of so many fine libraries in the late war. Among the many anecdotes 
with which it abounded was the following concerning the late Chief Justice 
Marshall, at a camp on a night or two before the battle of Brandywine: — "At 
ten in the night we were aroused from sleep. Lt. Marshall had raked up some 
leaves to sleep on; he had pulled ofT one of his stockhigs in the night (the on- 
ly pair of silk stockings in the regiment), and not being able to find it in 
th^ dark, he set fire to tlie leaves, and before he saw it a large hole had been 


burnt in it. He pulled it on so, and away we vvi nt," &r. 

Capt. Slaut;hter''s diary atter the Revoluti )n is preserved to 1849, when he 
died and was buried in Kicbuiond. 


As, was said in tlie text of this liistory, the Rev. J. Stevenson married Fan- 
ny, the sister of Le\^is Littlejiafj^t*. This jyentlenian was born in Hanover 
county, Va., on 19th ])eceniber, 17G2, and died in Fredericksburg, July 19tli, 
1802. His career was brief, brilliant and unique; and yet thei-e are but few 
who seem to have heard of the battles, sieves, fortunes he had passed, tlie 
many accidents by flood and field, his hair-breadth 'scapes, &c. His name has 
nearly lapsed from history, or rather he never had a niche in our temple of 
fame; for Europe and not America, was the theatre on which he played his 
part. 1 am indebted to Dr. Payne, the fi^reat-grandson of Mr. Stevenson, for 
an origrinal lettev, in which he narrates to his family the story of his life from 
1785 to 1T98. From the Memoirs of Elkanah Watson I am able to supply sonie 
incidents of liis life up to the time when the narrative in his own letter bej^ins. 

Mr. Watson says: — "Durinj^ my residence at Nantes I became intimately 
a(^quainted with Lewis Litllepaj^e. one of the most, remarkable characters of 
the age. He arrived in Nantes dui-iug the winter of 1779-80 on his way to Ma- 
drid, under the patronage of Mr. Jay. our stern and able minister to the court 
of Spain. He was then a meiv youth, of fine manly figure, with a dark, pene- 
trating black eye, and a physiognomy j)eculiar and striking. At that early pe- 
riod he was regarded as a prodigy of gejiius and accpiirements. When I again 
heard of him he had separated from Mr. Jay's family, and entered as a volun- 
teer aide to the Duke de Cuillon at the siege of Minorca. At the attack of Gi- 
braltar he was on one of tlie floating batteries, and was blown up, but saved. 
He participated in a conspicuous manner in the thrilling incidents of that 
memorable siege. After his catastophe in the floating battery he got a situa- 
tion on the Spanish Admiral's ship, and in one of the engagements he stood 
upon the quarter-deck during the l)attle and sketched the various i)ontoons of 
the fleet. On the return of the Si>anish fleet to Cadiz, lie was sent with an of- 
ficer to Madrid witli disiKitches, and exliibited to the minister a curious and 
scientific view of the battle, and was received with great applause and distinc- 
tion at the court of Madrid. In the April following the close of the war I din- 
ed with him at Dr. Franklin's, in Pnssy, and saw the sketch. At Paris ami 
Versailles he moved in the first circles and attracted marked attention. lu 
.lune he made a visit to my bacheLir hall in Berkeley Square. London. I 
never saw him again. He made the tour of Europe and e8tal>lished himself at 
Warsaw, and became in effect, Prime Minister, went to St. Petersburg as am- 
bassador from Poland, acquitted himself with distinguished ability, and be 
came one of the favorites of the Empress Catherine/' &c. 

Tlie following letter of J^ewis Littlepage to Lewis Holliday takes uj) the 
story of his lite where Watson's narrative ends, and completes the account of 
his eventful careei- in Europe. "" 

.Vui'DN A, 9iMi Jamauy, isoi. 
I)j-;ai{ Sik: — 

I iiave this day received yotn- letter of the ',"2 nd August. ISfH) . . . Since 
my existence is called in tpiestion, 1 give you, for the satisfactiini of my family 
and friends, a short account of all that has happened tome in Kuroi)e since 
17H,j. On the 2nd March 1 ;S(i, I was sworn into the King ol l\)laiid's Cabinet as 
iijs/n-st confidential secretary, with the rank of Ciiamberlain In Februarv. 
17H7, i was sent to lu-gotiate a treaty with the Km])ress of Russia at Kiovia. 
which 1 efl'ecrted. Tiu' same year 1 was sent as secret and special envov to the 
court of I'rauce to assist in the negotiations for tiie grand (Quadruple .Uliaiic^", 


■\vhieh faiMed. In 1788 I was recalled, and sent to Prince Potemkiu's army in 
the Turkish war, where I coniiuanded a division, acting? at the same time in a 
political character. In 178!) 1 was compelled to leave Poland and travel to It- 
aly. Shortly after I received orders to repair to Madrid npon a high political 
mission, in which I completely succeeded. In 1790 I was recalled from Spain 
and ordered to wait ultimate instructions at Paris. 1 afterwards received or- 
ders to repair by the way of Berlin to Warsaw for the revolution of the >id 
May 1791. In li\)'2, 120,000 Russians invaded l^oland. I was nominated Aide- 
de-camp-jj:eneral to the Ivin<^, witli tlie rank of Major (ieneral. He sij^ned the 
confederation of Far^owitz, and in Ai>ril, 179:^, sent me once more as his spec- 
ial envoy to Petersl)ar<; to prevent the tlivision of Poland. I was stopped by 
the Russian (jov^ernment on the road, and the division took place. In 1794 
Kosciusko and Madalinski be^jcan another revolution in Poland. On 17th 
April the garrison and inhabitants of Waisaw rose in arms against the Rus- 
sians; to save the life of my unfortunate friend and king I was obliged to take 
part with Poland, and that dreadful battle ended in the slaughter of 10,000 
Russians. The Empress Catiierinell. never forgave me my conduct upon that 
occasion. She was more irritated against me by hearing that I had consented 
to accept as commander-in chief under the revolutionary goverrnnent, al- 
though 1 was destined to act against Russia. My having assisted in rej)elling 
the Russian armies in their attempt to storm Willna, gave also offence. In 
short, I had gone so far in the revolution that I should have gone much far- 
ther had 1 not been defeated with my friend Prince Joseph Poniatoski, the 
King's nephew, by the late King of Russia on the 2(ith August, 1794. That 
event lost me all my popularity. It was very near getting me hanged, for 1 
was regarded as the acting person, although upon my honor. Prince Poniatos- 
ki acted that day against my advice. The King of Russia attacked us with 
about three times our force, both in men and artillery, and Kosciusko afford- 
ed us no support until we were beaten beyond redemption, although neither 
his left or centre were engaged the whole day otherwise than in cannonading. 

After the battle of 2iith August 1 took no further [)art in military affairs 
until the storming of Prague, which cost the lives of 22.000 Polanders. On the 
7th January, 17o~, the King of Poland was taken from Warsaw by the Russians 
to he conveyed to Grodno. 1 was separated from him by express orders of the 
Empress, and it was hinted to be that nothing less than my former services in 
the Turkish war could have saved me from sharing the fate of the other chiefs 
of the revolution of 1794. After the departure of the King 1 set out for Vienna, 
but was immediately ordered to leave that metropolis, which produced a i)ub- 
lic altercation l)etween me and the Austrian ministry, but which ended to my 
satisfaction, as Russia came forward and did me justice. The King of Prussia, 
Frederick William II., afterwards allowed me to return to Warsaw, then un- 
der his dominion, wheve I remained until the deatli of the Emi)ress Catherine 
II. I was then invited to go to Petersburg with the King of Poland, but re- 
fused unless reparation was made to me for the treatment I had recently ex- 
l)erienced. The Eniix-ror said tluvt ''all that regarded his ujother; as he had 
given no offence, he should make no rejjaration." I perhaps might have gone 
at last to Russia, but was prevented by the sudden death of my friend, my 
nuaster, my more than father. Stanislaus Augustus, King of Poland, who ex- 
I)ired at Petersburg 12th Fel)''y., 1798. After that melancholy event a long 
correspondence took ])]ace between the Emperor of Russia and myself, which 
ended in his paying me in a very noble manner the sum assigned me by the 
King of Poland as a, reward of my long and dangerous services. 

I arrived in Hamburg in October last. My intention Was to go either to 
France or England, l)ut 1 found myself strangely embroiled with both these 
gf>vernments. I have settled matters in France, btit not yet in England. The 
ministers there persist in l)elieving me to be sent uijon a secret envoy from the 
Emperior of Russia, who is now at variance with England, (iod knows 1 am 
sick of Eviro|)ean i)olitics. I intended to have spent the winter in Hambuj-g. 
but was driven from that sink of ini(iuity by a most ati-ocious plot against my 
life and fortune. The latter is in safety, and should I perish even here under 
the hospitable government of Denmark, 1 sluill leave nine or ten thousand 
l)()unds sterlirur so disposed of that my assassins cannot prevent its coming to 
my fainily. That sum is all I have saved from the wreck of my fortunes in 
I'oland. In the si)ring I siiall i)roceed to America, either l)y the way of France 
or directlv from lience, provided I escape the daggers and poison with v\ hich I 
am threatened here. 


My duty and aflfeetion to my mother, and kindest remembrance to all re- 
lations and friends. 

Ever yours, niv dear Sir. 

Lkwis Holliday. 

If the adventurous career of Lewis Littlepage needed confirmation, inci- 
dental proof and illustration of it will lie found in the personal souvenirs de- 
vised by him to Waller HoUaday and inherited by Col. Alexander Holladay, 
by whom they were kindly shown to the author: 

1. The original patent conferring the position of Chamberlain upon Lew- 
is Littlepage upon his entrance into the Polish Cabinet, 1787, signed by the 

2. The original patent of Knighthood of the Order of St. Stanislaus, 1790, 
signed by the King. 

8. The letter from the Prince of Nassau requesting the Marshal de Ligne 
to give Lewis Littlepage a cai)taincy in the regiment Royale TAllemande, re- 
citing Littlepage's distinguished serAnce at Port Mahon and (iiljraltar. 

4. The letter of the Duque de Cuillon assigning Lewis Littlejiage to his 

5. The letter of Court Ploiicla Blanca recommending Lewis Littlepage. 
a. The passport of Lewis Littlepage for his inission to France. 

7. Lewis Littlepage's gold-hilted rapier ])resented to him by the Queen of 

8. Lewis Littlepage's gold kej', his badge as chamberlain to the King of 

9. The portrait of the King of Poland presented to Lewis Littlepage by 
the King on their final parting at (xrodno. 

.__Jir. Payjie has too the insignia of Littlepage's knighthood, the Star of the 
order of Stanislaus. In the centre is a convex silver plate, on which, formed 
of small ruby sets, are the initials S. A. R., Stanislaus Augustus Rex; sur- 
rounding this, wrought with gold thread, is the motto, Incitat Proemiaxdo. 
Around this is a brilliant green border with gilt leaves. The r.iys of the star 
are silver spangles. 


A very curious article might be written on the literature of tobacco, in- 
volving its relation to the church and the State, and its influence on the indi- 
vidual mind and body, on manners and habits, and the general wealth and 
hai)j)iness of the world. Such an article mighr be illustrated by the authority 
of statesmen, lawyei-s, medical men, merchants, farmers and political econo- 
mists, and adorned with gems of wisdom and of wit from nearly all the En- 
glish scholars and poets, from King James' 'njouiiterl>last" to ('liarles Lambs 
"Farewell to Tol)acco," in which praises and curses alternate with amusing 
felicity. It is interwoven with the history of Virginia at every stage of its 
progress, in colonial times many Acts of Assembly were i)assed regulating its 
«'ulture, and oue office of the early vestries was to appoint reputable freehold- 
ers to count tobacco plants in each parish. Thus, as early as 17'2H, Goodrich 
Jiightfoot and Robert Slaughter (M)unte(l the plants from the mouth of Moun- 
tain Kun (in what is now Culpeper) up to .Joseph Howe's Plantation, and 
across to the mouth of the liobinson River: Robert Green and Francis Kirtley 
on the other side of Mountain Run to the North River; (ieorge VVoots and 
Michael Cook from the mouth of the Robinson River up to the Great M o\iii- 

tains. The salaries of ministers and civil oflicers were paid in tobacco, and it, 
or notes represent' njr it in the warehouse, were the currency of the country. 
Some of these notes are now before us. Parishes too were known as "Orinoco" 
and "Sweet-scented'' i)arishes, according to the kind of tobacco p:rown in them. 
The salary of a minister was 10,000 lbs. of tobacco, the value of which varied 
from £40 to £80 in money. A sweet-scented parish was worth much more than 
an Orinoco parish. There was a deduction of 8 per cent, for cash, and tobac- 
co was sometimes as low as six shillings current money. A minister's tobacco 
was worth less than other like bulks of tobacco, l)ecause it was so mixed. Many 
flourishing towns, as Dumfries and Falmouth, (S:e., where Scotch merchants 
grew rich in this trade, sprang up in Virginia. In Glasgow there is now a 
"Virginia Street," and that city received a great impulse from becoming the 
entrepot whence the farmers general of France derived their supplies of to- 
bacco from Virginia. 

The Pixk Trek axd its Friut.s— Salahiks paid ix Tah. 

These two were sul)jects of legislation. Tar was once in gi-eat demand for 
tarring the roofs of public and private buildings. Special instructions were 
given l)y the fieneral /. ssembly of Virginia for preparing pine-trees by strip- 
ping the bark from the trunk of the trees, eight feet from the root, leaving a 
small slip to keep the tree aliye, when in a short time, it was said, the sun 
would draw the turpentine to the surface, and the whole trunk woiild become 
light- wood. 

It may not generally be known that towards the North Carolina line, 
where little or no tobacco was grown, the minister Avas paid in tar, jiitch and 
pork; so says the Rev. Mr. Bagg in his report (1724) to the Bishop of London. 




Many of these family-trees had theii* roots in trreat Britain ages ago; but 
it would take too much space to trace them there. As a general rule, we limit 
ourselves to the branches which were ti'ansplanted in Vh'ginia. If our notices 
of some of tne families are more extended than those of others, it is because 
the former were better known to us. Onr design in printing these genealogies 
is to gratify a natural desire, which most j^ei-sons feel, to knoAv something of 
their forefathers, and to show how family-trees in a few generations interlock 
their branches. It is more creditable to transmit an honorable name to one's 
idiildren than it is to derive it from one's ancestors, and to be descended from 
good and true men than from- a long line of unworthy forefathers, even though 
it 1)6 a line of kings and queens. But it seems to be unnatural and irrational 
to attac^h more value to the pedigrees of horses and herds than to the pedi- 
grees of men and women. One end of history is to reproduce the past for the 
gratification and instruction of the present; and it is surely (at least) an inno- 


cent curiosity to look back at those who in the past century cleared the land 
which we now till, and who laid the foundation of tlie institutions under 
which we live. 

Explanations of the abbreviations to he found in the ^genealogies:— in. 
means married; ch., child or children; dau., daughter, and d. s. p., died with- 
out offspring. 


This family is of Scotch origin. There was a John Barbour who was 
Archdeacon of Old Aberdeen as early as i:io7. He was the author of the his- 
torical poem of the Life and Actions of Kinj^ Robert Hruce. Whether lie was 
the root in Scotland of the branches of the family in Yir^ania, the writer does 
not know. Our relations are with James Barbour, the first of the name in 
what is now Culpeper.He was one of the first vestrymen of St.Mark's Parish at 
its organization at Germanna in 1731, and served in that office until the di- 
vision of the parish in 1740. which threw him into the new parish of St. Thom- 
as in Orange County where he lived. If the old register of St. Thomas Parish 
had been preserved, we should doubtless have found his name as vestryman 
there. Among his children were 1st James, who represented Culpeper in the 
House of Burgesses in 1704. He was the father of Mordecai Barbour, who 
iharried a daughter of John Strode of Fleetwood in Culpeper, and of Thomas, 
Kichard and (Tabriel, of whom the last three migrated to Kentucky. The 
Hon. John S. BarV)our, M. C, lirilliant at the bar and in the legislative halls, 
was the son of Mordecai and Miss Strode. He married Miss Beirne of P.eten-- 
>)urg, and their children are, 1st John S. Barbour, President of the Virginia 
Midland Railroad, who married a daughter of Henry Dangerfield of Alexan- 
dria; 2d. .James, member of Assembly and Convention, wiio married Miss Beck- 
ham; M. Alfred, deceased: 4th. Dr. Edwin Barbour; Hth. Sally; 6th>^EIiza (Mrs. 
(xeorge Thoiui)son.) 

Thomas, son of James 1st, represented Orange in the Assembly in 1775, and 
St. Thomas Parish in the Convention in 1785-86-90. He married' Ij^ibell.^, 
Tiiomas, daughter of Philip Pendleton. There children were, 1st. Dr. Richard, 
and 2d. Thomas, who died in Ijiitu: youth; 3d. Hon. Philip P. Barbour, Speak- 
er of Congress, and of the Convention of 1629-:j^>, and Justice of the Supreme 
Court U. S. He married Frances Todd^r^iighter of Benj amiii ^ Johnson of 
Orange. His children were: 1st. Philippa, who married Judge Field of (Culpep- 
er; 2d. Elizabetli, who married John J. Ambler of Jacquelin Hall, Madison 
County; 3d. Thomas, M. D., Avho married Catherine Strother of Rappahan- 
nock County; he died in St. Louis of cholera in 1.S4!); 4th. Edmund I'endleton 
who married Harriet, daughter of Col. John Stuart of King (yeorge, and died 
in IHol; .Ith. (.^uintus, who married Mary, daughter of James Somerville of 
(hilpeper; (ith. Sextus, died in St. Louis; 7th. Septimus, died in infancy. The 
Hon. P. P. Barbour died in Washington, attending the Supreme Court Feb- 
ruary, 1841 His widow died April, 1872, aged 8i>. 

4th. James, son of Thomas and grandson "of James 1st, was bovn June 10th, 
177."). He was (xovernor of Virginia, Senator of U. S., Minister to p]ngland, 
Secretary of War, &c. Besides their other qualities, the two brothers had a 
wondrous faculty of speech in conversjition and in the forum. James married, 
()ctol)er 20tl), 1792, Lucy, daughter of Benjamin Johnson. Their children 
were:— 1st. Benjamin Johnson Harl)our. who died in 1820 in the 20th year of 
his age; 2d. James, who died >Jovember 7th, 1857: 3d. lienjamin Johnson rSai'- 
bour, born June 14th, 1821. and married November 17th, 1844, Caroline Hcnuie- 
sel. daughter of the late eminent Dr. (ieorge Watson of Richmond. Mi- t<ar- 


l)our inhorits the j?enius of his father, informed by rare culture, but he follows 
the example of his j?reat -grandfather, and is coiiteuit to be warden of the 
church. He was elected to Coufxress in 18(55; but the representatives of Vir- 
jjinia of that year were not admitted to their seats. 4th. Lucy, daughter of 
(Toveruor Barl)our, uiarried (18'3"^) John Seymour Taliaferro, who was unhap- 
pily drowned in 18"5(>; nth. Frances CorneHa Barbour married William Handy 
Collins, a. distinj^uished lawyer of Baltimore. 

Anions the daufj^hters of Ool. Thomas Barl)Our were: 1st. Lucy, who married 
Thomas Newman and had three dauf^hters, Mrs. Macon, Mrs. Welch and Wil- 
lielmina, and one son, James Barbour Newman. 2. Nelly, married Martin " 
Nalle of Culpeper, father of P. P. Nalle, warden of St. 'Paul's Church, who 
married first Miss ^Vallace, and second Miss Zimmerman, and is the father of 
Mrs. Steptoe, w'ife of the "Rector of St. Paul's. Cordelia Nalle married Joseph 
Hiden of Oranse, father of Rev. J. C. Hiden (Baptist), «jrreenville, S. C. Kd- 
monia Nalle married William Major, Esq., of Culpeper: Fanny Nalle married 
John C. Hansbrouyli (lawyer); Martinette Nalle married Blucher Hansbroiif^h j. . 
of Culj)eper; Lucetta Nalle married Greor^re Booton of Madisoii;_J+>r»e""?fn.TrR*3 
married George Clark of Washington, D. C; ' £- hoo. Nantr "tilarried Miss^ Hooe 7 

of Fredericksbur«:; Benjamin Johnson Nj/re died unmarried; Sarah Elle 
Nalle married Col. Grarrett Scott, father of Rev. F. (i. Scott of 
Church, (xordonsville, Va. ; and Mary Nalle m. Richard H. Willis. 
Sally, daughter of Thomas Barbour, married Gabriel Gray, 
and had daughters, Mrs. S. F. Leake, Mrs. William Anderson, Mrs. R. W. An- 
derson, and Mrs. (JowMes. Mary, daughter of Thos. Barbour, married Daniel 
Bryan— children, Mrs. Lathrop, Mrs. Judge W^ylie, Mrs. Brown, and two sons, 
B. Bryan and Wm. Bryan. 

James Barbour the head of the foregoing family, took out a patent for 
land on the Rapidan in 17:M. 

On the farm of Col. Garrett Scott in Orange is a granite tombstone just as 
old as St. Mark's Parish. The inscription is as follow.-s: Here lyeth the body 
of Jane, wife of John Scott, %Vho '^'as born ye 28th Dec, 1699, and departed 
this life ye 28th April, 1731. This farm is in direct lineal descent to the pres- 
ent owner from a grant known as the "Todd Grant." from the Crown of En- 

Note: In the Barbour genealogy page 52, the second paragraph should 
read that Thos. son of James 1st. m. Mary dan. of Richard Thomas and Isa- 
bella Pendleton Thomas. 


The first of this name in Virginia was Jno. Carter of Corotonian, who (lied 
in'16(>9. A chart of his descendants would fill this book. I limit this notice to 
thv*se known to the w riter in St. Mark's Parish. Robert, called King Carter, 
was the son of John 1st, by his wife Sarah Ludlowe. Robert m. (1G88) Judith 
Armstead, and among their children was John, who (1728) m. Eliza Hill of 
Shirley, and their third son Edward of Blenheim m. Sarah Champe 
and their dau. Eliza, m. William Stanard of Roxbury, Spots- 
ylvania, who was the grandfather of Virginia Stanard, who m. 
Samuel Slaughter, the old churchwarden of St. Mark's, and was the mother of 
Mrs. William Green of Richmond, of Mrs. Dr. Daniel Green, of Sally C, wife 
of Rev. William Lockwood of Md., of Marcia (Mrs. John B. Stanard). Elizabeth 
Stanard m. Jno. Thompson father of Fanny, wife of Rev. John Cole, of Miss 
Eliza Tiiouipson, and of Mrs. BulTington. Jane, daughter of Edward of Blen- 
heim m. Major Bradford of the British army, father of Sanniel K. Bradford of 


the Revolution, whose son, Saiiiuol K. Bradford, vestryman of St. Mark's ni. 
Emily, daujjhter of Samuel Slau{?hter (churchwarden of St. Mark's), and was 
the father of S. S. Bradford, present churchwarden; of Mrs. Gen. Wright, U. 
S. army ; of Mrs. Professor Nairne of Columbia Collef?e, New York; of Dr. 
Robert B. Bradford, and of Mrs. Van Schaik of New York City. William 
(Uiampe ('arter of Farley, (^ulpeper County, sixth son of Edward of Blenheim, 
m. Maria Farley, and their dau<;liter Eliza Hill m. ('ol. Samuel Storrow, the 
father of Mrs. Judge Bell, of Mrs. Dr. Wm. Thompson, of Mrs. Weston, of Mrs. 
(jreen, of Samuel and Farley. Charles Carter of Cleve, son of King Carter by 
his second wife Mary Landon, had a daughter Sarah who m. William a son of 
Rev. John Thompso«i of St. Mark's, who was the father of Commodore Char- 
les Carter Byrd Thompson, U. S. navy, of Gilliss and of William Thompson. 


Among the members of the lirst vestry of St. Mark's in ITJU was Benjamin 
Cave. 1 have iu my possession the original patent for 1000 acres of land on 
the Rappidan (sic) River, to Abraham Bledsoe and Benjamin Cave, "to be 
held in free and common socage, and not in capite or knight service, by pay- 
ing yearly the free rent of one shilling for every fifty acres, on the feast of St. 
Michael the Archangel"; signed by William Gooch, Lieut.-Governor and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia. Done at Willianjs- 
burg, under the seal of the Colony, 2Sth September, 1T2W. 

Benjamin Cave was vestryman of St. Mark's until 1740, when St. Thomas 
Parish was cut ofl" from St. Mark's; and lie and David Cave, who was Lay 
Reader at tlie old Orange Church near Ruekersville, became members of the 
new parish (St. Thomas) in Orange County, where they lived The records of 
St. Thomas being lost, their relation to it cannot be traced. It is known, how- 
ever, that the family adhered to the Church of their fathers; and one of the 
old ministers, about 1740, lived with Benjamin Cave. Sr., whose residence was 
within reach of the first chapel (near Brooking's) and the old t)range ('lunch. 

I have in my possession some original poems in MS., entitled '"Spiritual 
Songs," written by a sister of Benjamin Cave, Sr.. endorsed 17()7. It is very 
pleasant to lind one of these old-time church people, who some modern people 
think had no religion, giving utterance to lier pious emotions in songs which 
are evidently the outpourings of a truly devotional spirit. It is said that Ben- 
jamin Cave used to repeat the church service from memory, chanting the 

The first Benjamin Cave lived for a time at what is now known as Rhodes in 
Orange, and then moved to land on the LTpjjer Rapidan near (Jave's Foitl, 
which derives its name from him. 

Benjamin Cave represented Orange in the House of Burgesses in 175(>. He 
m. Hannah, dau. of Wm. and sister of Abraham Bledsoe; ch. David, John, 
Wm., Richard (who moved to Kentucky), Ann (to North Carolina); Sally m, a 
Strother, Hannah m. Capt. Mallory: ch. Elizal)eth m. Oliver Welch. Another 
daughter m. Capt. Robert Terrill, the father of Mrs. Robert Lovell. Another 
daughter m. Oliver Terrill, the father of Dr. Uriel TerriiJ, Delegate from 
Orange Another daughter m. Welch. William Mallory m. Miss (Tibson, anil 
was the father of Robert Mallory, late M. C. from Kentucky. Uriel Mallory 
was the father of Mrs. John Taliaferro. Phil. Mallory lived near Raccoon 
Ford. Elizabeth, dau. of Benjamin (Jave m. V,o\. Wm. Johnson; ch. 1. Valen- 
tine m. Elizabeth Cave, ch. Bcllield m. Miss Dickerson. 2. Fontaine m. Miss 
Duke. 8. Lucy m. Mr. Suggett. 4. Sally m. Mr. Dickerson. 5. Benjamin m. 
Miss Barboin-(see Barbour genealogy*, (i. Col. Robert ui. Miss Suggett: ch. I. 

Rieliavd M., V^ice-Presitleut and hero of the "Thames"; 2. J. T. Johnson (M. 
C); 3. James; 4. Benjamin. Benjamin Cave, son of first Benjamin, m. a dau. 
of Dr. John Belfield of Richmond County; ch. Belfield, m. Miss Christy; eh. 
Belfield, Clerk of Madison Connty, m. Miss Jones, and was the fatlier of Mrs. 
Governor Kemper. Emily m. Col. Cave; Sally m. Shackelford; Hudson was 
Professor at Chapel Hill, N. (J.; Benjamin m. Miss Glassell (father of Mrs. John 
Gray, Jr., of Traveller's Rest.) Benjamin, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth, m. 
Miss White; ch. William, Biilfield, John and Mar^raret, all settled in Kentucky. 
Sarah, dau. of Benjamin, m. Wm. (^assine; ch. Mary, who m. Mr. Taliaferro. 
William, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Cave, m. Miss Smith: ch. John. Wm. 
and Hudson, settled in Kentucky. Elizabeth m. John Bell, father of Nelson 
H. Bell of Baltimore, who m. Hannah Cave. Another dau. m. Mr. Irvine. 
Richard Cave m. Miss Porter; ch. Thomas, Capt. William (father of Mrs. 
Cornelia Thompson), Felix, Elizabetli, Mary, Cornelia. Anne, and Hannah. 
I am indebted to Mrs. Thompson tor contributions to the above notice. 


The first person of this name who appears in the history of Virginia was 
the Rev. John Clayton, who had been Rector of Crofton in Yorkshire. In 10- 
88 he addressed to the Royal Society in England, at their request, several let- 
ters giving an account of what he calls "Several Observables" in V^irginia. 
These letters discuss the soil, climate, natural history and agriculture of the 
colony of that day. They display gx-eat acuteness of observation, fullness of 
learning, and practical suggestions. He seems to have been the first to point 
out the value of marl and muck as fertilizers, and suggest to the planters the 
advantage of draining the tidewater swamps. And Avhen his opinion was 
laughed at and rejected by the overseers, he went to work and jiut them to 
shame by laying dry a pond of water, bringing to the light of the sun inex- 
haustible soil. 

The next man of mark of tliis name was the Rev. David Clayton, minister 
of Blissland Parish, ^ew Kent Co., Virginia, from 1704 to 1724. In his paroch- 
ial reports to the Bishop of London he says (1724) that his parish was sixty 
}niles long, that he had under his charge i:{(') families and about seventy com- 

There is John Clayton at Williamsburg, Attorney (leneral. and a friend of 
Si)otswood, who accompanied Mr. Fontaine in the first trij) to Germanna in 
1714. There was also a Claj'tona vestryman and justice in Essex Co. The 
family tradition is that Major Philip Clayton came to Culpeper from New 
Kent through Essex. What was his precise relation to the foregoing clergy- 
men is not certainly known. His name first appears in our church records in the 
year 1741, when he was choseri vestryman of St. Mark's, and a patent for land 
from Lord Fairfax to John Brown (now before us) is endorsed as having been 
surveyed by Phillip Clayton, 1749. He was the deputy, doing all the duties of 
the office for Roger Dixon, Clerk of ('ulpeper, who lived in the lower country. 
He married Ann, sister of RoV)ert Coleman, on whose land the courthouse was 
built. He had one son, Samuel (his successor in the vestry), who married his 
cousin Ann Coleman, and among their children were Major Philip Clayton the 
second, an officer of the Revolution, whose daughter Sarah Ann married Dr. 
James B. Wallace. 

Nancy, sister of the last Philip, and daughter of Samuel, married Jeremi- 
ah Strother, and was +he grandmother of the Rev. J. S. Hansbrough, and Mrs. 
Judge Williams of Orange C. H., Colonel Woodson Hansbrougii, and Mrs. 

Lucy, d:in. of the first Philip, lUiirried William Williams (vestryman), 
and tljeir children were Major John, (jeneral James, both officere in the Rev- 
olution, Pliilip of Woodstock, William Clayton of Richmond, J\Irs. Stevens and 
Mrs. Green. (See Williams genealof^y.) 

Susan, another daughter of the first Philip, married Colonel James Slaugh- 
ter, father of Captain Philip Slaughter. (See Slaughter genealogy). 

Another daughter married Nathaniel Pendleton, brother of Judge P^ldmnnd 
Pendleton, President of the Court of Ajjpeals (see Pendleton genealogy). An- 
other daughter married a Crittenden, ami was the mother (1 believe) of Sena- 
tor Crittenden of Kentucky. 

Major Philip Clayton the elder lived at Catalpa, so named from a Catalpa 
tree he transplanted from Essex, the first of its kind in the county. 

Philil) Clayton went from Virginia to Greorgia, where he died, and was 
buried at Sand Hills, near the city of Augusta. His children were first. George 
Roots of Milledgeville, cashier of State Bank and treasurer of the State, high- 
)\' honored and esteemed. 2. Augustine Smith Clayton, of Athens, graduated 
at Franklin College, distinguished at the bar, Judge of the Western Circuit, 
and member of Congress, where he won a national reputation. He was an 
alile statesman, jurist and man of letters, and left his impress upon the policy 
and literature of the State. He died a Chrisiian, on 1st of June, 1839, in the 
5(>th year of his age, leaving nine children, viz. George Roots, Augustine 
Smith, Wm. Wirt, Cashier Merchants Bank, Atlanta; Philip, consul at Callao, 
aiid churchwarden, St. Paul's, (ireensboro. died 1S77; Almyra; Dallas; Edward 
_P., cotton factor and commission merchant of Augusta, and churchwarden of 
St. Paul's; .Julia; Claudia, and Augusta. 


Robert (Joleman, 1st of the name in Culpeper, m. Sarah Ann Saundei-s. 
The town of Fairfax (Culpeper) was founded on fifty acres Of his land in IToJ). 

He had one son, Robert, who emignited to Kentucky and m. Mrs .Thomp- 
son, a sister of Major Philip Ijightfoot. 

Gilly, dau. of the 1st Robert and Saunders, m. General Edward Stev- 
ens, the Revolutionary hero and elector, who cast the vote of the district for 
Washington, and whose i^on John m. Polly, dau. of the first William Williams. 

Ann, 2d dan. of 1st. Robert, m. Sanuiel Clayton, (See Clayton genealogy.) 

Rosa, -id dau., m. Foster of Tennessee, one c)f whose eh. was the Senator in 
Congress from that State. 

Another dau. of 1st Robert m. Col. John Slaughter, son of the 1st Francis 
of that name. , 

Another dau. m. Francis Sl.iughter. I)r<>ther to the foregoing .lolm. (See 
Slaughter genealogy.) 

Another dau. m. a Yancey. 

Lucy, another dau., m. French Strotlier, so long representative of Culpep- 
er in the General A.ssemlily and in the Convention of 1775 0, and oldest 
daughter. P. French was first wife of CJapt. P. Slaughter. (See Slaughter gen- 
ealogy. ) 

'JMie Nth dau. of 1st. Rolu'rt m. a Crutcher, and one of their daught<>rs m. 

Robert Coleman in his will (17!):]) recorded in Culpeper, loaves legacies to 
his daughters Ann Clayton, Sarah Slaughter, Lucy Strother, France.s Crutch- 
er Susanna ^■.•Ul<■('y. Pliilip (Mayton was his exe<'utor. 


This family has been iilentified with the Episcopal Chnroh from the easi- 
est tiiues. You may trace the name throu}?li the vestry-books from the first 
settlements in the Northern Neck to the present time. I have in my posses- 
sion the will of Edwin Conway, dated 19th of March, 1698. In the graveyard 
of Whitechapel, Lancaster Couhty, there is a tombstone of Mary Ball, daugh- 
ter of Edwin Conway, and one of James Ball, her husband, who was a near 
relative of Gen. Washington's grandfather, who was the son of Col. Wm. Ball, 
the first of the name who came from England in KioO and settled at the mouth 
of Corotoman River, I transfer from the will the following clauses: — '"First 
and PRlxciP ALLY, I bequeath my soul to the God that gave it, in certain 
hope, notwithstanding my unAvorthiness, to receive pardon of all my sins, 
through the blessed merits of my dear Redeemer; and by no other way or 
means do I hope for pai'don. My body I commit to be buried in my burying- 
ground at Lancaster, by the left side of my dear wife Sarah, in certain hope, 
thro' the merits aforesaid, that soul and body will have a joyful meeting at 
the resurrection of the just.'' He gives to his son Francis and to his heirs law- 
fully begotten 70v3 acres of land in Essex; to the child or children "whereof my 
wife now goeth withal'' the crop of sweet-scented tobacco on the lower planta- 
tation. To his son Edwin all the lands in Lancaster given him by deed, with 
his mathematical books and instruments, and all "the cloth and stuff sent for 
to England." He appoints his friend Andrew Jackson, Reuben Conway and 
H. Thacker to be overseers of his will, desiring them to carefully advise and 
instruct his children in their persons and estates and to be assistants to his 
dear wift-. 

The aforesaid E. Conway married Elizabeth Thompson. Their son Fran- 
cis, near Port>Roval, Caroline, married Rebecca, daughter of John Catlett and 
Elizabeth Ge^w*^. (This John Catlett was son of the John Catlett killed by 
the Indians >i'hile-defending the fort at Port Royal.) Nelly, daughter of Fran- 
cis and granddaughter of Edwin Conway, married James Madison, Sr., and 
was the mother of President Madison, who was born at Port Conway, opposite 
to Port Royal, where his mother was visiting, at 12 o'clock at night between 
the ijth and Gth of March, 1751, and was baptized the 31st of March by the 
Rev. Win. Davis, and had tor godfathers John Moore and Jonathan Gibson, 
and for godmothers Mrs. Rebec ca Moo re and Misses Judith and Elizabeth < .'at- 

The author of this will was the grc^at-grandfather of old Capt. Catlett Con- 
way, of Hawfield, in Orange (now owned by Wm. Crenshaw, Esq.,) wlio was 
the father of the late Francis, Catlett. John and Henry Conway, of Orange 
and Madison: of Mrs. Hay Taliaferro, of Rose Hill, Orange County, and of Mrs. 
Fitzhugh, of Bedford, Kingljeorge. Dr. Cl-.arles Conway (vestryman) is a di- 
rect descendant of the old vestryman, the first Edwin Conway of Lancaster. 


The first person of the name in the parish register is Henry Field, Sr.. a 
meiul)er of the first vestry chosen by the freeholders and housekeepers of St. 
Mark's Parish, at Germanna. in January 1731. The next is Abraham Field, 
elected vestryman at the Great Fork Church in 1744, and served till his death 
in 1774, a term of thirty years. He had a son John, >vlio represented Culpep- 
er in the House of Burgesses in 17(i5.' He was probably the Col. John Field 
who had served in Braddock's War, and who fell, fighting gallantly at the head 
of hi^: regiment, at the battle of Point Pleasant. One of his daughrers married 


Lawrence Slanp:hter, an officer of the Revolution, and who was the father of 
John Field Slaughter, who married Miss Alexander, of Prince William. An- 
other of Col. John Field's dauprhters married Col. George Slaughter, who rais- 
ed one of the first companies of minute-men in Culpeper; and after the war 
moved to Kentucky with George Rogers Clarke, commanded a fort at the Falls 
of the Ohio, and was one of the founders of the city of Ijouisville, which was 
then in the State of Virginia. 

Henry Field, Sr., the vestryman of IT'H, served in that office and as church- 
warden till 17()2, a term of thirty one years. He executed many commissions 
for thf vestry, such as going to Williamsliurg on horseback several times on 
their behalf, and paying quit-rents for the churches and glebes. He and 
Francis Slaughter and Robert <jfreeri chose a site for a chapel between Shaw's 
Mountain, the Devil's Run and Hazel River. He was succeeded in the vestry 
l)y Henry Field, Jr., who served till his removal from the parish of St. Mark's 
into Bromfield Parish, M'hose records are lost or we should probaly have found 
his name on the vestry-books there. He represented Culpeper in the Conven- 
tion at Williamslourg in 1774 to consider the state of the country, in the House 
of Burgesses in 1775, and with French Strother in the Cdnvention of 1776 
which asserted the princijjle of religious liberty, declared American independ- 
ence, and adopted the first Constitution. Henry Field, Jr., died in 178o, leav- 
ing six sons — Daniel, Henry, George, Joseph, Thomas and John, who Avere the 
ancestors of the families of that name. The late judge of this court, Richard 
H. Field, and his brotliers Yancey and Stanton, were tne sons of Daniel Field 
of what is now Madison. He (the Judge) married first Matilda, daughter of 
Robert Slaughter of the Grange, and second Philippa, daughter of the Hon. 
i^hilij) P. Barbour. His three sons were killed in battle durinic the late war, 
and his daughter (Mrs. Norveil) is the only surviving child. Gen. James Field 
of the Culi)eper bar, who lost a limb at the battle of Slaughter's Moiuitain, is 
a son of Yancey Field. He married Miss Cowherd of Orange. 


The ancestor of the Frys who once so abounded in Culpeper, was Col. Josh- 
ua Fry, an Englishman educated at Oxford. He lived some time in Essex, was 
Professsor of Mathematics at William and Mary College, a member of the 
House of Bui-gesses. commissioner to run one of the Ifnes between Virginia and 
><orth Carolina, and negotiator of the treaty of Logstown. He, with Peter 
Jefferson, made a map ol Virginia in 174!>. He commanded a regiment against 
the Fi-ench and Indians, of which Washington was Uentenant-colonel. 1 an» 
indebted to his lineal dest^endant Frances Fry, of Charlottesville, for a (^opy of 
his connnission, from the original in Mr. Fry's possession: — 


"His Majesty, by his i-oyal instructions, (^onunanded me to send a. i)roi)er 
num!)er of foi-ces to erect and maintain a forr at the Monongahela and Ohio 
Rivers; and having a good opinion of your loyalty, conduct and ability, 1 do 
hereby institute, appoint and couvmission you to be Colonel and Commander- 
in chief of the forces now raising, to be called the Virginia Regiment, with 
which and the cannon, arms and amntunition, necef«ary provisions and stores, 
you are with all possil)le dispatch to proceed to said fork of Monongahela, and 
there act according to your instructions."' 

Col. Joshua Fry married Mrs. Hill, the daughter of Paul Mic'on, a French 
Huguenot i)hysician. He was the father of tlie Rev. Hem-y Fry, who lived in 
the fork of Crooked Run and the Robinson River, and occasionally pixmched 
in the Episcopal church near Orange C. H., when they had no minister, always 
prefacing his sermons with the old church service, saysGol. Fnink Taylor, a 

vesti yiuau of that church. He was one of those grood and guileless men whom 
all Christians respected and loved. His son Reuben lu. Ann dau. of Col. Jas. 
Slaughter, and their eh. were Jud^e Joseph Fry. of Wheeling, Henry, Senator 
of Kanawha, and Philip S., late clerk of Orange and father of Philip,, present 
clerk. "William. Thomas and I.uther. Thomas W.. son of Rev. H. Fry, m. 1st 
Mrs. Slaughter, whose maiden name was Bourn, and 2d Ann dau. of Col. Abram 
Maury of Madison. He with three ch. moved to Kentucky (1816). Joshua m. 
Miss Walker, and Mrs. Willis dau. of William Twyman. ^Hugh and Joshua 
Fry, of Richmond, were his sons. Henry m. Mildred dau. of Rev. Mat. Maury. 
Frank Fry, Sr., of Charlottesville, is their son. John m. Miss Heywood, of 
Culpeper, and lived at the Warm Springs. Mrs. Dr. Archer Strother was his 
dau. Wesley m. 1st Miss Walker, and 2ud a French lady. Miss Leflet, and had 
thirteen children. Thornton m. a dau. of Hon. Philip R. Thompson, and their 
ch. were Cien. Burkitt Fry, C. S. A., Dr. Frank and Mrs. Jno. L. Bacon, of 
Richmond. Margaret dau. of Rev. Henry m. Philip Lightfoot and moved to 
Kentucky. Martha m. Goodrich Lightfoot and ha3 ten ch.. of whom Edward 
Lighttoot. of Madison, is the only survivor. Maria m. Hugh Walker and went 
to Kentucky, and had many children. 

Col. Joshua Fry, the head of this family in Virginia, patented 1000 acres of 
land on the Robinson River in 1726. and 400 acres "in the fork of the Robinson"" 
in 1789. Charles "Meriwether Fry, of the Bank of Xew York, who m. Miss 
Leigh, is the son of Beiville. wlio was the son of Joshua, who was the son of 
Rev. Henry Fry. 


The chief seat of this family in Virginia was the county of Essex, where 
many of this name occupied a high social position and filled many places of 
public trust. 1 he Hon. James M. Garnett was a member of Congress from 
1805 to 1809. The Hon. Robert S. Garnett was in Congress from 1817 to 1827. 
The Hon. Museoe Garnett was also a member of Congress and of the State 
Convention of I8o0. Dr. A. Y. P. Garnett who married the daughter of Gover- 
nor Wise, has been for many years a leading medical man of Washington City. 
There was a Getieral Garnett of the Confederate army who fell in battle, whose 
sister married Professor Williamson of the Virginia Military Institute; and 
there is now a Profes.sor Garnett in the College at Annapolis. Md. 

I have been disai)pointed in receiving the information which Avould have 
enabled me to show tlie connecting links between these several members of 
the family in Virginia. The first of the name in Culpeper was Anthony Gar- 
nett, who came from Essex, and from the names James. Museoe and Reuben, 
which are common to botli families, they probably sprang from the same stock. 
Anthony Garnett was a vestryman, churchwjirden and lay reader of St; Mark's 
Parish from 175S. He lived at the Horse Shoe, where Joseph Wilmer, Jr., 
now resides, and when there was no minister of the i^arish, was in the habit of 
burying the dead with the church service. He married Mrs. Bowler (Miss 
Jones », and his children were Robin, who moved to Kentucky and died in his 
ninety-eighth year. His daughter married Stokely Towles of Madison, and 
their daughter married James L. Waggener of Russelville, Ky., father of Prof. 
Waggener of Bethel College. Ky. James, son of Anthony, was minister of 
Crooked Run Church. He married Miss Rowe, and was thefeiherof Edmund, 
who was the father of the late Rev. James Garnett. whose sons. Joel. Absalom 
and Franklin, and daughter Tabitha. still survive. Ja,mes. Sr., was the fath- 
er of che present James, children are Museoe and others.'' John, son of 
Authonv, moved to Kent'ickv. Thomas married Miss Hawkins. Reuben, son 


of Anthony, married Miss Twyman, and was the fatlier of the venerable Miss 
Tabitha Garnett, who, like her namesake in the Bible, is kind to the poor. 
Lucy married a Tinsley. Sally married a Stepp, and Betsy married William 
AVillisof Culpeper, the father of the late Isaac Willis, who has many descend- 
ants, among whom is the Rev. John C. Willis of Indian Town, Orange County. 


The Glasnell (originally Glassele) family went from Poictiers, France, with 
Mary Queen of Scots on her return to her native country. John Glassell of 
Runkan, Scotland, m. Mary Coalter, a warm Covenanter, and their son Robert 
m. Mary Kelton. and their son Andrew Glassell was born at Gal way, Dum- 
friesshire, Scotland, near Torthorwald, "Castle of the Douglass," Oct. 8th, 17:58, 
and emigrated to Madison County, Virginia, in 1756. He imported mechanics 
from Scotland, and built a large brick residence on his fine estate on the upper 
Robinson River, known as Torthorwald. He m. (1776) Elizabeth dau. of Eras- 
mus Taylor of Orange County, and died July 4th, 1837, aged 89. Their chil- 
dren were — 

1. Millie Glassell m. Reuben Smith. Issue 1. Jane m. in 18'i2 Hon. Jereme- 
miah Morton (M. C); issue one son, died in infancy, and one daughter, Mild- 
red m. J. J. Halsey, issue 1. Fannie M.; 3. Anne Augusta (Mrs. Alexander); 8. J. 
Morton m. Miss Stearns; 4. R. Ogden m. Miss Walker, and 5. Joseph J. Halsey. 
^. George A. Smith (now of Bell County, Texas), m. Julia dau. of James Somer- 
ville of Culpeper Co.; issue 1. Eudora G. (Mrs. Lees); 3. Jane M. (Mrs. Ware); 3. 
Mary S.(Mrs. Coffee); 4. Margaret (Mrs. Russell), and several sons unmarried. 3. 
Dr. William R. Smith (late of Galveston), m. first Mrs. Middleton, no issue; m. 
second ^lary Mayrant, issue John M. m. Miss Terry; and Mildred {Mrs. Crosby 
of New York City.) 

2. John Glassell m. first Louisa Bi-own. Issue 1. Dr. AndreAV m. Miss 
Downing; 3. Fanny (Mrs. Ware); 8. Mary (Mrs. Conway); 4. Louis*<i, (Mrs. Eno of 
Peimsylvania). John Glassell m. second Mrs. Lee. nee Margaret Scott; issue 
Mildred S. (Mrs. Covell) and John m. Miss Thom. John Glassell m. third Mary 
Ashton, by whom no issue. 

3. Mary Kelton Glasssell m. Michael Wallace. Issue 1. Ellen (Mrs. Somer- 
ville); 2. Gustavus; 3. H. Nelson; 4. Elizabeth (Mrs. Wallace); ">. Louisa (Mrs. 
Goodwin); 6. James, and 7. Marianna (Mrs. Conway.) 

4. Helen Buchan Glassell m. Daniel Griiuian. Issue 1. Robert A. m. Rob- 
ertine Temple; 3. Cornelia (died 1864); 3. Andrew G. m. (reorgie S. Bryan: 4. 

5. Jane M. Glassell m. Benjamin Cave. (See Cave genealogy. ) 
(). Major James M. Glassell, U. S. Army, m. Eudora Swartout. 

7. Andrew Glassell m. Susan Thornton. Issue 1. Andrew n\. Mis8 Toland; 3. 
Cajit. William S. Glassell; 3. Susan S. m. tii*st Colonel George S. Patton (see 
Williams genealogy); m. second George H. Smith of California. 

8. E. (ilassell m. first Margaret Souierville. IsKue one child living, 
Margaret (Mrs. Weeks of Louisanna). M. second Harriet Scott. 

John Glassell, brother of Andrew, came to Fredericksburg long before the 
Revolution. He was a merchant of large transactions, having branch estab- 
lishments in Culi)eper and Fauquier, and became very rich. He returned to 
Scotland before the Revolution. He married Helen Buchan, of the family of 
the Earl of Buchan. One of her sisters married an Erskine, and another Dal- 
housie and Lord Erskine and the Earf of Dalhotisie were her nejihews. John 
Glassell's only daughter, Johanna, married Lord Cauiphell who l)ecame 
Duke of .Argylc. and the present Duke of Argyle is her sou. 




ROBERT GREEN, son of William Green, an Englishman, emigrated from 
Ireland with his uncle, William DufT, a Quaker, to Virginia, and settled in 
King George county about the year, 1710. He was born in the year, 1695. He 
soon left his uncle and settled in what is now Culpeper county, near Brandy 
Station on the Southern Railway. He built his home near a large spring, 
which is on the road leading from Brandy Station to Rixeyville, and took, up 
large tracts of land in what was, in 1712 Essex, in 1731 Spotsylvania, in 1735 
Orange, and in 1749 Culpeper. His father w'as an officer in the body guard of 
William, Prince of Orange. He died in 1748, his will and inventory of his es- 
tate being recorded in the Orange county Clerk's Office. He was member of 
the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1736, and was one of the first vestrj'^men of 
St. Mark's Parish. When a young man, he married Eleanor Dunn, of Scotland, 
and had seven sons, as follows. [Note : The names in parenthesis or brackets 
signify the line of descent. Thus Joseph Green, [Francis, Wm.,Wm., Robt.] 
means that Joseph Green was the son of Francis, the grand son of William, the 
great grandson of the first William and the great great grandson of the first 
Robert. 1 

1. William, born in Essex county; m. Miss Coleman, of ('aroline county; 
was vestryman of St. Mark's Parish from 1749 to his death in Culpeper county 
in 1770. He was called Colonel Green, probably from military service against 
the Indians. 

2. Robert, m Patty Ball, of Northumberland, and died in Culpeper. 

8. Duff, m. Ist., Miss Thomas, 3nd., Anne Willis; he died in Culpeper about 
the beginning of the Revolution. His three youngest sons moved to Kentuc- 
ky about 1779, and afterwards carried out their mother and younger sister. ._ 

4. John, m. Susanna Blackwell; was Colonel in the Revolution; succeeded 
William Green in the vestry of St. Mark's Parish in 1770; was member of the 
House of Burgesses in 1709, and died in Culpeper in 1793. 

5. Nicliolas, m. Elizabeth Price, dau. of Ajola Price, of Orange, whose 
mother was a dau. of Capt. Wm. Barbour; died in what is now Madison coun- 
ty, and left many children, who moved to Kentucky. 

. --ij. James, m. Elizabeth Jones, and died in Culpeper. 

7. Moses, m. Mary Blackwell, si.ster of Susanna, and died in Culpeper. 
William Grkkx, (Robert), who m. Miss Coleman had children as follows: 
1. William, m. Eliza Green, dau. of Duff; died in Culpeper; his widow mov- 
ed to Kentucky, near Covington. 
"2. Eilnn, m. Peter Marye. 

3. Betsy, m. H. (Jamp. 

4. Mai-y or Anne. m. <Teo. Thonins. 

5. Milly, m. Mr. Stringer. 

(). Lucy or Susan, m. Mr. i^inckard. 

7. Nancy, m. J no. Poindexrer. 

8. Francis Wyatt, m. Lucy Strother, dau. of Jos. Strother. They lived near 
Louisville, Ky., but died in Breckcnridge county of that State. 

RoBKRT GREEX, (Robert), who m. Patty Ball, had 

1. William, m. Miss Blackwell, and moved to Woodford county, Ky. 

2. Armistead, m. Frances, dau. of Capt. Harry Pendleton, of Culpeper. 

3. Samnel B., m. Miss Blair of Port Royal, Va. 

4. Ellen, m. Aaron Lane, of ('ulpeper. 

5. \nne, m. Dr. .loel Gu&tin, of Pennsylvania. 

ir. I (fRKKX, (Koberti. in. 1st. !\fiss Thomis. 2nd. AnneWillis. and had 


1. Jolin, of famous memory. " My Lord John " died a bachelor, possessed 
of much wealth ; he was Captain in the Revolution, and was badly wounded. 

3. Betsy, in. William, son of first William Green. 

3. "Willis, m. 1783 Sarah Reed and moved to Ky., near Danville. He set- 
tled on a farm called " Waveland," which is still owned l)y his descendants. 

4. William, m. Miss Mai"shall, and moved to Lincioln county, Ky. 

5. Henry, died sinf?le. 

(5. Ellen or Anne, m. Jno. Smith, and moved to Ky., had Jno., Henry and 

Willis. .- 

John Greex, (Robert), m. Susanna Blackwell, had : 
■1. Wm., m. Lucy Williams ; was Cai)t. of the navy, and was lost at sea on 
the bri": Defiance. 

2. John, killed at IB in duel at Valley For^e. 

3. Robert, m. Frances Edmonds, and died 1789. 

4. Moses, m. Fanny Richards. - 

5. Thomas m. 1st Miss Miller; 2nd Lucy Peyton, and moved to Christian 
cou nty, Ky . 

Nicholas rTREK:v, (Robert), m. Elizabeth Price, and had : 

1. Robert, d. single. 

2. Jno., m. Jenny Hawkins. 

3. Wm. m. and moved to Tenn. and had William and othei-s. 

4. Nicholas, left no children. 
~>. Mary, m. Mr. Stevens. 

6. Lucy, d. sinfjle. 

7. Eleanor, m. Mr. Rankin. 

8. Joyce, m. Willis Ballance, and moved to Ky. Lived in Madison and 
Mercer counties. 

9. Ghas., had seven sons and two daughters. 
Jamks Grkp:n, (Roberti, m. Elizabeth .Jones and had : 

1. Trabriel, m. Miss Grant ami moved to Green River, Ky. 

2. James, m. Betsy Jones. 

3. Jones, m. Miss Nevil, and moved to Hardy county, Va.,and had Nevil. 
Jones, Nancy, Mrs. Parsons, Mary and Betsy. 

4. Robt., m. MLss Edmunds, and had William, James, Thomas, Robert. 
Fanny, Ellen, Elizer, and Mrs. Cross. 

Ji. John, m. Miss Catlett. of Fauquier, and moved to Henderson, Ky. 
J). Dolly, m. Nimrod Farrow; no children. 
" 7. Elizabeth, m. R. W. Peacock, and had 4 children : arid died in En<?laud, 

8. Lucy, m. Noah G. Glascock, and moved to Mo. 

9. Polly, m. Mr. Catlett. 

10. Austin, m. Miss Bali ; lived and died in Hardin county, Ky. Some of 
his children went to Texas. 

MosKS Greex, (Robert), m. Mary Blackwell, and had: 

1. Sarah, died sino;lf> 

2. Eleanor, m. Gen. Jas. Williams. 

William Gkeex, (Wm., Robert,) m. Eliza Green, and had, 

1. Wm., moved to Tenn. 

2. Jno. m. Mi-s. Faulk, and lived in Cam{)bell county, Ky.; his widow ni. 
Mr. Vickei-s. 

3. l^ctsy, m. 1st. Mr. Craig, 2nd , 3rd. Mr. Magi-uder ; she d. a wid. 

in 1850, in (Jovington, Ky., leaving no children. 

Ellex Greex, (Wm., Robt.,). m. Peter Marye, and had, 
1. Wm. 2. Jas., and 2 daughters, who both ui. a (i(u-clon. 


Betsy' Oreen, (Wm., Robt.,) m. H. Camp, and had Jas., Jno. G., Wyatt, 
and Betsy, who was married. 

Mary, oR'A]<rN^E'GI-Rti;EN, ( Wm., Robert), m. Geo. Thomas, and had Jas., a 
dau. m. Jas. Camp and 3 other m. daus. and 4 s. daus. 

Nancy Green, [Wm., Robt.], m. Jno. Poindexter, and had Wm. G. and 
others. ' 
Francis Wyatt Green, [Wm., Robt.] who m. Lucy Strother, had 
1. Robt. who went to N.O. iu war of 1813 ; settled and died there leaving a 
larj^e 'family. 

3. Nancy, m. Mr. Bostvvick- 

;5.' Jos., a soldier in battle of N. O. m. Susan dan. of Jno. Ball ; died 1803 
iri 'Columbus, Ky. 

4. Thompson, m. Betsy Askins ; lived in Breckinridge county, Ky., no 

5. Francis, m. and left several children. 

(). Jno., m. Mary Holt ; lived in Indiana. ' 

7. Austin, m. and left 3 children in Perry county, Indiana. ' 

WiJ.LiAM Green, [Robt., Robt.,] m. MissBlackwell, had Robt., Jas., Wiii. S., 
Lucy, m. Mr. Bourne, Susan, m. Mr. Neale, Kitty, m. Mr. Blackman, B^tsy, m. 
Mr. Bourne, Celia, m., and others ; lived in Woodford county, Ky. 

Armistead Green, [Robt., Rol)t.] m. Frances Pendleton,and had : 'Henry, 

Robt., Anne, m. Jno. Ferguson, Polly, m. Slaughter, 'Faliny,m. Mr. Campbell'; 

Hari-iett, m. Mr. Cenard, Ellen, Caroline, and ' 

Edmund Pendleton, m. Martha AVeems, and had Martha, who m. Franci.-^ 

W. Dickson, having Frank C, and Mattie Green, who m. Irwin Dugan 

Samuel B. Green, [Robt., Robt.] m. Miss l^-]air,'of Port R'6j>^iit, and had 
Samuel and Sally. 

Ellen Green, [Robt., Robt.], m. Aaron Lane, and had Robert ; Jas ; .Jn6:\ 
Peggy B., m. Wm. Bell, and had Fontaine ; Polly, m. H. Latham ; Ellen, 'ih. 
Mr. Crenshaw; Nancy, m. Mr. Whiting, having Jno., Ellen arid Catherine ; 

William A. m. Eliza Green, dau. of James Green. 

Anne Green, [ Robt., Robt.], m. Dr! Jbel Gustin, of Pennsylvania, arid 
had Samuel G.; Theodosia, m; Ellen, m ; and Mary, who m. Daniel I^emer. 

Willis Green, [Duff, Robt.,] m. Sarah Reed, and had :_ 

1. Dr. Duff, major in war of 1813, died 1858. m. Miss Crecy, niece of Simon 
Kenton. Dr. Duff's children were: Dr. Willis Duff Green, m. and lived at Mt. 
Vernon, 111., havingJnu'uerous childrert ', Judge Wm. H., of Cairo, 111., who m. 
3 sisters [Misses Hughes] and had 3 children ; and 3 daughters who m. and 
lived in 111. 

3. Judge John, b. 1788, d. 1838, m. 1st. Sarah Fry, 3nd Mary Keith Marshall 
He was at the battle of the Thames in 1813. 

'■i. Letitia, ui. Major Jas. Barbour an officer of the war of 1813. 

4. Eliza, m. Dr. Ben. Edwards, bro. of Gov. Nimianand Judge Cyrus Ed- 
wards ; lived at Kirk wood, Mo. 

5. Martha, m^ ^Dr. Wi'lliii'ni Craig ;' home near Danville, Ky. 

(). DK Lewis Warner Green, Pres. of Centre College, Ky., m.' 1st. Eliza J. 
Montgomery, 3nd. Mrs. Mary Lawrence Fry, and had Julia, who m. M. T. 
Scott, of Bloomington, IliK,'ihaving two d^lis ; and Lettie, who m. H6ri. A. E. 
Stevenson,, vice-president of the U. S., having 4 children. '■ 

AViLLiAM Green, [Duff, Robt.) m. ^TI^^Iarshall, and had' WiHis, 'm. but' 
left no children ; Judge William M., ul Mij^s' Stone, lived in'RUk^ell 'county, 
Ky., and had dau. that ni. <^ol Spencer ; Gen. Duff, a prominent edit6i'"ii't! 


Washinprton in Jackson's day, who in. Lucretia, a sister of l>r. Benjamin Ed- 
wards ; Nancy m ; Betsy ni. Mr. Hulin^ ; Ellen, ni. Gen. Jas. Sample ; Sarah, m. 
Rev. Neale, a Presbyterian minister of Glas<>:ow,Ky., and had several children. 

William Gkeex, (Jno., Robert), m. Lucy Williams, and had one son, John 
W. Green, Judge of the Virf?inia Court of Appeals. 

RoBT. Greex, (Jno., Robt.,), m. Frances Edmunds, and had Robert, and 
E^i*«rwho^m. Robt. Payne, and moved to Nicholas Co., Ky. 

Moses (tREEX, (Jno., Robert), m. Fanny Richards, and bad 

1. Julia Amanda, who m. Bernard Peyton, having Jno. G., Susan, Eliza, T. 
( Jefferson, Bernard, T. Green, M. Green, and Julia. — ■ 

2. Thomas, m. 1st, Miss Lyons, 2nd. Miss Richie, 3rd. Miss Lomax, and had 
Mary Frances, who m. W. J. Stone, of Washington City; Isabella, who m. Mr. 
Ward; Emily, who married Mr. Legai-e; Thomas, and Bernard Peyton. 

3. William, m. Miss Saunders, and had Wm., who m. Miss Bagtop; Patty, 
who m. Col. Williamson; and Georgie. 

4. Archibald Magill, m. 2 sisters (Misses Furnish) and had Moses; Rebec- 
ca, who m. Mr. Parr; Jno., who m. Miss Lewis; and Fanny, who m. F. M. 

Thomas Ghekx, (Jno., Robt.), m. 1st Miss Miller, 2nd. Lucy Peyton and had: 

1. Edward H.. who m. 1st Sarah Short, 2Hd. Miss Ward, and had Bernard 
P., Anne. m. Wm. C. Green; Sarah; E. H., m. Anna Wilson, and had Jno. W.; 
Mary E. m. C. S. Robertson; William W., Arrie, Mattie; and Chas. Short, who 
m. ]jaura E. Kincliloe, having Jno. Rouzie, Clara C; C. S.; B. P., Grant, Thos., 
Laura Lee, Mary, Sallie, Wm. S., arid Edward H. 

2. Anne Augusta, m. Edward Randolph, having Bathurst E., who m. Lizzie 
Glass; Dr. Tho.s:. G., m. Anne Edgar. 

3. Lucy Williams, who m. 1st. Daniel Henry, 2nd. Jas. C. Moore, and had 
Lucy Ann. m. Jno Nelson; Mary Green, m. Geo. Champlin, a lawyer at Hop- 
kinsville, Ky.; Dr. Green, m. Kate Manstield; Lucy W.. m. Chas. Dade; Mattie 
P., Jonn C, and Gustavus H. 

4. Mary Peyton, who m. 1st. Thomas Edmunds, 2nd. Col. Wm. S. Moore, 
and had John T.. m. Mollie Campbell; Jas. H.; Lucy Peyton, m. Eckstein Nor- 
ton, pres. of L. & N. R. R.; Lizzie McA.. ni. Jno. D. Tyler; Wni. S.; Fannie Pey- 
ton; and Caroline Green. 

0. Jno. Rouzie, who m. Elizabetli Nelson, and had William, m. Miss Armis- 
tead; Wallace, m. Miss Somerville; Edward, m. Miss Hartman; Lucius, m. in 
California; Jno. R. m. Miss Phelps; Rosalie, m. Hunter Wood, of Hopkinsville, 
Ky.; Lizzie, m. Nicholas Edmunds; Rol^rt; Anne, m. Win. T. Townes; and 

G. Moses Thomas, who m. 1st. Caroline Venablc, 2ik1. Mary T. Mot>re. had 
JiUcy P., m. Randolph Dade; Bettie, m. Bankhpad Dade; (Teoi-g(.% m. Lizziie 
Dade: Jno. K.; Thomas and Jas. W. 

^Eliz.v Gkee.x, (Jno.. Robert.), m. Jno. Hooe, of Fauquier county, and had 
no children. 
.loHX Grrex, (Nicholas, I^obt.), m. Jenny Hawkin.s, and had: 

1. Benjamin, m. Becky Walker, and had Letitia; Lizzie, m. Mr. Evans; 
Morton, m. Mrs. Buckley: Coley; Nicholas; and John Willis, m. and had Benja- 
min, whom. Miss Parivnt, and Sally, who m. Mr. Notey. 

2. Willis, who m. Artemisia Lillard, of Owen county, Ky.; had John R.. m. 
Hannah McClure; David, m. Lizzie Sale, and had Mollie-, Tinnie .-^nd Nanie: 
ii-nd Ann Mary, n>. 1st. JJen. Spencer, 2nd. Line Sale. 

3. Hawkins, nu Jane Hulkly. and had .Jpo. W., wlio m. and had Fan n\ and 


4. Nicholas P.. of Franklin county, Ky., m. Ist. Mrs. Hawkins, 2nd. Mrs. 
Gaines, and had Martha, ra. Jas. Thomas; Scott, m. Helen Henry; Ruth, m. 
Geo. Green; and Dee, m. Colon M. Jones. 

5. Morton, who m. Eliza Spencer, and had Sallie, m. Robt. Payne, whose 
son, Jno. J., m. Ella Landrun ; Lizzie, in. 1st. Jno. McGinnis, 3nd. Geo. Clarke 
of Springfield, 111.; Jno. ni. Lida McGinnis ; Susan, m. Dr. Austin. 

6. Letitia, m. Willis Roberts, Owen Co., Ky., and had Willis ; and Mary, 
"Who m. Charles Samuels in Mo. 

7. Betsy, m. Wm. Bower, and had John, in Mo.; Sue, m. Jas. Duncan ; 
Jane. m. Jno. Roberts. 

8. Samuel, m. America Roberts, and had Mollie, m. Jas. Suter ; Geo. m. 
Ruth Green; and Wm. Joseph. 

Joyce Grekn, (Nicholas, Robt.) m. Willis Ballance, and had James L.; 
Eliza; Chas., married, and lived at Peoria, 111., had Jenny who m.; and Pa 
tience. Judge Bryant of Peoria, 111. 

Gabriel Green, (Jas., Robt.) m. Miss Grant and had 

i. Jno.. who m. Martha Dixon, and had, Henry Dixon, m. Misses Lam- 
bert and Swift, having Grant, a lawyer in Ark., John, Henry Allen, Mary, 
Joshua and Lambert ; 2. Grant, who ra. Kate Averton, having Eliza, m. Geo. 
B. Alexander; Grant, m. Miss Gray; Walker, Kate and John ; 3. Jno. W., who 
m. Miss Randolph, and had Gertrude, m. Mr. Blake; Mattie m Mr. Willett, 
Mary, Nathaniel and Cornelia ; 4. Mary, who m. Mr. Hall and had Jos., Ben. 
and Chas. 

2. Richard, m. Betsie nenry,and had Gabriel, who m. and had 2 or 3 sons. 

3. William, m. Miss Andrews,and had a dau. who m. Mr. Pentrust ; William 
who m. Ann Green, of Hopkinsville, Ky.; and 3 other sons. 

4. Gabriel, m. Mary Dixon and had Henry D., m. Sue Dixon, and left 2 
children : Anne lu. Rev. W. G. Allen, leaving 2 children ; and Gabriel, m. 
Miss Stiuson, leaving son and 2 daughters. 

5. Sallie, who m. Jno. Boyle, and had several children, including Dr. 
Hugh and Dr. Green, of Ky.; the rest lived in 111. 

6. Amelia, who m. Mr. Wilkins, and had dau. Avho m. Jno. W. Givens, of 
Louisville, whose dau. m. Tnos. Sugg, of Webster county, Ky. 

7. Judith, m. Wilkins. 

J.\MES (tREEX. (Jas, Robt). m. Betsv Jones, and had 

1. Eliza,who m.Wm. A. Lane,and had 1. James,m. Miss Norris; 3. Julia, lu. 
J. Jett, and had Lavinia, m. Mr. Witheroe, Ellen, m. E. McCormick, Elvira, 
m. B. Taylor, Wm., m. Alice Hopjjsr, Hannah, m. Atchison Pollock, James, 
and Fannie,m. James W. Green, of Rappahannock; 3. Eliza, m. Phillip Siaugh- 
ter,and had dau. who m. M. Slaughter : 4. Jno.,m. Helen Berry,and had Helen, 
who*m. Rev.John.s,Wm. A., Harry B., and Lizzie; 5. Fanny, m. J. F. Scott, who 
had Fanny, m. Mr. Carter, Susan ra. Rev. Clemens, and, William ; 6. Ellen, m. 
Geo. B. ScQtt ; 7. Elvira, who m. Munroe Kiiby. and had Rllen A., m. K. Car- 
michael. Lane, Margaret, and Lizzie. 

2. J. Strother, who m. 1st. Miss Jett, 2nd. Mrs. Jones, and had 1. John. who 
m. Miss Oabb, of La., and had Henry, m. Miss Crab, Jno. J., m. Miss 
Campbell, Mary, Fanny, Jenny Douglas. Alex. Barrows, Lizzie Payne, Thomas 
Hunt, Delia. Robert Edwin, Eleanor Estille, and Charles Augustine ; 2. Lizzie, 
ra. Miller Payne; 3. DulT,m. Miss Lane ; 4. Robert m. Miss Douglas ; 5. DeH.i,m. 
Ben Crump ; B. Fanny m. Dr. Crump : 7. Chas., m. Jessie A. Ford; 8. Anne, m. 
Richard Payne. 

3. Jas., who m. Miss Shackleford, and had John Shack, m. Miss Taylor, of 

66 \ 

Norfolk; E. Gertrude m. Rev. R. S. Bell ; Margaret J., in. Andrew Aldridge ; 
Victorine S., m. Wm. M. Fuller ; Estelle St. Pierre, m. Chas. Lewis. 

4. Fanny, who m. Geo.M. Parsons,and had Elizabeth m. Geo. Brent, of Al- 
exandria, having Fannie, m. Robert Hunter ; Hughes, m. Miss Hutchin- 
son; and Florence, married. 

5. Duff, who m. Miss Payne, and had Marian, in. John Porter; McDuff, 
m. Miss Howison ; Isabella, m. Wm. Lewis ; Jas. Lane, m. Miss AVhittemore ; 
Charles, ni. IMiss Whittemore. 

6. 7)oll}% who ni. Turner Ashb3% and had James, m. Miss Moneure ; Gen. 
Turner Ashby, killed in battle; Dolly or Dora, m. P. Moneure ; Bc'tty m. Geo. 
Green ; Mary, m. Geo. Moneure. 

7. Jones, who m. Miss Scott, of Fredericksburg, and had Rebecca, m. How- 
ard Shackelford ; Betsy, m. Geo. Williamson ; James, m. Lina Hopi)er ; Fan- 
ny, ra. Cassius Carter. 

8. Charles, who m. Ann Herndon, and had Elizabeth, m. P. St. George 
Ambler; and James William, m. M. T. Jett. 

9. Mary, who m. Sam Bailey, and had Mary E., m. William Allen : and 
James P.m. Ary Ward. ♦" 

10. Austin, who m. Miss Gordon, of Stafford. 

Jones Green, (Jas., Robt.) who m. Miss TS"eville, moved to Hardy county, 
Va., and had Nevil, .Jones, Nancy, Mrs Parsons, Mary a:id Betsy. 
>»RoBKRT Green, (.las., Robt.), who m. Miss Edmunds, had William, Jas. 
Thomas, Robt., Sarah, m. Mr. Cross, Fanny, Ellen and Eliza. 

John Green, (Jas., Robt.), m. Miss Catlett, of Fauquier, moved to Hender- 
son. Ky., and had 

1. Jno. C. m. Miss Ruggles, and died without issue. 

2. Hector, m. 1st. Louisa Pollen, widow of his bro. Jno. C.;2nd MissMissoufi 
Grant, and had Chas. Catlett, m. Maggie Bell ; David Simmons, m. 1st. Mary 
Brown, who d. without issue, 2nd. Fannie G. Gunter ; Jno. Wm., m. Annie 
Amiss ; Nellie R., Winnifred, Maggie, Robt. H., Orla, Alexander and Harvey. 

3. Nathaniel Peter, m. Mary Anderson, and had Winnifred, m. Fred John 
son ; Simion Catlett, m. Fannie Atkinson. 

Austin Green, ( Jas., Robt.), m. Miss Ball; lived and died in Hardin coun- 
ty, Ky., and had Dr. Austin; a dau. m. Mr. Powell; a dau. m. Mr. Long; a dau. 
m. Mr. Snow; Jessee, and othei^s, some of whom went to Texas. 

Eleanor Green, (Moses, Robt.), ra. Gen. James Williams, and had 

1. Wm. who m. Anne Stubblefield, and had, Jas., m. Rosalie Fitzhugh ; 
Geo. S. who went to Ky., Wm. m. Miss Pannill ; Ellen, m. Ennis Adams; Anne, 
m. Dr. Alfred Taliaferro ; Fannie m. Jos. Pannill ; Sarah G., m. E. S. Talia- 
ferro; and Lucy A., m. Thos. Fitzhugh ; 

2. Sally, m. Geo. French Strother, and had Jas. French, who m. Klizabetli 
Roberts, and had Geo. French, m. Miss Cary ; Jno. R., m. Miss Payne ; 
Phillip W. m. Miss Pendleton ; Jas. French, m. Miss Botts ; Wm. H. and J. 
Hunt, kiUed in battle ; W. J., m. Miss Shackelford ; Louis Harvie and Sal lie. 

Elizabeth Green, ( Jno., Wm., Wm., Robt.) m. Thomas Jones, sheriff, 
(Campbell county, Ky. 

Nannie GREKN,(Jno., Wm., Wm., Robt.), m. Mr. Thomas, of Cincinnati, 
and had a dau. who m. W. I). Frazer, of Mason county, Ky.; also had a son. 

Jno. a. GREEN,(Jno., Wm., Wm., Rol)t.), lived in Lexington, Kentucky. 

Joseph Gree.v, (Francis, Wm., Wm., Robt.), m Susan Ball, and had 
1. Dr. N )rvia Green, pre.sideiit of th • Western Uaioa Telegraph Ca., who 
m. Martha Rnglish, and had Susy Thornton ; Jas. Olive, m. Ajuv Hewitt, of 

New York City ; Pinekney Frank, m. Carrie Conant, of Brooklyn ; Jno. En- 
glish, in. Annie Lindenberp:er ; and Warren, ra. Blanche Smith. 
^ 2. Neville, m. iVI. J. Morris. 

3. Thornton, who ni. Mathilda Stewart, of Carroll county, Ky., and had 
Daniel, m. Minnie Todd ; Joseph moved to Oregon ; Norvin ni. Ida Stratton ; 
and Mollie, m. Will Erwin. 
William A. Lane, (Ellen, Robt., Robt.,) m. Eliza Green, and had 

1. Jas. m. Morris. 

2. Julia, m. Jas. Jett, and had Jno., m. Belle Roberts ; Lavinia, m. Mr. 
Witheroe ; Ellen, m. E. McCormick ; Elvira, m. B. Taylor ; Wm., m. Alice 
Hopper ; Hannah, m. Atchison Pollock ; and Fannie, m. Jas. W. Green. 

3. Eliza, who m. Phillip Slaughter, had Eliza, who m. Montgomery Slaugh- 

4. John m. Helen Berry, and had, Helen m. Rev. Authur Jones ; Wm. A. 
H. B.,and Lizzie; 

5. Fanny, m. J. F. Scott, and had Betty J.; Fanny, m. Mr. Carter; Susan, 
ra. Rev. Clemons ; 

6. Ellen, m. Geo. B. Scott. 

7. Elvira, m. Monroe Kilby, and had Ellen A., who m. R. Carmichael ; 
Lane, Margaret and Lizzie. * > . / -^ 

Judge John GREEN,(Willis, Duff, Robt.), m. Sarah Reed and had 

1. Dr. Willis, m. Louisa Smith. (^' 

2. Peachy, who m. Rev. R. A. Johnstone,of Danville, Ky.; and had Mary,m. 
Mr. Hogutt; Alice,and Dr. ^^rthur. 

3. Sarah Reed, who m. Jno. Barkley, and had Jno. Gr., of Danville, Ky.; 
Mary, m. Rev. W. R. Brown, near Chicago ; Jessamine, m. E. W. C. Hum- 
phreys, of Louisville ; Martha, m. W. L. Green, Jr., of Peoria, HI.; Ada, m. 
Nat Lafox, of Harrodsburg, Ky.; and Wm. Craig, of Louisville. 

4. Rev. Joshua Fry, m. Harriet Booker ; died in Memphis; had Louisa, 
Sallie and William, who lived in Little Rock. 

0. Susan who m. Jas. Weir, of Owensboro, Ky., had Jno. G., m. Lizzie 
Griffith; Belle, m. Clinton Griffith ; Authur, Jas., Susan, and Dora.« 

6. Rev. Wm. L., who m. Susan Weir, had Wm. L., m. Martha Barkeley, of 

7. Thos. M., m., 1st. Nannie Butler, 2nd. Pattie Craig, and had Jno. Allen, 
Bessie Logan, Pierce Butler, Lettie Craig, Wm. O. Butler, Mary Keith, Pattie 
Craig and Nannie Thomas. 

8. Jno. Duff, who m. Ida Triplett of St. Louis. 

Letitia Green, (Willis, Duff, Robert), ra. Maj. Jaraes Barbour, and had 

1. Catherine, who ra. J. Wesley Vick, of Vicksburg, and had Kate, Mar- 
tha, Nannie, Amanda and Neville. 

2. Jaraes, who m. Elizabeth Foster, of Maysville, Ky., had Jas. F. m. Eliz- 
abeth Taylor; and Rev. John Green Foster, a Presbyterian minister in Gill- 
ney county, Ky. 

3. Martha, who m. Rev. B. M. Hobson, had Barbour and Lewis Green. 

4. Rev. Lewis (x., who m. ElizaV)eth Ford, of Richmond, Ky., and had sev- 
eral children. 

Eliza Green, (Willis, Duff, Robt.,) m. Dr. Ben Edwards, and had 
1. and 2. Sarah and Julia, who both ra. Col. Lewis Parsons. 
3 PjUen, m. M. Whitaker and had son, Edward. 

4. Peachy, ui. Mr. Ostcone. 

5. ^larTha, m. Dr. Todd, of Lexington. Mo. 

(!. Rt'V. Willis G.. prolVssor in St. JiOiiiss nicdiial (•..lleyt'. 

7. Ben, m. Mi,s8 Mi(l}j:e, and died in Texas. 

8. Presley, ni. Miss Tunstiill, of Illinois. 

9. Frank, in. and It'ft widow and child in St. l.otiis. 
, 10. Cyrus, live<l in Texas 

Martha CtREEX (Willis. Duff, Robt.), ni. T)r. Win. (-raiii-. and had 

1. Eliza J. 

2. .Inc. J., m. Amanda Goodloe, and had Alma, Lettie and Hettie. 

;}. Rev. Willis Ct., m. Amelia Owsley of K«okuk, 111., and had 7 children. 

4. Lettie B., m. Dr. Geo. Cowen, and had son, Harry. 

"). Pattie E., m. Thos. M. (xreen, of Maysville,Ky. 
General Duff Greex (Wm., Duff, Robt.), m. Lucretia Edwards, and had 
1. Laura, m. Shell)y Reed, having? 4 sons and 2 daup:hters; 2. Marfjaret, m. An- 
drew Calhoun, havinf? 7 sons and 2 daughters; 3. Benjamin, m. Lizzie Waters, 
of Dalton, Ga.; 4. Lizzie, m. Dr. Bivinf?s; .5. Mary,m. Mr. Maynard, having Con- 
stance, who m. Mr. l^ixon, and 7 other children; (i. Duff, m. Miss Pickens, hav 
inf>: Duff, Lizzie and Floride; 7. Jessie; 8 Constance, and 9. Florine. 

Jl'DGE Jxo. AV. Gkkkx, (Wm., Jno., Robt.), m. 1st. Mary BroAvne, by whom 
he had 

1. Wm., who m. Columbia Slaughter, and had John, killed in battle; and 
Bettie, m. Jas. Hayes, of Richmond, haviny; 2 sons and several daughters. 

2. Raleign B., died single. 

a. Dr. Daniel S., U. S. A., m. Virginia Slaughter, and had Dr. AVilliam, of 
Baltimore; Samuel S., of Charleston, W. Va.; and Mollie, m. Richard Morton, 
of Baltimore, having one daughter and several sons. 

Judge J. AV. G., m. 2nd. Millian Cooke, a granddaughter of Geo. Mason, of 
Gunston. Hall, by whom he had. 

1. Jno. Cooke, m. Lucy Morton, and had two daughters, Bessie, m. Jno. 
Ambler Brooke; and Cooke. 

2. Thos. Claiborne, Judge of the West A'irginia Court of Appeals, m. Mary 
Naylor McDonald, and had Clailiorne, m. Miss H.arris; Annie, m. .Jno. Porter- 
lield; F]ora, m. Kruger Smith: Kate,m. Jno. Lattimer; and Elizabeth Travers, 

>■ m^. Dr. Perry. 

:'.. (reorge, m. Bettie Ashby, and had a number of children, (Uie of whoiu. 
Dora, III, G. M. Wallace, of Stafford county. 

4. .James Williams, m. Anne Sanford McDonald, and ha<l .\ugus McDonald, 
111. -Miss Taylor; Mary Mason, m. .1. R. Norris; Leacy Naylt)r, m. J. M. Ijeach: 
-Nancy (^raig, m. J)r. W. W. (irant, of ])enver; .James Williams, in. Mamie Hill, 
of S. ('.; Sue M(;DonaUl, ni. Franklin Stearns; John Williams; and Raleigh 

r». Liic\ Williams, died single. 

I 'I'lie Green genealogy has been revised and added to by the publisher of 
this hook, from ivlinble data in his possession, the work ixMiigdone in Decem- 
ber, isit'.i. I 


Coi.oNKi, .Joil.\ GiJKKX ( Itli. son of the first Rol)ert ), was born in Culi)eiiei- 
<'ounty al)out 1730. Hem. Su.sanna Blackwell; was chosen collector of Sr. 
Mark's Parish 1701; made churchwarden with Jiis Ijrother Robert in 17(U. In 
\/l77f> Richard Yancey was chosen vestryman "in place of John Green, in Con- 
tinental service."' CJolonel Green entered the military service «if Virginia as 
('ajitain 1st. Va. Bat., Sept. 4, 1775. When Ids command was mustered into 
the ( "(intiiieiitjii Line, lie was re-elected C;ipt.. .Ian. 2(i. 177ii. at which time lie 

was under the eoiumand of (Ten. Andrew Ltnvis at Williamsburg. In the fall 
of that year he served under AVashington in New York; was engaged with his 
troops at Mamaroneck in the attack on Major Roberts of the British Army, 
Oct., 21, 1776, when he was wounded in the shoulder. 

"A detachment of our men under Col. Haylet surprised Major Rogers and 
his regiment at Marinack last night. * * * We have two men killed and 
twelve wounded, among them Major Greene, of the 1st. Va. Reg't., an officer 
of great merit." (Force.) Col. Tench Tilghman, in his report of the action, 
says: "Gen. Washington detached Major Green, of Va., with 150 men of the 
1st. and :Jrd. Va. Reg'ts., and Colonel Haslet, of Del., with GOO men to support 
them. * * * We had 12 wounded, among them Major Green, in the shoul- 
der." (Force.) In 1777 (Carrington says) "a portion of Greene's Va. Reg't. 
joined the garrison at Fort Mifflin," and took part in the gallant defence of 
that post. Col. Green was promoted by Congress. Jan. 26, 1778, to be colonel 
of the 6th. Va. Reg't., with which command he acted with conspicuous brave- 
ry at Brandywine and Monmouth. At Gilford C. H., he covered the retreat of 
Gen. Greene, but to liis own personal dissatisfaction. When Gen. Greene de- 
cided that his safety lay in withdrawing his tioops from action, ''Col. Greene 
of Va., Avas ordered to withdraw his regiment from the line, and to take a po- 
sition at some distance in the rear, for the purpose of affording a rallying point 
to the fugitives, and of covering the retreat of the two regiments which con- 
tinued in the field." (Marshall, IV. 481.) Gen. Lee, in his memoirs, describing 
the battle, says: "Colonel Green, one of the bravest of brave soldiers, with his 
regiment of Virginians, was driven off without having tasted of battle, and or- 
dered to a given point in the rear for the security of this movement (the re- 
treat), which was performed deliberately undercover of Col. Green." 

Col. Green was much dissatisfied with the General's selection of his regi- 
ment for this service though esteemed among the most honorable— so anxious 
was the veteran officer to be led at once into keen conflict. When it was an- 
nounced upon the first of the retreat that the British were close advancing he 
became better humored, but soon the pursuit was discontinued, and his sour- 
ness returned. His friends would often console him by stating his selection as 
an evidence of the confidence reposed in him as a soldier. This would not sat- 
isfy the Colonel, who never failed to reply that he did not like such sort of dis- 
tinction; and he lioped the Gen. would upon the next occasion attach to some 
other regiment the h6nor of covering his retreat. Getting to the General's eai's 
he took the first opportunity of telling the Colonel, whom he much esteemed 
and respected, that he had heard he did not relish the part assigned to his 
regiment the other day. "No, that I did not," replied the old Colonel. "Well," 
rejoined Greene, "be patient you shall have the first show the next time." 
This delighted liim,and he always reckoned upon the promised boon with pleas- 
ure.— [The publishers are indebted to Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden's "Virginia 
Genealogies" for the above information relative to Col. Green's service in the 
war of th«i Revolution. 1 

Colonel Green's sons were William, m. Lucy Clayton Williams; John, 
killed at Valley Forge in a duel; Robert, m. Frances P]dmundsy(kIoses m. Fan- 
ny Richards; Thomas, m. 1st. Miss Miller, 2nd. Jjucy Peyton. 

There has been a continuous succession of vestrymen in this fann'ly, from 
Robert of 1731, who was a member^of the House of Burgesses, to Major J. W. 
Green, late a leading monibor of the rulj)cper bar. 



The Lightfoots were auion^ the early colonists in Virginia. They seem 
to have settled originally in Gloucester and James City when the latter em- 
braced what is now Charles City County. Colonel Philip Lightfoot was a ves- 
tryman of Petsworth Parish as early as 1()8;3. By his last will he deviseci his 
lands to his eldest son Francis, remainder to liis son Philip. Francis devised 
his lands to his daughter Elizabeth, who married Peter Randolph of Henrico ; 
remainder to his brother Philip Lightfoot. The entail was docked by the 
House of Burgesses in 1740, and by agreement between the parties these lands 
were vested in Philip Lightfoot. 

The present writer remembers to have seen at Sandy Point in Charles City 
when it was owned and occupied bj' Col. Robt. B. Boiling, divers portraits of 
the old Lightfoots. There Avere three William Lightfoots in succession at 
Sandy Point, and their tombs are still there. The lirst died in 1727, the sec- 
ond in 1809, and the third in 1810. We have in f)ur possession now a copy of 
Bayles' folio dictionary, in ten volumes, with the name and coat-of-arms of 
William Lightfoot Tedington on each volume. Tedington was one of the 
four farms which composed the splendid estate of Sandy Point, between the 
James and Chiekahominy RiA'ers. Three of these farms wei-e inherited by 
Miss ]Minge(Mrs. Robert B. Boiling), and the fourth was added by Mr. Boiling. 

There is a family of Lightfoots at Port Royal, Caroline, represented by the 
late Philip Lightfoot and his sons, Lewis JJghtfoot and his brother John. 

In 172G we lind the name of Major (xoodrich Ughtfoot as a member of the 
vestry of St. George's Parish, Si>otsylvania, when that parish and county em- 
braced what was afterwards the jjarish of St. Mark's and county of Culpeper. 
He was one of the lay readei-s at the Germanna Church, and he and Robert 
Slaughter were appointed to count all the tolxictio plants from the mouth of 
the Rapidan to ttie mouth of Mountain Run, and up Mountain Run and across 
to the mouth of the Robinson River, in obedience to an Act of the Assembly 
limiting the number of plants to be cultivated by each planter. 

At the organization of St. Mark's Parish, at Germanna in ITi?! , he was cho- 
sen a member of the first vestry by the freeholders and housekeepers of St. 
Mark's, his home being within the limits of tlie new parish. He served as ves- 
tryman and churchwarden till his death in 1738, and was succeeded by Cap- 
tain Goodrich Lightfoot in 1741, who served till his removal from the parish 
in 1771. William Lightfoot was also a vestryman from 1752 to 17")8, when he 
moved out of its bounds to the parish of Bromfield, Avhich had been cut oil" 
from St. Mark's in 1752. William, we think, was the father of Goodrich, who 
married the daughter of the Rev. Henry Fry, who lived in the fork of Crooked 
Run and the Robinson River, (ioodrich Lightfoot lived opi)Osite to the pres- 
ent home of George ('lark. Esq., on the Robinson River. He was the brother 
of the late Major Philip Lightfoot of the Culi>ei)er Iwr. and of Walker Light- 
foot (clerk), and he was the father of Frank Lightfoot. clerk 
of Culpeper. who married Miss Fielder (father of Col. Charles 
E. Lightfoot), and of Edward, of Madison, who married Miss Con- 
ner, and is tiie father of Virginia: and John, who married Miss Turner, the 
granddaughter of Major John Roberts of the Revolution, wh<>se~wTrp~\vas the 
daughter of the old vestryman Cai)tain Robert PollanL 

From the names of Philip, John, and William, which were couniion to 
these several branches of the Lightfoots, the presumption is that they sprang 
from the same stock. 


From the record of James Madison, Sr., the father of the President, and 
from the record of James Madison, Jr., the President. 

The first of the name in Virginia, John Madison patented land in Gloucester 
county, in 16r)3. His son John was the father of Ambrose, who married Fran- 
ces, daughter of James Taylor, Aug. 29th, 1731. Their son, James Madison, Sr., 
was married to Nelly, daughter of Francis Conway of Caroline, Sept. 13tii, 
1749. James Madison, Jr., (the President) was horn at Port Conway at 12 
o'clock (midnight) 6th March, 1751, was baptized by Rev. Wm. Davis, March 
Hist, and had for godfathers John Moore and Jonathan Gibson, and for god- 
mothers Mrs. Rebecca Mooi*e and Misses Judith and Elizabeth Catlett. Fran- 
ces, daughter of James, Sr., born June 18th, 1753, baptized by the Rev. Mungo ^- 
Marshall, July 31st; godfathers, Richard ^geale and Erasmus Taylor; godmoth- / 
ers. Miss Mill y Taylor and Mrs Frances B^iilg. ' Ambrose, son of James, Sr./ 
born Jan. 27th, 1750, Itaptized by Rev. Mr. Marshall, March 2d; godfathe7"s, 
James Coleman and George Taylor; godmothers, Mrs. Jane Taylor and Alice 
Chew. Catlett, son of James Sr., born Feb. 10th, 1758, baptized by Rev. Jas. 
Maury, Feb. 22d; godfathers. Col. Wm. Taliaferro and Richard Beale; god- 
mothers, Mrs. E. Beale and Miss Milly Chew. Nelly, daughter of James, Sr., 
(Mrs. Hite) born Feb. 14th, 1760, baptized March Oth by Rev. Wm. Giberne; 
godfathers, Larkin Chew and Wm. Moore; godmothers, Miss E. Catlett and 
Miss C. Bowie^ William Madison born May 1st, 1762, baptized May 23d by Rev. / 
James Marye, Jr.; godfathers, William Moore and Jas. Taylor; godmothers, 
Miss Mary Willis and Miss Milly Chew. Sarah (Mrs. Thomas Macon), born 
Aug 17th, 1764, baptized Sept. 15th, by Rev. James Marye; godfathers Capt. R. 
J. Barbour and Andrew Shepherd; godmothers, Mrs. Sarah Taylor and Miss 
Mary Conway. Elizabeth Madison born Feb. 19th, 1768, baptized Feb. 22d by 
Rev. Thomas Martin; godfathers. Major T. Burnley and Ambrose Powell; god- 
mothers, Miss Alice and Miss Nelly Chew. Reuben Madison born Sept. 19th, 
1771, baptized Nov. lOth by Rev. Mr. Barnett; godfathers, Francis Barbour and 
James Chew; godmothers, Alice and Nelly Chew. Francis Taylor Madison 
(Mrs. Dr. Robert Rose) born Oct 9th, 1774, baptized Oct. 30tli by Rev. Mr. 
Wingate; godfathers, Thos. Bell and Richard Taylor; godmothers Miss Frances 
and Miss Elizabeth Taylor. Here the old family record closes. It is a model 
record, which others would do well to iujitate. In it we have the succession 
of the ministers of the parish, Wingate being the last of the colonial clergy. 
James Madison, Jr., was chairman of the (\)mmittee of Public Safety and an 
active vestryman. 

The living representatives of James Madison.Sr.. so lar as is known by the 
writer, a'-e: 

1. The oldest child (Nelly) of Ambrose, eldest son of James Madison, Sr. / 
married Dr. Willis and their living descendants are Col. John Willis of Orange ^ 
and his children. 

2. Of General William Madison, 2nd brother of James Madison Jr., (Presi- 
dent) the living descendants are Wm. Madison and children of Texas, Dr. Jas 
Madison of Orange, and the children of CoL.Iohn Willis through their mother; ^' 
the wife and children of Wm. P. Dabney of Powhatan; the children of Rol)ert 
Marye; the wife and children of Dorsey Taliaferro of Texas ; the children of 
Major John H. Lee by his second wife Fanny, daughter of Lewis Willis and ' 
Eliza Madison; Dr. Robert Madison (the son of Robert) and his children, Vir- 
ginia Military Institu<:e: the children uf Daniel F. Slaughter by his first wife, 
Letitia Madison: and the children of DnTliomas T. Slaughter by his first wife. 


Of Frank, third brother of the President, the representatives are the chil- 
dren of Alexander and Thompson Shepherd. 

The eldest sister of the President, Nelly (Mrs. Hite), left a son and dau{?h- 
ter. Her son Madison Hite, left two sons and a daughter (Mrs. Baker), all be- 
lieved to be living. Her daughter Nelly married Dr. Baldwin. Miss Baldwin, 
the untiring Missionary in Greece, and now at Joppa, is the illustrious off- 
spring of this marriage. 

The second sister of the President, Sarali, manned Thomas Macon. Of a 
number of children of this marriage, two only left issue. I.Conway Macon 
left a son and three daughters. The son, who was killed at Manassas, left an 
only son, Edgar, now living. Conway Macon's daughter married Washington, 
Cave and Smith; the first and last of whom are living and have several chil- 
dren. 2. James Madison Macon's daughters, Mrs. Hite and Mi-s. Knox. There 
was also a Thomas Macon, Jr., and that mother in Israel, the late Mrs. Reuben 
Conway, was a daughter of Thomas Macon, Sr., and Sarah ^Madison. 

The youngest sister of the President, Fanny, married Dr. Robert Rose and 
they emigrated to Tennessee about 1822 or '23 with children, Ambrose, Hugh, 
James, Robert, Erasmus, Henry, Sam, Nelly, Frances and Mary. Of these. 
Dr. Erasmus Rose, if living, is a resident of Memphis. 

James Madison, Sr., the zealous old vestryman, had a habit of making 
short sketches of sermons he heard. Col. John Willis had some of them. His 
great son, the President, left among his papers comments on the Gospels and 
the Acts of the Apostles. Among these are the following:— "Christ's Divinity 
appears in St. John, ch. xx. v. 28." On the words of Christ to St. Paul, '"Arise 
and go into the city, and it shall be told tnee what thou shalt do," his com- 
ment is, "It is not the talking,but the walking and working person that is the 
true Christian." It was he that furnished a list of theological author^ for the 
Library of the University of Virginia. There are doubtless other descendants 
of Jamas Madison, Sr., but the author of this notice is unable to trace the line 
of their connection with him. 


Alexander Spotswood, Governor of Virginia, and Ann Butler his wife, had 
four children. 

1. John m. (1745) Mary dau. of Wm. Dandridge of the British Navy, ch. 1. 
Alexander, General in the army of the Revolution, who m. Elizabeth dau. of 
Gen. Wm. Augustine Washington and niece of Gen. George Washington; their 
ch. were 1. John, ('apt. in the American Revolution, wounded at Brandy wine, 
2. George W., 3. William, 4. Elizabeth (Mrs. Page), 5. Mary (Mi-s. Brooke), (i. 
Ann (Mrs. Taliaferro), 7. Henrietta (Mrs. Taliaferro). 8. Martha. Capt. John m. 
Sally Rowzie, ch. Mary, John. Susan, Robert, Dandridge, Norborne. Berkely, 
IjUcv and Ann. 

Ann Catherine, dau. of the Gfovernor, m. Bernard Mooi-e, of (Chelsea. King 
William Co., ch. Augustine m. Sarah Rind and their dau. m. Carter Braxton; 
Bei'uard Moore, Jr., m. Lucy Ann Lieper, of Philadelphia, their ch. were An- 
drew, Thomas, Elizabeth and Lucy. Elizabeth, dau. of Bernard Moore, Sr., 
m. John Walker, of Belvoir, Albeumrle Co , ch. Mildred m. Francis Kinloch, 
M. C, of South Carolina, and their ch. Eliza m. Judge Hugh Nelson, of Belvoir. 
(The tradition is that when Congress was sitting at Philadelphia, Francis 
Kinloch met Mildred Walker on the street as she was returning from her hair- 
dresser, and fell in love with her at first sight and afterwards married her.) 

Ann Butler Moore dau. of Bernard ^loore, Sr.. m. (Charles Carter, of Shir- 
ley, ch. 1. Robt. ni. Mar\- Nelson, of York. -J. .\iiii Hill ni. (t<mi. Hmrv l.ce diis 

second wife), eh. 1. Charles Carter, 2. Robert Edward (the great Confederate 
general, 3. Captain Sidney, U. S. and C. S. Navy, 4. Ann, 5. Mildred. Bernard 
Moore Carter, son of Charles Carter of Shirley and Anne Butler Moore, m. Lu- 
cy dau. of Governor Henry Lee and Matilda (his first wife). Catherine Spots- 
wood Carter, m. Carter Berkley, ch. Elizabeth, Edmund and Farley Wil- 
liams Carter m. Charlotte Foushee. Lucy Carter m. Nat Burwell, of Roanoke, 

Dorothea SpotsAvood dau. of the Governor, m. Ca])tain Nat West Dand- 
ridge of the British Navy, ch. 1. John m. Miss Goode, 2. Robert m. Miss Allen, 
3. William m. Miss Boiling, 4. Natm. Miss Watson, 5. Mary m. Woodson Payne, 
«. another daughter m. Archy Payne, 7. another m. Philip Payne, 8. Anna m. 
John Spots wood Moore, 9. Dorothea m. Patrick Henry, f he oi-ator (see Henry 

For other branches of this family see Spotswood genealogy by Charles 
Campbell, the historian, a descendant of Gov. Spotswood. 

The Pjielimixarie.s Of ^Laurtaoe In axtk-Rkvomtioxary Times. 

Tlio following correspondence will show how courtships were conducted 
by our forefathers. The patriarchal authority was recognized, and young 
to>\ii did not make love until tlic preliminaries were arranged by their fathers. 
Wt- are indebted to Mi'-K. Nelson, a lineal descendant of the parties, for the or- 
iginal letters; as the old folks have been dead for more than a hundred years, 
we presume no one's delicacy will be offended by the exposition of these illus- 
trations of a past age. In the foregoing Spotswood genealogy will be found 
the relations of the parties to the past and present genei-ations. 

May 27th, ]7()4. 
Dear Sir:— IMy son. Mr. John Walker, luiving informed me of his inten- 
tion to pay his addresses to your daughter Elizabeth, if he should be agreea- 
ble to yourself, lady and daughter, it may not be amiss to inform you what 1 
think myself al)le to afford for their support, in case of an union. My affairs 
are in an uncertain state; but I will })romise one thousand pounds, to be paid 
in the year 17>">5, and one thousand pounds to be paid in the year 176f5; and the 
further sum of two thousand pounds I i)romise to give him. but the uncertain- 
ty of my ])resent affairs prevents my fixing on a time of payment: — the above 
sums are ail to be in money or lands and other effects at the option of my said 
son, Joiui Walker 

1 am, Sir. your humble servant, 

Col. Bern ari) Moork. Escj., 
in King William. 

2Sth May. 17(!4. 
Dear Sir: — Your son, Mr. John Walker, applied to me for leave to make 
his addresses to my daughter Elizabeth. I gave him leave, and told him at 
the same time that my affairs were in such a state that it was not in my pow- 
er to pav him all the money this year that L intended to give my daughter, 
provi.. ii he succeeded; but would give him five hundred pounds next spring, 
and live hundred pounds more as soon as I could raise or get the money; 
which sums, you may depend, I will mos" ' punctually pay to him. 

I aui, Sir. your f)bedient servant, 



The official history of Mr. St n'enson is given ii» the btxly of this w(u-k. He 
m. Fanny Littleiiage, a sister .)( Gen. Jjewis Jjlttlepage, whose brief and bril- 
liant career is delineated in this volume. He had nine children, viz: — James, 
Edward, Nancy, Jane, Sar-'Ji, Carter, Lewis, RoV^ert and Andrew. 1. James (M. 
D ) duf.] in New Orleans, 'i. Sarah m. Rev. .John Woodville, of St. "Mark's, '5. 


Edward was lost at sea, 4. Jane was lost in the burning of the theatre at Rich- 
mond (in 1811), 5. Nancy never married, 6. Robert m. Miss Towles and lived in 
Lewisburg, Va.; ch. Robert, James, Charles and Fanny Littlepage. 7. An- 
drew Stevenson (Speaker o( Congress and Minister to England) m. first Miss 
White, daughter of a clergyman of South Carolina. The Hon. John White 
Stevenson, late Governor of Kentucky and Senator of the U. S., is their son. 
Governor Stevenson m. Miss Winston. Hon. Andrew Stevenson m. second 
Sarah, daughter of John Coles and Miss Tucker, and their only child, a daugh- 
ter, died young. Hon. Andrew Stevenson m. third Mary Shaaf of Georgetown, 
D. C. Lewis Stevenson, brother of Andrew, m. Miss Herndon; issue, James; 
William, and Fanny, who m. Dr. Wellford. Carter Stevenson m. Miss Jane 
Herndon; issue, Fanny Arnotte (Mrs. Thompson Tyler), Isabella m. Mr. Carter, 
Jr. (General C. S. A.), Byrd, and Sally. 


The root of this family in Virginia was James Taylor, who, coming from 
Carlisle in England, settled on the Chesapeake Bay, and died in 1698. His 
daughter Mary m. first Henry Pendleton (see Pendleton genealogy,) m. second 
Edward Watkins. His son John mi Catharine Pendleton, and wjis the father 
of 1. Edmund m. Anne Lewis, 2. of .Tohn who m. Miss Lyne, :!. of .James who 
m. Anne PoUai-d, 4. of Philip, who m. Mary Walker, 5. of William who m. Miss 
Anderson, 6. of Joseph, who m. Frances Anderson, 7. of Mary, wlio m. Mr. 
Penn, 8. of Catharine, who m. Penn, !). of Isabella, who m. Samuel, father of 
the late Gen. Samuel Hopkins,of Henderson, Ky.. 10. of Elizabeth, whom, first 
Mr. Lewis, m. second Mr. Bullock. 

James, son of Ist James, m. Martha Thompson; issue, 1. Zachary m. Eliza- 
beth Lee, and their son Zachary m. Alice Chew, 2. Richard m. Sarah Strother, 
and was the father of Gen. Zachary Taylor (President), whose daughter Sarah 
Knox m. Jefferson Davis (President C. S.) The present Gen. Dick Tiwlor is a 
son of the Pi'esident. Another son of James 2d, George, m. Rachael Gibson 
and had many sons, seven of whom were Revolutionary officers; George was 
the ancestor of many Kentuckians, among wiiom Dr. Frank Taylor. Major 
Wm. Taylor, and Edward M. Taylor of Oldham County, Samuel Taylor of 
Clark County, and Dr. Gibson Taylor of Union. Another son of James 2d, 
Charles, m. Sarah Conway, and was the father of Harriet, who m. Catlett Con- 
way; another daughter, Matilda, m. William Moore, and another. Evelina, m. 
George Morton. Erasmus, son of .James 2d. m. Jane Moore, and 1. their dan. 
Milly m. William Morton, uncle of Hon. Jere. and Dr. George Morton. 2. 
Frances m. Garland Burnley, 3. Elizabeth m. .Vndrew Glassell (see Glassell 
genealogy), 4. Lucy m. Rev. Alex. Balmain, .■>. John m. Ann Gilbert, (>. Jane m. 
C. P. Howard, 7. Robert m Frances Pendleton; issue 1. Robert m. Mary Tay- 
lor, 2. Milly m. Hay Taliaferro, father of Jaquelin. of Dr. Edmund and Mrs. B. 
Stanard. 'S. Lucinda m. James Shepherd. 4. Jaquelin 1^. m. Martha Richard- 
son, 5. Jane m. John Hart. 6. Dr. Ei^mund m. Mildred Turner; issue, 1. Eliza- 
beth m. Rev. Joseph Earnest, late Rector of St. Thomas Parish, 2. Robenette 
m. Dr. Thomas Reeveley, 3. Edmouia, 4. Lucy Jane (deceased), 5. Erasmus m. 
Miss Ash by. 

Alexander, son of l^'t Robert m. Mildrei' C. Lindsay, and their daughter 
Sally m. Col. John M. Patton. 

Frances, daughter of James 2d, m. Ambrose Madison (see Madison geneal- 
ogy), Martha m. Chew, Tabitha m. Wild, Hannah m. Battaile, Milly m. a 

James, son of ,J;imes and grandson oi' James Isf, m. Ali "^ Thornton, and 

their son James in. first Ann Hubbard, ni. second Sarah Taliaferro, ni. third 
Eliza Conway and had a numerous posterity, among whom are Capt. Rob ert 
Taliaferro of Louisville, Ky., and others. 

Major Frank Taylor, from whose diary we have quoted so lengthily in this 
volume m. Ann Craddock; issue, James, Thornton, Robert, H)lizabeth, Sutton 
and Francis Craddock. 


Richmond, ViRiaxiA, Sept<Mnber 21st, 1870. 
Mrs. Daxiel Slaughter. 

Dear Madam: — I have been informed that your maiden name was Winston, 
and that you have a family tree. As I am very anxious to learn accurately 
the Winston ancestry of my grandfather, Patrick Henry. I trust yoxi will por- 
don me for asking a coi)y of the tree, or if it is a very largf' one, of that part 
which relates to his ancestry. 

1 am, very respectfully, 

Wm. Wikt Hkxijy. 
CiLi'Ki'Ki?, ViROixiA, ()ctol)er loth. 1870. 
Dkar Sir: 

My sister, Mrs. Daniel Slaughter, has requested me to acknowledge the re- 
ceipt of your letter of the 21st ultimo, and to answer it. The account of th(! 
AVinston family in our jjo.s.session was written for the satisfaction of her own 
family by my grandmother, whose maiden name was Lucy Coles, a grand- 
daughter of Isaac W^inston the emigrant; and she married her cousin Isaac 
Winston, a grandson of the same emigrant. I will compile a genealogy of the 
family from my grandmothers record, and from information of a later date 
derived from other sources. I have comi)ared her record with the old wills, 
also in our possession, and I find it correct for tw^o generation-. 

Isaac Winston, the most remote ancestor of that name that I can trace 
back to, was born in Y'orkshire P'ngland, in 1620. A grandson of his pursued 
his fortunes in Wales, where he had a large family. Three of his sons emi- 
grated to America, and settled near Richmond, Virginia, in 1704. Their names 
were William, Isaac and James. It is the genealogy of the descendants of 
Isaac, the second of these brothers, that my grandmother has written. 

Isaac Winston the emigrant, married Mary Dabney, and ^ied in Hanover 
f'ounty in 1760, leaving six children. William, Isaac, Anthony, Lucy, Mary 
Ann, and Sarah. I do not mention them in the order of their births; on the 
contrary, I think Sarah, the last mentioned, was the oldest. 

1. William, son of Isaac Winston; the emigrant, ("He was said to have been 
endowed with that rare kind of magnetic eloquence wliich rendered his neph- 
ew, Patrick Henry, so famous."— Campbell's History of Virginia, p. 520. See 
also Wirt's Life of Henry), m. Sarah Dabney, issue, Elizabeth, Edmund, (Judge 
Winston) and Mary Ami. 1. Elizabeth m. Peter Fontaine, issue, 1. John m. 
Martha Henry dau. of Patrick Henry, issue, Patrick Henry (other children not 
known). 2. Sarah Fontaine m. Charles Rose; issue, John, Peter, Sarah and 
Alexander. ;l. William Fontaine m. Ann Morris. 4. Mary Fontaine m. first 
Bowles Armstead; issue, William, Elizabeth, Mary and Peter; m. second John 
Lewis a nephew of Grcneral Washington; issue, Frances, Howel and Mary Ann. 
' ' other children of Peter Fontaine and P^lizabeth Winston were James, 
nd, Judith and Su.sanna, but their marriages are not given in the record. 
n-. William Spotswood Fontaine, now of Reidsville, N. C, and the Rev. 
' Fontaine, now of New Orleans, belong to this branch, and are grand- 
■)hn i&ontaJM'e and his wife Martha Henry.) 2. Edmund (Judge Win- 


ston) m. 1. his cousin Alice Winston; issue, 1. George m. Dorothea Henry dau4 
of Patrick Henry; issue, Jaines a distini^uished Javvyer and politician of Mo., 
(died in 1813.) 2. Sarah m. Dr. Geor->:e Caball. ;3. Alice m. Frederick Cabell. 
4. Mary m. Mr. Jones of Buckin;?hatn. 5. Edmund m. Eliza Wyat. * Judjjre 
Eirnund Winston in. second the 'widow of Patrick Hanry, no issue. His des- 
cenclants are scattered in N. C, Mo., and Miss. Dr. Wm. Winston, now of 
Toceapola, Miss., is his great-fj^randson. 3. Mary Ann Winston m. Dr. John 
Walker; issue, Benjamin, John, Frances and Edmund. 

2. Isaac, son of Isaac Winst6n the emigrant, m. Marianne dau. of Rev. Peter 
Fontaine, Rector of Westov;er Parish, (great-great-graudson of John de la Fon- 
taine, martyred in France A. D. 15!Jo, ancestor of all the Fontaines and Maurys 
in Virginia); issue, two sons. 1. Peter (see V^alentine Supplement to this gene- 
alogy) 2. Isaac m. his cousin Lucy Coles; issue, Mrs. Garland Anderson, who 
left one son Alfred, who emigrated to Kentucky, Waltei*, Mrs. Ariustead and 
Mrs. Dr. Beckwith; all of whom moved to xVlabama years ago: Dr. Isaac Wins- 
ton of Alexandria, who survived all his children and left no grandchildren, and 
last William A. Winston who m. Mary Wallace; issue, 1. Walter died unmar- 
ried. 2. Martha m. Dr. Payne; issue, William Henry. 3. Marj' m Daniel F. 
Slaughter; issue, Mary, Eliza, Caroline, John and Daniel. 4. James m. in 
Cal. 5. Wallace, fi. Isaac (your corresi)ondent). 7. Caroline m. John S. 
Hamilton; issue, Hugh and Mary. 8. Arthur, and 9. Lucien. 

8. Anthony, son of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. Alice dau. of Col. Ed- 
mund Taylor of Caroline; issue, 1. Sarah died single. 2. Anthony (whose chil- 
dren njoved to Ala., their names were John J., Anthony, Governor of that 
State, F^dmund and Isaac, and a daughter, Mrs. Peters.) 3. Alice m. Judge 
Edmund Winston. 4. Mary. 

4. Lxicy, dau. of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. first William Dabney; is- 
sue, William; m. second Wm. Coles; issue, 1. Walter m. Miss Darricott; issue; 
Walter. 2. Lucy m. Isaac Winston (as before mentioned). 3. Mary m. John 
Payne of Philadelphia; issue, Walter, William Temple and Isaac (all died un- 
married). 4. Dorothea or Dolly m. first John Todd; issue, John Payne and 
William Temple (both died unmarried); m. second James Madison (Pre'sident 
of the U. S.), no issue. 5. Lucy m. George Washington, nephew of Gen. Wash- 
ington; issue, George, William and Walter; m. second Thomas Todd of Ken- 
tuckey. 6. Anne m. Richard Cutts of Washington City; issue, Mary, Richard 
and James Madison Cutts, whose dau. Adele m. first Stephen A. Douglas, 
Senator in Congress from Illinois, m. second General Robert Williams. U.S. 
Army. 7. Mary m. John G. Jackson; issue, Mary, and .^. John Payne m. (Clar- 
issa Wilcox; issue, sons and daughtei-s in Kentucky. 

5. Mary Ann, dau. of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. John Coles, brother 
of William Coles; issue, Walter, Isaac, Sarah. Mary and John. 1. Walter m. 
Mildred Lightfoot: issue. Mildred m. Col. Carrington, Sarali m. Mr. Bruce, and 
Isaac died unmarried. 2. Isaac (if he married, not known). 3. Sarah m. but 
no issue. 4. Mary m. Mr. Tucker; issue, a dau. who m. Judge Carrington. 5. 
John m. Miss Tucker; issue, I.John m. Miss Shipwith. 2. Walter m. Miss 
Cocke. 3. Isaac m. Miss Strieker. 4. Tucker m. Miss Skipwith. 5. Edward 
m. Miss Roberts, (i. Mary m\ Robert Carter. 7. Rebecca m. Mr. Singleton. K 
Sarah m. Andrew Stevenson (Minister to England). O.Elizabeth never mar 
rietl. 10. Emily m. Mr. Rutherford. 

(i. Sarah, dau. of Isaac Winston the emigranr, m; first John Syme 
John; m. second J(jhn Henry, a Scotch gentleman; issue, ;. Jane m. iii' 
Meredith. 2. William m. but no issue. 3. Sarah (marriag ^ not mentio- 
Patrick (G()v«M-nor Henry) m. first Sarali Siiciton. m. se.-ond Dorot' 

ridge. 5. Lucy m. Valentine Wood. 6. Mary m. Luke Bowyer. 7. Anne m. 
John Christian. 8. Elizabeth m. first Gen. Campbell, m. second Gen. Russell. 
9. Susanna m. Thomas Madison. 

I find from this genealogj' that we are relations. My great-grandfather, 
Isaac Winston, and your great-grandmother,Sarah Winston, were brother and 
sister. I annex to the genalogy a copy of the will of our common ancestor, 
Isaac Winston the emigrant. 

Very truly yours, 

Isaac Winstox. 
Wm. AVirt Henry, Esq., 
Richmond, Va. 

Supplement to the foregoing genealogy by Wm. Wirt Henry of Richmond: 
Sarah, daughter of Isaac Winston the emigrant, m. first John Syme; issue, 
John, member of the House of Burgesses and of the Convention of 1775, one of 
his daughters m. a Fleming; and John Sj'uie, once an editor in Virginia, was 
his descendant. Sarah Syme m. second John Henry (a Scotchman, a nephew 
of Dr. Wm. Robertson, the historian, and a cousin of Lord Brougham); issue: 

L Jane Henry m. Col. Samuel Meredith, issue, 1. Samuel m. Elizabeth dau. 
of Gen. John Breckenridge, 2. Sarah m. Col. Wm. Armstead, .3. Jane m. Hon. 
David S. Garland. 

2. Wm. Heni'v m. but died without issue. 

3. Sarah Henry m. Thomas Thomas of Bristol, England. 

4. Susanna Henry m. Gen. Thoiuas Madison. The Bowyers and Lewises of 
Botetourt County are descendants. 

o. Mary Henry m. Mr. Bowyer. 

6. Anne Henry m. Gen. Wm. Christian, killed by the Indians in Kentucky, 
one dau. m. Gov. Pope of Kentucky. From Mrs. Christian are descended the 
Warfields, BuUits, and pickinsons of that State. 

7. Elizabeth Henry'm. Gen. Wm. Campbell the hero of King's Mountain; 
their only child Sarah m. Francis Preston; issue, 1. Wm. C. Preston, the dis- 
tinguished Senator in Congress from South Carolina, 2. Eliza Preston m. Gen. 
Carrington of Halifax county, 8. Susan Preston m. Gov. James McDowell, 4. 
Sophonisba Preston m. Rev. Robt. J. Breckenridge, D. D., of Kentucky', 5. Sa- 
rah Preston m. Governor .John B. Floyd, 6. Charles Campbell Preston, 7. Maria 
Preston m. John H. Preston, 8. Gen. John S. Preston (C. S. A..) 9. Col. Thomas 
L. Preston (C. S. A.), 10. Margaret Preston m. Gen. Wade Hampton of S. C. 
After the death of Gen. Campbell, his widow ra. Gen. Wm. Russell. 

8. Lucy Henrj' m. Valentine Wood of Goochland; issue, 1. Mary m. Major 
Stephen Southall of the Revolutionary army; issue, 1. Dr. Philip T. Southall, 
father of Professor Stephen O. Southall of the University of Virginia, 2. Valen- 
tine W. Southall, late of Charlottesville, father of William Southall, James C. 
Southall, V. W. Southall, Mrs. Charles Venable of the University of Va., and 
Mrs. Chas. Sharpe of Norfolk. By a second marriage, the widow of Major 
Southall had issue, Joseph Stras and several daughters. 2. Majtha, daughter 
of Valentine and Lucy Wood, m. Judge Peter Johnston of Prince Edward, a 
Lieutenant in the Army of the Revolution, and a distinguished Legislator and 
Judge; issue, 1. John Warfield Johnston, 2. Gen. Peter Carr Johnston, 3. Hon. 
Charles Clement Johnston, 4. Edward William Johnston, 5. Algernon Sidney 
Johnston, 6. Beverly Randolph Johnston, 7. Valentine Johnston, 8. Gen. Jos. 
Eggleston .Tohnston of the late Confederate army, 9. Benjamin Johnston, 10. 
Jane Wood Johnston who m. Henry Michel of Washington, D. C. (The daugh- 
ters of Sarah Henry were women of remarkable talents.) 


Patrick Henry m. fii*st. Sarah Shelton in 1754; issue, 1. Martha Henry m. 
John Fontaine; issue, Wm. Winston Fontaine, father of Rev. Win. Spotswood 
Fontaine, now of Reidsville, N. C. 2. Anne Henry in. Judf?e Spencer Roane 
of the Court of Appeals; issue, 1. Wm. H. Roane, U. S. Senator, wlio left one 
child, Mrs. Edward Harrison, 2. Fayette Roane, who moved to Kentucky and 
died, leaving a daughter. 8. Betsy Henry m. Philip Aylett, of King William, 
issue: a dau. who m. Rev. Wm. Spotswood Fontaine, and a son, Gen. Aylet, 
father of Patrick Henry Aylett, killed in the Capitol disaster, of Col. Wm. 
Aylett of King William, of Pattie Aylett who m. Henry Ware of New York, 
and of Rosalie Aylett who m. Mr. Sampson of Brooklyn. 4. John Henry, who 
left one son, Edmund, who settled in Tennessee. 5. William Henry died child- 
less Patrick Henry m. second, 9th Oct. 1777, Dorothea Dandridge, granddaugh- 
ter of Gov. Spotswood, the issue of tliis marriage were 6. Dorothea Spotswood 
Henry ra. George D. Wuiston; issue. Patrick, George. Edward, Fayette, James, 
Edmund, Sally and Elvira. These went to North Carolina, Missouri and Mis- 
sissippi. 7.' Sarah Butler Henry m. first Robert Campbell, brother of Thomas 
Campbell the poet, no issue; m. second Alex. Scott of Fauquier; issue, 1. 
Henrietta m. Gen. Wm. H. Bailey of Louisanna, 2. Catherine m. Dr. Robert 
Scott, 3. P. H. Scott m. Mary Yancey and left six children. 8. Martha Cathe- 
rine Henry m. Edward Henry of Northumberland, son of Judge James Henry, 
and died leaving a daughter, Dorothea Dandridge. who died unmarried. J). 
Patrick Henry m. Elvira Cabell, daughter of Wm. Cal)ell of Union Hill, Nel- 
son County, and had issue a dau. Elvira, who m. Wm. H. Clark of Halifax, and 
had issue, 1. Elvira C. m. Augustine Claiborne, 2. Nannie m. Thomas Bruce, 8. 
John, 4. Patrick, 5. Eliza m. Alfred Shields of Ilichmond, G. Martha m. Lyle 
Clark, ?. Ellen m. George Lee of Richmond, 8. Rosa m. Mr. Wilkins. 

10. Fayette Henry m. Miss Elcan. of Buckingham, and died childless. 

11. Alexander Spotswood Henry m. Paulina Cabell dau. of Dr. Geo. Cabell 
of Lynchburg. Issue, 1. Geo. Fayette: 2. Patrick; 8. John Robert; 4. Lewis 
Cabell; 5. Sallie m. Dr. Geo. Cabell Carrington: 6. Paulina m. Mr. Jones; 7. Ma- 
rion m. Sam'l. Tyree; 8. Maria Antoinette. 

13. Nathaniel Henry m. Virginia Woodson. Issue, 1. Capt. P. M. Heia-y; 2. 
Lucy m. John Cardwell; 8. Mary m. Mr. Garrett; 4. Martha m. Mr. Ward: •'). 
Dorothea Virginia ni. Beasely. 

18. Richai-d Henry died in infancy. 

14. Edward Winston Henry m. .Jane Yuiile. Issue, 1. Dr. Thomas Y. Hen- 
ry; 2. Patrick Fayette: 8. Marie Ro.salie m. Dr. Wm. B. Lewis: 4. Lucy 1). m. 
Mr. Leighton; 5. Celine m. Robert Catlett: (5. Ada B. m. John G. Smith: 7. Ed- 
ward Winston. , 

1'). John Henry m. Elvira McClelland, granddaughter of ('ol. Wm. Cal)ell 
of Union Hill. Issue. 1. Margaret Anne m. Wm, A. Miller; 2. Elvira M. m. first 
Jesse A. HiggiTibotham; m. second Alexander Taylor; 8. Wm. Wirt Henry; 4. 
Dr. Thomas Stanhope Henry; 5. Lp.iira m. Dr. James Carter: (>. Emma C. m. 
Major James B. Ferguson. 


Peter Winston, son of Isaac Winston and Marianne Fontaine, m. Elizabeth 
Povall. Issue, 1, Isaac m. Miss Burton; 2. Mary Ann m. Alexander Jones; 8. 
Peter m. two sisters. Misses Jones; 4. Elizabeth m. Hesekiah Mosby; o. Susan- 
na m. Mr. (xrubbs; (5. John Povall m. Miss Austin; 7. Sarah m. John Mosby; 8. 
William m. Martha Rfosby: 0. Ann m. Beii.i.-unin Mosbv. ' 


The children of Alexander Jones and Mary Ann Winston were John Win- 
ston, Eliza and drnstavus. 

John Winston Jones, (Speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives), in. 
Harriet Boisseau, issue, 1. Mary m. Georf^e W. Towns, (Governor of Georgia), 
Issue, Harriet Winston, Margaret, John, Mary Winston, Anna, Lou Morton 
and George W. 2. James B. Jones m. Ann Crawley Winston, dau. of Peter 
Winston, son of Peter; issue : Jno. Winston, Peter E., Wm. Gustavus, 
Louisa Winston and Augustus Drewry; 3. Alex. Jones. 

2. Eliza Jones m. John Mosby. Issue John A. Mosby. 

8. Gustavus Jones m. Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Winston of Half-Sink, Hen- 
rico County, and moved to Puducah, Ky. 

The children of Benjamin MosV)y and Ann Winston were 1. Peter Winston, 
2. Elizabeth, 3. John O., 4. Robert P., 5. Mary Ann. 6. Sarah Winston, 7. Ben- 
jamin, 8. Lucy, 9. Patrick Henry, 10. Wm. H., 11. Susanna Virginia. 

Elizabeth Mosby m. Mann Valentine. Issue 1. Elizabeth Ann m. William 
F. Gray, 2. Mann S. m. Ann M. Gray, 3. Benjamin Batchelder, 4. Wm. Win- 
ton, 5. Robert Mosby, 0. Mary Martha m. J. W. Woods, 7. Sarah Benetta, 8. 
Virginia Louisa, 9. Edward Virginus Valentine m. Alice C. RoV)inson. 

P. B. Jones of Orange County belongs to this family, but the author does 
not know the connecting links. 


He was born in the north of England, and was the son of a captain, either 
in the merchant service or Royal Navy. Rev. John Woodville m, Sarah, 
daughter of Rev. James Stevenson. Issue James Littlepage, born 1791, who 
m. Miss Mary Lewis and left one son, James Littlepage, who m. Miss Brecken- 
ridge of Botetourt Co., Va. Fanny, daughter of Rev. John Woodville, born 
1793, m. William Payne, and their son Dr. John J. W. Payne of Riverside, 
Tenn., m. first Martha V., daughter of William A. Winston, of Culpeper (see 
Winston genealogy), and m. second Elizabeth R., daughter of Col. Rufus K. 
Anderson of Alabama,a son of Col. William Anderson (U. S. Infantry), Tennes- 
see. William Payne, who m. Fanny Woodville, and whose piety and devo- 
tion to the Church is so touchingly described by Bishop Green of Mississippi 
in his charge to the last Convention, was a son of the old vestryman of St. 
Mark's, Richard Payne of Culpeper, Va,, who was the son of George Payne of 
Westmoreland (171(i), who was the son of John Payne of Lancaster (1679) who 
was the son of Richard Payne of Northumberland (1G33), whose father came to 
Virginia in 1()20 (see Smith's History of Virginia, p. 52). The Re%'. J, Walker 
Woodville (b. 1799) m. Miss .Mary E. Carmach. Sarah Ann, daughter of Rev. 
John W^oodville, (b. 1802) died single. 


This gentleman was born at Muckamore Abbey near Belfast in Ireland, and 
came to Maryland a Presbyterian minister. I am indebted to Mrs. Murray 
Forbes for documentary proof of this fact in the form of a letter from the Rev. 
Jacob Henderson (Commissary) to the Bishop of London, dated Maryland, 
July 30th, 1739, in which he says:— " The bearer, Mr. Jno. Thompson, has been 
a Preacher in the Presbj-terian way at Newton, on the Eastern Shore of this 
Province; but was, by the distractions of the ministers and people of that per- 
suasion, put upon considering the terms of counnunion in the Church of En- 
gland; and I do verily believe, upon full conviction, has embraced it. He ap: 
pears to be a person of great candor and sincerity. He has been intimate with 
the leading clergymen for some years, and your Lordship will perceive what a 


character they fyive hiin in their testimonials. When I was in the North of 
Ireland, I had a very g:ood character ^iven him from many people of different 
persuasions. He is desirous of Holy Orders, and has a nomination from the 
Rev. Mr. Williamson to be his assistant, and I recommend him for Holy Orders 
as a person not only very deserving, but one that I sincerely believe will be an 
ornament to our Church." 

The Rev. Mr. Thompson, as we have seen, became Minister of St. Mark's 
Parish (1740), and married (1742) the widow of Governor Spotswood, by whom 
he had two children. 

-i 1. Ann ( b. at Germanna 1744, d. 1815) m. Francis Thornton of the Falls. 
Their only son, Francis Thornton, m. Sally, daughter of Col. Innes ; children 

1. Sally Innes m. Murray Forbes of Falmouth ; children, 1. Jno. M. Forbes 
(of the Fauquier bar) m. a daughter of Dr. Semmes. 2. Delia m. Alfred Thorn- 
ton, 3. Frank m. Mercer, daughter of .John Chew, 4. Dr. Wm. Smith Forbes 
m. in Philadelphia, 5. Alfred m. daughter of G. Bastable, 6. Kate m. G. 
Bastable, 7. David, 8. Mrs. Dr. Taylor, and 9. Mrs. Stevens Mason, deceased. 

2. Betsy, daughter of F. Thornton and Ann Thompson m. Dunbar of Fal- 
mouth ;ch. Anna. 8. Polly m. Dr. Vass of Madison County. 4. Fanny m. Dr. 
Horace Buekner of Culpeper, 5. Milly m. Col. Abram Maury of Madison, 6. 
Dolly m. Samuel Washington of Culpeper. 

AVilliam, son of Rev. Jno Thompson m. Sarah, dau. ot Chai-les Carter of 
Cleve by his 2nd wife Miss Byrd; children, 1. Charles Carter Byrd Thompson, 
Captain U. S. N., who m. in England ; no issue. 2. Gillies m. Mary Carter; 
children, Charles, and a daughter reared by Mrs. Judge Brooke. 3. William m. 
first Betsx_§trother of Culpeper, m. second Caroline dau. of John, son of Rev. 
John; children, 1. Ann, 2. Wm. Fitzhugb Thompson, father of Mrs. Carrie 
Thompson Williams, of Henderson, Ky., and of William who m. Delia dau. of 
Frank Thofnpson; ch. Maria. 

- Rev. Jno. Thompson m. second a dau. of Philip Rootes: children, 1. Hon. 
Philip Rootes Thompson of Culpeper. M. C. (1801-1807), m. daughter of Burk- 
ett Davenport, vestryman of St. Mark's; ch. 1. Eliza m. Thornton Fry ; chil- 
dren, General Burkett Fry,C. S. A., Dr. Frank Fry,and Cornelia m. Jno. Lyd- 
dall Bacon, President of State Bank and other institutions, Richmond, Va. 
2. Eleanor m. Wm. Thornton, son of Col.Wm. Thornton of Montpelier; ch. Dr. 
Thornton, m Charlotte Hamilton, Mrs. Andrew Glassell Jr. Mrs. Charles 
Gibbs, and Philip Rootes m. Sarah Hamilton. 3. Burkett Devenport m. Miss 
Bostwick, 4. Philip Rootes, Jr., m. 1. dau. of (^ol. Wm. Thornton, 2. m. Sarah 
dau. of (reorge Hamilton. 

H(m. P. R. Thompson m. second a, dau. of Rol)ert Slaughter of the Grange, 
Culpeper; ch. 1. Dr. John Thompson m. a dau. of Dr. Geo. Thornton, 2. Hon. 
Robert A. Thompson, M. C. of Va., and Judge in California m. first Mary 
Smith, dau. of Captain P. Slaughter of Culpeper; children, Sarah E. m. Dr. 
Huie. 2. Mercer m. Gen. Ord, U. S. A., 3. Reginald H. Thompson C. S. A. law- 
yer, Louisville, Ky., m. Thompson, 4. Robert m. Miss West, 5. Thomas m. 
(name unknown), <!. Frank m. Miss West. Robert and Thomas are editors 
of Sonoma Democrat, Santa Rosa, Caliafornia.and Frank. State Printer. 3. 
Francis, son of Philip R. Thompson, m. Caroline, dau. of Dr. (leorge Thorn- 
ton; ch. Mrs. Jno. James Williams. 4. Benjamin, who m. Elizabeth dau. of 
Gen. Andrew Lewis, 5. Wm. Henry, who m. Elizabeth Huie 

John Thompson, son of Rev. John of Culpeper, born Oct. 2, 17G4, mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Howison, daughter of Dr. Thos. and Bettie Lightfoot How- 
ison, Feb. 15, 1784 and had the following children: 


1. John Jr., l>orn April 5, 1785, married Miss Le Chase of Louisanna: 2. 
Thos. Howison, born Feb. 8, 1787 ni. Miss E. Hudson, of Louisanna; 3. Eliza- 
beth, born April 3, 1788, never married: 4. Fanny, born Nov. 10, 1789, married 
\^ J)aniel French Strother June 1, 1813; 5. Wm. Lightfoot, born May 7, 1791, mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Massie; 6. Camilht, born Feb. 13, 1793, never married; 7. 
Caroline, l)orn Auf>-. 30, 1795, married Wm. F. Thompson, whose first wife was 
Bettie Strother; 8. Malinda, born Oct. 17. 1797, married James B. Huie of Lou- 
isville; 9. Philip Rootes, born June 27, 1799, married Miss Elizabeth Tompkins; 
10. Robt. Coleman, born March 30, ISOI, married Miss Sarali Rijjrglesworth; 11. 
Mildred Ann, born April 17, 1803, never married; 12. Francis Thornton, l)orn 
Nov. 27, , 1805, never married. 

This John, son of Rev. John, moved about 1795 with his family to Jeffer- 
son County, Ky., and was afterwards U. S. Judge in Louisanna. 

Mildred, daughter of Rev. John Thompson, married Capt. George Cray, 
Rev. Officer, who was the son of John and Mary Strother Cray, daughter of 
Jas. Strother and wife Margaret French dau. of lianiel French, issue of Capt. 
Ceo. (Tray, Sr. 

Issue of Capt. Ckorgk Cray, Sr. 

1. Capt. (leo. Cray, U. S. A., married Selenah Cecilia Neal. His widow 
married twice. He died without children. She married second Abraham 
Hite, merchant of Louisville; 2. John Thompson Cray, m. Mary Ormsby, only 
child of Peter Benson Ormsby, and niece of Judge Stephen Ormsby of Louis- 
ville. The Oi-msbys were from Sligo, Ireland. Issue below. 3. Philip Rootes 
Cray, m. Miss Kitty Holloway; 4. Horace Minor Cray, lived to old age. Nev- 
er married; 5. Capt. Jolm Strother Cray, U. S. A., never married; 6. Frer' h 
Strother Cray, m. Sarah Taylor, daughter of Kich'd. and Sarah Taylor; 7. 
Angei-eau Cray married Myra McConnell; 8. Weeden Cray died young, never 
married; 9. Mary (Polly) Cray m. Ambrose Camp; 10. Eliza Cray m. James 
McCrum; 11. Mildred Cray m. James Stewart; 12. Susan (xray m. James Stew- 

Childrkx Of John Thompsox and Mary Ormsby Cray 

1. Elizabeth Cray m. Dr. Norborne Calt, son of Dr. Wm. C. Calt; 2. Ceo. 
E. H. (xray married Lucy Bate; 3. John T. Cray married first Miss Anita An- 
derson, second Virginia Hook, of Baltimore and third Caroline De Butts and 
had child or children by each; 4. Henry Weeden (iray married Miss Russell, 
one child, second Miss Peers; 5. Catherine Ann Mercer Cray m. Ceo. Fetter; 6. 
Ormsby Cray married first Miss Nelson and second Miss Baker, daughter of 
Dr. Baker of Shelby ville, Ky.; 7. Selena Cray married first Ben Lawrence and 
second John (Churchill. No (children. 

[Addenda to last but one i)aragrai)h on page 80, by Major B. S. Thompson, 
of Huntington W. Va.] 

IssiTK OF Philip Rootes Thompsox axd Second Wife, Dai;, of Robert 

Slaughter. ^ '- 

1. John m. Matilda, dan. of Dr. Ceo. Thornton: no issue; 2. Hon. Robt. A. 
m. first Mary S., dau of Capt. Philip Slaughter, second Mrs. Elizabeth Woods; 
3. Helena M. m. John P. T^rnei', of Boston, Mass; 4. Francis m. Caroline H. 
dau. of Dr. Ceo. Thornton; 5. Beniamin S. m. Elizabeth, dau. of Col. Charles 
Lewis, killed at the battle ot Point Pleasant, Oct. 10, 1774, issue; I. Cameron 
Lewis, m. Elizabeth F. \^eathers of Ky.; II. Margaret Lynn m. John I. Hurvey; 
issue: Cameron L., Agnes Lewis, Elizabeth Lynn, John S. and Marie Elinor. 
III. John S.; IV. Wm. Rootes, m. Sallie Helena Huie; 6. Wm. Henry, m.Eliza- 
>)eth Huie, issue I. William m. Anselam Buckhannon, issue I. Thompson, II. 
Mildrid, III. Anselam. IV. Roberta. 


IssiiifoF Hon. Roi^t. A. Thompsoj^ 'AS'ii' FiRSt Wiik Miss SlauGhtkb: 

1. Sarah E. m. Dr. Win. Huie; issue:' Wm. Henr>% Rdbt. Blackburn, Eliza-' 
beth lii. Geo. Flournoy, (ch: rTeo'.'Huie,) Sallie Helena in. Wm. llbbt^s Thomp- 
son, Geo. Hullitt, and Edward Mercer;' 2. Robt. A. Jr. m. Elizabeth West; is- 
sue: Reffinald m. Miss Hyson, Mary Nixon ni. Paul Peady, Virj^inia Carter ni. 
Allendean Whittaker, Elizabeth, and Wllnier; 8. Thoiiias L. in. Marion Satter- 
lee; issue: Mfirfraret ih. Ed. L. Whipple, Franeeft Williams, Huj^h S., Ethel, 
and Grace Evelyn; 4. Juds'e Reginald H., m. Elizabeth H. Thompson, no is- 
sue; 5. Mary Mercer in. Gen. E. (). C. Ord, U. S. A., issue: I. Capt. E. O. C. Ord 
m. MoUie Herton, issue: Edward, Harry, Nellie, Gprische' and Mollie; II. Ro-^^..vt6;" 
berta, m. Gen. Trivino of Monterey Mex., issue: Gerinimo; III. Lucy, m. 
Capt. John Mason U. S. A., issue: Mercer, Annie, Ruth, Mollie m. Mr. Hilcott; 
(ch: John,) Gurische, Lieut. U. S. A., killed in Cuba: 6. Frank P. m. Mary 
West, issue: Mary m. Jno. L. Means, (ch. Mary, Jno. L.); II. Pafje E. m. Dr. 
AVestwood Baker, (ch. Westwood Sally;) III. Helen, Thomas Larkin, Roberta, 
Robert and John. 

Hox. RoB'i'. A. Thompson m. Skcoxd Mrs. Elizabkth Woods; Issuk: 

7. Ruth Harriso.i, m. Wm. Crai^, issue: Earle; Willie, Robert, Olive, Don- 
ald; 8. Helena; !). Roberta. 
Hklkxa M., Dat. of (Hon. P. R. Thompson,) m. John P. Tirnkr; Issiik: 

1. Sarah Elizabeth; 3. Chas. Philip; 3. Matilda; 4. John P. m. Ella Taylor; 
ch. Francis; Helena, Garnet, Fannie, and Jas. McFarland. 
Francis, Sox of(Hon. P. R. Thompson); m. Caroi.inkH. Thornton: Issue: 

1. Fannie, in. John I. Williams; ch: Frank and Harry; 2. Geo. Philip, m.' 
Margaret Mussie; ch: Frank, Mary m. Mr. Smith, Aylette, Mag"f?ie, Caroline; 
3. Delia, in. Wm. N. Thompson; ch: Maria; 4. Mary m. James Lockhart. 

Rev. John Thompson's will was recorded in Culpeper Ifith Nov. 1772. Wit- 
nesses, Benjamin Johnson and T hos. Walk er: executors. Fielding Lewis, Jos. 
Jones, Wni. and Frank Thornton. He devised to his son Win. 1550 acres of 
land in Culpeper and 19 negroes. To his son John, 2000 acres and 15 negroes. 
To Frances Thornton and Ann his wife, 800 acres and "a negro wench Queen." 
'J'o his daughter Mildred, all the money due from estate of Gov. Spotswood. 
To his son Philip Rootes 1979 acres on Summer Duck below Mount Poney and 
12 negroes. To his wife, his mansion, his furniture, his coach, 600 acres of 
land and 18 negroes. To his Sister Ann Neilson, a home and supjjort. To his 
sons William and John, each a lot in Fredericksburg. 

Col. Wm. and Col. John Thornton were brothers of Francis Thornton of 
Falls, who married Ann, daiighter of Rev. John Thompson. They were all 
sons of Francis Thornton the elder, who married Frances Gregory. Col. Wm. 
Thornton, who married Miss Washington, was the father of Dr. Philip Thorn- 
ton, Dr. (tco. Thornton, John, Howard, and Stuart Thornton. Francis the 
elder had also a son George, who was the father of Reuben, who married a 
niece of (xen. Washington, and lived at Greenwood, near Gei-mainia, and was 
the father of Charles Augustine Thornton, now of Enfield, North Carolina. 

[Addenda by Mrs. Mary D. Micoti, Theological Seminary, Va.] 

Dr. Burkett Daveni)ort Thompson, b. 1788 d. 1829, son of Philip Rootes 
Thompson and Anna Daven[)ort, m. Mary Aim Bostwicjk, issue: 

1. Philip Kootes, b. 1812 d. 1857, m. Henrietta Lochett. 2. Anna Davenport, 
m 1831 Wm. (Jhatfield Micou, d. 1804. 3. Susan Jane, m. Rene Brunet. 4. 
Win. Tlun-nton, m. Aglaie Lochett. 

Philip Rootes, son of Burkett D. Thompson, b. 1812, graduated at West 
I'oint about 1884, was rapidly promoted in the army. During the Mexican 
war he was a (Japtain, and was breveted Major for "bravery in the battle of 

Sacramento." Died with the rank of Colonel on board the U. S. Man of War, 
Wabash, 1857. Married Henrietta Loehett of New Orleans. 

Anna Davenport, dau. of Bnrkett 1). Thompson, m. Win. C. Mieou, 1831, 
who become a prominent member of the New Orleans bar, he died in 1854, she, 
in 1864. For issue see Micon o:enealogy. 

Philip Rootes Thompson, 2nd. son of Hon. Philip Rootes Thompson, m. 1st. 
Lucy Thornton, 2nd. Sarah Hamilton dau. of Capt. Geo. Hamilton, of Forest 
Hill, Va., Dec. 1838. 

Issue of Philip Rootes Thompson and Lucy Thornton. 1. William Thorn- 
ton. 2. Philip Rootes. 3. Susaii, m. Ai-chibald Blair of Va., issue: Philip 
and Susan. 4. Lucy Ellen m. Clinton Palmer, of S. C, issue: Edwin, Wm., and 
Eliza. 5. Gr. Howard m. Meta Fitzhugh, of Maryland, issue: Dr. Creo. H. and 

Issue of Philip Rootes Thompson and Sarah Hamilton. 1. Maria Hamilton 
b. 1839, m. Collins Macrae, issue: Collins, Cornelia and Howard Macrae. 2. Eliza 
Rootes b. 1841. m. Randolph Harrison of James River, issue: William Morti- 
mer, Lilias EdAvina, Sarah Hamilton, Thos Randolph, Randolph Hammond, 
and Macpherson. 3. Lilias Ritchie b. 1843, m. Edwin C. Palmer, of South 
Carolina. 4. Ellen Thornton, b. 1845, m. Chas. R. Allen; issue: Ellen Hamil- 
ton, (ieoT'^e Hamilton, b. 1848. 

Lilia.' Edwana Harrison m. Lieut. John J. Knapp, U. S. N. Sarah Hamil- 
ton Harrison m. Lieut. Edward W. Eberle, U. S. N. 


Some think this family of Scotch orityin, and that it had then the prefix of , ' [t 
Mac. Others insist that it is Saxon. Gen. Dick Taylor, son of the President ,',y ; 
whose mother was a Strother, says, as we learn from Judg^e Strother of Giles, 
that he had visited the old burial-ground of the family in the Isle of Thanet, 
County of Kent, England, and seen the name in its various transitions from its 
original form Straathor to its present orthography. HoAvever this may b'e, it 
has long had its present form in England, for Chaucer has a facetious tale of 
two Strothers, the orthography being the same then as now. The earliest 
date to which we have traced the name in Virginia is 1734, when Anthony 
Strother patented a tract of land under the doubletop mountain in what was 
then St. Mark's Parish, and is now Bromfield in Madison. The family abound- 
ed in the county of Stafford. John Madison, clerk of Augusta, father of Bish-» 
op Madison, John Lewis, who so long represented the same county, and Ga- \ 
briel Jones, "the Valley Lawyer," all married Misses Strother of Stafford. 
Jeremiah, who may have been the father or brother of Anthony, died in what 
was then Orange County, (Culpeper not being yet formed) in 1741, leaving his 
property to his wife Eleanor, and appointing his sons, James and William, ex- 
ecHitors. The will was attested by Francis Slaughter, G. Lightfoot and Cat- 
lett. His children were James, Wm.. Francis, Lawrence, Christopher, Robert 
and several daughters. Francis married Miss Dabney and died 1752. He was 
the ancestor of Gen. Gaines, John S. Pendleton, Gen. D. Strother (Porte Cray- 
on), Gen. Dulf Gi-een, and Capt. French Strother of Rappahannock. William 
married Mrs. Pannill and was the grandfather of Gen. Z. Taylor. 

James, the eldest son, married Margaret, daughter of Daniel French of 
King George, whose son Daniel died in 1771. He gave property by deed to Jas. 
Strother's children, who were French, James, and Mary (M rs. Gray). James 
died in 1761 and left property to his son Frencih. French Strother, the vestry- 
man of St. Mark's, married Lucy, daughter of Robert Coleman. He lived 
where Coleman Beckham now lives. He became a vestryman in 1772, and 


clmrclnvjirden in 1780. Pie made himself very popular by releasinj; a Baptist 
miiiistev who had V)een imprisoned by a Justice of the Peace, by substituting 
his man Tom in his place and lettini; him out at nif^lit. That fact is stated on 
the authority of Capt. P. Slaufi:hter, who uiarried his daughter. He represent- 
ed the county for nearly 30 years in the (xeneral Assembly; was a member hi 
1776, and of the Convention of 1788-9, and voted against the Constitution and 
for the famous Resolutions of 1798-99. He was solicited to oppose Mr. Madison 
for Congress (see Rives' Madison), but Monroe became the candidate and was 
badly beaten. Monroe had only 9 votes in Orange, Madison 316; Culpeper, 
Monroe 103, Madison 256. Col. Frank Taylor in his diary says, "Col. Pendle- 
ton of Culpejier came to my houKe from meeting of Sheriffs in Charlottesville, 
and he says Madison has 33(5 majority in the district.'' In the State papers 
published by Dr. Palmer there is a correspondence between him and Jefferson 
in 1776 which would seem to show that he had some local command, perhaps 
City Lieutenant. He died on his way from the Senate in Richmond, at Fred- 
ericksburg, and was buried there. His executors wei-e Capt. P. Slaughter and 
his son Daniel French. His children were Daniel French, who went to Ken- 
tucky and m. Miss Thompson, a descendant of Rev, John Thompson of St. 
Mtirk's; (ieo. French, who represented this district in Congress 1817-20, and 
m()ved to ]\Iissouri where he died. Hon. Geo. F. Strother in. Sally, daughter 
of Gen. James Williams; his son, the late James French Strother, who Avas a 
member of the Legislatvire (Speaker) and of (Jongress, m. Elizabeth, daughter 
of Major John Roberts; childreii, I.French, late Superintendent of the Peni- 
tentiary, m. Miss Cary, of (rloucester county, no ch. 2. Capt. John R., member 
of Assembly many year;^, m. Miss Viola Payne, dau. of Dr, Payne, of Cul- 
peper, and had 1. Jas. Alexander, m. Miss Taylor, of Giles, II. Wm. Henry, III. 
Geo. French, IV. Ellen Payne, m. E. L. Gaines, V. Elizabeth Roberts, VI. John 
Hunt, VII. Philip Johnson, and VIII. Viola Williams. 3. Philip W., Judge 
and Representative of Giles county, m. Nannie Pendleton, of Giles county, 
and had I. James French, m. Miss Bondurant, II. Elvina Chapman, m. Mr. 
Barnes, of Tazewell, 111. Elizabeth Roberts. IV. Albert Pendleton, 
V. Nanny Mary. VI. Sallie Viola, and Vll. Lucy Williams, 
4. James French, Judge of Rappahannock cdunty, m. Miss Mary 
Botts, and had I. Sallie Hunt, m. Clarence J. Miller, II. James French, III.' 
Andrew Botts, IV. Catherine Tiitt, V. Isabel Lewis, VI. Elizabeth Roberts, 
and VII. Eliza Harvie. 5. and (i. William Henry and John Hunt, died during 
the war. 7. William Johnson, m. Letitia Shackelford. 8. Sally Williams, and 
9. Lewis Harvie. 

~- Jeremiah Strother, late of Culpeper, who m. Miss Clayton, and is the 
grandfather of the Rev. J. P. Hansbrough, is of the same family. So also, we 
supiM^se, was Wm. Strother.of Madison, who m. Miss Meilley, and whose dau. 
Louisa married Rev. H. Stringfellow, and is the father of Rev. Horace String- 
felhnv, D. I)., of Montgomery, Ala., (who has also a son, Rev. James Stringfel- 
low, in the ministry,) and 2. of Chas. S. Stringfellow, a leading member of the 
Petersburg bar, 3. of the wife of La Fayette Watkins, also of the Petersburg 
bar. and of otliers. 


Another man of mark to whom (Julpeper gave birth, is the Rev. John A. 
Broadus, D. D., Professor in the Baptist f ■ollege. (xreenville. South Carolina, a 
scholar of rare culture, and a preacher who exempiilies many of the best pre- 
cepts in his excellent work on the art of preaching with power. He is a son 
of Edmund Broadus, wlu) so long represented Culpeper in the General .\ssem- 

bly. Edmund was the son of Thomas, who was the brother of the Revolution- 
ary officers, Ensign James and Major Wui. Broadus, vestryman and lay dele- 
gate, who married Mrs. Jones, the daughter of the first churchwarden of St. 
Mark's, Robert Slaughter. Their daughter Kitty married AVilliam Mills 
Thompson, vestryman of St. Mark's, who was the father of the Hon. Richard 
Wigginton Thompson, the present Secretary of the Navj-. Major William ' 
Broadus married second Miss Richardson and left several children, among 
whom is Miss Sarah A. Broadus of Charlestown, W. Va. Major Broadus was 
Paymaster at Harper's Ferry when he died, about 1880. 

The first Broadus of whom I find any trace in Cul{)eper was Edmund, who 
patented land in what is now Madison County in 17;i(i. The Rev. William F. 
Broadus of Fredericksburg was a son of Thos.; and Jas. M. Broadus of Alex. . 
is a son of Edmund, and brother of Dr. John A. Broadus. William Broadus, "' 
clerk of Culpeper, was the son of Major Wm. Broadus. 


[The Slaughter genealogy, as it was in the first edition of St. Mark's, lias 
been revised (the work being done in April 1900) by members of the family 
who .were in a position to know. Besides this, there is additional addenda to 
this genealogy, covering other branches and lines.] 

It is not worth while to trace this family to the stock from whence they 
sprang in England. We limit our notice to two brothers, who were transplant- 
ed in this Parish early in the eighteenth century, and who by the light of later .- 
research, have been found to be the sons of Robt. Slaughter and Frances Anne 
Jones, his wife. 

Robert AXD Francis Slaughter (the two sons) were the first church 
wardens of St. Mark's Parish, chosen Ijy the first vestry in 1731. 

Robert Slaughter (Robt.) m. Mary Smith, dau of Augustine Smith, in 
1723, and had: . . . 

1. Robert, m. Susannah Harrison in 1750; 2. Wm., m. Miss Zimmerman, 
moved to Jefferson county, Ky.; 3. ^Thomas, m. Miss Thornton, dau. of Fran- 
cis Thornton; 4. Francis, m. Miss Luggett; 5. James, m. Susan, dau. of Major 
Philip Clayton; 6. J^awrence, m. Field, dau. of Col. John Field; 7. George, m. 
Miss Field, dau. ofT^ol. Jno. Field; 8. Elizabeth Lightfoot; and 9. Martha 
Jones,>v4K) m. Ist. Capt. Gabriel Jones, 2nd. Major William Broaddus. 

FRANCts^SLAUGHTER (Robt.) m. Anne Lightfoot, in 1729, and had: 

1. Francis, m. dau. of Robei't Coleman; 2. John m. Milly Coleman; 3. Reu- 
ben, m. 4. Cadwallader, m. 5. Frances, m. Capt. Wm. Ball; G. dau. m. Edward 
Thomas, and had son, Edward Slaughter Thomas, member of Ky. House of 
Representfltives in 1793, and m. Susannah Beall, and had several children, one ^ ^ 
of them Lucinda, m. Dr. Wm. Elliott, of New Haven, Ky. ^ 

Francis Si-aughter (Francis, Robt.) m. dau. of Robt. Coleman, on whose ■"- 
land Culpeper Court House was founded; had Francis, m. Miss Hollaway, and 
had Henry, (M. D.) who moved to the South. This same Francis (the second) 
moved to Ky., and settled in Hardin county about 1785, as did all of his chil- 
dren, except Francis, who m. Miss Hollaway. , 

Rei;ben Slaughter (Francis, Robert.) m. and had 1. Goodrich; 2. Jos- 
eph; 3. William; 4. Robert. They moved to Bedford county, Virginia, where 
Jos. m. and has descendants, who are Harrises. 

Cadwallader Slaughter (Francis, Robt.) m. 1st. Miss Ramsdell, of Fau- 
quier, and had, 1. Margaret, m. Chas. Morehead; 2. Matilda, n\. Jno. Churchill; 
3. Francis Ramsdell, m. Fanny I>atham; 4. Presley, m. Martha Slaughter; and 
5. Edward. 



Francis HamspklIv Slaughter (Cadwallador, Francis, Robt.) m. Fanny 
Latham, had 1. Eli/.'il)?tli, died sin'jrle; 2. Cadwallader, ni. Francis Ann Vance, 
liad one (hiu. Elizabeth, who ni. Squire Bassett, of Lexin^on, Ky; 8. Philij), m. 
Mary Ann Smith; 4. Henry, died sinj^le; o. Matihla, m. Joseph Lonjjest. 

EhiZAiiKTH Slaughter (Cadwallader, Francis, Ramsdell, Cadwallader, 
Francis, Robert) m. Squire Bassett, and had two daughters, Avho m. Messrs. 
Scott and Threlkeld. 

John Slahghtkr! Frances, Robt.) ni. Milly Coleman, dau. of Robt. Cole- 
man, and had, 1. Robert, m. sister of Gov. Slaughter, of Ky., and had two sons 
Chas. and Edward, and several daughters. 2. Cadwallader, m. 1st.. Miss 
Yancey, 2nd. Miss Hampton, and had Rich., Jno. H., Robt., Edward, Cadwall- 
ader, and several daughters. 8. and 4. Francis and Thos. K., both went to Ky. 
5; John S. m. dau. of (^apt. William Brown, and had thirteen childi-en, who 
were : 

1. Col. John Slaughter, of Culpeper, ni. dau. Maj. <Tabriel Long, and had 
four daughters, Mrs. C. C. Conner, Mrs. (Tabriel Long, Mrs. George Slaughter, 
and Emily, died single. 

2. Williajii, m. Miss Ficklen, and had I. Franklin, m. Miss Gill, having Law- 
rence, Frank, Etta, and Harriet, who m. Mr. Tackett, vestrjanan of St. George's 
Church, Fredericksl)urg. 11. Montgomery, n\. Eliza Lane Slaughter, having. 
Wni., Philip, Mary Montgomery, Fanny, Charles, and Bessie. III. J. Warren, 
m. Sallie Braxton.. IV. Elizabeth, m. R. (xarnett. V. Sallie, m. Jno. F. Fick- 
len, havinjjr Kate andHarry. VI. Jennie, m. Dr. Kerfoot. VII. Matilda. VIII: 

;5. Sanitu'l. hi. Allen. 
■-- 4. I'hiiip, in. 1st. EJiza, dau. of Wm. Lane, and had Eliza; m. 2nd. ^Irs. 
Fletcher; iii.;i/(l. Mrs. Robinson. 

5. Reuben, m. Emily, dau. of R. Long, of Baltimore, having I. Albert, m. 
1st. iMary Edmonia Rogers, had 1. Wm. Pendleton, m. Mollie Rea Duncan, 2. 
-Frank;, Albert m. 2nd. Louise ('ary Funston, having 1. Emily Virginia, 2. Sue 
Meade, '.i. Jas. Albert, 4. p]\^elyn, 5. Homozelle, G. Eleanor, T. Louise Nelson. 

II, Frank L., m. Susan Fitzhugh Motley, of Caroline, having 1. Albert J udson, 
ni. Virginia Jackson Daniel, 2. Gibbon Minnigerode, 3. Frank Uaymond, 4. Per- 
si^ Read. III. Anne TrJi>pe, m. Dr. Boulware, of Caroline, having McCalla, 
who HL Ada Jackson Miller, and had t. Jackson Darius, 2 Gideon Brown, H 
ElizaTreth T,ril>pe. IV. Maria, m. Rev. Mr. Buckner, of Caroline. 

G. Thomas Jefferson, m. dau. of Capt. R. Moore, having I. Reuben, m. Miss 
Tin-ner, and had 1. Lou Turner, 2. Thomas Jefferson, :5. Milton, m. Miss Wright, 
4. Marcellus, i) Anne W., (5. Herbert, 7. Anna C. 11. Susan, ul Col. (Joon-!. 

III. Anne, m. Lieut. Winfield, killed at Spottsylvania C. H., in 18()4. 

7. Albert Gallatin. (Jommander in the U. S. Navy, m. Miss Emily Randall, 
of Baltimore, having 1. Josephine. II. Emily G., m. Judge Stuart, a lawyer 
of distinction of Baltimore, having 1. Wm. m. Miss Carter, of Fauquier, 2. Em- 
ily, m. Lieut. Macklin, U. S. Navy, ;3. Kate, m. Mr. Drake, 4. Lewis. 

a. James Madison, m. Miss Long, of Baltimore, and had L Mary, m. Rev. 
J. G. Miiniigerode. 

!). Mary, m. John S. Long, of Ky. 

10. Elizabeth, m. Mr. Downer, and with eleven children lived in Ky. 

11. Lucy, m. 1st. Gabriel Long: 2nd. Thos. S. Long, both sons of Maj. (Ta- 
briel Long, of Culpeper. 

12. Nancey, m. Reese Jury, and had 1. John S., m. Miss Wolfe. II. Lewis 
(J., ni. Mi.Hs Holt, and lived in New Orleans. III. Mary, ni. Edward R. Gaines, 
having Dr. J. M. Gaines, of Hagerstown, Md., Jame.-J, surgeon in the U. S. N.. 
Archibald, ul Freeman, Lucy, m. ('rawford, Bettie and Susan. IX. a dau. m. 

John Lon^, Ky. V. Catherine, m. J. M. Lewis. VI. Bettie m. Rjev. Mr. Huff. 
VII. Susan. VIII. Margaret. IX. Francis. 

13. Susan, n;. Roberts Menefee, and moved to Missouri. 

William Slaughter (Robt. Robt. )m. Miss Zimmerman, moved to Jeffer- 
son County, Ky., had : 

1. Thomas, 2. William, im. Miss Brisco, ?>. John, 4. Gabriel, 5. Smith, m. 
Miss Crane, of Jefferson County, Ky., and represented tliat county for many 
^^ Thomas Slaughtkr (Robt., Robt.) m. Miss Robinson, and had: 

1. Robert, of the Granfi,e. m. Miss Stanton, having I. Thomas. II. Henry. 
III. Stanton (High Sheriff), m. Miss Pickett. IV. Authur. V. Augustine. VI. 
Wm. Stanton. VII Martin, of (Julpeper bar, m. Miss Boiling of Petersburg. 

S.Augustine, surgeon in the Revolution. 

AxNA Slaughter (Stanton, Robt., Thomas, Robt., Rol)t.), m. Rittenhouse 
Stringfellow, and I. Robert Stanton, m. Miss Green, having Anna and Mary. 

II. Martin, m. Miss Willis. III. Rev. Frank Stringfellow, (xen. Lee's famous 
scout, and now Chaplain of the Woodbury Forest High School, m. Emma F. 
Greene, of Alexandria, having 1. Ida, m. Wm. Alex. Bar. rector of Monumental 
Church, Richmond, Va., had Jas. R., B. Barr, Janetta E. and Frank String- 
fellow. 3. Stuart, died single. 3. Alice Lee, m. Robert W. Shultice, of Nor- 
folk, Va. 4. Martin Slaughter, m. Lelia Palmer, of Kilmarnock, Va. 5. 
Frank. G. John Stanton. 

Sarah Slaughter (Robert, Thos., Robert, Robt.) m. Geo. Hamilton, of 
Spottsylvania, and had 1. Dr. Hugh Hamilton, m. Miss Scott, 3. Sarah, m. 
Roots Thompson, 3. Charlotte, m. Dr. Thornton, and had Susan, and Robert, 
m. dau. of Judge Brooke. 4. Maria, m. Mr. Page, .5. Mai'garet, m. Geo. Thorn- 
ton, of Ky., 6. Matilda, 7. Jane, m. Jno. L. Marye. 

^ Col. James SL.vuGHTER(Robt. Robt.), who commanded a Regiment at 
the battle of Great Bridge, m. Susan Clayton, and had : 

I. Capt. Philip, b. 1758, d. 1840, m. 1st. Peggy French Strother, 3nd. Eliza- 
beth Towles, and had : 

1. Lucy Coleuian, m. Isaac H. Williams(see Williams genealogy). 

3. Susan, m. Mr. McConchie. 

3. Polly m. Ur. Frank Conway, having I. Susan, m. Dr. Shepherd. II. Mar- 
garet, m. Philip Clayton,. III. Dr. Philip Clayton, m. Bettie Yerby. IV. Dr. 

4. Eliza French, m. Col. John B. Dade, of King George County, and had 
Capt. Townsend, Philip, and Margaret, m. Edward Smith, of Washington, 
D. C, having Edward, Tliownsend, Jno. Battaile, Philip and Ofelia Ann, 
who m. Jas. F. Hansbrough, and had Benjamin F., Lucien, Annie, Eliza French' 
Peai'l, and Rosalie Fitzhugh. 

5. Sally, m. Judge Philip Slaughter, of Ky. 

6. Daniel French, m. 1st. Letitia Madison, (see Madison genealogy), and had 
1. James Edwin. II. Philip Madison, m. Clementine Luzenberg of New Or- 
leans, having Edward Luzenberg, m. Lucy Williams, and Mary Clement, m. 
Hugh Hamilton Jr., who had Cornelia Long and p:dwin Slaughter. Daniel 
French, m. 2nd. Mary W. Winston, and had I. Mary Wallace. II. Eliza French. 

III. Caroline. IV. John M. V. Daniel Alexander, who m. Katharine Somer- 
ville, having Daniel French. 

7. Thos. Towles, M. I)., m. 1st. Jane, dau. of Reynolds Chapman, of Orange* 
and had I. Thos. Larkin. II. Reynolds Chapman, m. Louise Lake. III. Col. 
Philip Peyton, C. S. A., m. Emma Thompson, having Elizabeth Pendletoji, 
who m. Lucien Smith, and had Katherine Mercer. IV. Dr. Alfred Edwin. C. 


S. A., 111. Jennie Taylor, aiul had 1. Roljcrt ('arroll, 2. Jane Cliapman, ni. Judf?e 
Moore, of Nelson county, and had Downer, :}. Sadie Patton, 4. Alfred Edwin. 
V. James Shepherd, Lieut. C. S. A. VI. Col. Mercer Slaughter, C. S. A., ge- 
nealoprist and literateur, m. Marj' Bull, and had Mary and Vivian. VII. Rich- 
ard, Lieut. C. S. N. Thos. Towles Slauijhter, M. D. m. 2nd. Julia Bradford, 
and had Jane Chapman, and Robert Madison, M. I)., who m. Fanny Innis,""" 
havina: Virf?ini:i Leuioine, Julia Bradford, Nanny Strieker, and Robt. Innis. 

8. Rev. Philip, I). D., m. Anna Sophia Semmes, and liad Mary P^lizabeth, 
and Sophia Mercer, ni. Thos. Towles Slauj^liter. 

9. Mary. ui. Robt. A. Thompson, M. C. of Vir^'iniaand Judg^ein California, 
fjrandson of the Rev. John Thompson, and had I. Sarah E., m. Dr. Huie, hav- 
ing; Robt., Sadie, m. Roots Thompson, and others. II. Robert A., editor of So- 
noma Democrat, and collector of customs at San Francisco, m. Elizabeth 
West, havin<>: Mary Nixon, m., Jennie, m. Mr. Whitaker, of Philadelphia, An- 
drew Glasell, Elizabeth and Wilmer. III. Thos. Larkin, M. C. fi-om Califor- 
nia, and minister to Brazil under Cleveland, m. Marion Satterlee, having Mary, 
m. Mr. Whii)ple. Francis, Huph S., Edith, and Grace. IV. Reginald Heber, 
Judgre of the City Court of Louisville for u'any years, in. Elizabeth Howison 
Thompson, dau. of Col. Li<?htfoot Thompson. He died, full of honors, April 
2, 189), having won for himself the title of "The Sir (Talahad of the Louisville 
Bar." V. Fi-ank Poulson, Superintendent of Prison Reform in Central Ameri- 
ca, where he died of yellow fever in 1898, m. M.iry AVest, and had Mary, m. 3Ir. 
Mears, Page. m. Lieut. Cunningham, U. S. A., Helena, Thomas, John, Rober- 
ta, and Augusta. VI Mary Mercer, m. Gen. Ord, U. S. A., and hadl. Lucy, m. 
Lieut. Mason, V. S. A., having three daughters, of whom Mercer is the eldest. 
2. Mary Mercer, 3. Robtri'ta, 4. James, 5. Lieut. Garusha, killed in the charge at 
San Juan in 1898, and 0. Edward. 

10. Anne Mercer, m. 1st. Edward Robertson, having Cornelia, who m. Dr. 
R. K. Long, and had Mary Mercer, m. Dr. Henry Somerville, having John Wil- 
son, Cornelia Long, Jennie, and Harry Tunstall. Anne Mercer, m, 2nd. Philip 
Slaughter, of Rappihannock, and had I. Dr. Jolin Philip, in. Kate Foster, hav- 
ing Mary Mercer, Thos. Foster, C. E., ('ornelia Long. Sophie Clayton, m. Ma- 
rion Speiden, James William, and Delia Towles. II. Thos. Towles, m. S. Mi 
Slaughter. III. Bessie, m. Dr. F. S. Hall. IV. Edward Mercer, killed at the 
battle of Newtown, aged seventeen. 

11. Samuel, m. 1st. Miss Banks, and had 1. E:uily. m. S. K. Bradford, hav- 
( ing 1. S. S. Bradford, who m. 1st. Miss Walden, and liad Emily, m. Miller, and 
' Flora, 111. Tra vers Daniel, having Alice, Minnie and Travel's. S. S. Bradford, 
V m. 2nd. Fanny Battaile. and had Slaughter and Caroline Grandine; 3. Louissi.* 

^n. Gen. Wright, having Edward, Rosa, m. Mr. Smith, and had I. Lt. Wright 
Smith, U. S. A. II. Mollie, m. Mr. Wooten, and had Dr. Herbert, Harry, and 
Isabel, m. Dr. Richardson; 3. Robert Bruce,-4r Rose. m. Prof. ISairne, of Col- 
umbia College. N. Y., 5. Maria Champe, m. Mr. Van Schaik, and 6. Dr. Alfred. 
II. Col. Wm B., m. dan. of Judge Slaughter, and had Mary. III. Col. Henry 
Slaughter, m. Mary Tony, having Burgess. IV. Maria, in. Prof. Bailey, of West 
Point, and had I.,<>ving, VVhittaker, and Samuel S. V. Louisa, m. Gen. Mer- 
rill, U. S. A., and had Wm. Emory, S. S., and Anne Loving. VI. Dr. Philip Clay- 
ton, m. Mary McDowell, and had Ella, John. Clayton, Wood, and Clarence. 
VII. Isabella, m. ('ol. Burbank, U. S. A., and had Sally, Fanny, and a son. 
A'lII. Lavinia, m. Mr. Jack, of Ky., and had Matilda, Frances, Rebecca, and 
others. Samuel (2nd. son of Col. James) m. 2nd. Virginia Stanard (see Carter 
genealogy) and had 1. Columbia, m. William Green, L. L. D., of Richmond, 
having John, killed ' ' "tie, and Bettie. who m. .7as. H. Hayes, having John. 

Columbia, m. W. J. Walker; Somerville, m. Ewiuf? Eacliins; Henrietta; Bettie; 
Viruriuia, m. Mr. MeDonouj^h; Lucy; and William. 3. Virginia, m. Dr. Daniel 
S. Green, havins: Dr. William, Samuel S., and Mary, m. Rieliard Morton. 3. 
Sally Champe, m. Rev. William F. Lockwood, of Md., liavinv? Dr. William, 
Bessie, Mary, and another son 4. Marcia, m. Maj. John B. Stanard (see Carter 
genealogy). III. TliDmas Smith, Jackson elector in Ky., b. 1778, d. 1838, m. 
Lucy Bibb, and had 1. John m. and left three sons and two daughters. 2. Thos. 
Jefferson, banker in New York, m. Mary Henry, relative of Patrick Henry, and 
had Henry, m. Mis.'? Wainwright, having? Grertrude. and Mayhew, Julian, Clay- 
ton, Crabriel, Lucy, m. Dr. , Mattie, m. , and Mary, 

m. Mr. Emmons, of (Chicago. 

IV. Robert, m.Margirat P,3idlet3:i, an i hi I l.JohriP.mdleton, who died in 
Culpeper; 2. Philip, 3. Geo. Clayton; 4. James, m. Miss Fergerson, of Culi)eper, 
liaving James Burr, of Louisville, Ky., who m. 1st. dau. of Judge Carpenter, 
of Bardstown, 2nd. dau. of Rev. Frank Thornton. 

V. George ra. and died in Culpeper. 

VI. Ann? m. Rsuben Fry, (see Fry genealogy.) 

VII. Sally m. McLaughlin. 

VIII. m. Judge Speed. 

IX. Mary m. Bell. 

Lawrkxck Slaughtkr (Robt., Robt.) killed in battle at Point Pleasant, ) 
m. a dau. of Col. John Field. 

Geor&e Slaitohtkr ( Robt., a dau. of Col. John Field. He 
raised one of the first companies of "Minute Men" of Culpeper, and after the 
Revolution, went to Kentucky, with G?orge Rodgers Clark, and commanded a 
fort at the falls of the Ohio, and was one of the founders and first trustees of 
the City of Louisville. Died in Columbus in 1815, leaving no issue. 

JoHX Slaughter (Chas., Robt., Robt., Robt.) m. Miss Armistead, and had 
Chas., Sai'ah, and Pauline. Chas. m. Miss Coleman and moved to Tennessee. 

Dr. Robert Slauuhter (Chas., Robt., Robt., Robt.) m. a dau. of Rice 
Garland, and had 1. Chas., lawyer of Lynchburg, and member of State con- 
vention, Avho m. Kate Garland, having Lillian, Mary, Chas. A., and Kate; 2. 
Dr. Samuel, m. Miss Henderson; 3. John F., lawyer, m. Miss Harker, havmg 
Chas., John F., Robt., Samuel, Edith, and Susan. 4. Austina, m. R. AV. Brod- 
nax, having ]\[ary and Celeste. 

GABRiKii^SijAua^TERiRobt., Robt., Robt.) m. Isc. Miss Slaughter, 3nd. 
Miss Hoard7of Caroline, and had John. He was the Governor Gabriel Slaugh- 
ter of Kentuclcy, and the officer who was so highly recommended by General 
Jackson for his gallantry in tlie battle at New Orleans. 

Jf;.s.see Slauuiu'ER (Robt., Robt., Robert.) m. Miss Slaughter. 

All TinrrXK SlaUot.i rK.'i (R:)l)t., Ribt.. Rjbt.) m. Fisher, and lived near 
Hari'odsburg, Ky. 

William, brother of John S., m. Lucy Brown; children, 1. William, m. Fan- 
ny Brown, and their son Alfred is Principal of Prairie Home Institute, Mo., 
and their son Capt. Daniel Slaughter, C. S. A., m. Miss Berry, and lives in 
Madison; 2. Catherine, daughter of William, m. William Armstrong: children, 
John, William, Ringgold, Lucien, and Edward, and a daughter Mary Ann; 3. 
John, son of William, m. Miss Harper, and moved toZanesville, Ohio, Reuben, 
Avent to Tenne^^ee, G.ibriel to Missouri, George m. 1st. Miss Adams, m. 2nd. 
Miss SlaughtLir, Ejizabsth (Mrs. Yates^ Ellen, daughter of William, m. Benja- 
min Ficklin: children Slaughter W., m. Caroline Wilkins of Baltimore, Benja- 
min F., had an adventurous life, and died in Georgetown, D.C.,Lucy Ann (Mrs. 
BrQckmaii), Elizabetli (Mr.H. Dankuui); Ellen (Mrs. Di-. Brown), Susan (Mrs. Dr. 

j H-L d flu P I /""' ' 


'm!/Ii'^- Ot 



Hardesty), Lnoy, danj^hter of William, ni. W. W. Covington: children, John, 
Warren and William, I). C. The last was captain C. S. A. Nancy, daughter 
of William, m. G. W. Thomas, and their daughter, m. Fenton Henderson of 
Leesburg and left several children. 

Of the Slaughter family of Culpeper there were seven ofTicers of the Revo- 
lution. Col. James and Col. John were members of the Committee of Safety 
of Culpeper. Robert, Francis, Col. Robei't, Col. James, Thomas, Robert Jr., 
Lawrence, Cadwallader, Samuel, William B., and Philip, Jr., were vestrymen 
of St. Mark's Parish. 

Dr. R. Coleman Slaughter, of Evansville, Indiana, and Thomas C. Slaugh- 
ter of Corydon are descendants of the 1st. Francis. Some members of the fam- 
ily may be interested in knowing that its chief seats in England were Lincoln- 
shire, Gloucester, and Worcester, and that the first of the name who took up 
lands in Virginia were John 1(520, Richai'd 1053- '55, '79, '89, '95, 1710; Greorge 
1710, '19, '82. Robert first churchwarden St. Mark's 17;$2-35. 


[Note : from John Slaughter Carpenter, of Louisville, Ky., we have the 
following. The figures following the name denote the generation.] 

(Robt.l Robt.3 Col. James.3) 

Robert SLAUGHTERi married Margaret (Peggy) Pendleton about 178:^; 
left Culpeper about 1787 for Nelson county Ky. He was born in 1762 and died 
in 1803 of an accident agsd 41 ye;ir.^, leiving tlu'ee sons and four daugliters. 
His widow m. 2nd. John Lightfoot, and had one son, Pendleton Lightfoot, who 
m. Cai'oline Crow, daughter of Judge Warner Crow, of Davies county Ky., and 
had two sons, Joshua Pendleton Lightfoot, and Warner Crow Lightfoot. John 
Lightfoot lived only about a year. After his death, his widow m. Rev. Joshua 
Morris, a prominent B iptist minister who had been pastor of the first Bai^tist 
(Uiurch organized in Richmond, V^a. Thej^ had no children. Hou. Robert 
Slaughter represented Nelson county in Kentuckj'^ House of Represent at iv^es 
in 1798. His colleague was Hon. Ninean Edwards, who was the first G-overnor 
of niinois, and re-elected by the paople of Illinois and afterward U. S. Senator 
from that State. 

Children of Robert and Margaret B. Slaughter, (nee) Pendleton. 

I. James Pendleton Slaughter,') m. 1st. in Jeflferson county, Ky., Sept. 80, 
1805, Mary, dau. of Samuel Fergerson, formerly of Culpeper county m. 2nd. 
Mrs. Fenwick, of Illinois. 

II. Susan Clayton Slaughter,-' m. Capt. Matthew Duncan, U. S. A. 

III. Ann Pendleton Slaughter,'') m. John Dal:>ney Strother in 1811; farmer 
of Nelson county Ky. 

IV. Margaret Bowie Slaughter,'"' m Hon. Samuel Carpenter, of Bardstown, 
Ky. 1815. 

V. Philip Clayton Slaughter, •"> m. Miss Betsy Payne, of Logan county, Ky. 
in 1818. 

VI. John Pendleton Slaughter,') never m. Died in Culpeper countj' in 1823, 
at the home of his uncle Samuel Slaughter. 

VII. Catherine Slaughter,;") never m; died young. 
. (Robt.,1 Robt.,2 Col. James,:? Robt.+ ) 

Children of James Pendleton Slaughter,") and Miss Mary (nee) Fergerson. 

I. Robert Pendleton Slaughter,*' m. Eveline Fenwick, and had several chil- 

II. James Burr Slaughter," m. 1st. in 1837, Margaret Ann ('ari)enter, <lau. 
of Judge Samuel Carjjenter, of Bardstown, Ky., children James B. Jr., Mar- 

. garet ('ambridge, Mary, and Fanny Rawson Shiughter. Fannie ju. Wm. Bol- 

ling Carter, formerly of Virginia, and they have three children: J. Slaughter, 
Fannie Boiling, and Margaret Virginia Carter. Mr. Slaughter m. 2nd. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Gfrant, dau of Rev. Francis Thornton, and had two children. Miss 
Bessie B. Slaughter, Thornton Grant Slaughter, who m. Edith, dau. of Wiu. S. 
Parker, of Louisville, Ky. 

III. Frank Slaughter,^ m. Eulila Fenwick, and had several children. 

IV. Greorge Clayton Slaughter,^ m. Miss Julia Redding, of Shelbyville, Ky. , y 
and had three children. 

1. James Edward,' m. 1st Miss Frazier, of Shelbyville, and had one son, 
John E. Slaughter,8 m. 2nd. Miss Florence Baker, of Louisville, and had one 
diughter. Elchen Slaughter.'"* 

2. George Clayton Jr.,' m. Miss Jennie Cooper, of Nasliville. and had two 
daughters, Belle, » and Mary Slaughter.*^ 

8. Ella Slaughter," lu. Orlando V. Wilson, formerly of Louisville, now of 
Kansas City, Mo., and has two children, Orlau do Victor Wilson, and Julia 
(Robt.,1 Robt.,2 Col. James,:5 Robt+.) 
Axx Pbxdletoa' SLA.UGHTKR,ii m. jQlin Dabney Strother, and had : 

I. Elizabeth Strother,^ m. in 1834:, Enoch H. Hinton. moved to Missouri. 

II. M iry Stroth9r,n m. in 18^3, Henry Glasscock, moved to Missouri. 

111. Margaret A. Strother,*) m. Wm. H. Slaughter, of Hodgenville, Ky., son 
of Robert Coleman Slaughter, of Hardin cjanty Ky., and his wife Nancy, dau. 
of Thos. Haynes, children : 

1. Anna Slaughter, who m. Dr. Robert M. Fairleigh, of Hopkinsville, Ky., 
and had John, Fannie, who m. Mr. Ware, Madge, Letitia, and Robert Fair- 

2. Mary F. Slaughter m. Luke Kennedy, of Elizabethtown, Ky; had Lena 
m. Jos. Covington, of Bowling Green, Ky., Margaret, who m. Wallace McKay 
of Louisville, and Anna. 

H Elizabeth Slaughter. 

4.Wm. H. Slaughter, Jr., farmer near Hodgensville, Ky. 

5. Geo. M. Slaughter, m. and had Nellie, Willie, Margaret and Sarah 

Bess Slaughter. 

6. Emma Slaughter, m. Dr. Garrett E. Smock, of Hodgensville, Ky., and 
had Maggie, and Fannie Smock. 

s IV. Dr. Robt S. StrotherS m. Miss Whitney, dau. of Mrs. Gen. Edmond 
Pendleton Gaines by first marriage. 

V. Sai-ah Strother^ m. Frank Bealmear of Nelson Co., Ky. 

VI. Maria Strother" m. Wm. Howard of Lee's Summit, Mo., formerly of 
Jefferson Co. Ky. Issue: Anna Howard who m. Mr. Lee, and had one son 


VII. Dr. Wm. D. Strother" m. Miss Julia Sanders, dau. of Jos. Sanders of 
Bullitt Co. Ky. Issue: 

1. Mary Elizabeth Strother m. Joseph Field, of Lee's Summit, Mo. 

2. Dr Jos. Sanders m. Miss Cowherd, Belton, Mo. 

3. Hon John D. Strother, Lee's Summit Mo. Atty. Represented Jackson Co. 
in Mo. House of Represenatives. 

4. Geo. Beauregard Strother, Atty. Belton Mo. 
."). Howard Strother, Atty. Belton Mo. 

6. Benj. F. Strother, Ins. Agt.. Kansas City. 

7. Sam'l C. Strother, Atty. Kansas Citj\ 

8. Juliet Strother, Lee's Summit, Mo. 

Vlll. Emily Strother," m. ("has. J. Cowherd, Kansas City, Mo. Issue: 


1. Hon. Will. S. Cowherd, Mayor of Kansas City/ now M. C; m. 1889 in Lead- 
ville. Col., Miss Jessie Kitchen. 7 

2. Miss Sallie Cowherd. / 

3. Miss Fannie Cowlierd, m. 1889, E. H. Graves, of Lee's Suniniit, Mo. 

IX. Catherine Strotlier,<> never married. / 

X. Dr. John D. Strother,'" m. Esther Elliot, of Bifj: Spring?, Ky., Ch.; Dr. 
Win. Strother, of Bij? Sprinj?, Hardin county, Ky., and Zehnar Strother. 

, XI. Benj. Strother, of Kansas City, Mo., m. Miss Macauley, of Washinj^ton 

City, Ch.; Benjamin, Clement, John D., and William. 
(Roht.,1 Rol)t.,2 Col. James,-{ Kol)t.4) 

Margarkt Bowik SLAiraHTER,'> m. Samuel Carpenter, of Bardstown, 
Ky., Att'y at Law, State Senator, Circuit Judjje; children: 

I. Mar^^aret Ann Carj^enter,'' m. James Burr Strother, a resident of Louis- 
ville, for over (55 years. He died in January, 1895, in his 80th year. Prior to 
the civil war, Mr. Slaughter was a hardware mtjrchant. At the time of his 
death he was tlie oldest member of the Board of Fire Underwriters, and of the 
First Christian Church of Louisville; children : James B. Jr., ]\[arf?aret, 
who m. Mr. Cauibridge, Mary and Fannie Rawson Slauiyhter, Fannie m. Wm. 
Bollinj? (barter, and has tliree children, James Slaughter Carter, Fannie Boiling 
and Margaret Virginia Carter. 

II. Rebecca Delph Carpenter," m. John A. Y. 'Humphreys, teacher and far- 
mer, of Nelson county, formerly of Spottslyvania county, Va., children : 

1. Margaret Mildred Humphreys.';' 

2. John S. Hun)phreys," farmer. 

8. Dr. Wm. T. Humphreys,^ m. xVnnie B. (xraham, and had one child, who 
died young. 

4. Rev. Samuel C. Humphreys," m. Mattie Thurman. Issue : Robert H. 
Humphreys,*^ m. Maggie Boner; John S. Humplireys,« A B. and A. M.. of Har- 
vard, m. Sue Hite Maxey, and has one son, Samuel Maxey; Emily Humphreys,*^ 
and Brewer Humphreys.** 

5. Thos. J. Humphreys," m. Kate Summers, of Bullitt county, and has two 
children : Rebecca (Reba) Carpenter Humphreys,** who m. Robert Walter Ow- 
ens, and Lucy (Catherine Humphreys.** 

Hi. ('atherine Carpenter,'' m. Luther Howard, Jefferson county, Issue: 

1. Margaret (Rettie) Howard, m. Henry V. Sanders, Treasurer of Colum- 
bia Finance and Trust Company, Louisville. They have four children : Anna 
Blake Sanders, m. Alexander Thompson; Howard C. Sanders, m. K:ite Berry - 
man; John W. Sanders; and Ellen H. Sanders. 

2. Ellen Howard, m. David Hardin, of INelsou county, Ky., and had one 
son, Rowan Hardin, a young lawyer ot Louisville, who m. Anne Allen. 

IV. John Slaughter Carpenter," represented Li>uisville, in the Common 
Council, Board of School Trustees and the Kentucky House Representatives, 
m. November 21, 1850, Ellen Blake Cosby, dau. Fortunatus Cosby, editor, edu- 
cator and poet, and grandaughter of Judge Fortunatus Cosby, one of the larg- 
est land owners of Louisville in early times, and great grandaughter of Capt. 
Aaron Fontaine, son of Rev. Peter Fontaine, Rec^tor of Wcstover Parish, Va. 
over forty years. Issue : 

1. Ellen Blake Carpenter. 

2. Mary Carpente?-. 

3. Alice G. Carpenter, m. Wm. Henry Slaughter, son of D. Strother Sla ugh- ' 
ter and grandson of Judge Jas. Slaughter, of Nelson cjuuty, Ky., formerly of 
Culjjejjer county, V'a. 

4. Anna Sanders (Jarpenter, 


5. John S. Carpenter, Jr., Paymaster U. S. Navy, m. (Jharlotte Clarke, 
dau. of Edward Clarke, Architect of the Capitol at Washinfi;ton City for the 
past fort j^ years. They have one child, Evelyn Fessenden Carpenter. 

6. Samuel Carpenter. 

T.Frank Cosby Carpenter, (Fire Insurance Apjent), m. Anna Pope Smith, 
dau. of Thos. Floyd Smith, U. S. A., and wife Blanche, dau. of Geo. W. Weis- 
singer, of Louisville; Ch: Floyd Smith Carpenter, and Eleanor Blake Carpen- 

V. Lueinda Carjienterfi m. 1 L. L Able, ch: 1 Sallie m. first Ed Harris, and 
had one dauij^hter, Lucie who m.Chas. D. Pennebaker, Jr., of Wasliington City 
and had six children. Sallie m. 2nd. Ludwell McKay. 

3. Marfjcai'et C. Al)le m. James E. Callahan, of Louisville, and has five 
children: Mattie E., who m. Dr. Frank D. Boyd, of Texas, and has one son, 
Frank Douglas; Lulie Maj', Elliot, Emily L., and Sallie Winifred. 

3. Lou Able m. Geo. M. Abell of Nelson co. and has four children, Edward, 
Geo. M.. Robert, Lucile. 
Lueinda Carpenter m. 2nd. M. Dupin. 

VI. Mary Carpenter^ m. 1. Dr. Wm. T. Winsor, of Lexington, Mo., and 2nd. 
Dr. James Miiir, of Bardstown, Ky. children: 

1. Susan L. Muir m. Nathaniel Wickliffe Halstead, Issue: Margaret, Muir, 
Mary, Sue, Nathaniel, Annie Dawson and Martha Porter Halstead. 

2. Wm. C. P. Muir, Lt. U. S. Navy, m. Annie Dawson Beckham, of Shel- 
by ville, Ky. 

3. Dr. Sam'l C. Muir, of Bardstown. 

VII. Samuel Carpenter^ A. B. St. Joseph College, City Attorney of Mem- 
phis, Teuu., where he died 18G0, m. Annie Men-ill. 

VIII. Susan Carpenter" m. Hon. John DarWin Elliott, of Nelson co., Ky., 
member of Kentucky Senate, County Clerk of Nelson for many years and Mas- 
ter Commissioner, children: 

1. Mary L. Elliot m. John LeBosquet, of Desmoines, Iowa; Issue: Elliott and 
Henry LeBosquet. 

2. Samuel Carpenter Elliott m. Miss C. Jackson, Issue: Darwin Elliott. 

3. LulieP. Elliott m. Capt. Leonard S. Miller;Issue:Susan Carpenter Miller, 
and Martha Porter Miller. 

4. Amanda Elliott m. Wm. Newman, children: Nellie Elliott, Williams H., 
John E., Charles Merrill, Stanley O., Chester L.,and Rockville B. 

5. Charles Merrill Elliott m. Carrie Powers, of Atlanta, Ga.,ch: Henry Pow- 
ers Elliott. ' 

6. John Carpenter Elliott. 

7. Ellen Carpenter Elliott ui. Thos. Hooge, Issue: Nellie and Lucille. 

8. Nannie Elliott m. Ernest Beeler, of New Haven, Ky. ch. Ernest. 

IX. Martha Carpenter^ m. James Joseph Porter, a native of Green co., Jiy., 
Cotton Commission Merchant of Louisville, President of Board of Trade; chil- 

1. William Porter. 

2. Mary Porter. 

3. (>arrie Porter. 

X. James Slaughter Carpenter*! m. Emilie Alston Leach, dan. of Dr. Sew- 
ell J. and Elizabeth Fitts Leach, of Tuscaloosa, Ala. Mr. Carpenter is General 
Agent of Com. Mutual Life Ins. Co. for Ky. and Tenn., and was Captain Com- 
missionary Dep't., C. S. A. children: 

1. Lizzie Carpenter m. Geo. James, of Memphis, Tenn, ch. Emilie Carpen- 
ter, James and Edith W. James. > 


2. James S. Carpenter, Jr. 

3. Samuel Sidney Carpenter. 

4. Em i lie Alston Carpenter. 

5. John Darwin Carpenter, 
fi. Norma S. Carpenter. 

(Robtl., Robt3., Col. James^ Robt*.) 
Philip Clayton SLAiT(iHTKR''>, m. Miss Betsy Payne, of Russellville, Ky., 
1818. Tlieir only child, Mary, m. Cardwell Breathitt, sou of (tov. John Breat- 
hitt, of Kentiu'ky. Their descendants live in j\Iissouri. 


[Note : From a descendant of Lawrence Slau<?hter, son of Robert, one of 
the two brothers, we have the folio wiufjf.] 

Lawrence Slaixj^hter, son of Robert 1st., Lieut, in Virj^inia Stace Line un- 
der (yen. Geori^e Rodji,ers (JIarke in eampaif>n in that part of Virginia which 
is now Illinois, m. Susanna Field, dan. of Col. John Field, (see Field gt^nealo- 
gry paj?e r)7. St Mark's) Colonel in Viri;-inia State Line, killed in battle of Point 
Pleasant, Gen. Andrew Lewis commanding,', ("ol. Field was also member (^f 
House of Burgess from Culpeper county in 17(55. 

Children of Lawrence Slaughter and Susanna Field: 1st. John Field Slaugh- 
ter, m. 1st. Miss Alexander, of Effingam, Prince William county, m. 2nd. Miss 
Slaughter, dau. of Col. Robert Slaughter, of The Grrange, Culjieper county; 
2nd. Anne Slaughter, m. Baylor Baid<s; ;]rd. Mildred, m. James Marye; 4th. 
Robert Field, m. Sarali Bond; 5th. Mathilda, m. McCoul; 6th. George S.; 7th. 
Lawi'ence; 8th. Frances. 
I Children of Baylor Banks and Anne Slaughter: 1st: Elizabeth (b. 1784) m. 

AVilliam Barker, (180;:!); 2nd Ann Baylor, (b. 1784) m. L. Roberts (lS0(;);;5rd. Dr. 
Wm. Tunstall, (b. 1788* m. Pamela Somerville Harris (1813); 4th. Lawrence Bay- 
lor, (b. 1790), (died 1797); 5th. John Field, (b. 1792) m. Frances Roberts; 0th. Bay- 
lor, (b. 1798) m. Mary Stern; 7th. Richard Tunstal (b. 1795) never married; 8th. 
Mildred (b. 1797) m. William Field (1819); 9th. Lawrence Slaughter (b. JSO)}) m. 
Margaret J. Noble (18;M); 10th. George (b. 1805), (died 1808); 11th. Tunstal (b. 

Children of Wm. Barker and Elizabeth Banks, 1st. Joshua (b. 1810) m. La- 
cy Ann Mason; 2nd. John Butler (b. 1812) never married; Srd. Ann Baylor (b. 
1815) m. William Stewart: 4th. Baylor Banks (h. 1818) ui. 1st. Martha Ann Sam- 
ple, 2nd. C. Penrith Ewing; 5th Fanny Britton (b. 1821) m. Col. M. C. Galla 

Children of Lawrence Banks and Margaret J. Noble: 1st. William Henry 
(b. 1884) m. Mary Stewart of Ala.; 2nd. Cyrus Aiken (b. 188G), (died 184:',); 8rd. 
ft^ «*" George Noble (b. 18:}S), (died 1842); 4th. Mildred Ann (b. 1840), (died 1842); 5th. 

Margaret Lawrence (b. 1842); Gth. Mary Ann (b. 1844), (died 1881); 7th m. 

John Ni(!hols; 8th. Martha Noble (b. 1847); 9th. Lawrence Slaughter (b. 1849), 
(died 1884); 10th. a son, m. Emma Dial; 11th. James Baylor (b. 1851) m. Neal 
Payne; 12th. Mathilda White (b. 185:'.) m. W. R. Jones, i:}th. Charles Albert 
(b. is5(;i; 

Children of Dr. Williau) Tunstal Baidvs, (vestryman for a number of years 
at Ma(lisr)n C. H.), and Pamela Somerville Harris his first wife: one child, Catii- 
erine J. (b. 1817), (died 18(;i) m. Benjamin M. Yancey. 18:59. Children of second 
wife, Clara Foy, m. 1825, were : 

let. William Eldridge, m. Mary Willis; their children were: James W., 
Susan, Ida, Sally, Mollie and Florence; 2nd. Sophia, m.lst. Dr. Talley, 2nd. Mr. 
Allen, no children; iird. Clara m. Jas. B. Willis, and had Clara H.. Salley. Wil- 
lie, Soi)hia, Alice, and 1"unstal; 4th. John Lawrence m. 1st. Miss Hobson, 2nd. 



Bettie A. Carson, no children. Two chiltlren of first wife were: 1st. Min- 
nie Hawes, m. Dr. Richard M. Smith, Ph. D., and had ^'ellie Blackwell, John 
Lawrence Banks, and Elizabeth; 2nd. William Tunstal. 

Children of Bemjamin M. Yancey and Catherine -T. Banks, his wife. Ist. 
Pamela Somerville, m. Capt. Joseph B. Brown; 2nd. Edward D.; 3rd. Dr. Chas. 
K.; 4th, Mary Crimora, m. John AV. Payne; .^th. Sallie Thomas, m. John W. 

Children of Capt. Joseph D. Brown and Pamela S. Yancey: 

1st. Mary Catherine, m. Rufus T. Carpenter, and had Ninette Brown, Stacy 
Harris, Josepli Daniel, f^llie Florence, Frank Hill, and Leslie Pamela. 

2iid. Lilly Banks, m. Thomas M. Henry, Att'y Princeton, N. J., and had 
Lucy Maxwell, Pamela Brown. 

3rd. Josephine, m. J. Benjamin Flippen, of Cumberland county, and had 
Sue Gray, Elsie Josephine, Harry, MarjoriePamela„ 

4th. Benjamin Armistead, m. Frances Todd Faunt Le Roy, of Kinf? and 
Queen county, and had Virginius Faunt Le Roy, Joseph Daniel, and Juliet 
Faunt Le Roy. 5th. Andrew Edward. 0th. (Tertrude Pamela, m. John Ban- 
nister Sparrow, of Danville, Va. 7th. Florence Armistead, m. Olliver G. Flip- 
pin, of Cumlieriand county. 

Children of John W. Payne and Crimora Yancey. 1st. Mary Catherine; 
2nd. Emma Carson; 3rd. Fannie Keith; 4th. Crimora Yancey. 


[Revised and corrected by Mrs. Mary Dunnica Micou.] 

The first of the name of Pendleton wdio came to the Colony of Vir<?inia to 
make their home (in 1074) were two younj? men, Philip Pendleton, a teacher, 
and Nathaniel, his brother, a clergyman. The latter died very soon, unmar- 
ried; he evidently held no clerical charge in the Colony, as his name has never 
been given among the lists of the clergy of that time. Philip returned to Eng- 
land about 1680; tradition says he married a lady of high social position, but 
she died, and he returned to the Colony, and in 1682 married Isabella Hurt (or 
Hert or Hftwt)) and from this marriage are descended all thePendletons of Vir- 
ginia. Philip was born in Noi-wich, England, in 1600, son of Henry Pendle- 
ton, 3rd son of Henry Pendleton, son and heir of George Pendleton, Gentle- 
man, who married Elizabeth Pettingall dau. of John Pettingall, Gentleman of 
Norwich, Eng. George Pendleton moved from Manchester to Norwich in 1613. 

His son and heir, Henry, probably married Susan because in Vol. 48 of 

the New England Hist, and Gen. Register, is found a coijy of the will of Sir 
John Pettus, Knight, of Norwich, Jan. 1613, which says : "Appoint my cou- 
sin, Henry Pendleton, Supravisor of my estate." Also Thomas Pettus, of 
Caistree, St. Edmond's Norfolk, Oct. 1618. "To my Cousins, Henry Pendle- 
ton and Susan, his wife, annuity out of my houses &g. in Norwich." This fam- 
ily of Pettus is the same as the one in Va. The Pendletons Avere originally 
fi'om Manchest^', where the name was well known, some of them being in 
public life as early as the reign of Henry VIII. The Coat of Arms used by 
the Pendletons of Norwich and by the emigrant, Philip, indicate bj"^ the pres- 
ence of E.scallop shells and by the Cardinal's chapeau, in the Crest, a connec- 
tion with Crusader traditions. The New England Pendletons, descendants of 
Brian Pendleton, came from Lancaster, and show a different Coat of Arms. 
Philip Pendleton is said to have settled in New Kent Co., but there is no re- 
cord of the family on the Register of St. Peter's Parish; he probably lived al- 
ways in the jjortion called afterAvards Caroline county, the records of which 
were burnt during the war of "Ol-dr). Most of his descendants settled in coun- 



tiosto tho nortli of New Kent. He died in 1721, the same year his oldest son 
Henry died, and tlie same year liis grandson, the eminent Judge pjdmund Pen- 
dleton, was born. He had three sons and four daughtei's, two of his family 
married into the family of James Taylor, of Carlisle, Eng., and by other inter- • 
marriages, a close connection with the Taylor family has been preserved. 
Some of his descendants were among the founders of St Mark's Parish. 


Gules, an inescut<-heon, argent, between four escallop shells in saltire. 

Or. Crest. On a chai)eau gules, turned up ermine, a demi-dragon, wings 
inverted, or holding an escallop shell argent. 

Philip Pkndlkton, born in Norwich, England, 1(550, emigrated to the 
Colony in 1674, visited Eng. in 1G80, returning, m. in 1()83 Isabella Hurt or 
Hart, and died in 1721. issue : 

1. HenryS b. 1083, m. Mary, dau. of James Taylor, of Carlisle, Eng. 1701; he 
d. May 1721; his wife m. 2nd. Ed. Watkins, d. 1770; 2. Elizabeth^, m. Samuel 
Clayton, of Caroline county; issue : Philii), of "Catalpa." 3. Rachael~, m. 
John Vass. 4. Catherine^-, m. John Taylor; issue: "John Taylor of Caroline''? 
U. S. S. 5. John-, b. 10i)l, d. 1775, m. Tinsley, of Madison county, remov- 
ed to Amherst count}*. 6. Isabella-, m. Richard Thomas. 7. Philip-, m. Eliza- 
beth Pol 1 ard . J^tff 

Henry PendSUP^' eldest son of Philip Pendleton, the emigrant, and 
Isabella Hfrt or Hurt^^i born in 1683. He m. in 1701, Mary Taylor, dau. of 
Janies Taylov,of dlHBH^^ng.. and his 2nd. wife Mary Gregory. Henry was 
18 and Mary 13 years of age. He died in 1721, the same year his youngest son, 
pjdmund, was born. His wife m. 2nd. Ed. Watkyns and died 1770. Of his five 
sons, the oldest, James, and the third, Nathanijel, were for many years Clerks 
of the Vestry and Lajjvreaders at the small chapels of St. Mark's Parish; and 
Philip, the son of James, was Clei-k in 1782, when the Vestry books closed. 
His two dangliters married l)rothers, James and William Henry Gaines. His 
youngest son, Edmund, though without a father's care, made for himself a 
name which will be known and remembered as long as V^irginia's sons read her 
history. By his large circle of nephews and neices, many of them his own 
age, he was loved and revered, and the tradition of his kindness and ever 
ready help is handed down through nearly every branch of the family. Almost 
all the Pendletons of Virginia trace their descent to Henry Pendleton and 
Mary Taylor; their issue were : 

1. James^^ b. 1703, m. issue: Jamest, Henrv^, Philip^, Annie', m. Tav- 


2. Philip^, ni. Martha and dying 1778, left 15 children (five of them 

daughters) who intermarried with Gaines, Barbour, Thomas, Turner, &;c. 

3. Nathaniel-'?, b. 1715, m. his second cousin, dau. of Philip Clayton; he d. 
1704, in Cutpeper county, Va. 

4. JohXi3, 1^. 1719; d. 17(ii); Burgess from King and Queen, 1795: m. 1st. Miss 
James; issuV^ Edmund*, John*, Elizabeth*, and Mary*; m. 2nd. Sarah Madison 
(cousin of President James Madison); issue : Henry*, Sarah*, James*, liucy* 
and Thomas*. 

K. Edmund^, b. Sept. 1721, d. at Riclimond, Va., Oct. 1803; patriot and Ju- 
rist; m. twice; 1st. 1743, Elizal)etii Roy, who died the same year; 2nd. 1743 Sa- 
rah Pollard. There are on record in the Virginia Land Reg. Otlice grants in 
his name numbering nearly 10,000 acres of land. 

6. Mary'5. m. James Gaines. 

7. IsabelUvi, m. William H. Gaines. She was the grandmother of (-Jen. Ed- 
nunid Pendleton Gaines, U. S. A. 


Jamks Pkxd1jKton:J eldest son of( Henrys, Philipi.) m. Mary Taylor Pen- 
«lletoii; issue : 1. James*, 2. Henry-t, 8. Philip*, 4. Anne*, ni. Taylor. 

Jamks Pkndlktox*, (Janies3, Henry-, Philipl.) m. Catherine Bowie, dau. 

of Gov. Bowie, of Maryland; issue : 1. Johnf*, ni. Taylor, 2. Margaret'"', ni. 

Ist. R. Slauf?hter, 2nd. Morris;"^. Nancy-'), m. 1st. Brown, 2nd. Valen- 
tine Johnson; 4. Catherine^, m. Archibald Tutt; 5. James Bowie^; 6. Thojuas">, 

m. Farmer; 7. William^, m. Naneey, dau. of Capt. John Strother; 8. Cat- 

lett"'; 9. Elizabeths, m. Henry Pendleton, her cousin. 

JOHX Pexdi,etox-'», (James*, James-^, Henry2, Philip'. );m. Taylor, is- 
sue : 1. Jamesii; 2. John T'.; 8. Thomas*'; 4. Catherine^. 

Nancy Pkxdleton-^ m. 1st. Brown, 2nd. Valentine Johnson, (James*, 

James3, HenryS, Philip^.); issue: 1. James Bowie*'; 2. Thomas M'>., m Jane Far- 

Thomas P»;ni)LKToN''), (James*, James^, Henry-, Philipi.) m. Fa:rmer, 

issue : 1. William^; 2. James^, m. Connei- 8. DanieK m. Simms; 4. John6; 

5. Alexanders; G. George W.6; 7. Anne", m. .John Menefee: 8. Eliza", m. 


William Pkxdletox'>, (James*, JamesS, HenryS, Philipi.) m. Nancy 
Strother, issue : 1. John Strother", Mem. House of Del. Va., M. C; served seven 
years in diplomatic service, m. Lucy Ann Williams. 2. Albert Gailatin", House of 
Del., d. 1875, m. Elvira Chai)man. 3. James French", Supt. Va. Penitentiary m. 
Narrisa Cecil, issue : 1. Albert G'., 2. John S"., 3. Janjes F"., 4. William C". and 
5. Edmund"; 4. William": 5. French". 

Albert Gallatin Pendleton", (William'>, James*, James^, HenryS, Phil- 
ipi.) ni. Elvira Chapman, issue : 1. son d. young"; 2. Nannie Strother", m. Judge 
P. W. Strother; 3. Sarah Elizabeth", m. Van Taliaferro; 4. Alberta Fowler", m. 
S. R. Crockett. * 

Henry Pendleton*, (James'5, Henry-, Philipb) (MeuL of Culpeper Com. 
of Safety 1775. and of Patriot Convention 1775-6) m. Ann Thomas, issue: 1. 

Dau^. in. ■ Browning, issue : dau. nu Capt. French Strother, of Missouri; 2. 

Dau''. m. Smith; 3. Dau">. m. Green, issue : Harriet, Judith, and Caro- 
line; 4. EdM'ard">, m. Sarah Strother; 5. HenryS, m. Elizabeth Pendleton, his 
cousin; 6 Frances-"', m. Ward; 7. Etbnund-'', m. Elizabeth Ward. 

Edmund Pendleton-'', (Henry*, JamesS, HenryS, Philip^^.) m. Elizabeth 
Ward, issue : 1. Edward"; 2. William"; 3. Daniel"; 4. Theoderick", settled in 
T'larke county, Va.; 5. Robert W"., resides in I:?altimore, Md., (Pres. Valley R. 
R. Co.); 6. Peter", i.s Pres. of Valley R. R. Robert W., d. a merchant in 1859; 
7. George AV"-, remo\ed to Arkansas; 8. Mary xVnn", m. Wul Foushee; 9. Eliza- 
beth W"., m. E. B. Long, of ]?altimore, issue : Gertrude, m. Geo. M. Williams, 
(see Williams genealogy). 

Philip PendletonS, (HenryS, Philipi.) was born about 1704 or 1705. The 
record of his residence and the names of some of his children is lost; he proba- 
V)ly lived in Caroline county, because he is mentioned in the only record of 
that county, not burnt during the Civil War, as witness in a suit in 1768 and 
as having travelled 30 miles to attend Court. His wife is supposed to have been 

named Martha , because of a deed of sale to his stepfather, Ed. Watkyns, 

in Culpeper county, signed by I'hilip Pendleton and wife, Martha. He is said 
to have had 15 children, live of whom were daughters, all married, according 
to the records in Judge Pendleton's bible. Of these five daughters, Mary, the 
oldest, m. Col. Edmund Waller, second clerk of Spottsylvania. Jemina, m. her 
first cousin, Richard Gaines, son of Isabella Pendleton and Wni. Henry Gaines. 
Martha, m. Massey Thomas, of Culpeper county, the other two are said to have 
been named Mildred and Judith, but their record is uncertaiiL There was a 

son Henry, as is proved by deed in Oranp:e county, land left to him to po after 
his decease to his sister Mary Waller, recorded in 1742. A f^reat-srandaufrhter 
of Philip mentions sons ofhis : ''John, Edmund, Philip, and I cannot re- 
member all their names.'' Some of them probably moved West as did his 
daufi:hter Martha. His younj?est son Micajah, lived and died in Amherst couji- 
ty; Philip Pendleton died in 1778; his four children of whom we have record 
are as follows : 

I. Mary+. m. Col. Edmund Waller, 3nd Clerk of Spottsylvania, issue: 1. 
John'">; 2. Leonard'); 'S. Wm. Edmund^); 4. Benjamin''; 5. Ann?', m. 1783, Geo. Ma- 
son, issue : Nancy", m. Henry Coleman, issue : 1. Hally'^, m. Charles H. Clai- 
borne; 2. Emma'^, m. Henry Rose Carter, issue: Hill«; Nannie*', m. Judge Redd; 
Edward**; Charles«; and Mary«. 

II. Jemina* or Grermina, m. Richard Glaines, issue : 1. William'^; 2. Lucy'>, 
m. Botts; 3. Rowland;'"> 4. Germina'>, m. Speak; 5. Benjamin^; 6. Na- 
thaniel"); 7. Jaraeso; 8. Judith'), m. Chancellor; 1). Annie'', . m. ("rigler; 

10. John Cook5; 11. Elizal)etlA m^^f^^Thomas. 

III. Martha*, m. Massey Thomas, son of Massey Thomas, of Culpeper 
county; they moved to Varsailles, Woodford county, Kentucky, about 1811; all 

their children were born in Va., issue : 1. Fannie Taylor^, b. 1788, m. 

Lewis; 2. Philadeli)hia Pendleton^, b. 1789, m. James Dunnica; 3. Sallie Minor'', 
1). 17!)1, m. William Hamilton Duiniica; 4. (Ti-anville Pendleton^, fought under 

Gen. Harrison in 1813 to 1815; 0. Virginia Curtis'), b. 1794, m. Norwood; (>. 

John Price-% b. 1794; 7. Martha CurtisS, b. 1798, m. Ramsey. 

Philadklphia Pendleton ThomasS, (Martha Pendleton*, Philip', Henry-, 
Philipi) m. James Dunnica, moved to Missouri, issue: 1. Fontaine Murray^, m. 
Caroline P. Harrison, issiie : Leon"^, and George P'^.; 2. Martha Zerelda<5; 3. 
licwann Melvina*'; 4. Granville Price", m. Mary Aun Bagley, issue: Marys ui. 
Rev. Richard W. Mieou, and had Granville Price**; 5. America Vespucia", m. 
Isaac Cutler; G. William Hann'lton'-, (killed at Battle' of Atlanta, Ga., C. S. A.); 
7. John LoganG; 8. Fannie Sallie Virginia''. 

Sallie Minor Thomas-'), (Martha Pendletont, IMiilip^J, Henry-, Philipi,) m. 

William Hamilton Dunnica, issue : Louise", m. Baber; Granville Thomas"; 

Virginia", m. Pollock. 

John Price Thomas'), (Martha Pendletont, Philip^^, Henry3, Philipi,) 
issue : Adelia", m. Burns; James Waller"; William Massey". 

IV. MICA.JAH Pendleton*, youngest son of (Philip^', Henry~, Philij)!,) m. 
Mary Cabell Hor«ely, dau. of Wm. Horsely, of Amherst county, issue : 1. Mar- 
tha'), d. unmarried; 2. Edmund'); 3. Edna'', m. Dabney Gooch; 4. Joseph-'); 5. 
Elizabeth-"), m. Thomas Enunet, issu^e : Pendleton", and two daughters; (>. Leti- 
tia Breckenridge-'), m. Hudson Martin Garland, issue : Breckenridge C"., Henri- 
etta M"., m. Pleasant S. Dawson; 7. Robert-'', m. Mary Taliaferro, issue : 
Rosa", m. Henly. 

Elizabeth Pkndleton-'j, (Micajah*, Philip^, Henry-, Philipi,) m. Thomas 
Truxton Emmet, son of Lewis Emmet and Jane Barnet Gibbs, dau. of Church- 
ill Gibbs and Judith Richard.son, son of Gibbs and— ' Chtirchill. Lewis 

Emmet was son of John Emmet and Mary Ste[)hens, dau. of Maj. Peter Steph- 
ens and Miss Rittenhouse, of Pliiladelpha, issue. Pendelton Ennuet", ul Alice 
Pringle, and has two daughters; he was Lieut, in tiie C. S. A.; was taken pris- 
oner and sent to Johnson's Island until end of the War. 

Nathaniel PENDLETON:i,(Henry~, Pliilii)i,). He was born 1715; m. his 

second cousin, dau. of Philii) Clayto.i: he d. 1794, in Culpeper county Va. issue : 

1. Nathaniel* b. 1740, d. in New York, Oct. 20, 1821. Entered Rev. Army 
in 1775. aide-de-campe to General Greene; prominent lawyer and jurist in 

New York; second of Alexander Hamilton in his duel with Aaron Burr; ni. 
Susan Bard; 2. Wiliiaiui 1). 1748, settled in Berkeley county, and was a 
faithful layreader of the Church of Enji'land, as was also his son, William, who 
Avas the father of the late Rev. William H. I'endleton; ;3. Henryi, b. 1750, d. in 
S. C, Jan, 1789. Eminent as jurist and i)atriot; numerous descendants in S. C; 
Pendleton District in that state named in honor of him; 4. Phdipi b. 1752, 
Martinsburf?,'ya.; 5. Mary*, m. John Williams, no issue; G. Elizabeth t, m. Ben- 
jamin Tutt; 7. Susanna*, m. Wilson. 

Nathaniel Pkndlkton*, (Nathaniels, HenryS, Philipi,) m. Susan Bard, 
issue: 1. Edmund H=">., Judge, M. C. Left no issue; 2. Nathaniel Greene">, b. 
Savainiah, Gra. Aug. 1793, d. June 16, 1801. Aide to Gren. Gaines 1818-1 (i; mem- 
ber Ohio Senate 182')-2:5; M. C. 1840 2; fatiier of Hon. George H. Pendleton; 8. 
John Bardi'>, left no issue: 4. James Wk, m. Margaret Jones, issue : Capt, James 
M. Jones; 5. Anne F5., m. Archibald Rogers. 

Philip Pexblkton-i, (Nathaniel^, HenryS, Philipi.) ,,1. Pendleton, 

issue : 1. Philip C-">., (U. S. District Judge); 2. Edmund"> (Washington, D. C); 8. 

Anne'>, m. Kennedy; 4. Sarah5, m. 1st. Hunter, issue : Hon. R. M. T. 

Hunter; m. 2iid.^ Dandridge, issue : seven children; 5. Maria">, m. John R. 

Cooke, (celel)rated lawyer), issue: Phil. Pendietoii, (poet) and .John Esten, 
(novelist); G. Elizabeth'j, m. Hunter. 

Philip C. Pkxdletox">, (Philip4, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi,) issue: 1 
PhiliptJ; 2 P^dmund^', (Judge Circuit Court); 8. E. Boydf>. 

William Pendleton*, (Nathaniels, HenryS, Philipi,) was born 1748, m. 
Elizabeth Daniel, ofCulpeper, moved to Berkely county; had a large estate, } 
which he left to his son, William. He was a man of classical education, and i^ 
composed many sermons and essays. He had seven daughters and three sons, 
as follows : 

1. Mary"), m. Nicholas Orrick, issue: Cromwell, and other children; 2. Eliz- 
abeth'', m. Ferguson; 8. SusanS, m. Wigginton; 4. Ellen"', m. 1st. 

James AValker, issue : William; 2nd. Lindsay; 0. Ben;amin'>, m. 5 times, ' 

issue : Catherine and James, d. young; 6. FrancesS, m. James Campbell; 7. 

Nathaniel'', m. had children, moved to Ohio; 8. Emilyj, m. Dyer, moved' 

to Missouri; 9. WilliamS. 

William PendletonS, (William*, Nathaniels, HenryS, Philipi^) was b. 
1789, m. 1811 Susan, dau. of Stephen Snodgrass, and his wife, Elizabeth Ver- 
dier, dau. of the Countess of Monti, whom. Francis Verdier, and being Hugue- 
nots, were forced to fly from France. Susan (Snodgrass) d. 18.34. He m. 2nd. 
Mrs. E. A. Robinson; d. 1855, issue : 

1. Anne Eliza", b. 1812, d. 1884, m. Amos Williamson, issue : Samuel, Susan, 
Benjamin, Robert, Amos, Edmund, and Annie; 2. Susan Verdier Sheperd", b" 
1813, d. 1888, m. James Campbell Orrick; 3. Eleanor6, b. 1815, d. 1844, ni. Na- 
thaniel Pendleton Campbell; 4. William HenryB, b. 1817, d. 1873, m. Henrietta 
Randolph; 5. Nathaniels, b. 1820, d. 1824; 6. Robert S6., b. 1824, d. 1880, m. 
Mary PfeifTer; 7. Philip Edmundfi, b. 1827, d. 1830; 8. Stephen James6, b. 1881, 
killed at Malvern Hill; m. Emma H. Taylor, issue : Emma, Claudia, and Wil- 
liam H. 

Susan Pendleton^, (William'*, William*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philipi,) m. 
James Campbell Orrick, issue : 1. Rev. William I*endIeton", Dean of Cathe- 
dral at Reading Pa.; 2. Charles James', m. Helen Marr Lewis, issue: Jesse 
Lewis*^, Virginia Pendleton^^, and Helen Cromwell'*. 

Robert S. Pendleton", (William'', William*, Nanthanieis, Henry-, Phil- 
ipi,) m. Mary A. Pfieffer, issue : 1. Mary MT.; 2. William U'., m. Ellen Wright; 
3. J. Philip BT., m. Edith Hower; 4. Rol)ert Edmund'. 


llKV. J. Philip B. PknolktoxT. (Robt. S*'., William''', Williami, Natlian- 
iel!5, Heni-y2, Pliilipi.) in. Edith F. Howor. Rector of St. Georfj:e'B Cluirch, 
Sclieiiet'tad}', N. Y., issue : Edith May St. Geoi-f^e^, Edmund Randolph**, and 
Philip Clayton^. 

William J'kndlktox'', (William'', William*, Nathaniel-^ Henry-, Philipi.) 
was b. 1817, d. 187!}; m.Hein-ietta, dan. of Dr. Philip Grymes Randoli)h; was or- 
dained at the TlVeolo;?ical Seminary, 18 13. Had parishes in Fau-juier, Roanoke, 
and Bedford counties; was an eloquent preacher, and an indefatif^able worker; 
issue: 1. Lucy Welford Randolph'''; 2. Susie Randolph'!'; ;5. Mary Randolph'^'; 
4. Philip Randolph'^; 5. Henrietta Grymes"^; (5. Ellen Shepherd"; 7. Garnett Pey- 
tonV; 8. Rev. William H. K-. 

Edjiuni) Pkxdlkton-'', (Philip*, Nathaniel^, Henry3, Philipi.) m. issue: 

Isaac PurnellO; 2. Serena*', m. l)andrid}^"e. 

Annk PkxdlktoX''', (Philip*. Nathaniel-', Henry2, Philipi.) m. Ken- 
nedy; issue : 1. John Pendleton", }). in Bait. Oct. 23, 1795, d. in jS'ewi>ort, R. I. 
Aug. 18, 1870. (LL. D. H. H. 180:}, author and politician, M. C, Sec. U. S. Navy 
1852); 2. Andrew'!; 3. JMiilip P".; 4. Anthony", U. S. Senator. 

Elizabeth Pem)lktoa'"', (Philip*, Nathaniels, Henry-, Philijji.) m.~ 

Hunter; issue : 1. Philip Pendleton"; 2. David"; 8. Andrew", Charlestown, W. 

Va., (distinguish lawyer); 4. Edmund P"; o. Elizabeth", m. Strother, issue: 

Gen. D. H. Strother, "Porte Crayon"; 0. Mary Matthews": 7. Moses H".; 8. 
Louisa Brooke"; 9. Nancy", m: Rev. Joiin Hoge, D. D., issue: John Blair, (Cir- 
cuit Judge, AV. Va.) 

Elizabeth ]-*kni)LKTOX*, (Nathanieri, Henry-, Pliilipi.) m. Benjamin Tutt; 
issue: 1. Mildred^ m. Burkett Jett, of Loudon county, Va.; 2. Lux'y'"', m. 
John Shackleford, (Commonwealth Att'y., Culpeper county, Va.); 3. Dau">, m. 
Capt. John Williams; 4. Dau'>, ui. William Broadus, (Clerk of Culpeper county, 
Va.); 5. Elizabeth''; G. Annief*, m. Robert Catlett, of Fauquier county; 7. Chas. 
P'>., issue: Dau, m. Charles Bonnycastle (Prof. Univ. of Va.), Dau. m. Joshua 
Colston, Dau. m. Maj. Throgmorton, of Loudon county. 

Lucy Tutt'>, (Elizabeth*, Nathaniel^ Henry^i, Philipi;) m. John Shackle- 
ford, issue : 1. Elizabeth", m. Minor Gibson of Rappahannock county, in 1818; 

2. Mary", m. Col. Catlett Gibson, of Culpeper count}-; 3. Henry", m. Miss Ross, 
Culpeper county; 4. Barlow", m. Miss Doty, of Wisconsin; a. St. " Pierre", m. 
Elvira Gibson; 0. Muscoe Livingston", TJ. S. A., killed in Mexico; 7. Martha", m. 
Ric^hard Spotswood; 8. John Lyne"; !). Benjamin Howard", ni. Rebecca Green, 
dau. of Jones Green. 

Elizabeth Shackelford", (LucyS (Tutt), Elizabeth*, Nathaniels, Henry2, 
Philipi.) lu. Minor Gibson; issue : 1. Lucy E^.; 2. Mary EllenV, m. James Porter, 
M. D., Frostting, Md.; 3. Martha Irene"; 4. Isaac", (Episcopal" clergyman) m. 
Annie Wingerd, of Georgetown, I). C, 1853; 5. Alcinda Esther'^, m. G. E. I'or- 
ter, M. D., of Md.; 6. John St. Pierre", M. D., m. Mary Wallace, Augusta, Ga.; 
7. Moses"; 8. James Greeni'. 

Rev. Isaac GibkoxT, (Eliza]>eth" (Shackleford), Lucy"' (Tutt), Elizabeth*, 
Nathaniels, Henry2, Philii>l;) m. Annie Wingerd; issue: 1. John Shackleford**, 
(Episcopal clergyman), m. 1881, Ilicia Davis, dau. of Dr. J. M. Davis, Trenton, 
N. J.; 2. Ethel Wingerd"; 3. Muscoe Minor", (Lawyer) m. Amy Whitton, Norris- 
town. Pa.; 4. Delia Pendleton". 

Ret. John Siiacklefoud Gibsox". (Rev. Isaac Gibson"), Elizabeth", 
(Shackleford), Lucy"' (Tutt), Elizabeth*, Nath;ini(^is, Henry-', Philipi.) m. Ilicia 
Davis; issue: 1. Frances Bodine!'. b. Nov. 1881; 2. James Davies", b. Oct. 18^3; 

3. Anna9, b. Sept 1.^85; 4. John Shackleford'-', b. Jan. 1887; 5.. Philip Pendleton', 
b. June 1890. 


MuscoE M. GiBSOjfS, (Rev. Isaac GibsonV, ElizabethC (Shackleford), LucyS 
(Tutt), Elizabetlii, Nathaniels, HenryS, Philip!), m. Amy Whitton; issue: 1. 
Anna Bertha^; 3. Joseph Whitton!'. 

Mary E. GibsonT, Elizabeth" (Shackleford) Gibson, Lucj5 (Tutt), Eliza- 
beth*, Nathaniels, Henry2, Philpl). m. Dr. Jas, Porter; issue : 1. LueyS, m. in 
Maryland; 2. Glissen^ m. Hattie HoUinjysworth, Winchester. 

Alcinda E. GibsonT, (ElizabethC (Shackleford), Lucy5 (Tutt), Elizabeth*, 
Nathaniels, Henry'^ Philipl). m. G. E. Porter; issue : 1. Emiua«; 2. Franks, Min- 
ister M. E. Church, ni. Miss Miller; :]. Muscoe«, d. naval cadet at Annapolis; 4. 
Eliza])eth Pendleton«; 5. Minor Gibson M. D«.; 6. Alexander Shaw M. D8., Sur- 
geon U. S. A., m. Miss Keen. 

JoHK St. Pikrrk Gibson'!', (Elizal>eth6 (Shackleford), Lucy') (Tutt), Eliz- 
abeth*, Nathaniels, Henry^, Philipl). lu. Mary Wallace; issue : 1. Edwin LaeeyK, 
M. D., m. Mary Miller, Raleigh, N. C; 2. Elizabeth PendletonS. 

Mary Shacklkford^, (LucyS (Tutt). Elizabeth*. Nathaniels, HenryS, 
Philipl). ni. Col. Jonathan Catlett Gibson; issue:!. Mary Catlett", m. Milton 
Fitzhuf>:h, and had Milton Catlett Fitzhugh, 6f California; 2. Lucy Ellen'^, m. 
John Strother Buekuer (see issue below.); ?>. Ann Eustace'i^, in. James B. Welch, 
of Ala., died leaving Leiia^, m. A. H. Davis, Eustace, in. Sally Berry, Susan, m. 
James Leisure, and Thomas; 4. Wm. St. Pierre'', Lieut. Cav. C. S. A. Killed at 
Westminster; 5. Jonathan Catlett'"', (enlisted as a ju'ivate in the Culpeper 
Minute Men. Was rapidly promoted and became Colonel of the 49th. Virgin- 
ia Infantry, succeeding Col. Wm ("Extra Billy'') Smith. Represented Culpep- 
er county in the Virginia House of Delegates for a number of terms), m. Mary 
G. Shacklefoi'd, and had Edwin H^., m. Janie Grigg, having Jonathan Catlett" 
and Edwin Agnew^; and Felixf^, died single; 0. Mildred Williams'!^, died young 
and unmarried; 7. John Shackleford", died unmarried; 8. Snsan'i'.died young; 9. 
Eustaeel'. m. Mattie Lacklin. and had Pierre, Howard and Lee. Represented 
the Huntingdon, W. Va. district in the House of Delegates, being Speaker, 
and also in the U. S. House of Representatives for two terms; 10. Edwini', died 

Lucy Ellkn Gibsox'^', (Mary« (Shackleford), Lucy^ (Tutt), Elizabeth*, 
Nathaniels, Henry-, Philipl). m. John Strother Buckner, having 1. Mary Eliz- 
abeth**, who lu. Richard P. Spiers, of North Carolina, and had Winfield Buck- 
nerf, Mary Dandridge", and Helen Strother"; 2. Aylette Hawes^, who ni. Anna 
Burt, of Ala., and had Berto, John Strother!', Aylette Hawes!', Martha Ball9; 
i). Anne Eustace^; 4. Eugenie^, who m. W. I. Winfield, of North Carolina, and 
had John Buckner!', Edith Spottswood!*, Courtlandt Scott!', Gladys Gibson!', 
Richard Marshall!', and William Meade!'; 5. Blanche St. Pierre^, who m. John 
E. Dove, and had Lucile Buckner!'. 

Henry SHACKliEFORD'',^ (Lucyo (Tutt), ILlizabeth*, Nathaniels, Henry^, 
Philipl). m. Elizabeth Ross; issue : 1. Mary Geoi-gel", m. Col. Jonathan Catlett 
Gibson; 2. Lucy'^, m. 1st. Judge Sinclair, 2nd. Emile Le Grande; 3. Kate'i', m. 
Cor))in Jameson; 4. Bessie Lee'!', m. Capt. C. H. Lester, U. S. A.; 5. Shirley'!', m. 
Rev. W. R. Davis; and had Henry Shackl(>ford«. 


John, 4th,^nof Henry and Mary (Taylor) Pendleton, b. 1719, d. 1799, was 
in his 58th. y^ar at the beginning of the Rev. war; he held various offices of hon- 
or and trust in the Colony of Va., and in the Senate. He was appointed by a 
convention of delegates of the Counties and Corporations in the Colony of Va. 
at Richmond ToAvn, on Monday, July, 17th., 1775, to sign a large issue of Treas- 
ury notes. These notes were issued ujjon the credit, taxes and duties having 
1 een suspended to suit the distressed circumstances of the Colonists. The 


issue was about £350,000 and the ordinance read; "of the'notes to be so issued, 
50,000 shall be of the denomination of oue shilling, and shall be signed by John 
Pendleton, Jr., Gentleman, which notes last named shall be on the best paper. 
John Pendleton was appointed, by the Governor of Va., Judg'e of her courts 
at a time when they were composedof the leading men of the Colony." (Tak- 
en from Ilenning's Statutes at large, 9th Vol). He m. 1st. James; issue: 

1. EdnnindJ, 1). 1758, m. 1773, Mildred Pollard; 3. John*; 3. Eliza})eth4; 4. Mary4. 
m. 2nd. Sarah Madison, (cousin oJ Pres. Madison), issue : 1. Henry^; 2. Sarah'*; 

3. James*; 4. Lucy4; 5. Thomas*. 

EDMliNn Pkndlkton*, (John3, HenryS, Philipl). of Wliite Plains, Caroline 
county, m. Mildred Pollard, youngest sister of Sarah Pollard, 2nd. wife of 
Judge Edmund Pendleton. Issue : 1. Edmund-^ b. 1774, m. 1794, 1st. Jane B. 
Page, 2nd. 1798, Lucy Nelson; 2. Mildred-^ b. 1776, m. 1798, Thomas Page; 3. 
John"), m. Annie Lewis. 

Edmuxd Pendleton-''), (Edmund*, John3 HenryS, Philipl). The estate 
called "Edmundton," was given to him by his great-uncle, Judge Edmund 
Pendleton. He m. 1st. Jane Burwell Page; issue : one dau. Elizabeth Page, 
m. John C. Sutton. Edmund m. 2nd. Lucy Nelson in May, 1798; issue : 1. 
Hugh Nelson*!, m. 1st. Lucy Nelson; 2nd Elizabeth Pigges; 2 Mildred", m. Ed- 
mund A. Pendleton, of Augusta, Ga.; 3. Judith Page'-, m. Robert H. Harrison; 

4. Francis AValkei-e, M. D.,m. Sarah F. Turner; 5. Rev. William NelsonO, m. An- 
zolette Page; 6. Robert Cartei-<i; 7. James L«., m. Analethia Carter; 8. Guerdon 
H«., m. Jane Byrd Page. 

Hugh Nelson PENi>L,KTONfi, (Edmund's Edmund^, John^, Henry;-', Philipl). 
m. Lucy Nelson; issue: 1. Julias lu. James Allen, issue: Hugh Allen. He m. 
2nd. Elizabeth Digges; issue : 1. Dudley DiggesT, m. Helen Boteler; 2. Robert 
Nelson", m. Fannie Gibson; 3. Kennith". 

Mildred Pendleton's (Edmund'"', Edmund*; John^, HenryS, Phifipi). m. 
Edmund A. Pendleton, of Augusta, Ga.; issue: 

1. Edmund Lewis", m. Catista E. Norton; issue : Edmonia, m. P. S. Mosher 

2. WillianiT, ni. Zemula C. Walker. Has four sons. 

3. JohnT. 

4. Hughs (twin brother of John,) m. Rebecca Jones. Has two sons and 
two daughters. 

5. Judith Pages "i. Richard B. Williams. 

(5. Armistead Fi-anklin^, m. Isabella Garvin; issue : two daughters and one 

7. Annie Elizabeth^ 

Judith Page PendletonO, (Edmund's Edmund*, JohnS, HenryS, Philipl). 
m. Robert H. Harrison; issue: 1. William L'., m. Lama A. Lumpkin; issue: 
Robert, Rosa, Annie, Mary, and Lama; 2. Mary F"., m. Dr. James E. Wiiriams. 

Dr. Francis Walker I'endleton's (Edmund's Edmund*, John3, Henry-', 
Philij)!). m. Sarah F. Turner; issue: 1. Robert Carters 2. Nannie F"; 3. Mil- 
dred E"., ni. Tasker Crabbe, issue : Fannie. 

Rev. Wi]>liam Nelson Pendleton's (Edmund".. Edmund*, John:!, Hen- 
ry-', Philipl). in. Anzolette Page; issue : 1. Susan-, m. Ed. Lee; 2. MaryT; ;:}. Roses 
4. Alexander S"-., m. Kate Corbin, d. 1804; 5. Nancy'!'; 6. Leila". 

James L. Pendleton's (Kdmund's Edmund*, John!!, Henry^, Philipl). ui. 
Analethia Carter; issue : 1. Samuel H"., m. Sallie A., dau. of Philij) H. Pendle- 
ton; 2. Tliomas Hugh"; 3. Emma Walkers "i- Robert C^JLittle; 4. Martha Car- 
terT, m. Joseph M. Furqurean; 5. William J"., m. Mary J. Ro*yall. 

John Pendleton's (Edmund*, Johii:i, Henry'J, Phili|)i). m. Annie Lewis; 
issue : 1. John Lewis's 2. Edmund Allen's ^5. William Armstead'i; 4. Charles 
Lewi.s'i; 5. Robert Taylor's (i. Henjamin Fraid<lin's 7. Nathaniel Philip Henry'i; 
8. Elizabeth Allen's 9. Eveline Mildred'i. 

Ediuxiiid* and Mildred (Pollard) Pendleton had five daughters: one m. 
-Taylor; two m. Turners; one in. Page; one m. Richards. 

Henry Pendleton*, (JohnS, HeuryS, Philipi) He was born in 
1702, d. 1823. Mem. House of Delegates Va. 1805. m. 1st. Alcey Ann Winston, 
2nd. Mrs. Mary B. (Overton) Burnley. Moved to Louisa county, 1786; issue : 

1. Eduiund''>, m. Unity Yancey Kimbrough; 2. John BeckertonS, b. 1788; 3. 
Josephs, m. Elizabeth llawes Goodwin; 4. Thomas M^., m. Miss Jackson, b. 
1804; 5. J. B5.; 6. Matilda W'"'., m. P. Strachan Barret; 7. Henry"', b. 1789, d. 
1801; 8. Sarah Madison'', m. Philip Winston, of Hanover county, b. 1793; 9. 
Bar]>ara Overton'', m. William Philips, b. 1795; 10. Lucy A^., m. John Voroles, 
b. 1799; 11. Catherine R5., m. Dr. Frank Johnson, b. 1801; 12. Elizabeths, b. 
1806; 13. Martha T5., m. Capt. J. M. Trice, b. 1803; 14. Wm. JamesS, m. Cather- 
ine M. Harris; 15. Alice WinstonS; 16. SamuellaS, m. Tompkins. 

Col. Edmund PkndletonS, (Henry*, John3, Henry2, Philipi). m. Unity 
Kimbrough, and moved to Cuckoo, Louisa county, 1823. In the war of 1812 he 
was Capt. of a company from his State; issue : 

1. Madison6 , m. Elizabeth Barrett; 2. Joseph K6., m. Charlotte Harris; 3. 
Elizabeth'', ui Thompson Goodwin; 4. William Kimbi'OughG, m. 1st. Lavinia 
Campbell, 2nd. Clarinda Campbell, 3rd. Catherine King; 5. Sarah6, d. young; 6, 
Henry*', d. young; 7. Philip Barbour^i, m. Jane Kimbrough Holladay. 

Dlt. Madison Pendleton", (Col. Edmund'', Henry*, John'J, Henry'-, Phil- 
ipi). m. 1829, Elizabeth Kimbrough Barrett; issue : 1. John B"., mem. 23rd Va. 
Reg. Garnetfs command, at Rich Mountain, 1861; 2. Edmund S"., 1st. Serg. Co, 
F. 4th Va. cavalry, also Ass't. Surgeon, C. S. A.; 3. Charles K"., 2nd. Serg. 4th 
Va. cavalry, prisoner in Fort Delaware 14 months; 4. Wm. B'^., Adj., of Talia- 
ferro's brigade, lost a limb at the battleof Cedar Moimtain; 5. Joseph Madison'i'; 
6. Philip Henry"^, Carrington's Battery, C. S. A., killed at Spottsylvania C. H., 
May 1864. 

Dr. Edmund S. Pendleton'', (Madison", Col. Edmund'', Henry*, John3, 
Henry2, Philipi). ni. 1st. Susan M. Trice, 2nd. Sallie W. Flipps; issue : 1. Mary 
lJiuty«; 2. James MadisouR, d. Jan. 14, 1899; 3. John Henry«, d. March 5, 1900; 4. 
Katherine Kimbrough«; 5. Susie Strachan«; 6. Edmund Littleton^; 7. Edmund 
Strachan Jr«; 8. Littleton Flipps«. 

John Henry Pendleton^, (Dr. Edmund S'^'., Madisor>6, Edmunds, Hen- 
ry*, John3, Henry2, Philipi). ui. Mamie G. Porter; issue : Edmund Barton''. 

Katherine K. Pendleton^, (Dr. Edmund S'^., Madisone, Edmunds, Hen- 
ry*, John3, HenryS, Philipi), m. J. W. Smith, of N. C; issue : Virginia Pendle- 
ton''; John Bellamy!'. 

Susie S. Pendleton^, (Dr. p]dmund S'i'., Madison", Edmunds, Henry*, 
Johns, Henrys, Philipi). m. Edward Dillon, Lexington, Va.; issue: Edward Jr^. 

John B. Pendleton'^^ (Madison", Edmunds, Henry*, John3, Henry'-J, Phil- 
ipi) m. Sallie A. Meredith; issue : Elizabeth B«., m. Dr. Eugene Pendleton, 
issue : John Barret", d., Eugene Barbour^, Lewis^ AiineR. 

Charles Pendleton'!', (Madison", Edmunds, Henry*, John"?, HenryS, Phil- 
ip*), m. Lucy T. Chandler; issue : 1. Madison Strachan^, b. 1876; 2. Thomas 
Chandlers, b. 1878; 3. Elizabeth KimbroughS, b. 1879; 4. Mary Washington^, b. 
1881; 5. Charles Kimbrougli\ b. 1885; 6. Harry Leigh«, b. 1888; 7. Brodie Heru- 
donH,b. 1891. 

William B. PendletonV, (Madison", Edmunds, Henry*, John^, HenryS, 
Philipi). 111. Mrs. Juliana Meredith, (nee) Pendleton; issue: 1. Phil. HenryR, m. 
Charlotte Reid; isssue : Julia and Elizabeth; 2. Alice OR., m. Schuyler Moon; 3. 
Julia MadisonS; 4. Bessie K^; 5. William Barret JrR. 

WiLHA.vt Kimbrough Pendleton", (Col. Edmunds, Henry4, .John^, Hen- 
ry-, Philii)i). Pres. Pethaiiy College, Mem. Constitutional Convention, W. Va., 


1873; (1. iHOf); lu. Ist. 1840, Lavinia Campbell, 3ncl. 1845, Clariiula Campbell, 3r(l. 

1855, Catherine Huntiiigtou Kins; issue : 

1. Alexander C'.; b. 1841; 2. William CV., b.l849, m. Helen K. Austin; issue: 
Austin Campbell, b. 1881; ;5. Clarinda Huntin^tonT, b. Aug. 25, 185fi, m. 1879, 
Joseph Rucker Lamar, of Auf>:usta, Ga.; issue : Philip RuekerS, William Pen- 
dletonH, Miiry»- 4. Huntinf?ton Kings b. 1861, m. 1884, Martha Wellman Pax- 
ton; issue : Katherine Kiug«, b. 1885, Mary Whiteheads, b. 1886, George Pax- 
tonS, b. 1888, Francos Jean«, b. 1889; 5. Philip YanceyT, b. 1863, m. 1893, Ada 
Harvout Lloyd; issue : William Lamar«, b. 1895, Eleanor^, b. 1898; 6. Winston 
Kents 1869. m. 1898, Daisy Bell Watt; issue : Stewart Watt^^; 7. Dwight LymanV, 
b. 1871, m. 1899, Sarah Prewitt. 

JOSKPH K. PKNBLKTOX'i, (Col. Edmund''), Henryi, JohnS, Henry2, Philip'), 
m. Charlotte Harris; issne : 1. Dr. Lewi-sT, m. Mary Kean; 2. JaneV, m. John 
Hunter, Jr.; ;]. HenryT. 

Emzabkth PKM)LKTON<i, (Col. Edmundr.. Henry*, John3, Henry2, Philip!), 
m. Thompson Goodwin; Had Edmund P. Goodwin^, m. Lucy Chiles; issue: 
1. Weir R!^., m. Virgie Chiles; issue: Virginia and Weir Jr.; 2. Rosa Elizabeth"; 
3,Lucy Fendalfi; 4. Edmund P«., m. Beulah Maddox; issue : Inez L., William 
P., Beulah L., Lucy R., and Edward P.; 5. Anna Rhodes«;6. Thompson W.», m. 
Martha Terry; issue : Mary; 7. Feudal". 

Dr. Philip Baruoir PEXDLKTOXfi, (Col. Edmund^, Henry*, John:?, Hen- 
ry2, Philipi). m. Jane Kimbrough Holladay; issue : 1. Madison H"., m. E. Mil- 
dred Davis; 2. Eugene, M. DT., m. Elizabeth B. Pendleton: issue: John«, Eu- 
gene", and Annie"; :!. Louise", m. Rev. L J. Si>encer; issue: Jessie", Gale". Eva" 
and Julia"; 4. Joseph K'., m'. Ida Kaufman; 5. William W"., m. Blanche Craig- 
hill; issue : Philip C"; 6. Ella K"., m. D. S. McCarthy; issue: Jennie", Maria", 
Edith", Dan", and Ella"; 7. Lizzie Ys, m. Percev Thornton; issue: Henry", 
Dan", Flora", Mary"; 8. Philip Barbour Jr7. 

Dr. Joseph W. Pendlkto^-s, (Henry4, John3, HenryS, Phillpi). m. Eliza- 
beth Hawes Goodwin; issue : 1. Maj. Jo.seph Hii., m. Margaret Ewing; 2. John 
06., b. 1829, m. 1851, Annie L. Harris; 8. Mary Bo., b. 18B3, m. 1857, Prof. Chas. 
J. Kemper; issue : Charles, b. 1859, George, b. 1870, Maury, b. 1874, Graham, b. 
1H77; 4. Elizabeth", m. Dr. John Anderson, 1854: issue : Elizabeth and Mattie; 
Mattie, m. John L. Bowles; issue: Elizabeth. John, and A.igustus;5. Lucyti. 

Joseph H. PENDLKTOxf', (Dr. Josephs HeiuM'*, John3, Henry-', Philipi). h. 
1837, d. 1881, m. 1848, Margaret Ewing. Mem. House of Del. Va., 1863. Brev- 
etted Lieut. Colonel C. S. A.; issue : 

1. Josephs b. 1840; 3. John OT., b. 1857; Mem., of Congress from W. Va., 18S9-90; 
3. Henry HT., b. 1853, Consul to Southampton, Eng., 1887-89, Assist. Attv. Gen. 
W. Va.; 4. Elizabeth WT., b. 1855; 5. Ida ET., b. 1858, m. 1870, Frank P. Jepson; 
issue: Evelyn"; 6. Virginia CV., b. 1861. m. 1888, Andrew U. Wilson; issue : John 
P^»jJJ^^<^on»; 7. Margaret J"., b. 1866, m. 1893 Geo. S. Hughes; issue : John Pen- 

JOHN B. PendletonO, (Dr. Joseph^., Henry*, John3, Henry2, Philipi). 1). 
1829, m. 1851, Annie L. Harris; issue: 1. SarahT, b. 1852: 2. JohnT, b. 1861, m. 
1883, Corrinne M. Davis; issue : Ednumd C«., Annie L"., Ida 1)"., Henry H"., 
David M"., John S"., and Philip) D".; 3. Barbara^, b. 1864, m. 1890, John" Moo- 

Thomas M. Pexuletox^ (Henry*, Jolnvi, Henrv-', Philipi). m. Miss Jack- 
son; issue : William J"., and Elisha<i. 

Dr. William Jas. PEM)LETOAr,^(Henry*, Jolnvi, Henryi, Philipi). i,. i.soji^ 
d. 1872 m. 1831, Catherine M. Harris; issue : 1. Dr. David H.*«, b. 1832, d. 1859, m.' 
185.5, Juliana Hunter; issue : 1. Hunter, A M. Ph D. (Gottengen) m. Louise 
White; issue : Nancy Lewis Ilillah; 2. Fred H*!.; 3. Juliana'!, m. Wm. Meredith; 


issue: Kate, Lottie, Williaiu; ni. '2ik1. William B. Pendleton; .">. Alice'i, b. 184;^., 
d. 1877, m. 1860, Waller Overton; issue ; Kate", b. 1871, SusanV, b. 1874, and Wil- 
lianiT, b. 1876. 

Matilda W. Pendlktox^, (Henry^, John3, Henry2, Philipi). b. 1792, d. 18- 
40. ni. 1810, P. Strachan Barret; issue : 1. Alexander B6; b. 1811, d. 1861, m. 18- 
o6, Juliana Harris, issue: Alexandei-', m. Emma E. Chinnoek; issue ; Lily«, Cecily 
VirofiniaS, m. Theodore K. Gibbs: 2. John HenryC; 3. Mary6, m. Samuel Mallo- 
ry; issue : John B., Sarah Elizabeth, m. Wilson; 4. Sarah«, m. 1841, Wal- 
ler Holladay; 5. William Thomas^; 6. Caroline*>; 7. LucyH. 

Sarah Strachax BARRKTf>, (Matilda'>. Henry4, John^^ Henry2, Philipi). 
ni. Waller Holladay; issue : 1. Mary", ni. 18(>2, H. Fitzhuf^h Dade; issue: Fitz- 
hugh><. Barret^*, Waller**, Jessie^ Lelia^ Albert**; 2. Mattie", m 1882, Miles H. 
Gardner; issue : Sarah**; 3. Louisa", b. 184o, m. Wm. H. McCarthy; issue : 
Frank**, A^nes**; 4. Frederick", b. 1847, Mem. House of Delegates. Va.. 18,>>6, m. 
1st. Janet Garrett, 2nd Fannie Garrett; issue : Garrett**, Waller**, Frederick**, 
Sallied, Maxwell**, and Lizzie^. 

JoHX B. Mallory", (Mary A. Barrete, Matilda W^., Henry*, John3, Hen- 
rys, Philipi). ui. Sallie Glass; issue : 1. Robert^, m. Lockie White; issue: Holla- 
day; 2. MaryS, m. H. F. Dade Jr.; 3. John**; 4. SamueR 

Mary Holladay", (Sarah K. Barret", Matilga W5., Henry*, John3, Hen- 
ry'-. Philij)!). m. H. F. Dade; issue: 1. Henry Fitzhuffh**, m. Mary Mallory; 2. 
Waller HolladayS, m. 1st. Blanche Farra, 2nd. Eliz. Rhodehainel; issue: Anna 
Belle^; 3. Jessie Conway**, m. E. D. Scrojirin; issue : Blanche^. 

JoHX Hkxry Barrkt**, (Matilda W-">., Henry*, John-i, Henry^, Philipi). ni. 
Susan Rankin; issue : John Henry", Jas. Rankin", Susan". 

William Thomas Barket*>. (Matilda W^., Henry* John3, Henry2, Phil- 
ipi). m. Elizabeth Towles; issue : Thoiuas", Strachan", Betty", Alexander". 

Sarah Madisox Pkxdlktox^ (Henry*, John^, Henry^, Philipi). m. Philip 
B. Winston; i.ssue : William Overton«, Bickerton Lfi., John R6., Philip^, Barl)a- 
rat^. Edmund Thomas'>, Joseph Pendleton'', and O. M". 

Fkaxcks SAMrKi>A Pkxdlktox'>, (Henry*, John'^, Henr^v^, Philipi). ui. W. 
M. Tompkin; issue: Pendleton'', Alexander", John", Josejjh Bickerton". 

Barbara. rtvKR'i'ox Pkxdj,ktox-">, (Henry*, John^, Henry-, Philipi). m. 
William H. Phillips; issue: 1. Sarah Eliz"., m. 1st. B. F. Trice. 2nd. C. C. Bran.- 

ford; 2. Dr. William H".. 1). 1819. d. 1884; 3. Catherine J"., 1). 1826, m. Kyle; 

4. Joseph Pendleton", b. 1828, d. 18S2; 5. Richard S"., b. 1830, d. 1856. m. M. E. 
Christian : 2 children; (>. Patty P"., b. 1833, m. Dr. John G. Boatwri^ht. 

Johx Hexry'Barrkt", (John H. Barret", Matilda W">., Henry*. John-!, 
HenryS; Philipi). ni. Henrietta Oflfitt: issue : 1. Mary**, m. Jas. Heddino: issue : J. 
jiarret Spencer^; 2. Auffusta**, m. fi^arl Carley; issue : John Barref^. 

Ja8. Raxkix Barrkt". (John H. Barret". Matilda W"-.. Henry*. John-i, 
Henry-, Philip'), m. Lucy Stiles; issue : Henry**, Susan**. 

Sksax Barrkt', (John H. Barret", Matilda W='>., Henry*. John^, Henry-, 
Philipi). 111. Jas. Rankin; issue : Susan**. Ewinj;:**. 

Thomas F. Barrkt^, (Thomas Barret", Matilda W">.. Henry*. John-', 
Henry-. Philipi). ni. (Jlara Priuf^le; issue: 2 song and 3 daughters. 

Strachax Barrkt". (William Thomas Barret", Matilda W">., Henry*. 
John-'. Henry-, Philipi.) m. Marj^aret Rudy; issue: 4 sons. 

Elizabeth Barrkt", (Wm. Thomas Barret", Matilda W'>.. Henry*. John-t, 
Henry*. Philipi). m. Fred. Eldi-id^e. 


Was the lifth son of Henry Pendleton and Mary Taylor. His father died 
before his birth. The followin<; sketch of him is taken from Appletou's Ency- 
clopedia of American Biography : 

] 00 

"Ediimnd Pemlleton, stjitesinnn, was Ixn-u in Caroliiio ('<miity, Va. 9th 
iSejjf., 1721. His Ki'aiulfather, rhilip, (U'sceiided from Peiulletoii, of Manches- 
ter, Lancaster county, England, came from Norwicli, En^., to this country in 
l'>74. Edmund ))e^an liis career in tlie Clerk's office of Caroline county. He 
was licensed to practice law in 1744; became County Justice in 1751, and the fol- 
lowing;- year was elected to the House of Burgesses. In 1764 was one of the 
Committee to memorialize the King. During the session of 1766, he gave the 
opinion 'that the stamp act was void, for want of Constitutional authority in 
Parliament to pass it,' and voted in the affirmative on the resolution that the 
'act did not bind the inhabitants of Virginia.' He was one of the Comnuttee 
of (correspondence in 1763; County Lieutenant of Caroline in 1774. A member 
of the colonial convention, of the latter year, was consequent on the Bos- 
ton Port Bill, and was chosen by that body to the first Continental Congress. 
Accordingly, in com{)any with (reorge Washington, Peyton Randolph. Patrick 
Henry, Benjamin Harrison, and Richard Henry Lee, he attended in Philadel- 
phia in 1774. As President of Virginia Convention, he was at the head of the 
government of the Colony from 1715 until the creation of the Virginia consti- 
tution in 1776, and was appointed President of the Committee of Safety in that 
year. In May, 1776, he presided again over the convention, and drew up the 
celebrated resolutions, by which the delegates from Virginia were instructed 
to pro[K)se a declaration of independence in Congress, using the words that 
were afterwards incorporated almost verbatim with the Declaration. As the 
leader of the Cavalier or Planter class, he was the opponent of Patrick Henry, 
and as leader of the Committer of Public Safety, he was active in the control 
of the military and naval operations, and of the foreign correspondence of V\r- 
ginia. On the organization of the State (iovernment, he was chosen Speaker 
of the House, and appointed, with Chancellor George Wythe and Thomas 
Jefferson, to revise the Colonial laws. In 1777, he was crippled for life by a fall 
from his horse; but the same year he was re-elected Speaker of the House of 
Burgesses, and President of the Court of Chancery. In 1779, he became Pres- 
ident of the Court of Appeals, holding the office until his death. He presided 
over the State Convention, which i-atified the Constitution of the United States 
ill 178S. His masterly advocacy of the document gained him the encomium 
from Jefferson that 'taken all in all, he was the al>lest man in debate that i 
ever met with.' He received very large grants of land from the State, and 
haviiig no children, was ever generous to his nieces and nephews, whose de- 
scendants still hold his memory in tender veneration. He married twice— 1st. 
Eliza))eth Roy, 2nd. Sarah Pollard. He died in 1808." 

Jon\ PKXDLETOxi, (Philipi). m. Tinsley. Had son William:?, whose 

will, probated in Amhel-st county, gives th,e following children by name [this 
correction is made by the authority of a descendant of Edmund, the 4th son, 
who has a copy of the will of William, dated 1775.]: 

1. Benjamin's emigrated after Rev. War to Kentucky; 2. Isaac*, emigrate(l 
after Rev. War to Kentucky; :!. John*, emigrated after Rev. War to Kentucky; 
4. Edinandi, emigrated to Tenne.'^see; issue : BenjaminX eihigrated to Alissouri , 
and liad Kdmund<>, moved to Texas, having George C. Pendleton", Helton, Tex- 
as; 5. Richard*, m. Tinsley, his first cousin; issue: William'>, Betty •'>, 

Lucy'', Sarah''>, James"), Pauline'>, Reul)en;'«, J^olly'), Richard''*, Henry">; 6. Reu- 
ben*, m. Ann (iarland, of Amherst; 7. Jamesi, lu. Rucker; 8. William*; 9. 

I^jlly*, m. Whitten; 10. Sarah*, m. Mahoiie; 11. Frances*, m. 

Camden; 12. Betty*, m. Baldock; l;}. Margaret*, m. Miles. 

Rkuhkx PKXiihKTON'i, (William^!, John-', Phili|)i). m. Ann (Tarland; issue : 
1. William <Tarland'"«, (;ierk of Richmond (Jhancery Court, Register of State 
Land Office, 1814-2:!, niember of State Council, Proctor of Vu\. of Va: 2. James 


S-'i., 111. Aldridge, of Amherst county, d. in California, 1851; 8. NaneyS, m. 

Capt. Ware; 4. Sophia">, m. Powell; 5. PollyS, m. 1st. Wills, 2nd. 

Seay, 3rd. Nowlin; 6. Eliza^ ni. Walter Scott; 7. Jane'', m. — \Crow; 

8. Martha">, ui. 1st. Lucas, 2nd. Stovall; 9. Frances">, m. Htavles; 

10. Harriet"'; 11. Micajah'"', M. D., b. 1796, d. 1801. M. D. decree from U. of N«w 
York, 181 (), U. of J'enn. 1819, m. 1822, LoulSirjUrnrDiTvls, b. 1800, d. 1840, tjreaK 

grandau<?hter of Robert and (Hujj:hes) Davis, who settled in Amherst 

about 1720 upon a tract of land numbering 10,000 acres. Theu" descendants by 
marriafje are connected with the Beverleys, Dudleys, Raj^lands, Burks, Ellises, 
and other prominent Virginia familes. Micajah Pendleton m. 2nd. 1844, Mary 
Ann Cooper. 

William CtARlaxd Pkxdlkton-', (Reubeni, William^?, John-, Philip^), m. 
Mary Gr. Alexander; issue : 1. Alexander'', officer in the National Observatory; 
2. Stephen Tayloi-i', Principal of High School, Richmond, Va.; 3. Douglasii, en- 
gineer; 4. MaryU, m. Hightower; o. ElizaO, m. Reid. 

James Sheperd Pexdletox5, (Reubent, Williams, John3. Philipi). m. 

Aldridg*^; issue : 1. Robert^, Clerk of Amherst county; 2. James Sheperd<>, m.- 
Mills, of Richmond; 3. Nanceyfj, m. William H. Rose. 

Macajah Pexdletox'', (Reuben*, William^, John^, Philipi). m. 1st. Louisa 
Jane Davis, 2nd. Mary Ann Cooper; issue : 1. Edmand6, m. Cornelia Morgan, of 
Cincinati, ()., (now living at Buchanan, Botetourt county, Va); issue: Wil- 
liam W"., Lizzie C'., and E. Morgan"; 2. Ann (Tarland", m. Lewis Bougli, of 

Amherst county; issue : Cornelia P"., m.- Clarke, of Ga., Louisa Jane", 

Virginia Grove", Alice Dudley", Nannie Lewis"; 3. James Dudley", (M. D.) As- 
sistant Clerk Va. Senate, m. Clara Pulliam, dan. of William Rock, of Buch- 
anan county; issue: William D"., R. f^dinund D".; issue of Macajah and Mary 
Ann Cooper 1. Williamt>, 2. Charles^, 3. Elizabeth", 4. Walter", 5. Louisa". 

Philip Pendleton^, (Philipi). m. Elizabeth Pollard: issue : 1. Benjamins, 
m. Mary Macon; 2. Daughters. 

Ben-jamin PendletonS, (Philips, l*hilipi). m. Mary Macon; issue : 1. Jas*.. 
(Officer in Rev. Army.); 2. Philii)i. from whom the Pendletons of King and 
Queen county are descended: 3. Dau*., m,-- Holmes. 

Elizabeth Pexdlktox-, (Philipi). m. Samuel Clayton, of Caroline coun- 
ty; issue : 1. Major Philip-5. of "Catalpa", m. Ann Coleman; issue : Maj. Philip*, 
of Rev. Army, Lucyi, m. William Williams, Susan*, m. Col. James Slaughter, 

Dau*., m. her first cousin, Nathaniel Pendleton, Dau*., m. Crittenden; 2. 

NancV'S, m. Jeremiah Strother. 

Lucy Clayton*, (Philij) (Clayton)S, Elizabeth-', Philipi). m. William Wil- 
liams; issue : 1. Lucy-5, m. William Grreen, having one child. Judge John W. 
Green", of the Va. Court of Appeals (see Green genealogy); 2. John3, m. Miss 
Kite (see Williams genealogy); 3. Gen. JamesS, m. Eleanor Green (see Williams 

and Green genealogy); 4. Philip'', and f). Williamsi, m. Croutson and 

Burwell, respectively (see Williams genealogy); 0. Maryi>, m. John Stevens, son 
of Gen. Edward Stevens, and died childless. 

Isabella I^exdletox-, (Phili[)i). m Richard Thomas; issue : 1. MaryS, m. 
Thomas Barbour and liad Gov. James and Judge Philij) Barl)our; 2. Cather- 
ineS, m. Aml)rose Barbour; issue : sevei-al sons. 

Ca'I'HERIXK I'exdle'I'ox"', (Philipi). ni. John Taylor, son of James T;iylor. 
of Carlisle. Eng. issue: 1. Edmund-i, m. Annie Lewis; 2. John-', m. Miss Lynne; 
:{. JamesS, ui. Anne Pollard; 4. Philip-i, m. Mary Walker; o. William-', m. Miss 
Anderson; 0. Joseph-', m. Frances Anderson; 7. Mary-', m. Rol)ert Penn; issue : 
Gabriel*; 8. Catherine^, m. Moses Pen n; issue : John*, one of the "Signers''; 9. 
Isabella^, m. Saninel HojikiTis; 10. Elizal)eth'>, m. Ist.^ Lewis, 2nd. Bul- 


[By (Teorjre M. Williams.] 

Tlie Williams family of ('ulpeper are descendants of Peere Williams, of 
J>ondon, Banister at Law, and author of Reports of Decisions in the English 
Courts of his day. 

Tliree brothers, James, John, and Otho, ensijirated tofj:ether about the 
year of 1(598, and landed at the mouth of the Rappahannock River. They as- 
cended the river and when they reached the Falls, where Fredericksburf? now 
is. they separated. James went to Maryland, John remained, and Otho went 
to North Carolina. 

Johni m. a Miss Dixon, who, according to the family tradition, was of the 
same family ais Roger Di.xon, tlie first Clerk of Clulpeper county— He had two 
children . William-' and John^i. William- m. Lucy Clayton, dau. of Major 
IMiilip Clayton, ''(Jatalpa,"' and had eight children : 1. John^, who was a Ma- 
jor in the Revolution: 2. James:i. who was a Captain in the Revolution and 
(ifeneral m the war of 1H12, m. Eleanor frreen; 8. Philiivi; 4. William Glio. Marv*, 
.m. John Stevens, son of Gen. Stevens, hut had no children; (i. Lucy'i, m. Wil- 
liam Green; 7. SasannahS, died unmarried; «. Isabelle^, died unmarried. 

John-', tlie second son of Johni, m. Mary Pendleton, and died leaving no 
children. / 

Johns, the oldest son of William-', m. Miss Hite and had three children : 1. 

Isaac H+: 2. John G*; 'A. Ellen+. 

Isaac H*. was a distinguishsd lawyer, and m. Lucy Slaughter, dau. of 
Capt. Philip Slaughter (see Slaughter genealogy), and hacl seven children : 1. 
Oi)helia'>; 2. P. French">; 8. Eleanor^; 4. Isaac H^., died unmarried; 5. Eliza"), 
died unmarried; (5. John James'i; 7. Lucy Ann-'i. 

Ophelia'' m. Rev. George A. Smith, of Alexandria, and had seven children: 
1. Isaacti, who never married; 2. George Hugh*i, (jolonel in Confederate service; 
:'.. Mrs. Dunbar Brookei'; 4. Elixa^ who m. Mr. Corse, of Alexandria; 5. Henry"; 
(>. Eleanor"; 7. Belle*'. 

P. French=">, the second daughter of Isaac H^., m. John M. Patton, one of 
the ablest lav/yers of his day, for eight years a member of Congress, and had 
nine children : 1. Robert W" , who died unmarried; 3. John M»>.; 3. Isaac W".; 4. 
(Tcorge S«.; 5. W. Tazewell"; (!. Eliza"; 7. James French": S. Hugh Mercer"; I). 
William M". 

Eleanor:'', the daughter of Isaac H^., m. Dr. Hite, of Amherst County, and 
had five children : 1. Isaac"; 2. Edmund"; :>. Fontaine*'; 4. Maury"; 5. Eliza''. 

John James'', son of Isaac H+., m. Miss Thompson, and had three children : 

1. Prank"; 2. Henry"; 3. Thornton*;. 

John (t+., the second son of John-', the son of William^, m. Mary Tutt and ha«l 
two children : 1. Mary Stevens='>; 2. John G. Jr''. Mary Stevens'' m. Henry 
Porter, and had several children. John G"'. m. Miss Mason, and had two chil- 
dren: a son and daughter living in (iiles county, N'irginia. 

Ellen^, the daughter of John-', the son of William-, m. Nimrod Long, and 
had three children : 1. Daughter'', who ni. Mr. Turner— ,She was the mother of 
Judge R. H. Turner", of the Winchester Circuit, and of S. S. Turner", member 
of Congress; 2. Daughteri"', who m. Mr. I x)ve ll, and had one child, John T*'.. 
who was Judge of Warren county; 8. John">, who left no children. 

James"!, tlie second son of William-, m. 1st. Eleanor (ireen, and had three 
children : 1. Wiliiam+; 2. Janiesl: H. Sarah*. He m. 2iid. Elizabeth Bruce, and 
had six children : 1. Fanny Bi; 2. Cliaries H^.: o. WilliMiii H+: 4. Lucy AinW; .""). 
Philip^; (!. Elizabeth^. 

William* m. Anne Stubblelield, and had uino children : L Anne"' and 

2. Ellen^'' (twins); ;!. Janics^"'; 4. Sally-'': ."). Fanny''; (!. William-"'; 7. George S-">.; s. 

CliaileK B. Jr"'.; 9. Lucy">. Of these, Aiine-' m. Dr. Alfred Taliaferro, and had 
six children : 1. Ellen GrreenC; 2. Susan Conway"; 3. Anne", 4 . Georgianna6; 5. 
Williamt»; 6. Alice". Ellen'">, one of the twins, m. Ennis Adams, of New York, 
and died witliout children. James'', the oldest son, m. Rosalie Fitzhiiffh^ and 
had four children : 1. William F"; 2. Charles B6; 8. Thomas"; 4. James G«. ^"■-— ___ 

Sallyj, the 8rd. daujjfhter, m. Edwin S. Taliaferro, and had one child : Sal- n J '^ 
lyfi, who m. Ja,mes Vass, and had three children. i'-^^--'Ju V'''ni/:.'-'' \ - i'i.i . r ^^^ 

Fanny'>, the 4th. dauj^hter, m. Joseph Pannill, and had seven children : 1. 
Lucy", 3. William", B. George", 4. SaTTTe"75y John", 6. Susan", 7. Fanny". 

Williams, tlie second son of William*, m. Fanny Pannill, the sister of Jos- 
eph, and had two children : 1. William"; 2. Lucy". He was married three 
times, but had no children by his second or third wife. 

George 8=''., the 8rd. son of William*, moved to Kentucky; was married 
and had children. 

Charles B'^., the 4th son of William*, died unmarried. 

Lucy Ann'j, the 5th daughter of William*, m. Thomas Fitzhugh, and had 
four children : 1. Sally Roanet*; 2. Parke"; o. William"; 4. Nannie". Sally Roane" 

m. O'Mohundro, left no children; Parke" m. Miss Wrekham, and had one 

child, William'; Nannie" m. Wash. Peace. 

William F. Williams" m. Margaret N. W«alker, and had James A"., Ellen 
N"., Rosalie F'., Margaret Bruce", and Lucy /Ann". 

Charles Bruce Williams" hi. Kate Danie/, and had Inez", Celeste", Alpheua", 
Chas. Bruces Bernard", and T^ucile". )i-Ci i/- ■ 

James Green Williams" m. j£ssie'Wood, and had Annie Bell", MaryV and 
James M". 

James*, the son of James-^, died unmarried. 

Sarah*, the 1st daughter of Jameso, m. George F. Strother, and had one 
child, James French5. (See Strother genealogy). 

Fanny B*.. the 2nd. daughter of James3, m. Fayette Ball, son of Col. Bur- 
gess Ball, who was a cousin of General Washington, and who m. a daughter 
of General Washington's brother, Charles. She left no children. 

Charles B*., the 8rd son of James3, m. Ann M. Hackley, and had eight chil- 
dren : 1. Ann Eliza='>, who died in childhood; 2. FannyS, who m. E. S. Taliafer- 

ry (l)eing his second wife) and had three children : ", Alfred" and James"; 

3. James Edward'"', m. Miss Harrison, but had no children; 4. Finella"*, died un- 
married; 5. Bessie'"', m. George H Reid, and had two children; 0. Janet Bruce-'', 
m. Wm. S. Hill, l)ut ha<l no children; 7. Harriet'"', m. C. I). Hill, and had one 
child, a daughter; 8. Charles U'"'., a prominent lawyer in Richmond, m. xMiss 
Davenport and had five children. 

William B*., the second son of Janies-5, l)y his second wife, in. Miss Pate, but 
left no children. 

Lucy Ann*, the second daughter of James'M)y his second wife, m. John S. 
Pendleton, the brilliant orator of (^ulioeper, but had no children. 

Philip*, the ;^rd son of James-5 by his second wife, m. Mildred Catlett, and 
had six children : 1. Jamesa, who died in childhood; 2. Betty Bruce^, who nev- 
er married; 3. Robert^. Brigadier and Adjt. Gen., U. S. Army, m. Mrs. Douglas, 
widow of Senator Stephen A. Douglas and had six children : Robert", m. Miss 
Yoe, of Chicago, ?]llen", m. Bryson Patton, Lieut. U. S. Navy, Philip", m. Miss 
Harrison. Adele", James" and Mildred"; 4. Anne'"', who died in childhood; 5. 
George M'"'., m. Miss (t. S. Long, of Baltimore, and had twelve children : L 
Elizabeth", m. T. Clifford Stark; II. Lucy Pendleton", m. Edwin S. Slaughter; 
in. Mildred B"., IV. Ellis B".. V. Helen V".. VI. John S. P"., VII. George P"., 
VIII. Mary J"., IX. Gertrude M"., X. Bettie B"., XI. Pendleton L"., XII. Anne 
Harvev"; (1. Liicv ]\Iarv", who died in childhood. 


Eiizab*th S'.^the 3rtl dau{,'l»ter of Jaines-i, by liis second wife, in. Dr. (jeovge 
Morton and had ei-rht children : 1. William J'>., who died unmarried; 2. Geo. 
P=>., who died unmarried; ■i. Lucy P'>., who m. John Cooke (rreen, for twenty 
years ("onnnonwoaitir.s Attorney for Culi)e))er county, and a distiiiKninhed 
lawyer (see (xi-een fjrenealo<;y); 4. .Iereniiali-'>. wIkj m. Cliarlotte Turner; 5. ('lias. 
B=>., who m. MJss Dickin.son; (i. John P''., who died unmarried; 7. Thomas ]>">., 
who in. Sally Pannill; and 8, James "\V'>., member of the Letfislature and Jndpre 
af Oi'anj^^e county, in. Miss Harper. 

Jereiuiahf>, who m. Miss Turner, had six children •. 1. Fenton", who m. Mr. 
Pejarnette; 2. Bessie's who m. Mi. Marshall; -i. Lucy": 4. Wallace"; 5. Kate"; and 
U. Jeremiahfi. 

Charles B5., who m. Miss Dickinson, had one child : Rev. W. J. Morton''. 

Thomas Di.. who m. Sally Pannill. had three children : 1. Thomas"; 2. 
James"; 8. Fanny Bruce". 

James W"'.. who m. Miss Hari)er, had five chihh'en : I.Walton"; 2. (ie<)ry:<>"; 
ii. Jackson"; 4. Caroline"; and 5. .las. Williams". 

Lncy'"^, the oldest daui^hter of William-, m. William (ireen, son of (Jol. 
John (rreen, of the Revolution, and had one child, John Williams*, who was 
Jud}?- of Court of Appeals, (see (rreen j^enealo^-y). 

Philip-'J, the 3rd son of William-, moveil to Shenandoiih <!Ounty, of wliich 
he wixs clerk for fifty years, and married Miss Croutson. He had seven chil- 
di*en : 1. I^ucyi, m. ('apt. A. P. Hill, and had no children; 2. Philip*; 3. Sarah*, 
m. Col. Travis Twj^man, and had no children; 4.; ">. Samuel C*.; (5. 
Mary*; 7. Pollen*. 

Philipi, m. Miss Kite, 2nd. Miss Dunbar. By iiis first wife he had two 
children : 1. Dr. Philip C'>., of Baltimore, who m. Miss Whitridiie, and had 
four children : L John W"; II. T. Dudley"; III. W. >Vliitrid,--e"; IV. a Daufi'ter"; 
2. Aniie'>, who m. Jvidfje T. T. Fauntleroy, and had one child, Philip". By his 
second wife Philip*, had six children : 1. Mary L. D">; 3. John J^; 3. Philipa'"'; 4. 
T. (Uayton"'; 5. Sally'J; 6. Lucy5. 

Mary L. l>">., m. Rev. James B. Avirett and liai two children : John W".. 
and P. W". 

•lohn ,Vk, m. Miss (irray and has several children. 

James*, the second son of I^hilijvi, m. Miss Ott, and had one child; athauf^h- 
tcr, who m. Mr. Miller. 

Samuel (H., the 8rd son of Philip-i, m. Miss OtlaVid, and had six children : L 
James H'>., a prominent lawyer of Woodstock; 2. Samuel (y. Jr''.; 3. William''; 
4. Lucy'>, who ui. Juil^e Lovell, of Warren county;.'). Betty-\ who m. Thomas 
Marshall, of Fauquier; aiuTlT. A daujzfhter. who m. L. Wajiner, ot Richmond. 

Mary*. dau}j:liter of i'hilip^J, m. Dr. I\Iaf>ruder, of Woodstock, and had sev- 
eral childn'n. 

Ellen*, daufj-hter of Philip', m. Rev. Dr. Boyd, and had three children ; 1. 
Holmes"', prominent lawyer of Winchester; 2. Philip W'"'., merchant of Win- 
chester; 3. Hunter"', Jud^e of District Court in Maryland. 
■^' William C-l, the 4th son of Williaui", m. Alice Burwell, of (Jloucester coun- 
ty, and had three children : 1. John (t*.;2. Lewis B*.; 3. Lucy*. 

John G*., in. Miss Crin^an, of Richmond, and had six children : 1. Williani 
Clayton"'. 2. John J K'.; 3. Channinj;-"'; 4. Mary O^ilvie"'; .">. Robert F': and C. 

Lewis B'., second son of William ('•!., married three times; 1st. Mary Cat- 
lett, 2nd. Charlotte Blair, 3rd. Mrs. O'Bannon. By his first wife he had ei^lit 
children, i)y his 2iul. and ;>rd. none. His <'hildren were : 1. Wm. iTrym^'s"', 
•Ind^v of Oranj^e county and a member of the Let?islature; 2. Lewis B. .Ir">.; 3. 
Mary Blair'-; *. (Jharles"'; ■"». Mildred"'; C. Alice"'; 7. John 'i''; and H. Anne''. 


William (frymes-'', m Roberta Hansborou<<h, and has five children : 1. Rich- 
ard C«.; 3. Win. Clayton"; 3. Lewis B«.; 4. Be88ie«; and 5. Samuel". 

Lewis B">., was Colonel of the 1st. Va. Regiment in the Civil War, and was 
killed in Pickett's famous eharfje at Gettsyburg. He was never married. 

Mary Blair'i, m. Mr. Leigh and has several children : 1. Charles", died un- 
married; 2. Mildred", m. R. S. Booton, of Madison, and has eight children : 
Lucys Richard", Susan", Lewis", Kate", William", Ahce", and Greorge". 

Lucy+, the daughter of William (J-l, in. J. A. Smith, cashier for many years 
of FreedmaiTs Bank of Virginia, and had one son, Bathurst'>, who lives in Tenn. 



Among the men of Culpeper who deserve commemoration is General 
Ambrose Powell Hill (one of Jackson's favorite lieutenants), who illustrated 
his knightly prowess on many a battle-field, sealing his patriotism at last with 
the blood of martyrdom. He was the son of the late Major Thomas Hill, and 
a lineal descendant of Capt. Ambrose Powell, the old vestryman of Bromfield 
Parish, Culpeper, in 1752. 


There lies before me a patent for land in the South Fork of the Ciourdvine 
River, from Lord Fairfax, proprietor of the Northern Neck, to John Brown ; 
he paying every year the free rent of one shilling sterling for every 50 acres, 
on the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel. It is dated 23d June, in the 30th 
year of our Sovereign Lord George II., 1:)y the grace of God King of Great 
.Britain. France and Ireland, and Defender of the Faith, A. D. 1749. 

(Signed) FAIRFAX. 

This land was surveyed by Major Philip Clayton, and it adjoins the land 
of Thomas Howison and Wm. Brown. It appears in the vestry-book that 
Daniel Brown Wiis sheriff and collector of the parish levy. Coleman Brown 
was clerk and lay reader in the church. Thomas Brown was undertaker of a 
chapel in the Little Fork ; and Capt. Wm. Brown was the contractor for an 
addition to Buck Run (Uiurcli. These are the ancestors of the late Ariii- 
istead and Daniel Brown and their families. 

MKnicAi. Mkx IX (Jri.vEPKR Before the REVoiiKTiox. 

The vestries having charge of the poor, boarded them among the planters, 
and furnished them with medical attention. The first physician employed by 
the vestries, as early as 1734, was Dr. Andrew Craig, then Dr. Thomas Howi- 
son, then Dr. Jam^s Gibbs, and in 1755 Dr. Michael Wallace, ancestor of the 
Winstons now living in (Julpeper, and of the W^allaces of Fredericksburg and 
Stafford C'ounty. Dr. Michael Wallace was born in Scotland, and ajjprenticed 
in his youth at Glascow to Dr. Gustavus Brown, of Port Tobacco, Maryland, 
to learn medicine. The indenture is now in the possession of one of his de- 
scendants in Kentucky. That seems to have biHMi the way (before medical 
schools) to make a doctor. 



Lawyers who served as counsel to the vestries of St. Mark's were : 1st. 
Zachary Lewis 1781 to 1750. 3d. John Mercer 1752, 'M. John Lewis 1754, and 
lastly, Gabriel Jones, the en)inent "Valley l^awyer." who married Miss Strother 
of Stafford County, sister of Mrs Madison, the mother of Bishop Madison. The 
l)resent Strother Jones of Frederick is the j^reat-^randson of (irabriel Jones the 
lawyer. Mercer was the author of Mercer's Abridgement of tlie Laws of Vir- 
ginia. He was the father of Judf>e James Mercer, of Ch. Fenton Mercer, and 
of Jolin F. Mercer, Cxovernor of Maryland. 


The lirst town, by Act of Assembly, was Fairfax in 1759. The name lias 
unhappily been changed to Culpeper. A-<'ter the Revolution there was a fti- 
rore for towns, undfM* tlie inipi-fssion that they wouhl <l?"i\v meclianics and 
increase tr;i(le. 


Was established in 1782, on 50 acres of land where William Bradley then 
lived. French Strother, B. Davenport, Rol)ert Slauj^rhter, Robert Pollard, and 
Richard Waugh were the lirst Trustees, all vestrymen but one. In 1799 the 
Academy was established by Act of Assembly, and its first Trustees were' 
Robert Slaug'hter, Charles Carter, David Jameson, R. Zimmei-man, Wm. Gray, 
(iabriel Gray, Philij) Latham and William ('. Williams. 


In 1798, 25 acres of James Baysy's land vested in Thomas Spilman, Henry 
Pendleton. Jr., By waters and Reid. 


On 25 acres of Joseph (Joons' laud, vested in John Fish back, Thomas Spil- 
man, John Spilman, Thomas aiul Robert Freeman, P. Latham, F. Payne, F. 
F. Fer^iirson and John Dillard.*^ 


On 25 acres of John Spilman's laud, vested in John and Thomas Spilman, 
and Messrs. Matthews, Fletcher and Tapp. (Jlerksburji:, Jefferson and Sprin^- 
lield are in the Little Fork. They yet survive, but have not realized.tlie antici- 
pations of their founders, whose names we have reproduced above. 


It will be news to some that we have a Jamestown in (,'ulpei)er. 25 acres 
of land were set afjart by the (Tcneral Assembly to be called Jamestown, and 
Gabriel (xreen, A. Haynie, and Messrs. Grant, Corbin and Howe were Trustees 
to lay it off into convenient lots and streets. Who will recofrnize in James- 
town our modest James City '! 


The iirevailini"' oi)inion that our colonial churches were built of imported 
l)ri(^k is an error. As to those in the interior of the country, the transporta- 
tion of the brick was an insuperable obstacle. It is possible that a few of the 
churches on tidewater luay have been made of imported brick, but as to many 
of these there are unquestionable traces of brick-kilns very near them, in some 
cases within the churchyard. The following bill show that bricks were made 
even at Williamsburg as early as 170S : 

Hknijy CaI{Y i the Council, 1708. 

15(1 loudsof wood at 12s— 1() 7 0. 

Mouidiniiand hurniufi- 70,009 bricks at ;!s. (id. per M. 

i ial)()rt'rs work resettinii' ;ind biiiMiin;^' ;is. ;?<1. 


The names of the old vestrymen will all be found in order in the text. The 
followinfi- is an imperfect enumeration of the successors : — The last vestry un- 
der the old rejjime (1T85) was composed of the following ])erson8, viz. Fr ench 
Strot jier, Sam. Clayton, Rd. Yancey, AVilliam Ball, J ames Pendleton, Burkett 
l5avenport, Cadwallader Slaughter, Lawrence Slaughter, James Slaughter. 
Then followed P. R. Thompson, P. Slaughter, Jno. Jameson, Rt. Slauj^hter, 
David Jameson, Gr. Jones, Wigginton, Wm. Broadus. Rd. Payne, Rt. Freeman, 
Thomas Freeman, John Spilmah, Thos. Spilman, PeTerTRansbrough , Isaac 
Winston, Waller Winston, Samuel Slaughter. John Thom, Ct^o Fllzhugh, Jno. 
Wharton, AV. Williams, Fayette Mauzy, Dr. Thos,^Bai-l)Our, Rt. A. Thqinpspn, 
P. Slaughter, Jr.. James Parish, Moses Crreen, Spilman, Rd. Randolph, Wm. 
Payne, S. R. Bradford, Garland Thompson, John Cooke Green, Wm. B. 
Slaughter, Dr. A. Taliaiei-xOr Rd . Cunningham, T. S. Alcocke, S. S. Bradford, 
Frank Lightfoot. Jere. Morton, Geo Morton, P. P. Ts'^alle, Jno. Knox, Down- 
man, Dr. Hugh Hamilton, John Porter, Rt. Stringfellow, Jas. W. Green, Jas. 
AViliiams, L. P. Nelson, Thos. Freeman, Geo. Hamilton, Wallace Nall.e,. Martin 
Stringfellow, S. Waliis, F. B. Nalle, Rt. Davis, A. G^T^liaferro, C. C. Conway 
P. B Jones, Jr., Rt. Maupih7JrTV~Alexander, Jos. Wilmer, Jr., Dr. Payne, 
Wm, S. Peyton, E. Keerl, Burrows, J. W. Morton, Jas. Crawford, Spilman, 
Jas\ Bowen, Jr. Tliese names are from memory and therefore are not in ex- 
act order of time, and doubtless unintentionally omit some who have been or 
are vestrymen. The author has failed to received the full list, for which he 
asked rei)eated!y. 

An analysis of the families of the old ministers and vestrymen of St. Mark's 
yields some curious results. Among their descendants were two Presidents of 
the United States, viz. Madison and Taylor; a Justice of the Supreme Court of 
the United States, viz. P. P. Barbour, several Governors of States, as Bar- 
bour of Virginia, and Slaughter, Morehead and Stevenson, of Kentucky; sever- 
al United States Senators, as BarV)our of Virginia, Morehead and Stevenson, of 
Kentucky; members of Congress, P. K. Thompson, Geo. F. Strother, John S. 
Barbour, John S. Pendleton, Rt. A. Thompson, Jas. F. Strother, B. Johnson 
Barbour, and Pendletons of Ohio; legislators and judges of circuits in great 
numbers, among whom Judges Pendleton, of South Carolina, of New York and 
Chio, Judge Greea, of the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and Judges Field, 
Shackleford, Williams, &c. These are but a few of the examples of this truth. 
It is also a curious fact that every Episcopal minister within the l)ounds of the 
original St. Mark's at this date, viz. Scott of Gordonsville, Hansbrough, of 
Orange, Slaughter, Minnegerode and Steptoe, of Culpeper, is a lineal descend- 
ant of the ante-revolution vestrymen, or he married one of their lineal descend- 



[Rev. F. (t. Ribble, the present rector of St. Mark's (Jan. 1900), has furnished 
the following: continuation of St. Mark's History.— R. T. (i.] 

1878, January 1 : Rev. J. G. Minnegerode resigned the rf^ctorship of St. 
Mark's Parish, and took chartre of Cavalry Church, Ix)uisville. Diocese of 
Kentucky. At this writing?, he is beginning the twenty -second year of his 
rectorship of that large and ini])ortant work. He is a member of the Standing 
Committe of the Diocese, and was a delegate to the (ieneral Convention in 
1878 1882. 

May 1 : Rev. E. Wall accepted the re(!torship of the parish, coming from 
the Diocese of Huron, Canada. In 1880, the Church school, founded by the 
Rev Mr. Peterkin, was abandoned, and the building rented for a private 

Rev. Mr. Wall resigned his rectorship January 1, 1882, going to Baltimore as 
assistant to the Rev. Dr. Campbell Fair. He was sometime rector of St. Mat- 
thew's Parish, Diocese of Washington. At present he has charge of Grace 
Church, Berryville. Diocese of Virginia. In 1881 he reported for St. Mark's 
Parish 111 connnunjcants, 5 Sunday school teachers and fifty scholars. 

1882-1884, September 1 : Rev. H. D. Page became rector of the parish. He 
came as a deacon, having graduated at the Virginia Seminary the June before. 
He resigi:ed March 18, 1884, to go to Jaimn as a missionary. After fourteen 
years of faithful service in that field, he returned, and is at present rector of 
Durham Parish, Diocese of Washington. In 1884 he reported for St. Mark's 
Parish 123 connnunicants, and (50 Sunday school teacliers and scholars. Du- 
iug his rectorship the extei-ior of the church was painted and repaired. 

1884-1888. August 1 : Rev. W. T. Roberts accepted the call of the vestry as 
rector of the parish. Under the date of March 1, 1887, the following resolu- 
tion was spread upon the minute liook of the Vestry. "Whereas, the Rector, 
W. T. Roberts, having presented to the Vestry, in the name of Miss Savilla 
Denton, a communion service of solid silver, in memory of her sister. Miss 
Margaret Denton, therefore be it resolved: (1) That the Vestry hereby ex- 
press their appreciation of this generous and appropriate gift, and hereby re- 
cord the same in the vestry book of this Church. (2) That the Registrar l)e 
requested to furnish a copy of these resolutions to Miss Denton." 

March 1, 1888 : The Vestry passed a resolution to remove the galleries from 
the Church. This work was done, the interior of the Church being much im- 
jjroved thereby. About the same time a new pipe organ was placed in the 
Church, at the right of the chancel. On September 15, 1888, Rev. W. T. Roberts 
resigned liis rectorship, and took charge of a parish in Essex county. After 
serving there for some time, he took charge of Emmanuel Church, Harrison- 
))urg, V^a. Resigning this work, lie then took charge of Bruton Parish, Wil- 
liamsVjurg, Diocese of Southern Virginia, of which he is still rector. 

In 188S, he reports for St. Mark's ]* 100 communicants, and 5^ Sunday 
school teachers and scholars. 

At a meeting of the Vestry, held September 25, 1H88, Mr. S. Russell Smith sub- 
mitted to the Vestry a plan of imjjrovements for the chance! and vestry room, 
to be a memorial to his deceased wife. The beautiftU chancel window an«l the 
large and comlortable ve.stry room were his generous gifts to the church. 



1889-1895. From September 15, 18S8, to Sept 15, 1889, the parish had no rec- 
tor. During this period, Mr. Eppa Rixey faithfully served the congregation 
as lay reader. The V'estry, with the help of the Ladies' Aid Society, painted 
the exterior of the church building, and put some repairs on the rectory and 
lecture room. Rev. S. P. Watters, of Morganton, N. C, took charge of the 
parish September 15, 1889. Under date of March 5,1890, a motion was made 
and carried "that Mr. Eppa Rixey be appointed a committee of one to confer 
with Col. Bradford and make a report at the next meeting of the vestry on the 
present status of the war claim of this Church, said claim being for occupancy 
of the Church as a hospital during the war by the Federal Army." At a call- 
ed meeting of the Vestry, held June 12, 1890, the following preamble and resolu- 
tions, relative to the death of Dr. Philip Slaughter, were i)assed and ordered 
to be spread upon the minutes of the Vestry. "In the death of the Rev. 
Philii) Slaughter, D. D., Historiographer of the Church, in the Diocese of Vir- 
ginia, the Church has been called to mourn the loss of an eminent son, a faith- 
ful presbyter, a learned historian, whose varied talents were adorned by a long 
life of devotion to the Church of Christ, and by his humble Christian life, led 
in imitation of the Master, full of years and full of honors, having been called 
from his earthly to his heavenly home. We. the Rector and A'estry of St. 
Stephens Church, St. Mark's Parish, desire to place on record our appreciation 
of his services, and our expression of the great loss the Church in Virginia has 
sustained: therefore be it it Resolved : (1) That in the death of the Rev. 
Philip Slaughter, D. D., the Church has sustained an irreparable loss. Learned, 
pious, and devoted to the cause of Christ, his removal from our midst will be felt 
with sorrow throughout the Church. (2) As Presbyter and Historiographer of 
the Church in Virginia, he leaves an honored,name, calling forth the affection 
and esteem of his contemporaries. His literary works are an invaluable lega- 
cy to the Church. (8) Full of years, and full of honors, he has served his day 
and generation faithfully and well. Ripe for the harvest, he has V:)een garner- 
ed by his Master, and has entered upon his eternal reward, leaving an illus- 
trious example to future generations. (4) That the Rector and Vestry of St. 
Stephen's Church attend the funeral of Dr. Slaughter in a body, to be held to- 
morrow evening at five o'clock at Cah'ary Church, Culpeper county. (5) That 
a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of Dr. Slaughter, as an ex- 
pression of our sympathy as a body with them in their bereavement, and also 
to the Southern Churchman for publication. 


Eppa Rixey, 

February 10, 1892, the following letter, which explains itself was laid before 
the Vestry for consideration by the rector. 

CiTLPKPKR, Va., Jan. 80th. 1892. 
Mr. T. S. Alcockk, 

Senior Warden, St. Mark's Parish. 

Dear Sir : Whereas it is pojmlarly believed in the neighborhood of "Oak 
Shade Church," that it has been a "Free Church" since the days of the Revo- 
lution, and whereas it is now in such a condition as to be unfit and unsafe for 
worship, and desiring to put it in a suitable condition for worship, we submit to 
you the ^"yllowing j)roposition: We, as a denonunation, will raise the funds and 
repair the church, provided we may have the continual use of it for any one 
Sunday in the month we may desire, and for such special occasions as circum- 
stances may demand. This in no wise to infringe ui)on your right to the use 
of the building for (X'casions that will not conflict with us. 


Believing that such a inovement will l)eKt subserve the interests of the en- 
tire community, we ask you to take innnediate action, and, as xominal claim- 
ants of the propert}'. unite with us in preserving the building, and at the 
same time retaining your right, without an outlay, to its partial occupancy. 

Respectfully submitted, 

(tKO. H. Spooxkr, 

W. H. HoTTS, Preacher in charge of Woodville Circuit, 

R. W. McDoNALn, Virginia Conference. 

Comnjittee from Oak Shade Church. 

This letter occasioned a careful review of the history of "Little Fork'* 
church from 1750 to 1892, and a thorough inv^estigation of the laws passed by 
the Virginia Legislature for the control of the old Colonial Churches of the 
State. This work was entrusted to Capt. Gr. Gr. Thompson, who performed 
it faithfully and well, showing conclusively that the church was not a "Free 
Church," and had never been a "Free Church." His historical sketch of the 
church, and his learned presentation of the legal aspects of the question, were 
ordered to be spread ui^on the minute book of the vestry. 

The whole matter as to the right of ownership of the property known as 
"Little Fork Church" was finally settled by the following agreement. "Where- 
as, Little Fork Church, in St. Mark's Parish, CulpeperV'ounty. has been, 
since its erection in 1774-1775, an Episcopal Church, continuously to the present 
time in the possession, use and control of the minister and vestry of St. Mark's 
Parish, and the possession, use and control of this said church has been re- 
cognized as lawful, and has been secured to them by the laws of Virginia; and» 
Wherejts; The Methodist congregation, living in the vicinity of this said Church, 
through their minister in charge, the Rev. Geo. H. Spooner, as a committee 
representing his congregation, have applied to the minister and vestry of St. 
Stephen's Church, St. Mark's Parish, to grant them their permission and con- 
sent to use the said Church on the fourth Sunday in each month of the year, 
and upon any other Sunday which will not conflict with the appointnients of 
the minister of St. Stephen's Church, and on such week days in the year as 
their interest may require for religious worship; and the minister and vestry of 
St. Stei)hens' Church, St. Mark's Parish, in a spirit of (Jhristian duty and 
])rotherly love, being willing to grant such permission and consent, thereby in- 
creasing the opportunities and privileges for religious worship of all the good 
l>eople living in the vicinity of said (Jhurch; Therefore, this agreement made 
this 2'lst day of March, 1892, between Thos. S. Alcocke and G. G. Thompson, 
wardens of St. Stephens' Church, and as such, a committee acting for and 
representing the minister and vestry of said (Jhurch, and the Rev. Geo. H. 
Spooner, minister in charge, and as such, a committee acting for and rei)re- 
senting the Methodist congregation living in the vicinity of the said J^ittle 
Fork (Jhurch, Witnesseth : That the permission and consent of the minister 
and vestry of St. Stephens' Church is hereby granted to the said Rev. (xeo. H. 
Spooner and his Methodist congregation to use the said Little Fork Churcii 
for their religious .services on the fourth Sunday of each month of the year, or 
upon any other Sunday of each month of the year which will not conflict with 
the appointments of the minister of St. Stephen's (Jhurch, and upon such 
week days during the year as tneir religious interest may require. Provided 
the days ai^jjointed for such week day services shall not be on, or conflict with 
the religious services tliat may be ajjpointed by the minister of St. t<>tei)hei)'s 
Church; and provided further that the permission and consent hereby grant- 
ed for the use of said fiittle Fork (Jhurch may be withdrawn and revoked 
whensoever, in the o()inion of the minister and vestry of St. Stephen's Church, 
there mav be reason or cause for so doing. 

In testimony of the acceptance of the terras and conditions of this agree- 
ment, witness the following? siti:natures. 

Thomas S. Alcockk, \ Wardens of St. Stephens' Church and 

G. G. Thompson, ;- Committee of the vestry of said Church. 


i Minister in charge and Committee repre- 

senting Methodist Congregation of Little 
Fork Church. 

The following improvements on the property of the parish, during the 
years 1893-1894, are recorded in the minutes of the vestry : Little Fork Church 
repaired and put in a condition for use as a place for public worship; a new 
communion rail placed in St. Stephen's Church — the gift of Mrs. Thos. S. 
Alcocke; the rectory painted and repaired; the school room put in thorough 
repair, interior and exterior, and furnished for use as a lecture room— the work 
of the Young Ladies' Guild. 

October, 1894, Rev. S. P. Watters resigned the rectorship of St. Mark's Par- 
ish, and accepted a parish in Florida. At present he is rector of St. Matthew's 
Church, Hillsboro , Diocese of North Carolina. In 1894, he reports tor St. Mark's 
Parish 98 communicants, and 36 Sunday school teachers and scholars. 

189.")-1897. April 1895 : Rev. E. L. Goodwin took charge of the parish. Dur- 
ing the following year St. Mark's Chapel was built at Rixeyville, and conse- 
crated by Bishop Newton August 28, 1696. St. Andrew's Chapel, Inlet, was 
built in the spring of 1897, chiefly by the efforts of St. Mark's Chapter of the 
Brotherhood of St. Andrew. In 1897 the lines between St. Mark's and Rid-, 
ley Parishes were altered, and were fixed by the action of the Council as foil 
lows: Beginning at the corner of Slaughter Parish, on the Orange and Cul/- 
peper road, thence by the said road to Fairview school house, thence by tl^ 
old Buck Run road to its intersection with the old Fredericksljurg road, about 
two miles south of the C. H., thence by the old Fredericksburg road to the 
cross-roads near the western base of Mt. Pony, and thence by an airline to the 
railroad crossing at Inl6t station, thence northerly by a new country road to 
its intersection with the Chesnut Fork and Brandv road, thence by an air line 
to the bridge on the Warrenton road, over Muddy Run, thence with Muddy 
Run to the Hazel River, to the Rappahannock River. 

October, 1897 : Rev. E. L. Goodwin resigned the rectorship of the parish, 
and accepted the position as assistaiit to the rector of Grace Church, Charles- 
ton, South Carolina. On the death of the rector in the summer of 1898, he 
succeeded to the rectorship, which position he still holds. In 1897 he reported 
for St. Mark's Parish 158 communicants, and 146 Sunday school teachers and 

1898-1903. January 1, 1898: Rev. F. G. Ribble, the present rector, assumed 
charge of the parish. In the summer of 1898, a new pipe organ was placed in 
the church by the Ladies' Aid Society, and the exterior of the church was 
painted by the Young Ladies Guild. In 1899, the rectory was repaired, and 
the lecture room p-Linted. 1900 : Prei^ent status of St. Mark's Parish: Com- 
municants 160; Sunday school teachers and scholars 130. 

Vestrymen of St. Marks's Parish since 1877 : S. S. Bradford, Thos. S. Al- 
cocke, Jas. W. Green, J. L- Burrows. G. G. Thompson, J. M. Leavel.^J. W. 
Crawford, R,. D. Keerl, Geo. Freeman, E. R. Shue, J. B. Stanard, J. W. Mor- 
ton. R. C. Vass, Samuel Chilton, N. B. Meade, J. F. Rixey, L. P. Nelson, P. L. 
Jameson, S. Russell Smith, Eppa Rixey, Alfred Taliaferro, W. Porter Nelson, 
T. Clarter Page, Travers Daniel, Earl English, C. B. Chilton, J. W. Smith, R. 
D. LuttreU, W. A. Ashby, H. B. Macoy, E. J. Brand, R. C. Macoy, and C. J. 
Rixey, ,Tr. 



On pajje 29 of St. Mark's Parish, in the next to the last parapfraph, T)r. 
8Iaiif?hter speaks of the destruction of Calvary church, at the foot of Siauf^h- 
ter's Mountain. This church luis been rebuilt through the kindness of friends 
at home and abroad; it was consecrated Junel^, 1894, and named "All Saints," 
in memory of those who fell on the battlefield of Cedar Mountain, and who 
have "fought the good fight of faith in the daily walks of life."— Pub. 

Rev. A. H. Lamon (see page 25) was a Virginian. Married a Miss Rajiley 
at Alexandria, Va. Moved to Evansville, Indiana. From there removed to 
Baton Rouge, La., and died in that city of yellow fever in 1852. His children 
were: Jno. H., Archibald. Sarah and Charlie Lamon. Elizabeth, his youngest 
child, was the daughter of his last wife, who was a Miss Toron. Rev. Fred- 
erick I)u Monties Devall, of Palatka, Fla.. James Wilmer Devall, cadet at 
West Point, Charles Kenneth Thomson, of HarrisV:)urg, Pa., are his grandsons. 
Mrs. Samuel Hewett, of Washington, D. C, is a niece. Jno. G. Lamon, of 
Culpeper, is a nephew. 

[By Dr. Andrew Glassell Grinnan, of Madison.] 

The account of the route of the Hoi-seshoe Expedition of Gov. Spotswood 
is in some respects erroneous. The expedition crossed from Orange county 
into what is now Madison, at the old German Ford, across the Rapidan, about 
lialf a mile above its junction with the Robertson river. It is still called the 
(rerman Ford. The Germans used this ford when they moved from Germanna 
to the head waters of the Robertson. It is at the lower end of the tract of 
land, bought by Dr. A. G. Grinnan in 1859, from Mr. Charles Bankhead; traces 
of the old road could be seen then. The expedition evidently passed by the 
present Woodbury Forest house. From this point is a clear view of the Swift 
Run Gap in the Blue Ridge, which the expedition ascended. The route was 
on the north side of the Rapidan river, to the Forks, turned west into Greene 
county, crossed Turkey Ridge, along the side of Saddle Back Mountain, to 
Summit of Swift Run Gap. 

St. Mark's, page 57 — Conway Family— Francis Conway, of Port Conway, 
opposite Port Royal, Va., m. Rebecca, daughter of Elizabeth Gaines (not 
Grymes), and Col. John Catlett, Jr. She was daughter of Col. Daniel Gaines, 
of Essex. After Francis Conway's death, she m. John Moore, of Caroline. She 
had six Conway children, one of whom was Nelly Conway, the mother of 
President Madison. She had two Moore children, one of whom, Jane Moore, 
m. Erasmus Taylor, of Orange. 

St. Mark's, p. 74 — The Titylor Family — This is a very large familj', and can- 
not be noted at length for lack of space. The 1st settler, James Taylor, of 
CJarlislc, Eng., did not settle on Chesape.ake Bay. The Virginia Lsiiid office 
records show that he lived on the Mattaponi River, in the lower part of what 
is now Caroline c(^inty. He was succeeded in the ownership of this place by 
his oldest son in 1T99, Col. James Taylor, wlio m. Martha Thompson (see Bev- 
erley's of Va.) Col. James Taylor, of the Horseshoe Exjjedition, entered 
large Iwdies of land— about 15,000 acres— in what is now Orange, about the year 
1720—22. He reujoved to Orange and lived and died there. His widow long 
survived him. Dr. Charles Taylor was not a son of James (2) Taylor; he was 
his grandson, son of the well known Col. (xeorge Taylor, of Orange, who lived 
about two miles east of Orange C. H., which house is still standing. Here also 
lived Col. Fraidi Taylor, th«> diarist; he was another son of (^ol. George Taylor. 

He never married, and died in 1799. His will, on record, shows that he left 
most of his property to his nephews, who lived in Kentucky. The diary is in 
possession of Di. Andrew G. Grinnan. He was Lt. -Colonel of the Convention 
Guards, who had charge of the Burgoyne prisoners near Charlottesville. 

St. Mark's, p. 75— Winston Family — Anthony Winston m. Alice Taylor, 
dan. of James (3) Taylor, of Orange, who was son of Col. James (2) Taylor and 
Martha Thompson. The account of Alice and her supposed husband in Camp- 
bell's History of Va. is erroneous. 

St. Mark's, p. 60 — Children of Helen Buchan Glassell and Daniel Grinnan, 
of Fredericksburg: Robert Alexander, b. 1817. d. 1884; Eliza Richards, b. 1819, 
d. 1846; Cornelia, b. 1821, d. 1864; Helen Mary, b. 1823; Daniel, b. 1835, d. 1826: 
Daniel Glassell, b. 1827; Daniella M., b. 1830, d. 1888. 

St. Mark's, p. 85 — Slaughter Family — The first Robert Slaughter of Cul- 
peper ni. Mary Smith, daughter of Augustine Smith, of Culpeper, an early 
land surveyor, who lived on the Rappahannock river. His will is on record 
in the first Vol. of Will records of Oraii:^e county. Augustine Smith was of 
the Horseshoe Expedition of Gov. Spotswood, as was also another surveyor. 
Col. James Taylor. Augustine Smith was the son of Col. Lawrence Smith, of 
Gloucester county, and York Town. Col. Smith for years was commandant of 
the fort at Falmouth, Va. The House of Burgesses also gave him civil juris- 
diction over a section around the fort, an unusual mark of confidence, and 
donated to him a tract of land on the Rappahannock, three and a half miles 
wide by five miles long. He was once defeated in b.attle by Bacon, his troops 
deserting him. Altogether he was one of the most distinguished Virginians 
of his day. He laid out York Town. 

In Sc. Mark's, page 46. it is stated that the tradition is that the organ in 
the Lutheran church in Madison county was paid for by subscriptions taken 
up in Germany and Sweden. This may be erroneous, for several years ago, an 
article ajjpeared in a Northern newspaper, probably in the New Y'ork Evening 
Post, giving an account of John Thornburg, a German, who lived at Listy, 
Pennsylvania, who built an organ for the Lutheran Church of Madison in 
1760, for $300.00, which he delivered to the agent of the Madison church in 
Philadelphia, who hauled it to Madison, Va., in a wagon. He also built one 
for the Lutheran C'hurch in Winston-Salem, N. C. 


[To precede the last two paragraphs on page 100.] 
Martha Shackelford«, (Lucy5 (Tutt), Elizabeth^, Nathaniel3, Henry-, 
PhilipV) m. Richard Spotswood; issue : 1. Lucy'!', died in 1868; 2. Sally Bland", 
m. Williaiu Randolph Smith, and resides in Richmond, Va.; 3. Col. Muscoe L. 
Spotswood", a lawyer of Richmond, Va. Richard Spotswood was a great, 
great grand-son of Governor Spotswood, being the son of John Spotswood 
and Mary Goode, the grand-son of John Spotswood and Sally Rowsie, the 
great-grand- son of John Spotswood (son of Governor Alexander Spotswood) 
and MissDandridge. 

Ben,jamix Howard Shackelford** (Lucy'' (Tutt), Elizabeth^, Nathaniels, 
FIenry'~, Philipl.) m. Rebecca Green; issue : 1. Jones Green", m. Belle Kirk, 
having Howard Green«; 2. John Howard"; 3. George Scott", m. Virginia Mino'r 
Randolph, having Virginius Randolph^, Nanny HoiladayS, George Scott**, and 
Margaret Wilson**; 4. Lucy", m. C. C. Walker, having Rebecca^^, Reuben Lind- 
says and C. C. Jr8; 5. Anne BerryT, m. Prof. R. B. Smithey, Randolph-Macon 
College; 6. Muscoe Livingston", of Freemont, Ohio, m. Delia Taylor. 



[4th Series, Vol. 1, pa^'e 522.] 
At a meeting: of the freeholders and other inhabitants of the County of 
Culpeper, in Virfjinia, assembled, on due notice, at the Court House of the 
said county, on Thursday, the 7th of July, 1774, to consider of the most eflfect- 
nal methods to preserve the ri<i:hts and liberties of America, thefollowinj? reso- 
lutions were adopted. 

Hkn^ry Pk\i)lktox, Esq., Modkrator. 

Resolved: That we will, whenever we are called upon for that purpose 
iiiaintain and defend his Majesty's ritrht and title to the Crown of Grreat Brit- 
ain, and all other of his ]>ominions thereunto belon<i:inK, to whose royal per- 
son and CTOverniuent we profess all due obedience and fidelity. 

Resolved : That the ri«:ht to impose taxes or duties, to be paid by the in- 
habitants of this country, for any purpose whatsoever, is peculiar and essen- 
tial to the General Assembly, in whom the Legislative authority is vested. 

Resolved : That every attempt to taxes or duties by any other 
authority, is an arbifj-ary exercise of powei", and an infrinjrement of the con- 
stitutional and just rights and liberties of the colony, and that we will, at all 
times, at the risk of our lives and fortunes, oppose anv act imposiutr taxes or 
duties, vmless we are lej^ally represented; and the Act of the British Parlia- 
ment, imposiui; a duty on tea to be paid by the inhabitants of the colonies 
upon importation, is evidently desisrned to fix on the Americans those chains, 
forfi^ed for them by a. corrupt niinister. 

Resolved : That the late cruel and unjust Acts of Parliament, to be exe- 
cuted by force upon our sister colony of the Massaehusetts Bay, and the town 
of Boston, is a convincing' f)roof of the unjust and corrupt influence obtained 
by the l^ritish Ministry in Parliament, and i fixed determination to deprive 
the colonies of their constitutional and just ritjhts and liberties. 

Resolved: 'J'hat the town of Boston is now suffering in the common cause 
of the y\merican (U)lonies. 

Resolved: That an association between all the American colonies not to 
import from Great Britian, or buy any floods, or commodities Avhatsoever, 
except nejjroes, clothes, salt, saltpetre, powder, lead, nails, and ])aper, ought 
to be entered into and by no means dissolved, until the rights and liberties of 
the colonies are restored to them, and the tyrannical Acts of Parliament 
against Boston are repealed. 

Resolved: That it is our opinion, that no friend to the rights and liberties 
of America ought to purchase any goods whatsoever, which shall be imported 
from Great Britain, after a general association shall be agreed on, except such 
as are before excepted. 

Resolved: That every kind of luxury, dissipation and extravagance, ought 
to be banished from amongst ns. 

Resolved: That the raising of sheep, hemp, flax and cotton, ought to be 
encouraged; likewise, all kinds of manufactures by subscriptions or any other 
proper nu-ans. 

Re.^olvcd: That the importing of slaves and cc.iviet servants is injurious 
to this colony, as it obstructs the population of it with freemen and useful 
iiianufacturers, and that we will not buy any suc'i slave or convict servant, 
hereafter to be imported. 

Resolved: That every county in this colonv ought to {ipi>oint dejMities to 
njeet upon the fh-st day of August, in the city "of Williamsburg, then and tijere 
to consult upon the most proj^er means for (tarrying these or any other resolu 
tions, which shall be judged more expedient for obtaining peace and trantjuil- 
ity ni America, into execution. 

Resolved: That Henry Pendleton and Henry Field, ,Tr., Esquires are ap- 
pomted upon the part of the freeholdei-s and inhabitants of this county to 
meet and consult with such deputies as shall be appointed by the other coun- 

Resolved: That the clerk transmit these resolves to the press, and request 
the printer to publish them without delay. By order of the meeting. 

Jonx Jamk.sox, Clerk. 





Culpeper, named in honor of Thomas Lord Culpeper, governor of Virginia 
1680 — 1683 (for sketch of whom see Hardesty's Encyclopaedia of Biography), was 
formed in 1748 from Orange county (Orange was taken from Spotsylvania, 
which county, had been cut off from Essex). Its territory, embracing originally 
what is now Culpeper, Madison and Rappahannock counties, was the subject of 
a protracted controversy, involving the title to several million acres of land. 
The entire territory "within the bends of the rivers Tappahannock, alias Rap- 
pahannock, and Quiriough, or Potomac, the courses of those rivers, and the 
Bay of Che8apa3'ork, &c.," was granted at different times, by King Charles I. 
and II., to Lord Hopton, the Earl of St. Albans, and Others, and subsequently 
by King James to Lord Culpeper, w^ho had purchased the rights of the other 
grantees. Thomas, fifth Lord Fairfax, who married Catharine, daughter of 
Lord Culpeper, became the proprietor of this princely domain, commonly 
known as the Northern Neck. From him, it descended to his son Thomas, sixth 
Lord Fairfax, and comprised the counties of Lancaster, Northumberland, 
Richmond, Westmoreland, Stafford, King George, Prince William, Fairfax, 
Loudoun, Fauquier, Culpeper, Madison, Page, Shenandoah, Hardy, Hamp- 
shire, Morgan, Berkeley, Jefferson and Frederick. In 1705 Edward Nott, gov- 
ernor of Virginia, in the name of the king, granted 1,920 acres of land to Henry 
Beverley, in the forks of the north and south branches of the Rappahannock. 
Robert Carter, commonly known from his large landed possessions as "King" 
Carter, who was the agent of Fairfax, objected to the grant as being within 
the limits of the Northern Neck grant. The question then arose whether the 
south (the Rapid Anne) or the north branch of the Rappahannock was the 
chief stream. To settle the controversy, Thomas Fairfax, the sixth Lord, and 
Baron Cameron, petitioned the king in 1733, to order a commission to ascer- 
tain the bounds of his patent. In consequence, commissioners were appointed 
severally in behalf of the crown and of Lord Fairfax These were William 
Byrdof "Westover"; John Robinson of "Piscataway," Essex county, and John 
Grymes of "Brandon," Middlesex county, on behalf of the crown; and William 
Beverly, William Fairfax and Charles Carter, on behalf of Fairfax. They made 
their report on December 14, 1736, to the council for plantation affairs, which 
body, on the 6th day of April, 1745, confirmed the report, which was in turn 
confirmed by the king, who ordered the appointment of commissioners, to run 
and mark the dividing line. This was done in 1746. The decision was in favor 
of Lord Fairfax, and made that branch of the Rapid Anne called the Conway, 
the head-stream of the Rappahannock river, and the southern boundary of the 
Northern Neck; and thus confirming to Lord Culpeper the original county of 
Culpeper. The original journal of the expedition kept by Major Thomas Lew- 
is, is now in the possession of his descendant, Hon. John F. Lewis, ex-lieut. 
governor of Virginia. The conflicting rights of the Northern Neck patent, 
with those claimed by Joist Hite and othei-s, have been the cause of innumer- 

ublc luw suits, wliicli crowdi'd the rccionls of tlu' Stiile courts to a peri<)(l ail- 
vanoed into the I9th century There was an attempt made by the State of 
Maryland as late as 18J53 to extend her boundary by an infraction of the Fair- 
fax line, as above, established in 174(). 

The name of (xovernor Alexander Spotswood, one of the aljlest executives 
of Colonial Virf4:inia, is prominently associated with Culpeper county, as the 
largest landed proprietor of tliat portion of Spotsylvania county (named in 
his honor), whi(rh subsequently formed the county of Culpeper, and as the 
founder in 1714 of the town of 


On a peninsular of 400 acres of land on the banks of the Rapid Anne, which 
was settled I)y al)out four-score (iermans, whom he hnnijiht thither to conduct 
his iron manufactories; and the town was, until the division of Spotsylvania 
county, its countyseat. It is thus described by Hu:j,-h Jones, in his "Present 
Condition of Virffinia," published in 1724: 

"Beyond Colonel Spotswood's furnace, above the falls of Rappahannock 
river, within view of the vast mountains, he(Spotswood) has founded a town 
called Germanna, from some Germans sent over by Queen Anne, who are now 
ren)Oved up further [into what is now Madison county]. Here he has servants 
and workmen of most handicraft Trades; and he is buildinji; a church, court 
house, and dwelliufr-house for himself, and with his servants and ne<i:roes, he 
has cleared plantations about it, proi)osinj4- fj:reat encouraf^rement for people to 
come and settle in that uninhal)ited part of the world, lately divided into a 

"Beyond this is seated the colony of Germans or I'alatines, with allowance 
of f4()od quantity of rich lands, who thrive very well and live happily, and en- 
tertain ti;enerously. These are encourafi;ed to make wine , which'ljy the expe- 
rience (particularly) of the late Robert Beverly, who wrote the History of Vir- 
f<:inia, was done easily, and hi large quantities in those parts; not only from 
the cultivation of the wild grapes, which grow plentifully tmd naturally in all 
the lands thereabouts, and in the other parts of the country; ])ut also from the 
Spanish, French, Italian and German wines." 


Comprise an average length of twenty miles, with a l)readth of about eighteen 
miles. It is drained by the Rappahannock and Rapid Anne rivers and their 
tributaries, the former river running along its northeast and the latter upon 
its S(mtheast and southwest boundaries. According to the census of 18!);), the 
l)opulation was 13,3;33. Number of acres of land 2:5'i,")45. It is a good fruit coun- 
ty, including grapes, and is self-sustaining in all of its farm products. The 
grazing is excellent, including clover, timathy, orchard, Randall, Herds and 
blue grasses. The county is traversed by the great Southern Railway. The 
health of the county is excellent. Highland 7."» per cent.; bottoms 25 per cent. 
Ahout two-lifths of the county is in timber, consisting of walnut, ash, hickory, 
the oaks, locust, ijine, cedar, clie-stnut, maple, etc. Minerals: Magnetic and 
hematic iron ores and gold, a mine of the latter being worked. 


Culpeper was distinguished in the Revolutionary war by the important service 
of her gallant Minute men, who, as the brilliant John Randolph of Roanoke 
said in the United States Senate, "were raised in a minute, armed in a minute, 
marched in a minute, fought in a minute and vancpiished in a minute.' Im 
mediately on the breaking out of the war in 177'), Patrick Henrv, then com- 
mand<M- of the Virginia troops, sent to this section of the colon v for assistance. 
Ui)on his summons, 150 luen from Culjieper, 100 from Orange, and 10') from 
Fauquier, rendezvoused here, iind enc;inq)e(l in a li -Id the property ot tin' late 

Hon. John S. Barbouv, half a mile west of tlie villa.i^e of Fairfax. An old oak 
marked the spot. Tliese were the first Minute Men raised in Virginia. Tliej' 
formed themselves into a reg-iment, choosing I^awrence Taliaferro of Orange, 
colonel; Edward Stevens of Culpeper, lieutenant colonel; and Thomas Mar- 
shall of Fauquier — father of Chief Justice John Marshall — major. The flag 
used by the Culpeper men bore in its center the figure of a rattlesnake coiled 
and in the act of striking — above which was inscribed "The Culpeper Minute 
Men," on either side "Liberty or Death," and beneath "Don't Tread on Me " 
The corps Avere dressed in green hunting shirts with the words "Liberty or 
n^eath" in large letters on their bosoms. A wag on seeing this, remax'ked it 
was too severe for him; but that he was willing to enlist if the words were al- 
tered to "Liberty or Be Crippled " 

They wore in their hats buck-tails, and in their belts toiuahawks and scalp- 
ing knives. Their savage, war-like appearance excited the terror of the in- 
habitants as they marched througli the country to Williamsburg Shortly 
after their arrival at that place, about 150 of them — those armed with rifles — 
marclied into Norfolk county, and were engaged in the battle of the (ireat 
Bridge. Among them were Chief Justice Marshall, then a lieutenant, and Gen- 
eral Edward Stephens.^ In the course of the war, eight companies of eightj"- 
four men each were formed in Culpeper for the Continental service. They 
were raised by the following captains: John Grreen (subsequently promoted to 
colonel, and \Kou>pded in the shoulder and crippled for life while storming a 
breast work.- fl6 was grandfather of Judge John Williams Cireen, of the court 
of appeals of V^irginla, and great-grandfather of several distinguished jurists-the 
learned brothers, the late William Grreen, LL. D., of Richmond, the late Major 
James W. Green of Culpeper, and the late Thomas C. Green, judge of the su- 
preme court of the State of West Virginia, Voeing among them): John Thorn- 
ton, George Slaughter, Gabriel Long (promoted major), Jno. Gillison, (who while 
gallantly leading his men to attack the enemy at Brandywjne to i)revent them 
making prisoners of the company of Captain Long, was struck in the forehead 
by a musket ball; the surgeon examined the wound, and then, lifting up his 
hands, exclaimed "Oh, captain! it is a noble wound, right in the middle of the 
forehead, and no harm done!" tlve wound soon healed and left a scar, of 

which any soldier might be proud). McClannahan (Captain McClannahan 

was a Baptist clergyman, and at first preached to his men regularly; his re- 
cruits were principally from his own denomination and in conformity with the 
wishes of the legislature, who invited the members of particular religious so- 
cieties, especially Ba])tists and Methodists, to organize themselves into sepa- 
rate companies, under olficers of their own faith; the Baptists were among 
the most strenuous supporters of liberty.) and Abraham Buford. (Abraham 
Buford, promoted colonel, was defeated by Tarleton, May 30, 1780, at the Wax- 
hams, near the borders of North Carolina). John Jameson who was clerk of 
Culpeper county at the beginning of the Revolution, promptly joined the cause 
of his fellow colonists, and commanded a company that marched to Williams- 
burg. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. John Paulding, David Wil- 
liams and Isaac van Wart, the three immortal patriots who captured Andre, 
were in the command of Lieut. Col. Jameson, who, in turn, informed General 
Washington of the capture. 

Among other heroes of the Revolution from Culpejjer, may be named Cap- 
tain Philip Slaughter, who entered the (Julpei)er Minute Men at the age of sev- 
enteen as a p'-"-itp, and marched with them to Williamslmrg shortly after the 
seizure of th^ p*. ler in March, 1775, by Dunmore. Having received a com- 
nn'ssion of lieut' n. he marched to tlu' Nortii in the f;ill of 177G, with the 


Elt'vonth Vir<^iiiia (Jontiuontal Ref^iuiont. DaTiiol Mor{::aii then connuandcHl 
this corps, and also a volunteer rifle ref,nnient. There Slau^htei- remained un- 
til the counnencenient of the year 1780, and was in the hattles of Brandywine, 
Gerniantown, Monmouth and at the stormlnK of Stony I'oint. He spent the 
winter of 1777-8 at Valley Forf,'e. His messmates were Lieutenant Kohert (af- 
terwards General) Porterfield, Captain Charles Porterfield, Captain Jameson 
and Lieutenant (afterwards Chief Justice) Marshall. There they were all re- 
duced to great privation in theVant of food and clothing. They bore their 
sufferings without murmur, being fortified by an undaunted patriotism. Most 
of the officers gave to their almost naked soldiers nearly the whole of their 
clothing, reserving only what they themselves had on. Slaughter was reduced 
to a single shirt. While this was being washed he wrapped himself in a blan- 
ket. Prom the breast of his only shirt he had wristbands and a collar made to 
complete his uniform for ])arade. Many of his brother officers wei-e still worse 
olT, having no undex-garments at all; and not one soldier in five had a blanket. 
Thej' all lived in rude huts, and the snow was knee deep the whole winter. 
Washington daily invited the officers in rotation to dine with him at his pri- 
vate table, but for want of decent clotliing few were enabled to attend. Slaugh- 
ter being so much better provided, frequently went in the place of the others, 
that, as he said, "his regiment might be represented." While in this starving 
condition, the country people ))rought food to camp. Often tlie Dutch women 
were seen riding in, sitting on bags on their horses' back, holding two or three 
bushels each of apple pies, baked sufficiently hard to be thrown the 
room without breaking. These were purchased eagerly, eaten with avidity, 
and considered a great luxury. Slaughter performed the duties of paymaster 
and clothier in addition to those of a captain of the line. He was promoted to 
a captaincy in 1778, he being then not twenty years of age. Captain Slaughter 
held various civil offices, among which was that of high sheriff of Culpeper 
county. He married twice, first a daughter of Colonel French Strother, and 
secondly a daughter of Colonel Thomas Towles, having issue by the two mar- 
riages nineteen children who intermarried with the Maconickie, Conroy, Dade, 
Smith, Madison, Chapman, Bradford, Thompson and Semmes families, and 
their descendants now include many additional honored names. He died in 
1H4{) at the advanced age of. ninety-one. His ninth child the venerable and 
widely beloved Rev. Pliilip SlaugJiter, D. D., historiograi)her of the Episcopal 
Diocese of Virginia, an eloquent pulpit orator and a glowing and prolilic writ- 
er, whose delightsome pen was tireless, before his death celebrated at his home 
near Mitchell's, two touching anniversaries, the semi-centennial of his ordi- 
nation as a minister and his golden wedding. He had in his possession a brief 
journal of his honored lather giving an acciount of the movements of the troops 
during the time the latter was in service, together with certificates of the faith- 
ful service of Captain Slaughter, given by Chief Justice Marshall, General 
Rol)ert Porterfield and Colonel Jameson. 

To tiie list of Culpeper w'orthies should be added the names of Colonel 
Gillison, Colonel Gabriel .Tones, Colonel William Green, Colonel John Tlioru- 
ton, Colonel James Slaughter, Colonel John Slaughte', Colonel John Jameson, 
Major John Roberts, Colonel David Jameson and Colonel Phili[> Clayton (sub- 
sequently State Judge and member of congress from Georgia) of the Revo- 
lution; Colonel John Field, who was in the battle of Point Pleasant, October 
10th, 1774; ColonfiLJ! Strother, member of Virginia assembly in 1775; his 
son George French Strother, member of congress, 1817-20; Philip Rootes 
Thompson, member of congress, 180(5; John Strother Pendleton, member of 
congress and United States minister to Beunos Ayres: Colonei J.ames Pendle- 

ton, Colonel Nathaniel Pendleton (who was the second of Alexk'ndter Hamilton 
in his lamehMBIeduelwrth Aaron Burr); John Strode Barbo ur, sr., member 
of Congress; Hon. Richard W. Thompson, member of congress and secretary 
of the navy; Major General Edmand Pendleton Gaines United States army, 
and Rev. John A. Broadus, D. D., of the Baptist Church, pulpit orator,author 
and educator. The distinguished William Wirt, the author of the "British 
Spy," was once a resident of Culpeper, having commenced the practice of law 
here in 1792, when only twenty years of age. 

In his family burying-ground (which is now the Masonic Cemetery) half a 
mile north of Culpeper, the countyseat, is the tomb of a revolutionary hero 
with the following inscription: 



AUGUST THE 17TH, 1830, 

At his seat in Culpeper, in his 76th year of age. 

This gallant officer and upright man had served his country with reputation in 
the field and Senate of his native State. He took an active part and had 
a principal share in the war of the Revolution, and acquired great dis- 
tinction at the battles of Great Bridge, Brandywine, Germantown, Cam- 
den, Guilford Court House and the siege of York; and although zealous in 
the cause of American Freedom, his conduct was not marked with the 
least degree of malevolence or party spirit. Those who honestly differed 
with him in opinion he always treated with singular tenderness. In strict 
integrity, honest patriotism and immovable courage, he was surpassed by 
none and had few equals." 

There may be added of General Stevens the following detail of services : 
At the commencement of the Revolution he commanded with distinction a 
battalion of riflemen at the battle of Great Bridge, near Norfolk, Virginia; was 
soon after made colonel of the 10th Virginia Regiment with which he joined 
Washington; and at the battle of Brandywine (September 11th, 1777,) by his 
gallant exertion saved a part of the army from capture, checked the enemy 
and secured the retreat. He also distinguished himself at Germantown, and 
being made a brigadier-general of Virginia militia, fought at Camden, also at 
Guilford Court House, where his skillful dispositions were extremely servicea- 
ble to the army, and where, though severely wounded in the thigh, he brought 
off his troops in good order. General Greene bestowed on him marked com- 
mendation. At Yorktown he performed important duties, and throughout the 
revolution possessed a large share of the respect and confidence of General 
Washington. He was a member of the senate of Virginia from the adoption of 
the State constitution until the year 1790. 


In one of the books in the clerk's office of Culpeper is the annexed entry: 
20th July, 1749 (O. S.)— GEORGE WASHINGTON Gent., pro- 
duced a commission from the President and Master of Wil- 
liam & Mary College, appointing him to be surveyor of this county, 
which was read, and thereupon he took the usual oaths to his maj- 
esty's person and government, and took and subscribed the abjura- 
tion oath and test, and thereupon took the oath of surveyor, accor- 
ding to law. 


Upon these committees were devolved the appointment of officers and other 

local executive functions. They were elected by the freeholders. In 1775, the 
committee was composed of John Jamesom, Henr}'^ Pendleton, James Slaugh- 
ter, John Slaughter, and others, not certainly known to the writer. They 
probably were some of the following justices of the peace of that day, to-wit: 
Henry Field, Wm. Ball, Wm. Grreen, Ben. Roberts, Joseph Wood, Jno. Stroth- 
er, Sam. Clayton and James Pendleton. Col. James Barbour and Henry Field 
represented the county in 17G5, &c. — Henry Field and French Strother in '74- 
75-76, &c. 


This name has become historical from having been the scene of the first 
encampment of the Minute Men and by being applied to a district in the coun- 
ty. It may be well, therefore, to record its origin. 

The place now owned by Mr. J. C. Bell was the seat of Major Philip Clay- 
ton, in colonial times, and was named from a catalpa tree (the first in the coun- 
ty), transplanted by him from Essex. He married the sister of Robert Cole- 
man, on whose land Culpeper was established in 1759, and called Fairfax, 
which was its legal title before the Civil war. The first trustees of the town 
were Nat. Pendleton, Wm. Gretm, Wm. Williams, Thomas Slaughter and Philip 
Clayton. Ben Davis had leased the land from Coleman and hence the names 
Davis and Coleman streets. One of the daughters of P. Clayton married Nat. 
Pendleton, whose son Nat. was a Minute Man of Culpeper, afterwards aid to 
Gren. Gi'eene, and was the second of Alexander Hamilton in his duel with Aaron 
Burr. He was the ancestor of Geo. H. Pendleton, who was minister to Berlin. 
His brother Henry was an eminent jurist in South Carolina, after whom the 
Pendleton District was called. Another daughter of Clayton married Wm. 
Williams, the father of Gen. James, Maj. John, Philip and Wm. Clayton Wil- 
liams, from whom a numerous progeny has descended. Another daughter 
married Col. James Slaughter, the father of Captain P. Slaughter, who was 
born at Catalpa, Dec. 1758. He was living with his grandfather and going to 
school here to Adam Goodlet, master of the first classical school ever in Cul- 
peper to that date, when the Minute Men met in Clayton's old field (Catalpa) 
in 1775. Hence he had the best opportunity of knowing the facts recorded in 
his journal. The Minute Man, Gen. Stevens, who cast the electoral vote of 
this district for Washington, also married the daughter of Robert Coleman. 

Hon. Thos. L. Thompson, who was once^lected to Congress from Califor- 
nia, is a lineal descendant of Philip Clayton and Pliili[) Slaughter. The first 
colonel of the Minute Men of Culpeper, Laurence Taliaferro, has descendants 
here in the children of the late Dr. Alfred Taliaferro and Mrs. Alcocke. ^ 

FAIRFAX LODGE, NO. 43, A. F. & A. M. 

The publishers are much indebted to Mr. George Dabney Gray, of the Cul- 
peper bar, for the following extracts of an address which he delivered before 
the members of Fairfax Lodge on the occasion of their (Centennial Anniversary, 
which was the 27th. day of December, 1894. The address was published in 
pamphlet form, at the request of the Lodge: 

"At the request of Fairfax Lodge, which came to me with the force of an 
order, it was my jileasure to obey. I am here to speak to you on this Centen- 
nial Anniversary of our Lodge, which we meet to celebrate to-night. We meet 
as a band of brothers to retrim our altar fires and renew our devotion to the 
sacred principles of our order. 

"The day itself is a proud Masonic Jubilee, hallowed by associations of the 
past and by traditions of the most thrilling interest to every Mason. For 
many hundred yearfe our order has celebrated the 24th of June, and the 27th. 
of December, in honor of St. John the Baptist and St. John the E angelist, 

two eminent church Patrons in Masonry. But this 37th of Decenoiber, 1894, is 
of especial interest to the members of this Lodge. 

"One hundred years ago to to-day Fairfax Lodge, No. 43, was organized at 
this place, under a charter from the Grand Lodge of Virginia, which was sign- 
ed by Chief Justice John Marshall, then Grand Master. 

"The Grand Lodge of Virginia was organized 1778, with John Blair, Mas- 
ter and with only five Lodges Increased rapidly so that in 1794, 16 years af- 
terwards when this Lodge was organized there were 42 Lodges in Virginia In 
1823, there were 123 Lodges 

James Mercer was Second Grand Master. 
Ed. Randolph, Third Grand Master. 
Alex. Montgomery, Fourth Grand Master. 
Thomas Mathews, Fifth Grand Master. 
John Marshall, Sixth Grand Master 
"The present number of Lodges in Virginia is over 300. On the 9th of De- 
cember, 1794, a charter was issued by the Grand Lodge of Virginia for the for- 
mation of Fairfax Lodge No. 43, at this place, then known as Fairfax. It was 
signed by Chief Justice of the U. S., John Marshall, and named the follow- 
ing as officers of the new Lodge: Philip Rootes Thompson, Master; Birket Da- 
venport, S. W. and Philip Lightfoot, Jr., Warden, and at the same time a com- 
mittee of three members of the Grand Lodge were appointed to install the 
said officers. . 

"On the 27th day of December, 1794, at the house of Benjamin Shackelford, 
in the town of Fairfax, the said officers were duly installed and the first meet- 
ing of the new Lodge was held and the following additional officers were elect- 
ed and installed : Thomas Knox. Treas., John Shackelford, Secty., Thomas 
Jameson, S. D., Ed. Pendleton, J. D., John Hawkins, Tyler. The new Lodge 
and the members repaired in procession to the Court House where a sermon 
was preached by Rev John Woodville, Chaplain. He was the Rector of the 
Episcopal church at that time. 

"There were twenty members at the first meeting. The little town of Fair- 
fax was then in its infancy, having been laid out in 1734; indeed the Republic 
was then in its infancy. It had only been 13 years since the battle of York- 
town, which secured the independence of the American Colonies, 7 years from 
the adoption of the Constitution of the United States, and five years from the 
election of the first President, George Washington, and he was still President 
in 1794, having been elected for the second term in 1792. George III was still 
on the throne of England. 

"Philip Rootes Thompson was the son of Rev. John Thompson, who was 
Rector of St. Mark's Parish, and in 1801-7 represented this district in Congress. 
Birket Davenport was the great grandfather of P. L. Jameson. Major P. 
Lightfoot is well known to many of you: an old bachelor Avhose white cravat 
and linen bosom were always spotless— the only man ever known who could 
walk from his residence to the court house without getting a stain on his 
shining shoes. Benj. Shackelford kept the house known as the old Bell Tav- 
ern which was a large frame building situated on the corner of the lot on which 
B. C. Macoy now lives. He was the father of John Shackelford, our old attorney 
for the Commonwealth and grand-father of the late Judge Henry Shackelford. 
This hotel was afterwards kept by Jerre Strother and it was burned down in 
the year 1845. Thomas Knox was the father of the old merchant, Thos. F. 
Knox, of Fredericksburg. Thomas Jameson was a nephew of Col. John Jame- 
son an officer of the Revolution. John Jameson is the grand-father of Phillip 
Jameson and was Clerk of the County from 1772 to 1810. Ed. Pendleton was 
the son of Col. James Pendleton. 


"Anions the friends of this infant Lod^e there was a distinf^uished General 
of the Revolutionary army. He had gained great distinction at the battle of 
Great Bridge and Brandywine, Genuantown, Camden, Guilford C. H. and 
Yorktown. He had been severely wounded at Guilford. He lived in the house 
afterwards owned by F. T. Lightfoot (burned down). Soon after the Lodge 
Avas formed he donated to them a lot of ground for the erection of a building 
to be used as a Lodge room, and the Lodge by private subscription soon raised 
money enough to erect a building for their meetings. Gen. Stevens also de- 
vised by his will one acre of land near his own family burying groxind to be 
used as a cemetery for the members of the Lodge and their families. He died 
in 1820. 

"The new Lodge continued to hold its meetings at the house of Benj. 
Shackelford until they moved into their own Hall built upon the lot donated 
to them by Gen. Ed. Stevens. The last meeting held at the house of Benjamin 
Shackelford was June 3rd. 1797. The first meeting held in their new Hall was 
on July 7th. 1797. The dedication was Aug. 1st. 1797, with appropriate cere- 
monies. At their March meeting in 1798, a committee was appointed to wait 
on Genl. Stevens and express the thanks of the Lodge for his great liberality. 
At the meeting Dec. 37th. 1799, the following resolution was passed: Resolved, 
that this Lodge show a testimony of their deep regret at the decease of our 
late and worthy brother, Genl. George Washington, Grand Master of America, 
by wearing crape for the day and that the Treasurer procure the same." 
Washington died December 14th. 1799. 

"Among the members of the old Lodge from 1830, 1836, were the following: 
Judge R. H. Field, distinguished Judge of the Circuit Court. Robt. G. Ward, 
Clerk of Circuit Court till 1851. John C. Williams, known as Capt. Jack. Jer^ 
emiah Strother, grand-father of Rev. John Hansbi-qugh and great grand-father 
of Mrs. Macoy; at one time kept old Bell Tavern. Wm. M. Thompson, father 
of Hon. R. W. Thompson, member of Congress from Ind., and Sect, of Navy 
under President Hays. Jonathan C. Gibson, father of Col. J. C. Gibson, and a 
great lawyer. Wm. Foushee, father of Mrs. Fayette Latham, and the late Mrs. 
Cole. John Strother, cousin of Jeremiah Strother and law partner of Fayette 
Mauzy. Andrew Glassell, grand-father of Dr. A. G. Grinnan. Wm. Emison, 
long Commissioner of Court, &c. J. W. Denton, father of Mrs. Robert Williams. 
Isham B. Mason, father of Mi-s. Jessie L. Burrows (built old C H. and St. Ste- 
phens church.) Rev. Herbert Marshall, father of the late George E. Marshall. 
Samel A. Starrow, Col. in U. S. Army, father of Mrs. Judge Bell and Mrs. Dr. 
Thompson. Hon. John S. Pendleton, member of Congress and Minister to Chili, 
Major Philip Williams, father of George M. Williams. Jeremiah Latham. St. 
Pierre Shackelford. Wm. G. Allan, father of J. M. and A. M. Allan. Richard 
Jeffries, grand-father of W. L and J. L. Jeffries. Martin Slaughter w-ho built 
brick house (now jail). James B. Clayton. Thomas Bell. Thomas W. Light- 
foot, Clerk from 181G to 1831, father of Frank Lightfoot. Col. David Jameson, 
father of David and Washington Jameson. Col. John Thorn, of Berry Hill. 
Robt. N. N orris, father of Miss Bell Norris. Thos. Knox, father of the old mer- 
chant Thomas F. Knox, of Fredericksburg. Wm. Clayton Williams, father of 
Lewis B. Williams of Orange; was an eminent lawyer. Thos. Hall, old mer- 
chant, lived at old Hall farm. Robt. Green, son of Col. John Green, of the 
Revolution and brother of Genl. Moses Green. Reuben Fry, son of Rev. Hen- 
ry Fry, built the house where Ed. Lightfoot died, was father of Judge Fry of 
West Virginia and Philip S. Fry, Clerk of Orange. Mtij. John Roberts offi- 
cer of Revolution and grand-father of John Strother and Dr. Johnson Strother, 
Past Master of this Lodge. Wm. Broadus, Clerk from 1^11 to 1810. Ze])haniah 


Turner, and John Turner. Robert Jx)jyll. Wni. Hurt, Jones Green, Geo. Fick- 
len, AVni. Conner, Ninirod Pophani, Thos. Porter, Wni. Ward and Moses Saninel. 

"A ball Avas jj^iven in this Lod<2:e room and by the Lodt^e to the Marquis l)e 
La Fayette, upon his visit to this eountry in 1822. La Faj-ette was aj^-reat Ma- 
son as well as a distiu^'uished General and was the bosom friend of George 

"Culpeper was as famous then, as she has always been, for her beautiful 
wonien, and La Fayette is said to have remarked on that occasion that he had 
never seen prettier women. 

"The Lodge continued to work under this charter of 1794 till the year 1817. 
But we no record of their meetings after January, 1801. Tlioir building 
was burned in the year 1816 or '47. In 1855, the Lodge was reorganized under a 
new (diarter but with the sam3 name and number and met in the V^erandah 
Building. The officers were F. Mauzy, Master, Dr. P. C Slaughter, Sr. War- 
den, J. L. Burrows, Jr. Warden. In the year 1858 the present building was 
erected by the subscriptions of the members of the Lodge with such aid as 
could be obtained from other Masons. 

"During the war between the States the work of the Lodge was suspended 
from 18(51 to 1865. Durmg the occupation of the town by the Federal army in 
*ie summer of 1863, under Gen. Pope, the Lodge room was broken open and the 
Hall was greatly damaged, the furniture all destroyed and the charter, regalia, 
jewels and books of the Lodge carried away. These books contained all the 
minutes and ])roceedings of the Lodge from its organization down to the year 
1801. Only one of these books has been recovered and fortunately that is the 
one containing the minutes ffom the organization down to 1891, together with 
a copy of the charter issued by Grand Master John Marshall. This old book 
was sent by one Wm. J. Jenks, in 1884, just ten years ago to the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania, and by that Lodge ordered to be sent to the Grand Lodge of 
Virginia, which was done and that Lodge sent it to tliis Lodge. No more in- 
excusable act of vandalism was perpetrated during the war. The damages 
were assessed in August, 18ij5, at $1,169.05 and certified to by the Federal odi- 
cer then in command of what was then termed the "Sub District of Culpeper." 
It is hoped that the time will come when these damages will be i)aid by the 
U. S. Government as well as all other damages done to other Masonic property 
and to churches. 

"On the 30th of August, 1865, the Lodge held its first meeting after the war 
under dispensation from the Grand Lodge .dated 34th. of Aug. 1865. The meet- 
ing was held in the office of Dr. R. S. Lewis over Alcocke's store. The officers 
then were G. D. Gray, W. M., who had been Master since 1858, C. T. Crittenden, 
S. W., R. S. Lewis, J. W., L. C Turner, Secty., Wm. M. Thompson, S. D., F. 
D. Johnson, J. D., J. L. Burrows, Tyler. The Lodge met in their Hall the 
26th. of January, 1866, and G. D. Gray was requested to visit Baltimore and 
other i)laces to solicit aid to purchase carpet, jewels, &c.; under this resolution 
he visited Baltimoi-e and obtained money sufficient for these purposes and the 
Lodge passed resolutions of thanks to these Lodges on the 2:Jrd. of Feb. 1866. 
The Hall had then been papei*ed and carpeted &c.. 

"Fayette Mauzy, Clerk of this County from 1838-73, 35 years, was a man of 
rare intelligence and geniality of nature; he had a meinory unsurpassed in ten 
acity and accuracy and enjoyed the unwavering confidence of the ])eople and 
of the bar and l)ench. He was greatly beloved by his brethren of the Lodge, 
and indeed by the whole comnnmity. ' He was ready at all times to give infor- 
mation and advice to those who needed it. His most striking characteristic 
perhaps was his wonderful equanimity of temper. Diogenes hardly excelled 


"When Alexander the Great was at the city of Corinth during: the Persian 
war he was visited by many statesmen and philosophers who came to do him 
honor and he hoped that Diop^enes would have come with them, but as he did 
not, Alexander went to see him and he found him lyinjjr in the sun and taking? 
little notice of the ^reat General. Alexander asked him how he could serve 
him. 'Only stand a little out of my sunshine' said Diogenes. Alexander was 
struck Avith surprise at findiufj: himself so little rej^arded and saw something so 
great in that carelessness that while his courtiers were ridiculing the Philoso- 
pher he said: 'if I were not Alexander I would wish to be Diogenes.' Fayette 
Mauzy would have received a visit fi'om Alexander or Napoleon or from a 
greater man tlian either, Robt. E, Lee, with the same composure but with 
more politeness than was shown by Diogenes to Alexander. He was always 
polite and courteous to every onelind ready to serve them. 

"Dr. Philip C. Slaughter was a man of great sagacity and capital sense and 
though somewhat "reserved and peculiar he wielded great influence in the 
county. He was truly a zealous Mason and rarely failed to attend the meet- 
ings of the Lodge, and although for miny years S. W., he was like the 
Ephraimites who wanted to pass over the Jordan but could not give the true 
Shibboleth. He could never give the true response of his office. His death on 
the 19th. of June, 1866, occurred at the Lodge room in this place; he wasthftn 
S. W. jjrotem and we were giving the Master's degree to J. S. Grinnan. 

"What shall we say of our faithful and zealous Chaplain, John Cole, one 
of nature's noblemen, and one of God's highest and best gifts to man, for his 
life was devoted to all that was noble and good and true. No thought of wrong 
ever entered his mind or disturbed his high purposes. He had a virtue which 
no power could tempt and a courage no danger could sliake, and although his 
face and bearing to some might seem austere, his big heart was as tender and 
gentle and soft as a woman's. 

"Dr. Wm. M. Thompson, so long J. W., full of humor and fun and of gi'eat 
kindness of heart, full of sympathy for the distressed. He was a man of sing- 
ularly pure and upright character, honored and respected by all who knew 
him. Perfectly devoted to his family and always in a good humor. His home 
was the place where he was most loved and by wife and children he was con- 
sidered without fault. He had a way, long to be remembered, of asking assent 
to every proposition or opinion advanced by himself with the question "Don't 
you think so." 

"Jesse L. Burrows, the faithful Tyler of the Lodge for more than 50 years. 
The sacred oracles at Delphi were not guarded with more fidelity than did 
this faithful sentinel guard the entrance of his Lodge. He loved his Lodge and 
his heart was full of charity and love for all his brethren, and he was ready to 
serve them at all times with alacrity and pleasure. 

"Charles Ed. Lightfoot, fitted by nature to command, was one of the best 
Masters that ever presided over the Lodge, and was as true and Knightly a 
Cavalier as ever drew sword in defense of his country. In his dealings with 
his fellow men, no one possessed a higher sense of honor. 

"Of the ante- war Masons there are not more than half a dozen left. The 
memory of thftse brethren and their deeds is gradually fading away. How for- 
cibly these memories impress ui>on us the solemn lessons taught us so beauti- 
fully in the Master's Degree. 'Man that is born of a woman is of few days and 
full of trouble. He cometii forth as a flower and is cut down. He fleeth as a 
shadow and continueth not.' '(,)ur life is as a vapor that appeareth for a lit- 
tle while and then vanisheth away.' The hearts of the strongest of us are but 
as muffled drums beating funeral dirges to the grave." 



To-day Culpeper, the old town of Fairfax, is a thrifty place of some 2000 
people. The town contains a number of handsome residences, with large greeh 
^awus and beautiful shade trees, the delight of the Southern people. It is sup- 
plied with first class hrick sidewalks, and a system of water works that is of 
great advantage, the natural pressure being entirely sufficient for all purposes. 

The present municipal government is as follows; Maj^or, John Strode Bar- 
bour; Recorder and Assessor, G. Chapin Lightfoot; Treasurer, G. W. Keerl; 
Councilmen, R. B. Macoy, W. A. Ashby, J. H'. Traylor, J. W. Swan, David 
Baily and Robert F. Booton; Town Sergeant, A. P. Hill. 

There is a bank, C. J Rixey, pi-oprietor, and two weekly newspa- 
pers, the Culpeper Exponent, established 1881, Raleigh T. Green, editor 
and proprietor; and the Culpeper Enterprise, J. T. Wampler, editor and 

There are two drug stores, Joseph B. Gorrell's, established in 1858, and R. 
B. Macoy's, a roller flour mill with a capacity of 135 barrels a day. Fray & Co., 
grain commission merchants, successors of Waite, Miller & Company, several 
dry goods stores, two furniture stores, two jewelry establishments, two under- 
takers, one marble yard, iron foundry, machine shop, two hardware stores, 
one Baptist, Episcopal, Catholic, Presbyterian and Methodist church. Large, 
modern and commodious public school buildings for both white and col- 
ored. A female seminary, &c., &c. 

The resident physicians are: Drs. W. J. Strother, A. S. Rixey, E. H. Lewis 
and H. T. Chelf. The lawyers are Messrs. G. D. Gray, D. A. Grimsley, J. C. 
Gibson, W. L. Jeffries, J. L. Jeffries, J. S. Barbour, Burnett Miller, T. Edwin 
Grimsley, Chas. M. Waite, E. H. Gibson, C. J. Rixey Jr., D. J. F. Strother and 
Raleigh T. Green. 

The county government is as follows: Judge of the Circuit Court, Daniel 
A. Grimsley; Judge of the County. Court, William L. Jeffries; Attorney for the 
Commonwealth, Chas. M. Waite; Clerk of the County and Circuit Courts, 
Warren E. Coons; Treasurer, S. Russell Smith; Sheriflf, A. W. Pulliam; Sur- 
veyor, J. R. P. Humphries; Commissioners of the Revenue, John A. Holtzman 
and Russell H. Yowell; Superintendent of Public Schools, James M. Beckham; 
Member of the State Senate, John L. Jeffries; Member of the House of Dele- 
gates, S. R. McClanahan; Member of Congress from this district, John F. 

Besides Culpeper, the county seat, other towns and villages are: Brandy 
Station, Mitchell's Station, Richardsville, Germanna, Raccoon Ford, Rapidan, 
Jeffersonton, Rixeyville, Hom3land, Eggbornsville, Boston, Stevensburg, Lig- 
num, Hudson's Mill, Crooked Run, Clarkson, Kelly's Ford, Winstonville, Oak 
Shade (the seat of Little Fork Church) and Waterloo. 

The present county officers of Rappahannock county are as -follows: 
Circuit Judge, C. E. Nicol, of Prince William county; County Judge, H. M. 
Dudley (succeeded J. F. Strother); Clerk, Thomas F. Haywood; Sheriff, N. J. 
Cropp, Jr.; Treasurer, B. J. Wood; Commonwealth's Attorney, Horace G. 
Moffett; Superintendent of Schools, H. M. Miller; Surveyor, J E. Sutphin; 
Member of House of Delegates, G. W. Settle; Member of Congress from the dis- 
trict, James Hay, of Madison county. The county seat is Washington. Other 
towns are Sperryville, Amissville, Woodville, Laurel Mills, Gaines X Roads, 
Slate Mills, Flint Hill and Castleton. 

The county officers of Madison county are as follows: Circuit Judge, D. A. 
Grimsley, of Culpeper; County Judge, F. M. McMullan; Clerk, N. W. Crisler; 
Treasurer, H. P. Smith; Slieriff, D. M. Pattie; Commonwealth's Attorney, 
James E. Thrift. Madison C. H. is the countv seat. Other towns and villages 
are: Haywood, Criglersville, Oak Park, Dulihsville, Fray, Peola Mills, Graves 
Mill, Rochelle, Twyuian's Mill, Locust Dale, Wolftown and Nether's Mill. 



The followinf? is an address which was delivered by tlie late Rev. Philip 
Slauf^'hter, D. D., on the occasion of the presentation on the (ith. of September, 
1887, of a flag to the Culpeper Minute Men. The rei)]y of the late Judge John 
W. B(.41, who received the flag- on behalf of the company, is also given. 

"As the son of one of the original Minute Men of 1775, I naturally feel an 
interest in their history. And as I happen to have the only contemporary 
record of their first formation, I have thought it might have some interest for 
you. The late Captain Slaughter, of Slaughter's Mountain, left a journal of 
hife daily life from the year 1775 (when, at the age of sixteen. years, he joined 
Capt. John Jameson's companj- of Minute Men, to the year of his death), cov- 
ering a period of 75 years. In this journal he recorded the first formation of 
the Minute Men of Culpeper, their first march to Williamsburg, and his daily 
marches throughout the Revolutionary Wai*, including a minute detail of the 
battles of Brandy wine and Grermintown; of the dreadful winter at Valley 
Forge, near Philadelphia, where some officers were reduced to a single shirt, 
and had to wraj) themselves in a blanket while that shirt was washed, and had 
to cut up the l)ody of the shirt to make collars when tUey appeai'ed on parade, 
until the yoke and sleeves were all that remained; and the soldiers left the 
Ijrint of their naked feet upon the cold snow. Some officers were better off, 
and he tells an anecdote of his mess mate, Lieut. John Marshall (the embryo 
Chief Justice) who had the only pair of silk stockings in the regiment. Just 
before the battle of Brandywine, Marshall wore his stockings to an evening 
party in tlie country, and slept that night in camp upon a bed of leaves. At 
midnight alarm guns were fired, and ]\larshall not being al)le to find his stock- 
ings in the dark, set fire to the leaves, which burned a hole in his stockings, 
into which he thrust his feet, and away he went in that comical costume. 

"Capt. Slaughters war journal was taken by the Federals when my house 
was pillaged during the Civil War. There was, however, a duplicate of the 
first twelve pages in the autlior's autograph, and it so happened that these 
pages contain the account of the time, place and circumstances of the organi- 
zation of the Minute Men of Culpeper. Before I read soma extracts from the 
journal it may be well to remind you of the palitieal situ itian that'Ied up to 
these events. 

"The year 1775 was the transition era from a monarchy to a republic. 
When Lord Dunmore, fearing the resentment of the people for his removal of 
the gun-powder from the magazine at Williamsburg, had taken refuge on a 
man-of-war, Jiritish rule had practically ceased in what used to be called his 
Majesty's "Ancient Colony and Dominion of Virginia," but the republic had 
not been formally inaugurated. In this emergency it became necessary to 
take measures of self defence. The people met in convention July 17th., 1775. 
The convention appointed a general committee of safety lor the colony and di- 
rected committees of safetv to be chosen bv the freeho ders in each county. 

Upon these committees was devolved the supreme executive authority. The 
military consisted of two regiments of regulars, commanded by Patrick Henry 
and William Woodford— and of the militia. The county lieutenant and com- 
mander-in-chief of the militia of Culpeper was James Barbour, the great-grand- 
father of the Hon. John S. Barbour and James Barbour, who was once a rep- 
resentative from this county. 

"The convention also divided the colony into 16 districts, in each of which 
a battalion of 500 men was to be raised and disciplined to marcK at a moment's 
warning. This district was composed of the counties of Fauquier, Culpeper 
and Oi'ange, and the committee of safety commissioned Lawrence Taliaferro, 
of Orange, to be the colonel; Edward Stevens, of Culpeper, to be the lieuten- 
ant colonel; and Thos. Marshall, of Fauquier, the father of Chief Justice Mar- 
shall, the major of this battalion. They also commissioned ten captains for 
the companies into which the battalion was distributed. 

"Captain Slaughter only gives the name of the captain of the company to 
which he belonged, to-wit: John Jameson, the grandfather of your townsman, 
Mr. Philip Jameson, who was then clerk of the cbunty. One of them probably 
was Capt. Nat. Pendleton, who was the ancestor of George H. Pendleton, once 
Minister at Berlin. Others may have been captain afterwards. General James 
Williams, who has so many descendants in the county, and Major John Wil- 
liams, the ancestor of the Pattons, who were so prouiinent in the late war, and 
Captain James Pendleton, the ancestor of the Hon. John S. Pendleton, Capt. 
Philip Clayton and Col. James Slaughter, who were with the Minute Men in 
in the first battle in Virginia. The camp of the Minute Men was in Major 
Clayton's old field (Catalpa), and the precise spot was marked within my mem- 
ory by a grand old oak, which, with all its honors, the woodman 'would not 
spare.' The author of the journal thus describes the meeting of the Minute 

'We encamped in Clayton's old field. Some had tents, and others huts of 
plank, &c. The whole regiment appeared according to orders in hunting 
shirts made of strong, brown linen, dyed the color of the leaves of the trees, 
and on the breast of each hunting shirt was worked in large white letters the 
words, 'Liberty or Death' ! and all that could procure for love or money 
bucks' tails, wore them in their hats. Each man had a leather belt around his 
shoulders, with a tomahawk and scalping-knife. The flag had in the center a 
rattlesnake coiled in the act to strike. Below it were the words, 'Don't tread 
on me !' At the sides, 'Liberty or Death' ! and at the top, 'The Culpeper 
Minute Men.' 

'During our encampment an express arrived from Patrick Henry, com- 
mandant of the First Virginia Continental Regiment, by order of the commit- 
tee of safety, then sitting in the city of Williamsburg, requesting the Minute 
Men to march immediately to that city, as Governor Dunmore had conveyed 
powder and military stores from the magazine to a British man-of-war, etc., 
etc. The Minute Men immediately made ready and marched with all possible 
dispatch, and in a few days reached the city of Williamsburg. Many people 
hearing that we were from the backwoods, near the Indians, and seeing our 
dress, were as jnuch afraid of us for a few days as if we had been Indians; but 
finding that we were orderly and attentive in guarding the city, they treated 
us with great respect. We took great pride in demeaning ourselves as patriots 
;;nd gentlemen. The Minute Men were chiefly armed with fowling-pieces and 
squirrel-guns, and Dunmore having retired to the man-of-war, one-half of the 
men returned home. My father remained, but insisted that I should go back 
to school, I not being quite seventeen years old. This, by the advice of friends, 

I af?ree(l to do. Those Minute Men who remained under the command of Col. 
Edward Stevens, of Culpeper, and Major Tom Marshall, of Fauquier, had the 
honor of being at the battle of the Great Bridge, that being the lirst battle 
fought in Virginia. They were also at Norfolk when that city was burned. 

'In the spring of '76 I again left school and enlisted as a soldier in Captain 
John Jameson's troop of cavalry, but before the company was ready to march 
I was appointed by the committee of safety a lieutenant in Capt. Gabriel 
Long's company of riflemen. We raised the company and marched to join the 
army under Gen. Washington, in New York. In the spring of '77 we joined 
the 11th. Va. Continental Regiment, in New Jersey, which was commanded by 
Daniel Morgan.' 

"This is all in the journal which concerns the Minute Men of Culpeper. 

"So many of the Culpeper companies having been in the course of the war 
absorbed into the Continental regiments that, by Act of Assembly October, 
1776, they were dissolved and merged in the militia. Thus, though the men 
were fighting on every field, the name no lonj^er survived. When the name 
had been buried nearly a century and the blast of the bugle was again heard 
In tiie land, the sires rose in the persons of their sons, unfurled the old flag, 
disclosing its emblem ready to strike, and rattling the warning, 'Don't tread 
on me.' The Minute Men were reorganized, with Tazewell Patton, a graduate 
of the Virginia Military Institute, for their captain. In 1860 a flag was pre- 
sented to them by that unique orator, John S. Pendleton, who stirred their 
hearts with his burning words. Captain Patton rapidly rose to be colonel of 
the 7th. Virginia Infantry, and after braving the battle and the breeze on ma- 
ny a hard-fought field, fell in that dreadful charge of Pickett's Division on the 
Heights of Gettysburg in 1868. His body, after lying eml)almed in a vault at 
Baltimore, was re-interred in the Stonewall cemetery at Winchester, at dead of 
night, in the same grave with that of his brother George, colonel of the 22nd. 
Virginia Infantry, who, while commanding a brigade in the battle of Winches- 
ter, was mortally wounded by a shell in 1864. And these two gallant, loving 
brothers embi'aced each other in the dust of one grave. Three streams of 
Revolutionary blood met in their veins — that of the Minute Men of Culpeper, 
Major John Williams and Capt. P. Slaughter, and that of Gen. Mei'cer, the he- 
ro of Princeton. 

"And this reminds me of an incident in Gen. Meiver's life, pertinent to the 
present occasion. When a captain under Washington, in the war against the 
Indians and French in 1775, his right arm being shattered by a ball, he became 
separated from his company, and with the Indians whooping in hot pursuit, 
he only escai)ed by hiding in a hollow tree, upon which they sat without dis- 
covering him. Having a wilderness of 100 miles to traverse he was only saved 
from starvation by killing a rattlesnake, upon which, and some roots, he sub- 
sisted until he reached Fort Cumberland. It was fitting that the son of a sire 
who had fed upon a rattlesnake should command a company flag was 
emblazoned with a picture of that animal, and which was a/u; slmik of the flag 
under which his ancestor naarched through the wilderness to Willamsburg in 
1775. There appeared in the London Morning Chronicle, of Feb. 25, 1776, a re- 
markable article in these words: 'The Americans have a flag with a snake 
with 13 rattles on it, in the attitude to strike, and with the motto, 'Don't tread 
on me.' It is a rule in heraldry that the worthy properties of an animal on a 
crest should alone be considered. The rattlesnake is an emblem of America, 
being found in no other part of the world. The eye excels in brightness. It 
has no eye-lids, and is therefore an emblem of vigilance. She never begins an 
attack, and never surrenders, and is therefore an emblem of magnanimity. 


She never wounds until she has given warning. Her weapons are not display- 
ed uncil drawn for defence. Her power of fascination resembl(3s America — 
those who look steadily on her are involuntarily drawn towards, and having 
once approached, never leave her. She is beautiful in youth, and her beauty 
increases with age. Her tongue is forked as lightning. 

"Captain Patton was succeeded by his lieutenant, Capt. Crittenden, who 
soon rose to the command of a regiment, whose flag he follow cd in many a 
bloody battle, and is with us to-day, a battle-scarred veteran, still owning the 
flag, all tattered and torn, presented by Pendleton to Patton in 1860. The 
Minute Men of Culpeper were again reorganized in 1879 by Capt. Wm. Nalle, a 
graduate of the Virginia Military Institute. His lot has fallen in times of 
peace, but if ever the occasion comes to "flash his maiden sword," he will 
doubtless bear himself as becomes a Minute Man of Culpeper. And this brings 
me to your present gallant captain (Burrows), who, though not himself de- 
rived from the Minute men of '75, his better half is; and what is better still, he 
has won his laurels on the field, having shed his blood at Manassas, and been 
captui-ed in Picket's historic charge at Gettysburg. To him I now present 
this flag in memory of the men who fought our battles in council and in the 
field. Perhaps it may enhance your interest in it to know that it was painted 
for me by a maiden who is a lineal descendant of a Minute Man of '75. And 
now let me say to the young men who have not been promoted to the holy es- 
tate of matrimony, that when the aforesaid Minute Man was made captain in 
the field he wrote the name of his sweetheart upon his commission, vowing 
that it would never be disgraced. Having heard that a powerful rival was be- 
sieging the heart of his beti'othed in his absence, and not being able to get a 
furlough, he sent a sergeant 500 miles to Culpeper, to make a reconnoisance of 
the situation, who reported that the enemy had retreated. After the war they 
were married. Perhaps you would like to know her name — it was Margaret 
French, the same as that of Col. Patton's mother, who was her grand-daugh- 
ter. She was the daughter of French Strother, who represented Culpeper for 
thirty (30) years, and who was Senator when he died. He was a member of 
the Assembly of '70, which gave us our constitution, bill of rights, and act of 
religious freedom. His own son, Geo. French, was a member of Congress from 
Culpeper, as was also his grandson, James French, whose son. Captain John 
Strother, has served in council and in the field. He is represented here to-day 
in the person of Dr. Johnson Sti-other, who also, with Mr. George Williams and 
his son, represent Gen. James Williams, of the Revolution. And I may add 
that a grandson of this romantic marriage is here this morning, a member of 
the present company of Minute Men, as are also two descendants of James Bar- 
bour — the county lieutenant of 1775, whose grandson and great-grandson have 
represented us in Congress, and another of the same name in the General As- 
sembly and the convention." 

judge bell's reply. 
"Dr. Slaughter: 

Rev. Sir. — It gives me the profoundest pleasure to meet and to greet you 
here to-day. I rejoice from the inmost depths of my heart to look upon your 
face again, and to see in it plainly the fading lineaments of your distinguished 
sire who, one hundred and eleven years ago, stood near the wide-s preading and 
historic oak on yonder hill, and helped form and command the first 'Culpep- 
er Minute Men' of 1775, and who threw to the breeze their ever mtnnorable flag 
with the defiant motto, 'Don't tread on me.' 

"They shed lustre on themselves in the Revolution of '70, ani.l have come 
down to posterity with ii .'perishable honor! Glory and honor, and riches and 

.,-V -L 

^famo to tlio illnstriouR old Philip Slau^rhtor of Culpoper. 

"Born and coniiuissioned for an exalted destiny, the old Minute Men of 

Culpeper boldly declared, 'no taxation without representation,' and cour- 

. af?eously adhered to the p^reat preroj?atives of Ma^na Charta, 'life, liberty, and 

_, the pursuit of happiness.' They will live in history and in the heai-ts of the 

people, as lonf? as the love of American liberties survives. 
J "The second company of the Culpeper Minute Men was formed in April or 
May, 185!), just eighty-three years thereafter. Impelled by the like gallant 
spirit that aroused their fathers of '76, they marched out, fought and bled in 
" defense of their personal and property rights, of their constitutional and polit- 
■ ical liberty: a cause than which, none more sacred ever enlisted the feelings 
-and patriotism of men, or employed the strong arm and courage of soldiei-s. 

"Glorious, valorous Minute Men of 1860 ! They, like their illustrious i)red- 
ecessors of '76, 'formed in a minute, marched in a minute, and fought in a 

"Turned over to the Confederate States they wore afterward merged in 
the distinguished and chivalrous 13th. Virginia, once coTumanded by the dis- 
tinguished and gallant Hill, afterwards Lieutenant General of the Confederate 
forces, and the courageous and "bloody 49th.," theii commanded by the gal- 
lant and intrepid Smith, afterwards the War Governor of Virginia. They will 
live in the brilliant liistory of the Southern Confederacy of States, as those of 
'76 do in that of the united colonies of North America. 

"And now, soldiers, can a richer compliment be paid to the 'Minute Men' 
of 1870, than to receive this beautiful and lovely flag, this day presented to you 
by this distinguished and eloquent son of the yet more distinguished old Cap- 
tain Philip Slaughter of Cul])eper. 

"As I behold you standing before me, I recall an incident Avhich, if my 
memory does not fail me, I read in the history of the campaigns of Frederick 
the Great. At night-fall, after one of those sanguinary, but victorious en- 
~ gagements, which crowned him as the mightiest captain of his age, the shat- 
tered and bleeding remnant of one of his legions was ordered ui:> for the roll- 
, call. As the name of each absentee was called, a shout like the sound of a 
trumpet rent the air with the answer, 'dead on the field of honor'! 

"Soldiei's and man, if the roll-call of the 'Minute Men' of a century ago Avas 
" now called, how those brave, grand words would reverberate down the lapse 
of years. 

"You bear on your flag the fierce motto under which they marched to 
death — you bear their name, and though no stern alai-ms now dispel the peace- 
ful quiet of your lives, the strict performance of military duty the soldierly li- 
delity of coiui'ade to comrade, the sleepless vigilance by the bivouac and by 
the camp-fires are youi-s to perform. 

"Bone of their bone, and flesh of their flesh, may you, soldiei*s, prove wor- 
S«thy of your illustrious predecessors; bear aloft their flag untarnished and un- 
veiled, and emulate their examiile in war and their virtues in peace. 

"I accept this flag, Dr. Slaughter in the name of the 'Culpeper Minute 
Men' with the profoundest gratitute and pride." 

The following is the roll of the Minute Men at the beginning of the war l)e- 
tween the states. With some few exceptions, this is the roll of the men as they 
left (yiilpeper for Harper's Ferry, with a partial statement of those killed and 


Tazewell Patton, Captain. Chas. T. Crittenden, Ist. Lieutenant. 

James H. Baughan, 2nd. Lieutenant. B. H. Priddie, ;5rd. Lieutenant. 

Greo. M. Williams, 1st. Serjireant. Ben. H. (jorrell, 3nd. Ser^jeant. 

W. A. Ashby, 3d. Sergeant. A. J. Stofer, 4th. Sergeant. 

W. A. Coppage, Color Sergeant. Z. T. Ross, 1st. Corporal. 

P. L. Jameson, 2nd. Corporal. J. P. Morten, :}rd. Corporal. 

J. J. Utz, 4th. Corporal. 

Privates— Wm. F. Anderson, killed in battle; W. C. Apperson, R. L. Ap- 

person, J. H. Apparson, F. M. Burrows, H. W. Ball, dead: John W. Bell, dead: 

John Brown, dead; H. W. Carpenter, Geo. S. Carter, dead; J T. Finney, dead ; 

Jas. Parish, dead; Bmce Parish, John Freeman, John. W. Fry , Jas.Ji^ Field, 

R. Y. Field, A. F. Gaines, J. C. Gibson after servin;/ a short while organized a 

"company and was assigned to 49th. Va., and elected Col.; Jas. T. Grinnan, G. 

A. Grinnan, killed 12th. May, 1863; G, D. Gray, J. C, Green, Wm. Hill, Charles 

Jenkins, R. S. Jeffries, dead; C. S. Jones, dead; P. S. Jones, Jas. Keys, J. E. 

Lewis, T. M. Lewis, doad; J. M. Lawis, killed in battle: E. P. Long, dead; John 

Lee, J. W. McDaniel, J. P. Starke, J. T. Shepherd, J. W. R. Smith, Brooke 

Roberts, J. W. Slaughter, Clayton Slaughter, Lawis Turner, R. M. Thomas, 

W. A. Thompson, died soon after enlisting aged 17 years; Jas. Wood, J. M. 

Wood, H. C. Pendleton, Jas. H. Patton, J. R. R. Tapp, J. T. White, John 

Steward, dead; Dr. R. S. Lewis, Surgeon, dead; Mead Battle, Ben Battle, Jas. 

Vass, Geo. F. Vass, John Lawrence, Minnis Jameson, George W. Jameson, 

John Rivercomb, Jacob Barnes, Hugh Patton 

■ Lieutenant J. H. Baughan was appointed Quartermaster and Commissary 
bv Colonel Hill in Spring of 18'31; Sergeant W. A. Ashby was appointed at 
same time Quartermaster Sergeant of Regiment. This company Avas disband- 
ed in fall of 1862, and all of its men went into service again in different branch- 
es of the services. 

THE ROLL OF 1898. 
The Minute Men were in the Third Virginia Regiment. The following 

regimental officers were from Culpeper. 

Colonel William xXalle. Charles J. Rixey, Jr., Adjutant and Lieut. 
Silas L. Cooper, Quartermaster and Lieutenant. 
John R. Cooper, Quartermaster Sergeant. 
The Minute Men enlisted in the United States Volunteer army in the Span- 
ish war, but did not do any service at the front. They were mustered out af- 
ter about six months. The following is the roll of the members from Culpep- 
er, Madison and Rappahannock, the ranks of the company being tilled by men 
from other parts of the state. 

Thomas E. Grimsley, Captain. 

S. A. Shadrach, 1st. Lieutenant. Frederick P. Hudgins, 2nd. Lieutenant. 

Robert H. Howard, Ist. Sergeant. J. Williams Jones, 2nd. Sergeant. 

Henry O'B. Cooper, 3rd. Sergeant. Charles E. Mosby, 4th. Sergeant. 


Reuben N. Howard. Charles E. Kilby. 

John A. Croisant. John E. Dennis. 

Benjamin F. Estes. James H. Filling. 

William G Johnson, Wagoner. Franklin K. Williams, Artificer. 

Privates. ^ 

Nelson Abel, Charles E. Atkins, Peyton Anderson, Otis Burgandine, James 
E. Brown, Ernest L. Bibb, Eugene Bowen, Alden'' A. Bell, Frank Barham, 
Samuel T. Byram, Roscoe C. Bruce, John W. Broy, Luther Brown, Charles L. 

Curtis. Kiclijird H. Dennis, (Miarlfs F. Davis, Ei)pa Doal, William T. Edwards, 
Francisco C. Klkins, dead; Joseph T. Folty-,J olin H. Finl<s. James B. Freeman, 
Tiiomas H. Freeman, John W. Green, Ilerhert R. Grimth, died; E^'ht-rt H. 
Hudson, HaiU'v Hawkins, Josei)h ( ;. Hawley, A. H. Hawley, Paid Hanshrou^li, 
Ernest Hanshrouji'ii, diaries F. Jolm^on, Joseph Johnson, John W. JelTerson, 
William JefTerson, William W. Kilhy. William S. Kinp:, Rufus Lillard, Charles 
E. Lillard, Frank R. Lucas, Benjamin M. Marshall, William L. McFarland, 
Thomas H. Miller, William T. Nichols, Isaac H. Nicholson, Beverley Peter, 
John M. Patton, George W. Roach, James A. Roach, Frederick K. Sprinkel, 
(TUstavusB. Sullivan,\William W. Settle,/David P. Stallard, Joliii M. Stone, 
Kdf,'ar Spicer, died; William Tii)ton, Richard P. Thrall, Lawrence H. Thrall, 
James C Williams, (ieorf^e W. Yates. 





Freeman, 1st Lieutenant badly 
(). M ('orhin '2nd. Lieutenant 
St. Pi«'rr(> (iihson 3rd. Lieuten- 

It is nf)t the intention of the publishers to f^Jve a complete Instory of CuL 
pei)er in the (Mvil War. An effort is made to s:ive only the names and records 
of those n)en wlio enlisted on the side of the Confederacy. 


This company was Company D. Fourth Virginia Cavalry, Stuart's Brigade. 
Fitz bee's l^visk)!!. , 

(Japtain Robert E. Utterback after fii-st Battle of Manassas, was promoted 
to Major. J)ied after the war. 

Captain William A. Hill. (Teorpre T. 

wounded at Statesville, dead. 

Wilkins (Joons 2nd Lieutenant, died, 
wounded at Aldie, dead, 

A. C. Jemuufzrs ;5rd. Jiieutenant, died, 
ant killed at Westminster, 

John A. Holtzman ;)rd. Lieutenant wounded at Nancy's Shop. 

George A. Sudduth, Orderly Serti;eant, (-ieor^-e J). Ct)ons. 1st. Serjeant 

wounded at Kellyville, dead, 

John W. lU'll, '>n(L Ser^ireant, W. H. Cole, :]rd. Ser^'eant. killed at 

Fisher's Hill, 

A. L. Stallard. 4th. Sergeant, Georf?e W. Shaw, 1st. Corporal. wi)und- 

ed at Spottsylvania Court House, died, 

Gideon M<d)onald. 3nd. Corporal, wounded at Five Forks, died. S. M. 

Newliouse, 8rd. (Jori)oral, 

Deiujis Kelley, 4th. Corporal, l)adly wounded at Spottsylvania ('. H. 

Privates— Amiss W. b., AnnssS. Y., Armstrong,' A. J., Adam John (t., Adam 
Willie, Allen W. H., liall Daniel F., Bu^der, Browninjr W. L., Bywaters Johu 
E., Bywaters Addison, Bywaters Smith, taken prisoner and died; Bywaters R. 

F. (Ipad; Bray Alpheug, Qannoji^W. G. dead: (Camion John H. dead; Colviu W. 
D., (Jorljin])!! R., ('Orhiii Thomas J., (Sorbin Sylvester, dead: Corbin W. 
}^., Corbin A. F. wounded at Spottsyh'ania, C H., Corliin James, dead: (Jouj^h- 
try I. R. wounded, dead; (^oons <t. H. dead; Cooper Ricliard, dead; Compton 
Jolni {'., Cri-ler W. (t., (liiilton S. I^., l)oyh» Wniiam, dead; Doyle James, bad- 
ly wounded at Mrandy; Doores Fred, Didin .Jhimes, badly wounded at States- 
ville: ])ulin Edwin killed at Spottsylvania ('ourt House; Dofiffi'ett M. J., killed 
by liti'htning: after the war; Kniljrcx- Fred horse killed under him by a cannon 
iiall: Eiiibrey Silas, Klly Th.omas N., di ad: Im'iwukIs 1. F. dead; Freeman W. 
11., Fieklen jose])h, Field Charles Daniel, ilaekley Joseph IF, Hoffman F. E., 
Hoffman John, died; Hill Henry, dead; Ihuue Westley, Hol)son Matthew, Jof- 
Iries Oetavus, Jeffries Hill, Jeffries Marion, Jeffries, (ieorj^'e, Kilby James P., 
Kill)y Walter, Kines Jack, died: ivines Tho:ji;is, Loyd A. W., deserted; Lut- 
trell R. Thomas, die<l: Luttrell H. E , Lattrell M. fC waunded at Spottsylvania 
Court House, dead: Luttrell R D. WDunded at St.itesville; Lake IsaaeX., Lyon, 
on John W. dead: liiwler Montj^omery, Lear Jauu^s, i^ear William, killed in 
tlie valley; Ne\vui;ui Alex, McDonald W. M , McDonald James, McDonald John 
wounded at Spottsylvania ('ourt House; McDonald L H., McDonald ('o leman. 
died, McT^onald H. W., Myers (xeorii-e A. liorse killeil under him by a canmTn 
ball; Myers John W., d('ad;,JJvei\iJjjLUUi.s, Miller (xeori^v H., McCcu-miek A. W. 
ileCormick J. T., McVeiii;h Harvey, Payne (J. 1^., Payne Benjamin, dead; 
'J^arr A. W.. killi'dat tlie White House; Peai-son L C, Wounded and died; Perry 
(). P., Ross James 1'., R )b n-son Walter S., dead; Roberts Josejjh, dead; 
Rivercomb John killi (1 in thf valley; Smith W. E., Smith John, had a horse 
killed under l)y a shell; Smitli Jaiiu s, Stallard Joseph H., dead; Stallard 
James, dead; St L!la:-d M iJvellus,^S.'ttk- H. F., killed at the White House; Sil- 
vey Josepli H., dead; Seott \V. H., Stu irt B. P., Stuart W. H., Spindle J. M., 
Shaw Richard killed at St.-itesville; Taylor Daniel, Triplett G. S. P., Wood P., 
dead; Wood W. W., Wood Lewis L., dead; Wayman James W., Wayman John 
J., Wrenn P. M., Wo:> lyard M. D., bxdly wounded at Statesville; Yates Benj., 
Vates Booten, badly wounded and died, Yates A. J., dead. 

Explanation. — The word dead denotes those who have died sinc(^ the war. 
The v^'ord died those who died durinjij the war. A star coulil have been used 
aj^ainst those who displayed ^reat couraR-e, a ^ood and brave soldier, but it 
would have required discrimination 


Captain,.'. (J. Porter, promoted colonel. 

First I..ieutenant, James W. Green, i)ronioted major and C. S. 

Second Lieutenant, .loliu R. Strother, i)roinoted captain; discharged 180'2; 
joined Mosby's command. 

Third JJentenant, Daniel Brown, disc-harmed 1802. 
First Serfjeant, Philip Ashl)y, promoted captain; wounded "02 at NVilliamsburg. 
Sergeant, William Api)erson, killed 1H(;'2 at Fraziers Farm. 
Sergeant, W. J>. Brown, pronK)ted lieutenant; resigned 1802. 
Corporal, William H. Strother, ])romoted sergeant; died 1802 of fever. 
(Jorporal, J. W. (barter. Corporal, John Heaton. 

AshV»y, Dr. .lohn W., promoted surgeon; died 1807 in Mississippi. 
Apperson, William, i)romoted corporal; killed in seven days light at Richmond. 
Barbour, Dr. Bidwin, killed May .~)th, 1804, at Wilderness. 

Byron, ('harles, promoted sergeant; wounded '02 at second Manassas; died '03. 
Bolen, Ell., killed 1802 at Fraziers Farm. 

P>asliaw, John, promoted second sergt^ant; wounded June 30, 1802, at FrazieFs 
farm; July :'., 1808, at (lettysburg; May 10, lis04, at ]h-ewry's Bluff; captured 

A[)ril 1, I860, at i'ive Forks; hehi at I'oint Lookout. 

Battle, Ricliard, killed'lSdl nearUi)tou Hill. 

Battle, Benjamin, aceidentally killed Auj^ust, 1801. 

Bowers, R. A., promoted ensitjfn; distOiarged August, 18(53. 

Bowers, Robert. 

lieckham. A. Camp, cadet Vii-f^inia Military Institute; promoted captain; 
wounded September 11, 18(52, tit Sharpsl)urj<; lost a leg; died June, 188:5. 

Beckham, Dr. H. C, promoted lieutenant Co. E, 7th Virginia Infantry, then 

Bickers, John, discliarged 1802. 

Burk, Frank, wounded 18f51 at Upton Hill. 

Brown, William H. 

Brown, D., promoted lieutenant; captured and held at Fort Warren; 
died 18S1. 

Burruss, John. Barber, Ed. 

Colvin, (xabriel, wounded July 21, ISOI, at first Manassas; died September fol- 

Crutchlield, Peter. 

Creel, J. W., captured 18(53 in James City county; held at Wa.shington. 

Davis, W. A., wounded June 30, 1862, at Fraziei-s farm; killed June 17, 18(54, at 
Howlett House. 

Davis, Thomas, killed July 3, 1863, at riottysburg. 

England, Rol)ert, enlisted 1863; killed May, 1864, at Milford Station. 

Eggborn, William H. Fox, (Tcorge. 

Fox, Thomas F., captured April 1, 1865, at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout. 

Feeley, , discharged 1863. 

Fouchee, David, wounded June 30, 18(52, at Frazier's farm; killed July 3, 1863. 
at CTettysl)urg. 

Fouchee, Daniel M., killed July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg. 

(raines, John, captured 18(54 at Milford; held at Point Lookout. 

Garnett, Joseph, discharged 1861. Hull, John. 

Hull, Charle-s W., died at Lynchburg Hospital 1862. 

Hacklea, , wounded 1863 at Williamsburg. 

Hei.sel, John, killed 1862 at Frazier's farm. 

Hill, W. H., promoted first corporal; killed July 3, 186 5, at Gettysburg. 

Hume, B. W., captured April 5, 18(5r), at Five Forks; held at I'oint Lookout- 
Jenkins, Fountain, captured 1864 at Milford; held at Point Lookout. 

Jenkins, Frank, captured 18(54 at Milford, held at Point Lookout. 

Kilby, Amos. 

Kahl, William, enlisted 1862; wounded December 13, 1862, at Fredericksburg; 
never heard of since. 

Lewis, William Wallace, promoted hospital steward. 

Malton, Jame.s, died November 15, 1863. Z"r 

Melton, James. - Melton, Robert. 

Milton, James, killed. Mathews, Josepli. 

Mitchell, Henry, killed August 31, 18(53, at Manassas. 

Narr, Henry. Oden, Alexander. 

Pennell, Jerry, promoted second lieutenant; killed May 5, '63, at Williamsburg. 

]*arker, Horace H. (served in the Mexican war; detailed as engineer), died Aug- 
ust 39, 1870. 

Perry, George P., discharged Septeml)er, 1862. 

Perry, George, transferred to another company 1861. 

l*ayne, Charles. 


I'etty, William C, enlisted Fel)rnary, 18(j4. 

Bowles, Dr. E. T., captured near Rielnnond: held at Point Lookout. 

Keed, Richard. 

Read, R. S., (captured at Trazier's Farm June 80, 1862; held at Fort Delaware 
and Governor's Island; wounded April 1, 18(55, at Five Forks. 

Shadrick, Al)ram, mortally wounded 18(1;} at Gettysbi:rs 

Smith, Phil. D., wounded in arm at first Manassas. 

Smith, George, promoted lieutenant; Avrtunded and captured 18G'> at Gettys- 
burg; held at Johnson's Island. 

Smith, . 

Som*^ivil]e, Robert K., killed 180:1 at Gettysburg. 

Shotwell, John T., promoted corporal ; killed June 80, 1802, at Frazier's Farm. 

SliotM'ell, William, i)romoted hospital steward. 

Smith, W. C, promoted sei-geant. 

Sinims, A. Broaddus, killed May. 1804, at Milfonl. 

Simms, T., promoted sergeant; killed in seven days fight at Richmond. 

X'owles, Joseph, Turner, Frank. 

Turner, B. F., died March, 1884. 

Wilkes, John W., wounded at second Manassas. 

Winst(jn, Arthur, cai)tured 1804 at Milfonl; held at Point Lookout. 

Winston, A. W. 

Willis, A. G., promoted sergeant; captured May, 18G4 at Miil'ord Station; held 
at Point Lookout: 

Willis, Lewis, killed June 30, 1802, at Frazier's Farm. ' 

Yowell, Thomas O., promoted sergeant; cai)tured at Hanover Junction and 
I'ivc Forks; held Point Lookout. 


l?erkh;im, II. C , lieutenant; promoted captain and assistant surgeon. 

Brown, Daniel T., wounded July 8, 180!, at (Tcttysburg. 

Brown, Tiiornton S., captured at Gettysburg July 8, 18ii8; held at Fort Dela- 
ware and Point Lookout eight months. 

Byram, CMiarles, killed 1802. Byram, James M. 

Kggborn, William H., November, 1861, detailed as courier for General John- 
ston; March, 1862, detailed as chief wagon master for Major Alfred Bar- 
bour, then chief quartermaster for General Johnston's army; June, 1808, 
transferred to General Johnston's headquarters. 

Hitt, (xeorge H. 

Jones, George H., promoted sergeant; wounded July 21, 1801, at Manassas; 
captured June 81, 1802, at Frazier's Farm; held at Fort Delaware one month. 

Legg, Alexander F , promoted sergeant; killed 1808 at Gettysburg. 

Legg, John T., promoted sergeant; wounded at first Manassas, Fredericksbui-g 
and Drury's Bluff; captured June, 1802, at Chafiin's Farm, near Richmond; 

held at Fort Delawai-e. 
Noruuin, Joseph T , wounded January 1, 18!i2, at Seven Pines 
Smith, James K. P. Tansill, James G., promoted captain. — t^ 


Captain, William T. Patton, promoted colonel of 7th Virginia Infantry; killed 
July 8, 1808, at Gettysburg. 

Apperson, AV. C. transferred to Co. F. 0th Virginia Cavalry, Wickham's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

Apperson, Richard, enlisted 1802; killed at Petersburg, 1802. 

Beckham, J. T., promoted lieutenant; wounded at Hatcher's Run three times, 
in legs and arms. 


Brown, Edward W., enlisted May, 1865. 

Collins, J. H., captured April 1, 1865, at Richmond; held at Washington. 

Collins, L. F., captured 18(!5 in Autjusta county; held at Fort Delaware. 

Colvin, W. !>., eidisted ManOi 2, 1802; promoted serjireant; captured at Gettye- 
Inirjc; lield at Fort Delaware and Point Lookout. 

Creel, Benjamin F., eniistetl March, 18()2. 

Crittenden, C. T., first lieutenant; jjromoted cajitain, major and lieutenant- 
colonel; wounded three times at Cold Harl)or, May 31 1802, May 'A, 1864, 
and June :5, 18(i4. 

Parish, B. B., transferred March, 18(')2, to Co. E, !>th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz 
Lee's Division, "VV. H. Lee's Brig-ade. 

G-aines, James W., captured at Petersburj^ at the mine explosion. 

Hudson, Champ D., enlisted Sejitember, 1864; killed February 6, 1865. 

Hudson, Joel A., enlisted March, 1802; wounded September 19, 1864, at Win- 
chester; April 1, 181)5, in the trenches on the Appomattox river; (rai)tured 
April :^, 1805, at Richmon«l; held at Point Lookout; released July 8, 1865. 

Hudson, N. D., enlisted March, 1802; wounded June 2, 1804, at Cold Harbor. 

Hudson, Thomas J. 

Jameson, W. C, captured 1802 at Coilpeper; detailed as clerk in enrolling? de- 

Jones, Charles S., transferred 1802 to Co. H, 0th Virfrinia Cavalry. 

Jones, John O., enlisted Ai)ril, 1802; wounded June, 18(i4, at Richmond; wound- 
ed and captured September 19, 1864, at Winchester; held at Point Lookout. 

Judd, William, wounded May 81, 1862, at Seven Pines; died from the effects. 

Kilby, Andrew T.. enlisted March, 1863; wounded Sei)tember 19, 1864, at Win- 

Kilby, Anslem M.. enlisted April, 1805; captured April, 1805, at Petersburg-; 
held at Point Lookout. 

Kilby, Maroellus, promoted corporal; killed July, 1868, at Louisa C. H. 

Kirby, Willianj H., enlisted 18f>l-; wounded February 6, J865, at Hatcher's Run. 

Lewis, John E., dischai-f?ed October, 1861; appointed to at Culpejjer C. H. 
known as Gulpeper (xuards; served till close of war; wounded July, 1861, at 
Haily's (.'ross Roads. 

Lewis, John M., killed April 2, 1805, at Petersburg?. 

Massey, J. P. B., enlisted April 28, 1802; pi-omoted fourth corponxl. 

Nalle, W. C, detailed by Confederate States Coufrress as miller. 

Pendleton, H. (J., enlisted April 1, 1801; Co. B, l:5tli Virginia Infantry, Jack- 
son's Brigade, Johnston's Division; transferred i^unner in Sturtevant's Bat- 
talion; wounded November 12. 1802, at Petersburi"-. 

Ross, T. W., pi-ouioted sergeant; captured October 19, 1864, at Fisher's Hill; 

lield at Poiiit l>>okout; wounded at Spottsvlvania C. H ; died October 80, 

Ross, Z. T., i)ronioted captain; captured October 19, 1864, tit Fisher's Hill; hehl 
at Fort. Delaware; died February 28, 1884, in San Jacinto county, Texas. 

Rowles, Georf^e W., enlisted May, 1868. 

Scott, William H., captured February 14, 1864, in Culpeper county, while on 
detached duty; held at Fort DelaAvare till October 9, 1864; March 1808, 
joined Co. D, 4th Virjifinia Cavalry, known as "Little Fork Riinjfers;" re- 
turned to army January, 1865. 

Smitli, John Martin, enlisted .\pril, 18fi2; wounded at Seven Pines and (-old 

Tapp, James R., wounded ISO ! at (;iiancellor-<ville; di'tailed 18 U as courier to 
Genei-al R. E. Lee. 

Wise, T. I., i>roii>(>ted corpoitjl; captured and held at }*(»int I^iiuikout eighteen 



Amiss, Carroll., enlisted 1862, at Culpeper; Captain Utterback's Ct uipany Ar- 
tillery; served over two years; killed July 2, 1864, at Petersburg. 

Appersoii, G. F., enlisted 1868; Co. F, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Wiekhani's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; served till clo-se of war in ordnance department. 

Banks, S. N., enlisted 1861, Co. D, 13th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, 
Pickett's Division; discharged and re-enlisted 1862 in Stuart's Horse Artil- 
ery; wounded 1863 at (.Tettysburg; captured 1865 in North Carolina; held in 

Battle, James Robert, enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. C, 13th Virginia Infantry, 
* Pegram's Brigade, Early's Division; lost one eye at Petersburg. 

Beckham, J. Ct., enlisted 1863; Mosby's Battalion; promoted lieutenant. 

Beckham, J. M., enlisted 1861; Co. E, Wheat's Battalion, T^i,ylor's Brigade, 
Ewell's Division; cadet Military Institute; promoted lieutenant. 

Beckham, W. A., assigned to quartermaster's department under A. M. Barbour. 

Berlin, Sanford W., enlisted March 17, 1862, in Alexander's Battery at Fort 
Spottswood; served till May 2, 1862; then temporarily attached to the 5th 
Alabama Battalion; transferred June 26, 1862, Co. M, 55th Virginia Infan- 
try, Walker's Brigade, Hills Division; May 6, 1864, captured in the two 
days figlit at Wilderness; held at Point Lookout till August 10, 1864; trans- 
ferred to Elmira, New York; released July 1, 1865. 

Borst, John B., enlisted March, 1861; Co. K, lOth Virginia Infantry, Stuart's 
Brigade, Jackson's old Division; promoted regimental commissary. 

Bowers, S. Carson, enlisted April, 1861; (^o. E, 4th Virginia Infantry, Stone- 
wall Brigade; ])7-omuted captain. 

Bowman, William B., enlisted September, 1864; Co. H, 10th Virginia Infantry, 
Terry's Brigade, (Gordon's Division; captured April 6, 1865, near Appomat- 
tox; held at Point Lookout four months. 

Bradford, H. (J», enlisted April 18, 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Pegram's 
Brigade. Fitz Lee's Division; captured 1861 at Culpeper; held at Old Capi- 
tol and Point Lookout. 

Bragg. V*. Fj., enlisted April 1, 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Jones' Brigade, 
Fitz's Division; discharged October 15, 1861. 

Brown, A. Hill, enlisted 1862; quartermaster's department. 

Brown, Daniel, enlisted 1862; Mo:^by's command Cavalry; captured 1863 in Fau- 
quier county; held at Fort Delaware. 

Brown, (ieorge W., enlisted May 1, 1861; Co. F, 21st Virginia Infantry, Jones' 
Brigade, Johnston's Division; wounded May 5, 1864; died May 12, 1864. 

Brown. James R., enlisted February, 1862. Co. F. 2ist Virginia Infantry, Ew- 
ell's Brigade, Johnston's Division. 

Brown, Joseph D., enlisted September, 1864; Co. F, Mosby's command; detail- 
ed to supply the army with provisions, 1862; died November 27, 1870. 

Brown W. H., enlisted April 30, 1861, Co. B, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; promoted second sergeant; wounded Julv 3, 
1863, at Gettysburg. 

Burdett, James B., enlisted Octol>er, 1864; Co. A, 7th Virginia Infantry. Pick- 
ett's Division. 

Burke. George F., enlisted 1862; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Bri- 
gade, Stuart's Division; wounded July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg; cajjtured at 
Cold Harbor; held at Point Lookout and died there. 

Burke, James E. enlisted January 1, 1863; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Jones', 
Lomax's, Poague's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division 

Burke, James Elias. enlisted July 15, 1861; Co. K, 4flth Virj^inia Infantry, Ear- 
ly's Brifjade, E well's Division; promoted orderly sergeant; wounded July, 
1863, at Gettysburjj:; captured March 25, 1865, at Petersburg; held at Point 
Lookoi t; released Jane 2:3, 1865. 
Burke, J. l\., enlisted February 14, 1862; Co. B. 6th Virjjinia Cavalry, Fitz 

Lee's Brifjade, Stuart's Division. 
Burke, John M., enlisted 186^; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Jones' Brigavle, 

Hampton's Division; killet? at Si)otsylvania C. H. 
Burke, M. N., enlisted October, 1864; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Loniax's 

Brigade, Stuart's Division; wounded 1864 at Front Royal. 
Burnley, Charles T., enlisted 1862; M Richmond Howitzer Artillery. 
Burrows, H. C, enlisted April 16, 1861; Co. E, 1st Virginia Artillery; first ter- 
geant; wounded July 18, 18(51, at Blackburn's Ford; captured at (ietty8l)urg, 
July 3, 1863; held at Fort Delaware and Point I^ookout. 
Burton, Arthur W., enlisted November. 1863; Co. L, 10th Virginia Infantry, 
Jackson's Brigade, Jackson's Division; wounded at second Manassas, Au- 
gust 27, 1862; at Chancellorsville May 2, '62; at Mine Run November 30, '63. 
Bushong Isaac A., enlisted July, 1861; Co. H, 52d Virginia Infantry, Johnston's 

Brigade; second lieutenant; discharged May, 1862. 
Carrico, William H., enlisted March, 1862; Pelham's Artillery, Fitz Lee's Divis- 
Chadduek, John M., enlisted 1861, at Culpeper; Co. G, 12th Virginia Cavalry; 

wounded 1864 at Charles City; service four years. 
Christian. John T.. enlisted July, 1861; Co. E, 1st Virginia Cavalry, Wickham's 

Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 
Collins, E. B., enlisted 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry, Pegram's Brigade, Pick- 
ett's Division; captured 186.") at Appomattox; held at I'oiiit Lookout; 
Cooper, Alexander H., enlisted April, 1861; Co. I, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Lo- 

max's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 
Coppage, William, enlisted May, 1861; Co. C. 4th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee'^ 

Brigade, Stuart's Division. 
Corbin, Joseph R.,4th Cavalry. 
Corbin, Lemuel A., enlisted 1864: Co. C, Mosby's Command Cavalry wounded 

1864 at Berryville. 
Covington, Robert C, enlisted July 16, 1861; served in liospita! departni?nt at 
Culpeper C. H., Virginia; afterwards acted as wagon master of the '^th 
Georgia till 1862, when discharged. 
Covington. Thomas H., M. D., detailed as physician at home; captured Janu 

ary, 1><64, in Culpeper county; held at Point Lookout. 
Covington, Thomas R., enlisted April, 1862; Co. F, Dth Virginia Cavalry, 
Beale's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded December, 18(>4, near Ream- 
e's Station. 
Creel, Mathew, enlisted 1861, in the Valley of Virginia; 52d Virginia Infantry, 
Early's Brigade, Ewt "s Division; killed August 27. '62 at second Manassas. 
Cunningham, John M., .unlisted September, 18«>1; 1st Virginia Artillery, Jack- 
son's Division; first lieutenant; promoted captain, captured at honie 1S63; 
held at Fort Warren. 
Curtis, T. O., enlisted April 10, 1861; (^o. E, 13th Virginia Infantry. Walker's 
Brigade, Early's Division; promoted lirst sergeant; wounded June 6, 18<'>2, 
at Cross Keys; December 13, 1862;, at Fredericksl)urg; May 19, 18(i4, at Spot- 
sylvania C. H.; captured Mar«-li 28, iy6r), at Petersburg; held at Point 
Daniel, Samuel A., enlisted March 16, 1862; Purcell's Artillery, Hill's division. 


Davis, A., enlisted 18fi3; Co F, Mosby's command; captured July 1863, at Falls 
Church; held at Old Capitol; Washino^ton, D. C, two months. 

Doo^ojett, Basil, enlisted May, 1861; Co. A— Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, Pick- 
ett's Division; wounded at Fredericksburg and Grettysburg: captured 
March, I860, at Richmond; held at Point Lookout. 

Dogf^ett, James, enlisted June 1861; Horse Artillery, Fitz Lee's Division. 

Doggett. Meredith J., enlisted May 1861; Co. A, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Pegram's 
Brigade, Picketfe Division; died August, 1880. 

Doran, Francis B., enlisted April, 1862; Co E, 7th Virginia Cavalry; wounded 
May 5, 1864, at Wilderness. 

Doran. John E . enlisted 1861; Co. A, 11th Virginia Cavalry, (Tarnett's Brigade, 
Jackson's Division; captured in Loudoun county. Virginia: held at Fort 
Delaware; killed. 

Doolin, James A., Co. E, 7th V^irginia Cavalry, Kemper's Brigade, Ewell's Di- 

Duncan, R. R., enlisted August, 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry; promoted 
lieutenant and captain; wounded 1862 at second Manassas; 1864 at Trevil- 
lian's and in the Valley; captured '64 in the Valley; held at Fort Delaware. 

Duncan, V^. F., enlisted 1861; Co. B. 6th Virginia Cavalry, killed May 23, 1862, 
at Cedarville. 

Euibrey, L. J., enlisted April, 1861; Co. A, 9th Virginia Cavalry, Beale's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

Eastham, Philip A., enlisted September, 1861; Co. B, 7th Virginia Cavalry; 
Jones' and Rosser's Brigade, Jackson's Division; first lieutenant. 

Parish. G. G., enlisted September, 1864; Co, E, 9th Virginia Cavalry, W. H. 
Lee's Brigade. Fitz Lee's Division. 

Parish, Robert T., enlisted in Co. E, 9th Virginia Cavalry; W. H. Lee's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; killed September. 1863, in Culpeper county near 
Cedar Mountain while scouting for General Stuart. 

Pant, John S., enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. H, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Wiekham's 
Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded at Winchester September 19, 1863. 

Finks, H. W., enlisted December 1. 1S62; Co. L, 10th Virginia Cavalry, Walk- 
er's Brigade, Ewell's Division; promoted first sergeant; wounded June 17, 
1863, at Winchester; captured May 19, 1861, at Spotsylvania C. H., held at 
Fort Delaware. 

Foster, Warrington D., enlisted August, 1863, Co. A, 39th Battalion Cavalry, 
Lee's body-guard; captured November 29, 1863 at Mine Run; held twelve 
months at Point Lookout. 

Poster, McKidru P., enlisted April, 1861; Co. E, 6th Virginia Cavalry; '63 trans- 
ferred to Genei'al Lee's body-guard. 

Foucheo, Frank R., enlisted June 1, 1861; Co. A, 7th Virginia Infantry, Terry's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; captured April, 7, 186.'), at Farmville. 

Fowles, G. R., enlisted 18 i3; 17th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, Pick- 
ett's Division; kille.l May 16, 1861, at Drury's Bluff. 

Fox, Henry, enlisted May, 1861; Co. F 21st Virginia Infantry, Jones' Brigade, 
Johnston's Division; killed at Petersburg. 

Fray, William H., enlisted April, 1861; Co. A, 7th V^irginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; captured April 6, ]8(io, at Sailor's Creek; held 
at Point Lookout. 

Freeman, George, enlisted 1861; Pelham's Battalion Hors^e Artillery; participat- 
ed in all the battles of his comnuind; captured May, 1862; held at Point 

Freeman, J. G., enlisted April, 1861; Deering's Artillei\v, Ewell's Brigade, 
Longstreet's Division; promoted commissary sergeant. 


Freeman, William T., eulisteii February, \H.yA, I)eerinfj:'s Artillerj', EwelTs Hri- 
fj^ade, Lonf?street's Division; captured near Ricliuiond; exchanged in a few 
days; died 1872. 

Oaiues, B. F., enlisted March 14, 18G2; Co. li, Ist Virginia Reserves Artillery; 
captured July >i, IHG!}, at (iettysburg; was carried about two miles, and 
dodged the Federals by juni|)ing l)ehind an old shop and escaped. 

Gaines, Henry L., eidisted April, 18152; 4th Virginia Cavalry, Wickham's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; killed at Williaiuburg, near Richmond. 

Ciaines, Reul)en M., enlisted April 17, IHljl; Co. L, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 
per's Brigade, l*ickett's Division; killed at first Manassas July 21, 18(il. 

(jlarnett, John K., enlisted August, IHtJ:^; Co. C, 89th Virginia Battalion. 

Gibson, Daniel W., enlisted January 1862; Crensliaw's Cohipany, Pegram's 
Battalion Artillery; captured at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout two 

Gibson, John W., enlisted January, 1802; Crenshaw's Company, Pegram'?^ Bat- 
talion Artillery. 

Gibson, Thomas C, enlisted March, 1801; Co. E, i;>th Virginia Infantry, Early's 
Brigade, Ewell's Division; re-enlisted at Richmond, Virginia, 1802, in Cren- 
/ shavv's Company, Pegram's Battalion Artillery. 

Gordon, Albert S., enlisted April, 180i; Co. E, 13th Virginia Infantrj'; was 
afterwards in Jackson's Brigade; discharged August, 18(il. 

Godfrey, Alexander, enlisted April, 1862; Co. A, 18th Virginia Cavalry, Imbo- 
den's Brigade. • 

Goodwin, James H., enlisted 1804, after felie burning of the Military Institute; 
Infantry, Breckenridge's Division; wounded at Maryland Heights. 

Grimsley, Daniel A., enlisted April 17, 1801; (Jo. B, 0th Virginia Cavalry; 
Payne's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; promoted major. 

Hackley, William, enlisted April, 1801; Co. A, 2il Virgini;i Infantry, Stonewall 
Brigade; battles, four; service two years; dischiu-ged 18(io. 

Hale, Daniel W., enlisted June, 1801; Co. (J, ir»th N'irginia Infantry, l^'s 
Brigade; Ewell's Division; wounded at (Taines' Mill, Hatchers Run, and 
• Fel)ruary, 18(ir)^at Fisher's Hill. 

Hall, F. S., enlisted June, 1801, first under Captain Nolan in D. H. Hill's Ar- 
tillery and under Captain Braxton in A. P. Hill's Artillery; pi'omoted as- 
sistant surgeon in Pegram's Battalion. 

Holliday, W. D., enlisted April, 21, 1802; Co. A, l:]th Virginia Infantry, Early's 
Brigade, Ewell's Division; wounded June 8, 1802, at ('ross Keys in arm; 
September 1, 1802, at Ox Hill, in thigh; May 12,1H04 at Spotsylvania, lost an 
arm; discharged December 7, 1804. 

Hatcher, Mahlon G., enlisted 18(il; Co. C 17th Virginia Infantry, Corse's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division; promoted color sergeant; wounded May 5, 1802, at 
Williamsburg; captured 1802 in Loudoun county; escajjcd. Dead 

Hawkins, Benjamin F., enlisted 1803; Co. B, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Picicett's Division; conscript ofticer, serving as such until Decem- 
ber 1, 1804, when he again entered the field service. 

Hawkins, William L^ enlisted April, 1802; C'o. B, 0th Virginia Cavalry, Lo- 
max's Brigade, Stuart's Division; woumled at the time of General Stuart's 
death, near Richmond. 

Hawley, John A., enlisted March, 1802; Fry's Artillery, Jackson's Corps. 

Hawley, M. R., enlisted April, 1, 1802; 0th Virginia Cavalry, Payne's Brigade, 
Fitz Lee's Division. 

Hiftin, John L., enlisted Fe))ruary, 18!4; Co. E, l:!th Virginia Infantry, Kem 
jjer's Brigade, Pickett's Division. 

Hill, William H., enlisted April, 18G1; Co. C, under Colonel Porter, Pickett's 
Brij?ade, Lonj^streat's Division; promoted corporal; killed at Gettysburg 
July 3, 18(J8. 

Hitt, Festus, enlisted May, 18G1; Co. Ct, 49th Virginia Infantry, Smith's Bri- 
gade, Early's Division. 

Hitt, Blewford A. enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; died September, 18(31, at home in Culpeper 

Hitt, James W., enlisted March 18G2; Co. A, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Stuart's Bri- 
gade, captured August (J, 18l!8, near Brandy Station, held at Point Look- 

Hitt, Martin L., enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kempers 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; discharged January 4, 1865, on account of dis- 

Hudgins, Albert G., enlisted April 14, 1861; midshipman on the steamer "Sum- 
ter," Confederate States Navy; promoted lieutenant. 

Hoffman, F. W., enlisted July 1, 1861; Stribbling's Battery, Pickett's Division; 
wounded March 26, and captured April 2, 1865, at Petersburg, held at 
Newport News; discharged July, 1865. 

HoUiday, John Z., enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, '20th Virginia Infantry, Garnett's 
Brigade; re-enlisted in Co. A, 8d Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Brigade, 
Stuart's Division; captured 1861 at Rich Mountain; paroled. 

Holmes, F. Wallace, enlisted April 1861; Co. F, 18th Virginia Infantry; Stone- 
wall Brigade; wounded July 18, 1861, at Manassas; discharged July 18, 1861. 

Hjoe, George G., enlistad April 17, 1861; Co. G., 4th Virginia Cavalry, Wick- 
ham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; captured several times, always escaped; 
was on general scout duty all through the war. 

Howard, Thomas C, enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. A, Huger's Battalion Artillery, 
Jordan's Battery; promoted sergeant. 

Hudson, Bruce, enlisted 1861; 4th Virginia Cavalry; killed at the Wilderness. 

Hudson, James W., enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 
per's Brigade, Pickett's Division ; wounded July 3, '63 at-Gettysburg. 

Hudson, Samuel T., enlisted April 17, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 
per's Brigade, Pickett's Division; captured April 3, 1805, at Richmond; held 
at Point Lookout. 

Hudson, Thomas J., enlisted October, 1862; Camp Lee Guards, City Battalion 
at Richmond: served till January, I8i)5; re-enlisted, Co. B, 13th Virginia In- 

Hoffman, Moses A., enlisted March, 1861; Co. K, 7th Virginia Infantry, Pick- 
ett's Brigade, Kemper's Division. 

Hume, R. K., captured and held at Point Lookout. 

Janney, Ashberry, enlisted October 1861; courier for General Hill. 

Jeffries, Robert S., enlisted 18(5;5; 13th Virginia Infantry; captured 1865; held at 
Point Lookout. 

Kibler, Ferdinand, enlisted April, 1861; Virginia Cavalry, Rosser's Brigade. 

Kilby, Andrew J., enlisted May 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division, wounded July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg. 

Kilby, H. C, enlisted August, 1861; Co. G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Hill's, Tay- 
lor's, Kemper's Brigade, Longstreet's Division; wounded and captured at 
Frazier's Farm; held at Fort Delaware. 

Kilby, James P., enlisted March, 1863; 4th Virginia Cavalry. 

Kilby, Joseph M., enlisted 1862; 6th Virginia Cavalry, Kemper's Brigade; Pick- 
ett's Division; 


Kilby, Thomas M., enlisted April 18, 1861; Co G, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 
per's Brigade, Pickett's Division; wounded slightly at Seven Pines, May 
31. 1802. 

Lanipkiu, J. W,, enlisted 18G1; Co. B, 38th Battalion Virginia Artillery; cap- 
tured July, 18G3; paroled; wounded July, 6, 18(54, at Petersburg. 

Lauipkin, Thomas ()., enlisted 18(11; 13th Virginia Infantry, Walker's Brigade, 
Ewell's Division; discharged on account of disability. 

Leavel, Jaujes W., enlisted 18(}1; ('o. K, 7th V^irginia Infantry, Kemper's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division; promoted orderly sergeant; wounded August 30, 
18(52, at second Manassas. 

Lf^avel, William A., enlisted October, 1861; Co. E, Mosby's Battalion. 

Legg. Ambrose C, enlisted 1803; 21st Virginia Infantry, Johnston's Division; 
killed at Spotsylvania C. H. 

Legg, James W., enlisted April 1861; Co. C, 13th Virginia Infantry, Pegram's 
Brigade, Early's Division. 

Legg, Peyton E., enlisted September, 18(52; Co. C. 13th Virginia Infantry, Pe- 
gram's Brigade, Early's Division; captured October, 18(54, at Culpeper; held 
at Washington. 

Lewis, Richard, enlisted 1861; Co. H, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Brigade, 
Stuart's Division, captured 1862, near Ashland; held at Fort Delaware; 
wounded May 6. 18(51, at Wilderness. 

Legg, Alec, enlisted June 18(11, Co. E, 7th Virginia Infai.try, Kemper's Brigade: 
killed at Gettysburg July 3, 18(52. 

Legg. John, enlisted November 18(51, Co. E, 7th Virginia Infantry; wounded; 
served 4 years. 

Lee, John, enli.sted Co. B. 13 Virginia Infantry, afterwards Sturdevant's Bat- 
tery; served to close of war. 

Lipscomb, Waddy, enlisted lSfi4; (^o. C, 1st Virginia Reserves; Infantry, C, 
Lee's Division. 

Long, J. F., enlisted January, 18(53; Co. F, Cth Virginia C.-ivalry, Fitz Lee's Di- 

Major, E. P., enlisted May 18(51; Crane's Company of Wise's Legion; promoted 
adjutant; killed May 31, 18(12, at Seven Pines. 

Major, Langdon C, enlisted 1S(54; f-o. E, Mosby's command. 

Major, Samuel, enlisted March 17, 1S(53; Sturdevant's Battery, Colonel Jones' 
12th Virginia Field Artillery, Anderson's corps; jiarticipated in the battles 
in and around Richmond. 

Major, W. jr., enli.sted May, 1863; Sturdevant's Battery; October 14, l.S(14, 
wounded by the explosion of the magazine. 

Marsh. C. W., enlisteil September, 18(14; Co. F, 2d Virginia Reserves, Walker's 

Massey, John, enlisted April 10, 1861; Co. I, 6th Virginia Cavalry, Payne's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Dfvision; died Deceml)er 18, 1883, in Texas. 

Massey, T. C, enlisted April 1, 1862; Co. I, ()th Virginia Cavalry, Payne's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's J^ivision: wounded November 1"), 1863, at Stevensburg, and 
November 1, 18(54, at Winchester. 

Maupin, H. A., enlisted 18(52; Co. I, 7th Virginia ('avalry, Ashby's Brigade, 
Rosser's Division. 

Mc("oncliee, Williain A., enlisted April, 1861; Co. I, 11th Virginia Infantry, 

Kemi>er's Brigade; promoted corjjoral. 

Miller, Henry T., enlisted July. ISdl; (^o. I, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Ashby's Bri 
gadc, Jacrkson's Division. 

Miller, Robert B., enlisted 1'^(54; 1st Virginia Reserves; second lieutenant; captur- 
ed near Richmond; held at Fort Delaware. 


Milton, JohnW., enlisted 1803, Oo. E, Mosby's Cavalry, transferred to Co. C, 
13th Virginia Infantry, Peorrara's Brigade, Pickett's Division, 

Morgfau, William B., enlisted April 1801; Co. B, 7th Virjjinia Infantry. Kem- 
per's Brigade, Pickett's Division. 

Xalle, G. B. W., enlisted October 12, 1868; Co. D. Cadet Corps, Virginia Milita 
ry Institute, Breckinridge's Division; first sergeant. 

Nolan, John, enlisted April 17, 18()1; Co. C, i:!th Virginia Infantry, Pegram's 
Brigade, Early's Division; promoted corporal: caj^tured September 22, 18G4, 
?-c Fisher's Hill; held at Point Lookout; exchanged in one month. 

O'Callahan, William, enlisted 18«1; Co. K, 49th Virginia Infantry, Smith's Bri 
gade, Early's Division, promoted sergeant; wounded 1862, at Seven 
Pines; captured 1862, at Sharpsburg; held at Fort Delaware; service four 
years; discharged at close of war. 

Pattie, D. M., enlisted April 1861; Co. K. 17th Virginia Infantry, Pickett's Bri- 
gade, Longstreet's Division; promoted department marshal of Eastern 
Virginia under twnfiscation act. 

Patton, Hugh M., enlisted April 18, 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's and 
Cook's Brigade, Pickett's i_id Heath's Division; promoted first lieutenant; 
wounded at second Manassas. 

Patton, James, enlisted April 18, 1861; Echols' Brigade; promoted lieutenant; 
wounded at Giles C. H. ; died March 30, 1882. 

Patton, W. T., enlisted April 18, 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brifiade, 
Pickett's Division; craptain; promoted colonel; wounded at second Manas- 
sas; killed at ficttysburg. 

Payne, J. W. enlisted A|)ril, 18U; Black Horse Cavalry, Co. D, Stuart's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lees Division; served till close of war. 

Payne, Joseph F., enlisted March 9. 1862; Co. H. 4th Virginia Cavalry, Wick- 
ham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded and captured March, 186:5, at 
Kellys Ford; held at Washington, D. C, "Old Capitol building," three 
months; exchanged and returned to company. 

Payne, Robert W., enlisted 1861; Co. A, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Rosser's Brigade; 
Fitz Lee's Division; wounded 1863, at second Manassas; 1868, at (Gettys- 
burg; 1864, at Ream's Station, and four other times. 

Pendleton, Edmund, enlisted 1862; 1st Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, 
Pickett's Division; died 1868. 

Penick, N., enlisted May, 1861; Co. A, 88th Virginia Infantry, Smith's Brigade. 
Johnston's Division; lieutenant; promoted adjutant; served in Infantry till 
autumn 18(il; entered artillery service 1862 as captain Co. A, Poague's Bat- 
talion Artillery. 

Pendleton. John R., enlisted June, 18(il; Co. H, 7th Virginia Cavalry, Jones' 
Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division;-,\vounded at Hanover Junction and Reams' 
Station; captured at Mount Jackson and in All)emarle county; held at 
Fort Delaware seven months. 

Perry, George P., enlisted August, 1861; 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Bri 
gade, Pickett's Division. 

Periy, W. O., enlisted April 12, 1862; Co. (i. Horse Artillery, Stuart's Brigade, 
Jackson's Division. 

Pierce, J. M., enlisted 1862; Co. D, r3}owe"s Regiment Arkansas Infantry, Chur- 
chill's Brigade, Hindman's Division; wounded 18(i4, at .Manslield. 

Pinkard, A. A., enlisted May 1"), 1861: 4!)th Regiment, Pegram's Brigade. Early's 
Division; ensign; killed June 26, 18(52; at Mechanicsville. 

Porter, John J., enlisted September, 1861; Co. F, Mo.sby's command; promoted 
to Moshy's staff; captured in Culpeper county, October 1. 186:5; held ten 


days at Culpeper C. H.; discharged at Winchester, April 12, 1865. 
Ratrie, Henry H., enlisted March 10, 1863; Co. K, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Jones' 

Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 
Rixey, Samuel, enlisted June, 1863; under captain Taylor in conscript service 

till close of war. 
/ Robinson, William A., enlisted March, 1862; Purcell's Battery, Hill's Brigade, 

Field's Division. 
Robson, W. T., enlisted September 16, 1863; Co. G, 12th Virginia Cavalry; 

wounded 1864 in the Valley. 
Rosson, J. W., enlisted March 1862; Co. G, 12th Virginia Cavalry, Rosser's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; promoted sergeant. 
Rudasill, F. M., enlisted July 12, 1861; quartermaster department; then Co. C, 

Mosby's Rangei's. 
Scott, J. M., jr., enlisted April, 1861; Co. F, 10th Virginia Cavalry, Hampton's, 

then Chamberlain's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; sergeant of color guards; 

slightly wounded at Gettysburg and Brandy Station; captured October 11, 

1863, at Brandy Station; held at Old Capitol and Point Lookout 16 months. 
Shackelford, John M., enlisted February, 1863; Co. C, 4th Virginia Cavalry, 

Wickham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded at Five Forks, April 2, 

1865; captured at Ricmond, April 4, 1865; held there. 
Shaw, Jackson N., enlisted 1864; Captain Franklin's Company, Mosby's com 

mand; lost an eye below Upperville, 1864. 
^ Sims, William B., enlisted September 28, 1862; Co. A, 4th Virginia Cavalry, 

Wickham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 
Slaughter, Thomas T., enlisted April, 1861; Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry. 
Smith, Early, enlisted August 9, 1861; Co. L, 10th Virginia Infantry, Taliafer- 
ro's Brigade, Jackson's Division; captured March, 1864, at Hamilton, Lou- 
doun county; held at Fort Delaware. 
Smith, Elza, enlisted May, 18(;i; assigned to quartermaster department. 
Smith, John W., enlisted Angust 9, 1861; Co. L, 10th Virginia infantry, Talia 

ferro's Brigade, Jackson's Division; captured April 1, 1865, at Five Forks; 

held at Fort Delaware. 
Smith, Joseph T., enlisted March , 1863; Co. F', Virginia Infantry, Terry's 

Brigade, Johnston's Division. 
Smith, Philip, enlisted May, 1861; Taylor's Company 7th Virginia Infantry, 

Kemper's Brigade, Longstreet's Division; killed at the Seven Days light. 
Smith, Thomas J., enlisted September, 1862; 21st Virginia Infantry, Stuart's 

Brigade; captured in Culpeper county; held at Point Lookout. 
Somerville, C. B., enlisted November, 1863; Douglass' Pontoon Corps. 
Somerville, J. W., enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, 20th Virginia Infantry, Pegram's 

Brigade, Garnett's Division; discharged July, 1861; re-enlisted 18<>:>, 3rd 

Alabama Regiment, Rhoades' Brigade; wounded at Rich Mountain and 

Hoonesboro Gaj). 
Somerville, Langdon, enlisted November, 1863; Douglass' Pontoon Corps; died 

April, 1864. 
Sonjerville, Walter, enlisted 1862; surgeon at Yorktown; died 1863. 
Somerville, R. B., enlisted May, 1861; Porter's Company, 7th V^irginia Infantry, 

Kemper's Brigade, Pickett's Division; killed at Gettysburg. 
Sparks, (Jhaiiip C. enlisted May, 1861; Co. G, Ttli Virginia Infantry. KempeFs 

Brigade, Pickett's Division; jjromoted corporal; wounded May 5, 1862, at 

Williamsburg; wounded and captured July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg; held 

at Fort Delaware, and died there October, 1863. 
Sparks, Robert W., enlisted April, 1861; Co. A, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kem- 

per's Bvic^ade, Pickett's Division. 

Spicer, James S., enlisted April, 1862; Co. E, Pioneer Corps. 

Spicer, James S., ]3romoted quartermaster sergeant. 

Stallard, Randolph R., enlisted 1861; Captain Vanderslier, 4flth Virginia Infan- 
try; mortally wounded November, 1864, at Spotsylvania C. H. 

Starke, A. E., enlisted August 9, 1861; Co. I, 49th Virginia Infantry, Smith's 
Brigade, Early's Division; promoted sergeant; 1863 transferred to Co. K, 
same regiment; Octobtr, lbe4, wcui.dtd and captuicd at Cedar Creek, held 
at Point Lookout. 

Stewart, Broaddus, enlisted January, 180:5; cavalry; died 1882 in Missouri. 

Stewart, .Tames W., enlisted April 20, ISfJl; Co. I, 30th Virginia Infanty, (worse's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; wounded June 26, 1862, at Chiekalioi'iiny; died 
June 29, 1862. 

Stewart, Joseph, enlisted May, 1S61; infantry, Stuart'i^ Brig.ide, Pickett's Di- 

Stewart, Richard, enlisted May, 1861; cavalry; died 1868. 

Stringfellow, B. W., enlisted May, 1861; Co. 1, 11th Virginia Infantry, Kamiiers 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; lieutenant; wounded May 31, 1S62, at Seven 
Pines; captured 1862, in Orange county; paroled; captured 1864, at Pe- 
tersburg; held at Old Capitol, Washington. 

Stringfellow. Martin S., enlisted April K!, 1801; Co. A, 13th Virginia Infantry, 
Early's and Pegram's Brigade, Ewell's and Walker's Divisions; i)romuted 
first lieutenant; slightly wounded at Chantilly. 

Strother, Cieorge F., enlisted March, 1803; as as.-iistant commissary. 

Strother, Philip W., enlisted April, 18(51; Co. F, 13th Virginia Infantry, Early's 
Brigade, Ewell's Division; lieutenant: wonuJedMay 12, ISO I, at Sjjottsylva- 
nia C. H. : discharged same day.. 

Taliaferro, Alex, (t., enlisted May, 18 )2; 13th, thea 2")th Virginia Infantry, 
Johnston's Division; promoted captain, lieutenant ciloa^^i, cjloael, an i 
brigadier general; wounded at second Manassas. 

Taliaferro, John K., enlisted FeV)ruary, 1863; Co. H, 4th V^irginia Cavalry, 
Wickham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded at Trevilian Depot; cap- 
tured April 1, 180.1, at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout two months, 
[(reneral Hooker took eonnnand of the army, but no advance was made; the 

condition of the army and the long winter were his excuses, but spring opened 

and but one engagement broke the long silence of the lines along the banks of 

the Rappahannock. 

That was on the 17th of March, when a Federal Force of 3,000 crossed the 

river at Kelly's Ford and advanced to within six miles of (Julpeper Court 

House, when they were engaged by the brigade of Creneral Fitzhugh Lee. The 

engagement continued some hours, but at last the Federals were driven from 

the field after having inflicted a loss of one hundred upon the Confederates, 

among which was the gallant Pelham, the "lioy Major."] 

Tansill, G. S., enlisted 1801; Tth Virginia Infantry; sergeant major. 

Tanner, John W., enlisted March, 1802; Co. K, 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, I'ickett's Division; wounded June 3, 1862; at Frazier's Farm; dis- 
charged July, 1862. 

Thomas, (s. S., enlisted March 13, 1802; Purceli's Battery; Hill's Division. 

Towles, (t. R., enlisted ISO !; 17th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, Pick- 
ett's Division; killed May 16, 1S64, at Drury's BlufL 

Throckmorton, John A., enhsted April, 18iil; fitli Virprinia Cavalry; courier to 
J. E. Johnston; May 1862, promoted major; discharj^ed December 19, 1864. 
Torrent, Lewis C, enlisted 1861; Co. I, 11th Virji^inia Infantry, Kemper's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division; captured 1862, at Williamsburg; held at Fort 
Delaware; released and discharged 1862. 
Turner, T. H., enlisted 1863; Pelham's Battalion Horse Artillery; participated 
in the principal battles of the command. 

Vaughan, Franklin D., enlisted 18(53, Co. E, Mosby's Rangers. 

Vaughan, Henry J., enlisted 1861; teamster; served on liospital duty, and engi- 
neers' corps, Colonel Talcott, Captain Johnson. 

Vaughan, Peter, enlisted July, 1861; quartermaster department, carpenter and 

Wager, James P, enlisted April, 1861; Co. E, 13th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division; discharged 1862. 

Waite, C, enlisted April 3, 1861; Co. B, 9th Virginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Divis- 
ion; captain; promoted major; served on Greneral Lee's staff from May 1, 
1862, till close of the war. 

Walkei", Thomas G., enlisted March, 1862; Crenshaw's Company, Pegram's Bat- 
talion Artillery, A. P. Hill's Division; wounded July 3, 1863, at Gettys- 
burg; captured April, 1863, at Louisa C. H.; held at Washington one month; 
captured April 1865, at Five Forks; held at Point Lookout three months. 

Wallace, A. Henderson, enlisted October, 1804; Co. C, oOth Virginia Infantry, 
Corse's Brigade, Pickett's Division. 

Wayland, John W., enlisted 1801; Co. A, 7th Vir..;'inia Infantry, Kemper's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division; served two years in quai'termaster department. 

Wharton, Stanton, enlisted April, 1861; Co. E, 13th V^irgiuia Infantry, Pe- 
gram's Brigade, Early's Division; wounded at second Manassas; captured 
at Petersburg in 1805; held at Point Lookout four months. 

Wheatley, James G., enlisted April, 1861; 4th \Mrginia Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Di- 

Whitlock, Martin, enlisted 1864; Co. I, 6th Virginia Infantry, Wickham's Bri- 
gade, Fitz Lee's Division; wounded 1804, at Manassas. 

Winston, Arthur W., enlisted May, 18(51; 7th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Bri- 
gade, Pickett's Division. 

Winston, L. D., enlisted April 18, 1861; Culpeper Minute Men, Purcell's Battery 
Hill's Divisi<m. 

Wise, John B., enlisted 1862; wounded 18G.j, at Leesburg; died 187!, at Shreve- 
port, Louisana, of yellow fever. 

Wise, Louis A., enlisted 1801; Richmond Howitzer Company i^vtillery. 

Wood, P., enlisted 1803; Co. D, 13th Virginia Infantry. 

Wood, Robert W., enlisted June 6, 1861; Co. D, 23rd Virginia Infantry, Talia - 
ferro's Brigade, Jackson's Division; lost all toes by frost; discharged Feb- 
ruary 9, 1862. 

Yancey, Edwin D., enlisted 1861; artillery; promoted lieutenant. 

Yowell, John, enlisted Septem])er 1, 1863; Pegram's Battalion Artillery. 

Yowell. William L., enlisted September, 1863; Co. C, 4th Virginia Cavalry, 
Wickham's Brigade, Fitz Lee's Division. 

On June 26, 1862, General John Pope was appointed to the command of tlie 

Federal "Army of Virginia." One of his first olficial acts was to issue a mani- 
festo to the soldiers and officers of this army, directing a series of depredations 

upon the peaceful, noncoml)atant residents of the country they had invaded, 

authorizing arliitrary arrests, ordering such as should refuse to take the oath 

of allegiance to be "driven from their homes, considered spies, and subjected 

to the extroiuo ricror of niilitarj' law." This placiii;:: of t!u> lielploss people of 
an hivaded country at the nieiv.y of an nnbridled and unscrupulous soldiery 
was keenly felt in Culpeper ct)unty where Hanks, coniuiandin<? Po])e's second 
orps, had at this time a stronj? advance }i;uard stationed South of Culpeper C. 
H., and near Grordonsville, Orange county. 

Pope's object was to ol)tain possession of (jrordonsvilie, where the Virfi:inia 
Central and Oranitre & Albemarle railroads intersect, and destroy communica- 
tion between the C'onfederate cai)ita! and the Shenandoah Valley. To effect 
this, Banks ordered a brigade of Infantry to Culpe])er C. H., July 14th, while 
this cavalry, under General Hatch, advanced to seize Gordonsville. l?ut (tcii- 
eral Lee's superior strategy had enabled him to comprehend the purpose of the 
advance throufi^h Culpeper, and although the whole armj' of the Potomac 
menaced him before Richmond, he had not hesitated to disyjateh to Gordons- 
ville, on the i;3th, his most trusted lieutenant. "Stonewall'' Jackson, at the 
head of his own and Ewell's divisions. 

Hatch fell back only too qui(dcly fx-om Gordonsville on finding an army of 
15,000 men where he had looked to overawe non-ligliting citizens. Until re-in- 
forced, the Federals in Culpeper largely outnumbeiing his force, Jackson held 
Gordonsville, warily watching the gathering of the enemy before him. July 
2nth A. P. Hill's division joined him, and he deleraiined to offer battle. "Hav- 
ing recieved information," says J.ickson's official report "that only a part of 
Pope's army was at Culpei)er C. H.," [Its numerical force outnumbering his 
force even then] "and hoping, through the blessing of Providence, to be able 
to defeat it before reinforcements should arrive there, Ewell's, Hill's and Jack- 
son's divisions were moved on the Gth in the direction of the enemy from their 
respective encampments near Gordonsville. * * * On the 0th, as we arrived 
within about eight miles of Culpeper C. H., we found the enemy on our front, 
near Cedar Run, a short distance west and north of Slaughter [Cedar] moun- 


Jackson was not the general to hesitate in the face of overwhelming odds, 
and he promptly offered l)attle. Ewell's division was otdered forward on his 
right, Timble's and Hay's brigade on the northern slope of (^edar mountain, 
Early's l)rigade on the Culpeper road; Jackson's tlivision commanded by (ren- 
eral Winder, was on the left; Campbell's brigade commanded by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Garnet, the brigade of (ieneral W. B. Taliaferro, and the famous 
"Stonewall" brigade in reserve. Hill's division was in reserve. The Federals 
Avere drawn up in strong position on a plateau just beyond Cedar Run, the ar- 
tillery in front of the infantry, the cavalry on the flanks. Crawford's brigade 
of Williams' division (Federal) was the extreme right of Banks' line of battle, 
Geary's, Prince's and Greene's Brigade of Augur's and Bayard's divisions con- 
fronting Ewell's division, and Gordon's brigade formed the Federal reserve. 

The artillery opened the V)attle about noon, and until 3 p. m. kept up a con- 
stant fire. General "Winder was killed about 8:30 p. m., while directing the 
fire of some batteries. At 3 p m. Banks ordered forward his whole line. The 
First Virginia Battalion was struck at great disadvantage, and the Forty-Sec- 
ond, ordered to change front and meet a flank attack, lost its connnanding of- 
ficer, Major Layne. The Confederate forces met the attack with heroic obsti- 
nacy; Colonel Garnet was wounded, Lieutenant-Colonel Cunningham, of the 
Twenty-First Virginia was killed; the 12th Georgia held their ground, though 
attacked in front and rear. Jackson then ordered up the brigades of Branch, 
Archer and Pender— Hill's division. The Federals fell back across a wheat 
field and endeavored to form another line of battle, and Banks ordered Gordon's 

reserve into action. Tlio Oesh Confederate Imfjades flnnp: themselves into ac- 
tion with an order against which the demoralized Federals could make no 
stand, and in another hour they were driven from the iield, leavinj? the narrow 
valley where the infantry fought covered with their dead. One Massachusetts 
regiment (Second Infantry) had thirty-five percent, of the luen engaged killed. 

Tlie batjtle had been short, sharp and s;inguinary. Jackson's olficial re- 
port sliows: 228 killed, l,0(iO wounded, :J1 missing. He cai)tured 400 prisoners, 
three stand of colors, and 5,802 small arms. The Federal loss was 1,(!G1 killed 
and wounded, 728 missing; total 2,808. After a day spent in burying the dead, 
Jackson fell b.-ick toward (Tordonsville, satislietl there would be no further ef- 
fort to mass troops in that direction. He had won what the northern news- 
pipers were ple-tsed to term "a tactical victory," and it was not the first "tac- 
tical" defeat Banks had met at his hands. This battle of Cedar Run is also 
variously called: Cedar Mountain, Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain, 
and Mitchell's Station 

iVugust 12th Longstreet, with his division and two brigades under General 
Hood, Stuart's cavalry, and the brigade from the James under R. H Anderson, 
were ordered to Grordonsville, whieli force, combined with Jackson's, Lee in- 
cended should give battle to Pojje's "Army of Virginia," now in force beyond 
the Uapidan For once, comprehending the Confederate purpose, Pope hasti- 
ly retreated across the Rappahannock, and Culpeper county was relieved of 
the presence of his hated ti'oops 

In the early months of 1^68, General Lee initiated the movements prepara- 
tory to the invasion of Pennsylvania, and the troops for the campaign were 
marshalled on the Culpeper plain. Stuart, his war horse literally covered 
witii lloral offerings from the ladies ^ ho gathered to witness the (lis))lay, re- 
viewed the cavalry of tlie Army of ' jrthern Virginia at Brandy Station. 

Was an attack, June 0, 1^03, on his cavalry by a portion of Pleasant's cavalry. 
General Hooker, the "lighting Joe Hooker" of the Northern press, was now in 
the command of the "Army of the Potomac,'' and Pleasanton was his recentl.y 
appointed cavalry leader. The Federals cros-sed the Rappahannock at Bev- 
erlys and Kellys fords, nine thousand men and six batteries, at daybreak June 
!)th. Major McClellan, Stuart's adjutant-general, puts Stewart's force at nine 
thousand three hundred and thirty five men and twenty guns, but states that 
three thousand men were absent at the tima of the battle, m iking Stuart's ac- 
tual lighting force one third less than Pleasant's. The latter formed his i)lan 
of attack on the mistaken supposition that Stuart was at Culpeper C. H., and 
ordered his troops to rendezvous at Brandy Station. Unfortunatel}' for his 
plans, Stuart's triiops were (u)ncentrated at his placn^ of rendezvous. 

Geni-ral Buford, commanding Pleasanton's first division, cajue \ip from Bev- 
erly Ford, met Stuart's whole force at St. James church, fought some hours, 
was attacked in the rear, and finally compelled to light his way out and back 
to the ford. Colonel Gregg, with Pleasanton's third division, came up from 
Kellys Ford, and in turn received the attention of Stuart's men, now well 
warmed up for the work. Pleasanton's_second division, Connuanded by Col- 
onel Duffie, did not reach the battle field until late in the day, just as IMeasan- 
ton, informed that Confederate infantry was ajjproacdnng, ordered a retreat. 
The Federal official report of the battle places the loss at five Jiundred, and 
Stuart's loss at seven hundred. As Stuait (captured four hundred prisoners, it 
is safe to presume that this ollicial statement is far from accurate— by no 
means an unconnnon occurence. 


Other en{?ap:einents on the soil of Cnlpeper county were of minor note, chief- 
ly as follows: A j-ei)ulse of three Federal reji:inients of infantry and one of cav- 
alry, raiding; n^^ar Culpeper C. H., July 12, 18(53; Au<;ust 20, 1863, a similar expe- 
rience ior a body of Federal cavalry at Branily Station; and the same next day 
at Kellys Ford; a skirmish at Kellys Ford, March 17, 1S")3; a raid of Federal cav- 
alry throuf^h Rappahannock Station, Kellys Ford and Brandy Station, Auj^ust 
1-3, 1808; a cavalry raid for the "Army of the Potoma(»'' to Brandy Statioi', 
September 0, 18(i8; a tijjht at Kellys Ford November 7, 1808. 

A Roll of the Brandy Riflemen of Culpeper county at the time of orgaviiza- 
tion in 1859. 

C. H. Waj?er, Captain; Stockton Heth, 1st Lieutenant; John P. Wellford, 
2nd Lieutenant; Thomas Faulconer 3rd Lieutenant; Thomas W. Parr. 8erp:eant; 
Thomas O. Curtis, Sery:eant; rreorge M. Wood, H. B. Milser, G. Gr. Thompson, 
F. M. Gilkeson, J. P. Wagrer, John D. Brown, R. O. Grayson, Albert Grordon, 
James W. Field, William McConkie, William Spicer, John Malkmy, James 
Luc^kett, Wm. Shaw, J. T. Norman, William (irreen, Thomas W. Jones, J. O. 
Harris, P. M. Wrenn, Benjamin Yates, John Cash, Matthew Johnson, Stanton 
Wharton, J. C. Childs, (ieo. Wheatley, R. C. Brown, J. F. Terra'.l, J. T. J5an.c- 
head, Lewis Yancey Sanford Berlin and William Luckett. 

The publishers are indebted to Judf?e Daniel A. Grimsley for the followinsr 
roll of Company B, Cth. Vir-?inia Cavalrj^ which was composed of men, most 
all of whom were from Rappahannock county. Many were from Culpeper; 
others from adjoinini? counties. The Company served from the beginning? of 
the war to the close. The following roll gives the casualties, as far as is 

Green, John Shackelford; Captain, Majoi', Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel, Cth. 
Va. Cavalry; twice wounded; died sincfe the war. 

Green,* James W., 1st. liieut., resigned in 18^1. 

Wigginton, Benj., 1st. Lieut , 3nd. Lieut., taken prisoner in 1838. Living in 

Grimsley, Dani:^l A., Sergeant, 1st. Lieut., Capt., Major, Gth V^a. Cavalry. 

Duncan, R. R., 1st. Lieut., Capt.. wounded at 2nd. Manssas, Trevillian's and 
Tom's Brook. 

Browning, W. S., 2nd. Lieut., 1st. Lieut., killed at Cedar Creek. 

Fristoe,* W. S., 2nd. Lieut., resigned in 1882. 

O'Bannon,* Waltsr, jr., 2nd. Lieut., not re-elected at reorganization, after- 
wards ordnance oHicer Cth. Virginia Cavaly. 


Corbin, Henry M., 1st. Sergeant , promoted in order to 2nd. Lieut, in place 
of Browning; wounded, killed in Maryland. 
Willi-i, A. M., 1st. Sergeant, Capt. Co. G, 13th. Va. Cav. 
Daniel, A. R.. 1st. Sergt., discharged in 1881 on account of disability. 
Rol)erts, G. B., 1st. Sergt., killed in action. 
Slaughter, F. L., Sergeant. 

Burke, Cornelius, Sergeant, wounded in action. 
Smith, W. M., Sergeant. 

Jones, E. T., regimental quartermaster Sergeant. 
Justis, James F., regimental forage master. 
Botts, A. T., wounded at Yellow Tavern. 
Bruce,* W. S., wounded. 

Carpenter, M. C, diod in prison. 
Dunc'.'iii, B. F., killed in action. 

Lillard,* W. J., promoted in order to jr. 2nd. Lieut. 
Brownell,* W. H., elected Lieut. 12th. Va. Cavalry. 

Privates: Atkins,* Silas H., enlisted 1831, disabled in action. Arm- 

strong, J. W., enlisted 1801, wounded twice. Atkins,* Thos. C. enlis-ted in 

'SCA. Anderson, Peyton, 1801, killed in action. Wounded badly May 27, 

18.01. First soldier to shed his blood for the Confederacy. Discharjj^ed. 
Ati"ins, Georj^e, enlisted in 1802. Amiss, Edmond T., 1801. 

B.-own, Wm., 1801. Bowen, Wm., ISOl. Bowen, Henry, 1801. 

Brap:.?, P. E., 1801. discharfjed on account of ill health. Re-enlisted 
Burke,* Jos., 1802. Burke, Edmund, 1802. Burke, Festus, 1802, 

woundod, died in prison. Burke, Mike, 1802, killed in action. Burke, 

(Tony) Robert, 1802. Killed in action., Burke, M. N., 1862. Burke, 

Robert, 1802. Brown Dallas, 1802, killed in action. Brown,* Rob- 

ert C, 1863. Brown Harvey, 1803. Browninjj:, Henry R., 1803, accidently 

Avounded. Bywaters, Jas. E., 1862, died of disease. Bywaters,* Ro))- 

ert, 1803. Brooke,* Wm., 1801, prisoner. Brooke, Davis, 1801, died in 

1802. Brown, Henry C, 1802, wounded. Browning?, Joseph, 1802, 

wounded. Brown, J. Thompson, 1802, wounded; detailed to liji:ht duty in 

commissary de])artment. Bruce,* Wm., 1801. wounded. Bradfotrd. 

Hdl C, 1802, prisoner. Brady, Ali)ert, 1801, severely wounded. Brady,* 

Josephus, 1861, wounded. Butler, John, 1801. 

Cannon,* Geo. W. 1801, discharjjed honorably. Cannon;* Elijali, 1801, 

twice wounded. Corbin,* Robert, 1802, detailed as teamster. Chan- 

cellor, Jas., 1801, promoted Lieut, of infantry. Crawford, Jas. M., 1862, 

prisoner and escaped from Elmira. Cannon, John R., 1803. Cari)en- 

ter. Wm., 1802. Carpenter, Jas., 1802, died in prison, Chelf, Jas. N., 

1862. Cooksey,* Jas., 1803, wounded. Clarke, Wm., 18'J1. Carr, 

Jno. O. 1803, killed in action. lAirtis,* Jno., 1803, ttvunster. Corbai, 

Jas., 1802, wounded. Chewninj?, Robert, 1803. prisoner. . 

Daniel,* Wm., 1801, discharf?ed. Deal,* Geo. W., 1832. Dwyers,* 

Alfred, 1803. Deathera^'e,* Robert R., 1832. Deathera^o,t R)!>.^rt, 

1862. Dennis,t Newton, 1801. Dennis,t Wm., 1802. 

Eastham, Robt. W., 1801, Eastham, F. Dabney, 1801, wounded and 

discharj^ed. Eastham, Geo., 1863, killed in action. 

Fant,t W. D., 1801, dischari?ed. Fletch(M-, Geo. W., 1831, died of dis- 

ease. Field, R. Y., disabled in action^ detai ,^: in quarter-master dei)art- 

ment. Fofj<;, Chas. E., 1802, badly wounded Field, P. B., 1802, killed 

inaction. Field, Wm., 1802, killed in action. Fisher, Thos., 1863, 


Grimsley, Thos. F., 1801. Green, t Georfje, 1801. (ireen. R(>l)ert R. 

1861, wounded at Cold Harbor. Green, Jas. W., 1862, wounded at Winches- 

ter. Georf?e, Williamson C, 1861. Green^t Arthur. 1862, prisoner. 

Garnet,! Wm. A., 1864, wounded at Spottsylvania. 

Hill,t Jas., 1861, wounded. Houprhton, Jackson, 1801, Honjrhton, 

Marshall, 18(;i, killed in action. Houghton, Thos., 1802, twi^e wounded. 

Hou^'hton, Wm. J., 18()3, wounded. Houj^hton, Chas., 1864. Huff, Ed- 

ward H., 1801. i)risoner. Huff, Jno. 1801, teamster. Huff, Thos., 1861. 

Haddox, Jno., 1801, killed in action. Heaton, A. B., 1861, wounded. 

rrrtArkinR.'-Mnscoe, 1802, wounde.l. Hawkins, Wm., 1802, wounded at Yel- 

low Tavern. Hawkins,t Mortimer, 1803. Hawkins,t Jno., 1803. 

Hisle, Lloyd, 1863, wouniled at Reams Station. Hisle, Daniel, wounded at 


Brandy Station. • Hartley, Thos., 1862, wounded at Five Forks. Hitt, 

Jas., 18(52. Hitt, Albert H., 1802. Hitt, Albert, 1853, killed in action. 

Hitt, Jno., 1803. Hill, Jas., 1861, wounded. Hood, C. B., 1804. 

Hawes, Wm. F., 1833. Hand,t Easthani, 1S62. Hand, Wm., 1863. 

Hanibrick, Wm , 1862. Hudson, Richard O., 1862, wounded. Herrell, 

Thomas, 1861. Huff, Jas., 1861, wounded. Hawkins, Arthur, 1863, 

wounded at Newtown. 

Jett, W. A. L., 1861, wounded. Johnson, M. M., 1862. Johnson, 

Henry, 1863. Johnson, Dallas, 1864. Jo rdon, Robert, 1864. Judd, 

Jacob, 1864, died. " — 

Kendall, Suwarrow, 1862, killed in action, Kendall, Braxton, 1863. 

Kerfoot, Jas. F., 1863. Kerfoot, Judson, 1863. Kerfoot, Willie, 18!)3. 

Miller, Eastham J., 1861, died Miller, Robert E., 1862. Miller, Jno, 

B., 1862, wounded, prisoner. Mason, Wm. B., 1861. Murphy, Samuel, dis- 
charjjred. Menefee,Henry St.Cyr,1862. McQueen. Henry C, 1862. Millant J. 
W.,1861. Moffett, Frank,1864, killed at Yellow Tavern. Moore, ^- Jno., 1862. 

Newby,t J. W. P., 1861, discharged. Nicholson, Geo. W., 1802, killed in 

O'Bannont Henry C. 1862. 

Pullent Jos. Sr. 1802; was over sixty years of age when enlisted and served 
to close of war. PuUen, Jos. Jr., 1S62, killed in action. PuUen, Jno., 1801, 
wounded. Putnam. Jno. B., 1803, wounded. Peyton, t Hamilton, 1803. 

Rudasilla, Wm. (t., 1861, wounded. Rudasilla, Kenley, 1801. Ruda- 
silla, Thaddeus A., 1861, wounded. Rudasilla, Jack, 1862. Rudasilla, Miff- 
lin, 1862. Rowles, Jno. F., 1861, wounded and died. RowIes,t Jos. F., 1861, 
teamster. Ritenour, T. C, 1862, wounded. Roberts,! Robt. P., 1864. 
Reagan, t Lewis, 1863. 

Slaughter, P. P. 1861, discharged. Slaughter, T. T. 1801, wounded. 

Slaughter, M. L., 1863,killed in action. Starke,Wm., 1861, killed in action. 

Scott.t Wm., 1861, discharged. Scott, David, 1861, died. Sheads.i lieo. 

M., 1863. Scroggins, Jas. M. 1863. Simms"- Wm., 1862, woundt d. 

j/Settle, Broaddus, 1862, prison<^r. Smith,Chas. E., 1864. Sutphin,Robt. 

1863, wounded. Spicer, Thos., 1863, wounded. Smith, Jas., 18J3, 


J Turner, Absolam, 1861. . Tapp,* Elijah, 1862, discharged. Thorn- 

ton, Jno., 1862. Thornton, Frank, 1862. 

Ui)dike, B. F., 1861, wounded and taken prisoner. Utz, Jno., 1833, ta- 

ken prisoner. 

Vanhorne, Robert, 1861, taken prisoner. Vaughan, Johnson, 1863. 

Walden, Turner, 1861, died. Wood, Jas. M., 1861, severely wounded 

and discharged. Willis, Albert G., 1862. Willis, Wm., 1863. 

Wright, Wm., 1863. Wilson, Wm., 1862, taken prisoner. Weaver, Gusta- 

vus, 1863. 

Yates, Samuel S. 1861, killed in action, Yates, Robert, 1863. 

There are six or eight names appearing on the original roll, marked as hav- 
ing deserted to the enemy, wliich are omitted from the above roster. 

Thosemarked with a* or t have died since the war. Tliis marking was 
done in September, 1899. It is interesting to note the large number that were 
living at that date. 




[The publisher is indebted to Rev. E. W. Winfrey, pastor, and to Mr. H. 
C. Burrows, of the Culpeper Baptist Church, for all tixe information contain- 
ed in this chapter.] 

Within the territory which originally formed the County of Culpeper, now 
embracing the counties of Culpeper, Madison and Rappahannock, there are 
at the date of this writing, (October, 1899) thirty churches or congregations, of 
white Baptists, with an aggregate membership of more than three thousand 
and seven hundred (8,700,) and we may say that nearly all of tiie colored peo- 
ple of this territory, who are members of any church, are Baptists. When the 
original Culpeper county was formed (1748) there was probably not a Baptist 
within its borders. In the year 1768 Allen Wyley, "ama,n of respectable stand- 
ing in the county," living near Flint Hill, now Rappahannock county, having 
been "'turned to God," but not knowing of any preaclier whose teaching fully 
accorded with views which he had formed, ''had sometimes gathered h s neigh- 
bors, read the scriptures, and exhorted them to repentance; but, being inform- 
ed of the labors of Rev. David Thomas in Fauquier county, he with some of his 
friends traveled thither to hear him." The immediate result of this visit was 
that Mr. Wyley was baptised, and prevailed upon Mr. Thomas to go home 
with him and preach at his house. This man, David Thomas, "the first Bap- 
tist preacher tl at ever proclaimed the gospel" in the county, was born at Lon- 
don Tract, Pennsylvania, Aug. Kith. 1782, and educated at Hoi)ewell, N. J. 
The degree of A. M. was conferred upon him by Rhode Island College, (Brown 
University.) He was in Virginia, a noble champion of religious liberty, and 
suffered severe persecutions. Thomas Jefle* — and Patrick Henry held him 
in high esteem, and he highly valued them as friends of liberty. He will be 
long remembered as the author of a stirring poem on 'Freedom.'" (Beale's 
Semple, p. '21.) Eleven years.after this first visit to the county, that is, in 17?4, 
Mr. Thomas organized the Mt. Pony church, •' the members coming from a 
church in Orange County, called Mountain Run, constituted in 1708, and dis- 
solved in 1772." The lirst pastor of Mt. Poney church was Nathaniel Saund- 
ers, who professed religion under the pi-eaching of Mr. Thomas. The name 
of this church was taken from the small, well-known mountain at the base 
of which stood the first house of worship, some two miles from the town of 
Culpeper, on the road to Stevensburg, V)ut was changed to " Culpeper " April 
29th, 1678. In 1838 this church removed with sixty white members to the 
town of Culpeper." At that time Waller R. Asher and his wife were the only 
white Baptists living in the town." In 1884 a house of worship was built at a 
cost of $1,200 on a lot purchased of Dr. Buck near Bell's Ford on Mountain 
Run, a i>art of which building still remains and constitutes the rear portion of 
the present residence of Mr. C. F. Chelf. 

For valuable information concerning each of the churches of this denom- 
ination in the territory in question the reader is referred to the "Historical 
Sketch of the Shlloh Association,," published with " the Minutes of the One 
Hundredth Session," 1894. (See Specimen " Sketches " below). And f^r much 
profitable readinjr as to the lives and characters of the leading men who a , 
century and more ago proclaimed the doctrines, planted the churches, and 
suffered in the service of this sect, we refer to Semple's History of the Rise and 
Progress of the Baptists in Virginia, ( Revised and Extended by Dr. Gr. W. . 
Beale in 1894), and to Dr. James B. Taylor's " Virginia Baptist Ministers." 

No one thinks to-day with other feelings than those of shame and sorrow 
and severest disapprobation of the misguided zeal of those who blindly and 
vainly sought to suppress this people when they began to arise and assert 
themselves upon our soil. Nor can any fair minded person for a moment "^ 
tliink to hold any individual, church, party, or sect of the present responsible 
for the crimes or mistakes of a generation long since departed. At the same 
time, the true historian cannot fail to note and all generations need to know 
such heroism, such devotion, such self-sacrifice as was exhibited by the pion- 
eers of the Bjiptist faith in this part of Virginia. John Picket, one of these 
pioneers, was for about 8 months, (possibly in 1760), confined in the Fauquier 
prison for the " crime " (?) of preaching the gospel. Elijah Craig,, who was 
spoken of as " a man of considerable talent," was upon one occasion arrested 
" at his plow," and " taken before three magistrates of Culpeper who, with- 
out hearing arguments, ordered him to jail. At court, he, with others, was 
arraigned." In spite of sound arguments on the part of their lawj^er they 
were imprisoned for one m )nth and " fed on rye bread and water, to the in- 
jury of their health." James Ireland,of whom Henry Howe in his " Virginia, 
Its Histoiy and Antiquities " speaks as " a worthy clergyman of the Baptist 
persuasion," was born in the city of Edinburgh, in 1748. While still a yoiing 
man he came to America and took charge of a school in the northern part of 
Virginia. His was an active and versatile mind, though, his education an ac- 
count of the roving disposition of his youth. was defective. He is described as 
being " a man of common stature, a handsome face, piercing eye, and pleas- 
ant countenance. In his youth he was spare, but he became by degrees quite 
corpulent, so that not long after his second marriage he wanted but nine- 
teen pounds of weighing three hundred." 

In 1769 or 1770, at a meeting in Pittsylvania County, Mr. Ireland was bap- 
tised by the Rev'd Samuel Harris, immediately returned to his home with cre- 
dentials signed by eleven ministers, "and in the spirit and power of his Mas- 
ter devoted himself to the great work of preaching the gospel." But, his 
growing popularity and success excited the indignation of those who were in 
authority and brought down upon his head fierce persecution." Being rough- 
ly seized by order of magistrates, he was thrust into the Cu4peper jail because 
he had dared to preach without the authority or sanction of the bishop." He 
was accompanied to prison amid the abuses of his persecutors, and while in- 
carcerated in his cell not only suffered by the inclemency of the weather, but 
by the personal maltreatment of his foes. They attempted to blow him up 
with gunpowder, to suffocate him by burning brimstone, etc., at the door and 
window of his prison, and even to poison him. He states that he might speak 
of a hundred instances of cruelty which were practiced." When, subsequent- 
ly, Mr. Ireland went down to Willamsburg with a petition to the governor, 
Lord Botetourt, for a permit to have a meeting house built in Culpeper coun- 
ty, he found the governor altogether kindly and affable in manner, but the 
t'lerrv of the city, to whom by direction of the governor he ajiplied for exami- 


nation, were " of quite a different character:" " tliey appeared," he says," ob- 
stinately determined not to f,^ivenie the requisite examination; every one shif- 
ted it upon another, till at last I obtaixied it from a country parson living? 8 
miles from tlie capital, and presented it to the governor and council, who 
granted ftiea license for those things petitioned." - 

The growth and success of this denomination in this, an in other sections, 
of the State is in no small measure due humanly si)eaking, to this unwise per- 
secution : The rage of these misguided ecclesiastics was the excess of folly: 
They defeated their own aims: They contributed to the power and increase of 
those whom they esteemed enemies tothe cause of truth and religion. We do 
not question the sincerity of their motives, but their error of judgment was, 
from every point of view, colossal and inexcusable. 

It would be pleasant if we could here put on recrrd suitable mention of 
all those zealous, noble men who built so wisely and successfully upon the 
foundation laid by them that suflfered and toiled through the initial stage of 
the history of this denomination in this section. There were Nathaniel Saun- 
ders, Wm. Mason, John Churchill Gordon, J. Koontz, James Garnett, Geo. 
Eve, John Picket, H. Goss, Lewis Conner, W. Fristoe, Oliver Welch, A." Mof- 
fett, E. G. Ship. Robert Jones, John Hiekerson, Thomas Holtzman, Darnel 
Jjimes, John Garnett, Thornton Stringfellow, Barnett Grimsley, A. M. Poin- 
d^xter, Joshua Leather, L. L. Fox, J. N. Fox, James Fife, Champ C. Conner, 
Thaddeus Ilerndon, Richard Herndon, A^ H. Spiliman, James Garnett Jr., 
Wm. F. Broadus, Cumberland George, T. R. Miller, P. M. Carpenter. Silas 
Bruce, H. C. Briggs, J. A. Mansfield, W. G Roan, Wm. A. Hill, Wm. A. 
Whitescarver, L. R. SjLeelg, J. W. Brown, H. E. Hatcher, Jno. C. Willis,A. H. 
Bennett, B. P. Dulin, W. S. Briggs, A. M. Grimsley, Milton Robert Grimsley, 
and others among deceased ministers, not to mention those who are -still zeal- 
ously engaged in the same work, nor the many strong and influential " lay- 
men," living and departed, who perhaps have been not less faithful nor less 
efficient in their less consi)icuous spheres. 

We cheerfully attest that the Baptists of this region are among the most 
peaceable, law-abiding, enterprising, industrious, frugal, and everj'way valu- 
able as well as the most numerous of our citizens. Not a few of them are prom- 
inent and influential in business, in social life, and in the various professions. 
It is an honor to the County, as well as to the denomination of which we now 
write, that so devout and scholarly,preeminently useful, a man as Dr. Jno. A. 
Broadus, who died but a few years ago while occupying the position of Presi- 
dent of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, was a son of this old 
County. If space allowed, we might name others who have gone forth from 
among us and in various callings and walks of life have adorned the name of 
their native county and the traditions of their religious denomination. 

The peculiarities of this people are not numerous, but ai-e esteemed by 
them as of vital importance:— They have always laid great emphasis upon the 
doctrine of individual responsibility, and contended that it is the right and 
the duty of every man to study the Scriptures for himself and to worship God 
accoi'ding to the dictates of his own conscience: They insist upon a credible 
profession of faith in Jesus Christ as the prerequisite to baijfi.'-ni,— ujion inj- 
mersion as essential to baptism, — upon the independence of the churches — 
(holding that each church is r^jonsible only to Christ as her Head and Law- 
giver, though any number of churches may combine co-operate, in be- 
nevolent and religious enterprises,) — and upon the absolute equality of the 
ministry; the majority of them hold that none are entitled to the privilege of 
coming to the Lord's table, or participatiiig in the observance of the Lord's 

Supper, who are not consistent members of a church of regenerate and im- 
mersed believers. They are aggressive in educational and benevolent and 
missionary enterprises, and readily co-operate with all other Christians in all 
good works when they can do so without sacrificing their cardinal pi-inciplea. 

We append, from the " Historical Sketch " above referred to, a few ex- 
tracts, or individual sketches, which contain matter of interest to many of our 
citizens. It will be observed that the churches named are those vithin the 
present limits of Culpeper County. 

" Jeffersonton, at the village of that name, in the county o*' Culpeper, 
about IG miles N. E. of the court house, formerly Hedgeman's River, was or- 
ganized in 1773, the constituent members coming from Carter's Run in Fau- 
quier. John Picket was pastor till 179i). His successors have been John Hick- 
erson till 1809. Daniel James till 1811, Thornton Stringfellow till 1818, Daniel 
James again 1818-1832, E. G. Ship one year, Cumberland George 1828-1868, 
Barnett (irimsley 1863-1881, L. R. Steele 1881-1884, and M. U. Grimsley who 
still serves in that capacity. Her membership, since 1876 has gi'own from 134 
to 171." 

Since this'was written the membership of the Jeflfevsonton church has in- 
creased to 204, but the pastor last named, Mr. Miltou Robert Grimsley, loved, 
honored, and now lamented by many hundreds of our people, has entered into 
the everlasting rest. He is fitly spoken of as "Grimsley, the loving and belov- 
ed." A strong and useful man, just a liltie past 45 years of age when on June 
the 9th, 1899, he ceased from the joys and labors of earth. The present pastor 
of this church is Rev. L. R. Thomhill, D. J)., who has but recently come to re- 
side within our bordei'«, 

"CULPEPKR (of which your committee have the honor to be members) sit- 
uated since 1834 in the town of Culpeper, was constituted in 1774 by Elder 
David Thomas, 'the first Baptist preacher that ever proclaimed the gospel in 
Orange and Culpeper,' the constituent members coming from a church in Or- 
ange county, organized in 17()8, and known as Mountain Run. Until April 
2yth, 1873, the Culpeper church was known as the Mt. Poxky church. 'In 
1791 she sent off her first colony to Gourdvine, and in 1803 her second — (72 
memlers) to Bethel; In 1833 she dismissed a third to Stevensburg and removed! 
with the remaining sixty white members to the town of CuliJeper. At that 
time Waller R. Asher and his wife were the only white Baptists living in the 
town.' The pastors have been Nathaniel Saunders (as supply 1774-1777,) John 
Lelaud, Wm. Mason, Nathaniel Saunders, Wm. Mason again, John 
Churchill (iordon, (1822-1847,) Cumberland George, (1847-1863,) J. N. Fox and 
R. H. Stone until Sept. 24th, 1865, James B. Taylor, (1865-1875,) A C. Barran, 
' ■5-1882,) C. F. James, (1882-1889,) and E. W. Winfrey who came into the 
service of this church in December, 1889. The house of worship erected in 1858, 
at a Cost of about $10,000.00, 'on the spot where stood the old jail in which 
Jame.N Ireland' and others were 'imprisoned for preaching the gospel' as Bap- 
tists, was destroyed by lire on the night of October 6th, 1892. The new build- 
ing wiiich takes its place, on the same historic spot, will cost about $15,000.00. 
This tjhurcli has enjoyed frequent revivals and, at various times, large addi- 
tions to her membership; But, by reason mainly of deaths and removals, the 
net increase in members has not been considerable for a number of years. In 
1876 there were 195 members, now there are 265. Elders M. D. Jeffries and S. 
VV. were members of this church. The lamented Frank C. Johnson who 
had jiist entered the ministry and his brother Thomas A., now a promising 
youn}^- Baptist preacher, were both members of this church in their early boy- 
iiood. ' 


The Rev. Jno. P. Harris, since deceased, was a son of this church and in 
his ourposefuhiess and fervent zeal was laboring as the pastor of churches in 
another county when fatal sickness laid its hand upon him. It is proper to say 
also tbat the membership of this church has grown to be 312, and that the 
beautiful and substantial new house of worship memtioned in the above 
sketch was dedicated on the 16th day of June, 1895. 

"Crooked Run, in Culpeper county, about 10 miles S. W. of the court 
house, 'is a daughter of Blue Run.' She began her career in 1777. Her pas- 
tors have fc^een Elijah Craig 'for about two years,' James Grarnett Sr. for more 
than fifty fi /e years, his grandson James (iarnett Jr. for about forty -six years, 
J. W. McCo'vn for more than fourteen years, J. W. Bishop one year, Jol n C. 
Willis (as a supply) for about 10 montiis, and J. E. Grwatkin whose term of ser- 
vice began February, 1893, The membership in 1876 was 74; it is now 73. The 
eloquent Elder Champ C. Conner, who subsequently removed to Tennessee, 
was a son of this church.*' 

Rev. E. L. Grn'^ce is now the pastor of Crooked Run. and the membership 
is 89. The annual rv^ports of contributions of this church are next to the larg- 
est of all the churches of the Shiloh Association. 

"GouRDViNE, in Culpf^per county, 12 miles North of the court house, was 
constituted March 11th, 170i— (see Culpeper)— with Wm. Mason as pastor. 
He served in that capacity until Goi . 1822, aiid was followed by Jas. Grarnett 
—1822-1863— Barnett Grimsley— 1863-188:— T. P. Brown— (first as assistant to 
B. Grimsley and then as sole pastor 188l-188S,\and F. P. Berkley who assumed 
pastoral care of the church in February, 1890. The membership of this church 
in 1876 was 132; This year she reports 121 — (see Amiss VIL.L.E.) Elders A.M. 
Grimsley and John Roberts Moffatt were ministerial sons of this charcli. A 
brief account of Bro. Grimsley's life and labors and death will appear in your 
Minutes of this session. Bro. Moffatt, a great nephew of Eider Anderson Mof- 
fatt, already mentioned in this paper, had devoted himself with characteris- 
tic sincerity and enthusiasm to the cause of Temperance and become a leader 
of the Prohibition party in the State. In November 1HU2, while on his way to 
the opening — (night) — session of the Baptist General Association in Danville, 
he was met and killed by a political enemy. At that time he was the much 
beloved pastor of the Baptist church in North Danville, as well as Editor of 
the Prohibition paper— Anti-Liquor. He was a man of no small abilities, de- 
cided convictions, earnest piety, consuming zeal and unfaultering courage, 
and though only 34 years old had been largely useful." 

The present pastor of the Gourdvine church is Rev. S. W. Cole, who also 
serves the New Salem church mentioned below. 

"Bethel, in Culpeper county, about 9| miles West of the court house, 
was constituted in 1803 — (see Culpeper.) Her pastors have been Wm. Ictason — 
(1803-1821)— Daniel James, as supply— August 1822-March 1823— Jas. (iamett— 
(1823-1874)— A. H. Spilman— (Sept. 1874— March 1875)—, and Thoinas F. 
Grimsley since July 1875. During the past 18 years her membership Jias in- 
creased from 167 to 285. From this church have gone into the ministrj' T. P. 
Brown, John H. Boldridge, James R. Brown, and Wade Brown." 

Rev. T. F. Grimsley is still pastor at Bethel, and the membership haS come 
to be 310. 

"Cedar Run, in Culpeper county, some 6 or 7 miles South West of tht^ court 
house, was organised in April, 1H30. The first house of worship was b^^i't on 
an island in the stream, (Jedar Run, just below the point at which tl*^ rail- 
road now crosses the same. The second, erected a few years before tl'^ wr.r. 


and torn down by Federal soldiers, stood about a half-uiUe East of Mitchell's 
Station. Another by the almost unaided liberality of the pastor, Elder James 
Garnett, was erected on the same spot after the war between tlie States, ])ut 
was torn down in lS7d, and rebuilt on the present site. Two years aj^o, the 
church determined to erect a new house of worsliip; this is now nearly feom- 
pleted, and will ])r )b:ibly cost about |1,400. Her pastors have been James 
Garnett— (1830-1S74)— Dr. Win. A. Hill— (1877-1880)— VV. G. Roan— (1881-1 s"8 5)— 
J. A. Chambliss— (June 1883— Feb. 1884)— and I. N. May, who has been servinfi: 
in that capacity since 1834. The pai*ents of Elders J. S., M. B. and H. M. 
Wharton wei"e active and honored laembers of this chui'ch, and Elder J. S. 
Wharton was by her licensed to preach. Seventeen years ago her membership 
was i)'-]; this year she reports 75." 

Sinre the above was written, the membershii) of Cedar Run has increased to 
103, til • liev. Gabriel Gray has served for a number of years as pastor, and the 
Rev. Hugh Goodwin has but recently taken charge. 

"New Sa'em, in Culpeper county, about 7 miles North of the court house, 
on the Sperryville and Culpeper Turnpike, was con.stituted in' January, 1834, 
by AVm. F. Broaddus and B. Grimsley. Her first pastor, Champ C. Conner, 
served troiu March 18 U, to March, 18^^)5, and was followed by B. Grimsley — 
(Oct. 18;i")-0ct. 1849)—, J. W. Brown— (Feb'y_ 1850— Oct, 18")0)— , Jno. W. 
George— ;June, '53-Feb'y '54)— Silas Bruce— (1854-18G1)— A. M. Gnmsley— (1805 
until his death in April, 1894.) During the terrible period of the civil war, the 
cliui'ch had no pastor. Since 1870 her memV)ership has grown from 89 to 140 
in 18fc'4. Chas. W. Collier became pastor in August, 1894. Elders Jno. A. 
Eroadus and J. M. Farrar went into the ministry while members of 
this church. Elder A. H. Lewis, now in Missouri, was for a number of years a 
member here. Elder R. H. Stone once held membership in this body. And, 
this was the church of Edmund Broadus, father of Elder John A. Broadus, 
and for miny years a very prominent and influential member of this Associa- 

As noted above, Rev. Mr. Cole is now pastor at New Salem, the Rev. C. \V. 
Collier having previously served in that capacity for a year or two. 

"Stevensburg, at the village of that name in Culpeper county, 7 miles 
from the court house, was organized in 1833 — (see Culpeper.) Thoi'nton String- 
fellow wa-i her pastor from October, 1833 to October, 1848. Cumberland George 
served in that capacity one year. Then followed Jno. W. George— (1851-1801.) 
In 18 !"i the meeting house was burned, and the membership became scattered, 
and stems to have had no regular meetings for five or six years. In July 1808 
they began to gather for worship in a small house at or near Lignum. Elder 
H. E. Hatcher preached for the little band several times in 1807 and 1808. El- 
der A. H. Lc. nett was i^astor 1809-1871. In October 1871 the church was reor- 
ganizi'd in the Methodist house of worship at Stevensburg by Elder James B. 
Taylcr. Prom that tinie until his death in April 1875, Elder A. H. Spilman 
•iservecl as pastor, J. W. McOown was his successor- (1375-1831)— i,nl he was 
;su«ce(;ded— (1881)— by the present pastor. Elder T. P. Brown. In eighteen 
:years hei- membership has increased from 79 to 97. For some years, during the 
isixtie:^ and seventies, this church appears on your Minutes under the name of 
Germ anna." "^ 

R.ev. Mr. Brown is still pastor at Stevensburg, and the membership is now 

1 "Ahim Spring, in Culpeper county, miles North of the court house, be- 
icam«« a church November 10th, 1855. From that date until his death, August 
25th, 1863, Cumberland George was her pastor. Her other pastors have been 


John N. Fox— (June 18G5— May 1878)— John H. Boklrid^e- (Decenil.or 1878— 
August 1881) — and T. P. Brown from September 1881 until now. Thjs church 
was one of the fruits of a prayer meeting hpid in the woods during the Sum- 
mer of 18o4. Seven of the twelve original constituent members are still in the 
flesh. Her membership eighteen years ago was 44; this year she reports 130. 
Elders B. W. N. and A. M. Simms, now preaching in Texas, went into the min- 
istrj' while membeis of Alum Spring." 

This church, still under the pastoral care of Rev. Mr. Brown, reports this 
year a membership of 137. 

"Lael, four or five miles S. E. of the village of Stevensburg, in Culpeper 
county, was organized in May 1874 by Elders J. B. Taylor Jr. and R. H. Stone, 
with nine male and twelve female members who came from Stevensburg and 
Flat Run, a majority from the former. Her pastors have been R. H. Stone — 
(1874-1884)— and F. H. James since March 1885. Her present house of worship, 
a beautiful building, was erected in 1890. The 21 members with wliich she 
began 20 j'ears ago have now become 188. In the beginning, she paid her pas- 
tor |40 00 a year for "once a month" preaching; The pastor now occupies her 
pulpit on two Sundays of each month, and receives a salary of $2r)0.()(t i)er an- 
num. In something like this ratio she has increased her contributions to mis- 
sions and other benevolent enterprises. Mr. A (t. Willils, one of her best be- 
loved and most highly honored members, has contril)uted much to the attain- 
ment of this prosperity and progress." 

Lael, with Rev. F. H. James still serving as her pastor, reports a member- 
ship of 205. 

"Brandy, at the railway village of that name in Culpeper county, was 
constituted in 1887, by Elders T. P. Brown, F. H. James, F. P. Robertson, and 
C.F.James. The twelve constituent members came from Stevensburg. J ef- 
fersonton and Good Hope churches. Elders C. W. Brooks served as pulpit 
sup])ly for one year. For 14 months F. P. Bei'kely was pastor. J. E. Gwatkiit, 
who now serves in that capacity, took charge in J891. Her membership this 
year is 53. This church, beginning in a school house and afterwards occui)\ - 
ing for a time the house of worship kindly tendered by the Methodists of the 
place, has manifested a most praiseworthy zeal and perseverance in the vn'r- 
tion of her own handsome building, now almost comijleted." 

The church at Brandy Station now has a membership of (\2, some (A iii*'s»»^ 
being among the most "well-to-do" and influential i)e()ple of the county, .uul 
has the pastoral services of Rev. L. H. Shuck, 1). D. During tlie past ye.u- 
this church has been much alliicted in the death of Mrs. Sallie Stringfeilow to 
whose energy and zeal the origin and progress of the c!i ircli are largely due. 



From the early will books of Culpeper county, beKinmnK July 20, 1749, aud 
extending to March 19, 1821, the publisher has taken the following notes. In 
doing so we were guided by no set rule, but took notes of wills from which it 
was possible to derive any genealogical information, excepting some few, which 
he deemed not of sufficient importance to justify the printing of notes there- 
from. Following the notes from wills we give the complete njarriage record 
of Culpeper from the year, 1781 to January 1, 182r). Prior to 1 780 the mar- 
riage record was kept by the Church authorities; an effort was made to pro- 
cure the whole or a part of this record, but it could not be foaud. 

The marriage record which follows immediately after the notes from wills 
*»tc., can be used in this way. Take the will of ^ Spencer Butlel^ by which it 
appears, that he had a daughter. Dorcas, who married a Duncan. iVow, look 
in the marriage record, where it can 1)e seen that in 1797 James Duncan mar- 
ried Dorcas Butler. 

Roger Dixon was the first clerk of the county. He was succeeded in 1772 
by John Jameson; The first will recordetl was that of 

Elmore (jeorge, datad Sept. 1st, 1748, which was witnessed by Wm. Nash, 
Christopher Threlkeld and Jno. Wetherall. He speaks of his wife, Martha, of 
his sons, William and Thomas: also of his brother, William George. 

The remainder of the notes we give in alphabetical order.Note the follow- 
ing explanations. First is given thfe testators name, then the date the will 
was written: then his wife's name, where it is possible to obtain it; lastly the 
names of his children, and other genealogical information that might l)e at 
hand: The date last given is the probite of the will. Book "(t," from April 1, 
181;}, to June 17, 1817, is missing, the supjjosition I>eing it was lost during the 
w ir between the States. 


Roger Abbett, .J ul. 2, 1702, Ann; had daughters who married Triplett, 
Cummins and Jerome Rosson. Nov. 18, 17G2. 

Roger Abbott, Feb. 21, 1809, Anna; children were Jemina, m. McClana- 
han, Daniel, William, Susanna, m. Roberts, Edward, John W., (ieo. W., Polly 
D., Elizabeth P., and Mahala. April 17, 1809. 

Wm. Allen, July 12, 1799; children; Betty, m. Bartley. Judy, m. Hall, 
Polly, m. Gregory, Ann. m. (iideon R:^es, Jas., Wm. G-., and Chas. C. Sept. IH, 





Samuel Ball, Any. l(i, l?.")!, speaks of his wife, Anna Catharina, and of 
his children, Wm., Marf?aret, Judith Hackley and Mary Oxreen, and of his sons- 
in-law, Jno. Hackley and Robert Green. Nov. 22, 1751. 

William Banks, Mar. 3, 1808, speaks of Baylor and Tunstall, sons of Bay- 
lor Banks, of Wm. F., son of Richard Banks, Miss Jane Leigh, "sister" Eliza- 
beth R. Thornton, "brother"' Tunstall Banks, "aunt" Jane Voss, "sister" Anna 
Banks. Nov. 16, 1812. 

Jas. Barbour, Feb. 28, 1775; childi-en: Richard, Jas., Thos., Philip, Am- 
brose, Betty; grandchildren: Jas. Boyd and Francis Smith. April 17, 1775. 

Sarah Barbour, May 19, 1781; children: Jas., Thos., Philip, Ambrose, 
Mary, m. Harrison, Betty, m. Johnston; grandchildren: Mordecai, Thos. and 
Frances Barbour, Lucy Johnston, Lucy Todd, Sarah. Mary and Jas. Barbour. 
Feb. 18, 1788. 

Leonard Barnes, May 1805. Children: Charles, Henry, Leonard, Raw- 
leigh, Clara, m. Partlow, Judith, m. Dulany, Polly, m. Kirtley, Catherine, m. 
Hume, and another dau. who seems to have m. a Thompson Aug. 20, 1810. 

Jos. Beltield, Aug. 9, 17G(j; had nephew Belfield Cave; speaks of his bro. 
Wm. Glass; his sister Elizabeth ui. lienj. Cave. July 10, 1770. 

Charles Benson, Sept. 23, 1805. Children; James, John, Agathy, m. 
Yancey, and a daughter who m. Richard Bullard. Had land on the "North 
River." Feb. 15, 181:!. 

Jno. Blakey. Dec. 80, 1781; children: Jno., Churchill, Frances, m. Bush, 
Martha, m. Morris, Sarah, m. Eddins, and ElizaV)eth, m. Daviss. Mar. 18, 1782. 

Wm. Bledsoe, Dec. 27, 17(59; Mary; children we're: Geo., Aaron, Mille, m, 
Geo. Wetherall, Mary, m. Ambrose Powell, Jno., Wm., Jas., Hannah, m. Cave, 
and Moses. Apr. 19, 1770. 

Elliott Bohannon. Apr. 1781; Ann; ch.: Aml)rose, Mildred, m. Gaines, 
Maiy, m. Herndon, Anne, m. Kirtlej% Jno., and Elliott. May 21, 1781. 

Jno. Bond, Apr. 17, 1750; Mary; had dau. who married Benjamin Long, 
who had sons, Bloomfield and John Bond Long. May 15, 1700. 

Joshua Botts' estate was divided Jan. 1818. Had dau. Nancy, m. Jessee 
Nalle, and Susanna, m. and son Benjamin, who died leaving dau., Susanna, 
m. Triplett. I'liili)) Harrison and John Minor Avere executors of Benj. Botts. 

Andrew Bourn, Aug. 22, 1788; Jane; children: Pilizabeth, m. Hawkins 
Ann, m. Hawkins, Sarah, m. Piece, Jane, m. Hawkins, Frances, m. Reuben 
Newman, Judith, m. Zimmerman, Polly, Andrew and Wm. Jan. 18, 17V)0. 

Francis Brandum, Jan. 1, 1799; Mary. (,^hildren:, Wm., Jno., Ezekiel, 
Lucy, Rachall, Molly and Eleanoi'. 

Jacob A. Broil, Nov. 3, 1761; Catherine; children: Adam, Nicholas, Pe- 
ter, Michal, Matthias, Cyrus, Jacob, Jno., Zacharias, Mary, Catharine Way- 
land and Elizabeth Wilhoite. May 19, 17(«. 

John Brown, Jan. 7, 1774; Elizabeth: Jno.. Elizabeth, m. Dickerson, 
Ann., Mary, Daniel. Coleman, Thos., Wm.. and Richard. Nov. 20, 1780. 

John Brown, June 20, 1808. Mary. Had John, and Ann, m. liightfoot. 
Sept. 21, 1807. 

Thos. Brown, Aug. 10, 1758, married Eleanor, the widow of Edward 
Stubblelield, and hj»,d one daughter, Eleanor; he speaks of his brothers, Dan- 
iel, Coleman and Wm.. and of his niece, Elizabeth Pargesou. Dec. 21, 1758. 


Horace Bnekner, Mar. 13, 18y0; cli. Frances, Horace, Archibald, Otway, 
Ritchie, and Walker. Had bro. Geo. Buckner. Ang. 21, 1821. 

Richard Burdyne, July 2, 176|1; Catherine; leaves to his son Reginald, a 
tract of land on the west side of the "ragged" Mountain, adjoining the lands 
of Dick and Bogle; to his son, Samuel, land adjoining Jno. and Martin Nalle, 
Wni. and Francis Gaines, and Capt. Wni. Brown; his two daughters, Hannah 
and Barbara, married Shotwell and Grissom; to his son, Nathaniel, a tract of 
land on the north branch of the Rappahannock river, adjoining lands of Geo. 
Wni. Fairfax Esq., (^apt. Robert (Treen. C,'ai)t. (Jave and Edward Herndon; to 
his son, Jno., land on the north side of Robinson river, adjoining lands of Al- 
exander and Daniel Campbell, and Jas.'Hurt; he directs that a cow and a calf 
be given to each of his sons on the day of their marriage. Oct. 15, 17(31. 

- ■''SpeiicerlButler,\ July 20, 1818; ch. Thornton, Wm., Fielding, AVillis, 
Lan<lon, Joel, Dorcas, m. Duncan, Sally, m. Grimsley, Ann, m. Willey, and 
Pt>lly, m. Mill.en. Sept. 21. 181 K. 

Harmon Button, April 10, 18>2; ch. John, Elias, Frederick, Hannah, m. 
Burrell, Luttrel, Martin. Pollv.AVm.. and Jas.; Mav 20, 1820. 


Susanna Carter, wife of 'f'hos. Carter; ch. Wm , Landon, Thos., Jas , 

Abner, Robt. and Jas. June 10, 1820. 

Lawrence Catlett; Mary; June. 30, 1782; children: Kemp, Thos., Geo.; 
Alary, Sarah, Alice and Nancy. Sept. 16, 1782. 

John Cole, Jan. 5. 1757, children, Richard, John, Mary Ann, Martha, 
■who m. Wm. Reynolds; speaks of his son-iu-law, Jno. Morgan, who m. Alice 
Jan. 15, 1757. 

Margeret Conner, (widow), Mar. 4, 1744, witnessed by Mary Stokes, John 
and Judith Hackley, sjjeaks of her children, Wm. Conner, Ann Kelley, Han- 
nah Wood, pjlizabeth Lynch and Sarah Balynger. May 16, 1751. 

Wm. Corbiu, Nov. 10, 1789; Sarali; children: Benj., Lewis, Wm-, Isaiah, 
Caty, Jno., m. Thatcher, Ann, m. A+rdrrnx' Grant, Margaret, m. Walker. April 
1 . , 1 < < .-:^ ;<-, vv/i vu,; i3^,v T ■ 

AVm. Covington, Feb. 11, 1783; cViildren: Eleanor, m. Robt. Hensley, 
(Tu/zel, m. Cooper, Elizabeth, and Robert. Had bro. Richard; Aug. 18, 1784. 

Thos. Covingtoji, Dec. 5, r756, who lived and owned property in the 
town of Culpeper, had daughters, Ann, who m. Travers, and Sarah, Avho m. 
Tutt. Jan. 15, 1767. 

(/hristopher Crigler, Sept. 9, 1808; childi-en: Elizabeth, • m. Taylor, 
Wm., Lewis, et als. Mav 23. 1810. 

Birkett Davenport, Feb. 20, 1813. Had four grandchildren who were 

Birkett Davenport Thompson, Philip Roots Thompson, Eliza Fry, and Elea- 
nor Thornton; had dau. Elizabeth, m. Jameson. Sept. 16, 1817. 

• Geo. Dillard, • Mar. 2, 1790; children: Major.Ann, m. Robt. Freeman, Jno., 
Sam'l., Jas., Elizabeth, m. Chas. Duncan, and Sarah, m. Jno. Colvin. Sept. 
20, 1790, 

John Dillard, Dec. 30, 1797; Ann; Left property to Priscilla Bowman, 

Peggy Duncan, Ann Carter, Mary Duncan, Elizabeth Duncan, Sally James 
J)un(uin, Lucinda Duncan, daus. of his sister, Lizza Duncan, Priscilla Colvin, 
dau. of sister, Sarah Colvin, and to Elizabeth Latham Freeman, dau. of Heze 
kiah Freeman. Oct. 17, 1808. 


Win. Duncan, May IT, 1790; Rosaniia; cliildrcii: Wni., .las.. Frederick 
and Benj. Sept. 20, 1801. 

Wm. Duncan, Feb. 24, 1781; children: Clias., Janie.s, Rawiey, Wui., Jno., 
Jos., and Anne, m. Roberts. Witnessed by Wni. Hughes, Win. and Shadra<'k 
Brownintf. Oct. 15, 1781. 

Robt. R. Duncan, ' Juno 7, 1788; Am ■ iiildrcn, Robert. (!has., Saininy, 
Jos., .John, (iolhip or (iallup, Phillis, m. Jno. Harbee. who had dan. tliat 
in. Enoch Bradford, Ann, in. Thos. Pope, Mary. in. Jo.s. Hackley first, and 
Thos. Grinnan second, Rosey, m. .Jas. Jett Lavinia, in. Jno. Liglitfoot. Oct. 

Jas. Duncan, Aug. 17, 1801; Mary; chilih-en; Sally, m. Yancy, Mary; Geo., 
Franci8,Jo8., Liney, in. Johnston, Lucy, m. Threlkeld, Elizabeth, in. Rout. 

James DniK^an's estate was divided i.i August. 1815), Geo. Duncan. .Ino. 
D. Browning and Bryant O'Bannon being the coinniissioners. He lived on 
Thornton river. His ch. were Lewis, Michael, Janit^s, Jjticy, Win., Hiraiu \nd 

Henry Duval, Mar. 11, 1810. Children, ijucy, in. Seal, Polly, in. Samuel, 
Daniel, Henry, Charlotte, m. Ball April 17, IMIO. 

Daniel Duval. Aug. SO, 1819. Polly; ch. Win.,. las., Isaac, Finely, Juliett 
Ann, and Thomas Albert; Nov. 1.5, 1819. 

— -"-' E 

Wm. Edgar, Feb. 14, 17(5:!, had nieces, Susannah, who m. \Vin. Jett, Sa- 
rah 111. Allen Ranes. July 20. 1709. 

Jos. Early, Feb. 12, 1780; Jane; ch: Indiana, Paschal, Mary, Win., White- 
lield and Jos., to whom he left his lands in the "(Jounty of Kentucky.'' Oct. 
20. 178:!. 


Saiiil. Fargeson. 17(2: ch. wore Sanil.. Sus.Miinah, m. Daniel. Ann. m. ^ 

Francis Str(>ther, and Lucy. in. Jno. Gx*aves. May 10, 1772. 

.Jno. Faver, Jul. 19, 1779; Isabel: children: Henrietta, ni. Lewis Yancey, 
AVni., Jno., m. Ann, dan. of Th(^>s. Covington and Jael, his wife. Mar. 18, 178:!* 

.John Favors. died in May 1789, left Rosanna, Isabella. Frances, .John, 
and prohal)ly a dau. who ni. .John Apperson, who shares in the division of the 

Henry Field Jr., Mary. Nov. 7. 178.5; ch: Daniel, Henry. Wm. S.. Dinah, 
Suze, Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, Nancy, m. Delany, (ieo., Jos., Thos., and Jno. 
0>vned large lot of l^nd in Kentucky. Oct. 15. 1787. 

Jno. Field, Aug. 21, 1774; Anna; ch: Elizabeth, m. Lawrence Slaughter, 
•Jno., Mary, m. Gerjrge Slaughter, Larkiii, Anna: refers to the fact of his son: 
Ezekiel, being missing, and the "cortainty of his being dead or alive not 
known,'' and leaves him much property- in case he is found alive. May 1.'), 

Frederick Fishback, Sept. 20,1782; Eve; ch: Martin, Ann, in. Smith, Jno., 
Jacob, Elizaljeth, m. Spilman, (Jatharine. m. Atwood, Sarah, m. Button, Mary 
and Frederick. Oct. 21, 1782. 

Francis Fletcher, Mar. 25, 1781; m. Nanny, the dau. of Thos. Collins: 
ch.: Jenny, Jerry White, Ann White, Billey and Sukey. Aug. 20, 1781. 

John Foushee, April 15,1777; Aphia; lived on Cedar Run; childwu: Jno., 
Thornion, Geo., Chas., .Jos., Wm., Klijali. DanM.. Nancy, m. .Jno., Turemat; 




Abstract of will of JOSEPH DUITCAIT of 
which appears erroneously in "Green'g 
as will of James Duncan, 
Vol D, page 356, Aug. 17, 1801; probt 
Will - Joseph Duncan - wife Mary; • Chj 
Mary Duncan, George Duncan, Liney Jol" 
daughter Frances Duncan, Lucy Threlke 
Wit: Morgan Wright, EenJ, Fargason, I 

Correction sent by^^jl* >. . . ..^JUk^x^ 

Secretary, DunS 
March 11, 1933. 3803 Travis Ave 

The name "Liney*' appears in the recor 
for Aseneth (a family "^iven" name)* 
Seney Duncan married Allen Johnson, '6 


Jeniiiiiah, Hannah, Elizabeth and Benj. June 21, 1779. 

Robert Freeman, May 13, 1703. EhV.abeth. Cliildren: Robert and a 
dan. ni. Wm. Haynie. Dec. 23, 1807. 

Jno. Freeman, Mar. 19, 1800; wf. Sarah; chiUh-en: Jno.. Elizabeth, m. Fran- 
cis Miller, and Harris. Sept. 15, 1800. 

Rol)t. Freeman, July 31, 1811; ; children: Elizabeth, m. Collins, Priscilla, 
in, Hawkins", tlobt., Geo.. Polly, Han-iet. 8ei)t. 1(5, 1811. 

Harris Freeman, July 25, 1831. Had nephews, Harris Read and French 
En<;!ish, and niece, ElizaVieth Ball. Aup:. 20, 1821. 


Poratha Gaines, Ai-ril 24, 1786: children: Doratha. Susannah, m. Carter, i 
Ai ne, m. Martin, Elizabeth, m. Yates, and Jas. June 19, 1786. 

Richard Gaines, July, 27, 1803. Children: Wm., Lucy, m. Botts, Row- 
h>.rn),], Gemima, m. ^peak, Benj., Nathaniel, Jos., Judith, m. Chancelloi-, Aune, 
H' ('ri<j:Ier, Jno. Cook Gaines, and Elizabeth, m. Thomas. Speaks of his jjrrand- 
son, Travis Gaines. Feb. 18, 18(!5. ^ 

Jas. Gaines, Oct. 10, 1805. Cliildren: Melinda, Clarissa, Susanna, M„ry 
yB^nn, Lucy, Francis, Wm. S., Thos., Horace, Fontaine, and Mortimer His 
/lend,"' Philip Li{j:litfoot was liis executor. Oct. 21, 1805. 

Ricliard <raines. Feb. 4, 1807. Elizabeth. Children: Mary, m. Orr, Eliz- 
abeth, m. Clayton, Caty m. Rosson, Sally, m. Rucker, Richard; had jjr.-ind- 
dauirhter, Polly ^Pendleton Gaines. Feb. 16, 1807. 

• Wm. Q"'-)vy;e, Apr. 4, 1781; ch: Mary Ann, m. Thos. Unff^r, Elizabeth ni., 
Conner. Sept. 15, 1783. 

Jas. Gillison, Feb. 5, 1750, left all his property to his brothers, John and 
Archibald Gillison, of Caroline county. Aup*-. 21, 1760. 

Henry Green of Faue(uier county, Sept. 6, 1782; had bros. Willis and 
Wm., sister, Eleanor Duff (irreen. His mother was Ann. Sept. 19, 1785. 

Ann Green, Sept. 20, 1804. Children: Ann, m. Poindexter, Eleanor, m. 
Marye, Elizabeth, m. Camp, Mary, m. Thomas, Milly, tu. Stringer, Lucy Cole- 
man, m. Pinkard, Francis Wilhoite Green. Speaks of sister, Elizabeth Trip- 
lett Oct. 15. 1804. 

•las. Green, Dec 3, 1807. Elizabeth. Ch: Gabriel, Jas., Dolly, m. Far- 
row, Elizabeth, m. Peacocke, Jones, Robert, Aufi;ustine, John, Lucy, Mary 
Bohon Green. August 23, 180!). 

Wm. Grey's estate was divided Autr. 18, 1820; W'm., Wilson, Wal- 
ton, Henry, Rebecca, Adaline. John and Harriet Grey, and Lucy, who lu. A. 

Thos. Griffin, Feb. 9, 1781; Elizabeth; children: Zatdiariah. Elizabeth, m. 
Ijonp:, Mary, m. Peters and Anthony. Oct. 21, 1783. 

Henry Griffin, Jun. 25, 1807; Gracey; ch: Thomas, Edward, Elizabeth 
and Marv. Lived near "Capt. Green's Mill." Feb 10,1818. 


John Hackley, died in Oct. 1708; his four eldest daughters married Peter 
TaliafeiTO, Richard Hackley, Samuel Reeds and Jas. Jameson. 

-fohii Hackley, ]\Iar. 16, 1799; owntd land in the ''Western country." 
"s};eaks of his uncle, Wm. Ball, of liis bros. inlaw, Thos. Jameson, m. Lucy 
xJackley, Sani'l. Reed. in. Sar ih Hackley, Richard Hackley, m. Elizabeth 


Hacklej-, and of his sister,' Ann Taliai-jno, vi iiis uncle and aunt Barrow, of 
his bro. Jas. Hackley, of Fanny Ball Long, dau. of Gabriel Long, and Fanny 
Ball Thomas, dau. of Edw. Ball Thomas, of Ky. June 15, 1801. 

Jacob Hanback, Nov. 1, 17H5; Mary; children: Jno., Jacob, Wm., Susan- 
nah, Elizabeth, m. Jacob Coons, Mary, m. Henry Coons, and Catherine. Own- 
ed land Jac Coohs,Harmon Young and Jos. Wayman. Dec. 19, 1785. 

Wm. Hansford, June 7, 1750, speaks of his daughter, Sarah Porter, who 
jnarried Nicholas Porter, and had son, ITenjamin, and of his sons, Wm., Sails, 
Chas., Jno., imd liis daughter Anne. Oct. 17, 1754. 

AVinifred Harford, May 38, 1S07, had dau. who m. John Quaintance. 

Feb. 20, 1809. 

Mathew Hawkins, May 27, 1820; Betty; ch. Job, James, Rebecca, m. 
Hawkins Popham, Betty, m. Humphrey Popham, Phebe, ni, Thos. Popham, 
Susanui, m. Bhuj. Duncan, xMary, m. Lightfoot,& John, (irandchildren were 
Samuel Hawkins, Clarisa, Sarah, Virinea, Melinda and Jii'ia Kilby. June 19, 

Saml, Henning, Nov. 18, 1770; Eleanor; children: Saml., Jas., Mary, wife 
of Lewis Stephens Jr., of Frederick county, Joanna, Nancy. Elenor. Sally, and 
David. July 18, 1774. 

Jolin Hill, May 7, 1700: Betty: had daughter, Sarah, who m. Deforest. 
His sons were (.^has., Jos. and ]je Roy. Apr. 10, 1707. 

Richard Hill, Nov. 12, 18j1; lived on Hedgeman River; had sons in law, 
Jas. Lear and Jas. Burdette. 

Wiuiiiiu iJia, J'.H,n. 25, 1809. Frances; children, Ann. m. Geo. Roberts, 
Russell, Armistead, Sail,,- Lucy, m. Nalle, Betsy, m. Daniel Brown, William, 
and Patsey, m. Colvin. April 20, 1S12. 

Jas. Hoard, Dec. 14, 1802; o^rned land in Spotsylvania; ch: Jas., Anne, 
m. Jas. Withers, Jane m. Thos. Brookt*s, Frances, m. Slaughter; testator m. 
dau. of Tenion Miller, of Spottsylvania. Dec. 17, 1803. 

Jno. Hoofman, Dec. 80. 1702, wills his two bibles, in addition to his l.-irge 
estate, to his ten sons, "the two eldest to take them the first year, and Then 
deliver them to the two next until they have had them around, and beginning 
again with the eldest and so continue as long as the bibles shall last."' chil- 
dren were: Frederick, John, Nicholas, Michael, Jacob, Paul, Williauj, George, 
Henry, Dilman, Miu'garet, Catherine, Elizabeth, and 3Iary. Aug. 17, 1772. 

Thos. Hopper, Jan. 25, 180:>. Mary Ann. Children: Frances, m. Black- 
well, Jemima, m. William Tapp, Elizabeth, m. Vincent Tapp. Speaks of his 
grandson Wm. ('oons, whom he appoints as one ot his executors. Nov. 2(>, 
1 809. 

Dr. Thos. Howison, Mar. 2, 1709; Betty; had bros. Jno. and Wm. who 
lived near Alloa in North Britain; another bro. was Robt. Howison. Owned 
land on Blue Ridge adjoining Col. Fitzhugh. Left a daughter. Jun. 10, 1709. 

Henry HulTman, Apr. 5, 1707; Margaret; children: Tilman, Jno., Henry. 
Jos., Hermon, F^lizabeth, m. Jno. Young, Catherine^ Mary, Alice, Susainiali 
and Eve. Sept. 6, 178:1 i 

Jas. Hurt, Mar. 28, 1785; Sarah; children: Wm., Frances, m. Grayson, 
Anna, m. Acra Berry, Mary, m. Berry, and Sarah, m. Yowell. Jun. 15, 1789. 

James Jeffries, June 2!), 18U5; children: J'.olly. m. McCoy, Lydda. Sallv 
Susanna, m. Hansbrough, Thos.. Selah. m. Mason. Elizabeth, m. YHncev,..Jrxi. 


Jauies, Thomas ami Alexamleii' Dec-. Hi, 18fM. ," ,., ^ 

\jno. Jett, ■. May 6, X763; children were Stephen, Jas., Jno., Wm., Eliza- 
beth, m Roach, Margraret, in. Butler, and Mary, ni. Tapp. Nov. 18, 1771. 

Wm. Jett, Jul. 25, 1799; Susanna; children: EdK^r. Milly, m. Wm. Jett, 
Molly, m. Wm. Williams, (and had Geo., Uroan, Ezra and Tephamah,) Marga- 
ret, ra. Jas. Withers Downey, (and had Jane, Edgar and Wm. Jett,) Betsy, m. 
Wm. Whitehead, Phebe, m. Jas. Withers Doores, Matthew. Anne, Su.sannah, 
and Dieey. Sept. 25, 1801. 

John Jett, Nov. 31, 1802. Children: Wm., St<.phe!i, Jas., Jos., Niuunt, 
Ann. m. (Jhurchman. Elizabeth, m. Canady, Sarah, m. Hopper, and Abigail, 
ni. Arnold. April 18, 1808. 

David Jones, Feb. 2, 1751, speaks of his sister Mary Morris and of his 
bro. in law, Thos. Morris. Apl. KJ. 17.VJ. 

Gabriel Jones, Sept. ;5. 177(j; Martha; children: Ann, Robt., (^abriel, 
Frances, m. Slaughter, and Mary. Testator m. Martha, dau. of Mi's. Ann Wal- 
ler; had four sisters; Lu(^y Poindexter. Betty Green, Jane Gray and Dorothy 
Johnston. His widow m. Wm. Broaddus. Oct. 21, 1777. 

Mary Jones, Aug. 27, 1807. Children: Ann, m. Boughan, Mary, m Mc- 
Grath, Lucy, m. Thornhill, and Thomas. Feb. 17, 1813. 

Thos. Jordan, June 19, 1809. Children: Mary, Rachel, Marshall, Geo., 
Jno., Wm., Absolam, Sarah, m. Corley. Frances, m. Hand, and Ann, m. Geo. 
Johnston. Aug. 21. 180!l. 


Michael KafTer, Dec. 28. 17(»2, had daughters, Elizabeth, m. Adam Garr, 
Barbara, m. Jno. Weaver, Mary, m. Geo. Utz, Margaret, m. Nicholas Crighter, 
and Doratha, m. Jno. Clore. Nov. 17, 1768. 

Francis Kirtley, Nov. 22, 1702. had daughters who m. Cowherd and 
Collins. Mar. 1, 17«P.. 

Samuel Kennerly, Sept. 22, 1749; Eleanor; children: Thos., Jas., Eliza- 
beth, Coleman, Craffron Strother, Sanuiel, Margaret Ruddal, and Ann Nams- 
ley. Had land adjoining Thornton, Covington and Jno. Strother. Jan. 10, 

Elin Kennerly, Oct. 2S, 175:'; children, Thomas, Elizabeth, who married 
Wm. Coleman, Jailies, and Katherine, who married Jeremy Strother. Sejjt. 
16, 1756. 

Wm. Knox, Fel). fi. 1805. Susannah. Children: Thos. Fitzhugh, Janet 
Somerville, ni. Voss, Susannah Fitzhugh, m. Gordon; unmarried daughters 
were Sarah Stewart, Caroline, Anne Campbell, and Agnes. Other sons were 
William Alexander and John Somerville. April 23. 1806. 


Thos. Latham, Mar. 0, 1778; wf. Caroline. (Jhihlren: Henry, .\niie, iii. 
Jas. Gaines, and Sukey. Jan. 18, 1796. 

Frances Latham, Oct. 28, 1789; children: Susannah, m. Thos. Freeman, 
Frances, m. Lynfield Sharpe, Robert, George and Philip. Jan. 18, 1790. 

Paul Leatherer, Nov. 5, 1780; wf. Margaret; children: Michael, Nicholas, 
Samuel, Jno., Paul, Joshua, Susannah, Margaret, and Mary, m. Jno. Yowell. 
Nov. 21, 1785. 

Goodrich Lightfoot, Apr. 24. 1778; chihren; Elizabeth, m. James, Ann, 
m. Grasty, Mary, m. Hubbard, Fanny, m. Hackley, Susanna, m. Brot)ks, Jno., 
Ph blpg. Priscilla, Martha; had four unmarried "hildren. June 15, 1778. 

Uoivert T .les, Tan tO. 1749. Margaret; l-d several daughters who ni. 

Garrat, Carter, Foote, and HowelL Feb. lo, 1749. 

Reuben Long, Dec. 29, 1791; wf.'KIary. Cliildren: Gabriel, Evans, An- 
derson, Niinrod, Fanny, m. Daniel Richardson, 'Pegprie, lu. Robert Kay, Polly, 
m. John Nash. June 18, 1793. 


Mary Major, Aug. 23, 1809. Children: Wax., Mary, m. Richard Payne. 
Sept. 18, 1809. 

Elizabeth Marshall, Apr. 17, 1779; children: Thos., Win.. Jno.. Mary. in. 
McClanahan, Markham, Margaret, m. Snelling; grandchildren: Thos. Smith 
and Wm. Lovell. May 17, 1779. 

John Matthew, June 19, 1800. Children; Nancy, Polly, and Caty. all of 
Avhom m. a Shackelford. Jan. 1810. 

Frances Mauzy; Dec. 30, 1816. Ch: Anne, m. Nalle, Susan, m. Triplett, 
having several daus. and two sons, Wm. H., and Joshua B. Triplett. Jan. 19, 

Chas. Morgan, Feb. 3, 1782; children: Ann, ni. Wright, and Milly, ni. 
Cornel'us. Speaks of his son in-law, Brvant Thornhill. Felj. 18, 1782. 

. N 

Martin Nalle, Mar. 14, 1780, left his estate to his brothers, Richard, Jno., 
Francis and Jas. Nov. 20, 1780. « 

Jno. Nalle, Sept. 16, 1780: children: Richard, Jno., Wm., Francis, Jas., 
Agatha, m. Russell Hill, Mary, m. Sims, Ann, m. Burke, Gressel, m. Parker. 
Amie, in. Wm. Morris. Elizabeth, m. Sims, and Martin, wh(9se whereabouts 
were not known. Aug. 19, 1782. * 

Martin Nalle, Mar. 9, 1788; wf. Isabel; children: Wm., Martin, Ann, 
Rachel, Winny, Clary, and Milly. Caty Sparkf dau. of Humphrey Sparks, was 
his gran. dau. Sept. 15. 1788 

Richard Nalle, Dec. 7, 1785: wf. Judah; children: Susannali, m. Bnrk. 
Was bro. of Francis Nalle. Dec. 18, 1786. 

Bazel Nooe, Sept. 3, 1803. Speaks of brother, Zachiniah, sister, Sarah 

Watson, and his nephew, James Slaughter. April 17, 1809. 

Courtney Norman, Mar, 11, 1770; Mary; dau, Amey, m.* Murphy; sons 
were Jno., Courtney, Reuben, Benj., Wm. and Ezekiel. Aug. 20, 177(>. 

Jos. Norman, Nov. 20, 1783; wf. Sarah: children: Thos., Jno., Wm., Jas,, 
Isaac, Mary, m. Dillard. Winifred, ra. Bywaters, Peggy, m. Calvert. Fanny 
and Kisiah. Feb. 16, 1784. 

Roger Oxford, Mar. 10, 1758, Margaret; had daughters, Hannah, who 
married Morgan, and Mary who married Brown. Mar. 15, 1759. 

Thos. Oxford, Nov. 11, 178U Elizabeth; children: Molley, m, Augustine 
Jennings. Apr. 15, 1782, 


It appears from the records that Sarah, the widow of Wm. Pannill, mar- 
ried Wm. Strother. 

Richard Parks, Mar. 2, 1817, Anne. . Hf^.d seven children, among them 
being Jas., Gabriel, Peggy, m. N;JIe and left children. Aug. 18, 1817. 

Jas. Bendleton, Aug. 12, 1793; wf. Catherine; children: Catlett, Jas. Bow- 
ie, Thos., Wm., Elizabeth, ra. Jno. Pendleton, Ann, m. Wm. C. Brown, Pegt ' 
m. Slaughter. Oct. 21. 1793. ' 

Ann Pendleton, Feb. 2.-), IHOt. Speaks of her ■>:rand(lan<rhters, Harriett, 
Juliette and Carroline Green. Had Henry. Edmund, and Frances, in. "".Yard. 
JulyUi. 1S04. 

Wm.'Peyton, July 7, 1T71: children were Win., Chas., Jno., BenJ., Ann, 
ni. Stone, Mary, m. Smith, Judith, m. Allen, and Susannah, m. Perfect. Oct. 
01. 1771. Y 

Jno. Pfc'kett, , .^uly !), IHO:!. Hannah. Cliildren: .John, Wm., Oaty, m. 
Hume, Elizabeth, niv/ Settle, Polly,l m. James, Sally, Judith, Nancy, Hannah 
and Lucy. Owned land in Ky. Sept. 17. 180:5. 

Benj. Powell, 1708, children: Benjamin, Jas., Wm., Sarah, Ann and Bet- 
ty Munford. Had brother Ambrose, and brother-in-law, (xeo. AVetheral. 
Feb. 16. 1709. 

Ambrose Powell, Jan. 0, 17S3; wf. Mary: children : Robert, Wui., Anne, 
m. Henry Hill, Fanny, m. Sutton (children were John, Mary and Bledsoe.) 
Devised "warrant: for 2,000 acres of land as an officer in the last war." Oct. 20, 
1788. • ^ 

Jane Pritcliard, July 14, 1781; cliildren: Isal)ella, wife of Jolui Hill,p]liz- 
abeth. m. Patje, Sarah, m. (-ook. Ann, m. Treany. Aujj:. 20. 1781. 


Darby C^uinn, Dec. 21. 17.')4. Son, Richard, and dau., Eliza1)eth. who m. 
a Bruce. Sent. 10. 17.")(i. 


John Read, Aug'. 17, 17"").">. Winifred, had dau. Mary who ni. Jos. Nor- 
liian, Elizabeth, who m. Stephen Jett, and Ann, whom. Hufi:h Freeman! Sejjt. 

19, 170;5. 

Jno. Read, Seyit. 21, 1819. ch. Samuel, Elizabeth, m. Carter, Mary m. 
Hufnr^n, Griffin, Tabitha, m. Chewminj?, Rebekah, m. Freeman, Theophilus, 
Robert Coleman, and Ann, m. Robsrjn. June 19, 1820. Ij 

Martha Richards, June 7, ISO."); children: Thos., Ajin, m. Wm. Robinson, 
Rel)ecca, Lucy. Richard, Martha and Elizabeth. Dec. 16, 1805. 

Ricliard Rixey, June 2o 1808. Elizabeth: Children: John, Richard, 
Samuel, Presley, Charles, Wm., and dau. who in. Chancellor. Sept 19, 1808. 

John Rixey, Sept. 9, 1820. Elizabeth. Ch: Elizabeth, m. Francis Fur- 
g:eson, Jane m. Chas. Jones, Frances, Richard and Kitty; witnessed bj' SaiuM., 
Presley ami Wm. Rixey. and BenJ. Farj?eson. Other ch. Chas., Wm., John, 
Presley and Samuel. Oct. Hi, 1H20. 

Benj. Roberts, J'eb. 14, 1782; children: Benj., Jos., Hannah, iii. Dan'l. 
Field, Mary, m. Dulany, and Anne, m. Field. Mar. 18, 1782 

Wm. Ro])ertsoii, July 24, 1794; ch: Wm. and Elizabeth; speaks of his 
{grandson, Andrew^ Bourn as liviuf^ in his family. Apr. 20, 1801. 

Will. Roebuck, Oct. :50, 1780; Mary children; Rawleigh, Elizabeth, Millie 
and Lucy. Jan. 21, 1781. 

Jerome Rosson, Mar. 2, 1794; children: Wm., Jos.. Jas.. Reuben, Daniel, 
Lucy, m. .las. Kutler, Susannah, m. Jno. Kin-^. and Ann, Sept. 19, 1796. 

Sarah Russel, widow, Apr. 20, 17r»6, si)t-aks of herdauj^hters, Sarah, Eliz- 
abeth and Mary, who respectively married Read, Roberts and Wright. Oct. 

20, 1757. ' 


Jno. Sniiford. April 10, 1801. Bets>-. (Miildren : Alexander, John. 

Fanny Murpliy. Julia Horner, J^t twy and Kitty. July 17, IHD'J. 

Jno. Sanders, Nov. 3, 1818 Ch: Isabella, Mildred, Nathaniel, Mary, m. 
Sims, Wm., Elizabeth, m. Sims, Robt., and James. Lived near Stone House 
Mountain. Jan. 18, 1819. 

Anthony Seott, Jan. 7, 1754, Jane; had ehildren, Thos., Frances, who 
married Abraham Cooper, Elizabeth, who m. Kawley ('orbin, and Ann, who 
m. Hurk. May 17, 1764. 

* John Simpson, July 3, 177C; Elizabeth; children: Wm. Jas., Alexander, 
Jno., Anne, Elizabeth, m. Berry; Mary, m. Burke. Eleanor, m. Booton, and 
Jane. Dec. 16, 1776. 

Richard Sims, April 16, 1809. Mary. Children: Rob^ert-XSTT.^'' Sims, 
Richard Miclin, Edmund, Joseph T., Hem-y, Sally Butler, Avel Collins, Nancy 
Tucker, and Mary Foster Sims. June 19, 1809. 

Robt. Slauf?hter, Nov. 3, 1769; Mary; children were: Robt., Thos., AVm.. 
Jas., Francis, Lawrence, Geo., Susannah, m. Lightfoot. Dec. 21, 1769. 

y Francis Slauf^hter, Sejjt. 3, 1765, had dauj^hters, Frances, whom, a Bali, 
His sons were Francis, Reuben, John and Cadwallader. May, 1766 

^Wm. Smith, July 29, 1811. Children: James, Wm., Winney, who was 
inarried, Leana, Laura, m. Cooper. Sept. 16, 1811. 
/ Wm. K. Spilman, May 15. 1819. Had bros. Jolm and Conway. nephew% 
{ John A. Spilman, and niece, Elizabeth Frances Armstrong. iVIay 19, 1819. 
^^ Walter Stallard, July 13, 1808. Hannah. Children: Eliza, m. Cavender, 
David, Samuel. Walter, Randolj)!!, Peggy, m. Clore. Rachael, m. Luttrell, 
Mary Ann, m. Scott, Fanny, m. Shumate. Apr. 20, 1807. 

Diana Stanton, dau. of Henry Field Sr., Sept. 26, 1794. Children: Wil- 
liam and a daughter, who in. a Slaughter, having son, Stanton Slaughter. 
Dec. 16, 1811. \ ji^ — ^'■ 

Edward Stevens ((icu. Stevens) June 1, 1830. (iilly.^'ilad daughter in 
law, PollyA(wife of John Stevens, who d. before his father). Left Kentucky 
land to James Scanland, Wm. Edmondson, Richard .Chandler. Mr. Bland (who 
m. Naticy Edmundson), P^dward Evans. James Pklmondson, Betsy Emery, (late 
Betsy Edmondson) and Jno. P^lmondson; Had sister Fatty, who m. Edmond- 
s»>n. Aug. 34, 1H30. 

Jas. Stevenson. whom. Frances Arnott. Feb. 34. 1805. ('hililrcM. liol)- 
ert, Sarah, m. Woodville. Jas.. Carter and Andrew, Oct. 16. 18'i9. 

Wm. Steward, Dec. 18, 1803. Elizabeth. Children: Charles. Joseph, 
Humphrey, John. Elizabeth. Lucy, Sarah, m. Smith, and (Trainian (a daught- 
er). Owned lantl in King fieorge county. Speaks of land he bought of Capt. 
Ja,s. Thomas. Philip Slaughter and Robt. Patton. Dec. 17, 1804. 
"~~-^ Fra.n(5is Strother, Apr. 17, 1751, Speaks of his wife Susanna, antl of his 
(dilldren, J(ihn, Oeorge. AutljLi>ny, Fraiices, Robert, Mary, Behethaland, Eliz- 
. abeth and Susanna. He refers to his failure to getfrom Lord Fairfax's office 
;i deed for land which he had purchased and . afterwards sold to J<)hn Minoi-. 
Apr. 16, 1753. 

James Strother, who was dead on the 16tli of l)eceml)er. 1761. left chil- 
dren: French, James, and Mary, who married (reorge (rray. 

ijeo. Strother, June 30. 1767. Mary, leaves 100 acres on Ketnierly's Moun- 
tain to his daughter, Margaret, directs land on liittle Pa.s^ mountain to be sold, 
.foiin and (TPorge were his sr»ns. Aug. 30. 1767. 

Jno. Strother, Mar. 29, 1795; wf. Mary; children: Ann, in, Strother, Su- 
sanna, m. Lawlor, Mary, in. Browning, Lucy. m. Covington, Elizabeth,' m. 
Browning, Mildred, m. Covington, John, Jos., Sarah, ni. Hughes. Apr. 20, 

Robt. Stuart, May 14, 1770; wf. Mary; children: Lucy, m. Pulliam, Nan- 
cy, m, Strother, and Robert. Sept. 21, 1789. 

Edward Stubblefield, Oct. 19, 1750; Elener; Lewis Davis Yancey was his 
brother-in-law; his widow ui. Thos. Brown. Mar. 21, 1750. 


Harry Taliaferro, Jan. 1, 1803: Elizabeth. Children were John, Harry, 
Lindsey, Caty, Judith, Lucy, and Melinda. Sept. 19, 18i»3. 
^ ""Martha Tannahill, Mar. 19. 1821. Ch. Wm., Nancy, Keziah, Geo., Eliza- 
beth, m. Lewis Moore, Maria,nn, m. Baker, and two daus. who in. Wm. Carter 
aj>4 Anson Bearing. Mar. 19, 1821. 

Win. Tapp, June 37, 1780; wf. Christian; children: Vincent, Ann, m. 
Jno. Cunningham, Alice, m. Jno. Graham, Elizabeth, m. Green, Sarah m. Jno. 
Jett, Wm., Lewis, and Mary, m. Yates. Jan. 27, 1791. 

Massey Thomas, who was dead in Aug. 1776, had wife Elizabeth, ch. 
Jno., W^m., Reuben, Massey, Jessee and Susannah. 

Jno. Thomas, Apr. 29, 1782; children: Benj., Jno., Wm., Massey, Marga- 
ret, m. Robert McKey, Sarah m. Wm. Powell, and Ann, m. Jeremiah Rirk, 
Feb. 21, 1785. 

Geo. Thompson, Catherine; July 11, 1755; had children, Elizabeth. Avho 
married Henderson, Winnifred, Geo., Jno., and David. Aug. 16, 1764. 

Constance Major, Nov. 6, 1764, speaks of his grandson, Philip Major, 
who was the son of Samuel, her son, John, and her daughters, Jane, who m. 
Loggins, and Precilla, who m. George Dillard. Apr. 18, 1765. 

Jno. Thorn y)son, Feb. ;?, 1771; chil. were Wm., Jno., Phillip Roots, Ann, m. 
Francis Thornton, and Mildred had sister Ann Neilson. Nov. 16, 1772. 

Bi-yant Thornhill, Dec. 8, 1779; Thomson; children: Jos., John, Reuben, 
Wm., Bryant, and Elizabeth. Apr. 17,1780. 

Geo. A. Thornton, Nov. 30, 1818, a physician of Alexandria, speaks of 
his wife "Frances G. Thornton," of his kinsmen, Aylett Hawes, Geo. Washing- 
ton Thornton, and Stewart G. Thornton. 

Stokley Towles, Jan. 15, 1757, speaks of his children, Joseph, Henry, 
Mary and John; also of having sent to Liverpool for goods by Capt. Gay worth. 
Dec. 15, 1757. 

Jas. Tutt, Jan. 20, 1786; wf. Ann. Children: Benj., Mille, m. Lynch, 
Elizabeth, m. Sanders, Richard, Mary, m. Tutt, Lewis, Gabriel, Hansford, and 
Ann, m. Paul Williams. Sept. 21, 1789. 

Jno. Tutt, May 8, 1812. (Children. Benjamin, Jno., Elizabeth, m. Tal- 
iaferro, Gabriel, Nancy, m. Taliaferro, Philip, Richard Johnston. June 15, 


Ueo. Utz, J -me 28, 1753, had daughters, Margaret. Barbaba, who n\. 
Blakenbaker. His sons were Geo. and Michael; lived on Robinson river. Aug. 
21, 1766. 


Robert B. V'oss, of *',\lo.\ itaiu Prospect, ('uli)ei)er county." July 12, 


1811. Children: Susan F., Benjamin F., Robert S., and Wni. Edward. Oct. 

21, IHll. Samuel Gordon, of Falmouth, executor. 


Thos. Wallace, Jan. 1814. Owned land in Madison county, Keptucky 
and Ohio. Had James, Caroline et als. Had nephew, G. B. Wallace, and 
bro. John Wallace. Sept. 21, 1818. 

Edward Watkins, Jan. 6, 1787; wf. Sarah ; his nieces were Sarah Wat- 
kins Cowne, Elizabeth Tutt, and nephew, James Broaddus. Sept. 17, 1787. 
/\ Thos. Watts, Jan. 25, 1760,F:iiza; speaks of his bro. Wm. Watts, his sons 

Richard and Wm. Watts, and his dau. Elinor Cox. Apr i:?, 17G3. 
yA Joel Watts, July 17, 1781; Isabel; Ch: Lettie m. Brown, Barbara, m. 

Thomas, Joanna, m. Stewart, Frederick. Aug. 20, 1781. 

Peter Weaver, Mar. 27, 17G3, Elizabeth; had daughters, Margret, Barba- 
ry, who m. Carpenter, Catharina and Hannah, Aug. 18, 17t>:5. 

Jas. Whitehead, Sei)t. 28, 1800, Margaret. Children: John, Sarah, m. 
McGuinn, Jas., Nelson, Frances, William and Margaret, m. Daniel Duval. 
Oct. 20, 1806. 

"* Michael Wilhoite, Ang. 10, 1803. Children: Elizabeth, m. Spicer, Ga- 
briel, Jas., Michael, Agnes, m. Coginhill, Frances, m. Lucas, Ann, m. Haw- 
kins, S^ra!!, m. Green. Juiv Ki, 1804. 


Nicholas Yager, Sept. 12, 177i); Susanna; cliildren; Nicholas, Frederick, 
Cornelius, Beggee, Rosanna and Susanna, (twins> Absolam. Benj., Elijah, and 
Jessee. Aug. 20, 1781. 

Lewis Davis Yancey, Apr. 17, 1778; wf. Winifred. Children; Clias., Lew- 
is, Richard, John Philemon, Ann, m. Nalle, Winifred, m. Nalle, Jas. and Rob- 
ert. Apr. 22, 1788. 

Chas. Yancey, Mar. 10, 1805. Elizabeth. Children: Ann, m. Doggett, 
William, Thomas, Keziali, m. Freeman, and Major; had grandson,^ ('has. liee 
Yancey. Apr. 15, 1805. 

Geo. Yates, Mar. 13, 17S8; wf. Mary. Children: Jjaurence Catlett; was 
bro. in law of Kemp Catlett, and a grandson of Geo Yates, of Caroline county. 
June H5, 1788. 

NOTK: See will of Constance Major in tlie Ts, which was put there by mis- 

[Note: The year of marriage only is given. From 1781 to 1825.] 

Jno. Abbot, m. Eliz. Heaton, 1805; Jno. Abel, m. Frances Fennell, 1785; 

Thos. Adams m. Anne Houton, 1797; Thos. Adams m. Anne Houton, 17S)(5; 

Jno. Adams m, Marg. Calvert, 1794; Ephraim Adams m. Mary Moore, 1820; 

Am. Adkins,Frankie Marrifield, 1784; Jno. Adle m. Nancy Yates, 1803; 
Wm. Alexander, Frankie Rucker '82; Jas. Aines m. Winnie McGuinn, '95; 

AVes Allen m. Susannah Gaines, 1800; Jas. Allen m. Mary Hunt, 1792; 

Jas. Allen m. Bettie Chilton, 1709; Jas. Allen in. Sarah Cl'apman, 1788; 

Churchhill Allen m. Peg. Walden '14; Newman Allen m. Peggie White 1812; 

Benj. Allan m. Eliz. Caul 1815; Newman Allen, Mary A.Brown, 1819; 

Presley Allen m. Nancy Walden 1817; Jas. A!1'mi vn. Eliza C. White. 180(5; 

Jno. Almand m. J;ine Bingham, 1814; P. Amvss m. AnneTapp, Feb. 22, 178(5; 

Philip Ami.MH, Anne T;ipp S(^pt. 4 '.sf;. .Tms Vmiss r.i. N.mucv Dennis 1815: 

Auf4". Anderson, Annie L'ndei-wood/SO; 
Josiah Anderson, Eliz. Rieherson, '92; 
Edmund Anderson, Fannie Turner '16 
Elijah Anderson m. Mary Priest 1804; 
Aaron Antram, Charlotte Kins", 1799; 
Jno. Appleby m. Ma ry Lo n^ 1793; 
Turner Ashby, Dorathea Green "30; 
"VVni. Ashby, Wilhimina Strother, '05; 
Jno. Ashei-, Betsey Burbridge 1802; 
Benj. Askins m. Lucy Settle 1802; 
Jno. Athe m. Dorcas Cullen 1785; 
Spencer Atkins, Mildred Brandam '18; 
Mich. Aylor m. Sarah Boup:hhorn '95; 

Jn(». Anderson m. Lucy Sutton, '86; 
Geo. Anderson m. Berkley Clarke, '89; 
Jno. Anderson m. Nancy Little, '00; 
Thos. Antram m. Esther Sharp 1799 ; 
Geo. Apperson ni. Mary S. Yancey '19; 
Ed. Archer m. Susannah Pener 1788; 
Thompson Ashby, AnneL. Menefee'08; 
Wm. Asher m. Eliz. Sharp 17i)7; 
AValler R. Asher, Eliza Shannon 1805; 
Wm. Askins m. Catherine Jones 1793. 
Elias Atkins m. Eliz. Atkens 1816; 
Cornelius Austin m. Eleanor Butler '92 ; 
Lewis Aylor m. Nancy Creel 1810. 


Jno. Bachelderm. Sarah Pup 1799; 

Jas. Baines m. Frances Thompson '91; 

Jacob Baker m. Eliza Lawrence 1819; 

Philip Baker, Kittie Lawrence 1820; 

Solomon Baker,B Flerrin^ton,'21; 

Peter Balden m. Amy Smith, 1815; 

Ezra Ball ui. Anne Dillen, 1799; 
-' Willis Ballance m. Joyce Green, 1796; 

Curtis Ball ard m. Esther Gaines, 1781; 

Wm. Ballenjyer m. Eliz. Hughes 1806; 

Jas. Bahvick, Elizabeth Bryan, 1817; 

Mich. Baruier, Frances Brown, 1795; 

Wm. Barbour m. Eliz. White,, 1796; 

Geo. Bary:e.r m. Hannah Boon, 1789; 

Ephraim Barlow m. A. Carter, 1789; 

Martin Barnes m. Rhode Sitinpson '87; 

Jas. Barnes m. Polly Hill, 1792; 

Benj. Barnes, Eleanor Stapleman, '94; 

Dan. Barnett, Ruthy Ma^jruder, 1795; 

LaAV. Barnett, Cath. Vass or Voss; 

Elias Bartiettm. Mary Brown, 1S19; 

Henry Bas>i' m. Eliz. James, 1786; 

Wm. Bates Sr., Mary Harris, 1781: 

Wm. Batson m. A;^j>ie Lawrence, 1820; 

Mordecai Baughn, Mary Tineman,1801; 

Abner Bau<J^hy,n, Priscilla Hume, 1817; 

Wm. Bayiey m. Catharine Smith 

Henry Hazel m. Lucy Brandon 

Geo. Bean ni. Nancy Petty, 1788; 

Jno. Beckham m. Rebecca Gray. 1813; 

Jno. Beam m. Patsy Partlow, 1815; 
_--Wm. Bennett in. Patty Carder, 1792; 

Jno. Bennett m. Caty Carder. 1800; 
— Jessee Berry m. Anna Miller, 1790; 
•- Wm. Berry, Jemima Weakley, 1798. 
' Anthony Berry m. Peggy Ward, 1797; 

Reuben 3erry, Millie Reusens, 1815 ; 

Chris. Biofev m. CUra Norton. 1804 ; 

Jno. Bailey m. Alice Patton 1802; 
Jacob Baker m. Lydia Trimble 1799; 
Archibald Baker m. Eliz. Massie 1819; 
Philip Baker m. Catherine Baker "21; 
Jos. Balden m. Betsey Dillard '03; 
Jjio. Ball m. Pollie Gibbs, 1792. 
Sam'l Ball m. Anne Thud, 1807; 
Larkin Ballard m. Eliz. Gaines, 1786; 
Johnson Ballard, Bettie Eastham, 1791; 
Jno. Ballesu m. Anne Cooke, 1791: 
Jessee Banley m. Ellen Bosan, 1822, 
Wm. Barbee m. Fannie Curtis, 1808; 
Jno. Barker m. Anne Swindler, 1793; 
Joshua Barler m. Rhode Thomas, 1789; 
Zach. Barner m. G. Roberts, 179T; 
Shadrach Barnes. Fran. Mozingo 1786; 
Wm. Barnes m. Eliz. Marshall, 1790; 
Rich. Barnett Sarah Utterbaek; 1794; 
Wiii. Barnett m. Sarah Matthews,'97; 
Wm. Barron m. Lucy Stwentiman '91: 
Jno. Basye m. Catherine Basye,1793; 
Edmund Basye m. Caty Thomas, 180S; 
Wm. Bates Jr. m. Eliz. Harris, 1781; 
Abraham Baughan, Mary Weaver, '97; 
Moses Baughan m. Sarah Yowell, '12; 
Jno. Bayless m. Fannie Porter, 1809; 
Jno. Baynem. Sarah Hawkins, 1793: 
Geo. Beale . m. Susannah Brooke, 1817. 
Osborn Beatty m. Anne Willis, 1819; 
Jno. Beem m. Nancy Bowen, 1813; 
Wm. Bennett, Sarah Clatterbuck,_1786; 
Geo. Bennett m. Mary HoUoway, '9t»; 
Geo. Bennett m. Peggy Dodson-; — 
Simpson Berry. Jemima Jennett, 1790; 
Wm. Brooks m. Tannie Lloyd. 1792 
Wm. Berry m. 1 ucy Berry, 1807 ; 
Jno. Bigbee- m. Sal lie Wheatley, 1799 ; 
Thos. Bingham m. Nancy Norman.1793; 


Josiali Bishop, Susannah Inskeep, "84; 
Jno. Bisliop ul. Anne Stokes. 17!»H ; 
Churchhill Blakey, Mary Clark, 1781; 

Wni. Black well, Rach. Tompkins; 

Wm. Blakey m. Polly Gaines, 1799 ; 
Jas. Blake in. Sarah Asher, 1808 ; 
Jas.Blankenbaker, Eliz. Carpenter, '90; 
S. Blankenl)aker,Cliarl. Leatherer,'91; 
Thos. Bohannan, Frances Dicken, '89; 
Wm. Bonnifield, Eliz. Wilson, 1792 ; 
Jno. Booton m. Frances Clarke, 1786 ; 
Jos. B. Bottsm. Nancy Fristoe, 1798 ; 
Francis Bowen m. Millie Yates, 1788 ; 
Jas. Bowen m. Anne Foushee, 1814; 
Peter B. Bowen, Sarah FishbUck, 181'); 
Wm. Bowen m. Polly Partlow, 1815; 
Oreo. Bowlin m. Eliz. Priest, 1810; 
Wm. Rarford m. Nancy Fry, 1806; 
Auj?. Bradley m. Frankie Hurt, 1788 ; 
Abso. Bradley, Rebec. Ranibottoin,'34; 
Ben. Brag?:, Polly Twentiman, 17S5; 
Ezek.Brau:f?,ni. Nancy Estes 1802; 
Thos. Bra^g, m. Eliz. Jones 1816 ; 
AVni. Branhani m. Eliz. Yates, 1784; 
Jas. Branham, Marg. Lindsey, 1806; 
Rich. Branham, Marg. Threlkeid, !i8; 
Dan. Brannan, Eliz. Canady, 1806; 
Jas. Brany, Charity Humphrey, 1808; 
Ananias Breedwell m.Celey Daniel, '93; 
Jas. Briant m. Susannah JoUett, 1782 ; 
Jno. Britton m. Polly Bragg, 1815 ; 
Wm. Brooke ni. Fannie Loyd, 1792; 
Gartii'ld Brown m. Nancy Tiong, 1784 ; 
Jas. BroAvn ni. Eliz. Gore, 1788; 
AVm. Brown m. Lucy (yampbell, 1786; 
Thos. Brown, Eleanor Weathei-al, 1796 ; 
Jno. Brown, m. Polly Norman, 1795 ; 
Jas. Browu , Sukey Zimmerman, 1791; 

Wm. Brown m. Mary C , 1797; 

Braxton Brown m. Lucy Carder, 1804 ; 
])an. Brown, Penelope Collins, 1809 ; 
Jno. F. Brown, Susannah Dulaney,'03; 
Jas. Brown, Casseiidia Menefee, 1808; 
Jno. Brown Jr., Lucy Hughes, '12; 
Wm. Brown m Tab. R. Menefee, 1814; 
Thos. C. Brown, Frances Griilin, 1814 ; 
Dviiel Brown m. Lucy Powell, 1818; 
Presley Brown, Anne M. Popham,'21; 
Robertson Brown, Sarah Bishop, 1817 ; 
Rich. Brown^m. Frances M. Hill, 1822; 
Thos. Browning, Eliz. Bywaten, 1793; 
Jas. Browning, JaneWiiitled'./..', 1789; 
Jno. Browning m. Fran. Pen*J'eton,'98 

Thos. Bishop m. Eliz. Morris, 1794 ; 
Jonathan Bishop, Nancy Kobler, 1805 ; 
Jos.Blackwell m. Frances Hopper,1798; 
Jas. Blair m. Eleanor, 1784 ; 
Wm. Blair m. Polly McQueen, 1810 ; 
Jno. Blako m. Liu^v Atkins, 1809 ; 
Jac. BlankenV)aker m. Han. \Veaver,'91 
Jas. Bledsoe m Judith Ward, '85; 
Joal Boiling m. Anne Gaines, 1792; 
Jno. Booker m. Kitty Taliaferro, 1804. 
Wm. Botts m. Anne Gaines, 1791; 
Henry Baughan m. Eliz. Walle, 1793; 
Jos. Bowen m. Nannie Gibson, 1797 ; 
Jas. Bowen m. AmeliaPoUard, 1815; 
Jos. Bowen m. Sarah Nalle, 1316 ; 
Jessee Bowlin m. Nancy Kelly, 1788 ; 
Honry Bowyer. Rebecca Bennett, 1810; 
Sam. K. Bradford, Emily Slaughtei-,'16 ; 
Aug. Bradley m. Polly Lillard, 1805;-4 
Jno. Bradley, m. Rosamond ''.'^tts '99; 
Gabe Bragj^, m. Polly Estes iH'i): 
Evans Bragg,m. Polly Hud-iju 1809; "^ 
Jno. Branhani m. Sallie Pjosw'>!I,1789; 
Jas. Branhani m.Bettie Doggett, 17^4 ; 
Nimrod Branhani, I'eggy .Vfarshalli'97; 
Reub. Branham m. Becca Farley, '98; 
Vinson Branson m. Anna Dodso!i,lS07 ; 
Wm. BreeJline m. Marg. Wright, 02 ; 
Cuthbert Breedwell m. Mary Hilroii.'96; 
Jas. Bright m.Dina'' Johnston, 1797 ; 
Thos. Broadus, Susannah White, 1792; 
Armistead Brown, Peggy Collins, 1792 ; 
Ezekiel Bi'own m. Sarah Loiig, 1786; 
Dan. Brown m. Peggy Covington, 1794 ; 
Jno. Brown m. Phoebo Brown, 1787 ; 
Chas. Brown m. Nanny Hall, 1794; 
Henry P. j3vown m. Hannah Butler,'98; 
Nich. Brown m. Nancj Cardwell, 1799; 
Evans Brown, Mary Annn Williams,1802 
Jas. Brown m. Sallie Jettj 1803; 
Wm. Brown m. Mary Grifft'n, 1807 ; 
Jas. Brown m. Mary Smith, 1804; 
Jno. Brown m. Cacy Raniey, 1804; 
Jno. Pow. Browii, [sabt^l. Thompson, '11; 
Enoch lirown m. Sallie Yate.^, 1800; 
Norm m Brown m. (iracy Ree«er '19: 
Jas. Brown in. Kitty Morris. -^' i 
Robertson Brown m Nancy liis'ivijy. 
Wm. Brown m. Sarah Ficklui, 1816;' 
Thos. Browning m. Eliz. SeAvrjjifht, 17.;3; 
Caleb Browning m Anne Moor — r; 
Shadrach Browning m. Peg.,"94... 
Wm. Browningm l,v M'><"'1.m:! a!ian'92. 

Wm. Browning lu. Nancy Stone, '9:5; 

Frances Brownino:, Polly Farmer, 'Oo; 

Mich. Browning, Lucy Browning '60; 

Ayillis Browning,Caroline Menefee,'17; 

Jno. Brumley, Martha Hopper,, 1793; 

Jyuashus Bruce, Sarah Johnston, '99: 
i/Thos. Bryan m. Mary Stanton, 1788; 
, Jno. Bryan m. Nancy Lillard, 1807; » 

Jno. Henry Buck. Lucy Colvin, 1794; 

Bniley Bucknerm. ]V[ilil. Strother, '14; 

Jno. Burdyne ni. Jemima Clarke. 1788; 

Joshua Birkland, Frances Harden '90; 

Wm. Burke m. Nancv Weaver, 1803; 

Thos. Burrows m. Polly Meade. 1803; 

Towson Butler m.Cath.Blackwell 

Aaron Butler m. Sarah Simms, 1801; 

Jno. Butler m. jVancy Butler, 180"); 

Wm. Butler m. Bertha Little, ISOo; 

('lias. Butler, Susannah Neale. 1809; 

AVm. Butler m. Eliz. (xreen, 1790; 

Thos. N. Butt, Caty G. Broadus, 1800; 

Jas. Buttfn-field. Polly Ballinger, 179:1; 

Taliaferro Browning, Mary id '92; 
Francis Browning m. Polly Yates, "02; 
Geo. Browning Millian Covington, "09; 
Jas. Broyles m. Anne Wilhoite, "21;,^, 
Benj. Bruce m. MaryCrisaT, 17^9; 
Elijah Bruce m. Malinda Browning, '10: 
Jas. Bryan m. Lottie Kennard, 1804; 
Reub. Burley, Jeannetta Delaney. '99. 
Jno. Buchaunon m. Sarah Jones, 1797; 
Chas. Bullard, Martha AV. H erndon '13; 
Alex. Burgess m Agnes Reece, 181.1. 
Edmund Burke m. Fran. Weaver, '97; 
Jno. Burke m. Betsy Berry, 1805; 
Harris Burriss m. Nancy Hudson, 1812; 
Benj. Butler m. Mary Edwards, 1790; 
Armistead Butler, Mary Wheatley, '01; 
Taliaferro Eutler,Janny Grimsley, '04; 
Elijah Butler m. Catharine Watts, 1798; 

Taliaferi'o Butler m. Polly Miller, ; 

Jno. Butt m. Eliz. Norris, 1800; 
Sam'l. Butt m. Nancy Oder. 1808; 
Martin Button m. Cath. Matthews "I?; 

Jno. Calvert m. Anne Askins, 1804; 
Jessee Calvert m. Sericy Rea 1810; 
Hani. Cameron m. Sallie Oliver, 1811; 
Jno. Canmerm. Esther Olive, 180."); 
Marshall Camp, Lucy AVilkerson, '05 ; 
Willis Camp m. Nancy Colvin, 1798-r — 
i\rorgaii Campbell, Mary Huffman, '07; 
Elias Campbell m.Chloe Swindlei-,1796; 
Pat. Campbell m. Lydia Hill, 1789 ; ' 
Silas Campbell m. Nancy Turner, 1791; 
Elijah Campbell m. Eliz. Cannon, 1799; 
Jno. Camper,Susannah Huffman, 1792 ; 
Sam. Compton m. Eliz. Harper, 1700 ; 
licroy Canady m. Sarah I'jeavel. 1782 ; 
Jas.' Cannon m. Sarah Scott, 1812 ; 
An d"w Carpenter ni. Eliz. Konslar,"92; 
.Toshua Carpenter m. Sarah Smith, '90; 
Benj. Carpenter m. Susanna Burkes,'00; 
Archibald Carnal m. Eliz. Oder, 1^10; 
Jno. G. Carson m. Lucy Hall, 1802; 
Geo. Carder m. Anne Hume, 1800; 
Wm. Carter m. Mary Chester, 1789: 
( "has. (]Jarter m. Su.sanhah Tapp, 1797; 
Geo. Carder ni. Lilly Brown, 1799; 
Thos. Carter m. Marg. Green, 1803; 
AVm. Carder, Keziah Tannihill, 1812; 
Landon Carter m. PolP/ Lillard, 181 >; 
Jno. Cason m. Judith Roebuck, 1788:, 
Reuben Cave m. Anne .T'-nkin;., 17'^2: 

Ralls Calvert m. Polly S"trother, 1709; 
Geo. Calvert m. Nancy Norman, 1809; 
Owen Campbell m. Jemima Lear, 1787; 
Antrara Camp m. Nancy Pierce, 1803; 
Ambrose Camp m. Eliz. Conner, '95; 
■Geo. H. Camp m. Handy Bohen, 1816; 
Jno. Campbell m. Frances Green, '98; 
Jos. Campbell m. Su. Shackelford. '93: 
Robt. Campbell. Lucy Campbell, 1794. 
Wm. Campbell m. Anne Howard, 1800; 
Reub. Campbell m. Mary Cannon, 1801; 
Joel Camper m. Anna Coons, 1792; 
Ed. Compton m. Rebecca Murphy, '09; 
Jno. Carnegie m. Fi-ances Jones, 1802; 
Jno. Cannon, Jr., Judith Monroe, 1813; 
Sam. Carpenter, Peg. Blankenbaker,"93 
And"w Carpenter m. Anna Wayland," 91 ; 
Dav. Carraichaelm. Nan. Andei-son, '93; 
Garland Carr m. Mary Philijis, 1783: 
Burkett Carder lu. Nancy Hawkins:"05 
AVm. Carder ni. Lythia Yowell. 1807; 
Wm. Carter m. Siisannah George. 1 795; 
Benj. Carder m. Polly Carder. 1790; 
Fred. Carter m. Nancy Jenkins. 1797; • 
Randolph Carder,Fannie Pierce, 1812; 
Wm. Carder Jr. m. Eliz. Holland, "15; 
Abner Carter m. Martha Moore, 1810; 
Hemp Catlett m. Sallie Pierce, 1791; 
.Jos. Cave m. jVfarv Jenkin«. 1791: 


Will. Cave m.SusaniKili Finrliaiii, 1801; Jno. (Jaynor lu. l^ucy (Jaynor, 1834; 

'Edw. Cason in. Sallie Muse Cave, '89; 
Jno. Chapman ni. Eliz. Menefee, '97; 
Henry Chapman m. Eliz. Morris, 1800; 
Elijah Cheek ni. Millie Horton, 180G; 
Francis Cheek ni. Nancy Gaines. 1801 ; 
Luke Clieek m. Hallie Crouch, 1828 ; 
Jno. Chewning- m Tabi. Reed, 1792 ; 
Stephen Chilton, Frances Norm in, '90 ; 
Geo. Chilton m. Sallie Asher, 1809: 
Jno. Christian in. Anne Powell, 1803; 
Jere Chrisel m. Mary Bruce, 1791 ; 
Abra. Christler, Mary Harvey, '92; 
Wni. Clark m. Lucretia Clark, 1791 ; 
Robt. Clark m. Joannah Jones, 1791 ; 
Wm. Clark m. Judy Jenkins, 181;^; 
Jas. Clatterbnck m. Eliz. Hurt, 178G: 

Erasmus Chapman m. Nancy Lewis, '85; 
Cad vvallader Chapman, Pol. Morris,98; 
Zach. Chappalior m. Sinney Settle, '99; 
Geo. Cheek m. Elizal)eth Williams, '93; 
Jas. Cheek m. Nancy Horton, 1809 ; 
Elias Chelf m. Eliz. Weaver, 1787: 
Geo. Chilton, Eleanor Zimmerman, '07 ; 
Rich. Chiltaa m.S:i,rah Short, '98; 
AVm. Chishara, Delphia Raines^ 1791 ; 
Robt. Chewning ui. Mildred Walker,'90; 
Julian Christler m. Eliz. Souther, 1792 ; 
Jno. Clark m. Millie Gi!>b3, 1783 ; 
Josiah Clark m. Jane Adams, 17i)8: 
Thos. Clark m.Towsey Powell, 1801; 
Landon (Uatterbuck, Nelly Rose, 1809; 
Wm. Clatterbuck, Dicey Turner, 1792: 

Gab. Clatterbuck, Nan. Richardson, '99; Thos.Clayton m. Sar.Cunninjjham, '07 

Geo. Clayton in. Eliz. Gaines, 1798 : 
- Jas. Colvin m. Polly Hill, 1806; 

Philip Clinem. Polly Turner, 1789; 

Henj. Clore, Anne Chi'istopher. 1790; 

Fred. Cobler, Anne Threlkeld, 1792; 

Henry Cocke m. Susannah Mills, 1790; 

Mat. Cardwell m. Betty Hisle, 1803; 

Josiah Colbert, Susannah Spilier, 1797; 

Cecllius Colbert, Nancy Colbert, 1797; 

Parish Coleman m. Eliz. Camp, 1798; 

Wm. Collins m. Arie Simms, 1807; 

Andrew Collins m. Eliz. Freeman. 179."): 

Jno. Colsolsoror m. Anna Blair, 1812. 
— — Benj. Colvin m. Nancy Coleman, 1793; 
^Jno. Colvin m. Eliz. Colvin, 1789; 
— -4{obt. CJolvin m. Hattie Yeajiei", 181."); 

Wm. Compton m. Hannah Hay, 1812. 

Mat. Comi)ton m. Nancy Vausi^han, "06 

Walker Compton. Eliz. Adams, 1798. 

Jno. Connei', Nancy Hi^ginton 179G. 

Fran. li. Cqnner, Mary L. Withers, '22. 

Thornton P. Cooke m. Anne Ward, '04 

Lewis Cooke m. Mary Ya<i:er 1793. 

Jno. Cooke m. Martha Powell, 1790. 

Alf. (Jooke m. Susannah (Sorbin, lf^l5. 

Jno. Coons m. Anne (Joons, 1792. 

Jessee ('oons m. Lucy Withers 

Rob. Cooper m. Nancy Triplett, 1809. 

Benj. Corbin m. Anne Corbin, 178f5. 

Chas. CorVjin, Naney Joncs, 179S. 

Mich. Corbin, Nancy By waters, 1811. 

Seneson Corbin, Mary.N. Mason, '12. 

Nelson CJorbin m. Sallie Garnett, 1819. 

Elias Corder m. Anne Ta|)p, 1791 

Win. Cornelius. B-tsey Piunkett, 1788. 

Aaron Clements, Lucy Shackelford, '99; 
Philip Calender, Malinda Yancey, '05; 
Sam'l. Clore,Frances Christopher, 1792; 
Aaron Clore m. Susan Swindle, 17,90; 
Wm. Cochran m. Charity Spencer, 1791 ; 
Thos. Cocke m. Nancy Hume, 1818; 
Jno. Co^rhill m. EleanoPButts, 179"); 
Jno. Colbert m. Sarah Adams, 1799; 

Wm. Colvert m. Harriett Weeden, ; 

Jere. Colen m. Mary Shepherd, 1798; 
Jno. Collins, Charlotte Wortham 1793: 
Andrew Collins m. Polly Morris, 1813; 
Jere. Colvin m. Sallie Smith, 1808; 
Mason Colviii m. Eliz. Hawkins, 1788; 
Gab. Colvin m. l>olly Roberts. 1801; 
Dan. Compton rn. Betsey Yates. 1800; 
Stephen Compton, Eleanor Duker, "02. 
, Howard Compton ni. EUz. Yates, 1800. 
Uriel (.Conner m. Nancy Nalle 1798. 
Lewis Conner ni. Marj^r. Farrow 1816. 
Wm. Coons lii. Eliz. Freeman, 1803. 
, Thos. Cookejm. Mars:. Debourd, 17S2. 
Geo. Cooke ii. Eliz. Stipe, 1794."' 
Philip Cook| m. Sallie Doi^gett, 1799. 
Fred. Coons, Marj' Ann Matthews, '81 
Jas. (*oons m. Anne Atwood, 1781. 
Wm. Cooper m. Launi Smith, 1808. 
Jos. Corbin m. Hannah Menefee 1799. 
Martin Corljin m. Nancy Scott, 1787. 
Fieldiii'j: Corbin, SusaauAh Collins.'oO. 
Thos. Corbin m. Eliz. Johnston, 1811. 
Geo. Corbin m. Sallie Monroe, 1814. 
Jas. Corder m. Sallie George. 1792. 
Thoi. C;)wn m. Lucn- Gaines, 18l)J. 
Q.-o. (J')rnelins m. .lulitlx Mason, i 797. 

Chris. Courtney, Mary A. Johnnton, '94. 
Jno. Covington m Eliz. Griffin, 1819. 
Isaac Cowfjill mEliz. Stokesberry, 1797. 
Thos. Cowg'ill ni. Sarali Antraui 1800. 
David J. Cox ui Anne Calvert. 1799. 

David Crane m Rebecca Younj? 

Geo. Craver in Jane Calvert, 18U4. 
Oliver Crawford ni Lucy Alexander, '80, 
Jno. Creal ni Fannie Kilby, 1811. 
J as. Crif?ler m. Sallie Triplett, 1810. 

Jno, Criffler m. Sallie Hume, 1783. 

Kufley Crigler ra. Leftnah Sudduth, '09. 

Jas. Crisdenberry, Eliz. Threlkeld, '99. Robt. Crook m. Nancy Caiui)bell, 180(5. 

"VVm. Crouch ni Mary Crawford, 1793. Coleman Crutcher, Eh'z. Pierca, 1798. 

Jno. Cunninicham, Janney-Haddox '91. Tlios. B. Cer m Dinah Wood, 1815. 

Elijah Curtis m Hepsa>)a Guinn, 180(3. 

Chas. Cornelius, Eliz. Jennings, 1794. 
Jas. Courtney m Amy Johnston, '93. 
Wm. Covington, Lucy Slaughter, 1816. 
Jno. Cowgill m. Polly Huans, 1801. 
Aug. Cowne m Frances Yancey, 1789. 
Benj. Craig in Betsey (ireen, 1808. 
Henry Crank, Maryan Haywood, '94. 
Jos. Crawford in Mag. Utterback, '06. 
Aaron Crawford, Ruth Threlkeld, '89. 
Wm. Crigler m Kitty Brown, 1803. 
Chris. Crigler, Frances Botts, 1793. 
Jas. Crigler, Susan W. Gaines, 1813. 

Thos. Daniel m Marg. Rosson, 1793. 
Wm. Danielj Anne G. Calvert, 1821. 
Jno. Davis m Polly Threlkeld, 1807. 
Jno. Daviss m Frances Ham— — 1787. 
Benj. Dawnes m Eliz. Slaughter, 1804. 
Jno. Dawson in Lucy Cosney, 1799. 
Chas. Day m. Susan Threlkeld 1801. 
Peter Deale m. Mary Viscarver, 1800. 
Wm. R. Dealing m. Eliz. Keith, 1819. 
AVm. Deatherage, Mary Maddox, 1789 
Wm. Deatherage, Mary Covington, '17. 
Jno. Dulany in Anne Walle, 1794. 
Leroy Dulaney m Anne Routt 1793. 
Lev}- Derry, Hannah Raml)ottom, "1.5. Chris 
Edw. Dickenson, Eliz. Landrum, '02, Thos 
Jas. Dillard, Jane Edrington, 1800. 
Thos. Dobbs m Sarah Johnston, 1785. 
Jas. Dodson, Marg. Woodard, 1803. 
Stephen Dodson, Cath, Chilton, '93. 
Wm. Dodson, Judith Chilton, 1801. 
Jas. Doggett, Anne Brown, 1788. 
Thos. B. Doggett m Sallie Ward, '95. 
Thos. Doggett, Sarah Harden, 1803. 
Nehemiah Dowd m Eliz. Goodman, '83 
Rich. Duke in. Eliz. M. Doyle, 1799. 

Elijah Daniel, Nancy Cunningham, '97. 
Jno. Davenport, Eliz. Pierce, 1785, 
(Jhas. Davis m. Hannah Gtrtnes, 1733. 
Jno. Davis m. Anne Smith, 1815. 
Thos. Dawson m Eliz. Foushee, 17._9. 
Thos, Day m Ellis Duval, lim. 
Horatio Day m Rebecca Pettinger 1813, 
Jno. Deale m. Sallie Ordor, 1803. 
Anson Dearing m Anne Tannahill, 1817. 
Geo. Deathei-age, Cath. Waters, 1816. 
Wm. Debbs, Anne Marshall, 1818. 
Abijah Dulany m Nancy Burke, 1793. 
Jno. Denton m Eliz. Hendrick, lfc09. . 

Dickens m Mary Pullam, 1791. 

C. Dickenson m Pjliz. Amiss, '8.'). 
Asa Dillen m Lydia Bigbee, 1805. 
Thos. Dobbs m Nancy Clatlerlnick.'H. 
Joel Dodson, Polly Fincham, lb05. 
David Dodson m Lucy Hisle, 1791. 
Henry Dogan m Eliz. Hilton 1814. 
Rich. J. Doggett. xMariah Ward, 1807. 
Wm. Doggett m Mildrtkl Brown, 1819. 
l^uarles Dorsett in Lavinia Sisk, 1809. 
Fran. P. Drake, Mar'h A. Washington, '24 
Gab. Dulaney m Patsy Leathers, 1805. 

Elias Dulaney m Fannie Mc(^ueen,'03. (Tabriel Dulaney, Polly Leathers, 1805, 
Is.aac DunnaAvay, Milly Kinnard, 1794. Wm. DuiJnaway, Jane Hopkins, 1814, 
Uriel Dunuaway, Eliz. Hainmows, "23. Geo. Duncan, Hannah Brown, 181). 
Gallop Duncan, Lucy Covnngton, 1805. Nimrod Duncan, Lucy Browning, 1737. 
Jas. Duncan, Dorcas Butler, 1797. Benj. Duncan, Eliz. Browning, l';93. 

Fred. Duncan, Sarah Stallard, '97. Wm. Duncan, Lucy Bywaters, 1789. 

Edmund Duncan, Harriet Dulaney "13. Wm. C. Duncan. Cath. Hughes, 1823, 
Benj. Duval, Lucv Jennings 1793. David Dvke, Polly Thaver, 1808. 


Reub. Earthen, in. Eliz. Johnston, "90. Pliilip Eastham, Polly Farrow, 1810. 

Benj. Endings, Fannie Etherton, 1808. 
Jno. EddinH, Millie Dulaney, 1789. 
Wm. Edfrar, Martlia Li^ditfoot, 1785. 
Owen Ellis, Mar«'. McKelhin, 1803. 
Thos. Ellis, Amelia Jenkins, 1810. 
Win. Enibry, Hainiah Patton, 1808. 
Jos. Enn-y, Isabel Butler, 1802. 
Peter Estes, Sallie Yates, 1792. 
Absolani Pastes, (iilly Sininis, 181G. 
Jos. Etherton, Eliz. T. Simnis, 1811. 
Jno. Etherinjurton, Frances Yancey, '99, 
Wni. fclvans, Betsey Wood, 178G. 
Frosty English, Nancy Razor, 1820. 

(Jhurehhill P^ddins, Marg. Harvey, '91. 
Philip Edwards, Easter Corbin, 1789. 
Peyton R. Eldridge, Polly Guinn, 1800- 
Aug. Ellis, Mildred Slaughter, 1804. 
Hiraia Ellis, Polly Chappaliar,. 1816. 
Chas. Emory, Winney Peyton, 1799. 
Jno. Estes, Susannah Butler, 1807. 

Sam. Estes, Mary Peyton ^ 

Reub. Etherton, Eleanor McDonald, '04. 
Jas. Ethrington, Martha Blackburn, '04. 
Jas. Ethrington, Hannah Dulaney, '00- 
Jno. P^vans, GiUy C. Strother, 1800. 
Abraham Early, Phoebe Peyton, 1832. 

Thos. Falconer, Sallie Winston, 1795. 
Dan. Farmer, Eliz. Dulaney, 1814. 
Jno. Fayer, Roda Gaines, 1808. 
Wm. Fincham, Polly Kebbon. 1815. 
Jno Ferguson, Anne Green, 1795. 
Mason Fewell, Sarah Fiddle, 180(). 
Benj. Fewell, Nancy Walle, 1789. 
Benj. Ficklin, Susannah Foushee, '87. 
AVm. Fincham, Bettie McAllister, '04. 
Jno. Fincham, Millie Sinims, 1818. 
Elijah Finks, Eliz. Foster, IHOO. 
Chas. Finnell, I^ucy Finnell, 178(i. 
Jacob Fishback, Hannah Huffman, '88. 
Geo. Fisher, Dolly Alsop. 1804. - 
Jno. Flemming, Mary Walle, 1799. 
, Rawleigh Fletcher, Polly Estes, 1801. 
Jas. Fletcher. Edy By waters, 1798. 
Jno. Fletcher, \\)\]y Jeffries, 1819. 
Thos. Flint, Moliie Ballard, 1788. 
Ben. Ford, Eliz. F. Leavel, 1808. 
Joshua Ford, Nancy Terrell, 1791. 
Wm. P. Ford, Gilly Marshall, 1822. 
Rich. C. Foushee, Nancy Martin, 1817. 
Jno. Foushee, Sallie Crutcher,1788. 
Edwin Fox, Betsey Higgason, 1814. 
Wm. Franklin, Agnes Oder, 1821. 
Fred. Frazier, Marg. Whale, 1821. 
Jno. Freeman, Lydia Edge, 1792. 
Jno. H. Freemen, Sarah (irirnian, '21. 
Ephraim Fry, Mary Huflman, 178(5. 
Enoch Fiirr, Susannah Waters, 1818. 
Thos. Furniss, Francis Dulaney, 1785. 

Lawrence (ifaar, Rosaiuiahl?royles, '90. 
Thos. Gaines, Nancy Fryer, 1S05. 
Geo. Gaines, Susainiah Graves, 1788. 
Rich. Gaines, Frances Jolly, 1789. 
Jno. Gaines, l*eggy Wise, 17i)2. 

Jno. Farmer, Jemima Grant, 1781. 
Wm. Farrow, Lydia Wiley, 1800. 
Jno. Feed low, Marg. Oder, 1808. 
Benj. Fincham, Susannah Sujith, 1809. 
Jno. Ferguson, Eliz. Burton, 1811. 
Benj. Fewell, Amy Coghill, 1798. 
Jas. Fewell, Lucy Zinniierman, 1801. 
Ben. Ficklin, Eleanor Slaughter, 1810. 
Wm. Finchan), Eliz. Clatterbuck, 1796. 
Fielding Finks, Frances B. Triplett,'17. 
Abner Finnell, Nancy Dowling, 1793. 
Morgan Finnell, Eliz. Sisson, 1791. 
Jno. Fishback, Eliz. Norman, 1818. 
Wm. Fisher, Polly Hand, 1808. 
Zach. Fleshman, Phoebe Leather, 1791. 
Vinson Fletcher, Sallie Barnes, 180S. 
Stephen Flet(;her, Mary Barnes, 1793. 
Jno. Flint, Sallie Porter, 1788. 
Wm. Flint, Eliz. Ballard, 1788. 
Reub. Ford, Eliz. Belly, 1S06. 
Jno. Ford, Rosey Norman, 1788. 
Robt. Foster, Eliz. Fniks, 1805. 
Geo. Foushee, Susan Foushee, 1819. 
AVm. Fox, Caty Woodard, 1809. 
Jonathan Franklin, Milly Tinsley, '88. 
Henry Frazier, Nancy Bredlove, 17!)5. 
Wm. Freeman, Nancy Hughes, 1806. 
Garnett Freeman, Nancy Foster, 1813. 
Archibald Freeman, Marg. AVelch, 1819. 
Thos. AV. Fry, Eliz. Slaughter 1795. 
Sam. Furnis, Sarah Roberts, 1782. 
David Fulks, Eliz. Huffman, 1788. 


Abraham Gaar. Dinah Weaver, 1791. 
David Gaines, Peggy Mitchell, 1790. 
Humi)hrey Gaines, Eliz. Warren, 1789. 
Edw. W. Gaines, Nancy Yowell. 1796. 
Reub. Gaines, Emiua Lewis 1818. 

Jno. P. Gaines, Frances Mason, 1831. 
Lunsford Gant, Sarah Ratcliffe, 1785. 
Edmund Garner, Susannah Turner, '07. 
Jno. Garriott, Eliz. Kinnard, 1791, 
Jos. Garriott, Caty Hudson, 1802. 
Henry Gateshill, Anne Lightfoot, '84. 
Geo. Garnett, Sarah Butler, 1791. 
Jas. Garnett, Polly Jones, 1795. 
Jas. Garnett, Nancy Clarke, 1791. 
Samuel Garnett, Sal lie Fucks, 1799. 
Jas. Garnett, Eliz. Garnett, 1816. 
Robt. George, Duncan Tussey, 1801. 
Zach. Gibbs, Lucy Clarke, 1789. 
Jno. Gibson, Eliz. Norman, 1801. - 
Sam. Giddings, Sarah Mason, 1787. 
Lawrence Gin, Sarah Leavel, 1785. 
Jas. Ginn, Eliz. Butt, 1789. 
\Vm. Goss, Mary Simms, 1799. 
Ben. Gosney, Sarah Applebee, 1789. 
Wm. Gore, Mary Simms, 1799. 
Wm. Gordon, EHz. Smede, 1810. 
Jas. A. Gordon, Anne G. Gaines, 1814. 
Dan. Good, Eliz. Lipp, 1791. 
Thos. Godfrey, Polly Settle, 1798. 
Geo. Glore, Eliz. Mauck, 178j. 
Rob. Godney, Eliz, Wills, 1819, 
Jas. Glasscock, Susannah Kilby, '24. 
Wm. Gray, Jennie Manuel, 1828. 
Leonard Graves, Rebecca Bingham, '94, 
Jno. Graves, Eliz. Eddins, 1788. 
Thos. Graves, Mary Mason. 1795. 
Jno. T. Green, Lavinia Jett, 1812. 
Thos. Green, Mary Hawkins . 

Jno. Gallahue, Anne Rowe, 1793. 
Jos. Garring, Patsy Sihith 1823. 
Jas. GaiTiott, Susannah Campbell, '92. 
Jas. Garrett, Lydia Haynes, 1800. 
Levy Garwood, Sarah Inskeep, 1795. 
Chas. D. Gaunt, Rachael Lillard, 1824. 
Edmund Garnett, Sarah Graves, 1787. 
Rob. Garnett, Eleanor Cochran. 1790. 
Elijah Garnett, Nancy Branham. 1799. 
Larkin Garnett, Eliz. Garnett, 1812. 
Jas. Garnett, Anne Hilton, 1823. 
Burnett George, Sarah Starke, 181G. 
Thos. Gibson, Nancy Feaganee, 1807. 
Minor W.Gibson, Eliza Shackelford,'19. 
Law'ce Gillock, Betsey Twenteman,'88. 
Thos. Ginn, Eliz. Brady, 1786. 
Thos. Ginn, Mary Throlkeld, 1789. 
Geo. Grady, Fannie Bredlove, 1795. 
Rich. Gosney, Fannie Rowe, 1800. 
Joshua Gore, Eliz. Rountree, 1816. ^ _ 
Mungo M. Gordon, Mildred Marye, 1809. 
Alex. Gordon, Jr., Eleanor C. Ball, '15. 
Rich. Goodall, Eliz. Merry, 1785. 
Enoch Golden, Lucy Googe, 1807. 
Rich. Glovier, Milly Shackelford, 1795. 
Eli Glasscock, Susan. Bumgardner, '98. 
Jos. Gray, Lydia Stout,, 1796. 
Hezekia Gray, Anne Dyke, 1811. 
, Philip Graves, Eliz. Jones, 1785. 
Dan. Graves, Eleanor Grady, 1792. 
Jos. Graves, Nellie Branham, 1800. 
Rich. Gre^n, Eliz. Hanye. 1811. 
Francis Gaines, Lucy Hughes, 1S05. ^ 


Walter Hackley, Chloe Clarke, 1799. 
Fred. Hagert, Mary Davis, 1791. 
Jno. Haleys, Rachael Fleshman, 1787. 
Jere. Hall, Judy Allan, 1792. 
Henry Halley, Eliz. Reed, 1816 
R.Ham,E.Pemberton or Pendleton, '90. 
Nimrod Hambrick, Mariah Adams, '16, 
Thos. Fland, Anne Eastham, 1818. 
Martin Harden, Jane Aynes, 1792. 
Jas. Hardy, Pattie Ballance, 1784. 
Rob. Harden, Eliz. Oder, 1808. 
Jno. Horford, Pattie Fennell, 1792. 
Jos. Karper, Eli>.a Anne Green way, '11 
Jessee Harris, Mollie Clatterbuck, '87. 
Geo. Harrison, Nancy Duff, 1784. 
Elijah Harvey, ^, iry Jarrell, 1785. 
Achilles Hawkins, Leaty Yo^vell. 1807. 
Wm. Hawkins, Dolly Gaines, 1786. 

Wal. Hackley, Winnif. Chancellor, "17. 

Carlysle. Hanes, Dorcas Williams, 1798. 

Thos. Hall, Amy Nalle, 1803. 

Jas. Hall, Jane Willey, 1813. 
Stephen Ham, Rhoda Coffer, 1782. 
Jno. Hambrick, Eliz. Spencer, 1810. '^ 

Wm. Hamilton, Sarah Hume, 1805. _ 
Moses Harbinson, Anne Barler, 1789. 
Wm. Harden, Kliz. Doggett, 1822. 
Jacob Hardman, Nancy Collins, 1788. 
Jno. Harmond, Mary Haney, 1S08. 
Wm. Harper, Anna Suliman, 1793. 
. Geo. Harrold, Nancy Horsley, 178G, 
Jas. Harris, Mary Brady, 1788. 
Obed Harrison, Frances Lewis, 1793. 

Elijah Harkins, Polly Kelly, 1805. 

Wm. Hawkins, Anne B. Smith, 1785. 
Jno. Hawkins, Nancy Jones, 1787. 


Jno. Hawkins, Mahala Randolph, '95. Jas. Hawkins, Sarah Jones, 1797. 

Math. Hawkins,NancyWilhoite, Thos. R. Hawkins, Matilda Pinkard,'2 3- 

Jas. J. Haydon, Cath. Branham, 1783. 'Ezekiel Hanes, Anne Hopkins, 1801. 
Geo. Hanes, Anne S. Smith, 1794. Jasper Hanes, Eliz. Roberts, 1790. 

Jas. Hanes, Sarah Jackson, 1786. Geo. Hanes, Eliz. Smith, 1793. 

Anthony Haynie, Sarah Williams, 1787. Jno. Haton, Sarah Calvert, 1803. 
Henj. Head, Milly Long, 1785. Wm. Head, Sallie Oliver, 1792. 

Patterson Heaton, Polly Bridwell, '13. Jos. Heaton, Anne Antram, 1799. 
Wm. Helm, Susan S. Cowne, 1819. Alex. Henderson, Eliz. Roebuck, 1789. 

'ih^Jno.Hender8on,NancyHan8brough,'21. Wm. Henry, Eleanor Yancey, 1795. 
Benson Henry, Keziah Manwell, 1792. Wm. Henslee, Eliz. Corbin, 1792 
Enoch Hensley, Jane Nicolson, 1789. 
Wm. Henton, Hannah Heaton, 1805. 
Thos. Herford, Sarah Heaton, 1797 

Elliott Herndon, Sallie Carter, 1791. 
Edw. Herndon, Nancy Rucker, 1791. 
Geo. Hesser, Emily Evans, 1824. 
Jas. Heaton, Sallie Evans, 1804. 
Silas. Hickerson, Polly Tutt, 1811. 
Wm. Hill, Sallie Ballinger, 1791. 
Wm. Hill, Frances Fennell, 1780. 
Jno. Hill. Nancy Palmer, 1792. 
Humphrey Hill, Anne Myrtle, 1798. 
Joel Hill, Nancy Vaughan, 1820. 
Jno. Kennon Hill, Grace Jenkins, '17. 
Sam. Hinsley, Rosanna Pierce, 1786. 
Leonard Hisle, Ramey Jasper, 1804. 
Jno. Hisle, Polly Hisle, 1797. 
Strother Hisle, Eliz. Smith, 1809. 
Jas. Hitt, Frances Reynolds, 1822. 
Stephen Hogg, Sarah Williams, 1800. 
Jno. Holland, Catharine Coghill, '88. 
Jno. Hopper, Sarah Jett, 1785. 
Jas. Y. Horner, Polly Ferguson, 1815. 
Elijah Houghton, Caty Norman, 1818 
Mich. House, Nancy Zimmerman, 
Jos. Huans, Rhoda Pinkard, 1803 

Enoch Hensley, Sallie Boling, 1800. 
Thos. Herford, Sarah Heaton, 1796. 
Ren. Herndon, Betsey Marshall, 1806. 
Ben. Herndon, Susan Chart, 1787. 

Wm. Hermon, Polly Ferguson . 

Jacob Hessong, Charity Duke, 1793. 
Wm. Hickerson, Judith Ball, 1814. 
Jno. Hill, Mary Finch, 1804. 
Rob. Hill, Nancy Sutton, 1785. 
Wm. Hill Jr., Isabel Parson, 1797. 
Jos. Hill, Rhoda Marshall, 1796. 
Reub. Hill, Fannie Samuel, 1797. 
Jno. Hill, Eliz. Naughan, 1822. 
Jno. Hilman, Dorotha Garnett, 1798. 
Wm. Hisle, Nancy Woodard, 1803. 
Rob. Hisle, Lydia Jenkins, 1789. 
Wm. Hisle, Jane Willis, 1796. 
Wm. Hitcher, Hannah Hurt, 1781. 
Rich. Hisle, Nancy Neathers, 1795. 
Wm. Holdway, Eliz. Thornhill, 1794. 
Eph. Hollaway, Susannah Garwood, '21. 
Sam. Horner, Julia Sanford, 1804. 
Job. Houghton, Lucy Simms, 1818. 
, Matthias House, Susannah Floyd, 1792. 
Thos. Howell, Marg. White, 1790. 

Thos. Hubbard, Sallie Strother, 1794. 
Taliaferro Hubbard, Abbie Gibson, '97. Arm. Hubbard, Beacheth Strother,'92 

Alex. Hudson, Polly Jones, 1804 
Walter Hudst)n, Eliz. Mason, 1810. 
Jno. Hudson, Jane Appleby, 1799. 
Reub. Hudson, Polly Garnett, 1798. 
Abner Hudson, Betsey Mason, 1800. 

Joel Hudson, Fannie Yager, 1809. 
Martin Hudson, Synth ia Newton, 1794. 
Moses Hudson, Mary Clark, 1789. 
Ezekiel Hudson, Polly Mason, 1800. 
Wm. Hudson. Eliz. Cheek, 18tU. 

Ambrose Hudson,MaryAnneSmith, '19. Jos. Huffman, Rosannah Deale, 1793 

Jacob Huffman, Mary Floyd, 1786. 
Rub. Huffmaji, Caty Huffman, 1787. 
Sam. Huffman, Eve Huffman, 1792. 
Jos. Huffman, Frances Payne, 1790. 
Jos. Hufl'man, Frances Payne, 1791. 
Mich. Huffman, Eliz. Huffman, 1791. 
Henry Huffman, Lucy Reed, 1799. 
Rob. Hughes, Eliz. Strother, 1794. 
Jno. Hughes, Anne Waggoner, 1785. 

Ephraiu) Huffman. Mary Ward, 1787. 
Nathan Huffman, Mary Stonesiffer, '92. 
Jno. Huffman, Eliz. Huffman, 1794. 

Rob. Huffman, Eliz. Bruce . 

Jas. Huffman, Letty Arnold, 1795. 
Dan, Huffman. Marg. Bingard, 1790. 
Aaron Huffman, Betsey Hume, 1817. 
Anthony Huglies, Eliz. Adams, 1799. 
Jno. Hughes, Eliz. Brown, 1'98. 

Rob. Hudson, Eliz. Jones, 1803. 
Clias. Hume, Lizzie Banks, 1785. 
Jno. Hume, Anna Grimier, 1792. 
Armistead Hume, Priscilla Colvin^'98 
Wm. Humphrey, Mille Carder, 1805. 
(xeo. Humphrey, Polly Lawler, 1787. 
Julius Hunt, Mary Brown, 17t)l. 
Thos. Hurleigh, Nellie Harrison, '88. 
Rob. Hysle, Eliz. Pulliam, 179G. 

Wii^ Hume, Sarah Baker, 1782. 

Jas. Hume, Eliz. Powell, 1784. - 
Jas. Hume, Caty Barnes, 1797 

Humphrey Hume, Peggy Lowen, 1800. 
Jesse Humphreys, Eliz. Diffle, 1701. 
Jno. Hundley, Ibby Turnei-, 1822. 
Wm. Harrew, Lucy Collins, 1818. 
Jno. Hysle, Frances Pulliam, 1796. 

Wm. Ingraiu, Susannixh Lawler, 1802. 
Dan. Inskeep, Rachel Pusey, 1797. 
Job Inskeep, Patiner Bishop, 1801. 

Jno. Inskeep, Esther Garwood, 1804. 
Jas. Inskeep, Deliah Dulaney 1797. 

Wm. Jackson, Sarah Horton, 1808. 
Jno. Jackson, Sallie Simms, 1815. 
Jno. D. James, Peggy P. Brown, 1808. 
Dan. James, Nancy Grraves, 1787. 
Jere. Jarrell, Sarah Simms 1788. 
Alex. Jeffries, Frances Faver, 1794. 
Jno. Jeffries, Rosamond Faver, 1800, 
Zach. Jenkins, Ellen Jenkins, 1805. 
Nathan Jenkins, Betsey Weakley, '93. 
Abraham Jenkins, Nancy Weakley, '89, 
Philip Jenkins, Rebecca Jenkins, 1793. 
Dan. Jenkins, Sarah Jenkins, 1793. 
Dan. Jenkins, Sarah Jenkins, 1800. 
Roland Jenkins, Nancy Robins, 1818. 
Hedgman Jenkins, Nancy Hensley,'14. 
Jno. Jesse, Susannah Carpenter, 1792. 
Daniel Jett, Lucinda Jones, 1798. 
Jos. Johnson, Susannah Reed, 1802. 
Allan Johnston, Seney Duncan, 1793. 
Jas. Jollett, Nancy Walkei-, 1787. 
Jno. R. Jones, Cxilly Marshall, 1809. 
Garden Jones, Senie Browning, 1789 
Thos. Jones, Agnes Pulliam, 1785. 
Standley Jones, Nancy Garnett, 1797. 
Lewis Jones, Nancy Borst, 1795. 
Tlieo. Jones, Fran. Shackelford, 1797. 

Tlios. Janes, Polly Butler, . 

Tim. Jones, Sarah Cocke, 1799. 
Jas. Jones, Nancy Turner, 1800. 
Jno. Jones, Judy Doggett, 1813. 
Jno. Jones, Mary Hisle, 1813. 
Stephen Jones, Millie Kenuard, 1814. 
Robt. Jones, Sallie Crigler, 1815. 
Inbey Jones, Lucy Johnston, 1817. 
David Jones, Lucinda Foushee, 1812. 
Jno. Jordan, Caty Wilson, 1791. 
Geo. Jury, Damsel Holland, 1811. 
Moses Jackson, Sallie Lampkin, 1781. 

Henry Jackson Anne Lampkin '91. 
Thos. Jacol)B, Eliz. Burgess, 180(j. 
Sam. James, Frances Bates, 1783. . 
Wuf. Jarrell, Eliz. Jarrell, 1787. 
Dan. Jasper, Millie Cheek. 1807. 
Thos. Jeffries, Thiza Kegg, 1797. . 
Jno. Jennings, Fannie Hurt, 1801. 
Irvine Jenkins. Peggy Jenkins 1808. 
Dan. Jenkins, Agatha Jenkins, 1789. 
Timothy Jenkins, Eliz. Smith, 1794. 
Jere. Jenkins, Anne McKensey, 1791. 
Timothy Jenkins, Nancy Weakley, '97. 
Amb. Jenkins, Susannah Weakley, '09. 
Anthony Jenkins, Milly Sisk, 1812. 
Amiss Janny, Barbara Gregory, 1797. 
Jesse Jett, Nancy Chandler, 1804. 
Jas. Jett, Julia Anne Lane, 1821. 
AVm. Johnston, Mary Yancey, 1806. 
Valentine Johnston, Anne Brown, 1816. 
Gabe. Jones, Patsey Yates, 1800. 
Ambrose Jones, Mary Waggoner, 1784. 
Moses Jones, Mary Florence, 1789. 
Rob. Jones, Susannah Bahanghan, '87. 
Francis Jones, Esther Cowne, 1795. 
Jno. Jones, Dolly Petty, 1793. 
Henry Jones, Mildred Grigsl)y, 1792. 
Bailey Jones, Lucy Corbin, 1791. 
Elisha Jones, Eliz. Freeman. 1799. 
Thos. Jones, Mary Underwood, 1798. 

Jas. Jones, Rebecca Dyke, . 

Chas. Jones, Lavinia Glass, 1815. 
Chas. Jones, Jane Rixey, 1819. 
Jos. Jones, Nancy Yates, 1815. 
Jas. Jones, Lucinda Walden, 1822. 
Absalom Jordan, Eliza Eastham, 1806^ 
Wm. Jordan, Anne Clark, 1791. .^-' 
Reese Jury, Anne Slaughter, 1811. — 
Elijah Jones, Sarah Freeman, 1793. 



Jas. Kay, Fannie Wafffjoner, 1802. 
Tho8. Kelley, Kesiah Norman, 1806. 
Jacob Kelly, Pegt?y Grore, 1790. 
Wm. Kelly, Eliz. Poulton, 1786. 
Jno. Kelly, Susannah Hill, 1797. 
Jas. Kendall Eliz. Threlkeld, 1819. 

Benoni Kendriek, Mary Warner, 1789. 

Geo. Kennard, Frances Yates, 1800. 
Reub. Kenneday, Ursula Falconer, '11. 

Wash. Keys, Marj?. Strother, 1812. 

Wm. Kidwell, Susannah Jett, 1806. 

Gab. Key, Sarah Waggoner, 1802. 

Geo. Kelley, Jane Field, 1803. 

Jas. Kelly, Frances Wright, 1805. 

Edw. Kelly, Barbara Yates, 1784. 

Wm. Kelly, Nancy Terry, 1790. 

Jas. Kemper, Sallie Walker, 1822. 

Jacob Kendrick, Susannah Jett, 1805. 

Reub. Kendrick, Effie Rich, 1795. 

David Kennard, Polly Yates, 1809. 

Amos Keys, Anna Fennell, 1802. 

Adam Kibler, Eliza Brandon, 1822. 

Armistead Kilby, Sarah Hawkins, '94. Jos. KilVjy, Celia Jenkins, 1801. 

Thos. Kilby, Matilda Hawkins, 1817. Leroy Kilby, Eleanor Mary, 1820. 

Benj. Kin'ir, Walter Haywood, 1794 Thos. King, Eliz. King, . 

Philip S. King, Martha Grant, 1821. PleasantKirtley, Thompson Barnes, '04. 
Wm. Kirtley, Sarah Lewis, 1805. Ephraim Klugg, Eliz. Major, 1792. 

John Klugg, Nancy Nelson Graves '90. Jos. Koonly, Judy Snyder, 1809. 
Geo. Kootz, Mary Threlkeld, 1800. 

Aaron Lacy m. Eliz. Reins, 1788. 
Jno. Lampkin, Jemima Lemmon, '17. 
Wm. Lansdown, Triphene Settle, '97. 
Wm. Lansdown m. Lucy Spiller, 1798. 
Philip Latham m. Dolly Gray, 1792. 
Walter Lawrence m. Polly Batler,'04. 
David Lear m. Lucy Duval' 1791. 
Nathan Lear m. Nancy Spieer, 1818. 
Rob. Leavel m. Eliz. Harden, 1788. 
Wm. Lee m. Mollie Burns, 1788. 
Archelus Lewis, Jemimah Norman '93. 
^ Thadeus Lewis m. Eliz. Garnett, 1796. 

' ' "v^j^ SI'S: Lewis, Kitty Anne Pendleton, '16. 
Edw. Lightfoot7Arthur Eldridge, 1793. 
Jno. Lillard m. Rachel Garrott, 178'i. 
Benj. Lillard m. Eliz. Browning, 1819. 
Henj. Lillard m. Lucy Brown, 1799. 
Jno. Lindsey m. Ruth Bryan 1789. 
Zach. kittle and Mary Staunton, 1792. 
Gabriel Long, Lucinda Slaughter, '05. 
Thomas Long m. Nancy Shii)p, 17i)7. 
Jno. Long m. Azul)ah Hawkins, 1793. 
Thos. Long m. Polly Wharton, 1799. 
Jno. Lovell, Frances Beckham, 1S15. 
Francis Lowin m. Lucy Brown, 1784. 
Jno. Lucas m. Polly Brown, 1810. 
Geo. Lucas m. Fannie Kilby, 1S16. 

Jno. Lampkin m Eliz. Wily, 1799. 
Mark Landram m. Nancy Tapp, 1786. 
Wm. A. Lane m. Elizabeth Green, 1798. 
Wm. Latham m. Malinda Gaines, 1805 
John T. Latham Kitty Mauzy, 1824. 
Sam. Lsadman, Susan. Stokesberry,'01. 
James Lear m. Nancy Hill, 1787. 
Joshua Leather m. Eliz. Ferguson, 1790 
Benj. Leavell m. Eliz. Willis, 1811. 
Jas. Lee m. Mary Callahan, 1793. 
James Lewis m. Jemimah Roberts, '86. 
Benj. Lewis m. Nancy Mitchell, 1815. 
Thos. B. Lewis m. Cath. A. Gaines, "15. 
Rob. Lightfoot. Johannah Dulany,'94. 
Ab^olom Lillard, Nancy Holland, 1816. 
Absolam Lillard m. Fannie Hisle, 1810. 
Jno. Lingram m.Betsj' Waggoner, 1802 
Jacob Lip m. Marg. Zimmerman, 1787. 
Jno. Lockhart m. Mary Wily, 1799. 
Bloomfield Long m. Letty Roach, 1787. 
Wm. Long m. Marj' Faulconer, 1797. 
Benj. Long m. Polly Garratt, 1792. 
Wm.Loucry m. Anne Colly, 1799. 
Dan. Lowery m. Mary Cox, 17;)7. 
Wm. Lowry m. Anne Colly, 1799. 
Thomas Lucas, Fannie Wilhoite, 1785. 
Wm. Lucas m. Anne Moore, 1815. 


Jno. Maar m. Eliz. Whitley, 1799. Jno. Macaboy m. Mary Houghty,N^817. 

Jacob Maggert, Mary Huffman, 1787. Jno. Major m. Ursee Sleet, 1787. 
Wm. Major m. Eliz. Corbin, 1795. John MacMann m. Nancy Johnson, '14. 

Jno. Margrave m. Abigail Moore, 1789. James Markham m. Betsey Porter, '04. 

Jno.W. Marshall, Paiiliua Moore, '07. 
Thos. Marshall, Malinda Wallace 1806. 
Jiio. Marsteu iii. Rachael Spicer, 1788. 
Jno. Martin in. Nelly Nicholson, 1788. 
Jno. Martin m. Mary L6ng, 1791. 
Elijah Mason ni. Annie Wood, 1805. 
Joel Mason ni. Sallie Brown, 1791. 
Silas Mason ni. Patsey Garnett, 1815. 
Daniel Mason ni. Sarah Porter, 1819. 
Jno. Mathoney m. Betsy Smith, 1802. 
Jos. Mattock, Matilda Cornett, 1809, 
Jno Mauzy m. Frances Long, 1803. 
Alexander McBee, Harriet Borst, 1795. 
Jas. McDaniel m Anne King, 1792. 
Jno. McDonald, Frances Putnian,'85. 
Osborne McDonald, Eliz. Murphy, 1798. 
Jas. McFarlen m. Nancy Wise, 1797. 
Nath. Magriider,Jenii. Sutherland, '99. 
Robt. McKiffln m. Fannie Boswell, '98. 
Strother McQueen, Lucy Yates, 1808. 
May B. Medley m. Maria Payne, 1819. 
Jonas Menefee ni. Polly Yancy, 1808. 
Jno. Menefee m. Eliza Hughes, 1795. 
Wni. Menefee m. Mary Strothei-,1790. 
Wni. Menefee m Cath. Partlow, 1811. 
Jno. Menefee m. Sallie Brown, 1814. 
Jno. Menefee, Anne T. Pendleton, '16. 
Benj. Mershong ni. Anne Jett, '90. 
Michael Miller, Rebecca Carpenter, 93. 
Jno. Miller, Alice Wright, 1800. 
Jesse Millerjm. Frances Corbin,*1816. 
/Jno. A. Mitchell, Cath. Hanson.1803. 
Wm. Mitchell m. Xiucy Graruett, 1783. 
Fisher Mitchell, Mollie Gosny, 1790. 
Jno. Mitchell, Margaret Yager, 1818. 
Geo. Monday in. Isabel Myrtle, 1785. 
Wm. Monny m. Sarah Walker 1781. 
Elihthan Moor m. Polly Scott, 1788. 
Wm. Morehead m. Polly Triplett,1790. 
Thos. Morris m. Sallie Kinnard, 1795. 
Caleb Morrison. Sallie Browning, '08. 
Thnothy Moore m. Mary Gully 1789. 
Anthony Moore, Jane Adams, 1799. 

Thos. Moore m. Polly Hughes, 

Elisha Moss m. Mary Groves, 1809. 
Benj. Mozengo m. Mary Little ,1795. 
Jno. Murphy m. Sallie Sedwicke, 1805. 
Thos. Murphy, Eliz. Edrington, 1801. 
Jac. Myers m. Mai'iah Calvert, 1808. 

T nomas Marshall m. Mary Bishop, 1805 
Rob. Marshall m. Mary Dobbs, 1813. 
Willis Martin m. Agatha Gaunt 1806. 
Wm. Martin m Lucy Sanford, 1796. 
Enoch Mason m. Fannie Ramey,1806. 
Nelson Mason m. Mary Newlon. 1806. 
Jas. Mason m. Susannah Tapp, 1793. 
Benson Mason m. Margaret Fox, 1820. 
Lewis D. Massie m. Eliz. Adams, 1822. 
James Matthews m. Sallie Stuart, 1794. 
Abraham Maury m. Eliz.Wilhoite, 1810. 
Wm. McBee m. Sarah McDugley, 1798. 
Dan. McCarty ni. Sallie Whorton, 1792. 
Geo. McDonald m. Marg. Wayland, '91. 
Mathias McDonald. Eleanor Jarrell,'91. 
Wm. McDonald m. Mary DonakVj794 . 
Dan. McGowan m. Frances Corley,1820 
Jas.McKiffin m. Anne Reed Taylor, '10. 
Wm. McKoy m. Nancy Turner, 1800. 
Dan. McQueen m. Caty Lammon, 1818. 
Rob. Menefee m. Polly Waggoner, 1806. 
Jno. Menefee m. Lucy Partlow, 1808. 
Larkin Menefee m. Lucy Yancey. 
Henrj' Menefee m. Nancy Hughes.'97. 
Henry Menefee m. Phila. Yancey, 1811. 
Jarred Menefee m. Fannie Hopkins, '15. 
Wolery Meng m. Esther Morris, 1794. 
Jas. Middleton m. Lucy Jenkins, 1814. 
Adam Miller, Polly Wilhoite, 1790. (/ 
Sam Miller m, Delena Bywaters, 1815. 
Waller Minor, Mary Cowen, 1789. 
Wm. Mitchell m. Sarah Mitchell, 1787. 
Mark Mitchell m. Mary Rider, 1787. 
Jno. Mitchell m. Janet Newton, 1831. 
James Mobly m. Eliz, Hurrin, 1792. 

Roger Moody m. Anne ' 1797. 

Abraham Moor, Eliz. Cinnie, 1786. 
Daniel Morgan, Sarah Thomas, 1800. 
Walter Moreland m. Rach. Drake, 1^04. 
Edm. Morress m. Sallie Reynolds, 1801. 
Jno. Morrison m. Esther Douglass,1797. 
Harbin Moore m. Anne Tutt, 1793. 
David Moore Hannah Woodward, 1813. 
Elijah Moss m. Susannah Carroll 1797. 
Wm. Motherhead m. Lucy Long, 1788. 
Dennis Murphy m. Sallie Marshall, '03. 
Martin Murphy m. Sarah Glass, 1786. 
Wm. L. Munday, Anne Porter, 1811. 
Ben. Myrtle, Fran. Broyles, 1787. 


Jas. Nalle, Peggy Parks, 1792. 
Wm. Nalle, Nancy Berry, 1817. 

Jno. Nalle, Lucy Hill, 1785. 

Hezekiah Nally, Susannah Bourne, '08. 


Larkin Nash, Eliz. Hyne, 1793. 
Rob. C. Newby, Georgiana Ward, '03. 
W. H. Newman, Josemeah Tucker,'04. 
And. Newman, Mary AnneFennell, '89 
Jas. Newman, Mary Early, 1789. 
Jas. Nickens, Mary Berden, 1793. 
Geo. Nicol, Hester Haines, 1811. 
Jno. Nicolson, Phoebe Jenkins, 1790. 
Zepheniah Nooe, Sarah Kirtley, 1803. 
Courtney Norman, Alice Jett, 1793. 
Isaac; Norman, Sallie Watts, 1799. 

Manyard Oakes, Sukey Kosson, 1797. 
Barnet O'Neil, Sallie Embrey, 1807. 
Jno. O'Neil, Judy Settle, 1794. 
Jere. O'Dell, Polly Menefee, 1804. 
Gab. Oder, Mariah Monroe, 1805. 
^- Joel Oder, Jane Fletcher, 1795. 

Willis Overter, SusannahSturman, '91, 
Harrison Owen, Lucy V^auji^han, 1808. 
Rich. Parks, Anne Paver, 179(5. ~ 

J:vs. Parsons, Lucy Myrtle, 1789. 

Thos. Patton. B etsey Mo ss, 1804. 
Bennett Payne, Polly McKenzie, 1801. 
Wm. Payne, Avee Garnett, 1793. 
Jas. Peek, Charlotte Clatterbuck,'93. 
Jno. Pemmiiijjton, Catli. Vint. 1797. 
Thos. Pendleton, Jane Farmer, 1794. 
- Chas. Perry, Anne Washinj^ton, 1803. 
Jno. Perry, Susannah Utterback,'97. 
Jos. Peyton. Nancy Estes 1800. 
Jno. Payne, Polly Butler, 1805. 
Thos. Peyton, Anne Lambkin, 1792. 
Isaac Peyton, Nancy Grimsley, 1809. 
Wm. Pewis, Jane Burke, 1792. 
Geo. Petty, Patsy Hansbroufi,h,'08. 
Polly Petty, Frances Hill, 1799. l/' 
Geo. Phillips, Eliz. Hprshberfj:er,'08. 
" Solo. Phillips, Anna Huflinan, 1789. 
Jas. Pierce, Eliz. Crawford, 1782. 
Jno. Pierce, Nancy McGuinn, 1786. 
Shadrach Pierspn, Rach. Clinch, 1781. 
Thos. Piner, Eliz. Swindler, 1791. 
Jno. Pitcher, Lucy Thornhill, 1790. 
John Pitts, Priscilla Utterback, 1793. 
Jas. Pollard, Auielia Tutt, 1812. 
Francis. Poo, Mary Allen, 1805. 
Gerard Popham, Kesiali Bnu<::han, '95. 
Hawkins Popham, Reb'ca Hawkins, "1 
Keub. Porch, Nancy Asher, 1792. 
Jno. Porter, Lydia Rees, 1831. 

Henry Nash, Ester Dyke, 1818. 
Benj. Newlon, Nancy Kirtley, 1803. 
Robt. Newman, Eliz. Latham, 1789. 
Geo. Newlon, Polly Bourne, 1790. 
Jos. Nichlins, Eliz. Calvert, 1802. 
Mich. Nicols, Sallie Miller, 1801. 
Ben. Nicolson, Eliz.. Shackelford, 1792. 
Jno. Nethers, Esther Dyke, 1802. 
Jos. Norman, Mary Davis, 1806. 
Thos. Norman, Sallie Utterback, 1796. 

Dan. O'Neil, Sarah Jennings, 1807. 
Jno. O'Neil, Eliz. Embrey, 1808. 
Jno. O'Neil, Phoebe Scott, 1789.- 
Thos. C. Oden, Nancy Mason, 1822. 
Jno. Oder, Nancy Jenkins, 1807. 
Wm. Orr, Polly Gaines, 1789. 
Obadiah Overter, EUender Crow, 1788. 
Dan. Palmer, Susannah Henseley, '88. 
Elisah Partlow, Frances Menefee, 1808 

Wm. Paul, Jane Grewis, 1821. 
Rich. Payne, Mary Major, 1795. 
Elefas Payne, Nancy Curtis, 1813. 
Foushee Pellett, Fannie Vaughan, 1808. 
Edw. Pendleton, Sai-ah Strother, 179L_ 
Edmund Pendleton, Eliz. Ward, 1800. 
Pierce Perry, Ellen Corbin, 1810. 
Peter Peters, Mary Simms, 178'J. 
Geo. Peyton, Susannah Cogell, 1792. 
Jaiues Peyton, Bet. Saunders, 1808. 
Isaaiah Peyton, Millie Campbell, 1800. 
Benj. Peyton, Henrietta Swindler, '15. 
Larkin Petty, Polly Fore, 1807. 
Jas. Pettie, Polly Alsopp, 1797. 
Thornton F. Petty, Eliz. Grinnan, '20. 
Jno. Phillips, Eleanor Casey, 1786. 
Jno. Pickett, Polly Samuel, 1796. 
Jno. Pierce, Sallie JefTries, 1786. 
Reub. Pierce, Mariah Simms, 1819. 
Spencer Pinkard, Betsey Marshall, "99. 
Wm. R. Penned, Anna Murphy, 1799. 
Jacob Petit, Hally Fryar, 1800. 
Elijah Pollard, Cath. (Tarner, 1797. 
Rob. Pompkins, Polly Gray, 1798. 
Hum]>hrey Popham, Bet Hawkins, '88. 
Jno. Popham, Eliz. Brown, 1795. 

Wm. Porter, Ellen Morton, 1791. 
Sam. Porter, Aisley Withers, 1824. 

Wm. Poulter, l^etncy Marder, 1788. 
Scott Pound, Patsey W. Faulcoiier/98. 
Ambrose Powell, Fran. Payne, 1810. 
N/Mii-a.iah Powell, Mary Wilhoite, 1788. 
Joshua Pratt m. Mary Beckham, 1789. 
Geo. Pritchell m. Eliz. Compton, 1815. 
Sam. Pritchard, Rebecca Anderson, '93 
Rob. Pulliam, Dilly Bum^ardner, '92. 

Wm. Polter, Jane Willis, 1788. 
Wm. Powell, Betsey B. Simms, 1810. 
Benj. PoM'ell, Eliz. fxreene, 178G. 
Thos. Pratt, Eliz. Smith, 1796. 
Jesse Pratt, Milly Johnson, 1813. 
Wm. Pritchard, kellie Dodson, 1791. 
Tlios. Pullicim m. Kesiah Brown, 1786, 
Jno. Purley m. Sarah Uoj^gett, 1824. 

Ed. Quesenberrj',>(aney Threlkeld,'()0. 



Moses Race, Mary Tomlin, 1802. 
Dan. Railsback, Rocany Clore, 1788. 
Jacob Ramey, Mary Latham, 1803. 
Jed. Randolph, Nancy Jennings, 1793. 
Chris. Rassor, Sarah Simms, 1780. 
Laban Razer, Harriet Sims, 1818. 

Wm. P. Reed, Emily Ballard, 

Mark Reed, Eliza A. Ficklin,1820. 
Jac. Reaser, Martha Simms, 1818. 
Reub. Redujan. Millie Redman, 1804. 
Cjrid. Rees, Anna Allan, 1795. 
Edw. Reynolds, Sarah Fewel, 1786. 
Ezekiel Rice, Fannie (xarnett, 1808. 
Benj. Rice, Eliz. Tinsley, 1790. 
Thomas Richards.Nancy Howen, 1806. 
Thos. Ricbardson, Polly M. Carder,'15 
Jno. Rider, Patsy Lillard, 1806. 
Jac. Kiffler, Millard Burris, 1785. '//' 
Jno. Roberson,Bettie Rakestraw, 1815. 
Wm. Roberts, Eliza Field. 1824. 
Henry Roberts, Eliz. Maddox, 1792. 
Wm. Robertson, Anne Grinnan, 1795. 
Wm. Robertson, Anne Cooper, '^1817. 
Geo. Rodders, Mary Turner, 1811. 
Burgess Rogers, Sophia Miller,1792. 
Jno. Rogers, Sarah Kirtley,1791. 
Moses Rollins, Mary Smith, 1787. 
Rob. Roman, Polly fSmith, 1794. 
Jno. Rose. Sallie M- .•shall,1807 
Wm. Ross, Jane O Neal, 1784. 
AVm. L. Rosson, I'olly (^oUins, 1816. 
Oily N. Rosson, Fran. Colvin, 1824. 
John Routt .jr., Eliz. Duhcan, 1794. 
Wm. Routt, Peggy Mitchell, 1812. 
Benj. Rowe^ Mary Powell, 1791. 
Robt. Rucker, SaHie Gaines. 1806. 
Jas. Rucker, Mary Terrill, 1782. 
Jno. Rudacilla, Eliz. Vaughan, 1795. 
Win. Rndacilla, Kesiah Baugher, 1797 
AVm. Rumsev. Marv Gaines, 1790. 

Jno. Race, Ellen Williams. 1803. 
(ieo. Raison, Frank.y Ma.jor, 1789. 
Wm. Rambottom, Clara Jenkins. 1798. 
James Randolph, Susannah Duval, '90. 
Jac. Raxor, Susannah Snyder, 1787. 
Phil. Reed, Eliz. Chewning, 1792. 
Griffin Reed, Eliz. Chewning. 1792.^ 
Jno. Reason, Mary Moss, 1804. 
Dan. Rector, Eliz. Coons, 1792. 
Morris Redinan, Sukey Redman, 1824. 
Rob. Reynolds, Mary Taliaferro,1790. • 
Elijah Rice, Jallah Garnett, 1806. 
Jno. Rice, Lucy Jones 1791. 
James B. Rice, Susannah Wallis, 1800. 
Jno. Richardfeon, Su. Clatterbuck, 1801. 
Sanard Ricketts, Eliz. Compton, 1801. 
Arch. Rider, Peggy Gaines, 1787. 
Jno. Rivercomb, Polly Jenkins, 181^. 
Jas. Roberts, Betsy Roberts, 1792. 
Jno. Roberts, Stisannah Al)bott, 1801. 
Geo. Roberts, Anne Hitt, 1791. / 
Sam. Robertson, Rachel Ricketts, 1824. 
Spencer Robinson, Mary LTtterback,'97. 

Josepl^ Rogers,' Wallard, 1796. 

Aaron R&gers, Eliz. Bumgardner, 1798. 
Jno. Rollins, Mary Monroe, 1808. 
Wm. Rollins, Nancy (xolden, 1815. 
Leven Rose, Susannah Bawsell, 1802. 

Reub. Ross, Sallie Terrill, 1791. 

(xab. Rosson, Polly I'inkard, 1800. 
Benj. Rosson, Sarah (Collins, 1821. 
David Rosson, Catv Gaines, 1801. 
John Routt. Sarah Tutt, 1794. 
Wm. Rowe, Sallie Towies, 1787. 
Wm. Ruch, Nancy Crain, 1787. - 
Reub. Rucker, Mildred Tinsley, 1785. 
Joel Rucker, Amey Young, 1791. 
Phillip Rudacilla,Mary Vaughan, 1792. 
, Lawson Rudacilla, Harriet Oder, 1821. 
Ephraim Rush, Eliz. Moore. 1790. 


Ephraim Rush,Eliz. Marshall, 1823. 
Wni. Rutter, Polly Creal, 1809. 
Thos. Pratt, Celia Golden, 1805. 

Jno. Uussell, Jane Rovnolds, 1788. 
Dan. RyuOV, T^' "" aan, 1786. 


Jones Safer, Mary Dunaway, 1794. 
Wm. Sampson, Sallle Coleman, 1T84. 
Jno. Sanord, Amelia Horner, 1809, 
Jno. Sanders, Sallie Williams, ITSC. 
Nath. Saunders, P. F. McQuinn, 1815. 
Reub. Scott, Susannah Petty, 1789. 
Young Scott, Sallie Tapp, 1800. 
v^bner Settle, Nancy Pennel, 1804. 
Abra. Settle, Abigail Cummings, '08. 
Meriman Settle, Mary Dell, 1787. 
Joseph Settle, Eliz. Miller, 1809. 
{/Gaden Settle, Cath. Humphrey, 1821. 
Dud. Shackelford, Win. Waterspon,'84. 
Jno. Shackelford, Peggy Newby, 1794. 
Mallo. Shackulford,Mary Coleman, '02. 
Jas. Shackelford, Cath. Beasy, 1813 
Jac. Shank, Rebecca Tobin, 1804. 
Thos. Shever8,Anna L. Pendleton, '12. 
"\ Ambrose Shipp, Nellie Barnes, 1789. 
Mich. Short, Esther Province, 1800. 
Thos. Shelton, Mild. Zimmerman, '03. 
Larkin Sims, Mary Anne Swindler, '17. 
Jas. Sims, Jemimah Tucker, 1820. 
Elias C. Simms, Sophia Cheek, 1824. 
Jas. L. Sims, Eliz. Pratt, 1817. . 
Jno. Sims, Peggy Baxter, 1797. 

Caleb Sims, Eleanor Poulter, 

Abner Sims,Mary Saunders, 1789. 
Reub. Sims, Sarah Tatum, 1787. 
Jerry Sims, Eliz. Sanders, 1794. 
Henry Sims, Peggy Marshall, 1809. 
Edm. Sims, Lavinia Tucker, 1809. 
Thos. Standl.ey, Susannah Smith, 1781. 
Jas. Starting, Polly Norman, 1793. 
Jas. Stevenson, Susan. Hanback,'89. 
Jas. Sleet, Rach. White, 1791. 
Rob. Stevens, Fran. Rosson, 1793. 
Rob. Steal, Alice Taylor, 1798. 
Jno. Stuart, Caty Camp))ell, 1793. 
Henry Stipes, Betsy Hampkin, 1800. 
Jno. Stonesiffer, Mary Huffman, 1790. 
Jno. Stokesburn, Sarah Cowgill, 1804. 
. Wra. Stokes, Nancy Shaw, 1791, 
Fran. Story, Susannah Kelly, 1791. 
Wm. Story, Eliz. Yowell, 1790. 
Russell Story, Eliz. Rivercomb, 1812. 
Elijah Stout, Eliz. Tumham, 1798. 
Jac. Stout, Mildred Bellonger, 170(5. 

Jos. Sampson, Polly Coleman, 1784. 
Moses Samuel, Rosan. Zimmerman, '88. 
Jno. Sampson, Ellen Button, 181G. 
Jas. Saunders, Eliz. Camp, 1806. 
Chas. Scroggins, Lucy Fergerson, 1799. 
Moore Scott, Rachael Popham, 1786. 

Zadoch Sedwick, Eliz. Murphy, 1802. 
. Wm. Settle, Nancy Pickett, 1804. 
Calvert Settle, Sallie Turner, 1806. 
Jas. Settle, Eliz. Spilman, 1799. 
Jos. Settle, Rach. Jordon, 1811. 
Jno. Shackelford, Sallie Coleman, 1808. 
. Wra. Shackelford, Sallie Suddith, '08. 
Charles Shackelford,Poly Menifee,1798. 
Zach. Shackelford, Fran, Lillard, 1811. 
Caleb Shackelford. Lu. McDonald, -|— 
Rob. Shelton, Alpha Yawter, 1790. 
Jon. Singleton, Isabell Jett, 1796. 
Edw. G. Shipp, Harriett Mauzy, 1821. 
Jas. Shotwell, Polly Crani, 1788. 
Manson Simmons, Eliz. Newton, 1802. 
Jno. W. Simms, Nancy Dulaney, 1824. 
Jno. W. Sims, Nancy B. Dulaney, 1824. 
Rob. Sims, Eliz. Tatum, 1822. 
Geo. W. Sims, Judith N. Dulaney, 1816. 

Benj. Sims, Anne Butler, 

Jas. Sims, Jane Towles,1790. 
Wm. Sims, Mildred Baxter, 1787. 
Jas. Sims, Pattie Smith, 1794. 
Jno. Sims, Peggy Baxter, 1796. 
Rob. Suiis, Polly Marston, 1791. 
Martin Sims Polly Wilhoite, 1805. ^- 
Alex. Stanford, Mary Adams, 1803. 
James Ste^/enson, Sarah Harden, 1786. 
Sam. Stephenson, Eliz. Pierce, 1795. 
Wm. Steptoe, Eliz. Cral, 1808. 
Wm. Stevens, '''aty Core, 1799 
Jos. Steward, Sarah Roberts, 1796. 
Chas. Stuard, Iau-v Collins, 1822. 

Sam. Storrow, Eliz. Carter. 1819. 

Ephraim Stonesiffer,.Julia Wihoite,"92. ^ 

David S,t<>kesberry, Fran. Cocke, 1801. 

Phil. Stockdell, Sail. Sampson, 1788. 

Jno. Story, Nancy Creal, 1783. 

Jas. Story, Lucy Johnston, 1797. 

Reub. Stout, Mary Van Dyke, 1784. 

Peter Stout, Mary Sherwood, 1798. 

Jas. Stout, Abigail Holloway, 1799. 

Jas. Strin^fellow, Kitty Nalle, 1818. Jno. Strother, Sallie Pendleton, 1804. 
Wm. Strother, Milly Medley, 1790. Geo. Strother, Mary Duncan, 1798. 

French Strother,Mary A.Bi"owning,'13. Jno. Strother, Eliz. Brown, 1814. 
Bailey Sudduth, Nan. Shackelford, "10. Hezekiah Soutter, Eliz. Brown, 1804. 
Wm. Sullivan, Eliz. Brown. 1801. Elijah Suttle, Aggy Miller,1795. 

rGeo. Swindle, Catharine Rasor, 1786. Geo. Swindle, Hannah Cornelius, 1790. 
Jno. Swindler, Rach. Fryer, 1787. Henry Swindler, Peggy Boston, 

,'■ Clayton Swindler, Sallie Bryant, ISlO-Alex. Simson, Anne Harrisonl^l783. v 

Hendley Simpson, Eliz. Farrow, 1813. 

Allen Sisk, Patsy Jenkins, 1805. 

Geo. Sisk, Nancy Chishom, 1795. 

Bartlett Sisk, Mary Campbell, 1787. 

Chas. Sisk, Nelly Chilton, 1799. 

Benj. Sisson, Eliz. Brown, 1807. 

Wm. Sisson, Pollie Brown, 1798. 
"Wm. Skinner, Betsey Trenton, 1802. 

Steed Skinner, Elener Brandorn, 1802. 
-^ Jno. Slaughter, Sallie Hopper, 1811. 
" Wm. Slaughter, Harriet Picklin, 1813. 

Fielding Sleet, Rebecca West, 1798. 

Jno. Smith, Sallie Rush, 1808. 

Hedgman Smith, Betsey Carper, 1808. 

Benj. Smith, Eliz. Rogers' 1784. ^ 

Dan. Smith, Jerusha Scott, 1791.- 
Voel Smith, Cath. Carper, 1764. 

Dan. Smith, Mary Colvin, 1796. 

AVm. Smith, Dinah Yager, 1792. 

Jno. Smith, Eliz. Fry, 1798. 

Wm. Smith, Susannah WickofT, 1793. 

Mich. Smith, Rosannah Yager, 1791. 

' 'aac Smith Sr., Susannah Smith, '91. 

Aug. Smith, Anne Carper, 1802. 

John Sine, Phoebe Sine, 1802. 

Richard Sisk, Clara Jenkins, 1806. 

Benj. Sick, Eliz. McAllister, 1786. 

Pluright Sisk, Ruth Boone, 1790. - 

Jno. Sisk, Eliz. Fhjchani, 1813. 

Torpley Sisson, Mollie Pound, 1798. 

Hugh Skinner, Sarah Jasper, 1812. 

Elijah Skinner, Eliz. Jackson, 1788. 
-R. Y. Slaughter, Mary G. Green, 1799 
- Wm. Slaughter, Frances H. Brown, '11. 

Thos. Slaughter, Martha Moore, 1824 

Jno. Smith, Nancy Finks, 1803. 

Joel Smith, Sarah Fincham, 1803. 

Jno. Smith, Patea Hayne, 1810. 

Jno. Smith, Eliz. Bowry, 1793. 

Wm. Smith, Lucy Wrigiit, 1786. 

Jno. Smith, Nancy Porter, 1788. 

Owen Smith. Agnes Hill, 1793. y' 

Rob. Smith Jr., Sallie Watts, 1791. 

Brisco Smith, Jane Pratt, 1800. , 

Jesse Smith, Joannah Pendleton, 1796. 

Martin Smith, Fannie Rol)erts, 1792. 

Caleb Smith, Jennie Scott, 1799. 

Isacher Smith, Anne S. Calvert, 1811. 

Weedon Smith, Lucy Browning, 18l4.\'Pres. N. Smith, Nancy Conner 1819. 

John Smith, Petia Hangue, 1810. 
Wm. W. Smith, Mary Bishop, 1813. 
Jno. Smither, Mary Greenway, 1808. 
Jno. Smoot, Anne Cannaday, 1798. 
Wm. Smoot, Susannah Haden, 1795. 
AqulUa Snailing, Eliz. Shotwell, 1791. 
Jos. Snyder, Mary (Christopher, 17S8. 
Jno. Snyder, Winnifred Cainpbell, '83. 
Jno. W. Somersall, Fran. Stevens, 17. 
Ben. Spicer, Mary ToAvels, 1787. 
Absolom Si)icer, Mahala Moore, '19. 
Robt. B. S|)ilman, Lucy (t. Payne, '22. 
Alex. Spilman, Adeline Allan, 1824. 

Adam T. Smith, Sarah Colvin, 1820. 
Gab. Smither, Gilly Calvert, 180 . 
Leo. Smoot, Abigail Heaton, 1799. 
Alex. Smoot, Anne Hawkins, 1798. 
Benj. Smoot, Painelia Mills, 1818. 
Fielding Sneed, Filiz. Cruteher, 17.14. 
David Snyder, Martha Bryan, 1788. 
Jos. Snyder, Sallie Campbell, 1809. 
Cain Spicer, Eliz. Lucas, 1805. 
Moses Spicer, Polly Moore, 1798. 
Wm. Spiller Nancy Sullivan, 1809. 
ConAvay Spilman, Nancj' Mason, 1815. 

Jno. Taliaferro, Alice Lukie, 1795. 
-Wm. Taliaferro, Nancy Tutt, 1811. 
Jacob Tanner, Maiy C(jllins, 1823. 
Cornelius Tanner, L^u. Oollins, 1812. 
Wni. Tate, Anne West, 1787. 

Henry Taliaferr.), Eliz. Lovell. 1800. 
Wm. Tannahill, Henrietta Fogg, 1814. 
John Tanner, Irene Collins, 1813. 
Jno Tanner, Susannah Good, 1791. 
.Tohan Taten, Susannah Bayne. 1818. ^ 


Wm. Tatura, Polly Lucus, 1797. 
Geo. Taylor, Sallie Fishback, 1799. — 
Jas. Taylor, Eliz. Atkins, 1798. 
Henry Telph, Anne Powell, 1782. 
Thos. Thatcher, Jane Menefee, 1797. 
Joel Terrill, Lucy Marshall, 1806. 
Wm. Terrell, Lydia Coflfman, 1814. 
Elisha Thomas, Leana Zigler, 1788. — 
Nesley Thomas, Mary Hughes, 1808. 
John Thompson, Nancy Pierce, '21. 
Martin Thompson, Rebecca Foster, '13. 
Jno. Thompson, Mild. Raines, 1790. 
Jos. Thompson, Johanah Hall, 1793. 
Jos. Thornhill, Eliz. Butler, 1812. 
Jos. Thornhill, Sallie Westall, 1802. 
Jno. Thornton, Nancy Shannon, 1822. 
Jas. Threlkeld, Eliz. Garner, 1794. 
Jas. Threlkeld, Polly Gosper, 1789. 
Dan. Threlkeld, Lucy Duncan, 1799. 
Catlett Tiflfer, Fran. Asher, 1804. 
AVm. Tinsley, Fran. Rogers, 1782. 
Nath. Tobin, Marg. Cammeral, 1809. 
Rob. Toombs, Sallie Catlett, 1798. 
Jno. Tompkin, Mary Gibson, 1816. 
Geo. Towels, Eliz. Bowers, 1815. 
Wm. Towles, Damsel Lucas, 1810. 
Henry Towles, Uphias Tucker, 1792. 
Santord Triplett, Mary Flinn, 1821. 
Dan. Triplett, Susannah Botts, 1791. 
Jas. Trigger, Polly Green, 1798. 
Littleton Tucker, Rach. Threlkeld, '01. 
Jno. Tucker, Nancy Tobin, 1798. 
Wm. Tucker, Jemimah Lewis, 1798. 
Allan Tucker, Polly Mawrey, 1810. 
Zeph. Turner, Susannah Tutt, 1816. 
Dan. Turner, Billy Bryan, 1815. 
Rich. Turner, Fran. Hume, 1802. ' 
Zeph. Turner, Sallie M. Conner, 1800. 
Sam. Turner, Abigail Haines, 1793. 
Jas. Turner, Delphia (xarnei', 1807. 
Jas. Turner, Betsey, Turner, 1805. 
Larkin Turner, Peggy Kline, 1803. 
Jas. Tutt, Lucinda Colvin, 1816. 
Gab. Tutt, Millie Menefee,. 1812. 
Wm. Tutt, Winnie Pulliam, 1792. 
Ben. Twisdell, Eliz. Zimmerman. '10. 
Wm. B. Tyler, Emily Hurt, 1819. 

Spencer Tavel, Lucy Morgan, 1805. 
John Taylor, Cath. Harmey, 1815. 
Edmund Taylor, Eliz. Utz, 1791. 
Nath. Thead, Nellie Campbell, 1812. 
Phil. Tettason, Eliz. Day, 1817. 
Jno. Terrill, Rebecca Cornelius, 1789. 
Ben. Thomas, Eliz. Gaines, 1799. 
-Massey Thomas Eliz. Barbour, 1785. — 
Elijah Thomas, Nancy Hughes, 1803. 
Wm.A. Thompson, Mild. T.Norman, '18. 
Walter Thompson, Isabel Brown, 1802. 
Thos. Thompson, Frances Ross, 1794. 
Bryant Thornhill, Fran. Jones, 1817. 
Reub. Thornhill, Sallie Shingleton,'96. 
Benj. Thornton, Anne Poner, 1791. 
Jas. Thornton, Sallie Hawkins, 1796. 
Jas. Threlkeld, Anne Kelly, 1784. 
Moses Threlkeld, Sarah Whitehead,'d5. 
John Threlkeld, Patsy Furguson, 1811. 
Mecajaole Tinel, Charlotte Appleby, '05. 
Isaac Tobin, Winnie Shackelford, 1811. 
Nathan Tobin, Sallie Coudy, 1801. 
Christine Tonilin, Lucy Wright, 1801. 
Wm. Tomlin, Sarah Wright, 1801. 
Oliver Towles, Eleanor Wilhoite, 1816. 1/ 
Jos. Towles, Polly Wetherall, 1786. 
Geo. Towles, Fran. Mason, 1809. 
Alf. Triplett, Anne Oder, 1814. 
Hedgman Triplett, M.MeClannahan,'88. . 
John Tucker, Clarissa B. Smith, 1812. 
Stephen Tucker, Eliz. Crawley, 1801. 
Moses Tucker, Uy!y Goodman, 1793. 
Thos. Tucker, Infancy Simms, 1808. 
Jno. TuckM^ller, Folly Edwards, 1812. 
Rob. Turner, Nancy Wise, 1816. 
Leonard Turner, Sallie Campbell, 1800. 
Armistead Turner, Mollie Kennedy,'99. 
Benj. Turner, Agatha Watts, 17S9. 
Joshua Turner, Mary Corley, 1792. 
Martin Turner, Hannah Marshall, 1806. 
Riiwley Turner, Nancy Hopper, 18u3. 
Thos. Tutt, Sallie Parks, 1787. 
Rich. Elsie Tutt, Malinda Royster, '12. 
Jas. L. Tutt, Lucy Finks, 1800. 
Rich. J. Tutt, Millie Conner, 1795. 
Geo. Twyman, Anne Twyman, 1790. 
Jas. Tye, Frankie Collins, 1801. 


Jos. Underwood, WinnieHenderson, '82. Dan. Updykf . Ruth Heaton, 1799. 
Amiss Updyke, Sarah Updyke, 1821. Lewis Utz, M:>,ry Carpenter, 1790. 
Jno. Utz, Eliz. Christler, 1788. ThompsonUttc.-back.Bet. Vaughan,'.09 


Jere. Vau^han, May Grreen, 1809. 
Russell Vauffhan, Eliz. Hill, 17i)l. 
Peter Vandike, Anne Stout, 171)1. --^ 
Jesse Vaughter, Eliz. Watts, 1791. 
Fred. VisCarver, Fran. Krowning-, '("i. 

Jno. VauKhan, Pegf^y Tobiii, 1807. •* 
Olion Vaughan, Lilly Brown, 1831. 
Jesse VanHorn, Eliz. PuUiam, 1814. 

Anthony Vernion, Fran. Quinn, 179(5. 


Wui. Waddle, Eliz. Haywood, 1792. 
Greensly Waggoner, Sarah Mitchell, \S6. 
Thos. Walden, Lucy Hughes, 1794. 
John Waldridge, Millie Hendrick, '0."i. 

Walker, Polly Perry, 1808. 

John Walker, Jr., Eliz. Parsons, 1830. 
Robt. Wall, Fannie Parsons, 1787. 

Wm. Wall, Mary Wall, . 

Wni. Wallace, Eliz. Yates, 1806. 
Wm. Wallis, Mildred Walker, 1791. 
Wm. Ward, Polly W. Strother, 1805. 
Jacob Ward, Sallie Quinn, 1788. 
Wm. Ward, Marg. Keys, 1816. 
Moses Washburn, AgathaEthenton,'93. 
Rob. Watts, Susannah Lewis, 1788. 
Adam Wayland, Judah Burke, 1808. 
Joshua Wayland, Anne W^ard, 1793. 
Fran. Weakley, Mary Berry, 1804. 
Mathias Weaver, Eleanor Wayland, '91. 
Caleb Webb, Fannie Ofosney, 1799. 
Aug. Weeden, Eliz. Farmer, 1795. 
Jas. Wetherspon, Mary (iin, 1788. 
Jno. Wharton, Nancy Butler, 1805. 
Jno. AVharton, Eliza Colvin, 1833. 
Dan. Wheatley, Susannah Cooper, "00. 
John Wheeler, Alice Hawford, 1793. 
Reuben White, Polly Parsons, 1807. 
Galen White, Mildred Alexander, 1783. 
Jno. White, Lucy Waggoner. 1795. 
Jno. Whitehead, Marg. Peyton, 1801. 
Jno. Whitehead, Eliz. Routt, 1794. 
Cor. Whitescarver, Eliz. Browning, '04. 
Jno. Whitesides, Katie Coons, 1789. 
Wm. Whyly, Nancy Pulham, 1787. 
Jno. Wigginton, Mary M. Bell, 1795. 
Reynolds Wilhoite, Lucy Towles, 1815. 
Wm. Wilhoite, Anna Clore, 1787. 
Mich. Wilhoite, Jemimah Lucas, 1789. 
Wm. Wilks, Anne Adams, 1794. 
Thos. R. Williams, Marian Brown, '99. 
Thos. AVilliams, Mary Mozingo, 1806. 
Jno. Willis, Edna Bragg, 1802. 
Jno. Willis, Jane Dogan, 1786. 
Edward Willis, Frances Towles, 1787. 
Rob. Willis, Emi;y H„dson, 1824.* 

Thos. Waggoner, Mary Garnett, 1786. 
Geo. Waite, Mary Haynes, 1787. 
Peter Waldridge, Fannie Blackwell,'07. 
Lawson Wale, Lucy Thornton, 1791. v ' 
Jas. Walker, Jemimah Yager, 1793. 
Benj. Wall, Lucy Pinnell, 1793. 
Wm. Wall, Katy Margin, 1798. 
Rich. Wall, Sukie Vermon, 1790. 
Oliver Wallis, Anna Wright, 1795. 
Elias Walters, Sallie Gaunt, 1799. 

Wm. Ward, Sarah Vermon, 1782. 
Jas. Ward, Fran. Jenkins, 1789. 
Geo. W. Ward, Susan W. Fishback,'20. 
Wm. Waters, Mary Brown, 1787. 
Jno. Watts, Sallie Sebree, 1788. 
Joshua Wayland, Rachel Utz, 1781. 

Harman Wayman, Fran. Clore, 1793. 

Wm. Weakley, Susan Sisk, 1814. 
Lewis Webb, Nellie Threlkeld, 1807. 
Aug. Webb, Lucy Crittenden, 1788. 
Isaiah Welch, Agnes Hawkins, 1795. 
Bev. Wharton, Judith Clatterbuck,'04. 

Jno. Wharton, Eliz. Smith, . 

Wm. Wheatley, Susannah Grigsby,'92. 
Thornton Wheatley, Sallie Miller, 1817. 
Geo. Wheeler, Lydia Calvert, 1794. 
Jas. White, Anne Buckhan, 1810. 
Thos. White, Mildred Graves, 1788. 
Jere. White, Rachel Herndon, 1790. 
Vincent Whitehead, Eliz. Clifton, 1791. 
Nelson Whitehead, Eliz. Coleman, '93. 
Rob. Whitescarver,SallieBrowning,'09. 
Perrin Whitney, Mary Whitehead, '16. 
Wm. Wiatt, Fran. Levell, 1811. 

Wm. Wilhoite, Eliz. Weaver, 1806. 
Lewis Wilhoite, R. Blankenbaker, '87. 
Jno. Wilhoite, Jennie Story, 1794. 
Moses Wilhoite, Anne Hume, 1789. 
Alex. Williams, Nancy Price, 1809. 
Jos. Williams, Eliz. Settle, 1795. 
Elijah Williams, Mary Holland, 1831. 
Moses Willis, Susannah White, 1791. 

Chas. Willis, Lucy Shelton, 1794. 
Thos. Willis, Mary Wood, 1818. 
Joshua Willis, Arcv Willis, 1815. 


Isaac Wilson, Rliz. Cooke, 1793. 
Isaac Wilson, Anna Garnett, 1798. 
Thos. Winsor, Lydia Hasby, 1802. 
Jas. Wise, Sallie Ethrington, 1806. 
Manning Wise, Eliz. Barboiir, 1793.a^ 
Cuthbert Wise, Mavy Thornton, 1816. 
Peter Witham, Mary Dieken, 1790. 
Mathias Withers, Cath. Spencer. 1794. 
Peter Woniack, Cresser Utterback,'86. 
Wm. Wood, Frances Browning, 1803. 
Jos. Woodard, Belvey Bowling, 1808. 
Win. Woodard, Susannah Hisle, 1791. 
Geo. Woodard, Nancy Chilton, 1810. 
Chas. Woodard, Sallie Hisle, 1811. 
Chas. Woodard, Nancy Frazier, 1815. 
Rich. Wright, Anne Story, 1793. 
Rich. Wright. Anne Smith, 1799. 
Nath. Wright, Clary Baldick, 1813. 

Sam. Wilson, Nancy Sutherland,- 1790. 

Pres. Wilson, Eliz. Mason, 1817. 

Wm. Winnard, Rebecca Eleason, 1821. 

Jno. Wise, Dolly Morriss, 1797. 

Wm. Wise, Lucy Etherton, 1816. 

Alex. Wisher, Eliz. Doores, 1816. 

Jno. Weatherall, Eliz. Chapman, 1788. 

Elijah Withers, Jemimah Hudnell, '99. 

Alex. Womax, Jemijah Steptoe, 1808. 

Wm. Wood, Mary Anne Clarke, 1790. 
Wm. Woodward, Uusilla Jenkens, 1834. 
Wm. Woodard, Anne Barnhisle, 17j93. 

Jas. Woodard, Anne Young, 1800. 

Jno. Wc /dard. Polly Martin, 1815. 
Jno. Wright, Fresey Corbin, 1809. 

Chas. Wright, Polly Holmes, 1796. 

Chas. U. Wright, Lucy Mason, 1801. 

Jos. Yager, Sallie Chich, 1806. 
John Yager, Marg. Wilhoite, 1791. 
Elisha Yager, Eliz. Yager, 1786. 
Adam Yager, Anne Dieken, 1792. 
Nich. Yager, Jemimah Yager, 1790. 
Nath. Yager, Betsey Hudson, 1789. 
Lud. Yancey, Eliz. Jeffries, 1792 
Geo. Yates, Polly Browning, 1800. 
Ben. Yates, Alice Fennell, 1803. 
Abner Yates, Clara Smith, 1795 
Warner Yates, Eliz. Baxter, 1789. 

Jno. Yager, Anna Cabler, 1809. 
Nich. Yager, Anne Wayland, 1785. 
Jno. Yager, Hannah Yager, 1786. 
John Yager, Anne Carpenter, 1790. 
Ephraim Yager, Sarah Rodeheifer, '91. 
Birkett D. Yancey, Mil. Menefee, 1803. 
Jas. Yates, Polly Browning, 1812. 

Geo. Yates, Eliz. Browning, 1793. 

Wm. Yates, Isabella Gaines, 1786. 

Fran. Yates, Peggy Hughes, 1798. 

Boswell P. Yates, C. A. Gaines, 1813. 

Wm. Yates, Eliz. Lillard, 1813. ^Ja^^^^Jh: Garnet Yates, Fran. Yates, 1815. 
Ben. Yates, Eliz. Jury, 1817. Warner Yates, Mild. J. Men fee, 1819. 

Benj. Young, Sarah Williams, 1809. Sam. Young, Marg. Rogei-s, 178». 
Clias. Young, Sallie Mayer, 1791. Sam. Young, Mary Coons, 1786. 

/ Yowell, Sallie Chilton, 1808. Wm. Yowell, Lucy Shipp, 1791. 

Wm. Yowell, SemphroniaWilhoite, '21. Wesley Yowell, Jatsey Tucker, 1824. 
Benj. Yager, Anna Chistler, 1790. 

Wm. Zachary, Anne Rice, 1787. 
John Zimmerman, Eliz. Fewel, 1791. 
Mich. Zimmerman, Eliz. Huffman, '91. 

Reub. Zimmerman, Eliz. Zigler, 1785. 
Dan. Zimmerman, Mary Carter, 1794, 



From various sources, all of which we consider most reliable and accurate, 
the publishers have gathered the following information, which is ajipended 
in a condensed form. We have endeavored to give all the possible data that 
could be obtained, in which Culpeper people, or descendants of Culpeper peo- 
l)le. might be interested. 


1700 to 1890. 

Paul Micou, b. 1658, d. 1736, a Huguenot, left his home at Nantes soon af- 
ter the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685.) 

After some years of exile, probably in B]ngland, he finally settled on the 
RappahaTHiock River, in Essex Co., before 1(595. His wife (maiden name sup- 
loosed, but without evidence, to be Margaret Roy or LeRoy) and his children 
accompanied hiiu. Accounts vary as to his profession; judging from this 
clause in his will: "I give my friend, Dr. Mungo Roy, all my physick books and 
a gold ring," he was a physician. On the other hand, the fact that he was a 
Justice of the Peace as early as 1700, seems to point to his having some knowl- 
edge of law. The author of "The Huguenot Emigration to Virginia," in the 
Va. Hist. Collections, states that he was educated to the Bar. He served as 
Justice of the Pejwe in Essex county, from 1700 to 1730; his son, Paul, from 1740 
to 1760; and his grandson, Paul, from 1780 to 1799. He judiciously invested in 
land and slaves, owing at the time of his death, in addition to the Port Micou 
estate, large tracts of land in King (-reorge Co., in PeAvmansand, and 800 acres 
in Spotsylvania County. 

Bishop Meade, in his "Old Churches, Ministers aud Families of Vii'ginia," 
mentions Rev. Wm. Giberne, who became minister of Lunenburg Parish, 
Richmond county, in 1763, and adds "he married a daughter of Moore Faunt 
LeRoy and Margaret Micou. Her father was Paul Micou, a Huguenot who 
fled from Nantes before 1700." "At the old Port Micou estate on the Rappa- 
hannoc^k, may still be seen the large, heavy ironstone or black marble head- 
stone of this Paul Micou, the first of the name who came into this country. By 
reason of its weight and the lightness of the soil, it sinks every few years 
somewhat beneath the earth but is raised up again." Rev. P. Slaiighter, in 
his "Memoirs of Col. Joshua Fry," says "('ol. Fry married the widow of Col. 
Hill, a large landed proprietor on the Rappahannock River. Her maiden 
naiue was Mary Micou, and she was a daughter of Paul Micou, physician and 
surgeon, a Huguenot exile from France. Another of his daughters married 
Lunsford liomax, the grandfather of Judge John F. Lomax of Fredericksburg, 
Va. Another daughter married Moore Faunt IjcRoy, a man of mark in his 
day, antt the ancestor of the family of that name in Virginia." Pail, Micou's 
children were as follows: 

1. Paul Micou, who inherited tlieHomestead, Justice of the Peace for Essex 
county, from 1741 to 1700. He died a bachelor. 2. John Micou, 7U. Catherine 


Walker. Died 1754. O. James Micon. 4. Henry Micou. T). Mary Micou, in. 

1st. Col. John Hill, 2nd Col. Joshua Fry. 6. ]\Iarf?aret Mieou, m. Moore Faunt 

LeRoy. 7. Judith Mieou, m. Lnnsford Lomax. 8. Daufjrhter, m. Scott, 

issue: Paul and Margaret. 9. Daughter m. Rev. Mr. Waddell, the blind 


[Note: The names in parenthesis or brackets denote the line of descent.] 
John Mioou (Paul), m. Catherine Walker. Died 1754. Left issue: 
1. Paul m. Jeanne Roy. 2. John. 3. Richard m. Anne Boutwell. 4. Hen- 
ry ra. Anne Hill. 5. William. 6. Clara m. Brooke. 7. Margaret. 8. 

Catherine m. Dr. Mungo Roy. 9. James. 


Paul Micou (John, Paul), m. Jeanne Roy died 1799, issue: 
■■ ■• 1. Paul m. Mary Lee. 2. Catherine. 3. John ju. Sarah Brooke. 4. Jeanne 
Roy, m. Walker Roy. 5. James Roy, m. Fanny Mathews. 

Richard Micou, (John, Paul), settled in Caroline Co., Va. He m. Anne 
Boutwell, issue: 

1. William m. Martha Ann Chatfield. 3. Henry. 3. John. 4. Samuel. 5. 
Catherine, m. John Garrett. 6. Margaret m. Thos. M. Barnett. 7. Anna lii. 
Mr. Hudson. 8. Richard. 

Hexry Micou, (John, Paul), ra. Anne Hill, issue: 1. Henry. 2. Beatrix. 3. 

»^ Paul Micou, (Paul, John, Paul), m. Mary Lee. On the death of Paul 
Micou (4th) the Port Mieou estate was sold out of the family. He died in 1821, 

1. Albert Roy m. Bettie M. Micou, dau. of Jas. Roy Micou. 2. Paul m. 
Fanny M. Micou, dau. of Jas. Roy Mieou. 3. John H. m. C. C. Wood. 4. Ma- 
ria m. Rev. John Micou, son of John and Sarah (Brooke) Micou. 5. Felicia, m. 
Tupman. G. Susan. 7. Betsy. 

JoHX Micot^ (Paul, John, Paul), m. Sarah Brooke of "Farmers' Hall," 1789. 
died 1848. He moved to Winsten county, Mississippi, issue: 

1. John m. Maria Micou, dau. of Paul and Mary (Lee) Micou. 2. Wm. F. 
m. Betsy Denholm. 3. Maria. 4. Susan m. Eugene Ferris. 5. Lucym. Eugene 
Ferris. 6. Harriet m. Eugene Ferris. 

James Roy Micou, (Paul, John, Paul), and Jeanne Micou m. Fanny Math- 
ews, issue: 

1. James Roy m. Ellen H. Jones. 2. Wm. F. m. Fannie Mc(^lanahan. 3. 
Maria. 4. Fannie m. Paul Micou, son of Paul and Mary (Lee) Micou. 5. Bet- 
ty m. Albert Roy Micou son of Mary (Lee) Micoii. (5. Jeanne. 7. John P. 8. 
Eleanor R. 9. Ann O. L. 

William Micou, (Richard, John, Paul,) and Anne (Boutwell) Micou, was 
born in Caroline county, 1774. Left Virginia in 1795 and settled at Augusta, 
Ga. He died there in 1834. He married there, Martha Ann Chatfield, 1804. 
Her pai'ents were from New Haven, Coini. Issue: 

1. Caroline Margaret,b. 1803. 2. Wm. Chatfield, 1). 1807, m. Annie Davenjiort 
Thompson (Burkett Davenport Thomjison, Hon. Philip Rootes Thompson, 
Rev. John Thompson). 3. Matilda Ann, b. 1809 m. Geo. W. Morgan. 4. Mar- 
garet Camilla, b. 1810 m. Abnor Standish Washburn. 5. Ellen Harriet, b. 1812, 
m. Andrew (t. Bull. fi. Henrv Oswell b. 1S14, m. Martha M. Taliaferro. 7. 

Geo. WashinKton h. 1816, d. 1823. 8. Clias. Edwin, b. 1818, d. 1840. 9. Catherine 
Adeline, b. 1819, in. Frederick AV. Jordan in 1836. 10. Clara Elizabeth, b 1821, 
m. her cousin, Thomas M. Barnett, in 1845. 11. Martha Augusta, b. 1823, m. 
1st. Wheaton Baker 1851, 2nd. Burkett D. Fry of V'^irginia, at San Francisco, 
Cal., July 1853. He was the son of Thornton Fry (Rev. Henry Fry, Col. Joshua 
Fry), and Eliza Thompson, (Hon. Philip Rootes Thompson, Rev. John 
Thompson). 12. Benjamin Hall, b. 1825, m. 1st Lucy Barnett, 2nd Mary J. C. 
Sims. 13. George b. 1828, d. 1836. 14. Isaac Mix, b. 1830 m. Sarah V. Roberts. 

Henry Micou, (Richard, John, Paul), and Annie (Boutwell) Micou, wife's 
name unknown; issue: 

1. William Henry m. Caroline Cheathem. 2. Richard. 3. Jane, m. Green 

FIFTH ge:neration. 

■^ Albert Roy Micou, (Paul, Paul, John, Paul,) and Mary (Lee) Micou, m. 
Bettie, dau. of Jamee Roy and Fannie M. Micou. Issue: 

1. Albert Roy, Editor of "Tidewater Times," Md. Has two children. 2. 
Nannie B. m. Davies. 3. AVilliam. 

Paul Micou, (Paul, Paul, John, Paul.) and Mary (Lee) Micou, m. Fannie, 
dau. of James Roy and Fannie M. Micou. Issue: 

1. Frances m (tco. Stark. 2. Stella. 3. James. 

John H. Micou, (Paul, Paul, John, Paul), Mary L. Micou, m. C. C. Woods. 

1. Edgar. 2. M. E. Micou, m. Bougham. 3. Olympia. 4. Kate 

Carter, m. John Micou, son of John and Sarah Micou. 5. Mai'ia m. John 
Micou, son of John and Sarah Micou. 

John Micou, (John, Paul, John, Paul,) and Sarah (Brooke) Micou, m. his 
cousin Maria, dan. of Paul and Mary Lee Micou. Issue: 

1. Eliza. 2. Ellen. 3. Rebecca. 4. Mary, moved to Mississippi. 

William F. Micou, (John, Paul, John, Paul,) and Sarah Brooke Micou, 
m. Betsy Denholm. Issue. 

1. Susan Lee m. Dr. L. Reese. 2. Wm. I). 3. Thos. B. m. Julia Mosely. 
4. John. 5. Margaret. 

James Roy Micou, (James Roy, Paul, John, Paul.) b. 1807, m. Ellen H. 
Jones and settled in Essex Co., where he was clerk for 57 years. Died in 1892. 

1. James Roy, died. 2. Fannie B. m. Tom Roy of Spottsylvania Co. 3. 
Philip. 4. Namiie. 5. Susan. 6. Ellen. 7. Rosa G., m. G. D. Nicolson. 8. 
James Roy, m. Roberta Morrison, dau. of Prof. Morrisoii, of William and Mary 
College. James Roy Micou is now Professor in Washington College, Chester- 
town Md. 

William Chatfield Micou, b. 1807, (William, Richard, John, Paul,) m. 
Anna Davenport Thompson (Burkett Davenport, Hon. Philip Rootes. Rev, 
John Thompson) Feb. 1831. He was educated at the U. of Ga., studied law, 
and in 1835 removed to New Orleans, where he rose rapidly in his profession, 
>)ecoming one of the most eminent members of the New Orleans Bar. He died 
in 1854. Issue: 

1. Thompson. 1). 1833, d. 1889. 2. Susan Virginia, b. 1836, m. 1st George P. 
Ring, issue: Willie and Rita, m. 2nd her cousin Andrew Glassell, of California. 
Died 1895. 3. William, b. 1838 d. young. 4. Augustine S., b. 1841, d. 188S. 5. 
Willie Annie, b. 1843, m. I. Tharpe. 6. Philip Rootes, b. 1845, d. 1858. 7. Rich 
ard Wilde, 1848. m. Mary Dunnica in 1872. 8. Henry, died young. 9. William 
Henry, b. 1853, m. Susan Turrentin. 

Henry Oswell Micou, (William, Richard, John, Pauli m. Martha M. Tal- 
iafen-o 1835. Issue: 


1. Mary in. Dr. Geo. W. McDude. 2. David F. 3. Wm. Henry, in. Mary 
Phinizy, issue: Augusta Louise. 4. Emily Augusta. 
_ ,,,r- Bkxjamix Hai.l Micou, (William, Kieliard, John, Paul,) settled in Tallas- 
see, Ala., where his uncle, Thos. M. Barnett, and his cousin and brother-in-law, 
Thomas M. Barnett Jr., had develoi)ed the water power on the Tallapoosa 
River. He became identified with them in the establishment of large cotton 
mills. He died 1887. He m. Ist his cousin, Lucy A. Barnett. Issue of first 

1. Clara E. m. Frank S. Boykin, issue: Marshall Boykin. 2. Lucy B. m. Ed- 
ward F. Noble, issue: two sons. 

He married 2nd Mary J. O. Sims, issue: 

1. Benjamin, m. Ella HerV>ert, dan. of Col. Hillary Herbert. 

Isaac Mix Micoi, (William, Richard, John, Paul,) m. Sarah V. Roberts. 

1. Benjamin. 2. Ruth A. m. Joel Barnett. 3. Paul Isaac. 

William Hknry Micou, (Henry, Richard, John, Paul), m. Caroline 
Cheathem. Issue: 

1. John. 2. Greo. Robert. 3. Caroline m. Mr. Clark. 4. Frank. 


Richard Wildk Micou, (William C, William, Richard, John, Paul,) was 
born in New Orleans in 1848. He was educated at the Universities of Georgia 
and AlaV)ama. After the war he went abroad, and studied at the Universities 
of Erlangen, Bavaria, and of Edinburg, Scotland. He was ordained to the 
dia(;onate in 1870. Was advanced to the priesthood in his first joarish at 
Franklin, La. 1872. In 1>*74 he took charge of St. Paul'^ Church, Kittanning 
I'enn., and in 1877 accejited a call to Trinity Church, Waterbury, Conn. In 
1892, Mr. Micou accepted a call to the Chair of Systematic Divinity, in the 
Philadelphia Divinity School. While there he received the degree of Doctor 
,of Divinity, From Kenyon College, Ohio. In 1898. he was called to the same 
. Chair in the Theological Senn"nary, Alexandria, Va., and removed there the 
same year. In 1872 he married ]Mary Dunnica, dau. of Granville Price Dunni- 
ca and Mary Ann Bagley; issue: 1. Granville R. born 187G, graduated at the 
I Diversity of Pennsylvania with honors in 18JM). Graduated at the Virginia 
Theological Semin:'ry in 1899. Ordained Deacon 1899 (h-dained Priest 1900 by 
Bishoj) Nelson of (ra., in whose Diocese he is Missionary. 2. Richard Dunni- 
ca, b. 1882: 3. Paul, l)urn 188.^); 4. Marg-aret, born 18S(i. 

Wm. Hkmiy Micou, (Wm. C, William. Richard, John, Paul,) educated at 
the Uni. of the South, in now Secretary and Treasurer of the Tallassee Falls 
Mfg. Co., Montgomery, Ala, He married in 1879, Susie E. Turrentine : issue.: 
1. Morgan Turrentine, born, 1879. 2. William (Jhatfield, born 1883. 

Wm. IlKXitY Micou, (Heru-y O.. William, Ri(^hard, Jolni, Paul.l m. Mary 
Phinizy; issue: Augusta Louise, l)orn 1H7(). 

Bkn.j. Micou, (Benj. H., AVilliam, Richard. John, Paul,) after graduating 
at the University of the South, and taking a law course at the University of 
Va., was admitted t(» the Bar. For a time he was City Attorney of Anniston, 
Ala. About 1893, he was appointed Chief Clerk of the Navy Dept. He is now 
in the law firm of Herbert & Micou, Washington. 

He married Ella Herbert, dau. of Col. Hillary Herbert, Sec. of the .Navy, 
issue : Hillary Herbert, Benjamin, Cresswell. 

Gko. Robkut Micou, (William H., Henry, Ricliard," John, I'aul,) issue 
George Robert, born 188(!, Frank Lamar, born 1888, and several daughters. 

Cathkhink Adklixe Micou, (William, Richard, John, Paul,) m. Fred.W. 
Jordan. l'^3<). Iss: 1. Annie Eliza m. Dr. Phillii)s; 2. Martha: 3. George, lu. Liz- 


zie Rambo; 4. Reuben, m. Lucy Barnett: 3. Henry ; 6. William; 7. Fred. 8. 
Kate m. Dr. Phillips ; 9. Walter; 10. Burkett Fry; 11. Mary Ellen, m W. N. 
Hampton; 12. Clara in. B. P. Richards. 


Daniel Grinnan, Sr., b. Accomac County, Va., 1739; removed to Culpeper 
and settled on Cedar Run, near MitchelTs Sta. He served in the Revolution- 
ary war under G-en. Edward Stevens, in a Virginia brigade. His eldest son, 
John, was in tlie quartermaster's department of the same brigade. His other 
children were Daniel Jr., and Sally. 

John Grinnan m. Stuart, and had Williaiu, who m. 1st. Shepherd, of Or- 
ange; 2nd Elizabeth Welch, and had James Shepherd, Welch, Archibald, C. S. 
A., Oswald, d. in Ala., and Elizabeth, m. Lewis Porter Nelson, of Culpeper. 

Daniel Grinnan Jr., m. Helen Huchan Glassell, of " TorthoM'-ald," Madison 
. County, who was his second wife, he having m. Eliza Richards Green, dau. of 
Timothy Green, who came from the North and settled at Fredericksburg. By 
his second marriage he had 1. Robert Alexander who m. Robertine Temple, 
and had Robert Temple, Helen Glassell and Walter Alexander, 2. Andrew 
Glassell. who m. Georgia Screven Bryan, and had Randolijh Bryan, m. Louisa 
Arlena Leet, Daniel, Elizabeth Coalter, Cornelia Stuart, Andrew Glassell, St. 
Geo. Tucker, Jno. Coalter and Georgia Bryan; 3. Daniel Morton ; 4. Eliza 
Richards ; 5. Cornelia ; (i. Helen Mary; 7. Daniel. 

James Grinnan, son of William, m. Belle Ham, lived in Texas, and had 
Jas. Frederick, Lewis Porter, Libbie, Lucile, Helen, Belle, Kate and 

William Welch, bro. of above Jas., m. Ann Wheatley, of Culpeper, and had 
Howell, m. Tamar Gibbs, of Tyler, Texas; Mandeley, Archibald, Mary, Eliza- 
beth, m. Alexander Kelly, of Fauquier; Nannie; Margaret, m. Horace Chilton, 
V. S. Senator from Texas ; Kate and Belle. 

Mary Elizabeth, dau. of William, m. Lewis Porter Nelson, and had Claude, 
William Porter, Henry Blackwell, George Archibald, Arthur Braxton, Lewis 
Porter, Lizzie Edmondson, m. R. G. Pace, of Danville; Kate Davis, m. Shelton 
.^ F. Leake, of Texas; Maggie Belle, m. W. G. Neal, oTTTichmond : and Lucille. 


The first of the name wjio came to Va., was Jas. Somerville, b. Glasgow, 
Feb. 23,1742; located at FredericksV)urg,and became a wealthy merchant: d. at 
Port Royal, April 3.5, 1798, having no heir of his body, and leaving his estate 
to his neijhew James, son of Walter and Mary (Gray) Somerville, of Scotland, 
who was b. in Glasgow in 1777; d. Aug. 29, 1858. He came to Virginia in 17i)o, 
and took possession of his inheritance, settling at " Somervilla,'" on the Rapi- 
dan, in 1810; he m. Mary Atwell, of Fauquier, who d. Fel). 14, 184.0. 


Col. AVm. Ball, b. Kilo, d. 1080, m. Hannah Atlierold, in London, l(i3s, and 
had among others, J()sei)h, who m. 1st. Elizabeth Romuey, 2nd. Mrs. Mary 

Joseph Ball, of "Epping Forest," by his marriage with Elizabeth Romney, 
had, among others, Hannah, m. Raleigh Travers; by his marriage with Mi-s. 
Johnson ; he had Mary, who m. Augustine Washington, and was the mother 
of Gen. Geo. Washiu^ton. 

Raleigli Tnners n. . Hannah Ball, and had Elizabeth, who m. John Cooke. 

Travers Cooke, son of John, m. Mary, dau. of Mottram Doniphan, and had 
Col. John Cooke, of "West Farms," Stafford, who lu. Mary Thompson, dau. of 
George Mason, of " Gunston Hall." Million, dau. of Col. Jno. Cooke, of "West 
Farms," m. Hon. John W. Green, of Culpeper, of the Virginia Court of Ap- 
peals, and had Jno. Cooke, m. Morton; Thomas Claiborne, m. McDonald; Jas. 
Williams, m. McDonald; George Mason, m. 1st. Ashby, 2nd. Lockwood ; and 
Lucy Williams, died single. 

Sarah Mason, dau. of Col. John Cooke, of "West Farms," m. Ist. Cary 
Selden; 2nd Dr. Robert O. Grayson, by whom she had Dr. John Cooke Gray- 
son, of Stevensburg, Culpeper county, and Robert O. Grayson, of Culpeper. 

Gen. Geo. Mason Cooke, son of John and Mary Thompson (Mason) Cooke, 
m. Agatha Eliza Eustace, and had, among others, Tabitha Virginia, who m. 
John T. Grasty, of Orange county. 

Capt. Wm. Ball, son of Col. Wm., m. Miss Harris (she being his second 
wife — he married 3 times), of Northumberland, and had James, who m. Mary 
Conway Dangerlield, widoAV of John Dangerfield. Jeduthun, son of James, m. 
Elizabeth Burgess, dau. of Charles Burgess, of England, and had Col. Burgess 
Ball, of Spottsylvariia and Loudon counties, who was a Lt. Col. in the Conti- 
nental Army. Col. Burgess Ball m. Frances Washington, dau. of Col. Charles 
and Mildred Thornton Washington, and a niece of Gen. Washington. Martha 
Dandridge, dau. of Col. Burgess Ball, was the first wife of Col. Jonathan Cat- 
lett Gibson, of Culpeper, and is buried in St. Stephen's Episcopal church yard, 
Her two daughters were Frances Ann and Martha Dandridge Gibson. Col. 
Gibson's second wife was Mary Williams Shackelford. 

Frances Ann, daughter of Col. Jonathan Catlett Gibson and Martha 
Dandridge Ball, m. J. C. Burt having Anna, who m. Aylette Hawes Buckner 
who now lives in Rappahannock county. 

Mildred Thornton Ball, dau. of Col. Burgess Ball, m. Wm. Mills Thomp- 
son, a vestryman of St. Mark's Parish, and was the mother of Hon. Richard 
W. Thompson, Secretary of the Navy under Pres. Hayes. 


Captain John AshV)y, of ;U-d. Va. Reg., Continental line, 1775 — 1783, b. 
Fauquier about 1750, m. Miss Turner; had San^uel, who m. dau. of Col. Clark- 
son, and had 1. John Henry, 3. Jamison, m. Adams, having Luther, 

Henry and Scott, all living in^ Fauquier in 1889; 3. Wm. Clarkson; and five 
daus., Wm Clarkson Ashby m. Miss Strother and has descendants in Culpeper 

John Ashby, son of Capt. John, m. Miss Smith, and had William, Shirley 
and Wirt. Nimrod, son of Capt. John, m. Miss Adams, and had Albert, died 
single; Nimrod, has children in Fauquier; a:id.Samuel T., wtwj m. Miss Chinn 
and liad Bernard, Hunter, Norman, Mrs. Grace Houck, Mrs.^ Mackall, Mi-s. 
Lambert, Mrs. Johnson . Mrs. Birney, and Samuel T. 

Capt. John Ashby was the son of Col. John Ashby, b. ,1707, d. 1797, and 
Jean Combs, whom he m. May, 11, 1741. Col. A. , was :captain 2B:d. Co.^.Va. 
Rangers, Oct. 21, 1755. Gen. Daniel Morgan Avas a private in his'company. He 
was with Washington during the Braddock Campaign. "He bore Washing- 
ton's dispatches, containing the news of Braddock's defeat, from Winchester 
to Williamsburg, and returned with Gov. Dinwiddle's reply before the English 
commander supposed he had started on his journey. A letter from Williams- 
burg, June 2, 1774, says that at the battle of Pt. Pleasant the li dians had kill- 
ed the noted Capt. Ashby, who, in the last war, brought tl.e first account of 
Braddock's defeat to this city with amazing expedition." 


THE YA>'CEY Family. 

The first irace we have of this family is that four Welehmen, Charles, 
Wilham, Joel and Robert Yancey, who came to Vir^inia,in 1643, with Sir Wm. 
Berkley, afterwards Governor,and settled in the James River rej?ion and pros- 
pered. From one of the original four was descended Lewis Davis Yancey, who 
settled in Culpeper county about 1710: married Mildred, daughter of Charles 
Kavanaugh, of Irish parentage, who owned a large land estate of 40,000 acres 
in said county. Tliis tract extended westward and above the Beverly line up 
Muddy Run to Judge P^ield's Mills, across by T"oor Town to (iibson's Mill on 
Mountain Run. A portion of this land he bequeatlic:! to his daughterMildred, 
which portion has never been out of the Yancey family, and is still owned by 
Benjamin M. Yancey, a great grandson of Lewis Davis and by Jas. Wm. Y'an- 
cey, a great great grandson. Lewis Davis lived and wns buried on the estate 
of the latter, "Arlington." From the "(Crawford Book"' we have, "John Y''an- 
cey came from Wales about the middle of tlie ITth century;" then there must 
have been another brother. 

Ch. of John Yancey: 1. Charles m. Mile. Dumas. 2f. Leighton moved to 
Rockingham county, o. Bartlett to N. C. 

(,'harles m. Mile. Dumas. Ch: 1. Capt Charles (1741. lS41)of Louisa county, 
m. Mary Crawford; 2. Rev. Robert (was ordained by the Bishop of London at 
his palace in Fulhani in Middlesex, 25th July, 1768 as an Episcopal Priest, 
there being no Bishop in this country under the colonial Grovernment. On 
his return from England he accepted the Parishes of Tillotston and Trinity in 
his native country, 1774. He was the first who preached in that section of the 
country the doctrine of universal redemjition.) He married Ann Crawford, 
dan. of David <>rawford. 

(Jh. of Capt. Chas. and Mary Crawford Yancey: 1. Ann, 2. Elizabeth m. Jos. 
Kiml)rough, 8. Unity, 4. Louisa Temperance, r>. Robert, 6. Mary, 7. Rhoda m. 
Rev. Wm. Crawford, 8. Joel Crawford, 9. David, 10. Wm. Crawford. 

Ch. of Jos. Kimbrough and Elizabeth Yancey: 1. Dr. Wm. 2. Unity m. Col. 
Edmund I'endleton, :>. Sarah m. Peter S. Barrett. 4. Maria D. m. Bickerton 
Winston, removed to Ky.. o. Capt. Chas. Y. m. Mary P. Honeyman, 6. Eliza- 
beth m. Dr. L. M. Ligm, 7. Susan H. m. Robt. H. Anderson.' 

C;h. of Rev. Roliert and Ann Crawford Yancey: 1. Betsey 1775, 2. Charles 

r; 70— 1857. 

Ma.j. Charles, son of Rev. Robert and Ann Yancey, born 1770 in Trinity 
l*arish, Louisa county, Va., removed to Buckingham county. He was known 
throughout tlie State as the "Wheel Horse of Democracy,'' and also had the 
«pbriquet of •'Duke of Buckingham." He married Nancy Spencer and had 1. 
Mary (Chambers m. (>)1. John Horsley, of Nelson county, 2. Francis Westbrook, 
;5. Elizabeth Aim m. 1st. Robt. Williams, of N. Y., 2nd. Richard Morris of Glou- 
cester, Va. 

Lewis Davis Yancey, a son of one of the original tour, as stated above ui. 
Mildred Kavanaugh and had nine children, John, Richard, Charles, Philip, 
Robert, James, Lewis, Nancy, and another daughter. ~" 

1. John settled in Rockingham county, ch: 1. Layton (was Lieut in "First 
^'ontinental Dragoons in Revolutionary War") m. Fanny Lewis, 2. Lvidwell, 8. 
John, 4. Fanny, 5. Polly. 

Ch. of Layton and Fanny Lewis Yancey are 1. Layton, 2. Col. Wm. Bur- 
bridge, 8. (Jharles, 4. John, 5. Albert, 6. Thomas, 7. Fannie, 8. Clarissa, 9. Ma- 
I'ia, and 10. Louisa. 

Col. Wm. Burbridge m. 1st. Mary Smith, 2nd. Mary Gibbons, ch. 1. Wnun 

Smith in. Geo. Oliver (.'oiirad (Harrisonbui-f^), 2. Capt. Thomas L. m. Marfjraret 
]Sewman, 3. Edward S. in. Fannie Mauzy, 4. Wni. Burbridge, (Capt. of Peaked 
Mountain Oreys, Civil war,) m. Victoria Winsborouf?h, 5. Chas. AlV)ert m. Ju- 
lia Morrison, of Cumberland, Md., G. Mary Frances, 7. Mai'f?ai-et J. m. Jo8. N. 
Mauzy, 8. Dr. Layton B. ni. Vir<?inia Hoi)kins, (McGaheysville, Va.), 9. John 
Gibbons m. Bennett Bradley, (Harrisonburf?). 

Ch. of Chas. (son of Layton), and Lucinda Moyers, 1. Charles, 2. Elizabeth 
m. Hudson, 3. Ann m. Thos. K. Hamsber<rer, 4. ColumVjia, 5. Fountain Talia- 

Fannie (Layton,) m. Wm. Price (Standardsville); Clarissa (Layton) m. Wm. 
Rhodes (Albemarle Co); Maria (Layton) m. Grans; Louisa (Layton) m. Thos. 

IL Richard (Lewis Davis), ch. 1. Henry, 2. Elizabeth m. Mr. Story, 3. Jvi- 
dith m. Daniel Field, 4. Agatha m. Benj. Pendleton. 

IIL Charles (Lewis Davis) m. Miss Powers (1740) of Eastern \'a., ch: L Ke«^ 
sia m. Geo. Freeman (Ky.), 2. Ann m. Geo. Doggett, (X. C), 3. William m. 
Miss Stone, 4. Thomas m. Sarah Mitchell, 17'.»il, .">. Charles, major, 1774—1^49, 
m. Susan Mitchell. (5. Jas. 

Ch. of Thomas and Sarah (Mitchell) Yancey m. ISOO. 1. Charles 1801—18(57 
m. Miss Withers and removed to Tennessee; 2. John William 1803—1894, m, 1834 
Jane Terrell, ch: Wuj. T., m. Nannie Stevenson, ch. William; 3. Elizabeth 180(j 
— 1841 m. Wm. Wigginton, ch. Sallie, Edmonia m. Henry Field, Benjamin m. 

removed to Mis.soui;!; Susan E., 4. James I'owers 1804 — 1884 m. 184"), 

Mary Coons, and had Jas. Wm., m. Florence Miller, ch. Ethel, James and W^m. 
5. Benjamin b. 1809 m. 1x39 (^atherine Banks, dan. of Di-. Wm. Tunstal Banks, 
of Madison C H., (>. Kesia Ann (1812—1881) m. Edward Lightfoot, 7. Susan. 

Ch. of Benj. Mitchell Yancey and Catherine (Banks Yancey). 

1. Pamela Somerville m. Capt. Joseph D. Br(»wn, ch: 1. Mary Catherine m. 
Rufus T. Carpenter, and had Stacy Harris, Jo.seph Daniel, Ellie Florence, 
Frank Hill and Leslie Pamela. 2. Lily Banks m. Thomas M. Henry, Atty. at 
Pittsburg, and had Lucy Maxwell, Pamela Brown. 3. Josei)hene m. J. Benj. 
Flippen, (Cumberland Co.) and had Sue Gray. Elise Josephene, Marjorie l*a- 
mela, 4. Benjamin Armistead m. Frances Todd Faunt J^eRoy, King and Queen 
county, and had Virginias Faunt Le Roy, .loseph Daniel, Juliet Faunt Lelloy. 
4. Andrew Edward, 0. Gertrude I^amehi m. John Bannister Spar- 
row, of Danville \'a., 7. Florence Armistead m. Oliver G. Flippen ^Cumberland 

2. Edward Duke. 

3. Dr. Chas. Kavanaugh, I'. S. X. 

4. Mary (;rinK)ra m. Jno. W. Payne ch. Mary Catherine, Emma Carsor, 
Fannie Keith, Crimora Yancey. 

5. Sallie Thomas m. Jno. W. Payne. 

IV. Philip (Lewis Davis) ch: 1. Lewis, 2. Philip, 3. Richard, 4. Jechanias, 5. 
Achilles, (*>. Robert, 7. Kavanaugh, 8. Polly m. Jones Menefee. 9. Delpha m. 
Henry Menefee, 10. Mary Ann m. Wm. Johnson. 

y. Robert (].,ewis Davis) m. Miss Holliday. He was a ('aptain in the Itevo- 
lutionary War. 

V^L James (Lewis Davis) was a Maj. in Gen. Greene's army in the Revolu- 
tionary War, and after the War he settled in Western South Carolina, and 
practised law; he in. a Miss Cudworth, of Charleston, and had Benj. Cuilworth 
Yancey m. Caroline Bird, dau. of Col. Wm. Bird, of the "Ariary," Warren (Jo. 
Ga., having Wm. Lowndes, (the "Orator of Secession," the -'Ih-e eater" as he 
waF termed in the inventive of those days), and Benjamin Cudworth. 


Win. Lowndes Yancey m. Sarah Caroline Earle, dau. ot Geo. Washington 

Earle, of 6a., and had 1. Col. Wni. Earle m. eh: Virginia m. Mr. 

Besson; 2. Ellen m. Hon, W. H. Skaggs; ;J. Mary m. Claude Preston Lewis; 4. 
Martha; 5. Eva Cubet; 6. Win. Lowndes; 7. Benjamin Cudworth; 8. Dalton 
Huger; 9. Groodloe Harper, 10. , wife of Jno. L. Harrett. 

VIL Lewis (Lewis Davis) eh. Greo., (j.irland, Mary ni. Tlioiiipson Tntt, 
Ibly m. Lewis Tutt 

VllL Nanc'V, (Lewis Davis) ni. Nalle. 

IX. daughter, (Lewis Davis) ni. Nalle. '. 


John Brown U). Elizabeth Brown, )his cousin; her mother was a Aliss (Jole- 
man), and had: I. John married 1st. Hallie Oxibbs 2nd. Phoebia Brown II. 
Capt. Daniel, received pension for servicer in Revolutionary war and was High 
Sheriff, m. Elizabeth Hill, dau. of Wm. Hill, and Miss Wood, his wife, and g. 
dau. of Russell Hill and Miss Towles, liis wife, of J\Iiddlesex Co. III. Thomas 
m. Susan Powell, of Prince Edward County. iV.. Wm. m. Miss Vaughan and 
moved to Tennes.see. 

Children of Daniel Brown and Elizabeth Hill, his wife: I. William m. 
Mary Gritlin. II. John m. Sarah Hill, ch.: 1. Wm. 3. Dr. Mordica m. Nancy 
Henry Hill. ;'.Adaline m. Rev. Dudley, and IumI LSalliera. li.ij. Staple8,4. Jane 
in. Col. Hamlin, Dinwiddle ccMinty, dau. Ella m. Henry Lovitt,ch. John, Harry, 
Jane. o. Armistead. (5. Sarah m. Bernard Todd, dau. Sarah m. Banks, Balti- 
more, ch. Ed. and Sarah. 7. Robert m. Sallie Walker, lives in Dinwiddle Co. 

III. Armistead m. Mary Ann Russell Meredith, of Middlesex County, dau, 
of Jos. Meredith and Mary Baptist, his wife, and had 

1. Capt. Joseph Daniel m. Pamela Soinerville Yancey, ch. Mary Catherine 
m. Rufus T. Carpenter, ch : Stacy Harris, Joseph Daniel, Ellie Florence,^ 
Frank Hill, Leslie Pamela. 2. Lily Banks m. Thomas M. Henry, Attorney, 
Pittsburg, ch. Lucy Maxwell, Pamela Brown. 8. Josephine m. J. Benj. 
Flippen. clerk, Cumberland Co. ch.: Sue Gray, Elise Josephine, Marjorie Pa- .^ 
mela. 4. Benjamin Armistead i:^. Frances Todd Faunt Le Roy, of King and 
(^ueen County, ch: Virginius Faunt Le Roy, Joseph Daniel, Juliet Faunt Le 
Roy. 0. Andrew Eilward. <i. Gertrude Pamela, in. John Bannister Sparrow. 
7. Florence Armistead m. Oliver G. Flippen, Treas. Cumb. Co. 

2nd. John Armistead. ord. Wm. Russell, 4th. Andrew J. 

5th. Caroline Elizabeth m. John James Porter, iirtist of Beaver, Pa. ch. 1. 
Wm. Armistead m. Nannie Francisco, ch.: Robt. Francisco. 2. Mary Eliza m. 
C. Louis Dohme, Chemist, Baltimore, ch.: Carolyn Louise. ?>. Frederick Eu- 
gene. 4. Ernest Clifton. 5. John James. 0. Eva Byron. 

IV. Thomas Coleman m. Frances Griffin, ^h: 1. Virginia Ann. 3. Martha 
ill. Will. Lewis, o. Emily m. Madison Duncan, ch.: Martha Hill, Edwina,Marj' 
Catherine, Julia, Ella, John, Bettie, Virginia, Olivia, Fannie, Edward. Frank-^ 
lin. 4. Jno. Wm. m. Miss Rector of Texas. 5. Julia Frances m. Robt. Coving- 
ton. (). Betsy Coleman. 7. Burgess m. Miss Lewis. 8. Mary Russell m. Rev. 
A. H. Spilman: ch.: 1. Hamilton. 3. Nellie m. Prof. R.W. Tinsley. 8. Coleman: 

V. Daniel m. Lucy Pov,-ell,of Prince Edward Co., and had. 1. Sarah Bum- 
brey; 2. Robert m. Susan Coons, ch.: Sallie Bumbrey, Charles m. Miss Button, 
Ryland. Roberta m. Smith, Jennie m. Henry Coons, Wm. Hill m. Daisy Hoff, 
S. Elizaberth Ann m. Jas. O. Harris, lived in Atlanta, ch.: Dr. Nathan, 
Olem 111. Mi*;s Dick, Dan. m. Miss Tucker, 4. Dr. Walter A. m. Jane Allen, 5. 
Armistead Hill m. Mit Chapman. 

VI. Russell. . ..- . 

VII. Fram-es m. Wm. Slaughter, ch: 1. Luoy m. Wabhinf^ton Pemlleton; 2. 
Elizabeth in. Mason Bohannon; 3. Daniel m. Mary Berry, 4. Frances lu. Wm. 
Robson, eh. Wm., John, James, Annie, 5. Catherine m. Wm. Armistead, ch. 
John Rinfrold, Luther, Annie, Edward, 6. Albert m. Miss Abbott. 

VIII. Mary Ann m. Newman Allen, ch: 1. Jane m. I3r. Walter Brown, 2. 
Elizabeth m. Edward Burgess, ch. Armistead, and Mary Catherine m. W. H. 
Eggborn, having Jackson m. Robert Jones, Armistead, Bessie m. Thomas Q. 
Thompson, 3. Walter m. Carrie Quaintance, eh. Carroll, Bessie, May, Reva, 4. 
Edward m. Lula Butler, of Baltimore, two children, 5. Jennie m. Gen. A. S. 
Roberts ch. Allen, 6. Ida m. Jacob S. Eggborn, ch. George, Elizabeth. 


The first member of the Thorn family, of whom we can trace any definite 
record was Alexander Thoiu, a native of Scotland, and of the Clan of Cameron 
in Invernesshire. 

He was born about 1720, and died in Westmoreland county, Va., 1788. 

He was an officer of rank an<l served under the ill starred banner of the 
the Royal Prince. Chas. Edward Stuart, at the fatal field of Colloden moore, 
April lOth, 174(5. 

After that dreadful disaster to the cause he was a refugee and came, as so 
many others, to America, where he settled in Westmoreland Co., Va., where 
lie afterwards married Miss Annie Triplett about 17()8; to them were born nine 
sons: John, Reuben, Geo., Allen and others. 

John Thorn was born al)out 1770 in the county of Westmoreland; he re- 
moved to Culpeper county, where he resided till his death. 

He was Col. of a regiment of Cul[)eper troops and commanded it during 
the second war of Independence 1812—1815. He served the State two or more 
terms in the General Assembly. He died 1855 ('!) in the quiet of his home at 
Berry Hill, at the ripe age of 85. He left a large estate which was devised by 
will mostly to his children. 

Co\. John Thom was twice married; first to Miss Lucy Lewis, of Essex Co., 
Va. ; to them were born John Catesby, who m. Miss Ada Donnman, and issue 
two sons: John (who dietl young), and William Taylor Thom. 

Lucy, the daughter of Col. John Thom and his wife Miss Lucy Lewis, mar- 
ried Mr. Wnj. Taylor, of I'oint C'onpa Parisli, Louisiatia, where they lived and 
died childless in ISCi — . 

The second wife of (Jol. John Thom was Miss Abigail DeHart Mayo, third 
daughter of Col. William Mayo, of Powhatan seat, Henrico county, and his 
his wife Elizabeth Poythress. By this marriage he had: tClizabeth Mayo, who 
m. Mr. Wm. Buckner Ross, of Bel Pre, Culpeper; they had five children. Dr. 
(ieorge Ross, of Richmond, Col. John DeHart, of Lexington, Lieut. Wm. Alex- 
ander, who was killed in the front of battle, leading a charge in 18H4, Judge 
Erskine Mayo now a U. S.. Circuit Judge in the State of ('alifornia. and Mary 
Cameron m. and lives in Riclimond. 

Janet Marion Thom, born 1818, married Mr. Bartholomew Labuzan, of Mo- 
bile, Ala.; issue; Charles, ('atesby, Pembroke, Anna and Elizabeth; they all re- 
side in the far South. 

Wm. Alexander Thom, born 1820, gradiuited in 1841 from the Medical Col- 
lege of Virginia. He was surgeon to the iWtli Va. Infantry in 1861, and later 
was on the staff of the Jackson Hospital, in Richmond, during the war. He 
married Miss Annie Parker, of Northampton Co.; and liadl. Wm., who married 
and died in 1894 leaving a widow and three children; 2. Al- 
fred, who m. and has a son, Alfred Jr., H. Marion E. 


Cameron Ei-skine, born 1825, niari'ied three times: lirst Miss Beach, second 

Miss Henrietta Hatliwell, third, lier sister Miss Belle Hathwell. He moved to 

California early in life, where he served that State in her legislature and other 

ci;)aeities. Of his children little is known in the East. 

Joseph Pembroke Thom, born 1838, (graduated in Medicine from the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. He served in the Mexican war, 1846, under General Wing- 
field Scott; he was afterwards surgeon in the U. S. Navy. At the outbreak of 
hostilities in 1801 he volunteered his services to his native State. While in 
temporary command of Wheat's batallion at the battle of Kernstown he was 
struck over the left breast by a minie ball, but as he was carrying a small tes- 
tament in his side pocket, the force was received on it, which saved his life. 

For many years he has been a resident of Baltimore, where he has been one 
of the Aldermen, also in the State Legislature, w'here he was Speaker in 1884. 
He married 1. Miss Ella Wi-ight, second Mrs. Catherine Reynolds, and had sev- 
eral children. Abby Mayo Thom, the youngest of the family of Col. John and 
Abigail DeHart (Mayo), was born December 23d, 1830, at Berry Hill, Culpeper. 

On June 13th. 1849, she married Mr. George Warren Fitzhugh, of Fauquier, 
She died Nov. 21, 1859. Issue:— 1. William DeHart, March 11, 1850; 2. Thomas 
Cameron, Nov. 27, 1851; 3. Elizabeth Bland, May 26, 1853 ; 4. John Alexander, 
Dec. 4, 1854; 5. Annie Blanc r^e, Oct. 25, 1850 ; 6. Eugene Mayo, Nov. 10, 1857 ; and 
7. Henry Thom, Nov. 20, 1859. 

Of these William DeHart married Miss Elizabeth Carter Grayson, Oct. 18, 
1871. Issue: — 1. Annie Blanche, m. H. E. Hanes ; 2. Roberta Alexandei-, m. W- 
C. Boswell ; 3. Mary Lee, m. J. C. Martin; 4. Pembroke Thom ; 5. Lena G.; 6. 
Wm. DeHart ; 7. John Grayson ; 8. Mayo McGill ; 9. Bessie Catlett ; 10. E. P.; 
11. Abby T. Thomas Cameron, lost at sea, 1871 ; Elizabeth Bland ; John Alex- 
ander, married Miss Agnes Allen Somerby,July 11, 1889, anclhad Marion Stuart, 
June 10, 1830, (died Dec. 23, 1893); Lena Grayson, Oct. 4./l8^ ; Beulah Thorn- 

ton, June 25, 1895. 


The first we know of the Hill family in this county were Russell and Need- 
less Hill, two brothers, who came from Middlesex county. Russell m. Miss 
Towles, of Middlesex, having Col. Harry, William and Fannie. 

I. Col. Harry m. Miss Powell, having : 1. Col. Robt., m. Judy Chapman- 

and had Win., m. SallieTutt ; Robt., m. Miss Hume; Ann, m. Booton, Pol. 

ly ; Fannie, m. Thompson, of Albemarle ; 2. William, died young; 3. Col. 

Harry, m. Matilda I'ayne, and had John P., m. Miss Terrell ; Col. Henry, m- 
Miss McChesney ; Andrew, m. Miss Tatum ; Thomas; Eliza, ni. A. Twyman; 
and Anson ; 4. John ; 5, Ambrose Powell, m. Fannie Twyman, and had Jas., 
Thos., m. first 4iis cousin, Margaret Hill, second Miss Ficklin ; Dj*. William A., 
ni. Fannie Booton, having Major Booton, Anna Lee, Julia, Irvine, and Hugh ; 
Sara, m. Cowherd ; Eliza, m. Flint ; Frances, m. Wm. Twyman ; Henry, m. his 

cousin, Evelyn. 0. Maj. Thos., m. Fannie Baptist, dau. of Baptist and Is- 

ci bell Stearns Baptist, and had Jan4es ; Theopholus ; Edward B., m. Mildred 
Tuiner;*Gen. Ambrose Powell, m. a sister of Gen. John Mdi-gau ; Margaret A., 
ly. her cousin, Thos. Hill: Evelyn m. her cousin Henry; Lucy m. Carter A. 
Saunders; 7. Fannie m Henry Field and had Henry, nj. Russell Colvin; John ; 
James ; Eliza, m. W. A. Roberts; Nancy m. John P. Kelly; Diana. 8. Nancy. 

II. William, u^ Miss Wood, having 1. Armistead, m. Mi>s Tazewell, and had 
Nancy Henry, m. Dr. Mordicai Brown ; Sallie, m. Nelson. 2. William, m. Miss 
l*arsons. 3. Russell, m. Peggie Baptist, and had Martha, m. Mr. Wallace, and 
lived in Petersburg; Sara, m. Mr. Fischer,and lived in Petei'sburg; 4 Elizabeth, 
m. Capt. Daniel Brown, and had John, m. Sara Hill, having John, William, 


Arniistead, Adalino, m. Itev. Dudley, Jane, in.. Col. Hamt)lin and Sara, ni. 
Bernard Todd : William, ni. Mies (Triffin ; Major Arniistead, ni. Mary A. Rus- 
sell Meredith (dau. of Jos. and Mary Baptist Meredith, and f?rand-dau}?hter of 
Baptist and Isabell S. Baptist), having' Capt. Joseph Daniel, ni. Paeiula 

5. Yancey (see Yancey fjenealofry); Thos. C, ni. Miss Griffin ; Russell Daniel; 
m. Lucy Powell ; Fannie, ui. Wni. Slaug'hter ; Mary Ann, ni. Newman Allen. 5. 
Lucy, m. John Nalle, and liad William, m. Miss Colvin. havinj? William D., Ar- 
niistead, and John R., niTTTetitia Wharton ; Francis ; Eliza ; Katherine ; Martha 
m. Alfred Lewis haviu'JT .Tahe ; Polly Russell, m. Henry Field; (>. Nancy, m. 
Geo. Roberts, havins; a son who maiTied Eliza Field. 

in. Fannie, m. William Booton, and had John, m. Ann P. Hill, havinj): Rich- 
ard ; William ; Harry : Sinclair, m. Mary Field ; Martha m. Kirtley ; Fan- 
nie, m. Lipseoml). 

[By Judg:e John W. Jones, of Bowling (ireen, Ky., June, 1900.] 

The oldest Thompson of whom anything is accurately and delinitely known 
was William, who moved from En^^land to the United States, and settled in 
Hanover county, Va. somewhere near the middle of the ei;?hteenth century. 
January 20, 1771, he married Frances Mills, by whom he had the followine: chil- 
dren : 1. Pe}?«:y, born Felu-uary 6. 1772 ; 2. Charles, born March 7, 177;3 ; 3. Wil- 
liam Mills, born January 11, 1771 ; 4. Anu3, hivn June 18, 1777; 5. Sarah Mills, 
born Dec. 15, 1779 ; 0. Mary Anne, horn Die. 1, 1782 ; 7. Frances J., born Dec. 
2!), 1784 ; 8. Edmond, born April 11, 1737 ; 9. Nathaniel, born August 25. 1789. 

With the exception of William Mills Thompson and his descendants, but lit- 
tle is known of the other children of William Thompson and his wife, Frances 

William Mills Thompson was married twice: First to Catherine (Kitty) W. 
Broaddus ; second to Mildred T. Ball, a gi-and-niece of Georcre Washington. By 
his first wife he had the following children : 1. Richard Wigginton Thomi)son, 
born June 9, 1809 ; 2d. Mary Juliet Thompson, bnrn Dec. 14, 1811 ; 3. Martha 
Frances Thompson, born Dec. 8, 1814 ; 4. William Mills Thompson, born Dec. 

6, 181f) . 

By his second wife, William Mills Thomi)Son had the following children : 1. 
Catherine Mildred Thon\pson, born Aug. 9, 1822 ; 2. George Washington 
Thompson, born Jan. 7, 1825 ; 3. Margaret Anne Thompson, born July 25. 1S27. 

May 5, 1880, Richard W. Thompson married Harriet E. Gardiner, a cultured 
and most estimable lady, of Columbus, Ohio, who bore him six children, as fol- 
lows: 1. Mary Gardiner Thompson ; 3. Frederick S. Thompson : 3. Richard 
W. Thompson ; 4. Charles Thompson ; 5. Harry G. Thompson ; 6. Virginia 
Thompson ; all living except Charles Mho died several "years ago. Frederick 
Thompson Tuarried Rachel Durham. They have one child, a boy named Wil- 
liam Mills. Richard W. Thompson, Jr., married Mrs. Mary A. Barry. They 
have no children. Virginia Thompson married Judge David W. Henry, and 
has two children, Harriett and Richard \V. Mary G. and Harry are unmarried. 

Mary Juliet Tliomi)son, the second chiU' of William Mills and Kitty W. 
Thompson, married Anthony Addison. Their children were as follows : 1. 
John F.; 2. Sallie C; 3. Mollie A.; 4. Murray ; 5. Arthur; 0. Olivia ; 7. Anthony 
C; 8. Keturah L. John F. joined the Confederate States' army and was killed 
at Williamsburg, Va. He never married. Sallie C. married iwice; first Capt. 
Clement C. West, U. S. A., by whom she had one child, Morie A. After the 
death of hev first husband, Mrs. West married Capt. George A. Mitchell, U. S. 
A. They had no children. Her daughter by her lirst marriage married Capt. 
Corneliup Wilcox, U. S. A., and had no children. 


Mollie A., dau^'hter of Anthony and Mary T. Addison, married Rev. T. O. 
Injjle, and had a number of children, all of whom are dead except three, Maria, 
James A., and Mary. Maria married Randall Webl) and has one child, Mary. 
James A. is also married, and has one child. Mary, daughter of T. G. and M. 
A. Ingle is unmarried. Murray Addison, son of Anthony and Mary T. Addison, 
married Clara Gantt. They have no children. Arthur, son of Anthony and 
and Mary T. Addison, married (Jarrie Steel, and has no children. Olivia C. Ad- 
dison has never married. Anthony C. Addison is unmarried. Keturah L., the 
youngest child of Anthony and Mary T. Addison, married, Capt. R. E. Col)b, U. 
S. A , and has three children, Elsie, Zodie and Murray. 

Martha Frances Thompson, third child of William Mills and Kitty Wigginton 
Thompson, married Samuel Campbell, cashier of the Leesburg, Virginia, bank. 
Nearly fifty years ago they moved to Louisville, Ky. They have had six chil- 
dren : William T., Mary C, Antionette A., Phillip S., Robert Gr., and Fanny 
C; all of whom are living except William T., who died soon after the removal 
cf his parents to Louisville. Mary has never married. Antionette A. married 
Edgar Lyttleton, and has four children, Frank C, Edgar L., Richard C. and 
Samuel C, all single. "^Phillip S. married Lizzie Milton. They had two children : 
Laura and Phillip S. Jr., the former of whom is dead. Robert G. married 
twice : First, Nannie Browder ; second, Pattie Robb. His first wife died child- 
less.. His second wife left two children, Anite and Granville. Fanny C, the 
youngest child of Samuel and Martha Frances Campbell, married George A. 
Newman, of Louisville, Ky. They have four children, Martha C, Charlotte, 
Ethel and George. With the exception of the latter, all are single. He married 
Mabel Payne. They have one child, George Alexander. 

William Mills Thompson Jr., the fourth child of William Mills and Kitty W. 
Thompson, married Mary T. Barker, of Baltimore, Md. They had four children: 
Margaret H., Cc*!; .erine, (Kitty) B., John B., and AVilliam M. Margaret H. mar- 
ried Johnson V. Middleton, and had no children. Catherine, (Kitty) B., m. 
Francis E. Storm, and had one child, Kate B.; John B. Thompson married Ida 
McClery. They have two children, Morven, and William M. Morvcn is un- 
married. William M. married Evangeline Munson. They have one child. 

As lias Ijeen already stated, the second wife of William Mills Thompson was 
Mildred Ball. By this marriage he had three children : Kitty, George W., and 
Margaret. Kitty married Richard Lyttleton, of Loudoun county, Va., and had 
no children. George married Sarah Bryant, daughter of Judge W. T. Bryant, 
of Rockville, Ind., and had two children : Margaret A., and George L. Marga- 
ret A. married Dr. AV. N. Wirt, and has no children. Geo. L. married Nettie 
Clark. They have no children. Margaret Sr., married F. S. T. Ronald, of 
Louisville, Ky., and died childless. 

Of the many who have borne the name of Thompson, Richard WiGGINTOX 
Thompson, like Saul among his people, stands forth pre-eminently. His life 
was so long, his honors so many, his abilitj' so great, his person so handsome, 
and his manners so winning, that, even in a genealogical history like this, he 
demands more than a mere passing notice. 

Born in Culpeper county, Va., June 9th, 1809,he received the usual education, 
in the schools of that early day. When about twenty years old, he made a trip 
to Kentucky, to look after some lands located in the Southern portion of the 
state, in which the Ball heirs, one of whom was the second wife of his father, 
had an interest. HavLig attended to this, he went to Louisville, where he ob- 
tahied a situation as clerk in a dry goods store, which he retained a Uttle more 
than a year, when he gave it up and left for Bedford, Ind., where he secured a 
simihir "position, and borrowing some books from a friend, commenced reading 
law at night and during such leisure moments in the day as he could 
sn!>+('h f -om his regular vocation. 


In 18;J4 lie obtained a license, and began the practice of his profession. The 
same year, and the following;: one he was elected to the lower branch of the In- 
diana Letrislature. In 183G he was elected to the State Senate. In the excitinf? 
Lo^ Cabin and Hard Cider campaign of 1840, he was a Presidential elector on 
the Whig ticket, and made a number of speeches in support of Harrison and 
Tyler, in which he displayed no little oratorical ability. The same year he was 
elected to Congress, and re-elected in 1847, declining the nominfUion in 1850. 
He also declined the Mission to Austria tendered him by President Taylor the 
following year. When Mr. Fillmore, by the death of CTeneral Taylor, became 
Presitlent, Col. Thomi>son was offered the position of (commissioner of the Gen- 
eral I^and QfTice, which he also declined. 

In 1877 lie was tendered the position of Secretary of the Navy by President 
Hayes, which he accei)ted, and continued to discharge the duties of the oflice 
for nearly four years, when he resigned to accept the position of Vice Pnisident 
of the Panama Canal ('ompany, receiving for his services the handsome salary 
of $25,000 per annum. This place he held nearly eight yea»s. Col. Thompson "^ 
also held other positions of trust and profit, among them that of Circuit Judge, 
the duties of which office he discharged for a numT)er of years. Besides the 
I>ub]ic , /sitions held and declined by Col. Thompson, and his attractiveness 
and eloquence as a public speaker, he was also a forceful and graceful writer, 
having during his life written and puV)lished a number of works; of the list, one 
ag-ainst Catholicism, another on the tariff, and still another containing his 
recoil ctions of the Presidents and other public men, one of the most attractive 
and readable books issued from the press for years. 
^ In politics as already intimated, Col. Thompson was originally an "Old Line 
Whig," and in addition to his canvass in support of Harrison, in 1840, took an 
active and prominent part in that of the "Grreat Commoner" in 1844. 

Upon the disbandment of the Whig party, Col. Thompson united with the 
Republicans, with whom he continued to act as long as he lived, attending 
their conventions, framing many of their platforms and supporting their nom- 
inees in speeches of great force and eloquence. At the regular meetings of the 
party every four years to nominate a candidate for President, few men attract- 
ed more attention than Col. Thompt-on ; his snow-white head, his brilliant, 
black eye, his easy and graceful carriage, united with a bright and sunny smile, 
never failing to make him one of the men of mark in those great assemblies. 

In private life. Col. Thompson's character was as pure and spotless as his 
I3ublic life was distingnished and honorable. An affectionate husband, a kind 
and indulgent father, a tiue and constant friend, a libcial and public spirited 
citizen, he commanded the respect and esteem of all classes and conditions of 

If one wishes to know who a man is, read the newspaj'ers. If one desires to 
ascertain what he is, ask thohe witli whom he is thrown from day to day— his 
friends and neighbors. It does not always follow lliat a uian's reputation from 
home and his character at home go hand in hard. This, however, was literally 
true of Col. Thompson. Popular as he was with strangers, he was no less hon- 
ored and esteemed by his own people— the people of Terre Haute, where he had 
so long lived, and where he so recently died at the advanced age of ninety, 
crowned Avith years and honors, and jjresenting the anomaly of liaving known 
and conversed with more Presidents than any one living, and of having out- 
lived ail his colleagues in the Congress of 1«41. ■ 

The Rev. William Taliaferro Thom])son, of Charleston, S. C, grandson of 
Merriwether Thonq)sou and Martha S. (Patsy) Hroadtlus, a sister of Kitty W. 
liroaddus, who married William Mills Thomjison, Sr., furnishes the following 
concerning the descendants of his grandfather, who was a cousin of William 
Mills Thompson. 


"Merri wether Thompson and Martha S. Broaddiis were married 14th. Oct., 
1815, at Maj. Wm. Broaddus' residence in Culpeper county, Va., by the Rev. 
Jolm AVoodville; issue : 

1. William Broaddus Thompson, b. 8th. of Aug-., 1810, m. Catherine M. 
Stribling'; 2. Martha Ann Thompson, b. ;31st of July, 1818; 3. Juliet Elizabeth 
Kitty Thompson, b. 2Gth July, 1830, m. John J. Abell; 4. Mary Harriet Thomp- 
son, b. lOth July, 1833; 5. Sarah Woodville Thompson, b. 3rd April, 1834; 6. 
Merriwether Thompson, Jr., (Gen. of Confed. fame) b. 33nd Jan. 1836, at Har- 
per's Ferry, Va; 7. Charles Montgomery Thompson, b. 12th Oct., 1830, at Har- 
per's Ferry, Va. 

William Broaddus Thompson married Miss Catherine M. Stribling-, dau. of 
Taliaferro Striblinj? and Mary Tate, and had three children : 1. William Talia- 
ferro Thompson; 2. Martha Thompson; 3. Magnus Stribling Thompson." 

[By Judge John W. Jones— June, 1900.] 

It is no easy task to write the genealogical history of any family with any 
degree of accuracy. To write that of the Smiths or Joneses, if carried any 
distance into tlie past, is an impossibility. There are so many different fami- 
lies of these names, in no way related to each other, that a person who at- 
tempts a sketch of any special one, will meet with the same difficulty encoun- 
tered by a traveller in a strange section when coming to a number of roads 
leading in the same direction, yet none of them containing a fingei'-board to 
inform him which particular one he should take, in order to reach his point 
of destination. 

When the particular Jones familv Vvith which this sketch has to deal first 
came to the United States, where it located, and what was its origin, whether 
English or Welsh, is not certainly known. It is ]:»elieved, however, that it is 
of English extraction, and settled in Essex county, Virginia, somewhere near 
the beginning of tlie 18ih. centurv, if not earlier; some of its members moving 
thence to Culpeper about the time of the organization of that county in 1748. 
At any rate, tlie records of Culpeper show that Gabriel Jones commanded one 
of the eight companies, furnished by the county for the war of the Revolution; 
that previous to its commencement, he had tAvice mai'ried, first Ann Waller, 
who bore him one child, a. daughter named Ann, who married Williaiu Scott, 
and moved to Lynchburg, Virginia. They had four children : Gabriel, Robert, 
Waller and Hugh. The records also show that Capt. Jones' second wife was 
Martha Slaughter, daughter of Robert Slaughter, the elder, the first Church 
Warden of St. Marks' Parish, by wliom he liad four children : Robert, Francis, 
Gabriel and Mary. 

Robert and Francis emigrated to Kentucky, about the year 1830, the for- 
ujer locating in Adair county, and the latter in Warren county, near Bowling 
(ireen. Of Roberts' descendants, little or nothing is known. 

Francis mai-ried Hetty Coons and left several daughters and two sons, 
V/illiam and (,'uthbert. William niarried Mary Mooklar, by Avhom he had 
four children : Maria, Sarah E., Mary B., and Frank A. Maria married James 
E. Harney; Sarah E. married Temple Smith; Mary B. married John T. John- 
son; and Frank married Adda Hall. Cuthbert studied medicine; married 
Eliza R. Treat, and moved to Chester, Illinois, many years ago. They had 
eleven children, as follows : 1. Francis S.; 3. Mary E.: 3. William C; 4. Robert 
S.; 5. Llewellyn Powell; H. Eliza R T.; 7. Edward R.; 8. James P.; 9. Peyton C; 
10. Busan T.; 11. Herbert C 

The most of these children died young and withoiit issue; only one of 
them. Judge William O. Jones, of St. Louis, Mo., marrying and having any 



descendants. Nov. 20th, 1850, Judge Jones married Mary A. Chester. They 
had ten cliildren, of whom only four are living, viz : Fannie S., who married 
Walter S. Watson, Julia M., who married Joseph P. Goodman, James C. and 
Giles F., who are unmarried. 

(xabriel Jones, the third son of ('aptain Gabriel of the Revolution, married 
Jane Wiggintiju. They had seven children : Enn"ly, William Wigginton, 
Gabriel Scott, Seth Slaughter, Eliza Ann, John Wigginton and Martha 
Slaughtei'. Emily married George W. Ronald, son of William Roriald, a lead- 
ing member of the Richmond, Virginia, bar in its early days, who was of 
counsel for the British creditors holding claims against persons residing in the 
United States prior to the Revolution. The children of George W. and Emily 
Ronald were as follows: Francis S. J., William A., Sarah J., Gabriel J., Rich- 
ard W., Emily, Ann E., George W., Seth S., Mary M., John N., Harriet M.. and 
Balsora J. 

Francis S. J. Ronald, the fivst child of George W. and Emily Ronald, 
when quite a young man, left the parental home in Warren county, Ky., and 
settled in Louisville, where through his indomitable energy and close atten- 
tioix to business, he became one of its leading citizens, having during his life 
been Deputy Sheriff, Postniaster under Buchanan's administration, and pro- 
prietor of one of the largest and most popular tobacco warehouses in the city. 
He was married tAvice: his first wife being Mary J)ecantillon, and his second 
Margaret Thompson. By his first marriage he had three children : William 
A., Emma and Mary 1). His second wife died childless. William A. married 
Lucy Grotjan. who had three children, (irotjan, Decantillon and William. 
Decantillon married Harding Williams and has one child : Harding. Grotjan 
and William are unmarried. Mary D. married 1). M. Lawson, and has two 
children : Frankie and Gary. Frankie married William Garvin, and has one 
child: Volney h. Carj- is still single. Emma, second child of F. S. J. and 
Mary Decantillon Ronald, died a number of years ago, having never married. 

William A. Ranald, seeoiid child of George W. and Emily Ronald, like his 
brother Frank, located in Louisville some time previous to his having reached 
his majority, and like him, through his energy and business habits, he so far 
acquired the respect and confidence of the people as to be elected successively 
marshall of the city, sheriff of the county, and for many years held the posi- 
tion of stock agent of the Louisville and Nashville railroad. He married Mary 
J. Marshall, who bore him four children : Kate, Rose, Lee and Sue. Kate died 
young and unmarried. Rose married William Shane, and left one child : Wil- 
liam. Lee married Benjamin E. Webb, and has three children : William, 
Marshall and Hugh. Sue married Andrew T. Kirby, and has one child : 

Gabriel, the third child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married Lucy 
Moss, by whom he had three children : Ellen M., Richard, and George. Ellen 
M. married Columbus Smith and has four children : Clyde, Lizzie, Frederick, 
and Varna. Richard married Cora Shrader, and had three children : Earl, 
Elma, and Lee. George died young and unmarried. 

Sarah J., the fourth chihl of George W. and Kniily Ronald, died soon 
lifter reaching womanhooti, having never married. 

Richard W. Ronald, the fifth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, was a 
man of imuOi amiability of character and excellent business capacity. For 
many years he was a [lartner of his brother Frank in Ijoiiisvilie's Ninth Street 
Toliacco Warehouse, and was a member of the firm at the time of his death. 
He never married. 

Ann Eliza, the sixth child of (ieorge W. and Eim!y Ronald, marrit'd Nance 
Smith, and died childless. 



Emily, the seventh child of George W. and Emily Ronald, never married, 
(ieorge W., the eighth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, like his 
brothers, Frank, William, Richard and Seth, moved from Warren county, 
Kentucky, to Louisville when young. Not long after his arrival he commenced 
the study of medicine, graduating in the old medical school of that city in 
1849, when he at once opened an oflHce and commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession. By assidious attention to his duties, and success in their performance, 
in the course of time he built up a large and lucrative business, and, 
although he has been in the harness for more than half a century, and is a 
man of fortune, he continues U< practice, insisting that "it is better to Avear 
out than to rust out." He married Laura Glover, daughter of William R. 
Glover, a prominent and wealthy citizen of Louisville. Doctor and Mrs. Ron- 
ald have but one child, Albert G., who is a graduate of the Louisville city 
schools, and also of the University of Virginia. By profession he is a lawyer, 
and a partner of his father-in-law. Judge A. E. Richards, having married his 
daughter, Jessie, several years ago. Albert <t. and Jessie Ronald have two 
children : (xeorge and Mary T. 

Mary M., the ninth child of (xeorge W. and P^mily Ronald, married twice. 
First : Thomas B. Dent, by whom she had one child : Thomas B. Dent. Jr. 
Her present husband is Edwin Talbutt, a man of quiet and unobtrusive habits, 
but of good intellect and extensive reading. They have no children. Thomas 

B. Dent, Jr., married Laura Smith. They have four children: William, 
Lucien, Paul and Percy. 

Seth S., the tenth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married twice. 
First : Lizzie Herbert; secondly : Amelia Forsyth. His first wife bore him 
seven children : George, Herbert, Laura, Mollie, Florence S., Lavinia, and 
Frank. George, Herbert, Laura and Lavinia are dead. Mollie married Joseph 

C. Barclay, and has one child : Florence. Florence S. mai-ried William F. 
Owsley, a grandson of one of the Governors of Kentucky. AVilliam F. and 
Florence S. Owsley had five children : Erasmus B., Herbert R., Elizabeth B., 
William B., and Frank. Herbert R. is the only one living. Lavinia, third 
child of S. S. and Elizabeth Ronald, died single. Frank, their youngest child, 
has never married. Amelia, the second wife of Seth S. Ronald, left one child, 
who died in infancy. 

Harriet M., the eleventh child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married 
Alexander C. Stevenson, and has two children : Emily and William. Emily 
married Thomas Bergei", and has no children. William married Ophelia Ellis, 
and has five children : I" rank L., J. H., Lena P., Euia B., and H. Ronald. 

John N. the twelfth child of George W. and Emily Ronald, married Eliza- 
beth Still. They have an only child : James. 

Balsora J., the thirteenth child of George W. and Emily R. Ronald, 
married Thomas Rockwell, and has six children : Eula, Herbert, Ronald, Ida, 
Thomas and Laura D. Ronald married Ida Campbell. They have five chil- 
dren : Herbert, Ronald, Ruby J^., William, and Thomas. Ida married ('harles 
R. Ousley, and has no children. I^aura luarried Judson L. Price, and is 

William Wigginton Jones, the second child of (xabriel Jones and Jane 
Wigginton, was born August 30, 1795, married Elizabeth Parish October :^1. 
1822, and died March 11, 18:.'), leaving seven children. In 1812. when the war 
between the United States and Great Britain commenced. Mr. Jones enlisted 
as a soUMer, and his widow drew a pension up to the time of her death, No- 
vember 16, 1882. His children were as follows : John William, Rol)ert Henry, 
Thomas VVigginton, James Parish, Strother Seth, Gabriel Scott, and Mildred 


John William, the first child of William W. and Elizabeth Jones, left 
Culpeper county for Louisville, Kentucky, when only fifteen years of af»e. and 
for three years served as clerk in the hardware store of liis uncle, John Wifr- 
grinton Jones. He then returned to Virj^inia and attended school for several 
years. Returning: to Louisville, he beg^an the study of law, fjraduatin^ in 
1851 at the law scliool of that city. 'Ihe following' year he conuuenced the 
practice of his profession at Rockville, Indiana, where he remained for two 
years, when he removed to Terre Haute, of wliich city and the county of Vijjo, 
lie was elected Ci^mnion Pleas Judf?e in 1856. For the last twenty years he has 
resided at Howlinfr (ireen, Kentucky, whez-e he has been engaged in news- 
paper work in the capacity of editorial writer. 

Robert Hein-y, the second son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, 
was a private in the Confederate army, and was killed in Missouri in 1862. 

Thouias Wigginton, third son of William Wigginton and ElizaV)eth Jones, 
is a farmer and has also served as Commissioner of the Revenue. October 16, 
1851, he married Mildred D. Hanslu-ough, by whom he had the following chil- 
dren : William AVigginton, John Wesley, Mary Long, Thomas Henjamin, 
Emma Stevens, William Wigginton, Hervey Slaughter, and Annie Howard. 
William W., John W., Mary L., and Annie Howard are dead. Hervey S. 
married Bessie Irvine. They have one child : John Irvine. Thomas B., Emma 
S., and William W. are all unmarried. 

James Farish, the fourth son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, 
was by profession a physician, graduating at rhe old medical school in Louis- 
ville in 1855. When the war between the States commenced, he volunteered 
as a private in the Brandy Rifles. In 1868 he was captured and sent to Point 
Lookout, where he remained until he was exchanged as a sick i)risoner. At 
the time of his exchange his health was so poor tliat he could get no further 
than Richmond, where he died April 26, 1861. 

_ Strother 8., the fifth son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, has 
at different periods of his life been a farmer, school teacher. Commissioner of 
the Revenue, and soldier. AVhen the war commenced he enlisted as a private 
in the Black Horse company, and was present at the first and last battles of 
that long and bloody struggle. He married Lucy Stewart, and has three chil- 
cliildren : Betty, Susan, and Mary. Betty married Arthur Hart, and has five 
cliildreu: Meta R., Alexander, Bessie, Susan, and Strother H. Susan married 
James Matthews, and has two children : Seth and Stewart. Mary is un- 

(fabriel Scott, the sixth son of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, 
was, by profession, a lawyer, graduating at the Louisville Law School in 1854. 
He commenced the practice in Rockville, Indiana, moving thence to Terre 
Haute, and thence to Dubuque, Iowa, where he was residing when the war 
began. Cciming to Culpeper he joined the Brandy Rifles as a private in the 
ranks, and continued in service until the surrender. In 1866 he resumed the 
practice of his j)roiession, locating at Rodney, Mississijjpi, where he remained 
a few years, removing thence to Texas, and died at Beaumont, in that State, 
March 26, 1899. 

Mildred Jane, the seventh child and only daughter of William Wigginton 
and Elizabeth Jones, resided with her mother until the death of the latter, 
which occurred at Culpeper Court House November 16, 1882. 

Of the seven children of William Wigginton and Elizabeth Jones, oidy 
two, Thomas and Strother, ever married. 

Eliza Ann, the third child of (Tabriel and Jane Jones, died unmarried in 
Warren county, Kentucky, in 1H47. 

Seth Slaughter, tli'^ fourth child of (iabriel and Jane Jones, moved from 
Culpeper county, Virginia, to Warren county, Kentucky, about 1836, and 
settled on a farm near Bowling Green. He was a man of much amiability of 
character and popular with all classes of people. He married ElizaV)eth Briggs, 
and had two children : William Henry and Mary M. AVilliam Henry began 
his business life as a clerk in a store in Bowling Green. He also served as clerk 
of the common council of that city for a number of years. In 1885, when 
Charles H. Thomas was appointed United States Circuit Judge of South 
Dakota, he received the appointment of clerk of that court, and removed to 
Deadwood in that territory, returning to Bowling Green at the expiration of 
Judge Thomas' term of office. In 1897 he was elected clerk of the Circuit 
Court of Warren county for six years, the duties of which office he is now dis- 
charging. He married Mattie Robin son and has two children : Elsie and 
William Henry. Mary married John Turpin, and has three children : Redford 
T., William H., and Perrin Slaughter. 

Gabi-iel Scott, the fifth child of Gabriel and Jane Jones, soon after reach- 
ing his majority, moved from Culpeper county, Vii'ginia, to Louisville. Ken- 
tucky, where he continued to reside until his death. During the greater part 
of his life, he held some office under the city, generally that of constable or 
collector of taxes. He mai-ried Hetty Camp. They had four children : Wil- 
liam Edward, Gabriel Ambrose, Robert C, and Eliza. 

AVilliam Edward, the first child of Gabriel Scott and Hetty Jones, was ^ 
Lieutenant in the Mexican War, and a Captain in the Confederate army. In 
1862, while leading his company in a charge thi'ough the streets of Glasgow, 
Kentucky, he was killed. He married Kate Franklin, of Louisville, and left 
several children, whose names are unknown. 

Gabriel Ambrose, the second child of Gabriel Scott and Hetty Jones, com- 
menced the discharge of the active duties of life as a constable. He afterwards 
engaged in the livery business in which he was engaged at the time of his death 
in 1898. He maj-ried Lottie Ellis, who bore him five children : Frank, Hugh, 
Ellis, Norton and Mai-y Lee, all of whom are living, except Ellis. 

Robert Camp Jones, the third child of Gabriel Scott and Hetty Jones, was 
for a number of years, and at the time of his death, an excellent and popular 
teacher in the public schools of the city of Louisville. He was twice married. 
The name of his first wife was x\nna Barrel. The name of his second, Anna 
Kirby. Each had one child. The name of the child of the first wife is May 
Esther That of the second wife, Bertie. 

Eliza, the fourth child of Gabriel Scott and Hefty Jones, married William 
Ellis, and had three children : Jessie, William T., and Fay. 

John Wigginton, the sixth child of Gabriel and Jane Jones, before arriving 
of age, left Culpeper county and located at Louisville, Kentucky, where he 
ol>tained a situation in a dry goods store. In 1888 he purchased a stock of 
hardware and commenced l)usiness for himself, which he conducted for a few 
years, when he I'^turned to Virginia, and married Mary Eliza Valentine, a 
most estimable lady, 'the daughter of Edward Valentine, of Staunton, Vir- 
ginia, and his only child. The fruit of this marriage was six children : Susan 
Archer, Sally Andei'son, Edward Valentine, Ella Jane, Mary Eliza, and Anna 
Rosa. Edward Valentine is an Episcopal minister and has charge of two 
churches, one in Albemarle county, the other in the county of Louisa. He 
married Mary Smith Ruffin, and has four children: Edward Valentine, Ed- 
mund Ruffin, Mary Ruffin, and Susan. Ella Jane married Richard B. Rich- 
ardson, and has no children. None of the other daughters have married. 


His first wife havinff died, John Wiggiuton Jones married Marion Stuart 
Alexander, who bore him five children : Julia Manderville, John Stuart, Mar- 
tha Slaughter, Gustavus Alexander, and Ashton Blair. Of the children two 
are married : Julia Manderville and Alexander Augustus, the former having 
married Charles Stuart Mayo, who died without issue, and the latter Mary E. 
Scott, wro has two children : Elvira Scott and Gustavus Alexander. 

Martha Slaughter, the seventh and youngest child of (irabriel and Jane 
Jones, married Wesley H. Perkins, who died from cholera in lS4i). They had 
no children. 

Mary, the only daughter of the Kevolutionary soldier. Captain Gabriel 
Jones, and his wife, Martha Slaughter, was a woman of many excellent quali- 
ties, both of mind and heart. Marrying, early in life, Richard Young Wiggin- 
tou, a man of considerable fortune, who died childless soon after their mar- 
riage, having no children of her own, she was enabled to become a mother to 
the chiidj'en of othei's. How well she discharged this self imposed duty is well 
attested by the care and attention she bestowed upon a number of her half 
neices and nephews, grandchildren of her mother, Martha Jones, and her second 
husband, William Hroadus, two of whom, William H. Ward, and Martha F. 
Thompson, she adopted and educated, the former living with her as long as 
she lived, and the latter until her marriage, which took place at her 
home. Besides these two, there wei-e several others, whose mothers bore the 
name of Broaddus, among them the late R. W. Tiiompson, who, after the 
death of their mothers, always found a home at this kind hearted old lady's 
residence, and received substantial legacies from her at her death. 

Stern and exacting, where principle was involved, this excellent old woman,, 
in what she regarded as the non-essentials, was yielding and indulgent. Not 
only was she kind and generous to her relations, but a good and true friend to 
the poor, and one who sympathized with them in their trials and nnsfortunes, 
and at all times stood ready, with willing hand and oi)en purse, to minister to 
their comforts, and relieve their wants. Years ago she went to her etei'nal re- 
ward, and her body is interred in the old family graveyard, near the homestead 
where she so long and so well performed her deeds of thoughtful and unpre- 
tentious generosity and kindness. The old house too, which was once the 
scene of the performance of so many good deeds, is also gone, and another and 
more mc>dern one occupies its place, but the fragrance of the memory of its 
inmate and owner, is still fresh in the minds of the few who are left to recall 
and relate the story of her many virtues and excellencies. The old Wigginton 
place is now owned and occupied by Mr. S. W. Thom[>son. 



Ambrose Powell Hill, a lineal descendant of Captain AmV)rose l^owell, a 
vestryman of Bromfield parish in 17r)3, and the son of Ma.j. Tln)n\as Hill, was 
born in Ctilpeper county November!), 1825. He entered West J'oint Academy 
July 1, 1842, and gnuluated thence July 1, 1847, the fifteenth in ii'erit in a 
class of thirty-six, Jimong whom were Generals John S. Mason, O. B. Wilcox, 
H. (i. Gibson, A. E. Burnside, John Gibbon, R. B. Ayers, (^harles (TrifTin, 
Thomas H. Neill, W. W. Barnes, E. L. Viele, and L. C. Hunt, of the United 
States Army, and General Harry Heth, of the Confederate Army. Entering 
the First Artillery as Brevet Second I^ieutenant, Hill became First Lieutenant 
September 4. 185L He was engaged during the Me^cican war at Huamantla 
the 9th of October, and at Atlixas the 12th of October, 1847, and in Florida 
against the Seminole Indians in 1849— ">(), and froiu 1852 to 1855. He was an 

assistant on the coast survey from November, 1855, until March 1, 18G1, when 
he resigned his commission. Upon the breaking out of hostilities between the 
North and South, lie was chosen Colonel of the Thirteenth Virginia Regiment, 
which, at the fh'st battle of Manassas, with the remainder of tlie command of 
General Joseph E. Johnston, arrived on the field just in time to secure and 
complete the victory of that nieinoral)le day. Colonel rlill was promoted Feb- 
ruary 26, 1802, to the rank of Brigadier-Greneral, and by his signal gallantry at 
the battle of WilllamsV)urg, in May, drew the eyes of the pub'ic upon him. 
He greatly distinguished him.self in the sanguinary seven days battles around 
Richmond, commencing on tlie 26th of June, in command of one of the largest 
divisions of the Army of Richmond, and which was composed of the brigades 
of Anderson. Branch, Pender, Gregg, Field and Archer. At Meadow Bridge, 
with only a portion of his command, he made the first attack upon McClellan, 
and in a terrible conflict encouraged his troops by a fearless intrepidity which 
constantly exposed him to the fiercest fire of the enemy. Successful at this 
point. General Hill was placed first in the line of advance and l>ore the brunt 
of the action at Frazier's Farm, where, with his own division and one brigade 
of that of Longstreet, he fougiit and overcame a largely superior force which 
broke the spirit of the enemy and achieved final victory. 

In this series of battles the division of Hill lost 3870 men killed and wounded 
Imaiediately after this battle Genei-al Hill was promoted, July 14, 1862, to the 
rank of Major-General. In the campaign of Northern Virginia the division of 
A. P. Hill was sent to reinforce Stonewall Jackson, who had been dispatched to 
check the advance of Pope. At the battle of Cedar Run, Hill gallantly sus- 
tained the ijrestige he had won. He also bore a conspicuous part in subse- 
quent operations, marching with Jackson in his flank movement towards the 
Rappahannock and Manassas. At the second Ijattle of Manassas he repeated 
a similar exhibition of valor to that of Frazier's Farm, and with dauntless 
abandon met and repulsed at the point of the bayonet six distinct and sei)ar- 
ate assaults of the enemy, a majority of the men a portion of the time being 
without cartridges. The next day (August 30, 1862), his division was again 
engaged, and late in the evening drove the enemy before them, cajituring two 
batteries, many prisoners, and resting at night on Hull Run. At Sharpsburg 
the accomplishment of A. P. Hill was in brilliancy not surpassed by any other 
recorded during the war. With three brigades, numl^ering scarce 2,000 men, 
he drove back Burnside's Corps, 15,000 strong. 

After the battle of Shari)sburg, when General Lee determined to with- 
draw from Maryland, Hill was directed with his division to cover the retreat 
of the army, and in the performance of this duty at Hotlers Ford, on the 20th 
of September, 1862, was enacted one of the most terrible episodes of the war. 
Lee's army was well across the Potomac when it was found that some brigades 
of the enemy had ventured to cross during the preceeding night and were 
making preparations to hold their position. General Jackson at once ordered 
A. P. Hill to drive the enemy back. After some preliminary movements a 
simultaneous charge was made by Hill, and the enemy forced in a confused 
mass into the riv(\r. "Then writes General Hill, describing the action with 
graphic horror, "connnenced the most terrible slauuhter this war has yet 
witnessed. The broad surface of the Potomac WAvS bluk with the float- 
ing CORPSKS of our foe. But few escaped to tell the tale. By their own 
account they lost 3,000 men killed and drowned from one brigade alone. In this 
battle Hill did not use a piece of artillery; but relying upon the luusket and 
bayonet, he punished the enemy beyond precedent. At the battle of Freder- 
icksburg, HilTs Division formed the right of Jackson's force, at Chancellors- 
ville the center, and participated in the flank movement tliat crushed Hooker. 


The death of the illustrious Jackson devolved the coumiand upon Hill, and 
he was soon after wounded. Upon the reorganization of ]je' 's army he was 
made, May 34, 1863, a Lientenant-General, and placed in com' and ot the third 
of the three corps into which it was divided. His was the i'v J^ corps in action 
at (Tettysburf?. In Lee's flank movement of the same to y;<'i between Meade 
and Washinf^rton City, A. P. Hill sustained the only reverse of his career. 
Havin*;: fallen upon a superior force of the enemy at Bristoe Station, conceal- 
ed by a railroad embankment, in a vain effort to di8lodfi:e it he lost several 
hnndi"ed in killed and wounded, and five pieces of artillery. In the momen- 
tous campaifjn of 1864 General Hill was aj^ain conspicuous, his corps, with that 
of Ewell, opening: the action in the Wilderness. A few days thereafter his fee- 
ble liealth so gave away that he was unable to remain on duty, when Jubal A. 
Earlj^ was assigned to the command of his corps. After the scenes of Spot- 
sylvania Court House, General Hill reported for dut}', resumed command of 
his corps, and fought with it to the last day in front of Petersburg. August 
25, 1864, at Reames Station, he attacked the enemy in his entrenchments and 
carried his entire lines, capturing seven stand of colors, 2,000 prisoners and 
nine pieces of artillery. 

At the final attack on the Southside Railroad and the defense of Peters- 
burg, he was restlessly active in his exertions to repel the Federal attack. On 
the morning of April 2, 1805, desiring to obtain a nearer view of a portion of 
the line of the enemy, he left his staff behind him in a place of safety, rode 
forward accompanied by a single orderly, and soon came upon a squad of 
Federals who had advanced along a ravine far beyond their lines. He immed 
lately ordered them to sui render, which they were on the point of doing, un- 
der the supposition that a column of troops was just behind him. But soon 
discovering that he was slightly attended, they fireil upon him, and he fell, 
pierced through the heart by a rifle ball.. The following night his body was 
hastily l)uried in the cemetery at Petersburg, but was subsequently reinterred 
in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, where his remains are marked by the 
words, "Lt-Gen. A. P. Hill," cut into the granite curbing in front of the grave. 
The trust reposed in A. P. Hill by the illustrious chieftains, Lee and Jackson, 
found solennily impressive exemplification in the dying ejaculations of each, 
which, too. are remarkable for their semblance. "Tell A. P. Hill to prejjare 
for action," were amongst the words of Stonewall Jackson. "Tell Hill he 
must come up," were the last words of the peerless Lee. What more honora- 
ble tribute ? 




[By Jud^e D. A. Grimsley.] 

[Daniel Anion Grimsley, son of Rev. Barnett Grimsley and Ruth U. Grims- 
ley, was born April 3rd, 1840, in Culpeper, now Rappahannock county, near 
Washington. When about twenty years old Judge Grimsley enlisted as a pri- 
vate in the Rappahannock cavalry, which was first commanded by Captain 
John Shackelford Green, and was appointed orderly sergeant soon after the 
company went into active service. Was elected first lieutenant upon the re- 
organization of the company in the spring of 1862, and within a few days 
thereafter became captain upon the promotion of Capt. Green, and afterwards 
major and lieutenant colonel of the sixth Virginia cavalry, to which the Rap- 
pahannock company belonged. He served thi-ough the entire war from April, 
1861, to the surrender at Appomattox. Major Grimsley, although he had 
several horses shot under him, wUs never wounded, sick, or on furlough for 
more than a day or two at a time, and was in command of his regiment a 
greater portion of the time during the latter years of the war. Major Grims- 
ley has an accurate memory, which, together with his thorough knowledge of 
military affairs, virtually renders him an oracle, and he is always sought out 
by those in search of information along these lines. 

After the war. Judge Grimsley studied law under a private tutor, Mr. H. 
G. Moffett, in Rappahannock, and upon obtaining his license, began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Culpeper in 1867. He was elected to the State Senate 
in 1869, of which body he remained a member until 1879. " In 1880 he was ap- 
pointed by Grov. Holliday judge of the sixth judicial circuit to fill a vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge Henry Shackelford. The readjuster party ob- 
taining control of the State in 1872, he was defeated in the election for that 
office. In 1885 he was elected to the House of Delegates to represent Culpeper 
county, and in 1886 he Avas elected judge of the sixth judicial circuit, which 
position he still occupies. 

In 1866, Jxidge Grimsley married Bettie N., daughter of William L. Brown- 
ing, and has six living children, who are : Margaret, married George Drewey, 
Virginia, Thomas Edwin, married Mary Edelin, Mary B., married John Strode 
Barbour, Fanny G., and Elizabeth Barnett. Their younger child, Ethel, died 
a few years since of typhoid fever. — R. T. G.] 

Brandy Station was the great battle ground between the cavalry of the 
armies of Northern Virginia, and of the Potomac, during the war between the 
States. It was the scene of quite a half dozen pitched battles, in which thou- 
sands of horsemen met in the rude shock of conflict. 



Brandy Station was directly on the line ot advaiioe and retreat of the 
armies, between Washington and Richmond. A station on the Southern rail- 
way (then the Orang^e and Alexandria), which either army, occupying Culpeper, 
used for the purpose of supply. It was a point from which the road south 
diverged eastward to Fredericksburg, to the Wilderness and the lower Rapidan. 
and westward to Madison and Orange; going north, they diverged westward 
towards Warrenton and upper Fauquier, and eastward towards Kelly ville and 
the lower Potomac. So it was an ol»jective point in the movements of either 
army, in either direction. The country around about the Station was admira- 
bly adai^ted to cavahy movements. It was a broad, open, undulating jjlain, 
without forest or other serious obstruction to the movements of large l)odies 
of troops, but sufficiently rolling to furnish select positions for the use of artil- 

In the early part of the war the country was well fenced, occasionally by 
a hedge and ditch, which offered serious obstruction to the movements of 
cavalry, and was not unfrequently, both in charge and retreat, the occasion 
of serious mishap to the bold cavalier, being especially disastrous in retreat.* 
Howevei*, the fences soon disajjpeared, and the hedge rows were leveled to the 
earth, and it beeanje an ideal locality for cavalry. 

It was occupied for a time liy (ien. Stuart in the spring of 1802, on the 
retreat of the Confederate Army from Manassas, and some little skirmishing 
then took place, between the videttes and pickets along the banks of the 
Rappahannock. No serious engagement, however, occurred until the 20th of 
August, 18G2, when Lee advanced on Pope, then occupying Culpei)er. just 
previous to the second battle of Manassas. 

After the defeat of McClellan, before Riclimond, it will be remembered, 
(Tcneral Lee quietly transferred his army to Orange county, and massed it 
behind Clarke's Mountain, from which point he designed to hurl his veteran 
battalions on the flaidv and rear of Pope, in ' Ailpeper. Lieut-Colonel Hender- 
son, of the English Army, who is at present [Jan. 1000.] a staff officer of Lord 
Roberts in the South African war, in his life of Jackson, gives the following 
beautiful description of the landscape, as seen from Clarke's Mountain, where 
Jackson had established a signal station. 

"The view from the summit embraced an extended landscape. The rav- 
ages of war had not yet effaced its tranquil beauty, nor had the names of its 
bright river.s and thriving villages become houseli'>ld words. It was still 
iniknovvn to history; a peaceful and pastoral district, remote from beaten 
tracks of trade, and inhabited by a quiet and industrious people. To day, 
few regions can ])oast of sterner or more heroic memories. To the I'ight, roll- 
ing away in light and shad<jw, for a score of miles, is the gi-eat forest of Si)ots- 
sylvania, within whose gloomy depths lie the fields of Chancellorsville, where 
the breastworks of the Wilderness can still be traced, and on the eastern 
verge of whicii stanii the grass grown batteries of Fredericksburg. North- 
ward, and beyond the woods which hide the Rapidan, the eye ranges over the 
wide and fertile plains of Culpeper, with the green crest of Slaughter's Moun- 
tain overlooking Cedar Run, and the dim levels of Brandy Station, the scene 
of the great cavalry battle, just visible beyond. Far away to the northeast, 
the faint outline of a range of hills marks the source of Bull Run and the 
Manassas plateau, and to the west, the long ramparts of the Blue Ridge, 
softened by the distance, stand high above the V^irginia plains." 

This movement was designed to l)e begun on the 18th day of August, but 
by reason of the delay of the cavalry, in reaching Orange from the Peninsul.-i, 
it was not begun until about ;> o'clock on the morning of the 2()th. (renerjil 
Poi)e, having in the meantime, learned of Lee's meditated attack, began hiw 

retreat on the rnorniiif? of the Iflth, and had reached the south bank of the 
Rappahannock before (xen. Lee left Oranfje. The Confederate Army crossed 
the Rapidan at Raccoon and Morton's Fords, and moved towards the towns 
of Culpeper and Brandy Station, preceded by Robertson's brigade of cavalry, 
consistinj? of the second, sixth, seventh, eleventh and twelfth Virj^inia Regi- 
ments, White's battalion, and Fitz Lee's brigade, consisting at that time of 
the 1st. Maryland, 8rd, 4th and 5th regiments. Gen. Fitz Lee took the road by 
Madden's towards Kcllysville, and (iren. Robertson the road by Stevensburg 
to Brandy Station, Gen. Stuart moving in person with Robertson's bri- 
gade. Gen. Bayard, of the Federal Army, was directed with his brigade, then 
at Brandy Station, and consisting of the 1st. Pa., 1st. N. Y., 1st. R. I., 1st. 
Mass., and 2nd. N. Y., to protect the flank and rear of the retreating army in 
the direction of Stevensburg. At that time, if the writer remembers rightly, 
for some distance out of Brandy Station, on the Stevensburg road, the7-e were 
woods on both sides of the road, and on the east side they extended beyond 
the point where the Culi^eper road now turns off from the Stevensburg road, 
and in those woods, the Federal cavalry, their reargu-ird having been driven 
back from Stevensburg, made their first dettrmined stand against the advance 
of the Confederate cavalry. By dismounting a portion of his force, armed 
with carbines, and judiciously posted in these woods, Gen Bayard was en- 
abled to hold in check the advance of the Confederates for some time. After 
the contest here had been waged for quite a while, Gen. Robertson moved 
some portion of his command, around by the Wise house in the direction of 
the Barbour hill, and thus turning the flank and reaching for the rear of the 
Federal commander, forced him froni his position in the woods in front of 
Brandy. Falling back from this position, he made a stand on Fleetwood 
Heights in solid columns of squadron, with mounted skirmishers in front and 
flank. The Confederates moved up rapidly, and attacked the Federals in this 
new position with great dash and spirit. Gen. Stuart, in his i-eport of this 
engagement at this point, says : ' Robertson's regiments were hurled in 
rapid succession, in columns of four, upon the miin body of the enemy's cav- 
alry, and before the clash of tiie sabres they took fright and tied, taking re- 
fuge close to the river, under protection of their l)atteries on the other side." 
He always paid a high compliment to this command, which, he says : "had 
been brought to the stability of veteran? bj' the discipline, organization and 
drill of the brigade commander." Gen. Bayard, in his report, says: "that 
the sudden charge and yells of the enemy seemed to strike terror to his men, 
and they soon began running;" that they were rallied, however, and retreated 
quietly to the Rappahannock Fitz Lee, on this same occasion, had a s|)irited 
engagement with the Federal cavalry on the road from Madden's to Kelley's 

Fleetwood Heights is a beautiful location. Being an elevated ridge, which 
extends eastward at right angles to the elevation extending south from Wel- 
ford's, and jutting out into the plains, it commands the country and roads 
leading north and south from Brandy Station. On this occasion it received 
its baptism of tire, and thereafter, there was no movement of troops across 
the borders of Culpeper that artillery did not blaze from its summits, and 
charging squadrons, on its slopes and around its base, did not contend for 

The day after this engagement the cavalry, followed by the whole army, 
moved westward along the south banks of the Rappahannock into the Little 
Fork and finally swinging around through Thoroughfare Gap, debouched on 
the jjlains of Manassas, to win, for a second time, a victory on the same field. 
The writer has a most pleasant recollection of the kindness on this occasion of 

one of the most worthy and respected citizens of the town of Cnlpeper. He 
(the writer) was on picket duty the night before, at Rapidan Station, with a 
squadron of cavahy, and was ordered to join liis regiment the next day at 
Brandy. This put his line of march through the town of Culpeper, and he en- 
tered it on the lieels of the retreating enemy. When he had arrived 
on Main street, at a point opposite the store of Dr. Gorrell, he found 
that tluit gentleman, in anticipation of the coming of the Confederates, had 
prepared a Inige tub of lemonade to refresh the tired soldiers. Just think 
of it ! Ice cold lemonade, with plenty of lemon in it to make it sour, and 
I)lenty of sugar to make it sweet, and ice to make it cold, to a tired, weary, 
dirty, dusty Confederate soldier, on a hot day in August. I think of it now; 
and, althougli it is winter time, I thirst for that lemonade to-day, and would 
enjoy so much a draught of it from a clean, shining tin cup. We thank him 
for it still. May he live long and prosper. 


Perhaps we might have heretofore referred to the first incursions of Fed- 
eral troops in the county and villayje of Culpeper on the morning of the 5th of 
May, 18'j3. Major D. Porter Stowell, counnanding the tst Mass. Cavalry, 
crossed the Rappahannock river at Beverly's Ford on the night of the 4th, 
and after refreshing men and animals on the farm and at the house of 
Mr. Richard Cuiniingham, came on to the village the following morning. It 
seems to have been the irony of fate, that the soil of Culpeper should have 
been first invaded by the sons of New England. Nearly a hundred years i)re- 
vious, when Massachusetts was threatened with invasion and oppression from 
the mother country, among the first to take up arms in defense of her cause, 
as well as the common cause of the colonies, were the gallant "Minute Men" 
of Culpeper. Now, the first to appear, as armed invaders of her soil, were the 
sons of those, with whom they had stood shoulder to shoulder a hundred years 
l)efore, and this in the sacred names of union, liberty and fieedom. Well may 
we say with Madauie Roland: "Oh liberty! What crimes have been committed 
in thy name." 

The officer in command of the expedition says he found on the farm of Mr.' 
(/unningham abundant forage for his horses, and that the overseer, a Mr. 
Wiltshire, was very kind to him, furnishing forage and opening the nuinsion 
house for occupancy by his command. He speaks of it as an elegant old man- 
sion, handsomely furnished, and says that he and his soldiers enjoyed their 
re[)ose on sofas, couches, beds, lounges and on the parlor floors. He was evi- 
dently a gentleman, and understood , even in war, the laws of property rights, 
for he says, notwithstanding it had been the headquarters of the Confederate 
generals, and the absence of the owner, yet nothing in the house, or about the 
premises, was taken or injured by liis men. Leaving Cunningham's, lie fol- 
lowed the ridge road, passing the brick house ot Dr. Huntington (Dr. Dan'l. 
(rreen's), and came out by trie Barbour house to Brandy Station. Ho gives, in 
his report, a very interesting account of his trip, of the route pursued, of the 
beauty and fertility of the country, and the temper of the people with whom 
he met. He speaks of the country as lovely in its appearance, well cultivated, 
and filled with suijplies of all sorts, for man and beast. That most of the 
farmers had left their homes incharge of their overseers, but that their farm- 
ing work was going on as usual. 

At tliis time there were no Confederate troops north of Gordonsville, save 
twocoiupanies of cavalry of the 2nd. Va. Reg., encamped on the Greenwood es- 
tate, and engaged in picketing the roads north of Culi)eper. The officer report- 
ed that he encountered the (Confederate pickets some three miles north of Cui- 


peper, who retired upon his approach, and that he sent forward an advap.ce 

squadron, which pursued them rapidly into the villaj^e. He further says, that 

just .before he reached town, he met a young man, by the name of "Berlsham,'" 

who said "he lived five or six miles north of the village; that he was in town 

Avhen the news of their approach was received, and that it prodivced great 

frigl^t and consternation among the citizens as well as the soldie: s encamped 

near. That he was a good Union man, and that when the Confe ^erates passed 

through, they wanted him and his father to go with them, but they would not 

do it, and that their horses were much better than the Confederates." Thi , 

must have been Beverly Beckham. Was he not "soft soldering" the eovu- 

manding officer, and did he not take it in beautifully? They remained but a 

short time in the village, and took back with them, as they reported, eight 

prisoners. Thomas Lewis, of the Piedmont Hotel, Col. Ned Freeman, Judge 

Henry Shackelford, and David P. Stallard, were four of them. Who were the 

others ? Were they citizens or soldiers ? Do any of our people remember ? 

Upon the approach of the Confederate cavalry, a few shots were exchanged, 

and the Federals retired. 

A few days thereafter, tlie writer, avIio was at that time captain of Co. B 
(Rappaliaunock Cavalry,) 6th Reg, was sent from the valley, with his com 
pany, to i-einforce the cavalry, stationed near Culpeper. He also encamped on 
the (jireenwood estate, and picketed the road leading nortli of Culpeper. We 
remained in this neighborhood until the morning of the 21st of May, when 
orders were received to join Jackson in the valley, in his advance on Banks at 
Winchester. As we moved through the town of Culpeper on that morning, 
we halted for a short while in the streets, and the men dismounted. Mr. John 
Turner, a highly intelligent old gentleman, a former resident of Rappahan- 
nock, but then residing in Culpeper, came to the command, mingled freely with 
theboys,^and greeted them all Avarmly, for he either knew them personally, 
or knew their fathers. When the command to mount was given he said good 
bye to many, and took his position on the side walk, and as we moved oflf, we 
left him standing there gaziug, tenderly and earnestly, at the column as it 
moved alo-ng, with the tears rolling down his furrowed cheeks. He was 
a very quiet, passive, undemonstrative man, and the writer Avas deeply im- 
pressed with the feeling and emotion which he exhibited on that occasion. 
All of Culpeper might have joined the old man in his feelings on that occa- 
sion, and could they have lifted the veil of the future, and seen but a few days 
in advance, they would have unquestionably done so, for there marched in 
the ranks of that company, three of ('ulpeper's noblest young men, who, a few 
days thereafter, laid down their lives for their countrj-, and for their country's 
cause. We refer to Sergeant Frank Duncan, William Field and Phillip Field, 
sons of Judge Richard H. Field. The first was a soldier of a year's experience, 
a model one submissive and obedient to orders himself, he exacted obedience 
of others. He was bold and fearless in danger, and was actuated, at all times, 
by a high sense of duty to his country. The last two had but recently joined 
the cavalry service. At the outbreak of the war they were students at the 
Univ^ersity of Virginia, but they laid aside their books, and joined the "Cul- 
peper Minute Men," 8rd. Va. infantry, in which they served till discharged in 
the spring of 1863. The elder, William, was a young man of scmie twenty-two 
or twenty-three years of age, tall and well developed, with a bright and 
cheery disposition, and altogether, one of the handsomest young men we 
ever knew. The younger, Philip, Avas a tall, slender boy of some eighteen 
years, with a face as delicate, as gentle, and as refined as a woman's, but with 
a shade of sadness which but added to the attractiveness of his expression. 


Two days thoreafter, Duncan and Philip Field were killed, and a few days 
followi.MK, William was also slain on the battlefield. Their bodies were sent to 
their homes, and buried in the fainily buryinf? j^round, where they sleep with 
their ancestors of many j?enerations. There names are worthy to be remem- 
bered and cherished by the i)eople of Culpeper amonjj: their heroic dead. The 
death of his two i)romisinfi: sons broke the heavt ot the father, Judfi:e Field, 
who soon sank into a premature grave. 

The Confederate army went into quarters for the winter of 1862-3 on the 
'■xuth side of the Rappahannock river, from the Wilderness to Port Royal, 
wivJi the cavalry bri^irade of Fitz Lee on its left, in Orange and Culpeper coun- 
ties, t,'uarding the Rap^v^ahannoek. The Federal army occui)ied the counties 
of Kiui' George, Staflfoni, and lower Fauquier on the north liank of the Rappa- 
hanno(M"c, with its cavalry on its right. In the early spring of 186:5, Gen. Stone- 
man, then in command of the cavalry corps of the Federal army, ordered Gen. 
Averill, of the 2nd. cavalry division, 'to take a force of about three thousand, 
with six piece) of artillery, across the Rappaliannock river at or near Kelley- 
ville, and to rout and destroy the Confederate cavalry l)rigade of Fitz Lee, 
then occupying 'Julpeper, and encamped in the neighbood of Bi-andy Station' 
and Stevensburg. Gen. Lee's brigade at that time consisted of the 1st., 2nd., 
Srd., 4th. and 5th. Va. regiments, and one battery of horse artillery, com- 
manded by one of the most gallant and promising artillery officers in the 
service, Major John Pelham, of Alaiiama. Lee\s brigade numbered perhajjs 
1200 in all. AverilTs command was about 2100, after making details for scouts, 
l)ickets and couriers. It seems from the records that Gen. R. E. Lee first 
learned of this reconnoi.sance by the Federal cavalry, and as early as 11 A. M. 
on the IGth, notified Fitz Lee of the movement. But it was unknown what 
point the enemy would select for crossing the river. Early on the morning of 
the 17th, the Federal cavalry appeared at Kelley's Ford, at which point the 
Confederates had a strong picket force, commanded by Captain White, and 
by its resistance, and the obstruction which liad previously been placed about 
the ford, the crossing of the Federals was delayed for an hour or more After 
a spirited picket fight at the river, resulting in some loss on both sides, the 
Federals effected a crossing, and, so soon as their purpose to cross at that 
point, with their entire force, was made apparent, Lee hurried his whole com- 
mand in that direction, and at once the battle was joined with great spirit, 
ilash and courage on both sides. The Federals first took a position half a 
mile or more south of the ford, and south of the point where the Stevens- 
burg road turns to the left. The 4th., :}rd. and 16th. Penn., the 1st. and r)th. 
U. S., the 4th. N. J., and 2nd. Ohio constituted the line of battle, with Bak- 
er's brigade in reserve near the mill. The position of the Federals was a strong 
one, protected by woods and and a stone fence in front. It was, however, 
repeatedly charged by the Southern cavalry, the 3rd. Virginia leading in 
the advance, but they were unable to dislodge the Federals from the position 
which they occupied. After rei)eated efforts in this direction, the Confeder- 
ates slowly retired to a position a mile or two in the rear, where the battle 
raged with great fury. "From the time the l)attle was first joined," says Fitz 
Lee, in his report, "it was a series of gallant charge-! by the different regiments, 
aud once by tiie whole brigade in line. My men, same times unable to 
the fences or ditches in their front, behind which the Federals were protected, 
wheeled about, delivering their fire in the very faces of the enemy,and reformed 
again under a heavy fire from their artillery and small arms." Lieut. Holtz- 
man, of (^o. I)., 4th. Virginia cavalry, who kept a diary of all the movements 
of liis (command, tells me that he has it rcH'onled, that" on more than one o(M'a- 
sion, when the charging squadrons of Confederate cavalry would encounter 

fences, they would deliberately halt, dismount, and, under fire of the Federal 
batterries with grape and cannister, as well as small arms, pull aside the 
fences at the corners, to enable them to pass throuprh. The battle continued 
until late in the evening, when the Federals, unable to accomplish the pur- 
pose, for which they had crossed the river, retired. The Confederates were 
perfectly w illing that they should go, and were unable to inflict any serious 
loss iipon them in their retreat. 

Considering the superiority in numbers, the result was a splendid achieve- 
ment for the Confederates, and became the subject of congratulatory orders 
on the part of Gen. Lee to his brigade. But it was not without serious loss in 
both men and animals; about 170 horses w^ere killed, and an equal number of 
men killed and wounded. A peculiarity of the wounds in this engagement, 
was that they were nearly all made with the saber, showing that the battle 
was fought at close quarters, and with great obstinacy. The Culpeper com- 
pany, (Capt. Hill) of the 4th. regiment, was in the thickest of the fight, from 
morning till the enemy retired. The Confederate loss was nnich greater than 
that of the Federals, especially in officers, among the latter were the gallant 
Maj. Puller, of the 5th. cavalry, and Lieut. Harris, of the 4th., and the splendid 
and much beloved Pelham, of the Horse Artillery. The record of this latter 
officer had been bright and spotless, and he had endeared himself to the whole 
aru)y. He was a modest, gentle, unassuming boy, scarcely twenty-one years 
old, and yet he had the coolness of a veteran on the field, and gave great prom- 
ise of future achievements; a genius for war that was brilliant and attractive. 
He was struck on the head with a fragment of a shell, and his skull crushed, 
but before life was extinct, he was brought to the house of Judge Shackleford, 
in the town of Culpeper, where he expired amidst weeping friends and com- 
rades. His death cast a gloom over the entire corps, and the usual badge of 
military moui*ningwas worn for him for thirty daj'S.' 

Again on April 30th., Brandy Station and Culpeper were the scenes of 
another cavalry engagement, though not of as much consequence as some 
others. Just preceding the movement of the Union army for Chancellors- 
viile, Stoneman, with his cavalry corps, crossed the river at Kelly ville, for a raid 
on the Central Railroad, about Louisa C. H., the James river, Kanawha 
Canal, and other points in rear of the Confederate armJ^ After crossing the 
river, Averill, with his division, was sent in the direction of Brandy Station 
and Culpeper, with instructions to destroy the cavalry force that he might 
encounter, while Stoneman, witii the residue of his command, moved lower 
down, and crossing the river at Raccoon Ford, proceeded towards Louisa C. H. 
Averill encountered William H. F. Lee about Brandy Station, and they had 
some pretty lively skirmishing between that point and the Rapidan, towards 
which tren Lee slowly retreated, keeping Averill well in check. Averill had 
consumed so much time in pressing back William H. F. Lee's command, that 
he was unable to join the raid, and, from Rapidair, was recalled to the army at 
Ely's Ford, and, soon thereafter, removed from his command, because of his 
failure to break up and destroy William H. F. Lee. 


But it Wcxs oil the 8th. of June, 1«63, that a most interesting cavalry dis- 
play took place near Brandy Station. It was interesting, attractive and bril- 
liant, to be followed, however, ou the next day, by one more attractive and 
inspiring, anci which occupied a much more prominent place in the history of 
the times. We refer to the great cavalry review of the 8th. of June, 1863, when 
Stuart's whole command passed in review before the commanding general, 
Robert E. Lee. 


Tlie army, at this time, was on the move for Gettysburg. Some portions 
of Longstreet's corps was about Culpeper C. H. Stuai't's cavalry was, at this 
time, perhaps, more efficient in number, drill, discipline, and equipment, than 
at any other period of the war. He had called together his whole command, 
save, perhaps, the brigade of Jenkins, then in the valley of Virginia. The corps 
consisted of Fitz Lee's brigade of five regiments, Hampton's brigade of six 
regiments, William H. F. Lee's brigade of five regiments, William D. Jones' 
brigade of four regiments, and Robertson's brigade of two regiments; twenty- 
two in all, aggregating, perhaps, 8000 men. 

The review tot^k place on what is known as the "Auburn'" estate. A fur- 
row was made with a plow, beginning at a point not far from the dividing line 
between the "Auburn" estate and the Hall estate, and about three hundred 
yards west of the railroad, on the land now owned by Mr. Schlosser, and ex- 
tending, in a line i)arallel with the railroad, along by the broadspreading elm 
tree that stood in the flat in rear of the grave yard, on the Ross estate, quite 
to the run. Along this long straight furi-ow the twenty two regiments of cav- 
alry were formed in tw'o ranks, facing the railroad, extending nearly or quite its 
whole length. The horse artillery, of four batteries (sixteen guns). Captains 
,Brfiathit, Chew, McGregor and Moorman, the whole commanded by Major 
Beckham, was formed in batteries along the ridge in the rear of, and on the 
west side of the branch. It was a splendid military parade; Stuart's eyes 
gleamed with peculiar brightness as he glanced along this line of cavalry in 
battle array, with men and horses groomed at their best, and the command 
arrayed with militarj' precision, with colors Hying, bugles sounding, bands 
playing, and with regimental and brigade officers in jiroper positions. Gen. 
Lee occupied a little hillock, immediately on the west side of the railroad, 
and some three or four hundred yards north of the station at Inlet. The review 
brought together a large number of citizens, ladies and gentlemen, young and 
old, from Culpeper, and the adjoining counties; many were the sly glances cast 
by the soldier boys at the country lassies, as they passed along their front in 
the columns of review. An engine brought down a train of flat cars from Cul- 
peper, filled with soldiers and civilians, to witness the review. Gen Lee, with 
his staff, first rode rapidly along the front of the line, around the left flank, 
then along the rear, around the riglit flank to his position on the hill in the 
front. At the sound of the bugle, taken up and repeated along the line, the 
corps of horsemen broke by right wheel intocolunuis of squadron, and moving 
south for a short distance, the head of the column was turned to the left, and 
again to the left, moving in this new direction, whence it passed innnediately 
in front of the commanding general. It was a splendid military pageant, and 
an insi)iring scene, such as this continent never before witnessed, as this long 
line of horsemen, in columns of squadron, with nearly ten thousand sabres 
flashing in the sun light, with salvos of artillery on the hills beyond, i)assed in 
review before the greatest soldier of modern times Who, that was present, 
will ever forget the swelling of the soul, which he experienced, as he passsd 
the {)osition occuj)ied by the reviewing officers, and knew that the eyes of the 
great Robert E. Lee were upon hi»n. The column moved at a walk until it 
(vime within some fifty or one hundred paces of the position occupied by the 
reviewing general, when squadron by squadron would take up first the trot, 
then the gallop, until they had passed some distancre beyond, when again they 
would pull down to the walk. After passing in review, the several brigades 
were brought again to the position which they occupied in the line, whence 
they were dismissed, one by one, to their respective camps, to be rudely 
awaken«'d early the next morning by the Federal cavalry, who crossed the 
Rappahainiock, determined, for the first time, to measure swords with the 
Southerners, beyond the protection of their infantry. 


After the pfi-eat review, Hampton's brigade went into camp on the south 
of Brandy Station, picketing the lower ford of the Rappahannock, Robertson's 
N. C. brigade to the right of tlie station, Jones' brigade near St. James' 
church, picketing the river from Rappaliannock bridge to tlie confluence of 
the Hazel and Rappahannock rivers, while Wm. H. F. Lee's and Fitz Lee's 
brigades were thrown further forwai'd, in the neighborhood of Oak Shade, 
guarding the river to Waterloo, and scouting the country beyond, to protect 
the flank of the Confederate army, en route to Gettysburg, by way of Gourd- 
vine, Gfaines X Cross, Winchester, and so on. 

This was, substantially, the position of the Southern cavalry when the 
Federals, under Gen. Pleasanton, crossed the river on the morning of the 9th 
of June, to drive back the Southerners, and ascertain the object and purpose 
of the movement of the army under Lee. The Federal cavalry crossed the 
river in two columns, one at Beverly's Ford, consisting of the 1st division, and 
Merritt's brigade of regular cavalry, and a brigade of infantry under the com- 
mand of Gen. Ames, the whole under the command of Gen. Buford. This 
column numbered 3,918 cavalry, 1,500 infantry and two batteries of U. S. artil- 
lery (eight guns). The other column crossed the river at Kelleyville, and con- 
sisted of the 3nd and 3rd divisions of cavalry (3,973 strong), and 1,500 infantry 
under Gen. Russell, and a battery of six guns, the whole under the command 
of Gen. Gregg. Beverly's Ford was immediately in front of Jones' camp, Co. 
A. (Capt. Gibson), being the picket guai-d at that point, and Co. B. (Capt. 
Grimsiey), of the Gth Va. cavalry, at the railroad bridge. The Federals charged 
the ford at Beverly's about day-break, driving the picket guard befoi-e them, 
and pressed with great vigor their advance along the road towards the church. 
However, their progress was resisted with equal pluck, courage, and tenacity, 
by the reserve picket force, and their advance delayed until some portion of 
Jones' command could be gotten in position for battle. When the alarm was 
given of the advance of the Federals, the horses of the cavalry, and of the 
horse artillery, were grazing in the fields near the church, and at one time 
they were in great danger of being captured. The 6th and 7th regiments were 
the first to secure their horses, and move to the relief of the reserve jjicket. 
They were hurried forward, the one on the right, and the other on the left of 
the road leading from the church to the river, and along which the Federals 
were advancing, to assist in holding the attacking party's columns in check. 
As these two regiments rushed forward, they met the enemy's columns in the 
woods, beyond the church, and a hand to hand conflict ensued. The advance 
brigade of the Federals, consisting of the 8th N. Y., 8th 111., and 3rd Ind. regi- 
ments, were held in check by the charge of the Virginia regiments, and its 
commander. Col. Davis, of the 8th N. Y., killed in an heroic eiTort to hold his 
command ready to resist the onset of the Confederates. Maj. Beckham, of the 
horse artillery, a Culpeper boy, a gallant soldier and a brilliant officer, had, in 
the mean time, succeeded in having his horses harnessed and hitched, and one 
or more pieces in position on the elevated knoll near the church. But before 
this, while some of his men were securing the horses, the others wei-e serving 
the guns with all the efficacy that an unfavorable position could attain. The 
remaining regiments of Jones' brigade, the 11th and 12th, and also Hampton's 
brigade, were soon mounted, and ready for action, the latter joining on to the 
right of Jones and Wm. H.F. Lee, coming in on their left, near to and in front 
of the Thompson and Dr. Green houses. The Federals put their infantry in 
position, in the woods, on both sides of the road to the river, with 
their cavalry extending to the right and left, opposite the positions occupied 


by Hampton and liee. The battle was foup:ht here for some hours with ^reat 
fury. The dismounted men on the Confederate side enfj^aj^ing tlie infantry 
on the Union side, and charj^e and counter charj^e was made, time and again, 
along the Avhole line, with mounted and dismomited men. The line of battle 
swayed baek and forth from the woods, in front, towards the church, now 
advancing, now receding. The Federals occui)ied the large body of woods, 
from which the Confederates were unable to drive them, and from which they 
wcT-e unable to advance. In the meantime, the colunm that had crossed at 
Kelleyviile first pressed uj) in the direction of Brandy by the roxite leadnig 
by Elkwood, and Robertson, with his N. C. brigade,\was sent down on that 
road to arrest its progress. This body of the Federals engaged Robertsc i in 
a sharp skirmish for a time, but, so soon as the route to Brandy, by the Thom 
place, was uncovered, the Federal commander eluded Robertson, and moving 
by his left flank, pressed on rapidly in the direction of Brandy. The second 
division of cavalry was first across the river at Kelleyviile, and, so soon as the 
route was ojjened, pressed on to Stevensburg, via Carrico\s mill. A squad- 
ron of this division, which had been hurried forward in the direction of Ste- 
vensburg, reached that point in advance of the Confederate troops sent by 
(ren. Stuart. 

Gfen. Stuart, having learned early in the morning, through Gren. Robert- 
son, as well as by information given by the captain of the pi(;ket guard at 
Rappahannock, that some i)ortion of the forces that had crossed at Kelleyviile, 
was moving in tht; direction of Stevensburg, detached the 2nd S. C. regiment, 
under Col. Butler, to that i)oiut, with instructions to picket the roads from 
Brandy to Carrico's mill, and to Stevensburg. Later in the day, he sent the 
4th Va. regiment, under Col. Wickham, to that point to support Col. Butler. 
A section of artillery was also sent with this i-egiment. The 4th regnuent, 
after crossing Mountain Run, moved across the field to the left of the village, 
and joined a portion of the S. C. regiment, under Lt. Col. Hampton, at or near 
the Doggett house, beyond Stevensburg. By the time a line of skirmishers 
deployed, extending round toward the Hansbrough house, the Federals were 
in their front in force, and rapidly hurled the advance regiments (the 1st 
Mass., 1st R. I., and 6th O.) on Butler and Wickham, and drove them back in 
great confusion. The Union cavalry followed up their advantage, charging 
into and beyond the village, to the Barbour house, in pursuit of the fugitives. 
The gallant Col. Hampton, son of Gen. Hampton, was mortally wounded in 
the liglits near the village, and quite a number of others wounded or taken 
prisoners. After awhile. Cols. Wickham and Butler succeeded in rallying the 
most of their commands, and reformed on the north side of Mountain Run, on 
the Beckham farm. The section of artillery was put in position, and the 
Federals moved down towards the mill, on both sides of the Brandy road. 
The Federals also put their artillery in i)osition, and a lively arcillery duel 
was in progress, when the Federals were ordered to retire from Stevensburg 
by the same route that tliey advanced by, and join the main body at Brandy. 
Why this was done must ever remain a mystery. Why this column, when 
within three miles of Brandy, and almost immediately in rear of the Confed- 
erate position should have been withdrawn by a route twice as long, consum- 
ing twice the time, must ever remain a riddle in military allairs; but so it was. 
We doubt not but that the life of the Confederacy was greatly prolonged by 
the mistakes of its enemies, (ren. Butler lost his leg in this artillery tight at 
Norman's Mill, and Capt. Farley, of South (Jarolinia, a volunteer on GtMieral 
Stuart's staff, lost his life by the same shell that took off (ien. Butler's leg. 
Capt Farley was a noble, gallant, chivalrous num. His body was buried in 

the Citizens' Cemetery at Calpeper, and his relatives and friends, of South 
Carolina, ha\'e recently erected a suitabe-^^.iaft to mark the spot and commem- 
orate his memory. 

It was now, perhaps, mid-day. The 8rd. division of cavalry had, by this 
time, driven in the pickets on the Carrico road leading from Brandy, and was 
rapidly approachinji: the station. Col. Percy Wyndham, a j^allant, dashing 
Englishman, who wa!» making war for the love of it, and who, but a little time 
before, had been captured by Ashby's command, and exchanged, was in com- 
mand of the advance brigade, consisting of the 1st. Maryland, 1st. N. Y., 1st. 
Penn., dashed into the station, and dispersed a small Confederate force that 
was found there. He made some captures of wagons and amV)ulances, and 
then turned his command towards Fleetwood Heights, which had been Gen. 
Stuart's headquarters; but all his papers, and everything else pertaining to 
his quarters, had been removed, save a single tent. A piece of artillery was 
stationed there, and some few orderlies, loungers and camp followers were 
also lingering about the hill. Gen. Kilpatrick, commanding the second bri- 
gade, consisting of the Harris Light Horse, the 10th. N. Y., and 1st. Maine, 
turned to the right, before reaching the station, and moved diagonally across 
the fields towards Fleetwood, to the assistance of Col. Wyndham, who, hav- 
ing moved down the road from l^randy, had charged the heights and taken 
them. Kilpatrick had hurried up his artillery, and put it in ])osition, on the east 
of the railroad, so as to command Fleetwood hill. Col. Wyudham's victory was 
short lived; he had hardly gained possession of the hill, before he was met by 
Hampton, at the head of the Cobbs Legion, 1st. S. C, and 6th Va.. which had 
been hurriedly withdrawn from the field at St. James church, upon the appear- 
ance of the Federals at Brandy. Gen. Stuart also accompanied this column, 
and as it approached Fleetwood, seeing the hill in possession of the enemy, he 
put the command at a gallop, and when it was in striking distance, called out, 
in that clear ringing voice that could be heard above the upi'oar of battle, 
"give them the sabre, boys.'' Then nearly a thousand sabres leaped from 
their scabbards, and with one wild shout, the Confederates rushed in furious 
onset against the Federal cavalry occupying the hill, and hurled it back in 
confusion and disorder. But Kilpatrick came, with his squadrons, to the re- 
lief of Wyndham, and succeeded in regaining a portion of the elevated ground 
on the west of the railroad, but the Jeff Davis Legion and 1st. N. C was by. 
this time on the ground, and placed on the east of the railroad, while the 
nth. and 13th. Va. regiments, and White's battery, also withdrawn from St. 
James, in a gallant charge across the hill, drove back the Federals, who were 
struggling to regain it after their first reverse. The numbers at this point, 
wei-e now about the same, some six or seven regiments on either side, but we 
IH-esume the Federal regiments were numerically stronger than the Confed- 
erates; and then, for an hour or more, there was a fierce struggle for the hill, 
which seemed to have been regarded as the key to the situation. This point 
was taken, and retaken once, and perhaps several times; each side would be in 
l)ossession for a time, and plant its batteries there, when by a successful charge 
it would pass into the possession of the other side, and so it continued until 
victory finally dwelt with the Confederates, and the Federals seem to realize 
their inability to hold it. They slowly and sullenly retired, leaving several 
guns in the possession of the Confederates, with a number of prisoners, and 
their dead and wounded in the hands of their enemy. 

The second and third divisions of Union cavalry that were in front of 
Brandy, after their defeat on Fleetwood hill, swung round to their right, and 
moving just in front of the Stringfellow house, joined onto Buford, Avho as 
soon as the pressure' from his front was relieved, advanced cautiously in the 


direction of Brandy^Station. The Confederates re-arranged tlieir line of battle, 
after getting rid of Gregg at Fleetwood. It will be remembered, in that 
struggle, the Confederates were facing south and the Federals north. As 
Gregg swung around to Buford, the direction of his line was changed, facing 
south, and the Confederates made the corresponding change. Hampton's bri- 
gade was placed on the right of the railroad, looking north, supported l>j' 
Robertson's brigade. The greater portion of the Confederate artillery was 
placed on Fleetwood Heiglits, supported by Jones' brigade, whilst a strong 
line of dismounted men and infantry skirmishers from the 13th. Va. regiment 
were thrown forward a little in advance of the crown of the hill, extending 
westward nearly to the road leading to Dr. Welford's. The fighting in the 
evening was principally between the artillery and dismounted men and infan- 
try in the woods, which, according to our recollection, at that time extended 
from the Brandy road nearly to the summit of the ridge. Late in the even- 
ing the Federal cavalry made a last effort to break and force back the Con- 
federate lines. This occurred on the extreme left of the Confederate line, on the 
summit of the hill near the road to 3)r. Welford's. A column of cavalry pressed 
on up the road referred to and at this point made a gallant and dashing charge 
on the 9th. and 10th. Va. regiments of Wm. H. F. Lee's brigade, supported 
by one of Jones' regiments. This charge was met v.ith great spirit and cour- 
age, and the result wavered long in the balance. Gen. R. E. Lee looked on 
this struggle f ro n the cui)alo of the Barbour house, and is said f o have ex- 
pressed great admiration of the grit and courage manifested by the soldiers on 
both sides. Finally, the Federals gave away, and victory once more favored 
the Confederates. In this charge, apparently by consent, both sides used the 
pistol and the lines approached within a few feet, and the men emptied their 
pistols in each others' faces. To those of us who were not actually engaged, 
l)ut who witnessed the combat at a distance, and heard the fusiladeof pistols, 
it seemed impossibe almost, that any should have escaped injury, and tliat 
the loss of life could l)e so small, but after it was all ovei', and results inquired 
into, and the dead and wounded looked after, it was found that little damage 
had been done. Never after this, if it could be avoided, did the Confederate 
ollicers allow a charge to be made or resisted with the pistol, but always order- 
ed the sabre to be used as much more effective. After this attack on the left, 
the Federals slowly retreated and and recrossed the river that evening at 
Beverley's, and at the railroad bridge. 

Gen. Wm. H. F. Lee w^xs seriously wounded early in the action, and the 
command of his brigade devolved on Col. Davis, of the 10th regiment. Neith- 
er Fitz Lee's or Robertson's brigades participated very actively in the light. 
The former was M^thdrawn from the Little Fork section, and the 2nd. regi- 
ment was slightly engaged on the left, while the 4th. had been detached and 
sent to Stevensburg. The loss of the Federal side was over 000 killed, wound- 
ed and missing; on the Confederate side 48.'). The Confederates captured three 
pieces of ai'tillery, more than a hundred horses, and quite a large number of 
small arms, such as pistols and carbines etc. And thus ended tlie first 
cavalry battle of the war. The Confederates pushed on into Fauquier, on 
the right Hank of our advancing army, with full confidence in their ability to 
meet and vaucjuish their enemy on anything like etpial terms. Upon the 
whole, the battle at Brandy Station was a great victory for the Confederates. 
It ought to have been won by the Federals. Thej^ were greatly superior in 
numbers in their cavalry force, besides being strongly sujjported by infantry. 
There was no fault in the plan of battle, as conceived by the Federal com- 
mander, and if it had been strictly pursued, it would have resulted in a great 

victor\'^ for liiin, but there seemed to be a want of promptness, enterprise and 
spirit in the movement of the two columns. Buford's force, at St. James' 
church, was greatly superior in numbers to the Confederates who opposed 
him, and yet he made but little headway against +heui, consisting of parts of 
three brigades. Gregg had outgeneraled RoV)ertson on the Kelleyville road, 
eluding him and reaching Bi-andy in his rear. Stuart played the same trick 
on Buford at St. James. For when Gregg appeared at Brand}', Stuart with- 
drew the greater part of his force in front of Buford, and hurled it upon Gregg, 
and drove him from Fleetwood. If, when Stuart withdrew from Buford's front 
at St James, Buford had pressed immediately on his heels, he woiald have 
caught Stuart at Fleetwood, between him and Gregg, and he, Stuart, would 
have been roughly handled. As it was,Buford moved slowly, and allowed Gregg 
to be defeated by the same troops that had been holding him at bay. We 
pi'esume tjiat Buford found his infantry both a help and a drawback. A help 
in enabling him to hold his position in front of St. James, for without it, he 
would have been driven back across the the river befoi'e Gregg reached Bran- 
dy ; but a drawback to him when he should have followed Hampton rapidly, 
as he was unwilling to leave it in his rear unprotected. He moved towards 
Brandy at the same time his infantry moved, and allowed Gregg to be beaten 
before he got there, and Robertson, with his North Carolina troops, who had 
been cut ofif on the Kelleyville road, to return Vjy Elkwood, between the con- 
verging columns of Buford and Gregg, almost within a stone's throw of each 
other. But while the victory was with the Confederates, the moral effect of the 
battle was of great value to the Federal cavalry. Up to that point of the war 
the Union cavalry had 1)een of but little service. The Federal generals did 
not begin to know how to organize or use their cavalry, or to appreciate its 
value. The Confederates, on the other hand, had from the very,beginning of 
the war, used their cavalry to the greatest advantage. This bi'anch of the 
service seemed to suit the genius and spirit of oui- people, and it was bi'ought 
to a state of eflBcieney with wonderful rapidity. The victories which crowned 
the Confederate arms for the first years of the war, were due, in a great meas- 
ure, to the skillful manner in which the Confederate generals, Stuart and 
Ashby, maneuveved their cavalrj', and concealed the movements of the Con- 
federate army, thus bringing about a condition which made those great victo- 
ries possible. 

The Federals had been for some time organizing a select body of men for 
cavalry service. By promotion from the infantry, for special merit and other- 
wise, and by oi-ganization, drill, and discipline, they were bringing that body 
up to a high state of efficiency. The Confederates had always held them- 
selves as greatly superior to the Federals in this branch of the service, and 
this seemed to have been conceded by them. At Brandy, for the first time, 
in an open field, with fair fight, with anything like equality of numbers, had 
they been able to maintain themselves against the superior dash and horse- 
manship of the Southrons. But, when a few days thereafter, they met 
again at Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville, it was apparent to the Confeder- 
ates that the Federals had gained in moral, as well as in numbers and disci- 

CULPEPER, FROM AUG. 1st. TO OCT. 1st. 1803. 

The Confederate army returned sullenly and slowly from the disastrous 
campaign of Gettysburg to its old encampments in Culpeper; beaten and 
bleeding at every pore, but not dispirited, and with its confidence in its im- 
mortal leader still unshaken. Now and then, in its slow retreat, it would turn 


on its antagonist, like an animal driven to bay, and exhibit a spirit and wil- 
lingness to suffer annihilation, rather than acknowledge defeat. 

About the last of July, 1863, Longstreet's corps was encamped in the rear 
of Mt. Pony hills, about the village of Culpeper. Ewell, who had made a 
detour further south in his retreat from the valley, crossing the mountains at 
Milan's Gap, was encamped in Madison and Orange counties. Jones' brigade 
of cavalry was in the neighborhood of Rixey ville, Hampton's about Brandy 
Station, Wm. H. P. Lee's toward Rappahannock, while Fitz Lee's was on the 
right, in the vicinity of Fredericksburg. On the second of August the Federal 
commander. General Meade, then occupying the north bank of the Rappa- 
hannock river, directed Genei-al Buford, commanding the 1st. division of cav- 
alry, to make a reconnoissance to the town of Culpeper, and ascertain, if possi- 
ble, the location of the Confederate army. He accoi-dingly crossed the river at 
Beverly's Ford, and at the railroad bridge encountered Hampton's brigade, re- 
inforced in a short time by a portion of Jones', and they joined battle on the 
same ground over which they had fought on the ninth of June. The Federals 
were greatly superior in numbei-s to Hampton, haying a division to a brigade, 
and gradually pressed him back to about where Inlet Station now is. The 
greater portion of Jones' brigade was on the Rixey ville road and had not, to 
this time, been much engaged; but leaving this road at Chestnut Fork, it 
moved across the Rixey and the Bradford farms, and was joined on to 
Hampton's left in this position, just in advance of the Bell farm. At this 
point, a division of infantry from Hill's corps also came on the field and the 
Federals begun to retire. General Stuart was present, and personally 
conducted the movements of his troops, and when he saw the enemy was 
in retreat, he pressed him with great vigor, and sought to convert his retreat 
into a route by hurling his squadrons, with great force and impetuosity, 
upon his rear, but, however, with no very great success. The Federal general 
conducted his retreat with great skill, protecting his rear with a strong line of 
mounted skirmishers, Avhich effectually warded off the blows aimed at his 
main column. The area between the Auburn house and the railroad was one 
vast corn field, in which the corn was then fully grown. This was filled with 
the dismounted men of the Federals and held by them with great tenacity, 
notwithstanding it was swept bj' the Confederate artillery, and penetrated by 
a strong line of dismounted men. In passing through this field afterwards, it 
did not appear that a single stalk of corn had escaped the destructive missiles. 
The Federals had rebuilt the railroad bridge at Rai)pahannock, where Buford 
halted on the south bank, and held a tete de poat on the south side, extending 
his right flank to Welford's Ford on the west, and his left to Kelley ville on 
tlie east, protected bv a line of videttes extending around in this semi-circle 
and located about a hundred yards apart. Innuediately in front of Fleetwood, 
this line of videttes extended across the country from al)ont the Stringfellow 
house to St. James church. 

On the evening of the fourth of August, General Stuart, anxious to ascer- 
tain what the Federals were doing at Rappahannock, and why it was that 
they seemed anxious to hold this small area on the south of the river, with 
Hampton's brigade, and a portion of some other commands, attacked the 
Federals near what is now the station of Elkwood, and drove them back some 
distance towards the river so as to uncover the forces on the south side, and 
develop the objects of the Federal commander. It was a verj' sharp hand 
to hand fight for a time between Buford and Hampton, and was conthn^ted 
with a rush on the part of the Confederates. On the day following (the 5th of 
August), a reconnoissance was sent out by General Gregg, connuanding the 


second cavalry division, encamped at Waterloo, towards Rixeyville, whicli 
resulted in a sharp skirmish between the 11th Va. regiment, Jones' command, 
and this scouting party, in the vicinity of Rixeyville and Muddy Run. The 
Federal column ci'ossed the river at Hill's mill, and then turned to Rixeyville, 
and from thence moved towards Muddy Run, sending out scout- 
ing parties towards Alum Spring church. Colonel Taylor, of the first 
Pennsylvania cavalry, was in command of the scouts, and says in his report, 
that finding himself being flanked at the run by the skirmishers of the llth 
Va. cavalry, concluded it was prudent to retire. Again, on the Sth and 9th 
of August, the Federals advanced and drove back the Confederate pickets in 
front of Brandy, and there was a right smart skirmish for an hour or two. 
The writer recalls an incident, illustrative of the accurate information which 
the Confederates had of the Federal movements and he supposes the Federals 
had information equally as accurate. The reserve picket force of the Confed- 
erates was held at a spring at the foot of Fleetwood hill, 
on the road to Elkwood, and the lines of pickets stretch- 
ed across the country a short distance in front. (jen. Stuart rode down 
to the picket reserves one evening, and addressing the captain of the guard, 
said: "Captain, what is going on with those folks over there," pointing to the 
Yankee picket line. "Nothing;'' replied the captain. "Well," said he, "look 
out, they will be on you in the morning about daylight.'' True enough, next 
morning as the first grey streaks of dawn began to light up the horizon, we 
could see a commotion among them and they called out: "Look out Johnnies, 
we are coming," and begun to fire and advance. 

Scouting parties from the cavalry constantly harassed the right flank of 
the Federals, resting in the Little Fork, with their picket line extending from 
HiU's mill back towai'ds Amissville. Captain McDonald, of the llth cavalry, 
crossed the river at Rixey's Ford on the night of the 2nd of September, and 
captured the picket force at Waterford, consisting of an officer and fifteen 
men. After the first of September the Federal army remained comparatively 
quiet, resting till the 13th of the month, when their whole army moved south 
of the Rappahannock and occupied Culpeper. The Federals advanced in 
three columns. liuford, with his 1st division, directly towards Brandy; Kil- 
patrick, with the third division, crossed at Kelleyville, while Gregg crossed the 
Hazel river at Stark's Ford. Baford, who wa^ immediately in front of 
Brandy, made a demonstration early in the morning, and then seemed to 
turn his columns to the right, as though he ware going on the Rixeyville 
road, along which the principal advance would be made. We presume 
now it was but to protect (^regg in crossing the fords of the Hazel. At 
any rate, it caused the withdrawal of all the Confederate cavalry from 
Brandy to the Rixeyville road, excepting two regiments, the 5th and 6th Va. 
Two or three hours were consumed in maneuvering,and about 10.30 a. m., Bu- 
ford, with the whole of his and Kilpatrick's divisions, appeared on the plains 
of Brandy in front of these two regiments, supported by a section of artillery. 
In a contest so unequal, there was nothing to do but retreat, and while it was 
a rapid one, it was not disorderly. The retreating Confederates kept a strong 
line of mounted skirmishers in their rear, and withdrew by regiments, always 
keeping one regiment and one gun facing their adversaries. An amusing inci- 
dent occurred at Jonas's run, near the railroad crossing. In attempting to get 
the guns across at that point, one of them got stuck in the soft muddy banks. 
Soldiers were dismounted and required to take hold to extricate the piece ; 
among them, was a man by the name of Roe, of the 5th cavalry, a man who 
stammered verv badlv. And as these soldiers were laboring and tugging at 


the wheels, the enemy, pressing on in the rear, took in the situation, and con- 
centrated tlieir fire upon the poor fellows at this work, and made it very liot 
for them. The bullets were striking all around : zip— zip. Roe stood it for 
awhile, but, after a time, it got too hot for him, and he raised up from his 
work, and addressing his captain in an earnest pathetic manner said: " C-p-p, 

Cap, Captain, le-le-let's throw in, and pay for the d d thing, and leave it 

here." One more tug at the wheel brought it safely out to be lost at Culpeper. 
The Confederates had considerable commissary and ordnance supplies at the 
depot in Culpeper, and a freight train had been sent down from Orange to 
remove them, and they were being hurriedly loaded on when the Federals ap- 
peared in sight of the village. The presence of the train, seemed to impress 
them with the idea that supports had been sent down from Orange, and they 
were slow and cautious in entering the village. The Confederates hatl but 
parts of two regiments, with two pieces of artillery, while the Federals 
had the whole of Buford's division, with a part of Kilpatrick's and Warren's 
corps of infantry, but a short distance in the rear. The Confederates 
posted their guns on the hill, bet ween Capt Vinal's and Mr. Chelfs, supported 
by two squadrons of mounted men,whiie the fifth cavalry were dismounted 
at BelPs Ford in order to hold that position, and a portion of the 6th 
dismounted at the railroad ford. The Federal force moved for- 
ward very cautiously, forming their line of battle on the hill about the Ofeorge 
house, extending round to the left, in front of the Wallach house, with two or 
three batteries stationed at intervals along this line. Their batteries were 
turned principally upon the town and the train loading at the depot, with an 
occasional shot at the guns on the hill. At no time during the war, were the 
citizens of the village exposed to such an ordeal as they were that Sunday 
morning, the 13th of September. The day had begun calm and tranquil; 
early in the morning a single gun was heard in the neighborhood of Brandy, 
but as that was not followed up by others, the alarm occasioned by it soon 
subsided, and the people had assembled for worship in the Baptist church, 
where the Rev. Barnett Grimsley, of Rappahannock, was to preach. The ser- 
vices were begun, but before they were concluded the Federals were in front 
of the village, and were sending shells screaming through the town. The con- 
gregation was hurriedly dismissed, the minister mounting his horse, and tak- 
ing his departure. There was considerable damage done to the property and 
some casualties among the citizens. Mrs. Stone, the wife of the Rev. Richard 
Stone, who had recently returned from Africa, was seriously wounded, and 
perhaps others. After the departure of the train, which escaped without in- 
jury, taking off all the stores, the Federals showed a purpose to force an en- 
trance into the village, and for this purpose, sent forward a brigade from the 
centre of their lines to charge Bell's Ford and get possession of the crossing. 
They came down the road, in columns of fours, in beautiful order, and looked 
as though they would sweep every thing before them, but they met at the 
ford a fire from our dismounted men, protected by the large trees, that at that 
time were about that point, which emptied many a saddle, broke up their or- 
ganization, and drove them back in disorder. They, however, rallied, and 
crossing the fields to the east side of the railroad, the embankment of which 
protected them from the fire of the guns on the hill, dismounted some of their 
men, who engaged the dismounted Confederates at the bridge, drove them 
back and opened the way for their mounted men. They charged up the hill 
and made for the guns. They were liere met by the mounted squadrons, sup- 
porting the guns, and driven back under the hill. The guns limbered up to 
retire, one coming back directly towards the depot, the other going down to 


the road in front of Mr. Lathams', The 5th regiment had in the meantime, 
retired from Bell's Ford, and the gun came in on the road in the rear of this 
regiment, the Federal cavalry overtaking it at that point and making a cap- 
ture of it. The Federals pressed the retreating Confederates vigorously 
through the town. On the hill, about where now stands the house of Walter 
West, and again on the slope of the hill towards GreenAvood, a hand to hand 
conflict took place in which the saber was for the most part exclusively used. 
These two regiments, the oth and 6th, lost a number of men at these places, 
who were never afterwards heard of; their bodies were left on the field, and 
we presume they are among the unknown dead of our ceiuetery. 

Before reaching Culpeper, the 3rd division, under Kilpatdck, had turned 
across the country from Brandy to the Stevensburg road, and was having a 
close fight with Hampton's brigade in the valley, at the foot of Mt. Pony, . 
while Jones was tussling with Gfregg on the Rixeyville road with the advan- 
tages on his side. Hampton had not been so fortunate in his unequal con- 
test with Kilpatrick, who was reinforced by some portion of Buford's com- 
mand, sent across Mountain Run, by way of the-Hudson farm. Hampton lost 
two guns, and suffered severely in men and horses, inflicting, however severe 
punishment on his adversary. From the Greenwood hill, the tussle between 
Hampton and Kilpatrick was plainly visible. The entire force on either side 
was in full view. The lines of battle, the advancing squadrons, the charging 
columns, the blazing batteries, the close grip of the skirmishers, made the 
scene, notwithstanding our own close quarters, as inspiring as any that we 
ever witnessed. This will be rejnembered as the occasion on which Mr. Cur- 
tis, living near Georgetown, sought safety from the shells of the Federal guns, 
by taking refuge in the basement of Mr. Jas. Inskeep's house. He had scarce- 
ly reached his supposed place of safety before a shell entered the house, pene- 
trated the basem-^nt, exploded and killed him. An illusti'ation of the sol- 
dier's maxim "that one place was as safe as another in battle." Jones, retir- 
ing by the Rixeyville road, and finding the town occupied by Buford's troops, 
made a detour by way of Catalpa and Thos. Rixey's, and joined 
the forces that had passed through the village on the hill south 
of Greenwood at the intersection of the Orange and Stevensburg 
roads. Just before Jones came up, the Federal cavalry, then occupying 
the Greenwood hill, made an efifort to capture the remaining gun left with 
the Confederates at this point. It was posted in the road, just in advance of 
tlie intersection of the roads above referred to, supported by a squadron of 
cavalry. The Confederates had disujounted the most of their forces here, and 
concealed them in the pines that grew on the west side of the road, in advance 
of the gun. From their position near the Greenwood house, the Federals 
started a column to charge and capture the gun. They came down the road 
and were soon protected by the descent, from the fire of the gun on the hill. 

They ascended the hill, noar the gun, in fine style, and dashed for it Avith 
the confidence of certain capture, but as they passed these pines and exjjosed 
the flank of column, they received a deadly fire at short range from the dis- 
mounted men, which emptied many saddles and scattered the remainder in 
confusion over the fields. All the Confederate forces had now gotten togeth- 
<rr,and occupied a line from the Ward or Thompson hill to the foot of Mt. 
Pony till about night, the Federals drawing off and the fight ceasing. About 
dark the Confederates begun to retreat, and fell back that night to the Rapi- 
dan at Raccoon Ford, and Rapidan Station, Hampton taking position at the 
former, and Jones at the latter place. The ('onfederates occupied the hills 
about the Taliaferro and Nalle houses on the north side of the river, and also 


some points lower down the river about the Robertson house, and perhaps 
other places. 

The next day, Sept. 14th, the Federal cavalry appeared in front of the 
station, and an artillery duel took place between the batteries of the Confed- 
erates on the Nalle hill and the Federal guns posted just in advance of the 
Avoods, on the road to Culpeper, which continued nearly all day. Towards 
evening, the Federals advanced their cavalry with a strong skirmish line in 
front, which movement was met by a corresponding action on the part of the 
Confederates, and a very pretty little fight was on; first with the skirmishers, 
afterwards with the mounted men, in which sabers and pistols were freely 
used, and a number on both sides came out of the fight with sore heads and 
punched backs. Lower down the river, about the Robertson house, the Con- 
federates held the north side of the river till the 19th, at which time the Fed- 
erals, by a strong advance of the infantry and artillery, compelled the Con- 
federates to retii-e to the south side of the river. The Rapidan then became 
the line between the contending armies, and for nearly a month the sharp 
crack of the rifle of the picket, along the banks of the stream, was heard from 
morning till night, and it never died away till the armies were on the move 


On the 9th of October 1863, Gen. Lee, with a view of bringing (len. Meade, 
then encamped in Culpeper, to an engagement, or forcing him back towards 
Washington, broke up his camp in Orange, and moved towards the right flank 
of the Federal army, by way of Madison, C. H., and along the south bank of 
the Hazel river. This movement was preceded by Hampton's division of caval- 
]'y, while two brigades of infantry, one at Rapidan Station, and the other near 
Raccoon Ford, with Fitz Lee's division of cavalry, were left on the Rapidan to 
guard the right and rear of Lee's advancing army. 

About the middle of September the cavalry corps was re-organized. The 
number of regiments to a brigade were reduced to four, thus creating two new 
brigades, of which Lomax and Rosser were given command, and Butler and 
Gordon made brigadiers, to take the place of Robertson and Jones, sent to 
other localities. The cavalry corps was made up of two divisions, of three 
brigades each, of which Hampton, being made a major general, was given 
command of one, and Fitz Lee, also promoted, of the other. Hampton was 
still absent on account of wounds received at Gettysburg, and Stuart moved 
with his division and directed its movement. On the 10th of October he en- 
countered the Federal pickets at Russell's Ford on the Robertson river, and 
drove them back rapidly till he reached James City, where he found Kilpat- 
rick, with the third division of cavalry and a division of infantry under 

Gen. . A severe engagement took place between these forces, in which 

the artillery and dismounted men were principally engaged. The Federals 
made their stand at James City, but were driven back across Crooked Run, 
and took position on the hills of the Culpeper side. The Confederate artillery 
was posted at or near the village, and the property of the citizens of the little 
hamlet, being directly in the line of fire from the Federal guns, suflFered severe- 
ly therefrom. After having fallen back to the Culpeper side of the stream, 
the Federals crossed over a mounted column and attempted to capture a bat- 
tery of Confederate guns, placed in front of the village. The guns were han- 
dled with such skill, and the charging Federals received with such a destruc- 
tive tire from the Confederate carl)iners, posted behind fences.that they precipi- 
tately retreated with great loss. "Without atteujpting to dislodge tliem from' 

the position last taken, Gen. Stuart, leaving one brij^ade in their front, push- 
ed on towards the turn-pike with the residue of the division, and late in the 
evening came into that road at or near Griffinsburg, wliere he encamped for 
the night. The next morning, Oct. llth, he moved down the turn-pike in the 
direction of Culpeper, and finding that he had passed on his right, in the 
neighborhood of Stone House Mountain, a Federal regiment of infantry that 
had been left on picket, as Meade's army retired, sent Capt. Baylcr, a gallant 
otBcer of the 13th Va. cavalry, to the right of the turn-pike to capture this 
command. He soon came in contact with it, and at once charged into their 
midst; after making a short but firm resistance, they laid down their arms. 
Gen. Stuart,in his report, speaks of this as the second occasion, in the last two 
preceding days, in which he had hurled his mounted squadrons on infantry 
columns with entire success. Stuart pressed on down the turn-pike towards 
Culpeper, driving the enemy's rear guard before him, till he reached the hills 
on the west, overlooking the town. Kilpatrick had, in the meantime, fallen 
back from Brown's Store and had massed his cavalry and artillery on the hills 
about the George house, holding the town and the crossings at Mountain 
Run with his dismounted men. Stuart posted his artillery on the hill east of 
the Citizen's Cemetery, and opened a rapid fire on the Federal position, which 
was responded to with equal vigor, and for an hour or more the screaming 
shells passed each other in the heavens in rapid succession over the valley of 
Mountain Run, exploding in the ranks of their adversaries, tearing to 
pieces men, horses, gun carriages, and all the implements of warfare. Col. 
Ferebee, of the 4th N. C. cavalry, with the 5th as his support, was sent for- 
ward to drive the Federals from the crossings of Mountain Run, and to gain 
possession of the town; after a most stubborn fight in the streets of Culpeper, 
and along the banks of the stream, he succeeded in getting possession of the 
town, and driving the Federals from the crossings. In this little fight, in the 
town of Culpeper, the North Carolinians suffered severely. Col. Ferebee him- 
self, together with Lieut. Moorehead, Lieut. Barbour, Lieut. Porter, and many 
others were wounded. Gen. Stuart, after keeping up the demonstration at 
this point for some time, withdrew the greater portion of his forces, and mov- 
ing by the left flank, took the route by way of Chestnut Fork, with the view 
of getting possession of the high ground about the Barbour house, near 
Brandy, in the rear of Kilpatrick. 

On the morning of the 10th, Gen. Meade, having ascertained that the Con- 
federate army was in motion towards his right flank, directed Gen, Buford to 
cross the Rapidau river at Germanna Ford with his division of cavalry, move 
up the south bank of .iie river, and uncover the fords at Morton's and the one 
known as Raccoon, at which point he would be met by the first corps of infan- 
try under Gen. Newton, and thus ascertain the extent and purpose of the 
movement of the Confederate army. Buford effected a crossing on the morn- 
ing of the 10th at Germanna, and succeeded in capturing the pickets at that 
point, and at the other fords up the river towards Morton's, but before reach- 
ing the latter point he encountered the the 5th Va., cavalry, under Col. Pate, 
and his movements were retarded by the presence of this force in his front. 
He succeeded, however, in reaching the vicinity of Morton's Ford that night, 
and gaining possession of some of the little earth works that had previously 
been thrown up in that locality. The first corps, however, did not reach that 
point as was anticipated, but had been ordered to retire towards the Rappa- 
hannock. Early on the morning of the llth Buford was attacked at Mor- 
ton's Ford by the brigades of Lomax and Wm. H. F. Lee, fighting dismounted, 
'■ and by them he was driven from the earth works which he occupied at that 


point. At the same time, Wickham's brifjade of Fitz Lee's division and John- 
son's brigade of infantry crossed the Rapidan river at Raccoon Ford to the 
Culpeper side, and moved doAvn to assail Buford in his flank and rear. Chap- 
man's brigade, of Buford's division was the first to the river at Morton's 
Ford, and it was sent to meet Wickham, who was bearing down on the rear. 
Between these two forces, about equally matched in numbers, occurred one of 
the hardest fought battles of the war. The Federals were in line of battle 
near the Stringfellow (now Spindle house), with one bji ttery in action. The Con- 
federates determined to capture these guns if i)Ossible, and for this purpose 
the 1st. and 3rd. Virginia regiments were ordered forward to the charge; this 
column, the second and fourth were placed in line as their support. Capt. 
Breathit, of the horse artillery, as was his wont, when a cavalry charge was to 
be made, rushed his battery up at a gallop with the charging column till he 
reached close quarters, and then, double shotted with grape and cannister, 
let drive with all his might. Before the charge was completed it was ascer- 
tained that the Federal position was protected by a ditch, impassible for 
mounted troops, and the order to charge, after the movement was well under 
way, was countermanded. In changing front in an endeaver to withdraw, 
some confusion arose in these commands. Finding that the Federals could 
not be reached by a mounted charge, the men were at once dismounted for 
this purjiose, but before they were gotten well in line, the Federal dismounted 
men advanced at a charge. The 4th. regiment, disunuiited, already in line, 
was ordered forward to resist this charge, and did so with such courage, gal- 
lantry and success, as to win the admiration of its coiurades,and the encomium 
of the commanding officers; but the regiment suffered severely. Among 
those who fell were Capts._Newton and Williams, two of the most intelligent, 
gallant and useful offTcers'of the cavalry corps. The Federals, having by this 
time withdrawn their whole force to the north side of the Rapidan, began to 
retreat rapidly towards Stevensburg, pressed at every point by the i)ursuing 
Confederates. The dismounted men moved in line of battle at a double quick 
from Raccoon Ford to Stevensburg, where Buford made a short stand, to pro- 
tect some some of his moving trains. 

May we be pardoned for making here a digression from the general })ur- 
pose of this writing, and call attention to a fact, iliusti-ative of the great sacri- 
fice made by the Southern people for the cause which they believed to be just 
and righteovis. In the little cemetery at Louisa C. H., there is a monument 
which marks three graves. On one side of the base is the following inscrip- 
tion: " To the memory of Robt. C. Towles, Co. •• A, ' 4th V^a. Cavalry, born 
Sept. 6, 1843, killed in battle June 16, 1864." On another side is this : " To the 
memory of J. Vivian Towles, private Company " A," 4th Va. Cavalry, born 
Feb. nth, 183y, killed at Raccoon Ford October 11th, 1863." On 
another side is this inscription : " To the memory of Jas. H. Towles, private 
Co. " A," 4th Va. Cavalry, killed at Spottsylvania C. H., May {)th, 1S(54, born 
Oct. lf)th, 1845;" and on the remaining side is the following: " The only sons 
of the Rev. John Towles." As the writer a few years ago was wandering 
through this country cemetery, he came across these graves, and reading the 
inscriptions on the shaft, there came into and over his soul a swelling tide of 
emotions, which it is vain for him to attempt to describe. 

After a spirited fight at Stevensburg, in which the 2nd, 3rd and 4th regi- 
ments were hurled in successive charges upon the position held by the Fed- 
erals, their lines were broken, beaten back, and they retreated rapidly to- 
wards Brandy Station, halting for a time at Norman's Mill, from which posi- 
tion they were driven by a rapid lire, and taking position on Fleetwood 

Heights, with their artillery aduiiritbly ])oste<l, so as to commaiul all the coun- 
try in their front. The dismounted men of Lomax's brigade, princijjally the 
1st Maryland regiment and the 4th regiment of Markham's brigade occupied 
the -woods at tliat time extending up to Brandy Station, facing towards Fleet- 
wood, whilst the 9th and 10th regiments of William H. F. Lee's brigade, tlirown 
forward across the raih'oad, (charged and dispersed a body of Federal cavalry 
occupying a position a little west of the station. But just as the battle was be- 
ing well joined between Buford and Fitz Lee at the station, Kilpatrick, antici- 
pating Stuart's purpose in leaving his front at (JJulpeper, retreated from that 
point, came rvishing down towards Brandy, and planting lais battery on boVli 
sides of the railroad between the Kennedy and the Wise houses, opened a rak- 
ing fire on the fl ink of Fitz Lee's division engaging Buford. But Kilpatrick 
had scarcely gotten into this position and ready f»)r effective work, before 
Stuart, coming down by the Botts house with two brigades of Hampton's di- 
vision, apjieared on Kilpatrick's left flank, and forced him to change front to 
meet his new adversary. Wickham's l)rigade, except the 4th regiment of Fitz 
Lee's division, was also sent forward from the station to resist Kilpatrick, who 
at once withdrew all his force to the west side of the railroad to meet tliis new 
danger. Stuart hurled his regiments, one after another, in rapid succession, 
upon the flanks of Kilpatrick's columns, breaking up in confusion some por- 
tions of his line, and in turn being broken by counter charges. Buford, see- 
ing the straight to which Kilpatrick was put, pressed forward to his supiiort 
and l)etween him and the Confederate brigades at the station there was a fear- 
ful clash of arms. Tiiere was charge and counter charge, some regiments 
charging four or five times, and sometimes the whole brigade at a time, now 
giving away, now rallying and rushing again to the combat. At one time the 
C^onfederate dismounted men were sui-rounded by the Federal cavalry, but 
undismayed, they continued to fight till their charging comrades brought 
them relief. Brandy Station certainly never before, or since, that time, had 
such . wild waking up. There were charging squadrons in every direction. 
The booming of the cannon from eery little hillock; the clear ringing of steel, 
the sharp crack of the carbine; Ijut above all, and over all, was heard the wild 
shout of battle from the lips of those gallant horsemen as they rushed to the 
..onflict. The Federals finally succeeded in getting all their forces together,and 
rapidly retreated to and across the Rappahainiock that evening. The Con- 
federates encamped that niglit along the south bank about Beverly's and Mil- 
ford's fords. The losses in this day's fight were serious on both sides, but es- 
pecially so to Confederates in officers. Among others that might be mention- 
ed, Ave recall Col. Julian Harrison, of the (ith, Maj. (lillette, of the l^th Va., 
Waller of the 9th., as seriously wounded. The cavalry corps, in the Bristoe 
Station campaign, lost in killed, wounded and missing l;i8(), the greater por- 
tion of which was in this day's lighting. The Federal losses during the same 
time were 1251. 

The Clonfederate hospitals were established at the house of Mrs. Wise- 
Belle 'Pre. The mansion was soon filled, and when there was no longer 
room therein, comfortable places in outhouses, and in the yard, were found 
for sufiering humanity, and all night long did this good woman and her 
daughters, like angels of mercy, minister to the sufferings of the wounded 
that were brought there, many of them to die Ixsfore the morning sun arose. 
Providence has dealt kindly with this good woman, and led her gently along 
the pathway of life, even down to old age, perhaps in answer to the prayers of 
those who survived their sutferings and have ever held her and hers in grateful 
remembrance, and invoked the kindliest benediction of heaven upon them. 


Oil! that tlie present greneratiou could only appreciate and realize all that 
their mothers suffered, endured and sacriliced for the cause of the South. I 
would that their heroic patriotism mif^ht be written in letters of lif^ht that 
would glow forever, and burn into the very souls of their dau<?hters and those 
who succeed them, for all time to come. 

GrefJTfir's division of cavalry was not engaj^ed on the 11th. He had retreat- 
ed on the Rixeyville road, having passed beyond Chestnut Fork before 
Stuart re iche.l th it pohit. He encamped at the Fauquier Suli)hur Springs 
for the night, leaving a strong picket force at Jeffersonton, guarding the 
Hazel river as far up as the Monumental mills. 

Col. Funsten, commanding Kosser's brigade, was sent from Brandy to Rix- 
eyville to move in front of EwelTs corps, advancing by that road. Col. Ball, 
commanding the 11th Va. regiment, was sent forward to drive in the enemy's 
pickets which he found at Rixey's ford, and to follow them rapidly on their 
retreat. When he reached Jeffersonton, he found the 13th Pa. cavalry, post- 
ed near the church, to dispute his progress. The dismounted men of the Fed- 
erals were placed about the Baptist church, behind the stone walls and fences 
which centered to that point, while the mounted men were kept as a support 
a short distance in the roai-. Col. B ill disiu junted his command and attacked 
the Federals in their position, but after considerable loss, was compelled to re- 
tire. The Federals were re-enforced by the 4th Pa., and the Confederates by 
the 7th and 12th Va. regiments. Col. Funsten sent the 12th regiment by a 
circuitous route to the right of the village, and reached the Springs road 
about a mile south of the river. The 7th regiment was sent to the left of the 
village, with instructions to move around in rear of the academy building,and 
attack the force at the church on its right and rear, while a portion of the 
11th was mounted and passed around to the right of the church to at- 
tack them on their left, and at the sama tiina the dismounted 
men were again advanced in the front. This movement on the 
part of the Southerners was eminently successful, and they caught the Feder- 
als on the slope of the hill, in rear of the cliurch, between these two 
converging columns, and, in a gallant charge, routed and drove them back 
in great confusion. In the me intim3, the 12th regiment had reached the 
Springs road some distance north of Jeffersonton, and met on the road, in the 
Beaver Dam woods, the Federal columns retreating from Jeffersonton. The 
Federals caught here between their pursuers and the 12th regiment, were 
charged front and rear, and dispersing through the woods, made their es- 
cai)e as best they could; many, hviwever, were made prisoners. 

The Confederate cohnnn then pressed on towards the Si)rings. They 
found the ford of the river strongly guarded with cavalry and artillery, and 
so soon as the Confederates cam:^ in sight, the batteries of the Federals, po-st- 
ed on the hills about the Sprinjrs, opened a terrilic fireu[)on them; but, nothing 
daunted, they charged the ford of the river with a rush, crossed over, drove 
the enemy away and obtained a foot hold on the north bank. Fitz Lee's di- 
vision crossed the river at Foxville, where they liad quite a little fight with 
the Federal cavalry occupying the north bank. The greater portion of the 
Southern army crossed the river that night, and thus the tide of war once 
more rolled away from the shores of ('ulpeper, but to come again at its ebb on 
the 2()th of October, when the Southern army re crossed to the south bank of 
the Rapi)ahannock, and occupied Culpei)er after the failure of 'ixVA. Lee, in 
the Bristoe Station campaign, to bring (xen. Meade to a general engagement. 
The infantry, encamped near the river, extended from Welford's on the 
west, to Kelleyville on the right, and back towards Brmdv and Stevensburg. 

At Rappahannock Station the Confodoratcs had a pontoon bridge and held a 
tete de pent on the north side of the fortified hill overlooking: the station. 
Eweirs corps was encamped in the rear of Kelleyville, Rhodes' division occu- 
pying a position nearest the river and guarding the crossing in its front. About 
mid-day on the 7th of November the Federals appeared, in heavy columns, in 
front of Rappahannock and Kelleyville, and at the latter place effected a 
crossing during the day. The 2nd N. C. regiment,of Ramseers' brigade, num- 
bering about 250 men, was on picket duty at Kelleyvill'^, Wheatley's and Stev- 
en's fords. Rifle pits had been constructed near the river at Kelleyville, com- 
luanding the ford and the site of the old pontoon bridge, but these defences 
were commanded by the hills on the north side, which closed into the river 
rather in the form of a semi-circle. The Federals put three or four batteries 
in position on the north side of the of the river, and opened a terrific fire on 
the picket force along the river at Kelly ville, and soon drove them to seek 
such shelter as they could find. Massie's Confederate battery was put in po- 
sition on the south side about a half mile from the river, and engaged the en- 
emy's battery, but the latter was so much superior in numbers, and in met- 
al, that the Confederate guns were soon either silenced or driven to change 
their positions so frequently that they were of little service. An effort to re- 
enforce the pickets at the river also proved unavailing, because of the exposed 
nature of the ground, over which the re-enforcements attempted to pass, to 
the Federal batteries on the other side. So it was that the Federals, under 
the protection of their guns, succeeded in forcing the passage of the river, and 
capturing nearly all of the Confederate pickets at that point. Rhodes' divis- 
ion and perhaps jjarts of Ewell's corps, was formed in line of battle a mile oi* 
more in rear of the river, and so remained till after night, but the enemy 
made no further movement than to eflfeet a lodgement on the South bank of 
the river. During the night of the 7th the Federals iiiassed a heavy column 
in front of the tete de pont at Rappahannock Station, charged the position 
held by the Confederates on the north bank of the river, and succeeded in 
taking possession of the same, and capturing the greater part of Hays' and 
Hokes' brigade, together with a number of guns and other materials of 
war. The Confederate army fell back that night, and took up a position in 
advance of Culpeper, where it awaited during the next day the attack of the 
Federals. The line of battle, selected by Gren. Lee, extended from the foot of 
Mt. Pony, a little south of the Massie house on the right, across Moun- 
tain Run, along southward of the Hudson house, and north of the Williams 
house to the high ground on the Brandy road between the Bell and the Hall 
farm, thence along in front of where Mr. Daniel now lives and the Clevelajid 
estate, to the road from Chestnut Fork to Brandy Station, with Hampton's 
ton's division of cavalry on the right beyond Stevensburg, and Fitz Lee on 
the left in the direction of Rixeyville. An admirable line; certainly the best 
that military skill and wisdom could have selected in this locality. Here Gen. 
Lee remained in line of battle all the day of the 8th., inviting an attack from 
Gen. Meade, but for some reason, he did not join battle with the Confederate 
chieftain at this time. There was more or less skirmishing going on all day 
between the skirmish lines, attended perhaps with some little loss to both 
sides. The Confederates lost the day before at Kelleyville some 20 or 30 men, 
killed and wounded, and about 200 taken prisoners. On the night of the 8th 
Gen, Lee fell back to his old encampment in Orange, south of the Rapidan ; 
his army retired leisurely without any collision with the Federal advance, 
even between the cavalry, and the last serious fighting on Culi^eper's soil was 
at an end. 


From this time till May, 1804, when Grant moved south of the Rapid an 
river for his }<reat campaign in the Wilderness, more than a hundred thou- 
sand Federal soldiers were encamped within the limits of the county. But 
during his time the right flank of his army was much harrassed by scouting 
parties of Southern cavalry that were wintering in Madison, Rappahannock 
and Fauquier counties, and also by Mosby's command found in the same lo- 
cality. The left of Grant's emcampment was protected and guarded by a line 
of pickets extending from Crooked Run, near Brown's Store, across the turn- 
pike, a little west of Stonehouse Mountain, by Apperson's gate on the Eldo- 
rado road, thence to Muddy Run about Coon's, to the river. Scarcely a night 
passed that this line was not disturbed at one or more points by dismounted 
cavalrymen, who were looking for a remount, and a number of good horses 
were suppled by Uncle Sam to do service for the Confederates during the 
next summer campaign. Many of these adventures were perilous in the ex- 
treme, but they were performed with a coolness and audacity that was indeed 
marvelous. Confederate soldiers, whose homes were within the Federal lines, 
made frequent visits to old Culpeper, to see the loved ones at home, the girl 
they left behind them, and made hair breadth escapes from capture. All these 
incidents are worth recording as a part of the history of the times. But of 
course the particulars of but few of them are known to the writer. We recall 
an incident of this character, which we will venture to put upon record. On 
November 2-lth, 1863, Capt. R. R. Duncan, a typical soldier, brave and fear- 
less as Julius Caesar, a splendid horseman, an excellent swordsman and a good 
shot, stout, active, alert and atheletic, and of great wisdom, sagacity and cool 
judgement in times ol danger, was with some 15 or 20 men of his company, 
scouting along the flanks of Meade's army. Finding the picket post on the 
turnpike not far in advance of Stonehouse Mountain, he sent forward a few 
men and by a dexterous movement to their rear, succeeded in capturing the 
two soldiers on the post. Feeling assured that the enemy would send out a 
scouting party to ascertain what had become of their pickets, and what force 
was prowling about their front, he concealed his little band in the woods near 
Salem church. Soon thereafter, about a company of Federal soldiers appear- 
ed, moving up the turnpike. He maintained his position till they had passed 
his front; he then came in on their rear, and immediately charged them, cap- 
turing the most of them and dit^persing the residue. But immediately in 
their rear came the 3rd W. Va. cavalry, under Maj. Conger, to their support. 
With a number of prisoners, captured horses, and arms on his hands, it be- 
came a very difficult matter for Capt. Duncan to make good his escape, but he 
»o skillfully and boldly managed his little force, now using them as mounted 
skirmishers, and again chai'ging with them on the advance guard of the pur- 
suing columns, that, after being pursued for several miles, he succeeded in get- 
ting off with all his captured, both men and animals, without loss to his com- 
mand, but inflicting considerable loss to the Federals. One officer was killed, 
two others wounded, and other casualties among the enlisted men. Permit us 
to also i)ut on record another incident in which a citizen of Culpeper county 
was the principal actor. About the latter part of December, 1864, a column of 
Federal cavalry, under the command of Gen. Torbett, passed through Cul- 
peper, returning from a raid in the direction of Charlottesville. As it passed 
along the road in the neighborhood of Rixeyville, some four or five strag- 
glers made their way to the home of Mr. J. W. Timberlake, who lived 
about a mile west of the main road. Mr. Timberlake was very 
kind to them, and gave them of what he had. After gettingsomething to eat 
and rummaging through the lower parts of the house and taking what they 



cliose, all left, except one, who seemed deteniiined to explore every nook and 
corner about the building and appropriate to himself everythinji: that suit- 
ed his fancy. In his search he had {j:one into the upper rooms, Mr. Timber- 
lake following him. In one of the upper rooms he found a bureau or some ar- 
ticle of furniture of that kind, which he immediately begun to examine, emp- 
tyin^^ the contents of the drawers on the floor and putting some of the articles 
in his haversack. Mr. Timberlake stood it very patientlj', until he began to 
scatter on the floor the articles of clothing which belonged to his dead wife, 
and which had been packed away there. This was too much for him, and 
stepping back to the fire place he grasped a heavy wrouglit ii-on shovel, and 
sti'iking him with all his might on the head witli this heavy instrument, felled 
him to the floor. In a moment he saw tliat he had killed him, and what was 
to be done? Looking from his window he saw a squad of Yankees approaching 
his house, and there he was with the dead soldier in his house and the horse 
tied to the rack. 

He had a son, Edward, then about twelve years of age, whom he directed 
to mount the horse and make for his life to the woods in the rear. The Yan- 
kees seeing him, and thinking that he was a Confederate, made pursuit and 
passed beyond his house. While they Avere gone in pursuit of the boy, Mr. 
TimVierlake and his daughter. Miss Senie, managed to get tlie dead soldier 
from the upper room to tlie basement and put him in one of the lower rooms. 
When the soldiers returned and asked who it was that they were pursuing he 
informed them that it was a half witted boy, the son of one of his neighbors, 
who seeing them approach, became frightened and fled, and thus he quieted 
their apprehension. They dismounted, and lie gave them something to eat 
and they sat at the table and ate tlieir meal in a room adjoining that in which 
was the bodj- of tlieir dead comrade. The old gentleman, in speaking of this 
years after the war, said " that when he put the soMiev in the basement he 
was not quite dead, and kicked a little as he cari-ied him down the steps, and 
while his comrades sat at the table eating their meals he was very much afraid 
that he would kick up a row in the cellar room adjoining. His body remain- 
ed in the house until midnight or after, when Mr. Timberlake and his daugh- 
ter took it therefrom and jalacing it in an ox cart, hauled it to the woods and 
buried it. And he rests not only in an unknown, but a dishonored grave. 


On the 26tli of June, 1862, tlie Federal Government organized what was 
called the Army of Va., consisting of three corps, of which the first was com- 
manded by Gen. Sigel, the second by Gen. Banks, and the third by Geq. 
McDowell. Gen. John Pope, who had earned some reputation as a fighter, 
was given command of this army, and made liimself ridiculous in the eyes of 
military men on both sides "by issuing" his bombastic order, upon assuming 
command, of "Head Quarters in the Saddle." 

McClellan, having been defeated in front of Richmond by Lee, had sought 
shelter on the banks of the James River,under the protection of his gunboats, 
and had been so battered, bruised and broken in his seven days contest, that 
he concluded he would be unable to resume the offensive without fifty 
thousand additional troops, which his government, at that time, 
was nnable to supply, without exposing the Capitol to attack. It 
was thought best in the Federal military councils, in this condi- 
tion of affairs, to move upon Gordonsville with the army of Va., and thus 
threaten Lee's left and rear at Richmond. This army,with this object in view, 
took position to threaten Gordonsville and CharlottesviIl§. Bank's 

corps Wcas in ila pp. iliannock, Si^jrel's about Waterloo and JefTersonton, 
and a division of McDowell's was in Culpeper, with the reuiainder at Freder- 
icksburij. A brijj:ade of Federal cavalry, under Buford, was at Madison Ct. 
House, while another, under Bayard, Avas near Crooked Run church. During 
the months of July and Augrust, the cavalry of Pope's army was very active 
and enterprising. It several times crossed the Ripidan on reconnoissance.and 
made its way to and beyond Orange C. H. towards Gordonsville. 

Ashby's bri<j:ade of Confederate cavalry, now under the command of B. 
H. Robertson, which had been left in the valley, to conceal Jackson's move- 
ment towards Richmond, was withdrawn, and placed in position between 
Uordonsville and Oranj^e, to watch the Rapidan, wliilst Ewell's, Hill's and 
Winder's, or Jackson's old division, all under the connnand of Jackson, were 
quietly withdrawn from Lee's army below Richmond, and placed in camp 
in rear of Gordonsville. Jackson conceived the idea of defeating Pope by a 
rapid movement to Culpeper, thrusting himself between the wings of his 
army, and defeating them in succession. Jackson had 23,000 men, of which 
1,200 was cavalry. Pope had 46,000, of which 0,500 was cavalry, but his army 
Avas scattered over a large area. On the evening of the 7th of Aug., Jackson 
began his movement towards Culpeper. Ewell's division moved from its 
camp near Gordonsville, towards Liberty Mills, whilst Winder's and Hill's di- 
visions moved towards and encamped for the night, near Orange C. H. 

Jackson expected to reach Culpeper early the next day, being only 18 
miles distant. On the morning of the 8th, the cavalry crossed the river at 
Barnett's Ford, and drove back the enemy's cavalry towards Madison C. H. 
and Locust Dale. Ewell came down from Liberty Mills, on the north bank of 
the river, and came into the (vulpeper road, south of Locust Dale. Tlie Fed- 
eral cavalry was very active, and was handled with great ability. The 
march of the Confederate columns was greatly impeded by the threatened in- 
cursions of this cavalry on the Confederate trains from the direction of Madi- 
son C. n. Jackson was too feeble in this arm of the service for an advancing 
army, and his small force had to be divided to protect his train and to jiress 
back the enemy's cavalry in front. It was hardly sufficient for both purposes 
and made but slow progress. This, together with the intense heat and dust of 
the day, the confusion in which the colunuis of Winder's and Hill's divisions 
had fallen, in respect to the order of their march, and the intermingling of 
tlieir trains, blocked the road and made the progress on the 18th remarkal)ly 
slow. Ewell's division reached Locust Dale, and Avhllst the Confederate cav- 
alry gained possession of the fords at Robertson's river and (Jrooked Run, en- 
camped for the night north of the latter stream. Winder's division had 
cro.ssed the river at Barnett's ford, but Hill was still on the south side of the 
river. Jackson communicated with (jen. Lee from Locust Dale on the even- 
ing of the 8th, and stcited that he feared the enterprise would be a failure, by 
reason of the day's delay, (xen. Pope, it seems, Avas aware of the movement of 
Gen. Jackson early on the 7th, and immediately ordered his forces to concen- 
trate at Culpeper. Banks began his movement from the Rappahannock on 
the morning of the 8th, and encamped that nif^ht at Hazel river, on the Sper- 
ryville turn pike. Rickett's division, of McDowell's corps, that had been en- 
camped north of Culpeper, Avas moA'ed forward on the 8th, and took position 
near Colvin's old tavern on the Madison road, to resist the moA'ement of the 
Confederates, reported by Buford to be moving by Avay of Madison C. H. 
During the 9th l^ank's corps passed through Culpeper, and was thrown for- 
Avard on the Orange road, in the neighborhood of Cedar Run. CraAvford's bri- 
gade ot William's div'n, consisting of the 28th N. Y,, 4Gth Pa., 10th Me., and ftth 

' ^ 123 
Coiui., with two batterieR of artillery, wan sent forward on tlieSth to support 
BayiU-d's cavalry, and took i)06ition behind the hills innnediately south of Ce- 
dar Run, and there remained during the night of the 8th., whilst Bayard\s 
cavalry was kept well to the front. Early on the morning of the 9th the Con- 
federate army, with EwelTs division in front, was again put in motion, but Its 
movements were slow. The day, as the one before, was intensely hot and the 
road was a narrow one; the force of Confederate cavalry in front was insuf- 
ficient to drive back, with rapidity, the Federal cavalry. At the extreme 
south end of Cedar or Slaughter's Mountain, Hay's brigade, of Ewell's divis- 
ion, consisting of 5th, Gth, 7th, 8th and 19tb. La. regiments, deflected from 
the main road, and passing across the fields to the base of the mountain, east 
of James Garnett's house, hugged the mountain closely and advanced along 
its base, under cover of the woods. Trimble's brigade, of the same division, 
consisting of the 12th Ga., 21st N. C, and 15th Ala., also left the Culpeper 
road at a point a little further north, and passing to the right by a, cluster of 
pines, a little south of the Major house, reached the base of the mountain 
about where the road crosses it. 

In the meantime, the Federal cavalry had been massed in the valley, on 
the south branch of Cedar Run, north of the Major house, 
and south of the Crittenden house and the one regiment of 
Confederate cavalry, the Gth Va., then with the advance of Ewell's 
division, was unable to dislodge it^ without the aid of the Confederate infan- 
try and artillery. Early's brigade, of Ewell's divison, consisting of the 13th, 
25th, 31st, 52nd and 58th Va. regiments, wliich was marching in front, had, in 
the meantime, reached the intersection of the Waylandsburg and Culpeper 
roads.' Maj. Courtney, chief of artillery of Ewell's division, posted two bat- 
teries, Capt. Dement's and Capt. Brown's of Maryland, on a small knoll on 
which there were growing pines, a short distance south of the Major house, 
whilst Capt. Lattimer's, and a section of Johnson's batteries, were sent for- 
ward with the advancing columns of Trimble and Hay, until they reached a 
position well up on the mountain side, not far below the Slaughter house. 
With a view of closing in on the rear of the Federal cavalry, massed in the 
valley, as before stated, Early's brigade moved from its position, at the inter- 
section pf the roads, and bearing well to the left of the road, under cover of 
the hills, so as to keep out of sight, reached the Culpeper road, and crossed it 
to the east at a point about one-half of a mile south of the Crittenden gate, 
and bore well down on the flank and rear of the cavalry in the valley. When 
his skirmishers engaged those of the cavalry, the batteries, posted Vjy Maj. 
Courtney, also opened on their ranks. They broke and fled up the valley by 
the Crittenden house, but were rallied and reformed near the centre of the 
Federal lines on the main road. 

Early then advanced his brigade and took position, first in line of bat- 
tle along the"'road leading from the Crittenden house, which he occupied 
for a short time, then advanced his lines towards the summit of the hill 
overlooking the valley between the Crittenden house and where now 
stands the Smoot house. Three guns of Brown's and Dement's batteries were 
moved forward, and took position on the knoll of cedars a little north and 
west of the Crittenden house as did also several guns of Dement's and D'Ar- 
quin's batteries, at a point little nearer to, and north east of the Crittenden 
liouse. Ewell, with the residue of his division, had reached a position at the 
extreme north end of Slaughter's Mountain, keeping his infantry well under 
cover. Tlie Federal commander, Gen. Banks, had, in the meantime, been 
busy organizing his line of battK', to meet the advance of the Confederates. 


MtiGilvery's battery of six ffuns, and Robertson's and Gary's of four priins, 
were placed in position on the north side of the Mitchell's Station road, in 
front of the Hudson house jwintiuf? southeast, commanding the valley of the 
south branch of Cedar Run, and fronting the Confederate batteries on the 
slope of the mountain. Best's, Beamer's, and Knapp's batteries, of four {runs 
each, were placed in position'in the anj^le of the Mitchell's Station and Cul- 
peper roads, and Mullensburf^'s battery of four gruns was placed on the west 
Bide of the Culpeper road, on the hif^h prround just in advance of the point 
where the road to Mrs. Brown's house leaves the Culpeper road. Gen. Prince's 
brifrade, of Gen. Augur's division, supported by the brig^ade of Gen. Greene, 
occupied the extreme left of the Federal line of battle; it was placed astride 
of the Mitchell's Station road, with the 103ik1 N.Y. on the left, on the north of 
the road, and swinging round to the south and west in the angle of the road, 
were placed the following: re^jiments, in the followinor order: the l(K»th Pa., the 
3rd Md., and 11th Pa. Then came Gen Gary's briprade, of the same division, 
continuing: the line of battle in the followini? order: the 5th O. on his left, con- 
necting: with Prince, then the 6th Ohio, 7th Ohio, and 29th. Ohio reg:iment8. 
Crawford's brigade, of William's division, came next in order of battle, with 
the 5th Conn, on the east side of the main road, and the 28th N. Y., 4r»th Pa. 
and 10th Maine in the order named, their right being thrown back eonsidera 
ble to the rear. Still to the right of this was Gordon's brigade, of the same 
division, in two lines, with the 2nd Mass. and 3rd Wis. in the first, and the 27th 
Ind. in the second line. The cavalry of the Federal army was massed aV>out 
the centre of the line, near the main road, and behind the range of hills on the 
west. Winder's division, of the Confederate army, was now coming on the 
field, and four guns of Carpenter's and Poague's batteries were placed in posi- 
tion in the open field, in front of the Crittenden gate, on the east side of the 
main road, and shortly afterwards five rifle pieces of Hill's division, belonging 
to Caskie's, Fleet's and Pegram's batteries, were, by direction of Col. Walker, 
chief of artillery of Hill's division, placed along the ridge in front of Early's 
brigade, and but a short distance from the Federal skirmish line, extending 
across the corn field. 

These dispositions for battle made by the two armies, consumed some 
time, and it was not till half past three o'clock that the battle opened, with 
nearly the whole of the artillery on either side in position; twenty-six of the 
best guns on the Confederate side, and twenty-eight on the Federal side were 
engaged, and for two hours they thundered at each other across this narrow 
valley, whilst further disposition was being made for tlie struggle between the 
infantry at closer quarters. 

Garnett's brigade, consisting of the 2l8t, 48th, 47th and Ist Va. regiments, 
was ordered to move to the left through the woods, over the ground 
which is now the cleared ground about the Throgmorton house, and, if possi- 
ble, reach the right of the Federal line, turn it, charge and captui'e the bat- 
tery posted on the west side of the road. Upon reconnoitering the situation, 
it was found impracticable to execute this order. It was found that the right 
batteries, on the Federal line, were supported by infantry, posted in and in 
rear of the woods on the high ground, on what is now the Cooper farm, and 
the greater y)ortion of the cavalry was also massed under the protection of 
the same hill. This brigade was then placed in line of battle, along the crest of 
the hill, in the rear of the wheat field, which lay between the two lines of bat- 
tle, with its right consisting of the 48th and 21st regiments, thrown back 
along the road and facing north east, with a view of protecting the batteries 
in this field from an approach in front, whilst the 42nd regiment and Ist Va. 

battalion were in line fronting;: tlie wheat-field. The 1st. Va. Wcis on the ex- 
treme left, and an interval existed between that and the next regiment in line. 
About this time Gen. Jackson appeared on this part of the field. He at once 
saw that the exposed condition of his left flank invite.d an attack, and that the 
nature of the ground was exceedingly favorable for such a movement on the 
part of his adversary. He directed Gen. Garnett to look well to his left, and 
to request his division commander to reinforce him. Gen. Taliaferro's 
brigade, consLsting of the 10th, 23rd, 37th and 4:7th Va. regiments, and the 
48th Ala., having arrived on the field, was placed in line of battle along the 
road leading to the Crittenden, in support of the (confederate batter- 
ies and connecting with Gen. Early on the right. About this time Gen. Win- 
der was killed by a fragment of an exploded shell. He is said to have fallen 
in the main road, a short distance south of the Crittenden gate, and about 
where the fence of the Throgmorton land now comes to the road. 
There was some delay in reinforcing Garnett, owing to Winder's death 
and the change of division commanders on the field, and before it was 
done. Gen. Banks, contrary to the orders of his superior, perhaps, advanced 
his whole line of battle to the attack, although numerically weaker than 
Gen. Jackson. 

The two brigades of Augur's division, with a battalion of the 8th and 
12th U. S. regulars, under Capt. Pitcher, thrown forward as skirmishers, ad- 
vanced in the centre, through the corn field on what is now the Smoot fann, 
and assailed Early vigorously. He was sorely pressed by these two brigades 
of Geary and Prince for a time, but being reinforced by Taliaferro's brigade 
on the left, and a portion of Thomas' Georgia brigade, of Hill's division, on 
the right, the progress of the Federal advance was soon arrested. The Fed- 
eral line was also reinforced, by Greene's brigade, which was put in on the 
left as a suppoi-t to Prince. The contest in, and in front of this corn field, was, 
for a time, stubborn and sanguinary. The Federal loss was very serious for 
the numbers engaged and the time the engagement lasted. Gen. Prince, in an 
effort to rally his broken command, was taken prisoner in this field by a pri- 
vate of the 23rd Va. regiment, suri'endering his sword, however, to Gen. Talia- 
ferro. But the Confederates were not so fortunate on their left. 
Before this portion of their line could be extended and reinforced, 
the Federals advanced. The two brigades of Crawiford and Gor- 
don, constituting the right wing of the forces engaged, the former in advance 
and about seventeen hundred strong, the latter in support, and still further 
to the right, were moved forward from their position behind the wooded hill 
to the assault on the left flank of the Confederate army. They moved from 
thejr position across the wheat field, in splendid order, with banners flying 
and confident step, and entered the woods on the south of the wheat field, 
overlapping and enveloping the left of the Confederate lines, breaking and 
routing the major part, if not the whole of Garnett's brigade, leaving the way 
open to the Confederate rear. The Federals pressed rapidly forward, and 
swinging around to their left, passed over the ground about where now 
stands the Throgmorton house, and well nigh gained the main road. Talia- 
ferro, whose brigade was engaged with the Federals in the corn field, attempt- 
ed to change front to meet this advance on his flank and rear. Some of his 
regiments, then for the first time under fire, becoming panic stricken by this 
destructive ^i:e on their flank, broke and fled in utter rout. The artillery on 
the extreme left was withdrawn to escape capture. The whole left wing of the 
Confederate army seeming, for a time, to be broken and shattered, suffered 
great loss. Every field officer in Garhett's brigade had been killed 


or woiiiuled. It was for a time a scene of great confusion. 
Officers were in tlie melee, tryinj^: in vain to rally their troops. 
Jackson, himself, appeared upon the scene, and drawing his sword, as it is 
said, for the first and only time during the war, commanded his men to rally 
and follow him againsc the advancing columns of the enemy. He remained 
with his discomlited troops, till reminded by Gen. Taliaferro that it was liard 
ly a proper place for the chief officer in command. 

Just at this juncture the Stonewall brigadcconsisting of the 2nd, 4th, r)th, 
27th, and 'SM\\ Va. regiments, under the counuand of Col. Roland, appeared on 
the field. These regiments had been greatly reduced in numbers by the val- 
ley campaign and the seven days battle in front of Richmond, l)ut they Avere 
staunch veterans of more than a dozen conflicts, antl were not easily discom- 
fited. This brigade was rapidly deployed in line in the woods on the west of 
the road, with its right extended, and left thrown back, and opening its ranks 
to allow the fugitives to pass through, boldly moved forward and opened a de- 
structive fire on their enemies. Unfortunately for the Federals, especially 
Crawford's brigade, they had advanced too far from their supports, and suf- 
fered their line to become broken up in their rai)id advance, and were not in 
a condition to receive the attack of this fresh Confederate brigade. They 
halted, attempted to reform their lines to meet their fresh antagonists, but 
with little avail. They were swept away before the onset of the Stonewall 
brigade as chaff before the wind, with frightful loss. The battle was at once 
renewed with great vigor. Jackson ordered an advance of the whole line. 
Ewell on the right, deploying his Alabama regiment as skirmishers, moved 
down from the mountain slope and extending his right brigade, under Trimble, 
reached Cedar Run and essayed to strike the Federal rear on the north side of 
the stream, but was prevented from crossing by the obstruction of an old mill- 
pond. The 2nd. and 6th, Va, cavalry (the 13th. having been detached to guard 
the left towards Thoroughfare Mountain, and the 7th. sent to Madison Court- 
house), moved down the valley of the south braneh of Cedar Run, and occu- 
pied the space l^etween Early and Ewell. Ewell, finding that he could not 
cross the run, turned Trimble's brigade on the Federal batterries on the left 
of their line. The valley, immediately in their front, was so completely swept 
by the Ccnfederate batteries on the slope of the mountain, that Trimble's 
troops could not pass over it till a staff officer had been dispatched to order a 
cessation of their lire. In the meantime the Federal l)atteries had been with- 
drawn, and the left was in retreat, (ien. Branch, coming on the field with his 
splendid l)rigade of North (^larolinians about the time of the Confederate ad- 
vance, was ordered *o the support of the Stonewall brigade, and formed his line 
in the woods on its left at right angles to the road, followed by Pender's bri- 
gade, moving in colunui still further to the left. Taliaferro's brigade was 
quickly rallied on the right. Many of (Tarnett's men came back to the field, 
and fell in with tlie Stonewall brigade, which, with Branch's brigade, moved 
rapidly forward through the woods, and entering the wheat field, passed over 
the high ground, closing in towards the road, and by well directed volleys, 
crushed in and routed the Federal right with great loss of life, especially iu 
Crawford's brigade, which, in killed, wounded and nn'ssing, lost more than 
half their number: 80r out of l,(j7J taken into iiattle; Gordon's brigade also 
suffered severely. 

The Federals attempted to retrieve the fortunes of the hour by a charge 
of cavalry on the ('onfederate lines as they emerged frouj the woods into the 
wheat field. Maj. Falls, with two squadrons of the 14th. l*t!nn. cavalry, pass- 
ing from behind the high ground on the west of the road, formed his command 

in column of sciuadions, and cluirj^ed down the little valley in the wheattield 
on the Confederate line just an it had crossed the branch and entered the Held. 
But they were met with such a well directed lire in front, as well as from the 
troops in the field on the east of the road (Thirteenth V^ir^inia regiment), and 
Branch's brit>:ade, which, at that time, was sweeping? obliquely across the 
wheat field, and liad I'eached the high grounds, that their ranks were broken 
))efore reacliing their objective point. These squadrons lost in this charge 71, 
out of 104 men. The entire Confederate line was now pressing rapidly for- 
wai'd and tne Federals were in liasty retreat, with William's division comjjlete- 
ly broken and routed. But it was now dark and the pursuit ceased for a time. 
Several pieces of artillery were,i)laced in position on the high points south of 
the run, and the woods on the north side and fhe country beyond were sub- 
jected to a vigorous shelling to ascertain the x><->sition of the Federals. Rick- 
ett's division, of McDowell's corps, that liad been left on the Madison road, 
leading from Colvin's Tavern, was ordered forward to the support of Bank's 
right, and took position on the north side of Cedar Run with his right, consist- 
ing of Tower's l)rigade, sup[)orted by Hartsuff's brigade, and two batteries of 
artillery — Lippen's and Matthew's— extending out to the range of hills near the 
Bi-own house, and his left, consisting of Carroll's and Duryea's Ijrigades, rest- 
ing on the Culpeper road, near the woods in the rear of the Hudson house, and 
Hall's battery posted on a little eminence on the west of the road, and Thomi)- 
son's on the east. But, before this disposition had been entirely completed, 
the Confederate lines were advanced to the north side of the run. Fields' bri- 
gade, of Hill's division, crossing the run, moved in line of battle on 
the left of the , road. SpofTord's brigade, of the same division, on 
the right, whilst Pegram's battery and the Cth. Virginia cavalry moved 
in column in the road, and the 7th Va., cavalry moved on the right of Spof- 
ford's brigade. The advance of the Confederates was slow, cautious and quiet, 
until they reached the north skirt of the woods, where they halted and Pegram 
took position with his battery on a little knoll just west of the road. The 
line of the Federals could be distinctly seen by the little lires they had built, 
around which they were brewing their coffee. Pegram's batteries opened on 
them with grape and cannister, and threw them into great cenfusion. They 
could be distinctly seen, by the light of their fires, rushing headlong to the 
rear. Milroy, who was just arriving on the field with his brigade, threw it 
in line across the road in their rear and stopped their flight. Order in a short 
time was restored, and Hall's battery, on the right of the road, and Thomp- 
son's on the left, concentrated their fire on Pegram, and killed and wounded 
a number of his men and horses. Our esteemed former county man, (ien. J. Cx. 
Field, then a staff olTicer of Gen. Hill, lost his leg in the road near Pegram's 
battery. This artillery duel, with some skirmishing between the infantry, 
continued for an hour or more, when it gradually sul)sided and finally ceased. 
The cavalry was withdrawn and went into camp in the wheat field, but the 
infantry and ai-tillery remained in position during the night. The next morn- 
ing a brisk skirmish was l)egun, and there was every indication of a renewal 
of the l)attle. It lasted till perhaps 12 o'clock, when Jackson having ascer- 
tained that nearly the whole of Poi)e's ai-my was concentrated in his front, to 
use his own language, concluded that " it was not prudent to attack," and 
withdrew his lines to the position he at first o<;cupiod.()nthe morning of the 10th 
Gen. Stuart, having arrived on a tour of inspection, gathered together the (^on- 
federate cavalry, muved east to the railroad, which he followed nearly to the 
Stevensburg road leading from Culpeper, in the rear of the Federal army, 
having first sent forward a detachment to Mt. Pony to capture the signal 


foriw tliore Ktat,it>nefl. Stuart aseortained, from prisoners captured and other 
sources, that the reiuaininy; division of McDowell's corps was hourly expected 
to arrive from Frederickshurj'', so that it became apparent that, if not already 
on tlio field, the whole of Pope's army was in supporting distance, and no de- 
cided victory could be reasonably expected ajj:ainst such odds. 

The next day, the 11th, the Pedei'al commander asked for a truce to bury 
his dead, and all tliat day the Federal .and Confederate soldiers minj^led freely 
tog:etlier, enjraged in the pious work of burynig their dead and carinj? for their 
"wounded. The Federals lost in the engaofement, in killed, wounded and uiiss- 
intr 3,381. and the Confederates 1,27(5. On the 12th. Jackson slowly withdrew 
his command to the south side of the Rapidan, unmolested by the Fedenil 



From the census of pensioners of the Revolutionary Army, as published in 
1841, by authority of Act of Confjress, under the direction of the Secretary of 
the Navy, we tiike the followin;^, who are put down as "Culpeper County, Va." 

Name of Head of family with whom 

Pensioner. Age. Pensioner resided in 1840. 

Catherine Allen. 

Armstead Bailey. 

John Creel. 

Sarah Colvin. 

John Cannady. 

John L. Conner. 

Elizabeth Edwards. 

John Freeman. 

Zachariah GrifHn. 

(iabriel Gray. 

Humphrey Hill. 

Julius Hunt.' 

John Hall. 

William Jett. 

William Lewis. 

Mary Lampkin. 

Madden Willis. 

Amber Newman. 

Richard Payne, Sr. 

Reuben Rosson. 

Randolph Stallard. 

Philip C. Slaujrhter. 

I'eter Triplett. 

Almond Vaughn. 

Isaiah Welsh. 

NOTE.— This list is copied just as printed. It is supposed the females Tire 
widows of deceased soldiers, living either in their own homes, or with mar 
ried daughter, and aoine of the old soldiei'S with the sons or daughters. 

Catlierine Allen, 


Nancy Bailey, 


John Creel, 

— . 

Sarah Colvin, 

■ . 78. 

John Cannady, 


Lucy Pettit, 


Elizabeth Edwards, 


John Freeman, 


-^Zachariali Griffin, 


Gabriel Gray, 


Humphrey Hill, 


Julius Hunt, 


, John Hall, 


William Jett, 


William Lewis, 


Mary Ijampkin, \. J^ 
Hannah Clark, V \\^A 



i Amber Newman, \^] y 


Richard Payne. Sr., ■ 


Reuben Rosson, - 


Randolph Stallard, 


- Philip Slaughter, 


Peter Triplett, 


Almond V^aughn, 


Isaiah Welsh, 

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Of Capt. Benjamin Cole's Company of Virginia Militia, 5th Regiment, of 
Culpeper County, first at Camp Randolph, and then at Camp Holly, under 
the command of Major Wm. Annstead, and then of Col. John H. Cocke, from 
the 29th of March to the 19th of August 1813. 






Ben j. 'Cole. 




Thompson Ashb.^. 

First Lieutenant. 



(jreorgo Thomr 

Second Lieutenant. 



Bailey Buckner. 




<-/Wm. F. Thompson. 




^^atlett Pendleton. 




Robert Green. 




Edward Green. 




Richard C. Grimes. 

Corporal . 



William B. Thornton. 




Robert Waggoner. 




Richard Pettigrew. 




William Gaines. 




William Wise. 




Nimrod Ajjperson. 




Joseph Bowen. 


3 ■ 


Willis Camp. 




George (Jam p. 




Thomas Charlton. 




John Dobbs. 




Pay ton R. Eldridge. 




George Green. 



■ 22 

Benjamin HaAvkins. 




Silas Hawkins. 




Nicholas Hart. 




Law son Jones. 




John Miles. 




Jesse Pratt. 




Dudley Patty. 




Thomas C. Powell, 




Abbott Rosson. 




Larkin Rosson. 




Mosses Re veil. 




Robert Rowe. 




James Saunders. 




Nathaniel Saunders. 




Oliver Sims. 




John Smith. 




Hem-y Smith. 




- Samuel Stout. 




V Gustavus Summerrall. 




J Larkin Turner. ^ 
Ignatious Wlieeler. 







James Wise. 




Pay roll for the traveling expenses of a detachment of the 3rd Virginia 
Regiment that was discharged from the camp at V^alley Forge, to their dif- 
ferent counties, Feb. !;>, 177(). 

NAME. 1 



1 Distance. 




Armstead White. | 

1 230miles^ 



NOTE: This is taken frouj the original Pay Roll as above. Heading 
copied correctly; signed by Lieut. Thomas Hunger ford, 3rd Virginia Regiment. 



At a court held for the county of Culpeper on Monday, the Slstday of Octo- 
tober, 176r), the sixteen justices of the peace for Culpeper county, dtew up and 
signed a protest to Governor Fauquier ai?ainst the imposition of the stamp 
act, emphasizincr their protest by resi^ninj? their commissions. Tlie address, 
which is ffiven in full, is recorded in the Culpeper clerk's office, in deed book 
"E." on pag:e 138, and is attested by Roger Dixon, who was the first clerk of the 
county. The address is as follows : 

"To The Honorable Francis Fauquier, Esquire, his Majesty's Lieutenant. 
Governor, and Commander-in-Chief, of the Colony and Dominion of 
VMi-ginia. The humble address of the Justices of the Peace of the 
County of Culpeper. 

"Sin At a time when liis majesty's subjects in America are so universally 
alarmed on account of the late proceedings of the British Parliament, and the 
enemies of America employed in representing its colonies in an odious light to 
our njost gracious Sovereign, and his ministers, by the most un- 
generous interi)retation of our behavior, we beg leave to take this 
method to assure your Honour of our inviolable, attachment ro, and affection 
for, the sacred person of his Majesty, and the whole Royal family. 

"And. from your Honour's well known candor, and benevolent disposition, 
we are i)ersuaded that we shall at the same time be permitted to lay before 
yc^ur Honour those reasons which have determined us to resign the Commis- 
sion of the Peace, under which we have V)een sworn to act as magistrates in 
this county. 

"It seems to be the unanimous opiinon of the people of America (and of a 
few in E"ngland), that the iate acts of Parliament, by which a stamp duty is 
imposed on the Americans, and a court of vice-admiralty ajipointed ultimate- 
ly to determine all controversies, which may arise, concerning the execution 
of the said act, is unconstitutional, and a high infringement of our most valu- 
able privileges as British subjects, who, we humljly apprehend, cannot con- 
stitutionally be taxed without the consent of our representatives, or our lives 
or prof)erties be affected in any suit, or criminal causes, whatsoever, without 
first being tried by our peers. 

"And, as the execution of the said act does, in some measure, depend on 
the county courts, we cmnot, if consistent with the duty which we owe our 
country, be, in the smallest degree, instrumental in enforcing a law which 
concieves, as in Itself, shaking at the very foundation of our lil)erties, and, if 
carried into execution, must render our posterity unhappy, and ourselves con- 
temptible. In the opinion of all men who are the least acquainted wftli a 
Hritish constitution, as we shall, in that case, no longer be free, but merely 
the proi)erty of those whom we formerly looked upon only as our fellow sub- 

"Permit us. Sir, to add that we still hope his Majesty and Parliament 
will change their measures and suffer us to enjoy our ancient privileges, and 
if we should incur the displeasure of our Sovereign by thus endeavoring to as- 
sert our rights, we should look upon it as one of the greatest misfortunes 
which could befall us. 

"We do heartily and sincerely wish his Majesty a long and happy reign 
over us, and that tiiere never may be wanting a Prince, of the illustrious 
House of Hanover, to succeed him in his domiiiions, that j'our Honour may 
continue to enjoy the favor'of our Sovereign, long govern the people of this 
ancient and loyal colony, and that the people may again be as happy under 
your mild and gentle administration as they have formerly been, is what we 
most devoutly pray for. 

N. Pendleton, William Williams, Wm. Green, 

Robert Green, John Strother, Thomas Scott, 

John Slaughter, Henry Pendleton, Benj. Roberts, 

W. Eastham, Geo. WetheralK Dan'l Brown, 

Ambrose Powell, Wm. Brown, Henry Field. Jr.. 

( Joseph Wood." 




Aiuoiiff the early settlers of what is now Culpeper county, was William 
Rice, who came some time before the county was orjranized. In volume 17, of 
the patent records in Richmond, paj^e 120, is a deed from George II etc., to 
William Rice, for four hundred acres of land in the forks of the Rapid Ann, in 
the county of Oranj^e, befrinninfi: at four jnnes on a point on a branch of Dark 
Run. This deed is dated July 29, 173(5, and is signed by William Gooch. 

Orange county, at that time, included all of what is now Culpeper. From 
it Culpeper was formed in 1748. William Rice was a son of Thomas Rice, who 
came to America in the latter part of the 17th century, and who is mentioned 
in the following manner, in the memoirs of Rev. David Rice, published by 
Thomas T. Skillman, Lexington, Ky., iH24, pj). 420. 

"Thomas Rice was an Englishman by birth, of Welsh extraction. He was 
nn early adventurer into Virginia; where he spent the first part of his life 
is not certainly known. In the latter part of his life he owned 
a small ])lantation in the lower i)art of what is now (1824) called Han- 
over county. Here he left his wife, with nine sons and three daughters, and 
went to England to receive a considerable estate which had been left him, but 
returned no more. The sailors reported that he died at sea. It is supposed 
that he was assassinated. No return was ever made of flie property after 
which he had gone, and his family were left destitute in a strange 
land." ****** "The family being left without an 
earthly father, were distressed, l)ut they were, in the good {)rovidence of God, 
provided for. The greater part moved about thirty miles farther up thecoun 
try, where they procured a small plantation, on which they raised mnnerous 
families; four or five of them became serious professors of religion, and were 
succeeded in their religious profession by a considerable number of their 
children." — pp. 13 and 14. His wife, "was esteemed truly a religious woman,'' 
pp. 33. Among those descendants, who moved North, was William Rice, of 

In Patent Book 8 of the same Records, i)age 2G1, is recorded a jmtent from 
Sir Edmond Andi-os. Kt., their Majesty's Lieutenant and Governor General 
etc.," to Thomas Rice for land lying in "Kingston Parish, in (xloucester coun- 
ty, said land being due unto said Thomas Rice by and for the importation of 
one person iuto this colony." Dated the 2!)tli day of April, KiJ):?. This Thomas 
Rice was probably the one who was father of William Rice, of Culpeper. In 
the sajue records, vol. 17, pp. 132, is recorded a deed from George II, King, etc., 
to Thonuis Rice, for 1"200 acres of land_in Hanover county, on both sides of 
Cub Creek and Dirty^Swamp, bounded by the lands of Col. David Meriwether, 
David and William Meriwether, James Goodall, and Richard Brooks. This is 
probably the place where this Thomas Rice lived in the latter part of his life. 


The last will and testament of William Rice was probated and recorded in 
Culpeper county the 17th day of April, 1780. It was dated the Dth day of 
February, 1780. He divided his property about equally between his children, 
Richard,- John, Benajah, Hannah Rice, Ann Graves, wife of John Graves, and 
Sarah Graves, wife of Edward Graves. In liis will is the following provision, 
''I lend to my beloved wife, Sarah Rice, one- half of my estate during lier natu- 
ral life." After that it was to be divided equally between his children. He 
appointed Benajah, John, and Richard Rice, his sons, and John Graves, his 
son-in-law, his executors. Amon^^ the pi-ojierty inventoried are slaves, horses, 
cattle, sheep, ho<!:s, plantation tools, six spinning wheels, two looms, one cop- 
per still, a desk, warminj? pan, books of sundry kinds, valued at £70, money 
scales, cash in metal £7, 13s. 9d., cash in paper £55, 8s., punch bowls, valued at 
£16. He ga,ve the copper still to his unmarried daughter. Perhaps he thought 
she would be less likely to misuse it. The fact that "mjney scales" were consider- 
ed a part of the equipment of a plantation would seem to indicate that coin, 
or metal money, as it is called in this inventory, was valued according to its 
weight in those days. 

John Rice, one of the sons of William Rice, reuioved to the valley of Shen- 
andoah. He obtained there a large tract of land about six miles long. Built a 
log cabin upon it, and there went back. He married Mary Finney. Upon his 
marriage his father made the newly married couple a wedding present of a 
Ket of silver spoons, marked W. R., the initials of the donor. If they were 
marked on purpose for the occasion it shows a different custom in marking 
wedding presents from that which now prevails. These spoons are still in the 
possession of some of their descendants. After marrying, he returned to 
Rockingham county, lived and died there, and his will was admitted to pro- 
bate there A. 1). 1804. He willed all of his land and slaves to his wife during 
her life, to be divided, at her death, amonst his children, except his daughter, 
who had married James Snaden, and gone to Bourbon county, Ky. He had prob- 
ably given her her share when she went to Kentucky. John Rice, shortly after 
his return to Rockingham county, and about the year 1776 to 1779, built his 
new house, which is still standing, and is in gooil order and occupied. The 
roof is a little steeper than 45 degrees. The first roof was on the house seven- 
ty-one j'eai-s. It was made of yellow i)ine shingles, about three quarters of an 
inch thick, pinned on with locust pins. There isacellar under the whole house, 
part of which was used as a kitchen, and part of it for a store-room, for l)acon 
and whiskey. Almost every large plantation, in those days, had its own dis- 
tillery and ij'ade the whiskey for the use of the plantation, and, according to 
modern standards, they used too much. The cellar walls and fireplaces were 
built of bric'i, which was not usual at that time. The house is a frame one. 
It is weather-boarded with siding, 6 inches wide, and little more than half an 
inch thick, of yellow pine. All the lumber in the house was sawed out by 
hand with whip-saws. Every one of the weatherboards has a bead run on 
the edge for ornameut. The siding is nailed on witn wrought iron nails, 
which still show the mark of the blacksmith's hammer. The doors are six 
panel doors, and the window blinds are made the same way. All the hinges 
are wrought iron, made by hand, and also show the marks of the blacksmith's 
hammer. There is a prof usion of moulding all through the house. It was 
the first frame house lathed, plastered and weather-boarded and painted in all 
that region. It is in good order now, much better than Thomas Jefferson's, 
which was built sixteen years later. This house was called "The Painted 
House," and that part of the country was called "The Painted House Neigh- 
borhood," houses painted on the outside being so rare. The neighborhood is 
sometimes known yet among the old settlers, as "The Painted House Neigh- 


borhood," though this house lost all its paint loiip: ago, ami has not received 
a new application lately. The Rices of Rockinghain county are buried in the 
])ayton burying ground, commencing at the South side of the graveyard and 
extending Northward. First is old Mrs. Finney, who came over from Acco- 
mac county, or Culpeper, to live with her daughter, Mary, and son-in-law, 
John Rice. Next to her is John Rice; then Mary, his daughter: then Ursula 
(Tallies Rice; then Mary Finney Rice, the wife of John; then three or four 
children: then William llice, John's oldest son, who is the first one who has a 
lettered toml^stone. The rest have just plain stones from the creek. Wil- 
liam's gravestone is marked as follows: "William Rice, born July 27th, 1779, 
and departed this life August 2nd, 1838. Aged r)0 years and 6 days." Benajah 
Rice, brother of John Rice, also obtained land in the same county, and ad- 
joining John. He never lived there himself, but some of his children did, and 
some of his descendants are living tliere now. The Mary Finney, whom this 
John Rice married, belonged to the family of Finneys who have lived, for the 
last 2")() years or more, in Accomae county, on the eastern shore of Virginia. 
There is a place now, called "Finney," and a place called "Finney's Wharf." 
Honorable Louis C. H. Finney was a member of the Virginia Senate a few 
years ago, and was well versed in the history of the Finney family. It is prob- 
able that William Rice was an Episcopalian; also his son, John Rice, and 
probably his daughter-in-law, were. An old negro slave, called "Lark," was 
born ori the property of this John Rice, and was baptized, as all the other 
slaves born on the j)lantation were, after the fashion of the patriarch, Abra- 
ham, who baptized his whole family, including all his servants. This old ne- 
gro was made free by Ann Hopkins Rice, a daughter-in-law of John Rice, who 
inherited liim, and he died in Illinois about 18(>;5, living with one of John 
Rice's grandsons. Excejjt these, nearly all of the llice family, incltiding even 
the descendants of these, were, and are. Presbyterians. 

David Rice, who vvas sometimes called the "Apostle of Kentucky," and 
who was instrumental in the founding of Hampden and Sidney College, 
Virginia, and of the Transylvania University, Kentucky, and the Danville 
Theological Seminary, Kentucky, was the first moderator of the 
first Presbytery, and the first moderator of the first Synod of 
Kentucky, and a member of the first constitutional convention of Ken- 
tucky, \Vas a nej)hew of William Rice, of Culpeper. Benjamin Rice, David's 
brother, vvas a lawyer, of Bedford county, Virginia, whose son, John Holt 
Ri(!e, D. D., was the first pastor of RichnK)nd Memorial church, and first Pro- 
fessor ofChristian Theology in Union Theological Seminary, Virginia, and 
once moderator of the Presbyterian (ireneral Assembly Another son, Benja- 
min Holt Rice, was a professor in Princeton, and was once moderator of the 
Presbyterian General Assembly. Nathan Lewis Rice, D. D., also one of the 
descendants of this Thomas Rice, was once a moderator of the General Assem 
bly, and was a theological professor. Quite a large per cent of the Rice family 
have been, and are lawyers, ministers of the Gospel, or doctors of medicine. 

The Rices, when living in Wales, had a T'oat of Arms, of which the widow 
of Izard Bacon Rice long ago had a copy. The widow of John Holt Rice, D. 
1)., who died in 18;}1. also had a copy. Mrs. Sara A. Pryor, a prominent mem 
ber of the Daughters of the American Revolution, wife of (ieneral Roger A. 
Pryor, late Justicii' of the Snpreuje (^ourt. New York, now has a copy. Mrs. 
l*rv<)r is a <tescendant of Thomas Uice. of Hanover. 

The Rice motto was "Fides Non Timet." In the old ilays, when written 
in Welsh, the name was spelled "Rhys," though even then, when written in 
English, it was otteii s|(4 led, as now, "Rice." 



By John Strode Barbour. 

[The following Kenealo<ry of the Barbour fajiiily was received too late to 
be placed in St. Mark's proper, in which Dr. Slaughter's sketch of the Bar- 
bour family is printed. — R. T. (t. ] 

There is some confusion as to the name of the first emifrrant and founder 
of the Barbour family in Virginia, or rather who was the emitrrant of this par- 
ticular family. All traditions seem to give their extraction as Scotch, and the 
time of coming to this country as about the middle of the 17th century. Some 
traditions give William Barbour, who was said to have been a younger son of 
the Baron of Mulderg, and who was County Lieutenant of York in 1656, and 
also one of the commission appointed by the governor, Sir William Berkley, in 
1660, to superintend the erection of the State house at Jamestown, as the first 
emigrant (See Hardesty's Historical and Geographical Encj^clopedia [1884] p. 
858), while others give James Barbour, a Scotch merchant. One tradition, in 
connection with this last theory, is that, on arriving in Virginia, James Bar- 
bour established a home on a i)lantation, since famous as the seat, for genera- 
tions, of another distinguished Virginia family. That he there married a Miss 
Taliaferro, and died, leaving an infant son, James, and a widow. That the 
widow re-married, and by some means the issue of tiiis second marriage, who 
was almost an imbecile, became the owner of the entire Barbour property. 
He was a great gambler, and soon squandered it. The only form of gambling 
he had intellect sufficient to engage in was "push pins'\ and he is reported to 
have lost the homestead upon the issue of a single game. However true this 
tradition may be, the son, James, left the houie of his childhood after his 
father's death, and came to Culpeper near the end of the first quarter of the 
18th century, and settled finally in Culpeper county. It was here that he 
lived, and died, and was buried. The tombstone marking his grave is still 
standing at Smith's Cottage, the old homestead, now in Madison county. 
This second James, spoken of by Dr. Slaughter as the first, was a vestryman 
of St. Mark's Parish at its organization in 1731. Probably the nio st authentjc 
account of the founder of the Virginia family, now attainable, is the following 
ex ti'act from the bible of Governor James Barbour, entered therein in his own 
Iiandwriting, under date of June etTiTlFdBT It will be observed that he makes 
no reference to William Barbour, and no claim to descent from titled ances- 
tors, but seems rather to emphasize the fact that his ancestors were "'farmers 
or yeomen". It will be ol)Scrved also that he refers to the defeat of the expec- 
tioiis of the second James, l)y reason of the re-marriage of his mother. He 
says: "The farthest l)ack that I have been able to trace, with any certainty, 
is my great grandfather, who came over to this country from Scotland, in the 
17th century. He came in the character of a merchant, and was wrecked on 
his first adventure. His friends, as stated by tradition, being rich, furnished 
him with a new cargo, M'hich he turned to a profitable account in (I believe) 
the county of King and Queen. He liad issue, only one son, whom he called 
after himself, James, who intermarried with Sarah Todd, of a most respecta- 
ble family. My grandfather's prospects in life vv'ere considerably blasted by 
the second marriage of his niothei , an xisual concomitant of such coiniections 
with the wreck of his expectations. He was either the first or second settler 
in this country; 1 mean the South West Mountains. I am certain he w-as the 
first inhabitant of this neighborhood, which was at first about the plantation 
now in the occupancy of the Newman family, that being the place of resi- 
dence from which he moved to a place nearer the river that belonged to 
Wi lliam Johnso n. He had issue, five sons, and three daughters "" * *. 
Mv father Tlioiiias, as well as his father, were farmers or yeomen." In the 


ol)ituiiry notice of his distinpfiiislied ^reat grandson. Judge Philip Pendleton 
Barbour, pubHshed in Vol. IG, Peters' U. S. Supreme Court reports, it is said : 
"His (Judge Barbour's) great grandfather was a merchant of Scotland, who 
emigrated to this country. His grandfather (the second James) was the 
founder and first settler of the country lying between the eastern l)a8e of the 
Blue llidge and the South West Mountains." While it is possible that the 
first James, instead of being the emigrant, was a son of a grand son of the 
William Barl)our, above mentioned, in the following chart this .lames Bar- 
bour is treated as the founder of the family. 

[In order that any errors or omissions, found in this account of the Bar- 
bour family, maj' be corrected in any future editions, the publisher requests 
that any such may be reported to John S. BarVjour, Culpeper, Va. The names 
in parenthesis denote the line of descent. Thus : "Gabriel Barbour (Thos., 
Jas., Jas., Jas.,) signifies that Gabriel Barbour was the son of Thomas, the 
grandson of James, and so on. — R. T. G.]. 

James Barbour emigrated from Scotland in the 17th. century; settled 
in King and Queen, or in Gloucester county; married Miss Taliaferro, and had 
l)ut one son, James, erroneously called James, the first, by Dr. Siaugliter, wlio 
was "defeated of his exi)ectancy" by the second marriage of his mother. 

Jamk-S Barbour (James.) m. twice; first Elizabeth Todd, by whom lie htid 
one son, Richard, who never married. His second wife was Sarah Todd, proba- 
bly a sister of the first. He was presiding justice of the Culpei)er county 
court in 17(34, and died in 1775 in Culpeper county. His widow, Sarah, died in 
1781. Their wills are both recorded in Culpeper county, and show them both 
to have been posessed of large estates. There were by tlie second marriage 
five sons: James, Thomas, Pliilip, Ambrose, and William, and four daughters, 
as follows : Mary, Fanny, Betty, and ,who m. James Boyd. 

Jamks Barbour (Jan)es, Jauies.) m. Frances Throckmorton, of Glouces- 
ter county. He was a member of the House of Burgesses from Culpeper in 
17(54, County Lieutenant of the militia of Culiieper county in 1775, an officer 
in the revolutionary army, and was also a judge of the first court ever held in 
Kentucky, being the head of a commission appointed by the liCgislature of 
Virginia to settle disputed land titles. His children were' 1. Mordecai, who 
m. Elizabeth Strode; 2. James who died unmarried; 3. Thomas, m. Mary Tay- 
lor; 4. Richard, m. Mary Moore; 5. Gabriel; (i. Philip, m. 1st. Lucy Taylor, 2nd. 
Eliza Hoi>kins; 7. Frances, m. John Moore; 8. Sarah, m. Col. John (or James} 
Harrisot); !». Mary, m. Col. David Walker, who was for years a ujember of Con- 
gress: 10. Lucy, m. Wythe Baylor. 

Ambrose Barbour (James, James.) lived in Orange county, where he 
married (Catherine Thomas, a si-ster of Mary Pendleton Thomas, who married 
Ills brother. Thomas Barbtnir. They afterwards moved to Kentucky. Their 
children were : 1. Philip, who died in Richmond, Virginia, in 1794 unmarried; 
2. Major James Barbour, of Kentucky, m. Letitia Green; 8. Lucinda, m. Benj. 
Hardin; 4. Richard Harbour, of Kentucky; and 5. Lucy m. Mr. Davis, and 
went South^ Major JIuues BiuTMHfr~Wl\?!'"an officer in the war of 1812. His 
wife, L etitia G reen, was a daughter of Willis Green (Duff, Robert). Their 
children were : 1. (Catherine, m. J. Wesley Vick, of Vicksburg, and had Kate, 
Martha, Nannie, Amanda; 2. James Barbour, a banker of Maysville, Ken 
tucky, who m. Elizabeth Foster, of Maysville, and had James F. Barbour, 
Avho m. Elizabeth Taylor, and Rev. John Green Foster Barbour, a Presby- 
terian minister of Gillery county, Kentucky; 3. Martha, m. Rev. B. M. Hobson,. 
having Barbour and Lewis Green; 4. Rev. Lewis Green Barl)our, m. Elizabeth 
Ford, of Richmond, Iventucky, and had several children. He is the au- 

thor of a poem, entitled "The End of Time," which has attracted a f^ood deal 
of favorable criticism. Lucinda and Benjamin Hardin had a daughter, Mary, 

who m. Letcher. Their descendants, as well as those of this Richard, and 

of Lucy, who married Davis, are unknown. 

Thomas Barbour (James, James.) m. Mary Pendleton Thomas,of Oranpje, 
(a sister of Catherine Thomas, who married his brother Ambrose). Their chil- 
dren were : 1. Richard; 3. James; 8. Thomas. (Richard and Thomas both died 
in their youth). 4. Lucy T.; 5. PhilUp P.; 0. Nelly^^. Mary, or Polly; 8. Sally. 
Nelly died unmarried in 179S. He was a member of the House of Burgesses 
from Orange county, and signed the non-importation act, of 1760, between 
this country and Great Britain, and after the formation of the union, was a 
member of the Legislature. Richard Henry Lee, in a letter to his brother, 
Arti)ur Lee, wrote that he was glad that Thomas Barbour was in our State 
Councils, "for he was a truly intelligent and patriotic man." 

Philip Barbour (James, James.) m. and left one child, name unknown, 

Mary Barbour (James, James.) m. John Harrison. They had one daugh- 
ter, who married a Mason, and their son, James Barbour Mason, at one time 
represented Garrard county in the Kentucky Legislature. He married a 
dangliter of Hugh Logan, and their son, James B. Mason, was clerk of Gar- 
rard county, Kentucky, and now (1899) lives in Lancaster. 

Fanny Barbour (Jau)es, James.) m Smith. Of this family was Geo. 

A. Smith, who sold the old Barbour homestead. Smith's Cottage, and moved 
to Texas before the Civil War. His older brother was Dr. Cam R. Smith, of 
Galveston, Texas. Mrs. Jeremiah Morton was their sifter. Their mother was 
Mildred Glassel. Mildred, the only child of Mrs. Jeremiah Mort<»n, m. J. J. 
Halsey, a prominent laM'yer of Orange county. R. Ogden Halsey, and J. Mor- 
ton Halsey, of Orange, are her children. 

Bktty Barbour (James, James.) m. Benjamin Johnson. They had two 
daughters : Lucy, m. her first cousin, James Barbour (Thomas, James, James), 
and Frances Todd Johnson, m. his brother, Philip Pendleton Barbour. 

Barbour (Jaiues, James,) m. James Boyd. They had a son, James 

Boyd, whose descendants, if any, are unknown. 

Mordkoai Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Elizabeth Strode, a 
daughter of John Strode, of "Fleetwood" in Culpeper county. John Strode 
was master of the gun factory near Falmouth, Virginia, which was largely in- 
strumental in supplying arms to the Virginia troops in the revolutionary war. 
The Strodes are said to have been of French Hugenot extraction. John 
Strode came to Culpeper from King George county. Mordecai Barbour was 
in the Revolutionary army, and drew a pension for military services therein. 
The children of Mordecai Barbour, and Elizabeth Strode, were: 1. John 
Strode Barbour, m. Eliza A. Byrne; 3. Frances, m. Judge Henry Minor, of Ala- 
bama; ;5. Ann, or ±>Jancy, m. J^r. Thomas Gist, of Kentucky; 4. Maria, m. Col. 
Tillinghast, of South Carolina, and afterwards married Col. J. B. Hogan, who 
was collector of the port of Mobile, Alabama; (5. Mordecai, who died unmarried. 
After the death of his wife, Elizabeth, Mordecai Barbour married Sally Byrne 
(nee Haskell), who was the widow of James Byrne, of Petersburg, and the 
mother of Eliza A. Byrne, the wife of his son, John S. Barbour. Mordecai 
Barbour died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Minor, of Alabama, Jan. 4th. 
]84(), in his 82ud. year. 

Thomas Barbour (James, James, Jaujes.) m. Mary Taylor, a daughter of 
Capt. James Taylor, Clerk of Orange county, March 22nd, 1787. This James 
Taylor was the oldest son of the well known Col. George Taylor, of Orange, 
who was commissioned (Colonel by Governor Dinwiddle in 1755, and who had 


nine soiiK in the revolutioiinry army, and had himself been a IJurtyess and a 
member of of thw convention of 1776. Cai)tain Taylor moved to Kentucky 
about 1798 or '99, giving? up his clerkship to a half brother. Thomas Barbour 
and his wife also moved to Kentucky about the same time, and had seven 
children : 1. James. 2. (jabriel; 8. Nathaniel; 4. Ann; 5. Lucy; 6. Fanny; and 7. 

Philip Barbour (J inies, James, James.) Was a colonel in the war of 
1812, m. Ist. Lucy Taylor, no issue : m. 2nd. Elizabeth Hopkins, of Henderson 
City, Kentucky, a daughter of General Samuel Hopkins. Issue, five children : 
1. Jjucy, m. Dr. Grlass, of Henderson, Ky; 2. ElizabetVi, m. Wm. L. Jones, of 
Memphis; '6. Major Philip Norborne Barbour; 4. Samuel Barbour, m. Miss 
(Jlay, and left no issue; .">. James Mordecai Barbour, m. Miss Lydia A. Scott. 

Richard Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Mary, daughter of Major 
Wm. Moore, of Orange. They had the following children : 1. Maria, m. Jack 
Taylor; 2. Eliza, m. Robert M. Taylor; 8. Lucy, m. (Jol. Alexander; 4. James, 
who ilied single. 

Francks Barbour ( James, James, James.) m. John Moore, of Orange, 
son of Major William Moore, and Mary Throckmorton, August 1st. 1798. Is- 
sue : James Barbour, b. March 8th., 1800; 2. William Catlett, b. February 13th., 
1802, m. Matilda R. Taylor; 8. John Throckmorton b. 1807, m. Mary Crutch- 
field; 4. Gabriel Barbour, b. llecember 10th., 1810; o. Richard Barbour, b. 

March 28th., 1814, m. 1st. Mallory, m. 2nd. Susan Oump; 6. Frances 

Throckmorton, b. December 2r)th., 1810, m. A. (i. Crutchfield. 

Lucy Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Wythe Baylor, had a daugh- 
ter Lucy, who m. Gabriel Barbour, son of Thomas Barbour (James, James). 

Sarah Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Col. John (James) Harrison, 
and had two children : James, m. Miss Talbot, having five children, naiues 
not known, and Lucy, m. Davis. 

Mary Barbour (James, James, James.) m. Oil. David Walker, who was 
a meuiber of Congress from Kentucky for years. They left seven children : 
1^ Mary, m. Col. R. K. Meade; 2. Fannie, m Huujphrey G wynn ; 8. Helen m. 

Browder; 4. James Volney; 5. Jefferson Walker; 0. Tseoi^? Walker; and 

7. David Walker. The two latter were leading lawyers of Tallahassee, Fla., 
and both left families. James and Jefferson died without issue. 

J AMKS Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Lucy, daughter of Benja 
mill Johnson and Bettie Barbour. Resided in Orange county, V^irginia. Was 
;i representative jn (Congress from ''"irginia from 181.1 until he resigned in 182."). 
Was Secretary of War, and Minister to England under John Qiiincy Adams* 
administration, and Governor of V^irginia (iuring the war of 1812. His chil- 
dren were : 1. Benjamin Johnson, died in 1820 at 20 years of age; 2. James, who 
died in 1857 without issue; 8. Benjamin Johnson, b. 1821, m. Caroline Watson; 
4. Lucy, m John Seymour Taliaferro; T). Frances Cornelia, m. Wm. Handy 
(Jollins, of Baltimore. 

Philip Pkxdlk'I'ox Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) was a brother of 
(Tovernor James Barbour, and married a sister of his wife, Frances Todd John- 
son, and earned equal distinction with his distinguished brother. He was 
))()rn May 2r)th., 17S8; was a member of the Virginia Assembly in 1812. In 1814 
w.'i-^ elected to Congress, and contitnied therein until 1825, and was chosen 
speaker of the House in 1821. He was a lawyer of great distinction; was offer 
ed tlie professorship <vf law at the University of Virginia by Mr. Jefferson, l)ut 
tledined it, and was appointed a judge of the General Court of Virginia. In 
1827 he resigned, and was re-eleeted to Congress without opposition. In 1829 
he, together with ex Pn^sident Madison, rei>re.Henteil Orange county in the 

Constitutional Convention of that year, and on the death of ex-President Mon- 
roe, succeeded him as president of that distinguished body. In 1880 he was 
appointed U. S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Virginia. He de- 
clined the DOst of Attornej' General, and refused nominations for a seat on the 
Court of Appeals of Virginia, for the gubernatorial chair, and the Senate of 
the United States, but in 1886 accepted an appointment as a Justice of the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, and held this position until his death in 
1842 (16 Peters). His children were : 1. Philippa, m. Judge R. H. Field; 2. 
Elizabeth, m. J. J. Amblei" ;5. Dr. Thomas; 4. Edmund Pendleton; 5. Quintus; 
6. Sextus; 7. Septiiaus,^itf^^'ithout issue. , 
(Richard BARlroi^^ThonT^s, Janles, Jai'ues) Issue unknown.— 2a«>» '^'***'^^ 

Mary Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Daniel Bryan, of Harrison- 
burg, Virginia. Issue : 1. Mary Anna, m. Lathrop; 2. Caroline, m. Judge 

Wylie, of Washinton; 8. Sally, m. Brown: 4. Thomas; 5. William. 

Lucy Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Thomas Newman, of Orange 
county. Issue : 1. Veranda, m. Nathaniel Welch; 2. Lucetta, m. James Madison 
Macon; 8. James B., m. Sallie Battle Fitzhugh. 

Nklly M. Barbour (Thomas, James, James.) m. Martin Nalle, Issue : 
1. Philii) P., m. Elizabeth Wallace, of King George, and had the following 
children: G. B. W., .m. Nannie Porter, P. P. Jr., Robert Mason, Fanny, m. 
C. Y. Steptoe, and Mary Fentpn, wife of Douglas G. Somerville, all of whom 
reside in Culpeper county, except Mason, who lives in Washington D. C; 2. 
Cordelia U. T., m. Joseph Hiden, father of Rev. J. C. Hiden, D. D., (Baptist), 
and Philip B. Hiden. of Fluvanna. J. C. Hiden m. Bessie Chewning, of Flu- * — 
vanna, and has four children as follows : Anna, wife of Ira F. Davis, of 
Charleston, W. Va., Joseph H. Hiden, m. Nellie Battle, of Aceomae, Robert C. 
Hiden, managing Editor of the Richmond Times, and Grace, wife of Edward 
Wilkinson, of Birmingham, Alabama. P. B. Hiden m. Bettie H. Goodwin, of 
Louisa, and havs six children as follows : George C. Hiden, of Brandy Station, 
Philip W. Hiden, of Newport News, Nannie M., Elizabeth, Martin Barbour, 
antl William Conway; 8. Ednionia Nalle, m. William Major, the father of Wil- 
liam Major, who ni. Laura M. Spindle, Samuel Major, who m., and^ Philip Ma- 
jor, u). Anna L. Hill of Culpe.per; 4. Fanny Nalle, m. John C. Hansborough, a 
prominent lawyer, whose children are : Bettie C. Hansborough, of Upper 
Marlboro, Md., and Nellie Hansborough, of Virginia; 5. Martinet Nalle, m, 
Blucher W. Hansborough, of "Cole s Hill," where she still lives; 6. Lucetta 
Nalle, who m. George Booton, of Madison. He represented Madison in the 
Virginia Legislature, and left but one chilil, MoUie, who m. W. J. Cave, for 
years treasurer of Madison county. Their children are : Belle, Mary, m. 
Lucio Hill, Eloise, George, Norma, Roy, Herbert; T. Jane Nalle, m. Edward M. 
Clarke, of Washington, D. C, and had Edwin M. Clarke, Jas. Clarke, and 

Florence, who m. Haldiman, of jthe Louisville Courier Journal; 8. Dr. ^ 

Richard Thomas Nalle, m. Miss Hooe, of Fauquier. Their children were : Jas., P»i^^ 
Edmund P., m. 1st. Miss Wallace, who left one child, m. 2nd. Kate Robertson 
of Culpeper, by wiioui there are four or live children, and Mary D., m. Jbsbsbb^^^^ 
Belt, of Ui)per Marlboro, Md., and Bettie Rice, m. C. C. Magruder, of MarylanJl; /^^ 
i). Sarah Ellen Nalle, m. Col. Garrett Scott, father of Rev. F. G. Scott, of GorW"-^""'^ 
donsville, Nellie Scott. J. M. Scott, Edward Scott, Thomas Scott, and W. W. 
Scott, the present State Librarian; 10. Mary Nalle, m. Richard H. Willis, hav- 
ing Byrd Willis, who m. a daughter of John Willis, Philii) Willis, of Mississip- 
pi, Fanny, wife of Dr. Madison, of Orange, Rosa Willis, wife of Benton WMllis, 
of Mississippi, Elizabeth, m. , liucy Willis, who died unmarried, Bar- 
bour Willis, who m. a Miss Hunton, of Fauquier, and died in Dakota, Richard 

^- i cc%^\. A'V^-vx^ 


H. Willis, who m. Elizabetli Hall of Syracuse, JV. Y., liavinj^ Richard L. and 
Katherine Murat, who died 18S)!», and Nellie M. who iii. Martin Strinf^fellow, 
havinf? Rittenhouse. Byrd, Willis, R. Stanton, Anne S., ni. Taylor, Champe, 

C, m. Taylor; 11. B. Johnson Nalle; 12. Jauics Barbour Nalle, neither of 

whom ever married. 

Sally Barbqur (Thomas, James, James.) m. Gabriel Gray, of Culpeper, is- 
sue: 1. Rebecca, wife of Shelcon F. Leake, a distinfjuished lawyer and debater, 
and the father of Shelton F. Leake, of Tyler, Texas, who m. Kate Nelson, a 
daufifliter of Mr. Lewis P. Nelson, of Culpeper; 2. Martha, m. Wm. L. Ander- 
son, Avho was killed at the battle of Seven Pines. Their children were: John 
R., of the University of Virjiinia, and Richard, wiio died at Charlottesville in 
1891), leaviufi- two infant children; 8. Philippa, ni. R. W. Anderson. Their 
children are Rev. John Gray (Presbyterian), of Tauipa, Florida, Lucy, wlio 
lives with liim, and Martha; 4. Lucy, ni. James B. (Jowles. She died about 
1881, leaving? one dauf?hter, Florence; 5. Dr. John (xray, who died at Brents- 
ville, unmarried, in 1851. 

JoHX S. Barbour (Mordecai, James, James, James.) m. Elizabeth Byrne, 
of Petersbur<r. Was a lawyer and orator of distinction, and represented Vir 
g'irda in the IT. S. House of Representatives from about 1821 to 1831. Was a 
member of the constitutional convention of 1829, and presided over the Demo- 
cratic National Convention that nominated Franklin Pierce for the presiden- 
cy. His children were: 1. Sally, who never married; 2. John S. Barbour, for 
years pi*esident of the O. & A. R. R. Co., afterwards the Virginia Midland, a 
representative m congress from Virginia; conducted the campaigns that crusli- 
ed the power of the coalition between the Republican and Readjuster parties 
in Virginia, and was afterwards elected to the U. S. Senate, of which body ho 
was a member at the time of his death, in May, 1892. His wife was Susan Dan- 
gerfield, of Alexandria. They had no children; 3. James Barbour, m. Fanny 
T., a daughter of Coleman C. Beckham, of Culpeper. He represented Cul- 
pei)er repeatedly in the Legislature. Was a member of the constitutional con- 
vention of 1849, and of the secession convention. He was also a meml)erof the 
Peace Commission. During the civil war he was for a tiuje Adjutant General 
on General Ewell's staff", but was cou'pelled to resign by rea.son of health. He 
died in 1895, leaving seven children, as follows: Elbe B., wife of Hon. John F. 
Rixey, at present a representative in Congress from Virginia; Mary B., wife of 
Prof. Clarence B. Wallace, of Nashville, Tenn., James Barbour, of San Joa- 
quin Co.. Cal., John S. Barbour, a lawyer of Culpei)er, who m. Mary, daugh- 
ter of Judge D. A. Grimsley, of Culpeper, Edwin Harbour, of St. Louis, Mo., 
who in. Josie, daughter of Alex. McDonald, ex-senator from Arkansas, A. 
Floyd Barbou]-, of Nashville, Tenn., and Fanny C, wife of B. Collins Beck- 
ham, of (Culpeper county: 4. Major Alfred M. Barbour, who was commandant 
of the Arsenal at Harper's Ferry at the time of the John Brown raid, a mem- 
ber of the secession convention, and was Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Quarter- 
master General during the war. He died at Montgomery, Ala., in 18(56. His 
wife was Kate Daniel, of Jefferson county, Virginia. His children died in in- 
fancy; 5. Eliza B., the wife of Capt. George G. Thompson, of Culpeper; she 
died in 1887, leaving the following children: J. S. B. Thompson, a promint-nt 
general officer of the Southern Ry. Co., with headquarters at Atlanta, Ga., 
who m. Mary, daughter of Col. Morton Marye, Auditor of Virginia, Lelia 
Thompson, Annie, the wife of Rev. J. G. Minnegerode, rector of (Calvary Epis- 
copal church. Louisville, Ky., Richard C. Thompson, lawyer, of Washington, 

D. C, Kliza B.. of (.'uli)ei)er, George G. Thompson, Jr., also prominent among 
the So. Ry., officials, at Raleigh, N. C, and Ruth, the wife of John Hanckle, 
of Roanoke, Virginia; (>. Edwin Harbour, who died unmarried in 1892. 


Frances Barbour (Mordecai, James, James, James.) m. at Petersburg, 
Virginia, Sept. 14th., 1809, Judge Henry Minor, who Avas a judge of tlie Su- 
l)reme Court of Alabama; issue: 1. Henry, b. July 7tli. 1810, d. at sea November 
2r)th., 18:5!); 2. Mordecai, d. in infancy; 3. Ann Virginia, b. August 23rd., 1814, m. 
John Gilliam Friend, of Mobile, Alabama, d. March nth., 1884 Issue: Fanny 
Friend, of Mobile, Alabama, Eliza, who died in 1898, Maria, who died in 1878, 
Virginia Friend, of Mobile, Henry Minor Friend, of Mobile, m. Amanda Moore, 
Mary Minge Friend, m. James D. Harwell, and lives at Meridian, Mississippi. 
John Gilliam Friend, m. Lulu H. Dunn, died in 1890, and Alice Friend, who 
died in 1854, L Eliza Barbour, b. December 12th., 181(), died in 1842, unmarried; 
5. Frances Cosby, b. Jan. 16th., 181'J, died March 4th., 1846; 6. Maria, b. July 
2:3rd., 1820, m. Dr. Ezra F. l^ouchelle, having Fanny Minor, Maria Barbour, 
Ezra Fiske, m. Sally Gould, Philip Minor, Henry Minor, Benjamin Rush, La- 
cy, Amanda, John Friend, and Henry Tutwiler, m. Innes Gould. Ezra Fiske 
Bouchelleand Sallie Gould, his wife, have issue: Delia T., Maria Minor, 
Annie B., Sallie G., Fannie M., Ezra T., Jessie C, and Bessie Innes. Henry 
Tutwiler Bouchelle, and Innes Gould, his wife, have issue as follows : Delia 
F.. Henry T., John McK. G., and liUcy Minor. The Bouchelles and Govilds 
reside in Boligee, Green county, Ala.; 7. Louisa, b. Se[)tember 23nd., 1822, m. 

; 8. Mordecai Lafayette, b. Aijril22nd., 1824, m. Hattie Fleming, died at 

Elmira, N. Y., a prisoner after the close of the civil war. Left one son, John 
Launcelot Minoi-; 9. .John Launcelot, b. June 3rd., 1826, died in Mobile, Ala., 
in 1855; 10. Philip P. B.. b. Jan. 23rd., 1828, m. Eliza Perry, died June, 1884. 
Their issue were : Lucy Barbour, Fannie Friend, m. Dr. E. P. Riggs, a prom- 
inent physician of Birmingham, ^la , Marjy Perry, Care Boddie, m. Rev. J. Y. 
Penn, Philip Barbour, of Eutaw. Ala., and Elsie; 11 Lucy Landon Barbour, 
m. Dr. Joseph C. Hamilton. Their issue were : Joseph Courten, Henry Mi- 
nor, Frances Barbour, who m. Richard B. Shei)herd, of Mt. Vernon, Alabama, 
and Charlotte Anna, who m. Isaac B. Swift. The children of Henry M. Friend 
and Amanda Moore, are : Anne Virginia and Henry Minor. John Gilliam 
Friend and Loula Dunn Friend left one child, Ellen Trabue Friend. Fannie 
Minor, who m. Dr. E. P. Riggs, has three children : Philip Minor Riggs, Elise 
Kiggs, and Fannie Minor Riggs. Caro Boddie Minor, who m. J.V. Penn, has 
one child, Sallie Bouchelle Penn. Frances B. Hamilton, who in. Richard B. 
Shepherd, has seven children : Frederick, Joseph H., Richard, William, Lu- 
cian M., Frances B., and Tazewell. 

Maria Barbour (Mordecai, James, James, James.) m. Col. Tillinghast, of 
South Carolina, and after his death m. Col. J. B. Hogan, of Mobile, Alabama, 
who was at one time collector of that port. She died without issue. 

Gabrikl Barbour (Thomas, James, James, James.) m. Lucy Baylor, 
daughter of Wythe Baylor. They had one child, Winona, Avho m. Judge Cul- 
len, of Richmond, Virginia, having two children : George Appleton Cullen, of 
Chicago, 111., and Barbour Cullen. Mrs. Winona Cullen survives her husband, 
and lives in Chicago. 

James Barbour (Thomas, James, Jaines. James.) died single. 

Nathaniel Barbour (Thomas, James, James, James.) m. Miss Bowles, 
of Jefferson county, Ky., and had three children: Frank Barbour, Medona, 
w'ho died single, and Mary Bethel, who m. . 

Lucy Barbour (Th(?mas, Jaiues, James, James.) m. James Locke, and 
left no children. 

Sallie Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) m. Brown, of Ken- 
tucky, had six children, of whom only the name of one, Frank Brown, is 
known. After her death, her husV^and married a daughter of Bishop Meade, 
bv whom ho also had several children. 


Faxny Barbour (Thomas, Jaiuos, James, James.) died single. 

Axx Baubovr (Thomas, James, Jauies, James.) m. Charles M. Taylor, 
of Louisville, and had four childreu; Mary, J)r. Thomas W., Nathaniel, and 
Alfred. Nathaniel and Alfred died single. Mary m. Col. D. R. Burbank. 
Only one of their six children ever married, David K. Burbank, who married a 
daughter of Archibald Dixon, of Henderson. They had two children: Sue 
and Charlie. 

Lucy Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. Dr. Grlass, of Hender- 
son, Kentucky, liad one son, Owen, who never married. He was in the ('on- 
federate army, and was detected while scouting near Henderson, Ky., and was 
killed in his attempt to escape capture. 

Elizabeth Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. Wm. L. Jones, 
and removed to Memijh is, Tenn., where ,^he. still lives. Her husband died 
many years ago. Issue: 1. Alice, m. Hitfcry ' ferarth, of New York City; 2. 
Philip B., m. Eliza (irarth. They live in Memphis; iJ. AVm., m. Mattie Cirump, 
and resides at Vicksbui'g, Miss.; 4. Eugene, unmarried; 5. Norborne, unmar- 
ried; 6. Luc}', m. Wm. Clapp, all of Memphis. Mrs. Horace (iarth has two 
children, Granville and Lsni. Lena m. jrarth, and has two children. 

Philip Norborxe Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. his first 
cousin, Martha, daughter of Jacob Hopkins. They left no issue. He was a 
West Point graduate, and a major in the regular anny. Distinguished him- 
self in the Mexican war, and fell in the charge at Monterey. His remains are 
buried at Frankfort, Ky., and a monument, erecteil by the State, marks his 
resting place. 

Samuel Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. Clay. They 

lived and died in Henderson county, Ky. Had two sons, who entered the 
Confederate army as boys, and both were killed in the service. Neither ever 

Jamks Mordkcai Barbour (Philip, James, James, James.) m. Lydia A. 
Scott, and both died at Henderson, Kentucky. They left one child, Anna 
Mordec. m. Thomas F. Cheney, of Henderson, Ky. He died in 1898, she 
in 1892. They left six children as follows: Alice C, wife of Alfred McDaniel, 
of Tampa, Florida, Ruth C, wife of Jas. M. Ringo, of Clinton, Kentucky, Miss 
Edith B., of Henderson, Kentucky, Philip B., m. George Lee Allen, and re- 
sides in St. Louis, Mo., Harry T., of Princeton, Ky., and Robert B., of Hender 
son, Ky. 

Maria Barbour (Richard, James, James, James.) m. Jack Taylor. 
, Eliza Barbour (Richard, James. James.) m. J. P. Taylor (Robert M.), 
and had two children : Alonzo, and Robert T. They had no descendants. 

Lucy Barbour (Richard, James, .James, James.) m. Col. Alexander. 

They had no issue. 

Jamks B. Moork (Frances, James, James, James.) died single in 1871. 

William Catlktt Moork (Frances, James, James, James.) m. Matilda 
R. Taylor, a daughter of Dr. Charles Taylor, of Orange, and a surgeon in the 
Revolution. Issue : Charles (^atlett, Fanny Barbour, Sarah Barbour, James 
Mordecai, m. a Miss Andrews, and lives at Orange, C. H., John W., and Mary 

John Throckmorton Moork (Frances, James, James. James.) m. Ann 1*. 
Crutchfield, and had nine children. 

(tABRIKI> Barbour Moork (Frances, James, James, James.) m. .Miss 
Reynolds, of Clarke county, Kentucky, and had nine childreiL 

Richard Barbour Moork (Frances, James, James, James.) m. 1st. Mai 
lory, and 2nd. Susan Crump, who is still living. 



Francks Throckmorton Moork (Frances, James, James, James.) m. 
A. G. Crutchtield. She is now living; at Evansville, Indiana, in the eif?hty 
fourth year of her ajre, in the full posession cf her health, bodily and mental- 
ly, and has recently rendered the writer most valuable assistance in tracing 
the various branches of the Barbour family. She has a daufjliter, the wife of 
William Field, of Evansville, Indiana, and a son, A. G. Crutchfield, of Smith's 
Mills, Kentucky. 

Lucy Barbour Baylor (Lucy, James, James, James.) m. Gabriel Bar- 
bour, (Thomas, James, James, James). 

James Harri.son (Sarah, James, James, James.) m. Miss Talbot , They 
had five children, all of whom are now dead, and their descendants, if any, are 

Benjamin Johnson Barbour (James, Thomas, James, James.) b. 1821, 
m. Caroline H., daughter of the <Muinent Dr. Georgre Watson, of Richmond, 
November 17th., 1844. He rei)resented Oranp:e in the State Legislature, and 
in 1805 was elected a representative in the Congress of the United States; was 
not permitted to take his seat, Virginia n.)t having been sufficiently recon- 
structed. He was an orator of distinction, and a scholar of rare culture, and 
was for years Rector of the Board ot Visitors of the University of Virginia. 
He died about 1897, leaving the following children: George W. Barbour, 
Thomas Barbour, Caroline, the wife of Dr. J. H. Ellis, Elise, the wife of James 
Graves, and F. Cornelia, the wife of Prof. Wm. G. Christian, of the Univer- 
sity of Virginia. 

Lucir Barbour (Thomas, James. James, James.) m. John Seymour Talia- 
ferro, who was drowned in 1830. Issue: 1. James Barbour, died in his 18th 
year; 2. Lucy Maria, who died unmarried; 3. Frances Cornelia, unmarried, 
lives with her sister, Mrs. Waters; 4. Ann B., died unmarried; 5. Lindsey T., 
m. Wm. Smith Waters, July 21 st, 1863. He died September 7th, 1873, leaving 
has widow and two children, John Seymour Taliaferro Waters, lawyer of Bal 
timore, whom. Mary Town Donaldson, and Lucy Maria Barbour Waters, who 
m. Charles F. Penniman, Sei)tember 6th, 1892. He died November 13th, 1898. 
leaving one child, Wm. S. W. Penniman. Mrs. Wm. S. Waters is living at 225, 
West Lanvale st., Baltimore, and the writer is indebted to her for much of the 
information embodied in this sketch. 

Frances CoRNKLiA Barbour (James, Thomas, James, James.) m. Wil- 
liam Handy Collins, a distinguished lawyer of Baltimore. They left no issue. 

Philippa Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, James, James.) m. Judge R. H. 
Field, who succeeded her distinguished father as judge of the General Court 
of Virginia. She was his third wife. Their children were: 1. Philip Field, who 
was a gallant soldier in the civil war, and was killed May 23rd., at Cedarville, 
Virginia; 2. Fanny Field, who m. Charles Norville, of Lynchburg, Va. 

Elizabeth Barbour (Philip P., Thomas., James, James.) m. J. J. Ambler. 
Their children were: 1. John J., m. Bessie B. Davis; 2. Prof. Philip B., m. 
Willie H. Nicholas, of Seven Islands. They had one son. Prof. Nicholas 
Ambler, of Roanoke (College; 3. Ella Cary, m. John Nicholas, of Lynchburg, 
having six children: Ambler, Philip, Liilie, Harry, J. Fillis, and Nannie Nich- 

Thomas Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, James, James.) m. Catharine 
Strother. He was a i)hysician, and died in St. Louis, in 1849, of cholera incur- 
red in the course of his profession. His children were: Thomas and John, of 

Missouri, Fanny Todd, m. Gray, of Louisville, Kentucky, and Chalmers 



Edmund Pen'dleton Barbour (Pliilip P., Thomas, James, James.) m. 
Harriet, daughter of Col. John Stewart, of King George. He died in 1851. 
His children are: Philippa, xMary Conway, and Ednionla, who m. Rene de 
Payen des Bellisle, who was a professor in the University of Chicago. He lett 
one child, who bears his name. 

QuiNTUS Barboi:r (Philip P.. Thomas, James, James.) m. Mary, daugh- 
ter of James Somerville, of Cjili>efM;r. Their children are: 1. Capt. Philip 
P., unmarried, a prominent hiAvyer of Gordonsville; 2. Fanny T., m. Rev. D. 

B. Ewing, who is now dead. She resides in Alexandria, Virginia, and has the 
following cliildren: \Vm., Lucy, Mary Belle, Jennie and Fannie; 'S. Cornelia 

C, 4. James Somerville, of Missi.ssippi; .5. Jane F., unmarried. 

Sextus Barbour (Philip P., Thomas, James, James.) died unmarried in 
St. Louis, Mo., of cholera in 1849, Avith his li)rother, Dr. Thomas Barbour. 

Mary Ann Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) m. Lathrop, of 

Washington. Issue: Florence who married, 1st. Field, of Chicago, and 

2nd. Thomas Nelson Page, the distinguished author. She has several childiei> 
by her first marriage. 

Caroline Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) ni. Judge Wylie, 

for years a judge of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. Issue: 
Horace Wylie, of Washington, D. C. 

THO>rAS Barbour Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, James.) m. Page, 

a daughter of Rev. Charles Page, of the well known Virginia family of that 
name. Their children are: Charles Page Bryan, at. present U. S. Minister to 
Brazil, and Virginia Bryan. 

William Bryan (Mary, Thomas, James, Jaities.) Issue unknown. 

Vkranda Newman (Lucy, Thomas, James, James.) m. Nathaniel Welch, 
Issue : 1. Thomas N. Welch, n). Lucy Dew, of Caroline. Was a State Senator 
•from Madison, and Jitdge of Caroline county. Lives in Caroline county. He 
has no children; 2. James Barbour, m. Ann Gibson, a sister of Col. J. (J. Gil> 
son, of Culpeper. Issue : Lelia, who m. Alexander H. Davis, and Elustace B. 
Welch, who m. Sallie Ben-y; 8. John, m. his cousin, Laura, daughter of James 
B. Newman, and left one child, Sallie. who m. Wm. Parrin, of Orange; 4. 
Lucy, m. Reuben Newu>an, and bad thi-ee chihli-en : Nathaniel, who m. 
Miss Taylor, Bettie who m. Col. Stoven, of Orange, having' two children, Wil- 

lian) and Liila, and Florence, who m. Henshaw, of Kentucky; .I. Wilhel- 

mina, m. Dr. Graves. She lives at Orange C. H., Virginia, and has one child, 
Etta Graves. 

Jaafeh Barbour Newman (Lucy, Thoums, James, James.) m. Sallie Bat- 
tle Fitzhug-h. They had six children : Julia, m. Jess;ie H. Goss, of Georgia. 
Their only child, Juh'a, m. Birdsong; 3. Laura, m. John Welch, (see de- 
scendants of Veranda Newman and Nathaniel Welch, supra); 8. Rosa, diet? 
unmarried; 4. Thomas H., killed at Aldie, Virginia, during the civil war; 5. 
Barbour, m. Tabitha, daughter of William Gordon, of Fred eric-ks burg. They 
have two children : Alice and Liilie; 6. Conway, m. EInora Taylor, and has 

nine children : Kosa, who m. Fitz Patrick, of Orange county, Eugenia, 

Conway, Laura, and five others. Mr. James Barbour Newman lived to be 
ninety eight years of age, and iiliecl but a few month ago. 

LuCETTA Newman (Lucy, Thomas, James, James.) m. Jmnes Madifou 
Macon, and had six children: 1. Thomas N., avIio died unmarried; 2. Conwaj- 
Ella, Ui. Dr. John Knox, ot Richmond. They had three children: John C, who 
m. Miss Yancy, of Richmond, Lucetta Madison Knox and Conway Macon 
Knox, both of Riclnnond; ;>. Edgar Barlwur, m. Virginia Caison, of Princess: 
Ann, and has eight children: William M., Sallie, who married John Maupin, 
of Portsmouth^ having two children, Mary and Augusta,. Barbour Macon, of 


]:}raiijl)leton, Virginia, wlio inaried Miss Maulbury, and has live children, 

Nathaniel Maeon, who married, , Henry ]\Iacon, who married , and 

has one child, Lucetta, who m. Rev. John Coruiick, of Westover, and has 
three children, and Bessie Macon; 4 Sarah F., m. Thomas Hill, of Oulpeper, 
and has two children : A. P. Hill, who m. Anna (t. Parsons, of St. Louis, Mo., 
and Corrie H. M. Hill; 5. James Madison, iii. Miss Bridge, of New Orleans, and 
has three children, Conway Etta, Edward Adams, and James Madison; 6. 
Conway, of Orange, who m. Emma Riley, of Winchester, and has seven chil- 
dren : Emma, who m. Stair, of York, Pa., Kate, who m. Frank Poison, of 

Pittsburg, Pa., Kenneth, Lattimer, Conway, Riley, and Eva. 

It was stated on page 18(5 tliat James Barbour (James) had a son William, 
wlio married Elizabeth Bailey. Further research since that statement was 
printed shows it to be erroneous, but it has brought out the probability that 
he was related to the Culpeper family of Barbours through a more remote an- 
cestor than any named above, viz : Gabriel Barbour, said to have been a 
London merchant, and a member of the Londoh Virginia Company, and who 
gave 1000 pounds to esta])lish a fund to cliristianize the Indians, though it 
has been impossible to prosecute the inquires necessary to conclusively estab- 
lish this line of descent in time for incorporation in this sketch. The William 
Barbour, above mentioned, instead of being a son of James (James), was prob- 
ably the son or grandson of Capt. William Barbour, of Richmond county, 
whose daughter married Ajola Price, as mentioned in the Grreen genealogy (p 
01 , part first). He had a brother, Samuel and they came to Culpeper county to 
gether, and settled before the revolution. His descendants are : William 
Barbour and Travers Barbour, both of whom moved to North Carolina about 
1800; their descendants are unknown; and Frances,.m. Thomas Taylor (Charles, 
of Orange county), October 4th., 1800, having PainjiU. Taylor, b. 1801, m. Millie 
Brown; Elizabeth, b. 1S08, died single; Patsey Taylor, b. 1805, m. A. Ford, and 
moved to Mississijjpi; Sarah Jane, b. 1806, m. M. Burke; Nitncey, b. 1808, m. 

M. Wise; John Barbour Taylor, b. 1811, m. and moved tq Louisiana; Thos. 

E. Taylor, b. 1814, m. Miss Henshaw. and went West; Margar^, b. 1820, and 
died single; and Arthur, b. 1823, m. Miss Murray, and left one son, R. O. Tay- 
lor. Pannil Taylor, the oldest son of Thomas Taylor, and Frances Barbour, 
above noted, m. 1st. Nellie Brown, a daughter of Joel Brown and Nellie Terrill, 
and left two children : Dr. John W. Taylor, and Mildred Frances, m. Dr. H. 
W. Gordon, of Madison county. Pannil Taylor m. 2nd. a- Miss Weaver, of 
Mississippi, and left from this marriage : Jas. R., Luclv, Buckhannon, Maggie, 
Shaw and two other daughters. John W., his son by his first marriage, m. 
Rebecca Crawford, and has four children : T. C. Taylor, of Madison county, 
who m. Ruby, a daughter of Col. F. H. Hill, of Madison; G. H. Taylor m. Sal- 
lie Lewis, and is at present Deputy Clerk of Madison county; W. S. Taylor, of 
Madi«on C. H., m. Lizzie Yager; and Blanche, m. John Hunton. 



[Jiulpre John W. Jones has furnished the following: more extended sketch 
of the Broaddus family than the one which ai)pears in the orifjinal History of 
St. Mark's Parish, but the copy was received too late to be in the first part of 
this book.— R. T. G.] 

The late distinguished Rev. John A. Broaddus, writing of his family a few 
years previous to his death, says that the name Broaddus was orif^inally Broad- 
hurst. Althoufrh of Anj^rlo-Saxon origin, those who bear it, tradition says, came 
to the United States from Wales. The prof^enitor of the family in this coun- 
try was Edward Broaddus, who settled on Owynn's Island in the Piankitank 
river, near its junction with the Rappahannock. The exact time of his com- 
ing is not known, but it must have been as early as the early part of the 
18th century, as, in 171"), he moved to Caroline county, then King and Queen, 
where he continued to reside up to the time of his death. Edward Broaddus 
was twice married. The name of his first wife is unknown. That of his sec- 
ond was Mary Shipley. The name of his children, by his first wife, are: 
Thomas, Richaj'd and Dolly. Those of his secoijd wife were: John, William, 
James, Shipley, Robin, and Elizabeth, These ctiildren of Edward Broaddus, 
and his two wives, have left a large number of descendants in Haroline and 
Culpeper counties, and in other portions of Virginia, and elsewhere through- 
out the United States, some of whom have become men of prominence and 
distinction, especially as educators and ministers of the gospel. Among these, 
Andrew, the first of the name, Andrew, his son, both of whom were born, and 
died, in Caroline county, Pidmund, William F., his brother, and John A., son 
of Edmund, all three natives of Culpeper, may be notablj' mentioned. 

While it is conceded that John A. was the most accomplished and schol- 
arly man, who ever liore the name of Broaddus, even before he was born, his 
Caroline kinsman, Andrew, had begun to establish a reputation as an orator 
of no mean order, notwithstanding his early education was very limited, hav- 
ing attended school only nine months altogether. Uniting with the Baptist 
church while quite young, he had barely become of age when he was ordained 
as a minister of that denomination, and so strong was his intellect, so studi- 
ous his habits, so winning his deportment, so musical his voice, so captivating 
the style of his eloquence, that he soon became one of the most popular pul- 
pit orators of his day, and his services were sought by his Baptist brethren all 
over the State, especially at cami)meetiugs. so common at that earlv time, 
where his presence never failed to draw an immense crowd of interested and 
eager listeners whenever it was known that lie was to fill the pulpit. Al- 
though Mr. Broaddus, during liis long and pojjular ministry, excejjt for a few 
months while in Richmond, Va., never had charge of any other than a country 
church, it was not because Viis services were not appreciated in some of the lar- 
gest cities of the United States, among them Baltimore, New York, Philadel- 
phia, and Boston, from all of Avhich he had calls at different tin)es, none of 
which he accepted, probably from a love for a retired and quiet life, and a 
natural shrinkinty timidity which he possessed, and could never entirely over- 
come. Beside? his [)oi)nlarity as a preacher, Mr. Broaddus was also a writer 
of much force and eloquence. During his life Ik; wrote a number of works, 
amotig othf rs, a "'History of the Bible " which Avas received with much favor 
by the religious public. Mr. Broaddus was married four times, and left a num- 
ber of '.iliildren, to only one of whom, his son, Andrew Jr., will the limits of 
this sketch allow any reference to be made. 

Andrew Broaddus, Jr., like his father, Andrew the elder, was a liaptist 
minister, and, like him. of much ability, both as a speaker and a writer. 





While his style of oratory was hardly as attractive as that of his father, still, 
at times, when his mind was fully aroused to the impcrtanee of the subject 
under investigation, and he took a personal interest in it, his thoughts would 
be clothed in words of impassioned and burning eloquence. As a writer, Mr. 
Broaddus was terse, clear and forcible. Besides having been a contributor to 
the Religious Herald, and other religious papers for many years, he was the 
author of a history of the Broaddus family, a work requiring much time, pa- 
tience and labor, to which the writer of this sketch is indebted for much that 
it contains. Like his father, Mr. Broaddus lived to be quite old. Both lived 
and died in the same county where they were born, leaving the remarkable 
record of having, for three generations, extending over the space of a cen- 
tury, father, son and grandson, successfully occupied the same pulpit and 
preached to the same people and and their descendants, a record that exists 
no where else in Virginia, or the United States, if indeed in the world, one of 
which any family might well be proud, and complimentary alike to pastor and 
people. With this brief and imperfect notice of the two leading members 
of the ('aroline Broddus', let us now proceed to the more immediate purpose 
of this sketch, the genealogy of the Culpeper branch of the family. 

So far as is known the name of the first Broaddus to settle in Culpeper 
county was William, the second son of Edward, the progenitor of the family in 
this country, and his second wife, Mary Shipley. AVilliam Broaddus married 
a Miss Gaines, who bore him three children: William, Thomas and James. 
His first son, William, was a major in the Revolutionary army, and was twice 
married, first to Mrs. Martha Jones, widow of Capt. Gabriel Jones, the Revo- 
lutionary soldier; they had fovir children: Kitty Wigginton, Juliet, Patsey 
and William. Kitty married William Mills Thompson. The names of their 
descendants will be found in the Thompson genealogy, pages 86-7 of part sec- 
ond; Juliet married Col. Henry Ward. They had two children: William H.. and 
Woodville. William H., married Jane Roberts, a daughter of Major John 
Roberts, of the Revolution, and had no children. Woodville moved to 
Mississippi many years ago, and never married. Patsy married Merriwether 
Thompson. Such of their descendants, as are known, will be found in the 
Thompson genealogy, page 89 of second part. 

The second wife of Major William Broaddus was Martha Richardson. 
They had four children: Sarah Ann, Lavinia, Maria and Mary. In addition 
to serving his country as a soldier, Major Broaddus was for many years clerk 
of Culpeper county. Somewhat late in life he moved to Harper's Ferry, 
where he filled some Federal olBce, i)aymaster in the army, it is believed, and 
died there. 

William, the only son of William Broaddus and the widow of Capt. Gab- 
riel Jones, married Ann Tutt, who bore him two children: Juliet Ann and 
William A. Juliet Ann married Edward Herndon. They had only one child, 
a daughter, named Mary Eleanor, who married John Roberts. William A. 
never married. Mr. Broaddus succeeded his father as clerk of Culpeper 

Thomas, the second son of William Broaddus, and brother of the first 
clerk of Culpeper county, of that name, married Mrs. Susannah White. They 
had three sons: Edmund, William F., and Andrew, and two daughters, Lucy 
and Maria. Edmund, the first son of Thomas, and Susannah Broaddus, was 
twice married. His first wife was Nancy Sims. His second was Somerville 
Ward By his firsi wife he had the following children: James M., Martha 
A., Caroline M., and John A. His second